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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (Nov. 17, 1945)
In Postwar Education
Courses Must Be Centered Around Core of
Subjects Stressing Human Relations;
Physical Build-up Also Important.
News Analyst and Commentator.
WNU Service, 1616 Eye Street, N.W.,
Washington, D. C.
(This is the second of two articles
on the “new reconversion,” this one
In a previous column I laid before
you the vital need of reconverting
our educational system if America
is goirfg to meet the challenge of
other ideologies to the faith in our
democratic institutions. I pointed
out how poorly many of our occupa
tion forces are testifying to their
democratic convictions in the face
of the geniality of our former ene
I took you into the office of Com
missioner of Education John Stude
baker ' who pointed out to me how
reconverting educationally is as im
portant as reconverting industrially
if we are going to meet the problems
of the day. Dr. Studebaker said that
this could be achieved by making
a solid core of education available
to all. Such a core would be com
posed of certain basic studies which
educators believe are essential to a
solidarity of democratic thought.
The commissioner of education sees
this core as a reinforcement of men
tal iron in the moral structure of the
When you talk about making this
core available to all, that is not the
corrfplete picture. Men like Doctor
Studebaker would have this group
of basic studies required of all stu
dents, not just made available to
them. And thereby, say the tradition
alists, hangs a threat to the elective
system under which many institu
tions of learning have been comfort
ably educating students. Under the
system of free choice, College Joe
and College Jane could pick the
courses their hearts desired. If their
hearts desired a little extra sleep in
the morning, they could pick classes
that would not require early rising.
If extra-curricular activities were
particularly heavy one semester,
they did not have to take economics
which was hard when Turkish archi
tecture was a snap.
Too many students have been com
ing out of our institutions of learn
ing without a basic concept of what
our democracy is all about, say the
educators who are crying for recon
version. If they don’t select the
courses that will give them that con
cept, they must be required to take
them, these same men say—the fu
ture of our way of life is at stake.
Force in State
It is a well-known fact that before
the Nazis ever dreamed of world
conquest they first restrained by
force, those who were too old or too
wise to accept Nazi indoctrination.
The more malleable minds of the
young were filled with the false doc
trines of subordination to the state,
race hatred and exaltation of might.
Their other anti-democratic and
anti - Christian principles were
poured into the youth until there
was produced a state in which the
controlling element of the population
was fanatically loyal to Naziism.
Democracy and Christian princi
ples once instilled can produce just
as strong a loyalty, just as enduring
a faith, but there is a minimum cf
instruction in their true meaning
that must be made available to ev
eryone—more than that, that should
be required study of everyone who
would be a good citizen. This is
the first way in which the destruc
tive forces which are working
against democracy can be arrested.
And so Doctor Studebaker pre
sents the idea of a “core” around
which can be built an understand
ing of the whole democratic system;
how its parts can be fitted into one
another and into a world which must
either be closely integrated or ex
There is not space here to consid
er the details of the composition of
this core. Two examples of the type
of studies which Doctor Studebaker
feels are essential, and which must
be taught much more comprehen
sively and for a longer period than
they are now, was given in the first
article. They are economics and
geography. There must be basic
understandings and skills in the
field of language. By that the com
missioner means the channels by
which we communicate and are
communicated with—reading, writ
ing, listening, speaking. Since radio
broadcasts are heard daily by multi
plied millions, critical listening
should be a vital part of the basic
Since freedom of expression is an
essential attribute of a democracy,
citizens need to develop critical
thinking in order to evaluate the
powerful influence of communica
tion and propaganda constantly
brought to bear on them.
During the war, certain major
weaknesses in our educational sys
tem were bluntly exposed. Total re
jections in the war for physical,
psychiatric and educational reasons
have been almost as numerous as
the number of men who served in
the army overseas. We may or
may not need our young men to fight
another war, but regardless of this,
we need to improve school pro
grams of health and physical educa
tion, including the early discovery of
remediable defects to be corrected
by family physicians and public
health agencies. A nation that would
be strong, must be strong physi
Military authorities have also
found a major weakness in the work
of the schools in the failure to re
quire older students to carry mathe
matics to the point of practical mas
The natural sciences gained a
larger place in the field of educa
tion during the war, and they should
continue to do so, according to Com
missioner Studebaker. No adequate
understanding of our civilization is
possible without considerable knowl
edge of them. Moreover, many
careers in trade, technical, profes
sional and scientific pursuits, w.
er of industry, business or agricul
ture, are handicapped without a thor
ough scientific groundwork, laid in
the elementary and secondary
schools and for many, continued in
the colleges and universities.
But one of the most basic seg- !
ments of the core, in the opinion of |
Dr. Studebaker, should be made up '
of the social studies. It is upon this
group that we have leaned most
heavily in training for responsible
citizenship — and this must con
tinue. History and the other social
studies are essential to the ground
ing of our citizens in the American
tradition of political liberty, a
knowledge of the structure of our
republican form of government, and
a firm attachment to the democratic
faith, Doctor Studebaker says.
I said that it is the belief of im
portant educators that a core of
this type must become a “must” in
the curricula of the nation, thereby
casting overboard the traditional
elective system whereby a student
is given pretty much free choice in
what he will study. This new ap
proach is emphasized in one of the
most widely quoted documents of re
cent publication, the Harvard study
entitled, “General Education in a
Free Society.” This work has
startled a number of people coming
as it does from the institution that
saw the elective system reach its
most extreme form, for it recom
mends the abandonment of that sys
tem. In this document, the chief
priest of the elective system points
out the weaknesses of that long-cher
Of course, it is one thing to set
up curricula that will insure the fact
that those attending school will get
the basic studies. It is another to
see that these required subjects are
made available to all. Is it possible
to produce and democratically dis
tribute this basic core to all Amer
Not yet. That is another must
in the new reconversion. The ex
penditures now made on this price
less commodity are inadequate. But
I am not dealing here with the fi
nances of education. That is a
subject in itself. Suffice it to say
that even with greater funds this
product, as blue-printed by the ex
perts, cannot be produced in the
existing plants any more than the
peacetime models and types of in
dustrial commodities can be pro
duced by machines equipped for war
• production. Nor is the personnel and
i the training of that personnel ade
BAKBS . . . by B aukh a ge
Hall the communities in the
United States are not reached by a
railway, says the automobile manu
facturing association. They have to
roll on rubber instead of rails.
• • *
Last year more people were killed
by accidents in the rural areas
than in the cities. There were more
automobile collisions in the rural
and small-town areas. Why?
The highest suicide rate among
women is found in Japan and Ger
manic countries. Maybe their own
wives didn’t like 'em any better than
the Allies did.
. . .
At the army air forces center
in Orlando. Fla., they are perfecting
motor vehicles which will operate
over the snow. Query: where do
they get the snow in FI rina’’
Fine Quality Job Printing
CARDS, LETTER HEADS, PERSONAL
STATIONERY, HAND BILLS —
JUST CALL HA-0800
or better still Come to 2420 Grant Street
Pops Miller takes Gene Burton to the Top!
New York, New York (Special by
Lou Swarz) Gene Burton, very
promising young crack lightweight
fighter, is ram going to the Top of
the ladder in the Fistic world un
der the careful guidance of Pops
Miller. Pops is well known in the
| Sports' Whir^ having been tutor of
I Ray Robinson, and having handled
j the late Tigers Flowers, middle.
| weight Champ of the world; and
; also having assisted Beau Jack who
I at one time was light weight champ
“SEVEN KEYS TO BALDPATE"
This is a scene taken from the
olay, “Seven Keys to Baldpate” to
be presented by the November sen
ior graduating class of Technical
High school. The play will be pre
| sented November 14, 15. and 17.
[ T he characters are from left to
right; Azalee Thomas, as Myna
Thornhill; Bob Pettit as Bland;
Bill Bauer as William Mageej and
Wallace Welch as Lou Max.
N V. 21,1945
AN IMPORTANT DATE FOR
thousands of ARMY VETERANS
NOW IN CIVILIAN LIFE
Between now and November 21,
thousands of Army veterans will
reenlist in Uncle Sam’s new volun
teer peacetime Army. Because —
men who have been discharged be
tween May 12 and November 1 of
this year and reenlist on or before
November 21 will be able to return
to the Army with the same grade as
they held when discharged.
Men with six months of satisfac
tory service discharged as privates
will, on reenlistment before Novem
ber 21, be given the grade of private
Men now in the Army who apply
for discharge after NOVEMBER 1
for the purpose of reenlisting in the
Regular Army will also retain their
present grades, if they enlist within
20 days after discharge and before
FEBRUARY 1, 1946.
BEST JOB IN THE WORLD"
These special privileges are typical
of the new law recently passed by
Congress. Few opportunities for a
lifetime career offer as many attrac
Can you think of any other job
that would give you good pay, your
food, clothing, quarters, free med
ical and dental care, world-wide
travel, 30 days’furlough every year,
education and training in any of
nearly 200 skills or trades, and
enable you to retire with a life in
come any time after 20 years’ se rvice?
There isn't any! That’s why a
job in the Regular Army has been
called "The Best Job in the World.”
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NEW
1. Enlistments for 1 Vi, 2 or 3
years. (1-year enlistments permitted
for men with 6 months’ service.)
2. Men reenlisting retain their
present grades, if they Teenlist with
in 20 days after discharge and before
Feb. 1, 1946. The same applies to
men discharged between May 12 and
Nov. 1, 1945, who reenlist before
Nov. 21, 1945.
3. An increase in the reenlistment
bonus to $50 for each year of active
service since the bonus was last paid,
or since last entry into service.
4. 20% extra pay when overseas.
5. Paid furlough, up to 90 days,
depending on length of service, with
furlough travel paid to home and
return, for men now in the Army
6. Mustering-out pay (based
upon length of service) to all men
who are discharged to reenlist.
7. Option to retire at half pay for
the rest of your life after 20 years’
service — or three-quarters pay after
30 years. (Retirement income in
grade of Master or First Sergeant up
to $155.25 per month for life.) All
previous active federal military ser
vice counts toward retirement.
8. Benefits of GI Bill of Rights.
9. Family allowances for the
term of enlistment for dependents of
men who enlist or reenlist before
July 1, 1946.
10. Choice of branch of service and
overseas theater in Air, Ground or
Service Forces on 3-year enlistments.
PAY PER MONTH —
In Addition to Food, Lodging,
Clothes and Medical Care
(a)—Plus 20% Increase for
Service Overseas, (b) —Plus
50% if Member of Flying
Crews. Parachutist, etc. (c)
Plus 5% Increase in Pay for
Each 3 Years of Service.
or First Sergeant
Staff Sergeant .
Private First Class
BasePay INCOME AFTER:
Per 20 Years’ 30 Years'
Month Service Service
5138.00 #89.70 #155.25
114.00 74.10 128.25
96.00 62.40 108.00
78.00 50.70 87.75
66.00 42.90 74.25
54.00 35.10 60.75
50.00 32.50 56.25
SEE THE JOB THROUGH reenust now at your nearest
A» H Rau' u. S. ARMY RECRUITING STATION
. S. ARMY poST flFF!CE El.,LD|S6
••GUARDIAN OF VICTORY”
AIR. GROUND. SERVICE FORCES OlHH.ll?., NeDF. Silcl
Nebraskans To View
Victory Loan Train Specials
Two of the six Victory Loan
special trains touring the nation in
support of the Victory Loan Drive
will be in Nebraska during the
drivei a demonstration of the might
of the Armed Forces and a tribute
to the people who have supported
them through their purchase of
First of the trains, carrying pick
ed navy personnel and an exhibit
that includes helicopters, radar, an
LVT, a Norden bombsighfc and oth
er top-flight military secrets of the
war, will be in Lincoln, Saturday,
; H. W. Smith’s Weekly
If you have any news about waiters, or anything
pertaining to them or their routine of living, call
H. W. Smith—HA-0800 and give him the news...
The Waiters Key club invites the
public and their friends at all tim
es to come up ana enjoy themselves
Mr. Millard Carr and Mr. Glover
Scott, two ex-servicemen and two
streamlined roast beef knights are
doing the honors at the OAC.
' The RR boys are on the job on
Ed Craig and H. W. Smith met
on 24th and Lake street.
Blackstone hotel waiters very
much out in front on fine service.
Head the Greater Omaha Guide
for all the News!
Fontenelle hotel waiters topping
the service at all times!
Paxton hotel head waiters and
crew improving on the service at
of the world.
Gene won a decision over Doll
Rafferty recently at the Gardens in
Pittsburgh; boxed a Draw with
| Sammy Angott, former NBA. light
weight Champ also in Pittsburgh;
and although lost a close decision
to Ike Williams present NBA light
weight Champ title holder, was
praised by the critics who witness
ed the bout. Several critics stat
ed that the fight should have been
Burton’s, and that he had made Ike
look like a chump instead of a I
Pops Miller, manager and trainer
of Gene says. “Gene is ready to
compete with any crack light
weight here in Madison Square Gar
den and we are waiting patiently
because he has plenty of time.1’
In a conversation with Wanda
Macy, young actress and dancer,
both Pops Miler and his fighter.
Gene Burton> made it very clear
that nothing will stand in the way
of this young (2t year old) prom
ising fighter's going to the top.
His next fight is schedule^ for
Pittsburgh where fight fang anx
iously await his return, and show
him that he is their favorite.
PILLED GI OUT OF PACIFIC
East Moline, 111., Special CFI
photo to The Omaha Guide from
Leslie Swanson_Pal. a French
poodle, is more than a pal to T-5
Arthur Grammens of East Moline,
who obtained the dog while he was
stationed in Hawaii. Pal took ov
er the job of “personal bodyguard"
During maneuvers off an island.
Grammens was ordered to swim to
a designated point in the ocean and
return to shore. As he plunged in
to the water Pal followed. "I
swam to the objective without too
much trouble", said Grammens,
"hut when returning I became too
weak to go on. All I could do was
grab Pal who sized up the situation
and pulled me into shore." Gram
mens entered the service in 1941
and was stationed overseas three
and a half years.
Now is the Time to
Insulate Your Home
SIMPSON INSULATION GO
Waiters at the Regis hotel and
the White Horse Inn always on
the improve on smiles and service.
Waiters at the Omaha Club with
Capt. Earl Jones on the front end
of fine service with a smile.
All waiters should have a mem
bership in the NAACP an,j attend
services at Home church every Sun
Read the Greater Omaha Guide
and tell all of your friends to do
My 14 i t
I 1. Contains only Natural Herbs.
I 2. Thorough yet Gentle in El feet. $■
I 3. No Unpleasant Alter-eliects.
I 4. Pleasant and Easy to Take.
I 5. No Fuss. No Brewing. No Bother.
H 6. Dose can be easily Adjusted to your
9 7. Economical, a 50c package lasts the
H Family lor Month*.
Caution: Use only as directed.
9 At all druggists. Or write lor FREE GEN
9 EROUS SAMPLE. Innerclean Co. 846 E.
9 Sixth St. Los Angeles 21. Calif.
New & Used Furniture
Complete Line—Paint Hardware
We Buy, Sell and Trade
IDEAL FURNITURE MART
2511-13 North 24th— 24th & Lake
"Everything For The Home"
|r HEAL SHOE MAN \
SHOE REPAIR !
CASH & CARRY CLEANER \
\ 1410 North 24th St.
-IT PAYS TO LOOK WELL"
MAYO’S BARBER SHOP
Ladies and Children’s Work
2422 LAKE ST
24th and Lake Sts.
I- rt‘«- I
III III Mil i iiii III) IIIIIII III ill Mill i I III III III
How women an girls]
may get wanted relief
Cardul is a liquid medicine
which many women say has
brought relief from the cramp
like agony and nervous strain
of functional periodic distress.
Here’s how it may help:
4 — Taken like a tonic, it
* should stimulate appe
tite, aid digestion,*
thus help build resist
ance for the “time” to
m Started 3 days before
“ “your time”, it should
help relieve pain due
i to purely functional
! periodic causes.
Try Cardul. If it helps,
you’ll be glad you did.
jft «CC Ultl P4WCCTIOWS
November 17. from 8 am. to 9 pm.
for public inspection at the CB&Q
A second train is scheduled for |
three later Nebraska showings, at I
North Platte on December 8 Grand
Island, December 9; and Omaha.
December 19, for all-day exhibit.!
1 All will be free to public inspection
All military personnel on the trains
are returned combat veterans who
have volunteered for this service.
The crew consists of 25 officers and i
petty officers representing Navy!
Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.
The Navy's ‘‘Gold Train" will be
on exhibit in Lincoln; its “Blue!
Train” will make the later Nebras- ]
ka showings. While the trains are
similar in most respects, the "Gola
Train” features a five-inch naval
gun from the USS Tirante, a sub
marine that had an outstanding re
cord in two fighting tours in the
j Pacific war; the "Blue Train" car
i ries the four-inch gun from the USS
| WARD. Both carry an exact re.
plica of the bronze plaque placed i
board the USS MISSOURI'S deck,
commemorating Japan's surrender.
Flat cars, joined together so that
their outline presents the appear
ance of a submarine will carry the
exhibits. The exact model of the
gun that soht down 32 Jap planes
in 30 minutes, will provide special
interest to visitors to the Navy Vic
I • Invisible Belt
Keeps shirt or blouse tail snug
ly tucked in, holds garment up
and firm around the waist,
$2.25. Money-back guarantee.
State waistline: Schneider’s,
3059 St. Mary’s Ave: AT-4171.
large: load preferred
Kindling per load $5 00
LUMP COAL $1160
per ton 11
JONES FUEL & SUPPLY
2520 Lake Street
tory Loan Specials. Othe1- *’<gh.
lights lof the exhibit incT^T*-the
Grumman Hellcat, carrier-based
Navy fighter plane, and a line up
of naval ammunition from the full
size submarine torpedo an<j hu:^r'
Sixteen-inch shells down to the
smallest caliber ammunition.
The complete show i8 a rolling
demonstration of the might of the
United States Navy, conveying to
visitors of the two trains an under
standing of how their purchase of
Victory Bonds mak« possible th#
life and equipment of thl8 branch
of the military services.
, | According to the best
authorities, the mini
mum daily A, D and B
Complex Vitamin re
quirements of the aver
age person are: w
A 4,000 USP Units, D
400 USP Units, B1 333
USP Units, B2 2,000
Micrograms, and ap
i jiiuAiuianiv iv.uou xuicrograms rsico
tinamide. The required amounts for
other B Complex Vitamins have not
yet been established.
Many people do not get enough of
these essential Vitamins. DO YOU?
Why not play safe by taking
Each ONE-A-DAY Vitamin A and
D Tablet contains 25% more of the
cod liver oil vitamins than the mini
mum daily recommended quantity.
Each ONE - A - DAY Vitamin B
Complex Tablet contains full mini
mum daily requirements of Vitamins
B1 and B2 and 10,000 Micrograms of
Nicotinamide together with a sub
stantial amount of other B Vitamins.
When you buy Vitamins, compare
potencies and prices. Note how ONE
A - DAY Tablets conform to the
average human requirements. See
how reasonable the cost. „
»' Get them at your drug store.
Classified Ads Get ResuitsJ
SINGER SEWING MACHINE Co.
1622 Douglas JA-4487
Repair All Make Sewing Machines
Used Sewing Machines - Notions
LAUNDRY shirt pressers, finish
sorters, and markers. Permanent
employment. Apply Banner Laundry
2014 St. Mary’s Ave.
j Two Laborers at Once! 60c per hour
I wages Apply 2706 Maple St. J. Snell
FOR SALE_ KAPOC MATTRESS,
Three quarter size, phone WE-4285.
• Real Estate, Homes
Nice 5-room house, in excellent con
dition handy to schools, churches,
street cars, 2117 Grace St. _$3,000.
Henry B. McCampbell, Realtor
216 Barker Bldg. AT-857G
Neatly Furnished Room for Rent
Call AT-8810. _
& CLOTHING SHOP
BIG SALE—Overcoats, all sizes
Shoes, No Stamps; Ladies Dresses
llujts, Bids, Gas Stoves and Ot
“We Buy and Sell” —
TEL. AT. 1154 1715 N. 26th ST,
THOMAS FUNERAL HOME
2022 Lake St. AVEbster 2022
LAUNDRIES & CLEANERS
EDHOLM & SHERMAN
| .1401 North 21th St WE. 605S
i 2224 North 21th St. WE. 1029
If you are lonely, write
Box 32, Clarkston, Wash.
• Legal Notices
Omaha Guide 3t
Edw- J- Dugan, Atty
Bk- 65, T 403
In the Matter of the Estate of
FANNIE M- OWEN, Deceased
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN:
That the creditors of said deceased
will meet the administrator of said
estate, before me, County Judge of
1 Douglas County- Nebraska, at the
County Court Room, in said County
on the 4th day of December, 1945
and on the 4th day of February
1946 at 9 o'clock A- M-, each day,
for the purpose of presenting their
claims for examination, adjustment
and allowance. Three months are
allowed for the 'creditors to present
their claims, from the 3rd day of
Omaha Guide. 3t
| begin 11-10.45, end 12-1, 45
W. B. BRYANT, Atty.
Bk. 65, P. 464.
IN THE MATTER OF THE ES
| TATE OF NELLIE CLARK, De
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN:
That the creditors of said deceased
will meet the Administratrix of
said estate before me, County
Judge of Douglas County, Nebraska
at the Court Room, in said County,
on the 2nd day of January. 1946 and
on the 2nd day of March, 1946, at 9
o’clock A. M., each day, for the pur.
pose of presenting their claims for
examination, adjustment and allow
ance. Three months are allowed
for the creditors to present their
claims, from the 1st day of Decem
ROBERT R. TROYER.
I—TAILORING & ALTERATIONS— g
ATTENTION, LADIES! 1
You can get hand tailored suits, dresses, *
and slacks designed to suit yonr personality g
by an experienced Lady Tailoress. We g
Specialize in stout figures. Men and Ladies m
general repair work done. We also special- g
ifce in Tailored shirts. i*
Mable L. Williams, Proprietress. . V
-2022 NORTH 24th STREET- j_%
Yes smart women and men by the thousands
know how quickly Palmer’s SKIN SUCCESS Oint
ment works to relieve the itching of many e*tef»
nally caused pimples, rashes, “spots” ecsema_and
ringworm. Original, genuine Palmer s SKLN bUV>
CESS Ointment has been proved for over WO yean.
Try it on the guarantee of satisfaction or money
back, 25c (Economy 75c size contains 4 times a*
much). At all stores or from E. T. Browne Drug Co.,
\ 127 Water St., New York City.
Help complete complexion beauty with Palmer’i
<SKt!S SUCCESS Soap (effectively medicated) J5c
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