The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, April 21, 1945, Image 1

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^ ^ ^ "Largest Accredited Negro Newspaper West of Chicago and North of KC• <£> “Cv •£> +
Entered as 2nd class matter at Post-oflice, Omaha, Nebr., Under Act of a inlE: a i/\ t» n . /i in., ,t ,,
March 8, 1874. Publishing offices at 2420 Grant Street, Omaha. Nebr Saturday, Apnl 21, 1945 ★ 10c Per Copy ★ Our 18th Year, No. 11
-- —r=--=rrr=i. ... .ja -—. . "■ 1 1 . .. ..— 1 ..—.— .. ... .-----—-" 11 -.■- 111 -
Does U. S. Mean To CO-operate In Collective Security?
Congressional Delay c
Might Lead Other
Nations to Think So ..
Says Christian Council
New York City: Pledging full
support of the Bratton Woods Mone
tary Agreement, the United Christ
ian Connell for Democracy today
warned churchmen over the nation
that indefinite delay in Congress
ional approval might lead other nat
ions to conclude that the United
' States does not really mean to coop
erate in a full program of collective
(•ailing the dual International plan
• an absolutely necessary foundation
stone In the structure of world co
operation we must build," the Coun
cil declared that the Administration
and the leaders in Congress have
placed the issue in the hands of the
people of the country to decide.
•■Members of Congress haven't heard
enough from home," the Council
says, so that April 25 and Han
Francisco draw near with this nat
ion's attitude on Bretton Woods still
in doubt. “It is urgent that the mll
Qllnns of American citizens, realiz
ing that an extensive and reliable
world trade l8 essential to full em
ployment and economic security at
home and abroad, should quickly ex
press their support of the Fund and
Bank to their representatives in the
The Council has sent to 10,000
' O church leaders over the nation a
C; statement of the pros and cons of
the world monetary proposal from
the religious viewpoint drawing a
conclusion in favor of both the Fund
and the Bank. The statement notes
the criticism of the Fund now cur
rent among certain of the bankers,
who argue that it is a new and un
tried proposal and very risky bus
iness for the II. S. The Council con
tends that the real reason for the
opposition to the Fund on the part
of some big bankers “more nearly
revolve around the apparent fact
■ hat under the operations of the
Fund they are likely to have less
voice, indeed, less control than for
merly when, in combination with
financial and governmental Interests
of other nations, it has been possible
to direct adjustments In currency
exchange* to their own advantage."
The object of the International
Monetary Fund, say the Fnlted
Christian Council for Democracy
churchmen, is to eliminate the econ- |
omir warfare, of the past which has
been waged with the weapons of in
ternational exchange. It is main
tained that "unscrupulous manipul
0 «fton” of currency in the past has j
put unearned profits in the hands of
the few, tending in the long run,
however, "to restrict the flow of
trade and thus to depress the living
standards of the majority of the
people in any nation which, for one
reason or another, permits a deval
uation of if* currency". "Could any
thing be more unsound than a return
to the practice of the Thirties? By
these munipulatave atrategems for
■profit' war becam# inelfttable >*es
terday and, tf continued, will be in
evitable tomorrow."
In urging progressive rhurchmen
to communicate with Senators and
Congressmen asking immediate rati
fication by the Congress of the
Bretton Woods Agreement, the
J Council's report concludes: "As
Christian citizens we recognize the
solidarity of the people of all nations
It cannot be well with any of us un
til il is well with all of us. The deep
scars of an apallingly devastating
war may hardly find complete heal
ing in our time. But surely a con
siderable healing for the nations is
to he found in world cooperation
which restores financial stability
arid makes available the resources
for material reconstruction where
ever there is need."
The six national unofficial church
organisations cooperating in the
Fnlted Christian Council for Dem
ocracy are: Evangelical A- Reformed
Council for Social Reconstruction,
A A ACP Mourns Passing
of Franklin D. Roosevelt
In a wire to President Harry S.
Truman, the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored
People paid tribute to the late
I*reirfdeni Franklin Delano Roosev
elt, and pledged continued support
for full realization of the objectives
for which he stood. Over the site
nature of Walter White, NAACP ex
ecutive secretary, the wire read:
In respect to the memory of Mr.
Roosevelt, the National Office NAA
CP well be closed April 14. (
Roosevelt Truman
1 -4-+ ----X--~*±r
K " " " « m
Five Thousand Omahans
Join in Roosevelt Rites
Program Here Aired
Throughout Land
By Lawrence Youngman
Five thousand Omahans joined
in solemn reverent tribute to
Franklin D. Roosevelt at memorial
services at the City Auditorium
Sunday afternoon.
The formal program paid tribute
to the late President in music,
eulogy and military ritual. The
thousands of neighbor-next-door
ordinary Omahans paid their last
homage by coming downtown to
attend the ceremony on a dreary
April afternoon. They seemed to
represent a cross-section of Omaha.
The dominant feature of the
scene was a huge portrait of Mr.
Roosevelt on velvety black cur
tains at the back of the stage.
Beneath the portrait was a row
of United Nations flags.
Services Take Part
Thirty minutes of the program
was broadcast over a network
hookup of 123 stations. The pro
gram was impressive, though the
time of preparation was short.
Principal speakers were Maj.
Gen. C. H. Danielson, commander
of the Seventh Service Command;
Msgr. E. J. Flanagan of Boys
To ,n and Mayor Dan B. Butler.
The obituary was read by T. Sgt.
William Johnston of the Seventh
Service Command. Dan Gross,
commander of Omaha Post No. 1,
largest American Legion post, was
' The American Legion color
guard, which advanced and retired
the colors, was augmented by rep
resentatives of the Army, Navy,
Marinos and Coast Guard, includ
ing a WAC. f WAVE, an Army
nurse, a SPAR and a woman ma
Pra'ces LeadsThip
1 Taps for Mr. Roosevelt were
p’ayed by Mai. R. W. Edwards of
'.bi Salvotb n Army, a member of
American Legion Post No. 1 band.
T'-\'. band, under direction of Dr.
Y7. IT. McNicbols. played a 15
m r.ufc errcert before the formal
Chore’ numbers included: Bort
mr ' •'Cierr’-ir •»,” by Seventh
' ' c m-nand rherus. directed
’ vT. ’s’i Ac-p]rrin; “Steal Away,”
"c"-n by Good Will
Presbyterian Fellowship for Social
Action. Unitarian Fellowship for
Social Justice. Church League for
Industrial Democracy (Episcopal),
Methodist Federation for Social Ser
vice, ItauBchenbusch Fellowship of
1 l These are all unofficial church
; associations)
I (See Editorial pajje 7)
Spring Chorus, directed by C. L.
McVay, and "America” and "The
Lord’s Prayer," directed by Leo
Kopp. The latter number was Mr. ,
Kopp’s arrangement
Two solos, “Just for Today” and i
"God Bless America,” were sung
by Grace Nelson McTieman.
In his farewell to the Com
mander-in-Chief, General Daniel
son declared that Mr. Roosevelt’s
wise and inspiring leadership and
his farseeing grasp of the great
strategic problems of total war
were decisive factors leading to the
nation’s success in battle.
Compared to Moses
"Now the flaming sword of hu
man liberty has fallen from his
lifeless hand. It is ours to seize
and hold aloft again as soldiers
all who see a beloved comrade
fall beside them and must yet go
on without him.
“We cannot let our efforts lag
now. Our unremitting determina
tion to bring the war to a success
ful conclusion and to win the peace
to come should be our best memo
rial to our fallen chief. That is
General Eisenhower’s pledge to the
new Commander in Chief. It
should be our pledge.
"Our ranks are closed. The
command still is: ‘Forward’.”
Monsignor Flanagan, friend of
Mr. Roosevelt, compared him to
Moses, who led the people of Israel
through perils and hardships, but
died before they entered the prom
ised land. President Roosevelt, he
said, was not spared to rejoice In
the victory over totalitarian au
Achievements Cited
He cited Mr. Roosevelt’s achieve
ments in saving the nation’s finan
cial system, and in establishing the
social security program. He said
that the transforming of the nation
from peace to a world arsenal was
one of the the greatest achieve
ments of the century. “Perhaps
he made mistakes,” said the mon
signor, “but who doesn’t? His
mistakes, if any, were of the
Mayor Butler said that Mr.
Roosevelt was more than President
and Commander in Chief. “He was
our friend as well,” he said. The
President's greatest desires were
for winning the war and establish
ing a permanent peace, he added,
and the people can best pay trib
ute to him by carrying on toward
these goals.
War Department Order
Brig. Gen. Paul X. English, chief
of staff. Seventh Service Com
mand, read the War Department's
Genera! Orders No. 29, by Secre
tary of War Stimson, announcing
to the Army the death of President
Roosevelt. In part it said:
“The Army is deeply grieved at
the untimely death of our Com
mander in Chief. He prepared us
to meet the savage onslaught ot
our enemies and he led us through
the bitterness of our early rever
sals. His unwavering courage in
the face of overwhelming odds, his
abiding faith in the final triumph
of democratic ideals, and his clear
vision of the paths to be followed
were a source of constant inspira
tion. He gave the Army unstint
ingly of his strength and wisdom.
Although he leaves while there is
still much hard fighting ahead, the
ultimately victory has been fash
ioned of his heart and spirit.”
The invocation was by Dr.
Thomas R. Niven and the benedic
tion of Rabbi David Goldstein.
I The program was sponsored by
a Mayor’s committee, representing
ithe armed forces and civic, p«
itriotic and labor groups.
Last Rites Paid Rcosevelt in Rati onv/ide Memorial Services Sunday
. _ ,. .. .. •■v.-.-.v.
Memorial services were held
throughout the ration and in all
the nUited Nations Sunday as the
l;edy of America’s war-time Presi
dent was laid to rest on the grounds
of the Roosevelt ancestral home at
Hyde Parkf N. Y Shown above is a
scene at Omaha’s City Auditorium
Sundajr afternoon as five thousand
persons representing: a cross section
of the city, attended the memorial
rites for Frankin Delano Roosevelt
On the stage (background) are civ
ic and military leaders who took
part in the ceremony, a part of
which was broadcast over a nation
al network.—World Herald Photo.
Wm, L, Patterson Makes Address At Rome Hotel
President of Abraham c
Lincoln School of Adult
Education Speaks on
“Negro in Post War
World” -
Those who were not present at
the dinner given by the Worker’s
Club at the Rome Hdtel last Friday
evening, April 13, 1945, missed a
very rare treat. Over 150 guests
assembled for dinner and the lec
ture which followed.
Mrs G. Aneita Blackburn, chair
man of the evening, graciously in
troduced Mr C. C. Galloway, pub
lisher of the Omaha Guide: Mr and
Mrs. Warren Batterson, Mr Bat
terson being a returned war veter
an of world war II; Mrs. Henriet
ta Bursch, one of the outstanding
leaders in South Omaha; Mr. Thom
as E Hayes, a business man and
actually associated with the rank
and file movement in labor; Mr.
Fred Kudeem, leader in the IWO
and Labor Circles and Mr. and Mrs
Hiram D. Dee, Mr. Dee is Presi
dent of the Realty Improvement
Company, builders of the Bedford
Park and Roosevelt Garden Homes.
The above persons were seated at
the speakrs' table Mrs Blanch
lee Wright and Mr Dick Lewis solo
ists for the evening were also in
troduced tc the group. Their ren
ditions added to the enchantment
of the evening Mrs Wright sang
“Danny Boy” and "Soon My Troubl
es will be Over.” Mr. Lewis sang
one of President Roosevelt’s favor
ite numbers "Home on the Range”
and he also rendered a number ded
icated to the soldiers in service,
“Wonder When My Baby's Coming
Home.” The group singing of "The
More We Get Together", “Marching
Along Together” and “God Bless
America” served to put all present
in a relaxed, receptive mood.
The few moments set aside at the
beginning of the program to pay
tribute to our deceased President,
and to extend sympathy to his fam
ily, was impressive in its quiet sol
emnity. The singing of "America"
—a moment for silent mediation
followed with a prayer, by Mr
Thomas E Hayes and a pledge by
(ft^jpContinued on page 8).
No Order Issued Restrict
ing Soldier, and Sailors
in Omaha Area...
Army Service Command
Hdqtrs 7th Service Command
Omaha 2, Nebraska
April 11, 1S45
Rev. J. E Blackmore President,
Oma"ha Branch, KAACP
2418 Grant Street,
Omaha, Nebraska.
Dear Reverend Blackmore:
This will acknowledge receipt of
your letter of April 9, 1945 regard
ing the existence of a military or
der restricting the movement of
soldiers and sailors on Davenport
Street in Omaha.
You are advised that no such or
der is in existence nor is one con
templated. Apparently, your or
j ganization has received an erron
' eous report based on rumor with no
i basis of fact Sincerely
Major General, USA,
Almighty and most merciful Father of
all maniknd. We thank Thee that Thou
has vouchsafed to us another opportunity
to work together, men of all nations, that
we may in the spirit of obedience to Thy
holy laws, seek to bring Thy kingdom, in
which all men are brothers, to reign on
Grant, we pray Thee, wisdom to those
who are about to meet in solmen conclave.
Keep their minds ever alert to Thy call.
Their hearts free from selfish ambitions,
and from personal pride. Fill them with
Thy spirit. Let Thy love for all men, Thy
sons, motivate their actions. May Thy
truth be ever before them—a cloud of
smoke by day and a pillar of fire by night,
to guide their thoughts and speech.
Give to them understanding and patience
and above all the willingness to seek a way
out from the recurrent threat of war and a
way in to a world of peace and prosperity
for all men.
Grant to us, the humble folk of the earth,
loyalty to Thy will. Keep our minds clear
so that not by any careless speech of ours
may we hamper or hinder their deliberat
ions. Accept ou daily prayers for them as
they work to seek, a common understand
ing and a common goal.
We ask Thy blessing upon this Confer
ence and upon those who represent us.
May they be given strength and! courage to
do their duty to the glory of Thy holy
Name. AMEN.
White Warns II. S. Must Wake
Up te Happenings in Paeifie
NEW YORK—“Thousands of Am
ericans have died and billions of
American dollars have been spent in
! the Pacific to oust the Japanese—
apparently ' only to restore the re
captured islands to the European
powers which ruled and exploited
these areas and their populations
before the war,” declared Walter
White, New York Post war corres
pondent on his return here today
from a four-months. 36,000 mile'
tour of the Pacific theatres of war
“Many more lives will be lost
and more dollars spent before Jap
anese imperialism and aggression
are crushed. But it was disheart
ening to find everywhere calm ac
ceptance of the fact that no other
course is even thought of except
to reestablish colonial empire. The
rights of native peoples to share in
the benefits of raw materials and
their own labor are completely un
thought of, except by the natives
themselves. Their poverty, phys
ical condition and educational dis
advantages are a terrible indictment
of their British, Dutch and French
exploiters!. They are bewildereki
/gSI HI -r k I n - ;To Renew your 1945
(1 Election News on rage 5;
- Hoping For His Early Return Overseas 2 Years
Mrs. Hattie Webb Private First Class, Alfred C. Webb
Pfc. Alfred C. Webb, 161iy2 Maple, now stationed in France, has been overseas for two years. Mrs.
Hattie Webb, his wife, hears from Mr. Webb often and is hoping for his early return. Mrs. Webb re
sides with her aunt, Mrs. Laura Winston at 161iy2 Maple street.
USO Director To
Attend Institute
The 24th Street USD has been
specially honored by selection of the
director Joseph P. Mosleyto attend
the staff institute for professional
USO workers to be held at Kanses
State College, Manhattan, Kansas
from April 24th to May 3rd. Mr.
Mosley is one of the 39 professional
workers selected from Regions 8, 9
and 11 who will attend the institute.
Nebraska Alumni
Boost MeHarry Fund
Dr J J Jones is all smiles and
WHY NOT? He has just proven
himself very efficient in the art of
raising funds as well as the “tooth
pulling” business.
You jsee. Dr Jones has been, ap
pointed the Commissioner for Ne
braska in securing funds for the
building of an Alumni Hall on the
MeHarry Campus. Fortunately
all of the Nebraska Alumni are
practicing in Omaha, but it took a
bit of doing to contact and get re
sponse from six out of seven.
Each Alumnus was asked to give
$110, including Annual dues. The
amount raised was $660. Among
the donors were: Dr D W. Good
en; Dr G. B Lennox, Dr A L
Hawkins; Dr Wesley Jones, and
Dr J. J. Jones
(More MeHarry News on page 5»
and dismayed that winning a w:^
for ‘freedom’ means no change in
their status
,‘Before it is too late the govern
ment and people of the United Stat
es must wake up to what is hap
pening in the Pacific and make it
clear to allies and enemies alikej
that we are not fighting this war
to restore colonial systems which
inevitably will breed another war
Mr Churchill announced recently
that the question of colonials will
(continued on page JSgp’S)
D. C rooms
Takes Over
Brown’s Post
At a recent meetinK of the Exe
cutive Bojjrd of Directors of the
Omaha Urban UeaKue, 2213 D&ke St.
Mr. Dutvard Grooms, Boys' Work
Director of that Institution, was
appointed Acting Executive Secret
ary of the Omaha Urban UeaKue to
fill the post vacated by Mr. Ray
mond R Brown who has gone to
Ohio to take up similar work there.
Mr. Grooms, a Kraduate of the U
niversity of Kansas, came to our
city from Kansas, on July 1, 1944,
and has since made many friends
and acquaintances. He has worked
for the past year under Mr. Brown's
tutelage and is now well versed in
the functions of the office and the
work. Good luck to you, Mr.
Crooms. Mr. Grooms is the son-in
law of Rev. and Mrs David Saint
Clair of Mt. Moriah Baptist Church
Omahan Passes
Mrs. Pearl M Alexander, 2312 N
27th avenue, died Tuesday at a local
hospital following a long illness.
Mrs. Alexander had been a resident
of Omaha many years Survivors:
son, Cecil Alexander and wife; two
sisters, Mrs Nellie Dansby of Chi
cago, 111., Mrs. Alma Betts of Iron
ton, Ohio; nephew Walter David
Justice of Chicago, 111.
Rev. C. C. Reynolds
Returns to Clair Chapel
For His Fifth Year
At the close of the Conference last
Sunday afternoon at Centennial
Methodist hurch, Kansas City, Mo,
Bishop Edward W Kelly reappoint
ed the Rev C. C Reynolds to the
pastorate of Clair Church for his
Fifth year Bishop Kelly paid high
compliments to Rev Reynolds for
his fine report at the Conference
Clair Church was one of the Blue
Ribbon Churches of the Conferenc
es, having raised its full Crusade
Quota of eight hundred and sixty
three dollars, along with the reg
ular Benevolences
M rs. Alberta Jones was the lay
delegate to the Conference from the
Clair ME Church Others who at
tended were: Mrs C C Reynolds,
Miss Versie Winston, Dr Wesley
Jones, Mrs. Georgia Goosby, Mr
and Mrs Cornelius Bennett, Mr
A L Reynolds and Mr Clarence
Reynolds Jr., Mrs Bell Taylor
Rev Reynolds will be happy to
greet the members and friends of
Clair at the Morning Service this
coming Sunday, April 22 Re
ports from the Conference will be
made by Delegate Mrs Jones and
others, and Rev Reynolds will