The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, October 18, 1941, City Edition, Image 1

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Entered as Second-Class Matter at The Post Office, Omaha, Nebraska, a a j a. i_ 5
Under Act of March 8,1874-Business Phone: we. 1517_Umaha> Nebraska, Saturday, October 18, 1941 OUR 14th YEAR—No. 31 City Edition, 5c Copy
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S Feted by AKA’s
The AKA Sorority gave a recep
tion last Wednesday evening, at
the residence of Walter Irvin, 30thj
and Binney St., in honor of Etta
Moten, who appeared in concert at
Council Bluffs, la.
The Alpha and Kappa fraternit
ies and their wives were guests.
AME. Church
The AME. Church Conference
was held in Omaha this week at St.
John’s AME. Church. It was one of
the most successful in many years.
And the local churches of this creed
should feel justifiable pride.
Here and elsewhere in the coun
try this denomination has rendered
fine service to the Colored People and
the Nation.
From its beginning, it has insist
ed upon the recognition of the sacred
nless of human personality of members
of the Colored Race. And for more
than a century this CHURCH has
functioned and grown; her sons and
daughters have won distinction in ev
ery field of human service. Through
what they have done and given, mil
lions of men and wnmen have grown a
little better and have moved a little
closer to the God who Gave Them.
Its greatest work must be done in
the years which lie ahead. The pion
eers who laid the foundations and
built the edifice to its present height,
pass on to you who live and love and
work for the TOMORROW the CROSS
The lands in three-fourths of the
world are bathed in blood and tears.
And millions of men and women in
their extremity are asking: Art Thou
Dead, 0 God, OR FLOWN AFARE”.
Faith is waning and in the place of
love and service, stands the twin mon
ster of murder and hate.
The AME. Church has its great
opportunity and responsibility in this
day when war IS KING. Our hope is
that this institution will make sure
that CHRISTIANITY throughout the
coming years shall never lack champ
ions of its cause.
Memphis, Oct- 14 (ANP) Judge
Kinkle of city court here Tuesday
levied fines of $102 ogainst a one
armed women after she had ad
mitted striking four small white
(See Page Three)
win«mni«MiiiHiiiiiiii unmminiiiHiiiii mu mu iiiimui im
j October 20th-25th
boys with a heavy leather strap in
front of her home Monday night.
The woman, Florence McKee,
was fined $51 each on charges of
assault and battery and disturbing
the peace- She admitted giving
the 8-year old boys a “strapping”
but insisted she did not hit them,
hard. He claim was that she had
administered the blows because
the boys came back to play in her
yord after she had run them away
According to the estimony of
the boys, they had returned to the
yard to look for three pennies
they had dropped in front of the
woman’s home and she struck
them across their backs with a
strap and told them to get away.
The boys were accompanied to
court by their parents.
Minneapolis, Oct. 14 (by J. W.
Pate for ANP)—More than 600
persons witnessed a heated con.
troversy whtn they attended a cit
izen’s ma»s meetifng Sunday at
Phyllis Wheatley Settlement house
sponsored b ythe Minnesota Negro
Defense Committee- The princip
les in the verbal battle were Jon
as Schwartz ,white and Lawrence
A. Oxley, supervisor of racial re
lations unit, U- S. Bureau of Em
ployment Security, Washington.
Mr. Oxley gave a summary of
the work of his department in the
fight for Negro jobs in the defense
program He referred to the
President’s executive order against
discrimination and the urgency of
Negro trainng ond made an appeal
that Negroes not resent the many
^upleasant obstacles that1 may
be thrown in their path.
Atty. Schwartz, who is a liberal
Jew, was invited by the chairman
of the meeting to make a few re
marks. He criticized the attitude
of the Negro government officials
and stated that Oxley knew that
very little would be done because
of the insincerity of those control
ling the set-up. Schwartz further
disagreed with Oxley in his praise
of the Ford motor company’s hir
ing of Negroes on a percentage
basis according to population.
He said, “I believe if five jobs
are open and there are five com
petent Negroes available, they
should have the jobs irrespective
of racial population”.
He concluded his criticism by
stating if those Negro government
paid officials were sincere about
this discrmuaton break down they
would resign from their jobs in
two weeks after they were employ
ed or force a change of condition.
Mr. Oxley apparently became
angry as he interrupted Mr. Sch
wartz’ and challenged him to a
debate, called him a demogogue,
and exclaimed, “I know better
Jews than you”!
The chairman severely criticized
Mr- Oxley for his improper man
ner of interrupting the speaker
and defended the right of Schwartz
to state his opinion on the speak
er’s views.
The citizens were openly divided
on the question of who was right
in the heated controversy.
Washington, Oct. 14 (APN) —
Defending its action in blocking a
contract award to a CIO union and
awarding it to an AFL union,
OPM finds itself on a hot spot
with Rep. Smith of Virginia declar
ing the aW|ard delay. ‘‘The most
brazen, bold and outrageous effort
to defraud the United States gov
ernment of which I ever heard.”
He called for indictments against
the AF of L and an unnamed 0
PM official and said that the a
greement which had given AF of
L the rights to all construction
work in the defense program had
the efftct of giving that body a
monoply on all federal construct
This is the same agreement
which the ANP pointed out last
week prevented Negro building
trade workers from participating
in the vast defense building pro
gram. Carpenters especially are
thrown out of work on account of
this agreement.
In high OPM quarters, however
the charge of monopoly was den-*
ied, officials pointing out that the
qfaabfclization agreement; specific
ally permitted award of construc
tion contracts to non-AF of L con
Negroes are watching further
developments and awoiting the out
come. If the CIO, charged with
raiding the AF of L building trad
es union, wins this fight, there will
be a change in building methods
which is not acceptable to the an
ions, it is believed
New York— Ad- H
dressed personally I
to Prime Minister I
Winston Churchill,
a letter setting for- I
th five types of dis 1
crimination on the I
part of British a- |
senses operating m
dispatched b^’ plm N° ANSWER
American Clipper
Sept. 26, by the National Associa
tion for the Advancement of Col
ored People.
The letter, written by Walter
White, NAACP. executive secret
ary, urges that the British and A
merican governments make the
four freedoms apply to the color
line and that the five types of dis
crimination and other demarcat
ions based on color or race be im
mediately wiped out.
Publicity on the letter was with
held until this week because of the
custom of not revealing contents
of communications to the head of
a government until the communi
catins to the head of a government
until the communication has had
on opportunity to be received and
acted upon.
Five days after the letter was
dispatched, Colonel R. L. Benson,
military attache of the British
Embassy in Washington, called
the NAACP national office by long
distance expressing great concern
•ver it and particularly over the
case of Dr. Walter King, cited as
an instance of prejudice. No copy
of the letter was sent the Embas
sy, but copies were received by the
Americon Red Cross and the Brit
ish War Relief Society.
During the conversation Mr.
Benson stated that he would like
to “get to the bottom of things a
little more’ ’and asked for a copy
of the letter.
After pointing out the import
ance of America’s 13 million Ne
gro citizens in the national life
and saying that the sucession of
discriminatory acts on the part of
these British agencies are ‘build
ing bitter resentment against
Greot Britain among certain ele
ments of the population of the Un
ited States, “the five known cases
where Negroes were discriminated
against were listed.
First was mentioned the refus
al of the British Air Commission
Washington, D. C. to accept Char
les M. Ashe, fully qualfied comm
ercial pilot and instructor, as a
ferry pilot solely because of his
color. Ashe volunteered for the
service and after repeated evas
ions wos told on September 15 by
Captain J. D. Muford of the RAF
Ferry Command, British Air Com
mission, Washington, that no Ne
gro would be accepted for ferrying
I bombers. Captain Mugford sent!
Ashe a copy of the minimum re
quirements for pilots and co-pilots
issued by the RAF Ferry Comm
and, the ninth of which reads: “All
applicants must be of the white
I race.”
Second case of discrimination
pointed out to Mt. Churchill was
that of Dr. Walter W. King of
New York City In reply to urg
ent appeals recently made for Am
erican doctors to come to England
to minister to the wounded there,
Dr King volunteered through the
[ American Red Cross. He was ii
formed by Dr G. D, Williams,
Medical Administrative Assistant
of the Red Cross, in a letter dated
May 23:
“It is true that only White cit
izens of the United States ore eli
gible for the Doctors for Britain
project. The American Red Cross
did not set the standards which
Keep ‘Em
“Keep ’Em Flying” is a nation
al defense slogan and one which
deserves support. “Keep ’Em*
Smiling” might well be a home de
fense slogan, one which also des
erves support.
Because, that’s what the Com
munity Chest does on the home
front, it keeps them smiling....
those hundreds of children, 'll,
needy and aged who need the help
the Community Chest gives them.
And, that: “Keep ’em Smiling”
idea is working and geting sup
One thousand one hundred and
19 children ‘‘kept smiling” during
the first six months of 1941 oe
cause a lot of Omaha people con
tributed to the Community Chest
during the Campaign last year.
It’s taking $80,692 or 15.9 percent
of the Chest funds, to keep those
poor tykes smiling this year
Another $65,820 is being spent
this year in keeping the sick and
crippled smiling and happy. That
amount is spent by the Visiting
Nurse Association and the Ortho
pedic Association of Omaha from
Community Chest funds for health
services. It is 12.9 per cent of the
total Chest funds.
Family service and general de
pendency required $169,989 of tho
Chest funds, or 33.6 per cent, for
the care of aged and dependent.
Eight private welfare institutions
work with the Chest in this field.
A total of $144,365 or 28.8 per
cent, is being spent for youth ser
vices and for character building
with aid to such groups as the Boy
Scouts, the YWCA and others.
A small percentage, 2.8 percent
or $13,599, is spent for coordinat
ing services such as the Council'
of Social Agencies, the Omaha
Douglas County Health Council,
and the Social Service Exchange.
They work to prevent duplication
of aid by various private and pub
lic welfare agencies.
Six percent is all that is spent
for campaign and central office,
expense and all the rest—94 per- ■
cent goes for charity and charac- |
ter work.
These figures are all taken from
the report of services of the Om
aha Community Chest, mailed this
week to approximately 60,000 O
are being followed. The American
Red Cross is acting upon instruct
ions and cannot diviate from them
The NAACP letter continues—
“Touching appeals have been made
to Americans to contribute their
blood to bipod banks to be sent to
save the lives of men, women and
children in Great Britain, who,
without such aid, would die from
grievous wounds inflicted by Nazi
bombs. Instructions have come to
the United States from Great
Britain, we are informed, that only
‘white’ blood is wanted. Does this
mean that English men, women
and children wrould prefer dying to
living, if the balance in favor of
life is non-Aryan blood?”
The fourth of the instances of
British race prejudice states that
reputable newspapers here have
reported that the British Govern
ment asked the United States Gov
ernment to refuse to send any Ne
groes, regardless of qualifications
to help build naval and air bases
in islands of the British West In
dies and thot the charge was also
^nade on the floor of Congress.
The letter noted the denial of
the charges by the United States
Government but said that “the
plain facts are that visas are den
ied by British consulates to highly
qualified Amercan Negroes who
wsh to work in the British Carib
bean Islands. Other means, subtie
and otherwise, are used to discour
age American Negroes from apply
ing for work at these places.
‘‘This is all the more incredible
in view of the fact that the Negro
population of these islands consti
tutes from 90 to 95 percent of the
total. Does the British Govern
Womens Council To Hold Whitehouse Session
Ask Probe of TheA.f. of L.
Monopoly On Building Trades
2724 Lake Street, is very ill in bed,
at her home from ptomaine poison
ing, seemingly after eating her
lunch with a dish of pineapple in
the Tech High lunch room Tues
day noon.
Washington, Oct. 14 (ANP)—
The erection of a huge $35,000,
000 army biuiidng in Arlington,
▼a., will bring about a ticklish sit
uation for Negroes, with the se
gregated laws effecting the oper
ation of the new edifice
With some 20,000 persons work
ing for the war department, in
cluding hundreds of Negroes, get
ting to and from the building will
force workers to be jim crowed
and the same rules will be in op
eration in the building, it is fear
ed n many circles here
Going out of the district to put
mp this new building is an entirely
hew step in the annals of the de
Plans for the building indicate
the most modern innovations in
cluding a vast lobby similar to the
waiting rooms of railroad stations.
What to expect in the nature of
dressing rooms, toilet facilities and
cafeterias is awaited by organizat
ions opposed to such segregated
policies. They argue that the gov
ernment should not establish such
precedents but they also w'onder
what effect the state laws in Vir
ginia will have on the operation of
the new building.
Champagne, 111., Oct. 14 (ANP)
Bert Piggott, reserve fullback as
a sophomore last year on the Uni
versity of Illinois football team,
returned to the squad Monday af
ter being certified as eligible and
will be used as a substitute center,
according to Coach Zuppke. He
had been ineligible this year prior
to last week.
ment bar these American Negroes
lest the example of qualified Ne
groes filling executive and other
offcal postons arouse too great
ambton to do likewise on the part
of underprivileged Negro British,
subjects in these islands?”
The NAACP also said that as
far as it is able to learn, everyone
of the qualified Negro applicants
for employment with the British
Purchasing Commission at Wash
ington has been turned down. Dur
ing the hearings before the Con
gressional committee on motion
picture propaganda, witnesses tcs
tfied that the Purchasing Comm
ission also barred Germans, Jews,
and South Irish from employment
there. Spokesmen for the Cow
mision denied religious restrictions
1 but said nothing about color.
( The NAACP. told Churchill, —
“You have with unsurpased elo
| quence appealed to the peoples of
the world to help Great Britain
I destroy Hitler and Hitlerism an 1
to keep freedom from being ex
• ••
New York—The effect on color
ed workers of the virtual closed
shop agreement granted by the Of
fice of Production Managament to
the Biulidng Trades Union of the
American Federation of Labor,
was urgently requested for inclu
sion in the investigotion of mon
opolistic practices being conducted
by Thurman Arnold of the U. S.
Department of Justice, by the NA
ACP on October 10.
The NAACP pointed out the
grave importance of the matter to
Negro workers because many AFL
bjuildipg trade unions completly
deny membership to Negroes
through constitutional provisions,
ritual and other means.
In support of its request the As
sociation named specific instances
of exclusion by AFL unions in St.
Louis, in Milan, Tennessee, where
the Carpenter’s Local No. 259 of
Jackson, Tenn., refused to grant
clearance to any Negro worker in
spite of the expressed willingness
of the company to hire colored la
bor; in Chicago, 111., where Plum
bers Local No. 130 bars Negro
members, and in Joliet, 111., where
Local No. 17, Electricians Union
refused clearance to Negro elect
Others named were the Interna
tional Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners, Local 89, Mobile, Ala.,
Brotherhood of Painters, Decorat
ors and Paper Hangers, Baltimore,
Md., and Carpenters and Joiners of
Washington, D. C.
The NAACP said that prejudice
on the part of AFL labor unions
invades the aircraft industry and
quoted the ritual of the Internat
ional Association of Machinists,
contracted by Boeing Aircraft
Company, Seattle, Washington,
which says: ,
“I further promise that I will
never propose for membership in
this Association any other than a
competent white candidate”.
The same union is in control at
the Vultee Aircraft plant in Nash
ville, Tenn., and at neither plant
are Negroes doing production work
Through the same Machinists un
ion Negroes have been barred at
the Bethlehem Shipyards, San
Francisco, California.
The NAACP place responsibility
for clearing up the situation on the
government in view of the Presi
dent’s Executive order.
tinguished. You have in stirring
language denounced the racial the
ories on which Hitler has built a
sinister philosophy and a diabolic
war machine. But these instances
reveal that England is no :ess
guilty of racial arrogance than is
Nazi Germany unles the leaders of
the British Government summar
ily order the abolition of such dis
‘‘Such racial demarcation must
not only be abandoned during the
war, but the same freedom from
prejudice must be manifested at
the Peace Conference. Unless
such theories are abanodned, other
and ore destructive wars will tel
low as inevitably as the night does
the day.”
No answer has yet been reced
New York—A check for $100
from the Middle Tennessee Color
ed Teachers" association and an ?n
dividual contribution of $10 from
Miss Ernestine Hawkins of the
Anne Arundel County Teajchers*
Association were sent to the Na
tional Association for the Advance
I ment of Colored People last week
to be used in continuing the NAA
CP’s fight for equality for Negro
es in schools throughout the south.
First Class Private Ned Moore,
Jr., the son of Mr- and Mrs. Ned
Moore, is one of the graduates of
the Seventh Corps Area Motor
?; Washington, Oct. 14 (ANP) —
A two and a half hour session at
the White House on Thursday will
■highlight the 8th annual meeting
of the National Council of Negro
Women, according to Mrs. McLeod
Bethune, president of the organiz
ation which meets here this week.
In speaking of this particular
sessir" -' * * also hear Mrs.
P >me 600 w’omen
- the best minds
of the would be pres
ent to make ten minute speeches.
Included in the impressive ar
ray of nationally known figures
are Vivian Carter Mason, ranking
Negro in the department of pub
lic welfare in New ork City; Car
ita V. Roane, head of the Harlem
office of the New York State Em
ployment service; Sue Bailey
Thurman, speaking on cultural ac
tivities; Elsie Austin, national
president of the Delta Sigma Theta
sorority; Dorothy Height* execut
ive secretary of the Phyllis Wheat
ley YWCA. Also Earl Dickerson
of the Fair Employment Practice
Committee; Aubrey Williams, dir
ector of the NYA. Carol Brice,
rising young contralto, will render
several selections during the course
of the discussion.
Talks will be limited to 10 min
utes each- Mrs. Bethune will pre
side at this affair, which will end
with tea being served by Mrs
The invocation on this occasion
will be asked by the Rev. Robert
Williams of the Ashbury M. E>
The eighth annual conference
will get under way Wednesday
evening with the executive session
at the headquarters on O street.
Then flllowed in rapid succession
by the other meetings of the group
including the big public meeting
on Friday night at which time A.
A. Berle, assistant secretary of
state, will be the principal speak
Paul V. McNutt, of the Federal
Security agency, will speak Friday
Friday night’s dinner meeting
will hear Walter White of the NA
ACP.; Mrs. Frances Payne Bolton,
congresswoman from Ohio; and
findings of the entire group meet
ings, presented by Sarah Palham
Speaks, New York attorney. Mrs.
Julia West Hamilton is chairman;
of this meeting.
Prominent women from all parts
of the country are expected to take
part in the discussions, centering
around the defense program.
Guests of honor at the dinner
aneeting will include Gen. B- O.
Davis,. Congressman Arthur Mit
chell and several distinguished
women whose names had not been
submitted at press time.
Growing stronger as each year
brings the conference to Washing
ton, Mrs. Bethune proudly poinis
cut that already there are some
600 women registered and paid
their fees for the meetings, com
pared with 432 last year.
While most of the program will
be cevoted to women speakers,
many noted men will appear. Of
particular interest will be the
round table discussion which
brings before the body the colored
beads of the various government
al departments, who will answer
questions put them by the women.
Government officials themselves
are looking forward to this import
ant conference which brings to
gether representatives of more
than 20 various Negro organizat
ions in a combined effort where,
as Mrs. Bethune so aptly phrases
it, “The We can help the you and
I solve many of the problems con
fronting the Negro in America to
Transport School of the Seventh
Corps Area Quartermaster Ml tor
School Depot, United States army.
Ned Moore, Jr., is the only O
maha, Nebraska boy of our group
to graduate in the present Octob
er school. He will now rejoin the
10th Cavalry at Fort Riley, Kans
as, where he will be on special
duty as a result of his acquired
knowledge of the Motor Servic?,
which is more and more becoming