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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (May 25, 1935)
and Clarence Norris
(Continued from Page 1)
ty jail, :n Birmingham, where the
other seven boys are now held.
Jackson county officials, voicing
their determination to continue their
efforts to bum the Scottsboro boys at
all costs and regardless of evidence,
have announced that they would fol
low the mandate of the U- S. Su
preme Court at least technically, by
placing a Negro on the panel from
which the grand jury is drawn to re
indict the Scottsboro boys—though
showing quite clearly that they have
no intention of permitting any Ne
groes to actually serve.
New York—Pointing out that with
the determination of the Alabama
lynchers to prosecute the Scottsboro
boys to their death, they are now in
greater danger than ever before.
Anna Damon, acting national secre
tary of the International Labor De
fense called yesterday for a greater
campaign than ever before, directed to
Governor Bibb Graves, Attorney
General Albert A. Carmichael, and
Lieutenant - Governor Thomas E.
Knight, special prosecutor of the
Scottsboro boys, demanding that there
shall be no re-indictments of the boys,
and that they be set free without con
dition. All three officials are in
Funds to push the campaign and
legai steps for the freedom of all nine
boys, and especially for the hearing
in juvenile court for the two youngest
defendants, are desperately needed,
she said, to safeguard the fight for
their release. They should be sent to
the International Labor Defense,
Room 610, 80 East 11th Street, New
Pullman Board of
Directors to Hold
(Continued from Page 1)
America, and has come to the point
where it has caused a national elec
tion to be called to determine the or
ganization the porters really want.
Now the election will be secret and
off Pullman property. On the ballot
will be the names of the Brotherhood
of Sleeping Car Porters and the Pull
man Porters and Maids Protective As
sociation or the Company Union. The
Pullman Company caused the Pullman
Porters and Maids Protective Asso
ciation to be formed when the amend
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ment to the Railway Labor Act by the
73rd Congress killed the old company
union known as the Plan of Employee
Representation. The law does not al
low railroad companies to finance em
ployees’ organizat cns and so this
new company union was planned to
oome within the law from the point of
view of appearance. The Company,
however, is financing the Pullman
Porters and Maids Protective Associa
E-cause cf the great significance of
this election to Pullman porters in
particular and the race in general, I
am herewith requesting that you
write an editorial on it in your splen
did paper- The porters who have
suffered, sacrificed and struggled to
conquer the Pullman monopoly will be
grateful for your cooperation- When
the Brotherhood wins this fight, it
will probably be the most significant
economic victory and stride of sub
stantial and constructive progress the
Negro has made in history.
The story is yet to be written of the
great sacrifices that were made to
bring this fighting organization to this
point where we are quite certain of
winning the fight.
If the porters, who are the vanguard
of the black workers of America, feel
that their press, church and educa
tors are backing them, it will mean
much to their morale when they face
the organized millions of the Pullman
The election will last from the 27th
of May to the 22nd of June and will
be held in 66 districts and agencies
from coast to coast, throughout the
A. Philip Randolph,
Dining Car Waiters’
Confer With Officials
Mr. Clarence Johnson, of Los
Angeles, California, is in the city
in the interest of he Protective
Order of the Dining Car Waiters.
This is Air. Johnson’s second trip
to Omaha, and the direct purpose
of his visit this time is to mediate
with the Union Pacific Board on
the effective hours of work,
, wages and other conditions.
Mr. Johnson’s stay here is in
definite, depending on the pro
gress made wi.h the carrier and
agent of the mediation board.
Mr. Johnson is residing with
his sister, Mrs. Ella Matthews,
2829 Ohio Street. She is the wife
of Detective U. S. Matthews.
Mr. Johnson stated that he is
glad to be back again and is
deeply impressed with both Oma
ha and its citizens. He hopes
that his return trip will be a suc
cess and of interest to the group
of board members and Dining
Mr. Bell, president, Mr. John
son and Mr. Long, general secre
tary, constitute the conference
Police Court Dispute
(Continued from Page One)
merit’s drive on workers’ rights,
Jerome Watson, Daily Worker
igent, was arrested Saturday
night on his regular route, on a
a charge of vagrancy. His bail
.vas set at $1000 by Judge Holmes,
only afew minutes after the
iudge had made his attack upon
he police chief for the chief’s
high-handed and arbitrary treat
ment of prisoners.
Since these arrests represent an
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attack upon the rights of all
workers to demonstrate, picket, ■
distribute leaflets and sell work
ing class literature, the I. L. D. j
is appealing to all workers or
ganizations and their sympathiz
ers to par icipate in a broad j
united front defense campaign. I
Conditions in The
New York—(CNA)—Shocking evi
dence of the wide-spread discrimina
tion existing in Harlem city schools j
was brought out at the hearing be-1
fore a sub-committee of the Mayor’s
commission last Wednesday
A rumble wrent through the audience
when W’illiana Burroughs, a former
city school teacher and a leader of the
League of Struggle for Negro Rights,
charged that discrimination was the
“practice and policy” of the Board of
Education and the La Guardia admin
Negroes Barred From Offices
Miss Burroughs testified that there
is no Negro member of the Board of
Education, no Negro principal and no
Negro teacher in any city college.
Because of her courageous fight
against discrimination in the school
system, Miss Burroughs was dis
charged after serving as a city teach
er for more than ten years. She is
one of the most brilliant students ever
graduated from Hunter College.
wnite rnncipal "Un spot”
Miss Louise Tucker, white, princi
pal of P. S. 90 in Harlem, after de
nying the terrible conditions under
which Negro children are forced to
attend school, was compelled to ad
mit that not enough free lunches are
provided by the Board of Education
for the Negro children at her school.
Under sharp questioning by Isa
dore Begun, of the Unemployed
Teachers Association, she stated that
the fire-trap school building where she
is principal was over thirty years old.
It was pointed out by other witness
es that although Miss Tucker knew of
the insufficient free lunches and the
unsanitary conditions in her school,
she had never made a complaint to
the Board of Education- On the ques
tion of overcrowding Miss Tucker ad
mitted that the number of children at
tending P. S. 90 was “twice as large
as it should be.”
Other facts brought out at the hear
ing disclosed discrimination against
advancement of Negro teachers, lack
of equipment and playgrounds, high
teacher turnover, lack of new build
ings, and tyranny in dealing with par
The session was held in the District
Street, in Harlem. It was presided
j over by Oswald Garrison Villard,
| Munioipal Court, 447 West 151st
chairman of the sub-comimittee on
Educational Conditions of Mayor La
i Guardia’s commission.
Philadelphia N. A. A.
C. P. Launches Drive
For New Members
Newspapers, Radio, Car Cards,
Movies, Mass Meeting’s Used
Philadelphia, May 23— The
-la est pnb'icity and selling meth
ods are being used by the local
branch of the National Associa
tion for the Advancement of Col
ored People in its city wide drive
to obtain 2000 members and raise
$2,500, which closes May 23.
Every possible means of publi
city has been uti'ized to bring
the campaign before the public.
News stories have appeared in the
daily and weekly newspapers, pla
cards have been, placed in a num
ber of street cars on the most
heavily travelled lines, fi'ms an
nouncing the drive have been
shown in four big theatres and
broadcasts have been made over
three radio stations, and speeches
were made in the principal
For the campaign, the metro
polis was divided into four dis
trict each in charge of campaign
chairmen. 'To spur the solicited,
three big prizes of all expense
trips to New York have been of
fered to the three workers bring
ing in the largest amounts in
memberships over $100. In ad
dition every worker bringing in
over $25 will receive a eopy of
James Weldon Johnson’s new
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That’s because Black and White Bleaching Cream
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For best results always
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| to the Crisis.
Dr. C. W. Dorsey is president
of the Philadelphia Branch and I.
Maximilian Martin is secretary.
The drive opened May 8, at a
meeting attended by fif.y volun
teer workers held at the South
west Y. W. C. A. when William
Pickens, na ional field secretary
of the Assoicatoin was the main
The following evening Mr.
Pickens publicly launched the j
campaign with an eloquent radio (
address over Station WFLL, in j
j which he .owl of the aims and
: achievements of the X. A. A. C.
P. which he ca led “te greatest
inter-racial organization in j
United Sabbath Day
Adventist Hold Confab
New York, N. Y.—With Elder
M. M. Boodle of the Omaha Sab
ath-Dav Church officiating as
vice president, the United Sab
bath-Day Adventists continued
their fif.h annual conference here
vith their Moderator outlining
the importance of their denomina
tion in Negro life, last Saturday.
Begun Friday last week, the
conference shall continue for ten
days, ending May 26th.
Delegates from four other large
cities, besides Omaha attended.
They came from Newburyport
and Bos on. Mass: Brooklyn, N.
Y., and Philadelphia.
According to their p’ans the
annual message of the Moderator,
Elder James K. Humphrey, leader
of the church, will be delivered
Sunday followed by a concert in
the evening. The week days will
be taken up with routine maiters
and the following Sunday will
be marked by a presentation of
‘‘The Final Judgement,” a play
taken out of the Book of Revela
tion in the Bible.
It shall be presented by Mrs. E.
L Bruce of this city.
Fredicts Lynch BUI
Shelving May Cost
Democrats Black Vote
Nc‘ed Wpshing on Correspondent
Says G. 0. P. "Will Make it
Washington, May 23.—-In hi?
Mr v 10 dis rtoh. Rodney Duteher.
noted Washington correspondent
for XEA service, predicts that the
shelving of the Cos igan-Wagne:
anti-lynching bid will be used ef
feetively by the Republican part?
to woo the Negro over back int
pivoal states in he 1936 Presiden
“A northern senator high in th<
Demorcatic councils,’’ he writes,
'remarked privately after die
burial of the Costigan-Wagner
1 anti-lynching bill by a southern
filibuster that if the 1936 election
were close, the episode might cost
his party eight or ten impor a.it
“He referred to the fact well
known among polidcians that the
Negro vote can exert a balance
of power in certain states—Mis
souri,, Kansas, Illinois, Indiana.
Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey
! and Maryland are usually named;
in close contests.
“The debts qualified guessers
• estimate that the Negro vote went
85 per cent for RooseveT in 1932,
whereas perhaps 80 per cent in
previous election years had been
cast for the Republican ticket.
“Negroes are more concerned
as a group with lynching than
with any other issue. Democratic
politicians now anticipate a Re
publican drive to convince them
that their ‘worst enemies’ control
the Democratic pariy.
“The southern filibustered,
however, were more worried
about their own jobs than abouc
Lynched in Mississippi
Hattiesburg, Miss—(CNA) —The
Chinese Wall of silence which sur
rounded the mysterious “suicide” of
R- J. Tyrone of a month ago was
broken here. It was revealed that
Tyrone had been lynched by a gang of
wealthy white landowners.
Tyrone, a local farmer, had been the
target of intimidation and persecu
tion for many months. A group of
rich white plantation owners headed
by William Evans had been attempt
ing to seize his prosperous farm lands.
On the night of March 22, Evans
provoked Tyrone into a fight. In self
defense, Tyrone shot Evans, slightly
wounding him. Evans then organized
a lynch mob and seized the farmer.
Three days later, Tyrone's body was
found riddled with bullets. A coro
ner’s jury returned a verdict of “sui
Tyrone’s family has been driven in
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A46, 145 W. 45th St-, N. Y.
to hiding by the threats of the lynch
ers. Friends have been forbidden to
provide them with food or shelter.
Lawrence county, where the lynch
ing took place, is known as the
“Slaughter Pen”, because of the num
erous murders of Negroes. The
death of Tyrone is the sixth reported
lynching of the year.
Defens Parade Held
In Harlem, N. Y.
ing a lively and militant interes.
in international affairs affsc ing
Negroes, the. Provisional. Com
mittee for the Defense of Ethio
pia staged a pro est parade and
mass meeting on May 2nd against
the invasion of Ethopia.
Parade Four Blocks Long.
The parade, led by cavalry
corps and band, was four blocks
long. Throngs cheered the pro
cession as it swung up Seven,.h
Avenue. Banners demanding,
“Hands offEthiopia ’’and urging
“Black Men Arise ’ were display
ed throughout the body of parad
The march ended at Abyssinian
Baptist, church where a large
crowd had gathered to greet the
The mass meeting in the church
was spirited and demonstrative.
Audience Stands and Cheers
One of the highlights of the
meeting was a dramatic reading
rendered by Madame Marion St.
Bishop. Attired in Ethiopian cos
tume, and reading with militant
dignity, a poem decrying the ant
Negro institutions in Auierca, she
brought the crowd of 2000 to ns
feet, cheering and stamping.
Speakers at the meeting in
ciuued Arthur Reid, Rev. A.
Clayton Powell Jr." A. W. Berry,
J. Alleyene and James W. Ford.
A. L. King ac.ed as chairman.
Bach speaker was frequently
interrupted by enthusiastic ap
. Warns Against U. S. Fascists .
Typical ox .he speeches was
that of A. W. Berry, in which he
said, •“me Negro people must be
vigilant against the direct and in
uiieel representatives of the
laiian fascists in America.”
basa itaiiana on the campus of
Columbia and Relief Director
v.orsi were named as representa
tives of Fascism. Berry declared
the “rainy season’’ lull would not
slow up the work of the commit
“Every day is a fair day for
us until the last shackle uiops
from the blacks ihe wor.d over
enslaved by imperialism,’’ Berry
Resolutions were adopted to be
sent to Mussolini, the New York
Italian consulate and the ltainm
Plans for organization of a
league to promote better relations
between American Negroes and
Negroes tnrougiiout me world
have been announced by the com
Negro Denied Visitors
In N. Y. State Prison
Auburn Prison, X. Y. —CXA—
‘1 am not going to let another
ore of you see Allen, so what?
I am Warden of this prison and
no organization in New York City
is going to tell me how to run
i.,” was the reply of Warden
Brophy to a request by two repre
sentatives of the International
Labor Defense, 10 see Clide Allen,
Allen was sentenced to 35 years
in the state penitentiary on
irumped-up charges of “rape.”
He was accused by the police of
being the mythical Brooklyn
“Hammer Man” who “attacks
whke women.’’ The International
Labor Defense is seeking a new
The refusal of the warden to
permit the I. L. D. representa
tives to visit Allen will be ans
wered by an intensified mass cam-q
paiign to free Clide Allen, the
I. L. D. stated.
Prinosers Maim Selves
To Prevent Torture
Austin, Texas —(CNA)—Admitting
that it found evidence of brutality to
Negro and white prisoners at the Re
rive state prison farm in South Texas,
a special legislative investigating com
mittee white-washed the prison offic
ials who are responsible for this bru
The investigation was brought about
by the house of representatives. They
appointed a committee of five after
certain allegations were made that
many prisoners maimed themselves
in order to escape further punishment.
The report made by the committee
stated that prisoners declared them
selves o have been beaten and kicked
by guards, and that one man had been
chaind to holes in the floor of a dor
mitory for the violation of certain reg
The committee further reported that
it made recommendations to prison of
ficials here, and that it had been in- j
formed that the recommendations are j
being carried out.
Rome, Italy — (CNA)—Mussolini,
fascist Italian dictator, has ordered an
increase of military preparations
against Ethiopia, last independent Ne
gro country in Africa.
Another fascist army division has,
been transported to Africa- There are
already two divisions stationed near
the border now. 150,000 Italian troops
are in arms for immediate warfare
The High Commissioner of Eritrea,
Italian owned territory, is mobilizing
native African troops to shoot down
their brothers in Ethiopia.
In Worst Crisis
Meantime, Italy is in the throes of
the greatest crisis in its history. Two
pay cuts have been forced on the Ital
ian workers by the Mussolini regime,
while the cost of living has jumped
20 per cent since the pay cuts.
The Italian working class is daily
showing its resentment to Mussolini’s
plans to seize Ethiopia. Mutinies
among the Italian troops in Africa are
growing, and the Italian masses at
home, under the leadership of the Ital
ian Communist Party, are increasing
their response to the slogan of “hands
5$ <L mm El M j. -iii' if • Mm
Court Uses Novelty to
Avoid Scottsbore Case
Judge Says Negro Must Prove
His “African Descent” When
Jury Question Is Raised
Wichita Falls, Texas—(CNA)—
Attorneys for Luke Creear, accused of
murder, are seeking to quash the in
dictment on the grounds of violation of
the Fourteenth Amendment.
Creear, a restaurant keeper, was in
dicted for the murder of his wife by a
grand jury composed exclusively of
Must Prove African Descent
In an effort to defeat the move of
the defense, th prosecution haled
Creear into court and went through
the solemn farce of making him
prove his African descent. Ordinarily
when a Negro is accused of any of
fense in Texas, his African descent
and strict punishment are taken for
Excluded From Jury Duty
Although Negroes constitute at
least ten per cent of the city’s popu
lation, they are rarely summoned for
There is but one school, located in
the slum district, for all the Negro
children. Thus, in a city which boasts
of its civic progress, several hundred
pupils must walk from one to three
miles in order to receive instruction.
Investigation of Crime
Brooklyn, N. Y.—(CNA)—Declar
ing that he “does not give a goddam
l for the Mayor”, District Attorney Mc
(Ginnis (white) refused to conduct the
.open hearing promised by Mayor La
j Guardia into the police murder of Au
1 he prcm.se of an open hearing
came as a result of a mass campaign
of protest organized by the League of
Struggle for Negro Rights.
The police department informed the
L. S- N. R. then that there would be
a public hearing in McGinnis’ office.
When a delegation of white and Negro
visited the District Attorney, he
sought to bulldoze and intimidate
them, and McGinnis refused to hold
Knight was shot down in cold blood
by the police on the morning of March I
26. He had just left the home of
friends at 547 Warren Street where ;
he had spent the evening. The po
lice claim that Knight had robbed a
store although the store-owner denied
there had been any attempt at burg
They further asserted that Knight
had been shot in the back “for at- j
tempting to escape”. An autopsy
showed four bullet wounds in the
chest, stomach and groin but none in
Mrs. Rose Lucky and Miss Cleota
King, have merged with Mr. Homer
McCraney, in the Ritz Beauty Salon.
Both Mrs. Sucky and Miss King are
Mr. and Mrs. Frai-jj Berrymoa*
2710 Erskme Street, arthe prouef
parents of a baby boy, bon- Wednes
day morning, 5 A- M. at home'.t Mrs.
Berrymon is under the care oif j)r
Herbert Wiggins. Both mother' an(j
son are daing nicely. v
The cosmetologist field is ever in
creasing, and seems to have a very
promising future. Mr- William
‘Bill’ Green, is taking up the art. He
expects to graduate soon, from the
Beauty School on Ohio Street.
7 Rooms modern Home Cheap.
Near 24th, and Lake Sts. Invest
ors Investigate. WE-1149.
Furnished Rooms for rent. We. 2303.
Unfurnished Rooms- We 1844.
Furnished Room for gentleman.
2215 N. 27th Avenue.
Furnished room for rent. WE. 4862.
f urnished Apt. 3 rooms. Gas and
electricity. Call AT. 1300.
2 room Kitchenette Apt. for rent, light
water and heat for the room fur
nished. Mrs. Johnson, 2914 No_
Furnished Apartments, Reasonable
LOVE’S Kitchenette apartment for
rent at 2518 Patrick Ave., 1702 N.
26 St., and 2613 Grant St. We. 5553
FOR RENT—Unfurnished room and
kitchenette, light, gas, heat, furnish
ed, 2909 No. 26th Street.
FOR RENT—Modern furnished rooms
Call WEbster 4042.
Two room apt. and use of kitchen
One 3 room apt. for rent. WE. 4044
or 1417 N. 24th Street.
Wig Making, Braids, etc., AT. 7356.
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