The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-????, July 13, 1906, Image 2

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Immigrants Enslaved.
The Italian immigrants and other la
borers sent to the south und west 'by
New York padrones are the victims of
cruel treatment and repression is one
pf the statements made by License
Commissioner John N. Pogart in the
annual report of the work of his of
fice, which he submitted to-day to
Mayor McClellan. Mr. Bogart reported;
"The Italian immigrants are too gen
erally the victims of tho padrone. It
Is characteristic of tho Italian Immi
grant that he looks with suspicion on
everybody but his own countryman,
and in him he puts a confidence that is
almost Incredible. The padrone has
practically Instituted clave system
among his countrymen. He hires the
immigrants by the hundred to go out
of the city to work on contracts and
obtains from the employing corpora
tion what is known as tho commissary
privileges; that is, he furnishes the
workmen with food and lodging, de-(
ducting the cost from tliei wages. As
the padrone is the sole' arbitrator of
the cost of these necessnries, it can be
imagined how much the Ignorant im
migrant obtains as the n?t result of his
labor. In recent cases brought to the
attention of the commissioner of li
censes it was shown that hundreds of
Italian Immigrants who believed they
were going to Philadelphia or Pitts
burg were really landed in the swamps
of Florida and the wilds of North Car
olina, where they were kept on rail
road construction work under the sur
veillance of armed guards until they
became too sick to be of value, when
they were turned loose 1o make their
Way back to New York as best they
Value of Services.
It only remains to decide who shall
determine the value of the individual's
service in industry. Shall it be de
termined by public officials who have
no direct .interest in the matter, or
shall it be left to the judgment of
those who receive the service? As to
Which is the safer method, says an
Atlantic writer, there can scarcely be
a moment's doubt. Granting all that
may be said about the depravity of
popular tastes and the whimsicalities
of fashion, of the maltreatment of the
genius and the prosperity of the time
. server, all this and more may be said
about the insolence 'of office, and the
arbitrariness and stupidity of public
officials, elective 'as well as hereditary.
Obviously, no one is in so good a po
sition to appraise the value of a serv
ice as the one who is to receive it.
'His Judgment or his taste may be
perverted, but the same is equally
likely in the case of any functionary
to whom it may be entrusted. If the
Individual is to be left free to pursue
his own interest in the way of per
forming service, it seems to follow
necessarily that he must also be left
free to pursue his own interest in the
way of securing the services of
"Shape" Bars from Job.
Shape counts for more than sclentlflc(
knowledge as a qualification with the
civil service commission, according to
the assertions of Miss Dana L. May, a
comely miss from Michigan. Miss
May is in Washington camping on the
trail of the commissioners. She is a
graduate of Ann Arbor high school
and the state normal school at Ypsi
lanti, Mich. She brings documentary
proof to show that on her mental ex
amination she made a string of 100s in
every branch except two or three. The
result of her physical examination was
a disappointment, and when she
sought explanation she was informed,
she says, that she was not tall enough
in proportion to her width. Miss May
confesses she is in tho "short and
stout" class. "If I were a society miss
with a wealthy father I suppose I
wauld be called 'petite,' " said she
"As It is I am short and stout."
While John D. Rockefeller is enjoy
ing life abroad the manager of his
huge estate in the Pocautico hills is
paying 25 cents each for all snakes
killed on the property. This disburse
ment Is at the request of Rockefeller,
jwho Is mortally afraid of snakes. They
abound in the Buttermilk hill section
and tho oil king never sets foot on the
ground there, always having a car
riage. He also offers two dollars for
every dog killed on the estate, though
he had some difficulty with neighbors
on this account. His offer for the ex
termination of snakes hag, however,
been welcomed by everybody in the
It would not be advisable for the
(average man to follow the example of
Gabriel D'Annunzio in the matter of
traveling outfit. Recently on a Jour
ney D'Annunzio took 14 trunks and an
Italian newspaper had the enterprise
ko make an inventory of their contents'
with the following result in part
Seventy-two shirts, 144 pairs of plain
pocks, 24 pairs of silk socks, 48 pairs
(of day gloves, 24 pairs of evening
(gloves, eight silk mufflers, eight violet
lumbrellas, ten green parasols, 20 dozen
handkerchiefs and 100 colored cravats.
Despondency Over Failure to Receive
Nomination for Mayor at Repub
1 Mean Primaries Is Suppcced
Cause for the Act.
August H. Hennings, city treasurer
of Omaha from 1900 to 190G, treasurer
of the state republican committee and
unsuccessful candidate for the repub
lican nomination for mayor last spring,
shot and killed himself in the bath
room of his home, 3304 Davenport
street, Omaha. He gave no warning
whatever that he contemplated ending
his life.
From all that can be learned the
motive for the suicide was contained
in the disappointment which Mr. Hen
nings sustained by his defeat for the
mayoralty nomination. His nature
was extremely sensitive and up to a
short time before the primaries, April
3, he fully expected to win. Outwardly
he bore his defeat cheerfully, and after
retiring from the office of city treas
urer he entered into a ' merchandise
and household goods storage and mer
chandise brokerage business with his
former chief clerk, Harry G. Couns
man. Tom Hollister, manager of A. H.
Hennings' mayoralty 'campaign, made
public a letter found on the body of
Mr. Hennings. The letter follows.
"Dearest Vfite and Best of Daugh
ters: There was no way out of my
trouble. . I tried hard enough and you
know it. What a misfortune for us
that I went into politics. You will get
along better without me. i was a
millstone around your neck. I am
alone to blame. You, dear wife, did
not know what you signed. The $500
with $50 interest must be redeemed
before sixty days and from Sigbcrt
Kahn. The house is your homestead
and cannot be taken away. My debts
you cnanot pay. You will see better
days. Can write no more. Your un
happy husband and father.
Repeated examinations of the books
and accounts by his bonding com
panies of the city treasurer's office,
from which Mr. Hennings retired ac
tively in April, showed no discrepan
cies, but, to the contrary, that the
funds of the office had been handled
with ' scrupulous fidelity. City and
County Treasurer Fink, who received
the office by reason of the charter con
solidation, says that it was turned over
in perfect condition and he cannot be
lieve any despondency was caused
from this source, which reflected noth
ing but credit upon the previous in
cum bent.
It was known that Mr. Hennings
took his defeat at the republican city
primaries by E. A. Benson much to
Vigilance Committee Organized in St
Louis Suburb.
A vigilance committee composed of
twenty-five of the best class of citi
zens, was organized at Richmond
Heights, a suburb of St. Louis, for the
purpose of shooting burglars and noc
turnal marauders on sight and the pro
tection of homes. The suburb has no
police protection and burglaries have
become very frequent. A meeting of
residents was held at the home of Dr.
A. L. Hughes and the organization ef
fected. The members of the commit
tee will be heavily armed with guns
and revolvers and a system of patrols
will be instituted. A fund will be
raised to carry out certain measures
now kept secret and the sheriff of St
Louis county will be requested to lend
assistance to the vigilance movement
Former Empress of France Is Wel
comed by Francis Joseph.
Eugenie, former empress of France,
arrived at Ischl, Austria, July 11, and
was met by Emperor Francis Joseph
and Grand Duchess Marie Valerie
Before coming to Ischl the ex-empress
asked the emperor's permission in
writing, saying:
"Being near death, I request that
your majesty grant me the opportunity
to see you once more In order that I
may thank you for all the kindnesses
you have shown me.
Day of Rest Compulsory.
The Freeh chamber of deputies has
passed the bill providing for a com
pulsory day of rest weekly. The meas
ure, which Is designed to terminate
the present system of Sunday labor,
has already passed the senate and now
goes to the president.
Two Case of Yellow Fever.
Reports from Havana to the Louisi
ana state board of health say that two
cases of fever, suspected to be yellow
fever, were found in Havana and that
one case of yellow fever developed
there on July 4
i !
Bureau of Statistics Gives the Figures
' for July 1, 1906.
The crop reporting board of the
bureau of statistics of the department
of agriculture finds from the reports
of the correspondents and agents of
the bureau as follows: .
Preliminary returns show the acre
age of corn planted to be about 95,
953,000 acres, an increase of about
1,524,000 acres, or 1.0 per cent, as
compared with the estimate of the
acreage planted last year. The aver
age condition of the growing crop on
July 1 was 87.5, as compared with
87.3 on July 1, 1905; 86.4 at the cor
responding date in 1904, and a ten-
year average of 86.4. '
The average condition of winter
wheat on July 1 was 85.6, as compared
with 83 last month, S2.7 on July:, 1,
1905, 78.7 at the corresponding perjod
in 904, and a ten-year average of 79.4.
The average condition of spring
wheat on July 1 was 91.4, as com
pared with 93 last month, 91 on July
1, 1905, 93.7 at the corresponding date
in 1904, and a ten-year average of 88.2.
The average condition on July 1 of
spring and winter wheat combined
was 87.8, as compared with 85.8 on
July 1, 1905 and 84.5 at the correspond
ing date in 1904. The amount of wheat
remaining in the hands of farmers on
July 1 is estimated at about 46,053,000
bushels, equivalent to about 6.6 per
cent of the crop of last year.
The average condition of the oats
crop on July 1 was 84.0, as compared
with 86.0 last month, 92.1 on July 1,
1905, 89.8 at the corresponding date in
1904 and a ten-year average of 89.4.
The average condition of barley on
July 1 was 92.5, against 93.5 a month
ago, 91.5 on July 1, 1905, 88.5 at the
corresponding date in 1804 and a ten
year average of 88.2. 1
The average condition of winter rye
on July 1 was 91.3, as compared with
92.7 on July 1, 1905, 88.0 at the cor
responding date in 1904 and a ten-year
average of 90.1.
The acreage of potatoes, excluding
sweet potatoes, is less than that of
last year by about 38,000 acres, or 1.3
per cent. The average condition on
July 1 was 91.5, as compared with 91.2
on July 1, 1905, 93.9 at the correspond
ing date in 1904, and a ten-year aver
age of 92.1.
The acreage of tobacco is less than
that of last year by about 40,000 acres
or 5.2 per cent. The average condi
tion on July 1 was 86.7, against 87.4
a year ago.
Fort Robinson In List of Those to Be
Fort Robinson, Neb., is in. the list
of western posts which Secretary Taft
is planning to enlarge for brigade
headquarters of the army. It requires
a good deal of space to maneuver a
brigade of soldiers, hence it would re
quire a large outlay of money to pre
pare the reservation grounds and
erect necessary buildings at Fort
Robinson to accommodate the pro
posed increase of troops. Notwith
standing reports to the contrary, it is
asserted that Fort Niobrara will in the
future be abolished and the forces and
equipment at that post consolidated
with Fort Robinson.
The war department . has at its dis
posal for the present year nearly $16,
000,000 apportioned ' as fellows:
Transportation, $12,000,000; buildings
and quarters, ?3,000,000; post, $800,
000. Forts Riley, Leavenworth, Sam
Houston and Russell are also included
in the list for enlargements to accom
modate brigade forces.
Governor Folk Will Send Militia tc
St. Joseph if Necessary.
Governor Folk issued instructions to
St. Joseph, Mo., police commissioners
to arrest all saloonkeepers of St. Jo
seph who keep open Sunday, and if,
after a third arrest, they yet refuse
to close up, to take charge of all their
stock and place it in a safe place for
evidence against then. The governor
declares the state law must be; en
forced, and if the police cannot do it
they must give way to others who can.
There is an Intimation that he will
send state militia to St. Joseph, if
necessary. St. Joseph saloonkeepers
refuse to close because of the decision
of the Kansas City court of appeals
that a city ordinance allowing them to
sell on Sunday in that city is valid.
Shoots a Man, Cuts Throat.
Rev. J. L. Rea, pastor of the Man
gum, Okla., Christian church, shot and
probably fatally wounded George A.
Stephens, his brother-in-law, a farmer,
and then cut his own throat. Rea, al
though badly wounded, may recover.
Rev. Mr. Rea and wife had separ
ated, Mrs. Rea going to the home of
her brother on a farm near Mangum.
Stephens went to the minister's house
and asked for his sister's belongings.
The men quarreled and Rea fired at
Stephens with a shotgun.
Practice Has Not Tet Resulted in
Injury to Nellie, Train
men's Mascot.
To get on the footboard of j an en
gine running at the speed of ten miles
an hour is not easy for the average
person. The risk is great, and the
chances for a miscalculation, which
might prove fatal, are many. Yet,
Nellie, four years old, does it every
day, and has been doing it since she
has been two years old. Nellie is
the mascot of the "day-and-night
crew of the Missouri Pacific Rail
road company.
She appeared in the yards at Twenty-first
street two years ago, a home
less waif, gaunt and lonely. Her evi
dent longing for care and sympathy
attracted the members of the crew,
and they adopted her. Later she
adopted them. . She is (a half-breed
collie, or setter, but George Price,
yardmaster, says she is smarter than
any other dog. When the crew makes
ready to brinf "Pacific 7" into the
station, at nine o'clock, Nellie , sta
tions herself on the rear platform of
the last car.
There she stays until the train
backs into the station and she is sure
that the air hose and couplings are in
good condition. Assured of this, she
runs to the engine and climbs aboard
for her ride to Ewing avenue.
Foreman Allison, of the crew, goes
to supper a little after nine o'clock,
and Nellie accompanies him, return
ing in time to assist the crew in other
work. "Pacific 7" is the last train
she rides to the station at night, but
her energy never flags. When other
switches are to be made she goes out
on the engine, sometimes on the foot
board with one of the men, sometimes
in the cab, but seldom a trip is
missed. ,
- Her greatest "stunt" is boarding
moving trains. Waiting until the en
gine approaches close enough, she
springs for the running-board, alight
ing with a sureness of foot and skill
which are the envy of even expe
rienced railroaders. To miss - would
be fatal, as there would be no chance
for her to get out of the way of the
monster switch engine. Yet, even if
the train is making ten miles an hour,
she does not falter.
She goes on duty at seven o'clock
in the evening and "knocks off" at
seven in the - morning, when she is
rewarded with a quart bottle of milk.
She knows the whistle of her engine
as well as the oldest member of the
crew, and the minute she hears it,
off she races to her self-appointed
task and station.
The train crew says that she ac
quired the art of "train hopping"
without any teaching on their part.
Its Highest Point Will Reach Nearly
Fourteen Thousand Feet
Above the Sea.
Switzerland is the home of mountain
railway. With an area not larger than
one-third of the state of New York,
there may be counted about 100 rail
ways for the sole purpose of carrying
passengers to mountain tops varying
in height from a few thousand to 6,000
or 8,000 feet. The month of August,
1905, witnessed the opening of a way
carrying tourists ever far above these
altitudes, beyond the clouds, to 10,500
feet; and, when completed, its highest
point will reach nearly 14,000 feet
above the sea at the top of the fa
mous Jungfiau, the queen of . the
Berner Oberland.
There are other mountain railways
on the globe attaining much higher
altitudes than even this, and on the
Ovoya railway of Peru. I myself trav
eled a considerable distance above 16,
00 0 feet; but most of these roads were
built for the development of com
merce and mining industries. The
Swiss mountain railways, however, are
almost exclusively in the service of
tourists only, numbering in Switzer
land alone not far from 1,000,000 every
year. They come to admire the scenic
wonders of the little country on the
roof of Europe, or to seek shelter
against summer heat at the many
mountain resorts.
The majority of these mountain rail
ways are paying investments. Switzer
land, being a country of mountains, is
consequently also a. country of" water
courses fed by the inexhaustible store
of snow and Ice covering many square
miles of the Alpine chains. Alaskan
ice-fields are bedded in bfltween the
peaks right in the heart of Switzerland,
and, although a great deal has been
written about the general recession of
glaciers, which in some instances
amounts to a hundred and more feet
year for year, such losses are quite
insignificant compared with the enor
mous extent of these ice deposits. A
number of them have depths of several
thousand feet, with millions of tons of
solid, hard-frozen ice, continually sup
plied from fresh snowfalls above. They
feed Rhine and Rhone, Po and Danube,
during the dry summer months, and
the many mountain streams of Switzer
land, forming beautiful cascades and
falls and rapids, furnish the power
which carry tourists in comfortable
railway carriages to the very tops from
which they themselves come. They
are led to turbine-pits, drive-wheels
and generators, and are thus eon-
verted into electric power. The Swiss,
having no coal deposits of their own,
have become acknowledged experts in
this branch of technical .engineering,
furnishing turbines and electric plants
for the whole world. Thus, for in
stance, the gigantic turbines at Niag
ara Falls, many of which generate
forces of from 10,000 to 12,000 horse
power each, have been constructed al
most without exception by Swiss firms.
Shoshone Reservation to Be Opened to
Settlement Chicago & North
Western R'y Announces Round
: Trip- Excursion Rates from
All Points July 12 to 29.
Less than one fare for - the round
trip to Shoshoni, Wyoming, the res
ervation border.
The only all rail route to the res
ervation border.
Dates of registration July 16th to
31st at Shoshoni and Lander. Reached
only by this line.
Write for pamphlets, telling how to
take up one of these attractive home
steads. Information, maps and pamphlets
free on request to S. F. Miller, A. G.
F. & P. A., Omaha, Neb.
, Scriptures ir. Russia.
It is raher remarkable that, not
withstanding the disturbed conditions
of affairs in Russia last year, the
British and Foreign Bible society re
ports a banner year in the circulation
of Scriptures, over 500,000 copies being-
distributed in European Russia, be
sides a very large number in Siberia.
Sheer white goods, in fact, any fine
Wash goods when new, owe much of
their attractiveness to the way "they
are laundered, this being done in a
manner to enhance their textile beau
ty. Home laundering would be equal
ly satisfactory if proper attention was
given to starching, the first essential
being good Starch, which has sufficient
strength to stiffen, without thickening
the goods. Try Defiance Starch and
you will be pleasantly surprised at the
improved appearance of your work.
His Experience.
"Pa," said Willie, thoughtfully, "I
think I know now what the minister
meant when he said 'It is more
blessed to give than to receive.' "
Yes? What was it?" "Castor oil."
Defiance Starch is the latest inven
tion in that line and an improvement
on all other makes; it is more eco
nomical, does better work, takes less
time. Get it from any grocer.
Foreigners, in their ignorance of the
language, so often mistake the sul
tan's irades for tirades. Albany Ar
gus. The average girl has more faith in
a four-leafed clover than a woman
has in a man.
Eve was the only woman who had
positive proof that she was the only
woman her husband ever loved.
AVfegetable Preparationfor As
similating the Food andKegula
ting the Stomachs andBowels of
Promotes DigestionCheerfuI
ness andRest.Contains neither
Opium.Morphine nor Mineral.
Aperfecl Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions .Feverish
ness and Loss of Sleep. .
Tac Simile Signature of
Am aminanf ntiiretni'in C4iMtriat i1ittiimatiem to f Tia r1iiff tsQl-l1t rtf TT1 T rYifWf
eating and may be absolutely cured by leaving out your dietary animal food?
of all kinds and living on cereals, fruits, nuts and vegetables. A diet consisting
of milk and cereal foods will cure the most acute form of Rheumatism, while
those who live mainly on animal foods, cannot escape it.
to rich in potassium and sodium which are the essentials of the diet of persona
with Rheumatic dispositions. The whole wheat berry being used, the food be
comes a regulator of the bowels, while the celery acts as a nerve tonic.
Palatable Nutritious Easy of Digestion and Ready to Eat
Cm bo served hot. Put In a hot oven for a few minutes;- or cook In boiling milk to a mush.
10c a package. Forsai.byi (fa Q2& 83
Grocers , AJl . tf. ZJS
Dr. Price, the famous food expert, the creator of Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder and Delicious
Flavoring Extracts, Ice Cream Sugar and Jelly Desserts, has never been compelled,
notwithstanding strenuous Food laws, to change any of his products. They have always
conformed to their requirements. This is an absolute guarantee of their quality and purity.
Loneliness is the givatest of bores,
otherwise there would be no account
Ing for society. Life. -
Airs. 7inslow's Soothing Syrup.
For cblldren teething, softens the guns, reduces In.
Q&mmatlon, allays pain, cures wind colio. 35c a bottle.
Grecian women had very long, feet.
She Waa Told That an Operation Was
Inevitable. How 8he Escaped It.
When a physician tells a woman suf
fering' with serious feminine trouble
that an operation is necessary, the very
thought of the knife and the operating
table strikes terror to her heart, and
our hospitals are full of women coming'
for just such operations. . . .
There are cases where an operation
is the only resource, but when one con
siders the great number of cases of
menacing; female troubles cured by
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound after physicians have advised
operations, no woman should submit to
one without first trying the Vegetable '
Compound and writing Mrs. Pinkham,
Lynn, Mass., for advice, which is free.
Miss Margret Merkley, of 275 Third
Street, Milwaukee, Wis., writes:
Dear Mrs. Pinkham; r
"Loss of strength, extreme nervousness,
shooting pains through the pelvic organs.
bearing down pains and cramps compelled
me to seek medical advice. The doctor, after
making an examination, said I had a female
trouble and ulceration and advised an opera- ,
tion. To this I strongly objected and decided
to try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound. The ulceration quickly healed, all
the bad symptoms disappeared and I am
once more strongj vigorous and well."
Female troubles are steadily on the
increase among women. If the month
ly periods are very painful, or too fre
f quent and excessive if you have pain
or swelling low flown in the lelt side,
bearing-down pains, don't neglect your
self : try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
For Infants, and Children.
The Kind You Have
Always Bought
For Over
Thirty Years
ars the i
piature fW