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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 15, 1921)
TJKD HT.OTTD. NF.BRARKA. CHIEF
ade By Science
Annual Report of Smithsonian
Institution Covers Wide
Range of Subjects.
28 AUTHORITATIVE ARTICLES
Deal With Recent Advances of Inter-
eotlnn Phaeeo of Every Dranch of
Science Figures on Army
Washington. The Smithsonian In
stitution has Just iiinilu public Its an
mini report, which, among other
things, contains ti general appendix of
iiitkios covering iccont advances of
.Interesting phases of nearly every
branch ol' science, Including astron
omy, physics, chemistry, geology, zo
ology, entomology and anthropology.
The articles have been written as far
us possible In a style Intended to In
terest the general reader rather than
the scientist, and, as the report states,
"In this way carries out one of Its
principal objects, namely, the diffusion
One article Is by Dr. Arthur D. Lit
tle and entitled, "Natural Resources
In Their Relation to Military Sup--Mies."
In this article Doctor Little
.. vos figures as to the number of va
rious articles tised by the American
nnnles In the World war, Illustrating,
as he points out, the Importance of
the economic factor In modern war
fare. For Instance. 22,000,000 blankets
were provided for our soldiers, and
100,000,000 yards of cloth was used
In making their uniforms and over
coats, while the square yards of cot
ion textiles used by the United States
during the wnr totaled 800,000,000. If
this enormous amount of cotton tex
tiles were laid out In one yard width,
fifi globes the size of the earth could
be placed upon It.
What Our Soldiers Used.
During the war period the American
soldiers ate more than 1,000,000.000
pounds of flour, 600,000,000 pounds of
heef and 20,000,000 pounds of Jam and
other substantial foods In proportion.
Miscellaneous Items for the army In
cluded '15,000,000 safety razor blades,
10.JM0.000 spoons, .1,000,000 pairs of
rubber boots and !l,2r0,0(0 brushes of
vnrlous kinds. Doctor Little also dis
cusses In connection with military op
erations, coal, metals, explosives and
other resources, concluding by show
ing that sclenllllc research Is Indls
peasnblo not only In achieving mili
tary elllclency but also as an assur
ance of peace-time prosperity.
Age in Winter,
Not in Summer
Winter Exercise Is Important,
Therefore, for Middle-Aged,
SWIMMING IS A GOOD ONE
Middle Age Demands Above All Stead
iness and Continuity In Its Recre
ation "J ime Is Chief Difficulty
In the Way.
Ijisdou. Declaring that we age In
winter and not in summer, tho medical
correspondent of the London Times
urges tho middle-aged to take borne
measures In the wuy of exercise to
correct tho deficiency. If they will do
this, ho says, and uwako to n reali
zation of winter exercise they will
spare themselves many an hour of Ill
health. The approach of winter raises once
again the question of winter exercise,
ho says. This Is a most dllllcult sub
ject. For at the very period when ex
orcise Is mo.st necessary It becomes
most difficult to obtain. The dltllculty
for the business man Is especially
great. lie must leave homo at an hour
which makes early morning exercise
practically Impossible. When ho re
turns home again It Is already grow
ing dark or quite dark. Thus his op
portunities for outdoor recreation are
practically withdrawn altogether, ex
cept nt tho week-ends.
On tho other hand, says tho physi
cian, winter is a time of sedentary
life. There Is no Inducement to go
out of tho oil Ice, and people tend to
cut down their excursions from their
own desks to tho lowest point. They
Bit In warm rooms, which they leave
only to go to their meals. All this
means u slugglsn circulation and slug
gish removal of waste products. Peo
ple, especially middlo-nged people, get
(at In winter.
Young people nro better off, says
tho writer. Tho majority of them
dauco once or twice n week, nnd man
ago to get In somo vigorous exercise
on Saturday and Sunday.
Steadiness for Middle Age.
Middle age demands above all stead
iness and continuity In Its reerea
ition, ho says. There Is so much waste
'to bo got rid of every day. If this Is
nllovved to nccumulnto to tho week
!t'd the tissues of tho body . become
The Intluenco of cold In stimulating
the growth of planto Is the subject of
an article by Dr. Fredrick V. C'ovllle.
Doctor Coville shows that the geaeral
belief as to the causes of dormancy of
plants in the fall and of their new
growth In the spilng Is erroneous lie
seeks to prove by numerous experi
ments that dormancy In trees and
shrubs sets In before cold weather,
and that cold weather Is not necessary
lor the establishment of complete dor
mancy; that after dormancy has be
gun, the exposure of the plants to an
ordinary growing temperature Is not
sulllclcnt to start them Into growth;
and that these plants will not resume
normal growth In the warm weather
of spring unless they have been sub
jected previously to a period of chill
ing. "Doctor C'ovllle," says a statement
by the Smithsonian Institution, "Is of
the opinion that a complete under
standing of the results of the process
of chilling will be of the greatest ben
ellt to agriculture, especially In trans
ferring plants from one part of the
world to another, In growing various
plants out of season, In grafting and
Most Rev. Archbishop Soklzcn Atal. the abbot of the SoJIJl, head mon
astery of tho Sodo Sect (In robes) from Tsuruml, Japan, with members of his
staff on the steps of the White House after having been received by President
Harding. The archbishop is making a tour of the United Slates.
clogged, symptoms of poisoning show
themselves, and It Is Increasingly dllll
cult to get rid of them. Like a piece
of machinery that has been allowed
to He unattended, the mechanism of
the body deteriorates.
You cannot safely set a piece of
machinery going at Its top speed, says
the physician, and then neglect It for
another week, and repeat the process.
In everyday language that method Is
"asking for trouble."
What then is tho middle-aged man
to do In the coining months? Tho
answer depends to somo extent on his
temperament. Hut more Important
than temperament Is determination.
Some men of the physician's ae
quulatance solve the dltllculty by play
ing a game of squash three or four
times n week. They simply "take" tho
necessary time, and they are fortunate
In belonging to clubs which have the
necessary accommodation. Other men
adopt swimming, and make a point of
going to their baths every, or nearly
every, afternoon for half an hour.
Time Is the Chief Requisite.
Tho chief dltllculty Is time, says the
writer. It is often dllllcult to got
Leased by Japanese for Arms Meet
H JBHwuNBHHyi f mm
The .lapancso embassy hau leased
Massachuretts avenue, Washington, for
limitation of urmanicntu.
other processes of. Modern agricultural
Urges Protection of Wild Birds.
Dr. Walter K. Oolllngo, In an artido
on the necessity of stnto action for thu
protection of wild birds, gives many
reasons why tho country should "Jeal
ously guard these feathered allien,"
which, he adds, arc among tho great
est enemies of tho Insect pedis that
annually destroy millions of dollars'
worth of American farm products.
The report also contains three pn
pers on the study of Insects, two of
them, "The Division of Insects of the
United Slates National Muoum" and
"The Seven-Year Locust," containing
many beautiful color plates, while the
third, by Dr. L. O. Howard, chief of
the bureau of entomology of the De
partment of Agriculture, reviews the
war-time work of government ento
mologists In. overcoming the Insect
pests that warred on the crops and
animals of the country.
The various branches of the science
of anthropolgy are represented by ar
ticles by Dr. J. Walker Fewkcs, who
describes two types of prehistoric clllt
houses of the southwestern part of tho
United States; Dr. W. II. Holmes, who
discusses the race history nnd racial
characteristics of the American Indi
ans, while the origin of the Czecho
slovak people Is treated In a transla
tion by Dr. Ales Hrdllcka.
The total number of articles Includ
ed In the report Is 28. nearly all of
them Illustrated with plates and text
From the Orient
nway, and often, In cold weather, tho
tendency Is to shirk the exercise. This
Is a matter which must be left to tho
Individual. It can bo said, however,
that an hour spent in tills way is
never an hour wasted ; on the con
trary. It may save many an hour of
Ill-health In his opinion. Moreover,
the healthy glow of tho vigorous man
nftor his exorcise Is a better thing than
the artificial warmth of the man who
refuses to quit his odlco tire.
A more simple and also much less
expensive method Is to exercise at
home. There Is nothing to be said
against physical exercise of this kind,
except that It Is apt to be very mo
notonous. Generally speaking, monot
onous exercise Is far less beneticlal
than that which contains an element of
Interest, for the reason that man Is
an Intelligent being and not a ma
chine, tho writer asserts. You can
never "whip" all his faculties to activ
ity by means of a eodo of muscular
movements. The thrill of the game Is
necessary to this purpose.
Yet some men nro so constituted
that they need Interest In their recre
ation far less than others, the phy
slelan declares. Those tin very well
on a short period of training each
morning, and often show a remarkable
determination In keeping It up.
The polnf Is that If exercise Is kept
up during 'the week, it can safely and
advantageously be Intensified at tho
week-end. Thus, a vigorous round of
golf on Saturday or Sunday will yield
not exhaustion, but exhilaration.
this building at Twentieth street nnd
the duration of tho conference oh the
mm OF STATE
Recent Happenings in Nebraska
Given in Brief Items For
The Central Nebraska Poultry As
sociation will hold its annual show
at York, December 12 to 10.
The total paid for (IS bead of Hon',
ford cattle at II. (iuttdrenult & Sons
sale at Hailing, was S20.S10.
It Is rumored that Dan P.. P.utler
of omaha will be candidate for gov
ernor at the democratic primaries.
.lolin M. .Matzeu. stale .superintend
ent. In a bulletin Issued, suggests that
Nebraska teachers devote oiic-pcrlo.l
a tiny during American education week
for Americanization talks, '
Kay A. Lower, former cashier of the
defunct Valparaiso State bank, was
found guilty by a Jury in district court
ut Wnlioo on six or seven counts
charging him with embezzlement.
Deputy State Fire .Marshal Harry
Minister has been sent to Mliulen, at i
the request of city and county olllclals i
there, to determine tho origin of the
$50,000 lire that destroyed (lie Bind
Contracts for gravelling thirty miles
of Nebraska roads, twelve In Dawson
and eighteen In Buffalo county, were
let at Lincoln last week. The work to
cost $lt:, 100.
Nebraska is the fourth state In the
union In per capita acreage of im
proved farm lands, according to re
ports compiled by the bureau of pub
licity of the Omaha Chamber of Coin
federal census olllclals.
After silencing tin gongs which
were Installed In order to alarm the
town In cae of attack by burglars,
yeggmen blew open tho door of the
outer vault of the bank of .lunlata, and
lied with contents of 1,1)20 safety de
J. J. Darker, of Rlgsprings, was
found guilty by n Jury, of ilrst degree
murder and sentenced to life imprison
ment for tin murder of ltulpli Hosell,
following an argument over a woman.
Martin Kstorgnnrd, who was begging
on the streets at (Jrund Island, was
taken to police station ami when
searched the police found a certificate
of deposlte on a Fullerton Dank for
The farm homo of John Nelson, near
Wakelleld, was completely destroyed i
! by lire of unknown origin. The oe
1 cupaut.s barely escaped with their
lives. The house was valued at
l $12,000 and the contents at $2,000.
; The Pawnee City Military band will
combine with the Tecunisch band in a
concert at the city opera house at
Pawnee City, December 11. Prof.
John Flala, leader of both bands, will
have charge of the program.
A construction company has just
completed a ."2-bloek brick paving con
tract In Nebraska City, the entire Job
being completed !)() days after the con
tract was let. .Many Idly men were
Mr--. Josephine C. Kodor, ISO. of
Broken How, was awarded !s:5.",0i)i
damages from the Omaha railroad for
Injuries In a railroad accident near
Herman in October, 1020. The woman
asked for $".",000. She appeared In
court in a wheel chair during the trhl
which lasted for several days.
Warden Feuton of tho Nebraska
penitentiary was advised by the xhorih'
at Tipton, la., that Hugh 0. .Marsh, a
convict who e-ciipcd from Hie prison
last August, was under arre-t in the
Iowa town ami intimated Unit, the Ne
braska authorities can have him.
(Jovernor McKelvie's special board
of Inquiry, authorized under the ad
ministrative code law. resumed its
probe of llvlnu costs In Nebraska at
the senate chamber after a week's
rest. Ciuilriuau Lee Stubr announced
that a new line of Investigation would
he taken up but declined to specltlcally
stnto Its nature.
The fVNolll Electric Light & Power
company began burning corn for fuel
under its immense hollers. The plant
is tin largest steam electric plant be
tween Norfolk and the Black Ui.
It furul-hcs all the light and power fn,
tlml city and heats Its principal busi
ness buildings. Corn costs $7 a ton
at the boiler rooms. Coal costs, on an
average slightly over $S) a ton laid
down at the boiler rooms". Tests with
corn as fuel showed Its superior heat
ing 'quality. The company will use
about six tons of corn a day.
The Peyole church of Christ the
second Indian nou-sectaiian church to
he organized under that name In Ne
braskahas tiled articles of Incorpor
ation with Secretary of State D.
M. Anisberry at Lincoln, The new
church Is at Waltlilll, while the Ilrst
was at Winnebago.
Over $125,000 have been collected In
lisli and game licenses to date this
j ear, or $25,00) more than a year ago,
according to Chief (leorge Kosher of
the state division of llsh and game.
He estimates the expense of tho di
vision will be $00,000, leaving SO.",
OIK) for the slate general fund.
Tho Lincoln Telegraph and Tele
phone company expects to move Into
the new Si 00.000 building erected at
Nebraska City In the next few weeks.
Tin1 state board of control at Lincoln
will make a tiip to Kearney to In
vestigate charges mink' by the DIs
aided American Veterans of Foreign
Wars against food nnd treatment of
members at the state tuberculosis hos
pital. L. C. Oberlies, a member of
the board, stated that since the end of
the war. (j:i veterans suffering from
tuberculosis have been treated In tho
hospital, tho government paying $2.50
a day for each of them.
The newly elected lied Cros utirso
of Cheyenne' county Is touting the
county visiting all the schools and In
specting the teeth of school children.
Robert. E. Moore, 72, lieutenant gov
ernor of Nebraska from 1S!." to ISO
under (.'ovorninent Silas A. Holcomh,
died at his home at Lincoln.
The clothing store of (Jus l.orentz ut
Loup City, was entered by burglars
anil about 150 stills taken. The loss
Is est limited at $.'1,500.
I While at supper at the Muplohurst
J hotel, Dan McLcod, a pioneer of
i Schuyler and for ten years a member
! of the Nebraska legislature, was strick
en ami died.
Outlive Ruhr, the squaw man, who
'has been on trial at Pierce charged
(Willi murder, was found not gullt.i by
J ii Jury, but was adjuihoil In-atie.
Charles K. ltlack will probably as
Mime his new duties ns postmaster at
i Omaha somclline this week, lie Just
1 recently received his appointment.
! The four j ear old daughter of Mi,
i and -Mrs. Henry Pferfer, of near P.utte,
I was burned to death In the family
home while her parents were out in
Hie Held picking corn.
! The stule seal commission at a
j meeting In (Jovernor McKelvie's olllce
1 iieciucu on tne general di sign of -i
new Nebraska halinei, but withheld Its
nature until details of the emblem h-
worked out inlnutel.v.
Several farmers living In the vicinity
of Shciton report the loss of horses
from the corn stalk disease. F. O.
Horlh, who has heen feeding corn fod
der to his herd of horses, lost a valu
able race horse.
The eleventh annual convention of
the Nebraska Irrigation association
has just closed at Bridgeport. Thh
was tho largest convention in point of
attendance In the history of the as
sociation. A Ore which originated In the Wet
csen sisters millinery shop at Mlndei:.
completely gutted the Rinderup block
and caused a loss estimated at $-10,000.
Insurance on the property was less
than half Its value.
Fire starting in O. K. Kratzer's
Mercantile store at Virginia from an
unknown cause, destroyed the Kratzer
store and tho Mitchell Hardware store.
The lire department from Beatrice was
called to assist in lighting the Humes.
Tho loss is placed at S-10.000 ami U
partially covered by Insurance.
Frank T. Israel of Renkelman, who
held a rosponslnlo position In the of
fice of the comptroller of the currency
for the last ISO years, has received a
promotion to that of chief clerk la the
(hlef national bank examiner's olllce
of the 1'leventh federal reserve dis
trict, with headquarters at Dallas,
When (leorge Dorn, janitor of tho
1 Ruilge & (iueir.cl department store of
Lincoln, was questioned ulvmt theft of
I a 10-cent bar of chocolate, he adtnh-
ted, police -ny, having stolen over !M,
I 00i. worth of costly silks and Jewelry,
which they say they found done up in
I hfs room ready to bo shipped to rela
tives in Russia.
A total of SlOrt.Onn damages Is
sought by F. S. Shoemaker and Charles
N. Dean. Nonpartisan league speakers,
from 1." citizens of Hartlngton, for
slander and a-sault when they were
taken from the lobby of a hotel ther",
the night of April !?, 1020, escorted
out of town and warned never to re
turn. Total state receipts from taxes, in
stltutlons, fee--, auto licenses and in
terest hearing funds for the sl:c
months ending June ISO, this year, were
$11,210.47:1. according to an olllclal re
port made public by State Auditor
George W. Mar-h. Kxpendltures for
the same period were .'f'.),07."i,010, leav
ing a balance of $1,1S0,000 to start th.i
With telegrams and cablegrams
pincli-hlttlng for the speaking voice,
Lester J. Millions of St. Ilelenu, Neb,
IT. S. A., and Maria Halm, Paris,
France, answered "1 do" to the mar
riage lines as put by County Judge W.
F. Bryant of Hartlngton early this
week and became man and wife al
though 1,000 miles separated them.
Mrs. Mabeus expects to leave for
A tax test suit has heen brought by
It. C. Bassi'tt In behalf of the city of
Bayard against .Morrill county. Tho
hoard of equalization raised Bayard
personal taxes 20 per cent and real es
tate, ."( per cent and local citizens
claim that the Increase was wrong
fully made, it Is estimated that Ba.v
ard has half the population of the
county and pays two-thirds of the
taxes, on account of the sugar factory
property and valuable Irrigated beet
Arthur Cornlns, farmer living near
Lodl. lost th'rteen head of cattle out
of sixteen lie turned into a Held o
cornstalks In one night.
A bulletin recently Issued by the
Bureau of Markets ef the Slate De
partment of Agriculture, states that
the acreage of oats In Nebraska In
creased somewhat last jear over that
of 1020. But this Increase was over
come by the lower average yield which
resulted in a considerably lower yield
for the state. This summary Is based
on tlgures collected nnd complied co
operatively by the state and federal
bureau of markets.
L. M. Muck, a blind man, College
View, has been appointed to be state
Held agent for the relief of the hllu.l.
Ills salary will be $100 a month and
be will travel about the state, visiting
blind' people, ascertaining their con
ditions of life, their ambitions and
desires, so that the state can help
The Beatrice electric company
reached a settlement with J. W. Conk,
who brought suit against the concern
for tho death of his son, Robert, who
was killed In Beatrice last summer by
a live wire, by agreeing to pay him
American in Europe Found That
Thlc Country, Apparently, Hats Mo
nopoly on the Frult-Flllcd, Flaky
Dicks of Delicious Crust.
As soon as tho snow begins to melt,
the thing foremost In the mind of the
hungry American Is strawberry short
cake. For nt least two delightful
months' he revels In It.
Then shortcake time gives way to
the salad period; from the Ilrst rail
I' lies and lettuce, down tho lino of
crWpy green things, until In late sum
mer our beloved tomatoes are llnally
eclipsed by that greater favorite
"rouxthf oars." A true American dish,
this, but In' this land of varied climate
these favorites all pass.
But as we lose one good thing an
other Is always ready to lake itn place,
and now when corn has gone the way
of shortcakes and salads in comes
pumpkin pie to fill the void.
I wonder If In any other country,
except Canada, perhaps, they have real
honest-to-goodiiess pics. Probably our
Kugllsh cousins, thinking of their pork
and mutton pastries, laugh up their
sleeves and wonder what we know
In Winchester, England, I nto a lit
tle meat pie which 1 will admit was
delicious, but never a round, flaky,
crimpy-edged, frult-llllcd dish did I en
counter In all the empire.
True, In Paris there tiro Innumerable
delectable tld-blts to he had that arc
so Oaky they fall apart when one tries
to eat them, but not a sign of lemon
or custard tilling hid hencnth meringue,
Just a trllle brown.
In a little town called Sasserals, n
few kilometers from Nancy, where our
outllt wns stationed nt one time, I.
thought I had made a find. The French
shopkeepers were compelled to keep a
price list of all their merchandise post
ed on the wall and on one such
list I saw ihe word "patio." Looking
up the word In my French-Kngllsh dic
tionary I found the Kugllsh equivalent
to he "pie." Immediately I rushed
hack and handed over to the madam
In charge the three or four francs due.
eagerly pointing out the word on her
price list. What l received was u
small tin of meat, much like our
The ncaro-i approach to pie that Ku
rope ever showed up was in (iernmny.
Once, in Cohlehz, hi a bakeshop win
dow, we saw an enormous plum con
coction. The fruit wa- quartered and
carefully laid In circles, one inside the
other, completely covering tho base,
which was a foot and a half in diam
eter. But when we bought wedges of
It, the base proved to bo Just plain
"kitchen," and very dry at that.
In pumpkin pie wo have a real
American Institution. It savors of all
the Orient as that spicy, pungent odor
wafts out across the kitchen when
mother or wife, with heat-Hushed face,
opens the oven door nnd peeps In nt
It. But under the soft light of the
supper table (dinner came at noon
with us) Its round golden-brown fnce-
smiles up at us Just as n homely
Yankee friend nnd all thu French
chefs in the world could never Improve
It. I.orlng E. Williams in the Clove
land Plain Dealer.
Why Pianos Strike.
Tills story might also be called,
"You can't blame them." It is about
a piano that stood In tho school build
ing at Lexington, Intl., that lias been
torn down to give place to a new build
lug. For safety the piano wns placed
in the Pieshyterlan church and as it
was dlfllcult to tell which was C sharp
ami which was P. Hat, u tuner was
called. The catalogue of "Hilda" In
cluded one song book, two demonnt
nble drinking cups, nearly n plat of
chalk, one Ink bottle, l.'t six-penny
nails and two spiders, all extracted
from the Interior. It Is said the pu
pils at high school tried all ways of
playing it. from walking ncross the
keys to playing jazz music, and the
average person couldn't bo auro at
any time which of the two was on
Planec Carry Planes.
A battle plane which carries its own
scout plane poised on the tip of one
of Its wings is the remarkable type of
airplane recently developed In Eng
land. So far it Is understood the tests
have been successful. The parent ma
chines have traveled ut their usual
pace, although tho engine of the scout
machine wns kept running bo that It
was ready to dive off at a minute's
notice to protect tho larger nnd heav
ier craft. An expert pilot is carried
by the bombing plane and as soon ns
his services nro required ho climbs
through the tup wing and takes his
seat in the scout piano. By pressing
a trigger he frees the smaller ma
chine which at once glides along tho
battle piano wing and dives off.
To Increase Nall'a Holding Power.
Hero is a simple method of Increas
ing tho holding power of a wire nail
or spike. With a Hat file removo tho
point of the nail and then, with n
hacksaw, split tho nnll for about one-
fourth Its length. Tho two halves
should bo beveled with n triangular
Before using the null or spike, drill
n hole, of tho samo diameter as Unit of
the nnll In the wood to the depth you
wish tho null to reach before spread
ing. Then place tho nail or spike la
tho holo and hammer It down. It will
spread In the wood like the prongs of
vw -fcj. w- tr j
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