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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 1, 1915)
RED CLOUD, NEBRASKA, CHIEF
n't IcVf et !
BROWN THRASHER AND WREN
An eminent physician
lays down these simple rules for better
BBr-Sl-Jis BBBsT PBBssV
Brown ThrasherAbove, Bright Reddish Brown; Below, White; Breast and
Flanks Spotted With Brown.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
According to a now bulletin IsBiicd
by tho department of agriculture, en
titled "Some Common Birds Useful to
tho Farmer" (farmers' bulletin No.
C30), tho wren, brown thresher and
catbird are three very useful neigh
bors to tho grower of crops or frult3.
Tho diminutive house wren fre
quents barns and gardens, and particu
larly old orchards In which tho trees
are partially decayed. Ho makes his
nest In a hollow where perhaps n
woodpecker had a domicile the year
beforo, but ho Is a pugnacious char
acter, and If he happens to fancy ono
of the boxes put up for bluebirds
he does not hesitate to take it. Ho Is
usually not slow to avail himself of
boxes, gourds, tin cans, or empty jars
placed for his accommodation.
In food habits tho house wren is en
tirely beneficial. Ho may be said to
live upon animal food nlone, for an
House Wren Above, Reddish Brown;
Below, 8olled White Wings and Tall
examination of 88 stomachs showed
that 98 per cent of the contents was
made up of insects or their allies, and
only 2 per cent was vegetable food,
Including bits of grass and similar
matter, evidently taken by accident
with the Insects. Half of this food
consisted of grasshoppers and beetles;
the remainder of caterpillars, bugs and
spiders. As th-i wren ia a prolific
breeder, frequently rearing in a season
from 12 to 1C young, a family of thuso
birds must cause considerable reduc
tion In the number of Insects in a
garden. WrenB aro industrious for
agers, searching every tree, shrub and
vine for caterpillars, and examining
every post and rail of tho fence and
every cranny in tho wall for insects
Tho house wren is only one of a
numerous group of small birds of simi
lar habits. There are within the limits
V ' -v
Catbird Slate Color, Pale
of the United States 34 species and
subspeclet of wrens, occupying mora
or less completely the .wholo country
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. With
the exception of tho marsh wrens, they
all appear to prefer some cozy nook
for a nesting Bite, and, as It happens,
tho farm buildings afford just tho placo
desired. This has led several of the
wrens to seek out tho habitations of
man, and ho Is benefited by their de
struction of noxious Insects. No spe
cies of wren has been accusod of harm,
and their presenco should be encour
aged about every farm, ranch, vlllngo
or suburban residence.
Tho brown thrnshor breeds "through
out tho United States east of tho
great plains, and winters In tho South
Atlantic nnd Gulf states. It occasion-
ally visits tho garden or orchard, bui
nests in swamps or in groves standing
upon low ground. Tho thrasher's fa
vorito time for singing is in carl
morning, when, perched on the top
of a tall bush or low tree, it gives
an exhibition of vocal powers which
would do credit to a mocking bird.
Indeed, In tho South, where the hitter
bird Is abundant, the thrasher is
known-us the Bandy mocker.
Tho food of Iho brown thrasher
ronslus of both fruit and Insects. An
examination of Glifi stomachs showed
3C per cent of vegetable and 64 of
animal food, prnetlcally all Insects,
and mostly taken In spring beforo
fruit was ripe. Half the Insects wcro
beetles and tho remainder chiefly
grasshoppers, caterpillars, bugs and
spiders. A few predacious beetles
were eaten, but on the wholo the work;
of tho Bpecles as an insect destroyer
may be considered benoflclal.
Eight per cent of Its food Is mndo
up of fruits like raspberries or currants
which are or may bo cultivated, but
tho raspberries at least aro as likely
to belong to wild as to cultivated va
rieties. Drain, mado up mostly of
scattered kernels of oats and corn, is
merely a trifle, amounting to only 3
per cent. Though some of tho corn
may be taken from newly planted
fields, It is amply paid for by the de
struction of May beetles which aro
eaten at tho same timo. Tho rest of
tho food consists of wild fruit or.
seeds. Taken all In nil, the brown
thrasher Is a useful bird, and prob
ably does as good work in Its so
eluded retrcnts as it would about tho.
garden, for the swamps and grooves
aro no doubt tho breeding grounds
of many insects thnt mlgrato thenco
to attack tho crops of tho farmer.
The catbird, like the thrasher, is a
lover of swamps and delights to mako
its homo In a tanglo of wild grape
vines, greenbrlers, and shrubs, where
It is safe from attack and can find its
favorlto food in. abundance. It is
found throughout tho United States
west to tho Rocky mountains, and ex
tends also from Washington, Idaho
and Utah northward into tho prov
inces of Canada. It winters in tho
southern states, Cuba, Mexico and
Reports from tho Mississippi valley
indlcato that the catbird is sometimoa
a serious annoyanco to fruit growers.
Tho reason for such reports may pos
sibly be found in tho fact that on the
prairies fruit-bearing shrubs, which
afford so large a part of this bird's
food, are conspicuously absent. With
tho settlement of this region comes an
extensive planting of orchards, vine
yards and small-fruit gardens, which
furnish shelter and nesting sites for
tho catbird as well as for other spe-
Below; Under Rump Chestnut
cies. There is In consequence a,Iargo
Increase in tho numbers of the 'birds,
but no corresponding gain in tho sup
ply of native fruits upon which they
were accustomed to feed. Under
those circumstances what Is more
natural than for the birds to turn to
cultivated fruits for their food? Tho
remedy is obvious: Cultivated fruits
can bo protected by the simple expedi
ent of planting tho wild species which
aro preferred by tho birds. Some ex
periments with catbirds In captivity
show that tho Russian mulberry Is
preferred to any cultivated fruit
Feed for Balancing Ration.
Every locality in tho country can
produco a kind of feed capable ol
balancing up the corn ration.
CONVEYED ONLY PLAIN TRUTH
Advertisement of Boston Physician
Merely Stated Facts Exactly as
A UoHton physician tells of a Doctor
Reed who, In his time, was ono of tho
prominent medicos of tho Hub. His
large practice Included many patients
outside tho city limits, and these ho
visited in IiIb buggy.
Ono day Doctor Reed bought a new
horse, with which ho wus much
pleased until he discovered that the
animal had an Insurmountable objec
tion to bridges of all kinds, and could
not be mado to cross ono.
Inasmuch as nt that period It was
necessary to cross certain bridges In
order to reach any ono of tho sur
rounding towns,, tho doctor decided to
sell tho horse. He did not think it
necessary to mention tho animal's pe
culiarity, but was much too honest to
misrepresent him, and, nfter some
thought, produced tho following ad
vertisement, which he Inserted In a
"For Sale. A bay horse, warranted
sound and kind. The only reason for
selling Is because tho owner Is obliged
to leave Boston."
Yes, It Could Be Done.
Pat Whelun, tho new lodger, was en
gaged in Incing his shoes in the
kitchen. His landlady, standing near,
"Pat, would you like an egg for
"Faith, ma'am," replied Pat, grimly,
"I heard of a man who ato two and ho
Is alive yet."
A self-mado man is often tho only
one satisfied with the job.
At tho age of thirty a girl begins to
reallzo that she misses tho "Mrs."
If your roofing U not guaran
teed by a responsible company
you run the risk of finding
out its defects after it is on
the roof. It costs no more to get
written guarantee with U bt re
possibility behind it
Buy materials that last
Otir If adlnsr product Is cuarnntrcd 3 years
for 1-ply. 10 year for 2-ply and IS yenr for
J-ply. We also tnoke lower priced roofinjr,
alate surfaced sblnele, building papers, wall
boards, out-door paints, plattlc cement, etc.
Ask your dealer for products made by tn.
They are reasonable lu price and we stand
General Roofing Manufacturing Co.
Worttf target natifaaturtr$ of Hoofing
and HutUing litptrt
NtwYarkGtr Boittt CUcic FlHiliria
riltlVU Atluts Cimliaa Prtrtit
St.Utlt CUthi.il KtuuCily MiuuMEt
SaaFrtsdK SaHl ImJos Hmasrr 3iJr
bbbM fc " jpjpjpjjasfc ssBibVyVffsK
sssssWj c. --5rvx m
m.w a mz,
1. Drink lots of water. 2. Eat slowly. 3.Chew your
food well. 4. Have plenty of chewing gum on hand. Use
it shortly after meals and chew until the "full" feeling
Be sure of the Perfect Gum in the Perfect Package made
clean, kept clean, sealed against all impurities:
The Wrigley Spearmen want to I Mother Goose " stunts " to the
help you remember these bene-1 " tune " of the new Wrigley
long - lasting aids to teeth, I
. breath, appetite and digestion. I
So they have done all the old
lVH. WRIGLEV JR. CO
1318 Keener Building
GET TO KNOW YOUR GOODS
Method by Which One Man "Made
Good" May Be Recommended to
Inaulsltlvcnoss is not gcnorally ro
garded as an admirable trait. Yet
when Inciulsltivcncss is properly di
rected, It is one of tho most useful
habits of mind. A story illustrating
thlH point is told by John J. Arnold,
vice-president of tho First National
bank of Chicago. In a talk to em
ployees of tho members of tho Chi
cag Association of Commcrco ho re
lated tho experience of a young man
ho had known ns a boy In a wholesale
houso In Chicago, whero tho latter
started his career as a helper to a
"Ho got hold of certain classes of
goodB," Mr. Arnold said. "Tho names
appealed to him. He Bet to work and
studied tho history of that particular
fabric. Ho got tho namo of tho fac
tory. Ho wrote to the factory In Eng
land and asked for particulars as to
tho institution. Ho studied that in
stitution from ono end to tho other
and he studied nil of tho fabrics, all
of tho different things that went to
make up that particular pleco of
goods, and In that way he analyzed
every piece of goodB that camo into
his hands. Ho was not satisfied mere
ly to tako tho goods and hand them
out, but ho wanted to know what he
was handing out. Tho result Is, to
day ho Is one of tho most export buy
ers In this city, in ono of its greatest
wholesale houses. Thoso aro the
things that count. Get down to a
study of tho inside workings of the
thing that you aro handling."
An Unfit Companion.
Mrs. Atherton had tried to Impress
upon her young son, Eugene, that he
should play only with good boys.
"Mother," said Eugene, bb he camo
in ono day, "you don't want mo to
play with wicked boya, do you?"
"No, Indeed," said tho mother,
pleased that her son had remembered
"Well, if ono littlo boy klckB anoth
er littlo boy, isn't it wicked for him
to kick him back?"
"Yes, indeed, it is certninlyvery
wicked," wub tho mother's reply.
"Then I don't play with Richard
Whitney any more," said Eugeno;
"ho'o too wicked, I kicked him this
morning, and ho kicked mo back."
How are you getting on as tho pre
siding officer of your new club?"
"Pretty well," replied tho emphatic
"No trouble with parliamentary
"Not much. Tho only difficulty 1
have ia to remember thnt you must
hold on to the gavel and hammer with
it Instead of throwing It."
"Tho politicians nro looking in tho
campaign barrel nud licking their
"Tbat'o because they'ro pork chops."
jingles. Their book is
in four colors. It's free. Send
for your copy today. Address
Get tho Premiums!
Europe Loses Sweet Tooth.
Tho girls they left behind them
tho nrltlsh Tommy, his French col
lcaguo and his German enemy went
off to tho war suffered a good deal
mora than hnB been supposed up to
Tho candy export figures from this
country prove it. Europo curtailed tho
boan supply of the United Statcn when
Austria's exports wcro stopped. Now
America has retaliated by reducing
tho quantity of candy sent to the old
Tho first flvo months of tho war
caused n decrcaso a decreaso of $153,
823 In valuo of candy exports from tho
United States, as compared with the
samo period of the year before. Tho
value of tho total exports of candy
for tho calendar year $1,185,694.
The Outside of the Cup.
Aunt Mlttlo Mills enjoyed a wide
reputntlon among her acquaintances
for all tho household virtues. She was
as neat as tho proverbial pin. Once,
however, in order to sustain that repu
tation, sho admitted resorting to de
ception. A neighbor, an intimato friend, pass
ing her homo, discovered her Indus
triously scrubbing her piazza floor,
and sought an explanation.
"I thought," said Aunt Mlttlo, catch
ing a breath, "if passers-by see this
plazzy clean they wouldn't suspect
how my kitchen looks." Youth's Com
panion. Didn't Break Her Word.
"Maud married! Why only last Juno
sho told me sho wouldn't marry tho
best man that walks tho earth."
"That's all right; tho man sho mar
ried rides In an automobile."
Have Sharp Ears.
"Women nro not good listeners."
"Evidently you've never had much
experience with femalo help."
pulsory In Canada but there is a great demand for farm labor to replace the many
young men who have volunteered for service. The climate Is healthful and
agreeable, railway facilities excellent, good schools and churches convenient
Write for literature and particulars as to reduced railway rates to Superintendent
Immigration, Ottawa, Canada, or to
W.V. Uennett,22017(h St., Room
4, Dee Building, Omaha, Nebr.
Canadian Goveratneat Aisat
28 - pages
The Man's View. (
Penelope My book of dancing ruleis
says, "Don't hold tho lady too closa."
Pcrclval Imposslblol Judgo. '
Whon tho nverago man has occa
sion to boast of his past ho selects a
part of It that others have forgotten.!
No War Tax sa Homestead Uad la CaaaJa
The report that war tax Is to be placed on
Uomeatead lands In Western Gn&a baviBg
been nlren considerable circulation In too
United Htates, thin Is to advise alr.eiMialrera
that no such tax ban been placed, nor la tbera
any Intention to place a war tax of any natnra
on aticb lands. (Hlirned) W. D. Scott, Knpt. ol
Immigration, Ottawa, Canada, March 18 in, ltU
Heat quality at lowest
prices. New Illustra
ted catalogue nUUL
Fall 10 lbs. Tnebesto lion- nilfir Ufllirif
ey, (alfalfa) SI.7S post- rUHfc MINtl
paid. Pall iOlbs. Amber Will. HIHILI
Blralned Iioney (wild flowers) IIJ5 postpaid.
TV Cskrsa HMry tYslscsrs Amsu, Cs-O. Ossjms
NaHL nLal Whest and Corn Lana fur Bala W
nSIU 1UtU faavelWaerraudMaatMfarnlaal
for sals, price Ku and t per arm, on easy Ursui
localrd on the Mew llocl ford -Montana nVs of to
flL Northern and ant of Wilton oa Honhoia
1'aelno. UlSMAltCK HaUITY CO.. BUmonk,
In llit Wheat Ball teKKTSMa
boan ttealty Co., Whlu tjolpbar Bprinxa.MoS
Booms from 11.00 op single, 75 c
up slna-ie. 75 cent up double
CAFE PRICKS REASONABLE
Auto Lubricating Oils,
drum, Gisillne, KirettM, Eli.
Write, call or wire us for special price
MUTUAL OIL COMPANY.
FHEMOHT AND UPKRIOH, MtWIAtlci
W. N. U., LINCOLN, NO. 14-1915.
Canada is Cal.inY6u
to her Richmeat Lands
-She extends to Americans a hearty in
vitation to settle on her FREE Home
stead lands of 160 acres each or secure
some of the low priced lands in Mani
toba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.
This year wheat Is higher but Canadian laadiust
as cheap, so the opportunity is more attractive than
ever. Canada wants you to help to feed the world
by tilling some of her soil land similar to that
which durinc manv vears has averased 29 to 45
of wheat to the acre. Think what yon
make with wheat around 91 busbel ana
land so easy to get Wonderful yields also of
Oats, Barley and Flax. Mixed farming
is fully as profitable an Industry as grala
The Government this year Is asking
farmers to put increased acreage into
grain. Military service is not com
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