Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 7, 1888)
- - -S- -
AN, EXPENSIVE LUXURY.
TWhat It Costs to Send Cabte Measacea t
Various Iarts of the Globe.
The charges for cable service are so
outrageously out of proportion to laud
service that inexperienced persons are
-staggered. Now u ten-word messngo,
with its direction and signature, costs
only $1 to San Fraucisco. and, count
ing' the address and signature suven
words, not less than $117.93 to Aspin
wall, and yet the distance is about the
same. The American cable companies
are not responsible for these terrific
rates, for they have to charge the rates
prescribed by the governments or com
panies they connect with.
Now, to send anywhere across tho
Atlantic it costs, lirst of all. 12 cents a
word. That is the rate to Great llritain,
Ireland, France and Germany, but you
have got to add to this S cents a word
to send to Algeria via Marseilles, $1.70
a word to Aden via Bombay, 14 cents
to Bulgaria. $1.20 to Capo Verdo
Inlands. $2.0." to $2.50 to various points
in China. $2.Gl to Corea. 10 cents to
Denmark. 24 to Go cents to Turkey, ii
cents to Switzerland, and so on. It
costs more to sond to South America
than anywhere else, the tariff to Co
lombia being $6.6S a word, Ecuador
$5.St. Peru, from $3.3.i to $."i.45. and
Uruguay $2.71. You can got an idea
of the difference in rates by comparing
the rates to China and Australia. It
costs $4.0.") to send to Northern Aus
tralia, and only $2.03 to $2.50 to Chinese
Some people think the present rate
to Great llritain high at 12 cents a
word. There are some interesting
facts connected with cable charges.
The first cable tariff between Now
York and London during August. Sep
tember and October, 18'JG. was $100 for
twenty words of not more than one
hundred letters. Twenty words now
cost $2.40. Then you had to pay for
twenty words anyway. During tho
latter part of lSi!i the Kite was cut
flown to $50 for twenty words of 100
letters, and since that time it has como
down steadily. I5y looking over tho
old cable company's tariffs we can find
mi interesting table:
!.;. three months. .fUW 01
USES OF ALUMINIUM.
Facts Aboat a Sobstsaee Which Han Keea
Called the Metal or the Future.
Aluminium, tho commonest, the
hardest, tho lightest and tho most
durable of metals, is yet of recent dis
covery, comparatively speaking, and
but little used. Thousands of dollars
have been spent in the metallurgy of
this metal, without, apparently, any
very satisfactory results; and though
vast strides have been imide within the
past few years, tho use of aluminium is
still in its infancy.
Aluminium, the metallic base of
alumina, and 'the metal of tho future,"
as it has been called, is a
metal much resembling silver. Very
little of it is made in this country, the
THE BLACK DIAMOND.
The Almost Incomprehensible Ma -ait ail
or the World's Coal Industry.
The total production in the world I
put at 420.000.000 tons, of which Great
Britain does 160,000,000. tho United
Suites 120,000,000. and Germany 7.V
000,000 of tons. The production in the
United States is divided between thirty
one States and Territories, the largest,
of course, being Pennsylvania, which
last year gave us 34,000,000 of anthra
cite, and 30.000,000 of bituminous. In
money value the output in tho United
States is safely $.10,000,000 in the
whitish ! markets where used. This is greater
than the value of the gold silver, cot
ton, and petroloum produced in our
largest quantities being made in En-1 country. The first mention of tha dis-
A man is judged by the clolcos
that be wears at business and a woman
by the clothes that she does not we;r
in the ball room. Ml reliant Traveler.
It takes philosophy to make a man
happy in this world. If he can't get
philosophy a couple of hundred thou
sand dollars will generally do. Jour
nal of Ednrntian.
A cynical man says that there nro
two occasions when he would like to Iks
present. One is when the gas company
pays its water bill; the other is wheu
the water company pays its gas bill.
It is said that in some parts of
Africa there are birds with bills a yard
in length. Thoe who believe in tho
transmigration of souls will at once
; ;..m. .. ,1., 1.. r .i.. ... ..
gland. Germany and France. Tho , covery of coal in the United States is bv J , "I l" . ' J
pure metal is very difficult to work, Hennepin, who mentions finding it in! J, mber In transit. iw:r.'iW trea
and can not bo soldered, consequently , Illinois when on his travels from the ! ',,, ,. . .. , .., , -it
can only bo used to a limited extent great lakes to the Mississippi, at or . - ''"V mreV of Pco"n
. t hi; iii.n. i miMUitt; in u was mail
where it can bo riveted, or employed i near the place now known as Ottawa.
in solid pieces, aud this renders it only i Father La Salle does not tako much
suitable for making certain pieces of . stock in manv of the reports of Hen-
nepm as put uown in ms discoveries.
!. to 1W 5(J lO
lMi, to l;-i IS HI
t l-0'l lti S7
To June. 1 u nun
is-atoUTi 7 mi
ii to is:. m i4i
1-C! l' 1T3 10)
1-fr.uo rci i ti
Oni: month, lT2 1 ."
Then the rate came down steadily to
75 cents. G2 cents. 50 cents, 40 cents.
25 cents, and finally to 12 cents, mak
ing the rate for ten words with direc
tions about one-third what it used to
be to San Franeiseo. Boston Herald.
3) vrorls 1(n letters
-Jiironis l.) loiter-;
1 1 word-i 6D letters
W tvonls .VI letters
jewelry and articles for table use or for
ornament. When chased or mado to
look dull or frosted it quickly soils,
but a watch case simply polished will
wear for twenty years without chango
or tarnish, even if touched by acid. A
Broadway jeweler shows some very
pretty rings in this metal set with
diamonds. A set of after-dinner coffco
spoons has a repousse design on tho
handles and gilded bowls. They aro
very handsome and aro much lighter
than silver spoons of the same size,
which is certainly a recommendation.
Bangles are also very effective when
made of this metal. Mr. George Loril
lard, appreciating the lightness of
aluminium, had shoes made for one of
his favorite horses. It is used for
making cigarette crises and frames of
opera glasses. Bookbinders use it, and
the lettering on lead pencils is fre
quently made of it. It also make3 very
excellent pens, and will not corrode iu
The pure metal may be purchased in
this city at $15 a pound, and the alloy
at e, but it is expected that the price
will be even lower before long.
But the chief uses of aluminium are
in the forms of alloy, which seem des
tined to take the place of steel, iron
and other metals where thov are ex-
but the result has shown that in this
instance, at least, the truth was record
ed. It is is put down as a "cole" mine.
Colonel "William Byrd. in his history of
Virginia, tells of its discovery in that
State in the year 1701. being found in
what is known as the Richmond basin.
although it was not until 1780 that it i
was worked for sale and use. Anthra-
in the footing of their lost bill, and
they inclose a check for the amount."
Employer "All right, send a receipt;
but we must look out for that firm
hereafter. They're too honest."'
Joseph Cook writes that every
man should spend one dollar on mis
sions for every five dollars that ho
spends on himself. Fogg says that
this is the strongest argument for
economy in one's personal expenses
cite was used during tho revolutionary , Bustl)n Tran,rrf,lL
"What in the world, John." asked
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Sheep do better on short pasture,
as they graze close to the ground.
Tall timothy or clover does not suit
When grain or grass is ready for
the barn, house it at once. Every
day It remains in the field it loses in
value. Jtur.tl Xeia Yorker.
A poor tool on tho farm imposes a
tax upon tho user every day it is em
ployed, often greater in a year than
the whole priee of a good tool.
Trail tomato vines on trellises, and
they will not be weighted to the ground
by the fruit. More air and warmth
will reach the tomato, and rot is often
Honey is said to be a remedy for
insomnia. It should be eaten freely
on bread immediately before retiring.
The sleepless should bo willing to try
so sweet a remedy.
An eminent botanist says that
best time to prune vines is while
grapes are ripening, and that
young shoots should be selected
this purpose. :is they require for their
development a la
ence the world over, that clover used
in a rotation where other crop.-, aro
well manured will return to the surface
An analytical ehemi-u. of Cincin
nati, for sanitary purposes udvoeai.
the boiling of milk before using. ;uid
says his own five-year-oM daughter has
never drunk a cup that 1i:ls not been
There is a man in Atchison who
builds an addition to his hou.-e everv
timea daughter gets married, in antici
pation, ne says, oi the time when Mi
will bring her husband and child
home to live with him.
San Francisco claims it takes less
police force in proportion to popul:t
tion to preserve order in that city tnan
it does in New York. Philadelphia.
Chicago. Brooklyn. St. Louis. Hoston.
Baltimore or Cincinnati. Yet the orig
inal population of that city came from
every portion of the world.
A Philadelphia man one day swal
lowed his teeth while eating fruit at a
street stand. It took a button hook, a
policeman and a file, of men. with
power to win any tug of war in the
country, to dislodge the distressing
impediment from tin man's throat.
svelopment a largo quantity of sugar. .rK' .. ..." """ n "'-
,i i , ,7.1 - Ihe policeman did the best prelimiu-
the detriment of the ripening fruit. ',..' . ... , . . ' ""H
t, : r . it - nr w ol 'f Wlth lu3 vigorous thumnin"-
It is a fact, confirmed by experi- i ., ...... , , ",l""i""
war at Carlisle. It was transported
from Susquehanna, from the vicinihy of
Wilkcsbarre, in Hat boats. As a com
mercial venture, however, it was not of
any moment until 1820, when the first
coal was sent by the Lehigh canal, in
1825 by the Schuylkill canal, and in
1829 by the Delaware and Hudson
It is only within a few weeks that the
his wife, "did you open that can of
tomatoes with?" "Can-opener, of
course," he growled: "what do you
s'pose I opened it with?" "I thought,
from the language you used, you were
opening it with prayer." Life.
Mr. McDude "What a wonderful
thing is space. Miss Ethel! The im
mensity of it quite fills mv brain."
Jfkll ftl4Tktsr? ?! .1iftiititti nnt n
i i . r i .x. ' i . . I moie than he could swi
much plant food otherwise lost to voge- .
;,. . ;., . ...-. t. , .-, I" the course of a
cured for hay.
There's many a little tough, dricd
up. weather-beaten farmer in the back
districts whose only knowledge ofa pen
is the one which confined its swine,
who can give more hard, sound com
mon-sense hints on practical
of the victim's back, though the crowd
( grew loud and indignant over what
seemed an outrage. They did not
. know the gentleman had biUeu off
in Stringtown the other day the colored
minister made frequent u.-e of the
Scripture, "the quick and th dead."
and every time he used it Ins wonl.t
t cast his eye toward the doctor in the
I case, against whom he had a trrudire.
semi-centennial or ocean steam naviga- i Miss Ethel (sarcastically) "So I
tion has been held. In 1838 the steamer i should iangine. Mr. Mel) ufe. from tho
Sirius, of 703 tons register. 1,340 tons ' nature of your conversation." Aud a
burden, arrived at New York. It took ( blizzaitl stood between them during the
her fourteen days, and she used GOO remainder of the voyage. Ocean."
tons to make tho voyage. Now we I "What this country wants." said
' have the Etruria. with a burden ol the man who talks nolities nn the street.
7,718 tons and using 2,000 tons and , car, "is men who are not afraid to meet
making the trip in six days. It is , their obligations." Then he noticed
stated that the exports from Great Brit-' that in the crowd tho conductor had
ain for tho use of foreign steamers is ' overlooked him. and he dropped otT
7.000.000 tons :innn:il!v. At. Voir Ym-fc I ! ...... .. !. I,...'- .,,...,,. ..... u: . .!..:
posedtoheavywork.itstensilest,vngtlijHionethooceanstearaeretakeonlto fm. fe.u. the J M d-
being far creator than that of steel. nr.n .,., ,..i,;i.. :r ..:... :.i.. i ,
i wty i.iriiT. ii iiiii; ii i. miiiv nil - iiiiiit'i', ' 4ie-i im td . . inirriiin fin. ihj
' - - -ww ..' v. VW- , A Mil IMHV J. It I COO.
THE SUMMER BOARDER.
omi of the PIratant UfUrrtlou la Which
lie It'.t to liiilulgr.
Where there are no mosquitos there
are apt to be bed-bugs.
The prettiest boarder is always
mashed before you get thero.
The boat always capsizes when you
have your best clothes on.
A smile from tho landlady's daughter
ha protracted many a vacation.
The religious girl doesn't miss going
to church as much as she had thought.
Never lend to the young widow
whose funds did not arrive when ex
pected. The old maid may be near-sighted,
but she doesn't miss much that is going
The mother always likes to go to the
place where you have asked her
The landlord who can interest his
I he chief alloys aro copper and anti
mony, but alloyed with brass it gives
out a clear, ringing sound when struck
and makes an excellent metal for bells.
Aluminium bronze is used in making
propeller screws, it not being affected
by water, and neither does it corrode.
Aluminium iron holds its color, gives a
finer grain and prevents sand holes in
me e;isuii. Aiioyea witn zinc, cop
per and nickel it has a pale, yellow
tint, while with 5 per cent, aluminium
and the rest copjier it takes a rich yel
low similar to brass. These alloy are
used for harness, or wherever a yellow
metal is desired. They are rapidly
tailing tho place of brass, being far
less apt to tarnish and much mora
easily cleaned. Tho new steamers now
being made in England are being fitted
with this metal in preference to any
other. There would also seem to be a
large field for it in the manufacture of
musical instruments that aro now made
The alloys aro also used in small
household articles. Agents for an En
glish firm show samples of almost every
article necessary for table use castors,
cups, spoons, knives, forks, nut-crack-
ters, tea-pots anu candlesticks in au
anon me vessels on tne rivers, the in
land lakes, and the coast, we might
make the sum total 10.000.000 tons.
The railway companies of the United
States furnish the next largest con
sumer. It is stated that 22.000.000 ol
I ,n,lwi,t irwl en ...I... ........T- .... 1 .1
f:inn ' a...,.i ti.:. :.. , .
Tr.,....ro,...t i ,. lir..,...! t.,ltJ.l,o ...,. I "-'"- -""" ' HV.WlJ as IKltl a
of these theorists could by tho devo- lJf g uf the rawinin? of the text a
tions of a year's space in his "depart- !hf " " bo"ler ew.pap,r which al-
merit I ' ,I1 " .nm mv vivtuns
If tho cover of a tin can of baking! j of a lurid bar-room pistol matinee as
powder be so tight as to require much the timek and the dt:;ld' respectively,
time and labor in getting it off when I A Maine fishing schooner recently
fii-st opened, do not put itmag!iin even ' cau5ilt on t!l tleorges Banks, on a
lightly, because the probabilities aro liaIibt trawl, a queer fish. It weighed
it will always make trouble. Instead. , seventy-five pounds, and is described
tio a piece of thick paper oer the can; ; " bJr "about as large as the top of
it will answer the purpose of the tin a 'pl-'ad. and almost as broad as
cover in keeping out the air and dust IonST-" When first taken from the
and one is sure it can be quickly re- J watci t was of a brijrht red color and
moved. t marked with silver spots, varying in
Salt Fish: Boil in plenty of water j 8lze from that of a three-cent piece to
A Waterburv woman n...-sd $1,000
her husband sent her to put in a safo
place, and instead of advertising her couple of onions, fry
loss in the local papers she went to bed till they begin to c
and dreamed where her money was con
cealed. This may be cheaper than ad-
tons are used annually by the railways , vertising. but if everybody was to ro
ltm lif l-fc.arkl ..iniliLii .!1,,u
carders in farming soon has his crops J . " . ' , . '
gathered. X1 vantages that it boasts over
The landlord who doesn't call hIs ' l-or are that it is cheaper, and does
. . - ... ... not tarnish easily nor corrode, and tho
well a mineral spring must get his milk. , . . . .. "" .
very -he-n advantage over plated silver is that it
.t luv liu. "1V.UU ,111 mo . LUtUUil,
there being no outside plate to wear
off. And it has liccn suggested that
cooking utensils be made of one of tho
alloys, as it is not acted upon by acids.
An attempt is to be made to introduce
it into the manufacture of tho fancy
of the country. Iron may be set
down as the next largest consumer. It
is safe to say that 14.000,000 of tons
were used in making pig-iron in the
United States last year. Tho produc
tion of coke in the United States is set
down at 9.000.000 of tons for last year,
and this would represent 15,000.000 ol
coal. Gas-makiug in tho United States
is another large consumerand might be
put down for 5,000.000 of tons. Now,
the remainder can be credited to what
we call, domestic consumption, and
from careful estimates and statistics
which have beon gathered "it is seen
that two tons per annum per inhab
itant is about tho average consump
tion, particularly in the larger cities.
What is a million of tons? Did you
ever stop to consider what is meant by I
that phrase? Just fancy, if vou can '
grasp the idea, that last year we mined
120.000.000 of tons in the United States
alone. This is a large tonnage, and
you hardly know what to mako of it.
One million of tons would represent
a string of gondola cars, twenty-five
sort to dreaming for the rceox'erj of
lost articles it would be pretty rough
on the newspapers. Xurrisrille Ih raid.
"Ma." remonstrated Bobby, "when
I was at grandma's she let me have two
pieces of pie." "Well, she ought not
to have done so. Bobby," said his moth
er. "I think two pieces of pie are too
much for little boys. The older you
grow. lioooy, tne moro wisdom you
will gain." Bobby was silenced, but
only for a moment. "Well, ma." ho
said, "grandma is a good deal older
than you are." Christian Advocate.
Enormous Palm Trees.
tnat ol a silver dollar. Alter the fi-h
had been out of the water a while, the
red became purple, except on the fins.
which retained their vivid hue. The
fins, three in number, wero small in
proportion to tho body, and the tail
was short and broad.
"What b-e-a-u-tiful peaches." said
an old lady as she stopped at a stall in
tho market and admired a basket of
early peaches. They were covered
with pink gauze and looked very tempt
ing. The old lady bought the peaches
and took them home. The next day
sho appeared again at the stall and
showed the stallkeeper a small piece
of pink net. "Do you keep that kind
Thehugo palm trees on tho Saunder's
place tin Saa Pedro street have long
been a source of admiration to thou
sands of people. They wero there long
before the present occupant took pos
session, and are estimated to be from
sixty-five to seventy-live veal's old. The
diameter of the largest is fully four feet
and the height over sixty feet, whilo
the bodies of all rise like well-rounded
a piece or salt lish that has been in
soak for at least twenty-four hours.
When sufficiently boiled to allow of it,
pick out all the flesh in small Hakes,
and put it by. Slice very finely a
them in salad oil
olor; add tomato
sauce, a dash of pepper, and the cod
fish. Let the whole simmer on a very
slow fire for a eouple of hours, shak
ing the saucepan occasionally.
It does not appear to be generally
known, even among farmers, "that the
value of lime as a fertilizer depends al
most entirely on condition and com
position of the soil to which it is ap
plied. If any injurious acids exist in
the sou it may neutralize them by of veiling for sale? she asked. Tho
forming a new compound which is suit-j stallkeeper told her that he did not.
able for plant food. Again, lime is the "Well," she said, "when I got them
most active agent for rendering the peaches home they were small' and
soil mellow and setting the plant food sour and green, and I thought if I
free to be assimilated by vegetation, ' could get some of that stuff that made
while it is itself a direct plant food. In them look so pretty and plump in tho
fact, there are few kinds of soil which basket I'd wear it myself. If it would
are not benefited by a coat of lime moro improve me as much as it did tho
or less heavy, according to the condi
tion of the soil.
CULTIVATION OF WHEAT.
Colonel Curtis System of isolation
Method of Manuring.
I have raised thirty-five bushels of
Were the Property of Tlieir
bands ami Hail No Kislit.
In f hn ntu.li. ......... ..f f 1- - .
,,-..,. Trli-.t ti, ,....-. i-w f!!... " ""- "" '-' nu'o'--s Ul iuui:i msior
s ..i.. .pi - . .'there is reason to believe
peaches folks would think I'd
the Elija of life." Detroit Free
long ride to the
few minutes from
It is generally a
house that is only a
The landlord's pretty daughter will
nibble at any bait, but she is very hard
to reiteh. Vi
The house where no children aro
Jltia nrosw tnmminira nnar art
taken is generally already filled with milcn the fashion, as it ran he .Ir.-,,,.,
out into a fine, thin wire and docs not
pillars symmetrically formed for forty
tons each, forty in a train, and a . feet or more to tho well nronnrtioneil
thousand of such trains. They would . but not wide-spreadingtops. Recently
stretch across this continent running Mr. Saunders disposed of three of them
only a mile apart. It is, no doubt, to the Southern Pacific Company for
difficult to irras; the idea of this . ornamentation of tiieirsit:ieIoiis'roiituU
quantity magnified 120 times. If you surrounding the Wolfskill station. Tho ' is Put " the srface and harrowed in
can do so then you have some idea of work of removing the lirot of these
, the extent and magnitude of our fuel . stately trees has b?en successfully ae-
consumptiou iu the United States, comp'.ished, requiring the carrying
nat is it worthr o can best answer alomr of a body of earth ten feet
ing culture. The previous crops had
been corn and oats. This is the usual
rotation in this section of the State.
Sod ground is plowed for the corn and
the land is manured with barn-manure
either plowed under or put on the
autumn before. The last is the best
way. If a farmer has barn-manure it
wiin tne wneat. anu it ne has none,
commercial fertilizers are used. No
one thinks of getting a good crop of
wheat without some extra fertilizer.
I Koman wife was completely under the
control of her husband. Tho Koman
idea of a family made the father a des
pot, with power of life and death over
his children, who could do nothing
without his consent. This was the case
in regard to the male children, even
after they had reached a considerable
age. Women, accordingto the opinion
of the early Romans, were always chil
dren. They required protection and
guidance during their whole life, and
It is always the cat belonging to tho
next house that catches the boarder's
The man who telegraphs home for
more money is probably spending it on
some one else.
The timid boarder" who never gets
enough to eat is apt to attribute it to
nn increased appetite.
Unless you want to make an enemy
never ask a boarder if Imj has summered
at the place before.
The homely girl can never get enough
swinging or boating, but sho never likes
to carry the basket.
The cows are always a long way oil
when you go out with the landlady's
daughter to bring them home.
The pretty boarder never uses a chair
to get into the hammock unless her
pretty stockings are in the wash.
You may think yourself very shrewd
to discoverthat the fresh milk and veg
etables are purchased in the city, but
the knowledge won't mako you any tho
The man who goes to a place whero
good fishing is announced is apt to lose
faith in human nature when ho finds
that none of the country boys ever try
tocatch any. James Jay 0 Council, in
A silver crowu piece, known as
the petition crown." of the reign of
Charles II., fotched $1,775 at a recent
sale in England. At the latest previous
sale a similar coin had brought only
f 1 V2o. A sovereign of Edward VI. 'a
time brought 52o, a 50-shilling pieco
of tho Cromwell era $760. and an Ox
ford crown .r85. A ponny of Ethelbald
In fact, it seem as if it might be used
wherever metal is required, in what
ever manner, whether for beauty, light
ness, strength or durability.-itf". i'.
Mail and Express.
..,i,. 1,1 .. . 1 r r t
this question by giving tho value at ' square and six feet deep, attached to I In m-v own ca!"c a heavy coat of barn- trol Accordinr . "" ,1 .."i
, r- " - ..
Greetl for Wealth and Its
Effects on Its Victim.
It is ono of the marked characteristics
of greed, that there is no satisfying it
or allaying its cravings. You may
gorge a greedy man until ho is ready
to burst, until not another morsel of
food can be forced into his craw, and
he will still be iu distress becauso he
can hold no more. And so of the man
whose only thought is to increase his
wealth: the moro ho crets the more he
wants, and tho less serunulous he bo- of the s:une State. Tho general area
comes tis to tho means by which his of co.untry in which this fuel is found
ends arc to bo accomplished. At the
i. :: ..r. i ? i . . .
me initmi iKiiut ui prouuciion. as mo . anu surrounding tne roots, me ap
priee varies with the distance from the paratus for removal is similar to that
mines. Taking the 34.000,000 tons of , used in transferring buildings, and
anthracite coal producod last year, at j when the tree was properly placed
a value of $2.f0 a ton, would bo a fair t upon it in an upright position it was
basis, and tho 85,000,000 of bituminous j moved along without the use of guy
at $1.2.5 per ton. It takes an army of ropes to ste:uly it until its place of de
273,000 persons merely to produce and posit was reached. A well is situated
prepare' this commodity for the mar- i between where this tree stood and two
ket, to say nothing of thoso who aro others known as the twins, and tho
enonwil in the tr.iffie .ifter it. h,., boon roots of the " penetrated the well
, , , .. . .. at a depth of tweni
produced-along railways, at shipping w w
nnintc. in tno vnrric - It. ic enfo fr
say that 90 pec cent, of tho selling i Curiosities of Plant Life.
price ai, wnoiesate is inaue up oi wages In somo of SoVada is a curious !
paid. The mam source of supply of plant callcd tho ..AlIjrrv trec. It is j
hard coal is found in five counties in a n.ltivo ofAu3tnilia, und soraewhat
the State of Pennsylvania, thero being rmhies the centurv nbint. It- nr.mo.
detached base in three other
outset a man who is eager to get rich
will have some respecfc for the rights of
others, and will hesitate about grind
ing money out of his fellow men in dis
honest ways, but with increase of
wealth he grows less and less scrupu
lous as to how his gains are to be
secured, until at last lie will allow no
man's rights to stand in his way, and
will unhesitatingly compromise honor,
decency, and every principle of justice
than be checked in his ambition to be
come more and more wealthy. When
jreed is allowed its own way it will
continue to gain a firmer and firmer
hold upon a man until it drives from
his breast every feeling of sympathy,
love and compassion for his brother
man; it will sap him of his strength to
resist the assault3 of avarice, and will
shrivel up his soul until none of those
manlv virtues which raise man above
the. brutejcaiitfdUlodflrmentinhl I."
does not exceed 470 square miles.
There are five principal railway lines
centering in these districts, which
COIIIILIOS t J- lrt if Jtu MrVltrit. rrtV'lt tn "it li.-tnr
-j vsw .w 'i-'M4vuv tu.uiuiuu uu i7Will
disturbed. When transplanted each
separate leaf stands up in a
direction, like quills on a porcupine or
hairs on the tail of an angry cat. At such
times it gives forth an unpleasant odor.
auoru uisiriouungiacuuiesio an pans . Hko t, t of a r:lttiesnake when teased.
w iU ,.... .u. .I..U a. and sometimes it is fully an hour bo
annual increase in the production has . frrt it ,,.... rt,.mn .h-. n!lii
been at the rate of 5 per cent, per
annum within tho last few years,
although at times it has jumped to 10
per cent, per annum. The distribu
tion made is in proportion of CO por
cent, to Pennsylvania, Xew York, and
New Jersey. 20 per cent, to the New
England states,, 10 per cent, to the
Western States, and the remainder i
distributed to Canada, to tho Southern
States, the Pacific coast and some little
to foreign parts. F. E. Seward, in
Coal Trade Annual.
Three years after the landing o!
the English colonists at Jamestown, Va,,
manure, made during the summer, was
put on and well harrowed in. Tho
wheat was sown broadcast, and as the
land was a clay-loam it was not rolled,
as it was not necessary for securing the
needed compactness of soil. If the
land is mellow and light it is always
best to roll it, as wheat will do better
in a firm and compact soil. The roots
take a stronger hold and tho plants
will not rise up so readily when pried
more. , Dy the frost. In the spring, if the
ground is baked, crusty and hard, it
, snouiu De gone over witn a square
i toothed harrow.
In my crop, no extra work was done.
1 After the wheat had been harvested,
tho land was plowed, manured and
sown with fiat turnips. The weather
being very dry. the turnips did not
come up soon enough to make a good
crop. Enough wheat came up to make
, it an object to let it grow, and in this
way a good crop was obtained of volun
teer wheat. The best way to prepare
the ground for a good crop of wheat, is ,
to make it rich. Barn manure is the '
best. The so-called "phosphates'' will
.iiuuuiur uiuiusity iu me, ' i : ,i. ..v. i .t i.... ...
plant world is a peculiar kipd of weed wi1(,:lt.mtt.,,.(,n nl,i ,nnf1, -,.
" - " - .w akhjH VS-IS.,
ints to iretasrood
or land in a high
!...... , !...... i,. i , wheat-grower on old
which grows m the Arkansas valley, j all tho n hewa
It is shaped hko a bell, and varies laj jjiover sod.
size from one foot or loss in djynejlHkyflknjlE:,.s2r. '.
to five or six feet, some
inr as fall ns a man. Wh
balls snamftY their stems
bung over the prairies witli every
gust of wind. They present a very
stningeappearancp,,and in the distance
hunters have mistaken them for bisons.
Often they come bounding along in
hundreds upon the hunters, who arS
compelled to crowd upon the ground to
ill usually bring
on such land the
ed by using sev-
ds of a commercial
Any old sod land
married, she had to ehoo?e whether
shy would remain under the control of
her father or pass into eontrol.or. as it
was called, into the hands of her hus
band. It is likely that in tho early ages of
the city she always passed from tho
power of her father into the hands of
her husband, and the position she occu
pied was that of a daughter to her hus
band. She thus became entirely sub
ject to him, anil was at his mercy.
Koman history supplies many instances
of the despotism which husbands exer
cised over their wives. The slightest
indiscretion was sometimes punished
by death, while men might do what
they liked without let or hindrance.
"If you were to catch your wife."' was
the law laid down by Cato the Censor,
"in an act of infidelity you would kill
her with impunity without a trial; but
if she were to catch you she would not
venture 10 touch you with her fin"
and, indeed, she has no ri"-ht."
Wives were prohibited front tasting
wine at the risk of the severest penal"
ties. The conduct of Ignatius was
praised, who. surprising hi-j wife in
the act of sipping tho forbidden liquor,
beat her to death. Theame stern ness
appears in the reasons which'inducod
some of the Romans to dismiss their
wives. Suspicious Gallus dismissed
his because she appeared in the streets
fertilizer ArlHr Any old sod land w"ftot a veil. Antistius Vatus dis
may be fhdVr heat by plowing in mw3ed hIs hecause he saw her speak-
July and severarharrowings. This is n secretly to a freed woman in pub-
a shorter cut than the old method of ic and p- Sempronius Sophus sent his
summer-fallowing, in which our fathers RWQy becauso she had ventured togc
had so much, faith, and by which they to, tne Pulic games without informing
wheat. ir. JO. Cur- "" Ul uw movements. Lonumporaru
" -"?si, a-sw -"
fit . -.- --S-.,..' 1 I I -IT I 1-iiiM
tjaMt i jjlz
Powered by Open ONI