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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 2, 1884)
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JERS02UL Aim LITEBABT.
Jay Gould's income is reckoned to
be at the rate of nine dollars a minute.
At the last town meeting at Hop
kinston, N. II., Deacon Weeks and Dea
con Currier cast their sixty-first and
sixtieth anuual ballots. Boston Post.
Mrs. John C. Fremont is writing
tier recollections of the noted people
she has known since her .father began
to jo to Congress yeara ago. X. 1".
The most expensive look ever pub
lished by a single individual is Lord
Kingsborough's 'Mexico." It has
seven volumes, with one thousand col
ored illustrations, and cost $.'100,000.
Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe denies
her publisher's statement that she
would have taken one hundred dollars
for the MS. of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
when she Hrst offered it for publication.
Hut she admits she was surprised at
its success. AT. Y. Sun.
Henry W. Shaw, the Josh Billing
of comic print, ruthlessly crushes anotn
cr fond fallacy of the people. He denies
the story that a man in Michigan left in
a will five thousand dollars each to
himself and Eli Perkins. Mr. Shaw
thinks that this pleasant bit of fiction
was the work of Mr. Perkins, in fact.
Of three noted millionaires, C. P.
Huntington, Mark Hopkins and Gov
ernor Stanford, all of whom made their
enormous fortunes chielly out of Cen
tral Pacific, none but the third has ever
had a child. Governor Stanford had a
hon who died a few weeks ago in lulv,
about si teen years old. Neither of thu
three has a direct descendant to whom
to leave his property. Indianapola
The most prolific and industrious
living writer outside of a newspaper
office is undoubtedly Mrs. Oliphant, the
novelist. Like Anthony Trollope, she
can carry on three serial stories at once.
lies:des a great number of novels, she
lias written essays, travels, crit.eisms,
etc , without end. Also, her work rises
to a higher standard as she grows older.
winch cannot bo said of all writers.
Moncuro D. Conway intends to re
turn to his native land. Mr. Conway
lias been abroad twenty years, as min
ister, lecturer and newspaper corre
spondent. It was in 1853 that he left
America, worn with work, tired of the
ministry, and doubtful of the success of
the anti-slavery cau-e, in wh eh he had
been an untiring worker. On his re
turn to this country he will probably
settle down in Washington.
"A happy medium" one
makes money in the clairvoyant
iiess. ihc mm.
"An that's the pillar of Hercules?"
she said, adjusting hersilverspectaeles.
44 Gracious! what's the rest of his bed
slothes like, I wonder?"
It is a sir-prize
the girls are after
mis year. But me men are
cautious and are not to be m .ss-taken
thus easily. Indianapolis t-cisiors.
Ladies are said to Le working their
way into the watch business, because
they produce handsomer faces and
more delicate hands than men. A'. Y.
A young and briefless lawyer who
calls upon his lady acquaintances a good
dial in the evenings, deceives his father
with the story that he had a great deal
of court practice. A'. Y. Commercial
James, who was trying to sew a
mew button on his coat, murmured -
'lhey say there s a new yacht tnat
makes fifteen miles an hour, but this
thread makes twenty knots a minute."
A lady in Toronto got to laughing
to hard 01 crsonic amusing incident that
fine couldn t stop. Finally a doctor was
called in, and he couldn't quiet her.
As a last resort some one had to tell
.her that her back hair was coming
down. Lowell Citizen.
An engaged couple having appeared
several times before a clergyman to got
ituarried. who on each occasion declined
to perform the ceremony because the
groom was invariably drunk, at last
jreproved the girl for bringing her lover
ibeforc him in such a condition, where
.unon she burst into tears and said:
'"Hut, sir. he won't come when he's
"Waitaw, I will wcally have to we
iniovc to anothaw table. Tnere appeaws
jto be a terwible dwaft heaw." Tain't
mo draff" heah, no how, Mr. La Dude.
'Dab- ain't no win' 'tall 'cept what dat
jycr lady am makiu' wid' her fan."
("Aw, that's it. I knew there was a
dwaft. It nearly blew me away.
Weally, now, couldn't you ask her lo
"stop?" Cliicaao Herald'.
"Is there a dude club in this city?"
tasked a stranger, entering the. editorial
o-ooni. "There is," returned the editor,
as he produced a toothpick from his
(pocket and laid it on the roll-top desk:
"that's it, and the first dude that shows
3iis head in this office will be brained
Vith it." With a deep sigh the
.stranger turned and disappeared.
' "Sister." said a little boy. rushing
onto the parlor, where she was cnter
rtertaining young Mr. Smith, "will you
Icome into the hall a minute? I want
to speak to you." "I can not now,
dear. Don'tyou see that. lam cnaed
with Mr. Smith? What is it you want.'
"Jimmy White is out in the hall, and
lie says he won't believe it un'ess vou
4ell him so yourself." "What is it that
Jimmy Wh.te won't believe, dear?"
.asked the sister, sweetly. "That yos
ate thirty-five pancakes this moraine
tfor breakfast." Philadelphia Call.
"Please, sir, cau't you give me an aid
coat?" as.ied a mendicant of a wealthy
merchant. As the mendicant had for
merly been the servant of the merchant,
he latter said:
"Go over to the clothing store, and
3ick yourself out a twelve-dollar suit,
and I'll come and pay for it.
The mendicant did as he was toid.
Taking the clothing store man to one
piile. he said to him:
"Thai old duller sent me over to pic':
out a suit of clotnes. Now. I want on
to let me have my commission, sol. too,
wll make something by this littlt
trade!" Texas Sijtiiigs.
A Burial in 1GGI.
The unveiling of the tablet with the
bust of Pepys in the church of St. Olave's
yesterday took place on the anniversary
af his brotner Tom's burial in that
church more than two centuries ago,
namely: On the 18th of March, lbo'4.
On the morning of that day Pepys went
to the church to choose a place "for his
brother to lie in, just under his mother's
pew. Ho seems to have been some
what shocked by the almost too great
readiness displayed by the grave-digger
to meet his wishes on this point
" But," he says in his diary, " to see
how a man's tombes are at the mercy
of such a fellow, that for sixpence he
would (as his own words were) I vilJ
jostle them together, but I will make
room for him,' speaking of the fulness
of the middle isle, where he was to lie."
These were days when funeral reform
had not even reached the stage of in
fan y at which it has now arrived
Tom's burial was therefore conducted
with great eclat; the mourners who as
sembled at the house of the deceased
numbering about one hundred and fifty,
altuough IVpys hail only reckoned on
one hundred " and twenty. "Their
service." he says, "was six biscuits
apiece, ami what they pleased of burnt
:laret. My ooscn Joyce Norton kept
the wine and cakes above, and did give
out to them that served, who had white
gloves given to them. Anonto church,
walking out into the street to the con
duit, and so across the streets, and had
a very good company along with the
cotps." Pepvs would, no doubt, have
been highly pleased could he have fore
seen that on "the same day two hundred
and twenty years later " a very good
company '" would meet in the. same
church to do honor to his memory. bt.
A Cejlonese Nighl.
There is no twirght in Ceylon. When
the sun sets darkness falls suddenly up
on the earth and the stars shine out as
if some hand had turned on tl;. star
light. And it i thick darkness too. so
thick that an anthropological spicula-tic-n
is born in inv mind that the dark
complexion of these people is due to a
primitive natural selection of the night
like. A Singhalese man is invisible
against the n ght and the ticad of his
bare fret is inaudible. That is a fair
defense against many foes. The lighter,
more visible varieties of their race
would be killed off' by invaders and
wild beasts, and those "who mimicked
the night would be passed by. In addi
tion to this the predatory class would
be successful in the proportion that, as
is said in the Book of dob. they were
masked by the night. The Colombo
coachman will not drive a step after six
o'clock unless his lamps be lit, lest he
should run over a slumbering nat.ve.
The darkness lends a special beauty
to the bungalows of the rich, which ap
pear illuminated, the rays from their
lamps shining through the foliage in a
imstical way c-peeially if they be
cocoanut-oil lamps, which give a dim,
religious light. The most palatial
bungalow in Colombo, I should say. is
that of Muta Cuiuara Swamy, whose hos
pitality and that of his brothers was ex
tended to me in consideration of my
friendship .'or their uncle, the late Sir
Cumara V amy. As I drove up last
evening through the large park of
1 alms radiant with f le-flies, the
bungalow looked like a fairy palace in
the distance, but when I arrived and
entered it was a fairy palace. Ceylon
Cor. San Francisco Chronicle.
A Hacc Tith a Whirlwind.
A remarkable and thrilling incident
of Tuesday's storm was related to the
reporter by a party who was traveling
ou a train on the I hester & Lenoir Narrow-gauge
Railroad at the time the in
c.dent occurred. The train had passed
Lowerysville, and was speeding in the
direction of Liucointou, when all on
board were startled by a roaring sound
that could be distinct!' heard above the
no se of the train, and on glan ingback
they saw an immense whirlwind tearing
along the railroad track, following di
rectly behind the train at a rapid rate.
The " engineer w.is among the first
to see it, and realizing what the coae
quenccs would be should the whirlwind
overtake the train, he pulled the throt
tle wide o, en, and an exciting race be
gan. The whirlwind was not more than
live hundred jatds behind the train,
and the anxious passengers soon became
aware of tiie painful fact that it was
gradually gaining upon them. There
were several ladies iu the car, and they
cried anil earned on at a terrible rate,
w bile the men danced about the car in
tiieir excitement, vainly yelling at the
engineer to put on more steam.
The race was kept up in this way for
two miles, when "the traiu turned a
curve in the road. As the whirlwind
struck the curvo it left the railroad
track, speeding its way right on through
the fields. At the time it left the track
it was not more than three hundred
yards behind the train. It was a thrill
ing race, aud all the passengers blessed
that curve from the bottom of their
hearts.---Charlotte (Ar. C.) Observer.
A Leap. Year Episode.
Society, as a sort of jest, has decreed
that any young man who rrf uses a leap
year proposal from a lady is in honor
uound to present her with a silk dress.
There are a number of old" maids in
town who have already accumulated
enough silk dresses to stock a dry-goo is
warehouse. But that is not what I de
sire to say. One day last week a young
man in society here paid a vi-it to a
young lady friend. They were not en
g lged, but he had given ample evidence
that he would like to be if he could only
muster up sutlicient confidence.
He had been fooling along on the
outside ccges of an engagement for six
months or more, and the lady began to
grow anvious. It was one of those
cases where both parties floundered
around in the sweet meshes of love,
without ever coming to an open under
standing. On the evening in question
tho lady, half in jest and wholly in ear
nest, proposed to him. He said that
silks were unusually high-priced, and
that if she would bemarried at once ho
would accept. Much to his surprise
she did accept, and the couple visited
tho parsonage of a ue ghboring clergy
man, where the bride produced the li
cense, showing that her determination
was not a sudden freaK of fancy, and
the pair were made man 3ud wife.
Appearances may often deceive, but
the world judges things by them. The
outward show and semblance are gen
erally taken as a token of the intrinsic
value. This is character's! ic of men,
who for the greater part take no troub
le to think for themselves, but take
iheir opinions as they do their clothes,
ready made. Hut it is foolish to strive
against a swift current when one can
reach the desired end so much more
easily by go ng with it. anil tl.cretorc it
. .... ... . ..
is best to accommodate one's self to the
popular habits and make a show of
virtue, whether we have it or uot. In
regard to this popular habit, however,
it is very often a true index of the char
acter of" the man whose surroundings
are noted: and a slovenly front yard, a
toppling fence, a dislocated gate, a
reeking, filthy barn-yard, and general
looseness and untidiness about the
homesteau. arc pretty certain to mill-
catea careless, unthrifty larmer. On
uie coinm.. .1 iiuuiu-in.-a amiui it.u
m.-;ilin:s uu uiuci uvti.. niicii; t.i..in,
Wlierc lliusiuuiv is ui iujii, im; uuiui-
ings and yards are clean, the fences in
good order, the gates substantially
bung, and always vlo ed and fastened:
the "orchards neatly trimmed and
pruned, the lawn green and closely
1- .a. Al..-. -. hi j, awll - Vt.jm ftfcal.l
mowed, the shrubs, trees, and flower '
borders well kept; all these necessarily 1
proclaim the owner au orderly, indus- j
ir.ous. ninny xarmcr, wuw.1: prusperuy
may ue meiisureu 0 ui piaiunSap-
pearauce 01 ins surrounumgs.
Thus one may travel along the roads
and note down as he goes, with a good
deal of accuracy, tli9 character of the
inhabitants-. He may get a deeper and
still more accurate test if he goes be
hind the scenes and views the back
yards, the rear fences, and t e distant
fields. If 'he h ndsight is similar to the
front view, the owner may be put (Town
very safely as an upright, honest, con
sistent man, in whom there is no a -ceil
or guile, and who does not put ou a
show for the sake of apearanees and fo
get a reputation which is not wholly
deserved; so that appearances really do
not deceive when they arc tested
thoroughly, but only when the outward
fIiow "is partial, superficial, and but
v..'. t 1 1.1 !. ri . c .t.i
X-.VC! ioiuiu. Niuum uc j-.uui.ui im:
appearance ot his home tor his own
credit He will stand well with his
neighbors and be resnected by strangers
in proportion to his deserts m this re-
spect. It is his duty to himself, as well
as 10 nis iieigiioors. 10 uius eniiance me
reputation and value of his locality. It
is a virtue, too. to be encouraged for its
the man hiraselt. It is
It is a part of a man's
training which does not eud till he dies.
for it has a great effect upon his
general habits and character. Still
more importAUt is the fact that it
is a trainib for his children,
and helps to form their character and
streng hen their self-respect, which is a
very important factor in the problem of
he young person s moral life. lor all
muse, icasuiis mis iiuiei suujeci suuiuu
receive careful attention and should be
put in practice forthwith. One need not
say he has uot the means to make a
ehow and to expend money upon the
adornment of his home. This is not
wiiat is meant. It is putting the best
appearance upon what we have, and not
striving for somvthmg we can not reach
.v lanucr iu numespu i. u.s ore.s, ,s
scrupulously clean and neat, u qui e as
respectable as another in broadcloth.
It is the manner and not the materia
which count-s. A plain board fence, it
neatly and st ongly put up and a rough
gate even.y uung aim provmeu wnn a
gooa latcu, wnicn snouiu ue used, ami
a smooth plot in front of the house, if
nothing more than gra-s, with tidy
foothpaths and a cle n. well fenced
barn-yard in the rear, will serve to mark
tho man as well as the ornamental
8 roll-work fence of his richer neghbor.
In fact, plainness, if it is neat and sub
stantial, is better tnan the greater pro
tense of the more elaborate show, brill
iant in all fashionable colored paints
and the gaudy flowers chosen chielly
for their conspicuous colors. X. Y.
He Was Left-Handed.
"'Pearanccs are deceptive." the
driver of a Thin! avenue car remarked.
- ------ - "-- ---- .
"About six o'clock last night a young
mau hailed the car at Sixteenth street, t
and came lorward to smoke a cigar.
He was a pale-faced, slender, foppish,
dandy sort of a fellow. He wore one
kid glove and carried the other glove
.d a dainty little walking stick. As he
xvas going to
his second cigar, he
took two from a tittle case mounted in
gold, and draw led: JJw van, see i
ncaix win you kikc a, ciga-a-aur v.m i
smoke after hours, you know. I did I
take the cijar, and it was a jolly good
one. too. - I
"At Grand street a rough fellow with
. bull neck and a big. brawny fist got
nn and planted himself right next to t
the little dandy. iNow, thought I to
myself, ther'll be fun, and my 1 ttle
friend is in for it. The dandy, with his '
t' .i. -ii ...i -? ..Li r
little enne anil his glove in his right
hand, was standing directly behind me,
and the Bowery bully I had seen him
often aud knew him well by sight as an
ugly customer was a little to my left.
" Gi' me a cigar, my sweet beauty,"
said the belly, after "he had taken the
measure of the young fell w.
" 'Rather unusual proceeding that, I
should say,' drawled the little dandy.
But he handed the rowdy a cigar, then
took a fresh one him-elf, lighted it from
the stump of his former one, and turned
over the stump to the bully for a light.
"The bully smoked for a" minute, then
made bel.eve that he wished to get off,
anil tried to push in between me and
tho little fellow.
('it out of the way, will vou?' he
growled, when the little dandy didn't
stir. ! want to git off.'
"Plenty of woom where you got on,
my dear fellah, answered the little
dandv, deliberately. Weally. my dear
boy. I'm too comfortable to move, you
Out of the way. I tell you. growled
the bully, 'or I'll mash vour dam nose
'Wcallv. that wouldn't be kind, vou
know, nor wight nor pwopah. mv dear ,
boy. Mv nose is Gwc :an. and
tvculdn t like to have it defaced.'
"The little dandy was lounging lazily
gainst the jamb of the ear door, and
never e en straightened himself up as
Vhe bully answered.
"Take thar, then, coniound ypu.'
" He struck out with his right first,
following with his Ie:t. and I expected
to see the audacious little cu-w knocked
into the street. But he jut lifted his
left arm, with the gloved hand as quiek
as lightniug caught the first blow on
his elbow, and the second just below it;
then straightened out that little arm of
his right, from the shoulder, and sent his
dainty littl list like, a bullet right into
the fellow s f.ee. knocking h m com
pletely off" his pius. The man reele I,
!inl enll'rlif leist! v it tin. iron rw1 of
-- - --- ........ . ..v .... ..v.. . v.
tjie jjatform to save himself, but missed
them, and tumbled off the car in a heap
on the pavement.
' ' Stop." said the little dandy, in a
voice as so t a-, a woman s. " But- I
didn t care to stop just then, so I
j whipped up the horses, and ti.s last
! thing I heard was some loud swearing
ha!, a square behind me.
"You see, dwiva!.,' said the littie
fallow, dusting off one of his gloves
w;lu lhc ij,rcrs f tiie of i,CI what ar.
advantage it weallv is to be left-handed.'
Aml then lie went on stuoknigas jauuL-
m. as CVer. A. J. Hull,
A Familiar Street Scene.
A teamster witii a load of wood wnt
up the avenue, and blithely did he crack
his whip o'er the horses staunch and
true. They turned into an alteyw
with his heavy wooden load, wiien tiie
wheels did sink unto the hubs iu th.it
mmUiv aiIev roatl.
Git up!" tue
"fin if vl li
teamstCr shouted loud
' you're young," and the steady brutes
did chum the mud, each side the wagon
tongue. "She hove and sol, I ho
wagon did, as once a joot sung, "and
every time she hove and not. a wu-ser
leakshe sprung." So fared it with this
load of wood, as nar as one could
judge; the more the horses clove the
mud the more it wouldn't budge. And
tnen bean the cro"'d to come, first (al
ways) tho small boy. aud team.'itera
stopped on Jefferson the struggle to en
joy, and youngsters all alonj the wall;
the women to annoy. A butchcr-i'art.
a passing cab, a wagon full of stoves, a
buggy and a grocery rig. with soap and
flour and cloves. There stopped a man
on business bent; a doctor iu his gig;
. the avenue was goon tilled up with ev
ery kind of rig. As Oliver Wendell
H(,iu.sonee saillf Jf a ui:irtvr one would
m some nmn fmm ou-t ,lc d
wo,(1 kn(W. howto roast ,,. 1()
j)robably from a restaurant, posted on
Vi:ll.lloilt. Mcak,. That man1is ,ura to
, on . , , ., iUrcction! takes
i "Why don't you whip your horses up?
,.iVll . ., .- VMIir i1IlPli . ;,
Why don't yon haw or gee? Come,
wake up, ancient stick-in-the-mud, or
leave the thiug to me." The teamster
whipped his horse-, up; the teamster
gecd and hawed.
mitthc load ot wood
was there lor gootl, an f there it stioil,
saving it would (wo') "Come into the
garden, Maud.'' The gathering crowd
.lever offered to help, out gave advicu
instead, while the panting horses stood
jieail' Uc ;..,,,, I()ok
on th.lt the hcr
mil putieu ami the driver scratched his
on this side then
up each rem; then
shout, rave, fume, swear and try it on
again: aud all tho while the crowd did
jeer and scatter round advice, but the
staved where thev were
as it within a vise
Come down from
off the load of wood!" "Let's rescue
'em all in boats!" "Oh, put your
shoulder to the wheel!" "Say! G ve
'em a feed of oats " Then some one
toofe aIotlier leam and u,tcied iLill t,IU
. both teams pulled in opposite
wav. whnelhl. crowd did scoff and jeer.
HaVi ,.,, .lt t aml taroo:ird
wheeIffnf,y ,; tv t mes or more, tho
,lriver tIied b to o what he ph(md
,KlVfi ,jone 1)0,oretiI
irow oft the cord-
wood stick by stick, and as he worked
he swore. And all the while the heart
less mob lired off the ancient joke as
how the wheels could silent be, when
all of them had spoke: that wheuls and
horses both were tired, they spoke with
a waggin' tongue: that the muddy team
would' be ad-mired, and thus tho
changes rung: that the wagon surely
would go off,wif lie thought it wasn't
loaded, and mentioned the labor of the
man as the work the old scare-crow did.
At last adown the alley of mud two
teams pull d the wagon along, and
thus the end of the tragedy there brings
with it the end of the song. As tho
teamster looked at the scattered cord
tho crowd gave him a parting sally:
-- - - ,.--- ...... ,..............
"See. vour sticks are all scattered pro-
miscuous around set 'cm up in another
allev." Detroit Free 7'rcjs.
Wanted to Raise It.
The case being argued was old Farmei
ClosCgrip vs. a railroad company fot
damages sustained in a collision.
The nil! mini's- l:ivvr-r w:is TTUikinrr
---- - --- - j- ----p. -
p,t,ful appeal to the ury " Gentlemen
of the jurvi he sa5(1 .. just aZi, upon
the truef honest, time-beaten face of my
client, and suppose lie had been fatally
woumied; think of the sad blow that his
iov-nff wife and little, innocent children
wolm- have to receive; but, thank
,eavon, it was notso bad as that. But,
oh! how he must liave .sncred during
ti10! nnfr ,iavs nf n; ninesshmv tin.
heart-stricken companion of his life felt
when they brought him home, braised
aud mangled. Now, tell me, shall this
poor old man go down to his grave a
maimed and helpless "creature without
some aid from the cause of his aillic
tion?" Du-ing this delivery Closegrip was
noticed to he very much agitated, and
ris'ng as the 'lawyer finished, he
"Judge, 'scusc my breakin' in, but I
"Go on," commanded the Court.
I didn't know it wer so bad as It !,
sir, till the gentleman thar sot dowu;
an' ef ye'll let me, I'll I'll ," here ha
"You'll what!" asked his honor.
"Just raise them liggers on the rail
road fer a few dollars more make it a
thousand itistid of five hundred; won't
ve, Judge?' Atlanta Constitution.
The scene of the wreck of the Dan
iel Stcinmann, offSambro, on the Nova
Scotian coa.t. is a menu rable one. All
along this iron-bound and rocky coast
innumerable vessels have been lost.
i he greatest calamity, however, on rec
cord in this vie nity is the loss of tho
White Star stramer Atlantic on Meagh
er's Koek, near Cape Prospect, twenty
two mile- west of Halifax. Iu this
w.eck. which occurred ou March "I,
187-, .060 lives were lost out of a totai
MAURY A MAX
Younjf la'llc. vniy INten to mr.
Ami keep Just us quiet in mice.
While I slajf you a sons it 11 not very
Which contain 11 piece or advice:
No matter whut people may suy.
No m.ttter wlmt somctm Jv ttiinks;
If you wish to bo happy the ret of your
Don't marry a man if he drinks;
Doc't marry 11 man if he drinks.
lie mav be fo hand-ome and sruy.
And have such a beaiititul oicc:
And mav dunce so diUnely you'll feel in
That he mint be the man of your choice:
If hi accent1, are tender and low.
An'l sweeter than ro-es and pin!;-).
And h.s breath unite 11 different tlimj, you
Your exquisite jrentleman drin!;:
Your exquisite gentleman drink-.
Ji:. think of the orr"ws and cares,
Tiie heart-rendinv sish and lea---:
Cf the words and the blows, and crudest
And then think of tbeoeuan of tear;
Think of Toodlcs the drunkest of men.
H!s attitudes Ins cough, and ui:il;.
And then think what a dixnitUil p;ljr you
If you marry a man that drink.
Ynimjr ladie. look wi!l to oiir hearts.
Don't throw them auav on ti s.-t.
Or u man who is jriveu to treating' hi--friend
Whatever hi station or lot;
Though hi pride iiwy uphold hint awhile.
Yet sooner or later h sink;
Then it you would be happy the rest of jour
Eon t marry u man if he drink.
builuri. (.V. V.) Timrt.
An Ovcrshailowing Oucslion.
It lias been said that the end and the
test of good government is the greatest
happiness to the greatest num.-er. If
this be true it mu-t be owned that no
I'overiiinent extant issatisfac'orily con
ducted. For observation show-, tint, as a
rule, political energy is expended upon
secondary concerns, while politicians
eninlov all their dexterity in avoidin-'-
...... ........... . . . r
anion iqion inc great promems wineii
most deeply involve the de-tinies.of tho
masses. There s to-da iu the Knglish
Kpeaking countries no Michtremulous.
far-reaching, vital que-tion as that of
drunkenness. In its implications and
fleets it overshadows everything els .
It is impossible to examine any subject
connected with the progress-, the civi
lization, tiie physical well-b-.'ing, the re
ligious condit on of the masses, with
out encountering the monstrous evil.
It lies at the center of all social and
political m'sehief. It paralyzes ener
gies in every direction. It neutralizes
educational agencies. It silences th"
voice of rel'gion. It bailies penal re-
lorm. it obstructs political reform. It clitied. and l- now S(.27.:is'i;..".7.'i. a fall
rears aloft a mass o evilly inspired ing off of 3?:..S7o.iO as cointiared with
power which at every salient point
threatens social ami nat'onal advance;
jwiucn gives to ignorance ami ice a
greater potency than Intellig-nec and
irtue can uommaud:
a Inch deprives
the poor of the advantages of modern
progress; which debauches ind de
grades millions, brutalizing and s-id
dening them below the plane of healthy
savagery, and filling the (.-enters of pop
ulation witli creatures whose condition
almost excuses the immorality which
remlers them dangerous to their gener-
All these evils, all this mischief, all
this dcstrticion of human fouls and in-
tellects, go on among us daily and
hourly. There ar.i none so ignorant
and inattentive as not to have personal
experience of some of them: some
hearth darkened: some family scat-
intuit, imiji; iu iii iicfti t oi.oveii; si'tiiu
promising career ruined; some deed of
shame done. Yet how hard it is to get
trk.a.fl. n lnf.im. I.nn... I . ... . 1. . ... . .........
this gigantic evil attacked seriously, i
Temperance organizat ons have indeed
been fighting it tor years: yet popular
inertia has resisted their utmost ellort--.
But has all been done that might and
should have been done by the organized
agencies that represent the higher life?
What are doctrinal points, for example,
compared to this ever-present, ever
active, insidious influence? What are
sectarian differences by the side nf this
National curse3 Can "tiie churches fold
their hands and Hatter themsehes that
their duties are all fulfilled, while the
ma-ses prefer the saloon to the pulpit.
and while rum rules in politics and so-!
cietyr Are the higher educational
agencies doing all in their power to ad
ranee civilization while they ignore this
.i;.-ii.ii.nj w jMugics; van ;ui ui nu.ii
organization be said to represent the
Ix-'st aspira'ions and the strongest needs
of the people, while this abiding source
of misery and crime and poverty is al
lowed to spread and flourish?
There is needed something of that
sacred firo which kindles into inex
tinguishable heat the veal of tho Aboli
tionists, which compelled the- aoandoti
nient of human slavery, to rouse the
National iud gnation and abhorrence
against this much greater evil. Nothing
short of this, it is to be feared, will im
pel time-serving politicians to approach
in a spirit of earnestness a subject
which is distasteful to them mainly be
cause they think they ean not afford to JT
do without the help r.nd support of the !
class who derive trom the degradation ,
of the foolish and ignorant the means '
whereby they continue to rule and
plunder those whose sagacity is proof
against their snares. Ar. Y. Tribune.
Dr. Hermann Kerr, a celebrated
statistician, says that the annual mor
tality from intemperance iu Great Brit
ain is 40,600.
Statistics show that in Denmark,
whose male population succeeds in
drinking annually fourteen gallons of
spirits per capita," drunkenness lias to
do with thirty-one percent, of the seri
ous and sixty-nine pec cent, of the petty
An English gentleman, with a faith
in hard, un romantic statistics, has care
fully studtui the causes of pauperism
among 2.$ cses sheltered by the work
houses of Manchester. Old age, he
found, had brought thither nearly one
eighth; disease and accident one-seventh;
idleness, free from drink or
crime, not a raie: drunkenness in men,
one-fourth; drunkenness in women, one
twentieth. The widows and children of
drunkards numbered one fifth of all
paupers. And the cold proot from these
la ts is that the honor
fifty-two per cent, of the pauperism of anient spirit.-. In some of the. towns
Manche-tcr. Is it probable that similar where the work has been undertaken
investigation in this coun'ry would h.ow the grog-shops are suiTering 'or la-k of
any less activity in beer and whisky as patronage. Moral suasion is the wean
producing agents? Wr.o .ays that sa- on employed against t em. and it
to.ms add nothing ts the count rv? seems to be proving more effective thaa
Union Signal. ' I legal measures.
atioaaI Drink Bills.
Few people can have a realizing Me
of the enormous consumption of liq-
1 uors and of their cost to consumers uu
I til the figures are placed before them.
rhis the Christian i'nion has been (lo
ng, and it finifs the entire bill for drink
1 in' thit country to be S'JOUOW.OUO m i
j round numbers. The I'nion btises its
I es imates on the last census and other
official authoriti s. and it arrives at it
estimates iu the following manner:
I "The internal re'.eniie on distilled spirits in
I it's! uas $7l.:ks .775: the rate is 1 cent. a iral
( ton and the (plant. tv of liquor taxed is there
, ioreSitr;i.:CJira!!on. A verm n part of this
vihiNil ror mechanical and selciititlo pur-IKi-ix,
but tr.o-t ot it wa- drank a u twrcrage.
siilil lit t'eglassit would tii:t the consumer
alioiit $il a gallon. The who e amount at this
rii'iMk.nildHggrt's.'U'e i-Ki.7Ml.sa. The tax on
terniented liquor- in the same ye-ir amounted
, toil:!").!!.'., which, at SI p.-r barrel, npre-
sciiisauequai uiimoerol turrets containing at
thirtj-oti'- gallons to the barret .'VSt.'.d'.yK'i gal
lons. .t 11 eci'iit.s a gla.-sainl t wc e gla-ses
to the gallon thi- coMs the cn-umer S.-ill.-
:."d.t:?j. The imported liquors estimated on a.
similar basis co-t the cn.i.-uiuerat Iiti-t $100.-
(rtiO.tiuM. which lirim.-stiietnt.il eot up to more
than 0.uuU.ntiii. No ui count is taken iifmi-
tivewines nor of liquor. Vrookcd whisk.
and other which escape taxation: and the
cost of these may be taken as n fair offset ti
the distilled liquor emplocd tor mechanical
and scientific nurpo-e-."
A recent statement in the L n-Iou
Times enables us to compare tlu dr.nk
bill of Great Britain with our own. In
1SS: then were ''t'.y'y.T:;;, gallons of
intoxicating liquors con-uined, and
l)G..r.'. I'J.i gallons of wine and beer, or
a total of l.t U-'.l I I.l'JS gallons, as com
pared with t'iii"..Vil.o:;7 gallons i thf,.
count n, repre.-enting an expcndit.ireof '
-,i:ti-J7.:'.So".:;7.., as against. .yiK.),,Mn.(iiH in
this country, which goes to show that
liquors are considerable cheap, r iu
t'reat Britain than here, aud adulfera
t'on much more freiptent here than
then. Fstiinating the amount con
sumed per capita, as represented liy
these totals, the results are quite as
tounding. While the skty miliums 0f .
jveople iu the United M:it eoiistntie
about nitp gallons of beer and wine and
one ami a thin! "allons of liminr nor
pita, the thirty-MX millions in Great
consume at the rate of about
one gallon of intoxicating liquors per
capita and about twenty seven gallons
of beer and wine. There is one teature
of the drink bill, however, upon w.,ieh
Great l'r tain can plume its If. While
the expenditure in this country U jn
creasing year by year it isdiuiiii.siiing;
m Great Britain. " In ISo') ihedriuk bill
bill was .f-st;,.S,."'70. Year by year
the expenditure ro-e. until lJs7t". when
it reached s-7:i. f-i:.7!)."i. hi those six
teen years the population ha-1 grown l.'i
percent, and the drink bill 72 percent,
.since lS7t. however, it has steadilv de-
.- - - - 1
IN.'. h !e a t)ort:on of th.s was ow-
mg to ilepres-ion in trade, it wa ma il
ly due to the vigorous etlorts of ieni
The enormous amount of money spent
for liquor in tho I'n.ted Mate- may be
more clearly realized when compared
with other expenditures which are es
timated bv the I'ninn, such as .-j."io.".
OOO.OCK for 1 read, and .:;i).'l,inK'.i 0 ) for
meat, showing that more is paid out lor
liquor than lor bread and meat togctb-
er; Syo.ouii.tHK) for iron and .steel,
.-.:l7.0()f.Oii for woolen goods. $":,-
000.000 for sawed lumber, s-JlO.tKX'.MX.
for cotton goods, .llttJ.OOO.OOo for boot
and shoes, l.j:.000.0(K) for sugar and
molasses, .8.;,00.WO for publicedu-a-
tion, and :,.), for missions. This
expenditure is only the direct cost. It
does not represent the cost of tmuoer-
. .... T.l? .. ?-. .... ... . ...
ism, ldioev. insanity and crime whicli
are entailed upon tin; country by liquor..
The following diagram is a compar
ison of the annual expenditures in the
United States for intoxicating liquors
with various other of the largess
items of expenditure. It is ba-ed
on the census of 1880 ami olhcr re
liable authorities. Scale: Each
three-fourths of an inch represents
an expenditure of .3lri.tM,oO.'. We
are indebted to the Christum I'nion
for the measurements and statistics.
The liquor bill represents the cash
paid for it by consumers, ami is.
in our opinion, not an exaggera
tion of the lacts. We coiisider
it just about the actual amount.
Comments upon a showing so aj-j-alling
would only weaken the
I ow er of truth. Interior.
. o c-
2 o - o
cc o r-- -
''' ci r:
- . . rn
!? x -
5J a 8-
- tf. z
C O .
c 2 " X-
O X 'r- -
: i s o
" I- W 1 mm
oo . s s - "2
ft 5 "
OicATiFViNi, success has afended the
recent movement for Temperance re
form in New Jersey. Tnrotigh tho ef
forts of Messrs. Maybee and English,
assisted by many ministers and others,
great numbers have been induced to
abandon the use of intoxicating liquors,
and publie sentiment is daily growing
stronger in opposition to the tmllic iu
S. W.V .Jfll
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