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About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1881)
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PUBLISH!:;) KVLs;y filURSliAY.
tfcr Vlo St.. On Block North of Main.
fnr. of F'fUi Street.
L>st Cnds&o i icy Fapsr is C23 Oraty.
One opy, one y 2.o
One eopy, ili minnui 1.06
On copy, lure tto-.it hs, .afl
1 w. 2 w. J
$1 no f 1 so
1 DO 200
2 00 2 75
6 00 8 00
8 00 12 00
15 00 1 00
i IS 11
5 00 $S 00
fl.W 10 00
8 00 13 00
20 001 28 00
2."004 40 00
40 00! 60 00
rjf- jkll AdrertWng Bills Duo Quarterly.
tTT Transient Xdrertlamsot cyt b TiJ
JNO. A. MACMURPHY. Editor. I
;TERMS: $2.00 a Year.
W Extra Copies of the Herald for sale by
J. P. Yuuno, at the Post-OOlee Mews Depot
PLATTSMOUTII, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1881.
Maying succeeded to our entire satisfactim' iii closing out our Winter Stock, we are now prepared to enter CO
iiittftBi the &nrinre Camnukii without any old '"Slum 'Meepemw and are thus enabled to slaow a new and clean stock "d
m. r . w if - - -d. - . n 4W -xkt 4-if m n rri
v ofCiotIiinor adapted to the scasoiie we are maiaiag aumiion weemy &s &we- uuiueu- uwuiiis uuti
Children's CILarmiDS'K!, and can lit yu all regardless ol size, and hope by "iioerai aieaimg7 so merit a continued
1 VI f 1 I
" 1 ... -j
5 iTEXT DOOR TO OABBU'JH'S UBW J-ZEWEZLV-Ry
OFfl :AL DIRECTORY,
A. S. PAI: K. IT. S. Senator, Beatrice.
A I.YIN SAt NUKK.s, C. S. Senator, Oiualia.
E K. VAl.KN i INK, Kepreseutafe. West Point.
ALBINL'S N AM'Ii, (iavcruor. Lincoln,
h. J. AI.KX.VN DEK, Secretary of State.
JOHN Wa I. i.li'HS. Auditor. Lincoln.
1. M. BAKI I. KIT. Tresis lire r. Lincoln.
W. V. JOM.m. Sunt. Public Instruction.
A. ti. K KM A 1.1.. Land Commissioner.
C.J. IULWuit'l M. Attorney tifiieral.
KEY. V. 11 a!CKIS. chaplain of PenitunUary -1)1C
II. P. MA iTHEWSON, Supt, Hospital for
S. MAXWKI.I., Chief Justice, Krenseut.
(iKt). It. I.AKK. Omaha.
AMASA IOI U. Lincoln.
ifeeoritt Juliciat Vittrirl.
K. It. POt'NI. Judge. Lincoln.
J. C. WATSoN. Prosecutiris-Atfy. Neb. City.
W. f. SHOW AL'IKK. Clerk lilrict Court.
A. N. SCI.LIVAN, County Judk'e.
J. 1. TUn. County Clerk.
J. M. 1A ITKKSO'N, County Treasurer.
K. V. H YEKs. sheriff.
t. II. WOOLLY. Co. Sup't Pub. Instrtictlon
H. W. KAIKK1KLD. Surveyor.
P. P. liASS, Coroner.
rmsrv COMMISSIOXKM. I
S AM'L KICHAISI'SON. Alt. Pleasant ITetlnct.
ISAAC Wl LK.-. I'latt.Hinouth Preci.iet.
JAMKS CltA WKOKi). Soutli Hend lreclnet. !
Parties hi. p busitien with the County I
('otmitlion-r. will find them iu session the i
fiist Monday and Tuesday ol each month. 4-1tf I
Ot'tr 7ir 'lorv. j
J. W. JOHNSON", Mavor. i
J. M. PAT1 KKSON, 'reasurer. 1
J. 1. SIMlSON. City lerk.
KICHAltl VIVIAN. Police Jud;e. ;
1. I. JONKS. Chief f Police. !
Y. E. WHITE, Chief of Fire Dej.t. ,
It Ward F. C.OKDKK. C. H. PAKMKI.K. !
2d Ward J W. FAIKFIKLD. J. V. WE('H I
3.1 War.l-I. MILLKK.THOS. Pol LOCK." j
4th Ward P. Mi CA LLA. C. S. DAWSON. J
?Wrr JNO. W. MARSHALL.
PROFESSION AL CARDS
IK. it. HKAPK.
PIIYSIC'IAN aud SI'lttlEON". fli. e in FitZ--erald
Itiurk, which will e op;n tiay or ntg'ut.
lIt. J. I. JlrCHEA,
IIOMIKPATMIC PHYSICIAN. Olilce
V: Mathew's Hardware Store
R. R. LIVIStiNTOX. 31.
l-IIVSICIAX & BfRUROX.
OFFICE HOCKS, from Ida. ni.. to 2 p. m.
saiiiinlng Surgeon for V. S. Pension. .
omce on Main Stn-et over Solomon
M. A. HABTIUAS.
ATTORNEY AND SO MCI TOP..
tlce In th Slate and
I eileral Courts, ue.-l-
IVdiL M. tVIMK.
COLL SCTTOJS'S M S fXCZA L Tl
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Real EUte. Fire.
durance and Collection Ajrency.
Oilice in Fitz-
gerald's block. Platt-sinoulti.
UEO. N. SMITH.
ATTORNEY AT LAW and Real Kitale Bro
ker. Special attention niven to Collections
and all matter affecting the title to ru.tl estate.
Office on 2d floor over Poat OHlce. Flattsmouth.
I. II. WHIUU'KR Jt CO.
LAW OFFICE, Peal ltate. Fire and I-lfeln-aurance
A KenU. Plattsmouth. Nebraska. Col
lectors, tax -payer. Have a complete aonract
of titles, lluy aud sell real estate, negotiate
laaf. Sm. 15y
N.VI. M. CHAPIIA.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
And Solicitor in Chancery. Office in Fitzger
19yl PLATrSMOlTH. NEb.
K. n. Windham. l. a. Campukm..
Attorney at Law. Notary Public.
WIM1HAH A CAMPBKLL
COLLECTION AND REAL ESTATE AOENTS
Office over W. II. Baker & Co's Store,
riattsinouth, Nebraska. "ly
W. L. IIKUW.XK.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Will prat;ce in Casa
and adjoining Counties ; gives special aitcnlion j
to coilectiol.s and ahstraets of title. Office i;i j
lueraiii niocK. rialt'inouiu, euiasn.
If you want any
Fire or Ornamental Brick,
J. T. A. HOOVER,
LOUISVILLE, - - NEBRASKA.
C HCiSC!., Ii f t-tur.
Flour, Corn Meal d- Frtd
Always on hand and ftr s:il- at ioel rah
rices. The lutieMi pric-s paid tur Vlie:i! ai.o
Corn. Particular attention given cnsni: work.
Hake :r iiii t ."( ier ws-mI. -.eMi.-. gi-.its fur '
K.;. i:ili;ot T O..IO l!ar l:iv Sttet. New J
York. s i,it for catalogue and terins. L'-'l y j
Funn-.Iie Fio.'h. Pu:e" Milk,
Bpeclal call- attended t". ar.rt FreIi Jtilk
from same cow fun:iUed when wanted. . 4ly
MAC11 I Ne' SHOPS ! j
Repairer 0 Steam Engines, BuiU-r-Saw
and Qr'utt if ill i
UAH AM WTKAJI FITTI;h. ;
rougbt Iron Pipe, Force and Lift Pipes.Steain ;
Gauge Safety-Valve C;overnors. and ali ,
K!i.a f Braaa Knjiine Fittin;. " !
repaired 011 short uoilue.
FARM MACHINEH" !
etc HERE! S5feseMStb58rti'i
V L UlWkrf4 G., -T tmrr
Ag A aMMr tut t -a- -x aerf 1 PO 9Lttt f
'TJ-wi v-r for f"um t.uca. lU mtmty mUw .
1 nm 1 hm may rvan,
IU4 BOWf MIItiC
respectfully solicit an examination of our SHEW JPS:ortS- SOT
can and will 'undersell'9 all competitors' by 5
and see that we mean business.
B. & M. R. R. Time Table.
Taking Efftct December 5, 1880.'
FOK OMAHA F1JOM I'LATTSMOL'TH.
laA e 7 :20 a. iu. Arrives 8 :30 a. m.
2 -.45 p. m. " 4 :oo p. ni.
7 :00 a. in. " 8 :10 a. ni.
FKOM OMAHA FOK PLaTTSMOCTH.
Leaves 8 0 a. in. Arrives 10 -.00 a. m.
" :5& p. m. " 7 :i5 p. m.
" 7 ;00 - " " 9 :0 "
I OK THE WEST.
Leaves PlattsmoutU :20 a. m. Arrives Liu
coin, 12 :66 p. in. ; Arrives Kearney, 7 40 p. ni.
leaves Plaitsmouth at 7 :'5 p. m. ; arrives at
Liucoln at 9 :50 p. in.
Freight leaven at 8 :M a. in. and at 8 ilO p. in.
Ai rivo at Lincoln at 4 : Up. in. and 2 :t") a. iu.
FKOM THE WKST.
Leaves Kearney. 5 :3o a. ns. Leaves Lint'o!!i,
1 .cu p. in. Arrives Plattsinoutii. 3 :3U p. ni
Leaves Lincoln at i :4. a. u.. arrives at
1'latt.MiiK.uI h 8 a. in.
FreiKht leaves Lincoln at 12 :05 p. ni. and 6 :40
p. ui. .Arrives at Platt.siuwuth at 5 ;35 p. in. and
t 1 1 :.V.p. in.
Passe'iger trains leave Plattsmouth at T 00 a.
in.. 8 05 a. in.. 3 40 p in. and arrive at Pacine
J miction at 7 30 a. in., 8 SO a. aud 4 10 p. m.
KKO.M THE EAST.
Paget' j:er trains leave Pacific Junction at 8 30
a. m., 6 4.'. p. in., laoo a. m. and arrive at Platts
mouiU at S 00 a. m.. 7 1 p. in. and 10 30 a. in.
. . II. R. Time Table.
riifcinj; Lffect Sunday. Decembrr 5. llW).
10 :: 5
IJLCK H I LI
KED CL I'D.
1-It A S KLIN.
I i :loam
A It It 1 V A it A.I DSPAKTIUE
I'lATTSHOi;! !! 3i.4!L.
7. :i i. in.
9 .40 a. m. f
8. tH) a. m. i
3..m p. in. I
11.00 a m '
7. mo p. in.
10.30 a in. I
7.:w p. in. (
11.00 a in.
ll.oo a in.
Nov. 10, lvr,
t 7.110 a. in.
3.00 p. ni.
j 8..V) a. in.
I 0.15 p. HI.
3.00 p. in
7.(4) a. in
t 7.43 a. iu.
' 2.00 p. m.
1.00 p. in
1 .00 p. ni
SOI' I HK1I.V.
J. W. Marshall. P. M.
TP IB S T
OF PLATTSMOCTH. NEBRASKA,
John Fitzukrald .
IC. (i. Iiovky
A. W. M('Lai;;hlin'.
Sosh O Koi'KK E
This Bank Is now open for huslnes at their
aew room, comer Main and Sixth streets, and
is prepared to transact a eneral
Stock, Bond. Gold. Government and Local
BOUGHT AND SOLI).
Deposit Received and Interest Allow
ed on Time Certificates.
ivallable lu any part of the United States ami
In all the Principal Towns and Cities
ACEXTS FOR THE
Inman Line and Allan Line
Person wishing to brlnx out their friends from
rCKCIIASE TirKKTS t'UUH CS
Tkrcich to Pl t t iraea th.
j WEEPING WATER BANK
of --:r.i iikos.
This B.mk i-t now o;h-ii for the transaction of a
Banking Exchange Business.
i Received, and Interest allowed on Time Certi
t I tn-atfs.
I I K A KXt
; drawn, and available iu the principal towns
! and cities of the United States and Europe.
Ayertts for the celtbrated
r T in n nP ' flfrriTvi nvin
niii Liiid ui mmm.
Purchase your tickets from us.
Through from Europe to any
Point in the West.
i:EKI BROS.. 2l.fl Weeping Water. Neb.
Fit yo ar
' nan of kt-
1 hy t tn:n or
:jiuL..- nd u
Sora brain ucrrc and
waate, dm Hop B.
suffartnx from ary tn
tloa i If you arc uiar-
If yr.n An yoan awl
HlnL.un cr t.u.,:u4
ri. il r ninv:. 11 or
t-iorhcml-.i r tsuuUh
m oa a tcu of acK-
iMt, rv!y HOP
VrhooTcr yon are, ,
t - .. n f l i.'i
TnouaaDas cm an
BUiUly from aomo
form of Kidney
diaeana tiiat micLt
have bren pravDtd
iwm i a a;nfc-. ion-
ins or utniua-.ir, a
a iimoiy ue ok
X o Hop L-r
HUT yoa J
D. I. C.
r.nrN MM & ' .f
f it., mttmuzrh
ills aa abaoluto
and lrr il
, U en ro for
NUK Of ODlUDL
Toa will or
rnrbJ If youuae
Sold by druf
ejita. bend fur
r!y weak and i
1 jwllr.lfl, iry
It i It may
s a you r
lire). It rai
i mur i
: ?i utrvro
lu I I I L 11
W& will HMreii
KTC, ETC., ETC.,
Of All Descriptions.
lOiTALLIC B URIAL CASE.
Of all sizes, ready made and sold cheap for eah
MY FINE II E A USE
With nsanj thanks for past patrona'
invite all to call and examine my
LAIKIE STOCK OF
13tf. IMWTI 'IK AXI COFFIXS
W. D. JONES,
Successor to Jones & Agiiew J
Again takes charye f the Old
Brick Livery Stable,
The old Bonner Stables, in Plattsmouth, are
now leaded by V. I. Jones, and he ha
on hand New and handsome accosumodations,
in the shape of
HOUSES, CARRIAGES, BUGGIES,
I am now prepared to keep IIOESES
FOR SALE "TRADEI
Train and Break Colts
On Reasonable Terms.
That with ' plenty of room (that every one
known I have) in my etable. I can K't Farm
en' Btix-k and wagons. loaCs of hay, &.C, under
cover, where thev will keep dry.
Thai. Ki m all the old patrons for their liberali
ty. Isoiicit their trade for the future, satisfied
til it I can accommodate them better and do
better by tliem than ever before.
501y Vr. P. JONES.
'Srlmttw CABINET vj
Sole Appointing Ayent for
Tli Unrivalled. Jlason A. Hamlin
Al-o State Agent for the Henry F Miller and
W. C. Emerson Co. I'ianos.
at office. Sixlh. one door south of Main St.
PL ATTSMO UTI I . N Eli.
Will do vell to examine our
'ew 3Isoii & Hamlin
Palace Barber Shop.
J. O. BOONE,
Under Frank Cairuth's r.ew Jewelry Store.
HOT & CQxilD BATHS
CLEAN NEW PLACE,
and nwji the time to get -
SHAVED SHAMPOOED HAIR-CUT.
orranytliing.elee in the tonsorialway, at
John lloone's New Shop,
Comer Mala and Fifth Streets,
IMattMinent h, - - n Xebratik.
HOTEL. CITY HOTEL
First cla-s Lodging Rooms.
Fiist Class Boarding.
Good Sample Rooms
Even thing and every comfort
A Good Hotel can Furnish
A!so. Good Wines, Good Beer, Good Liquo 8
Good Lemonade, Good Cisars, -
Kept at the Citj Hotel.
0 m bbm m m m sm lcanM , mmmmammamKBmttsmmmmimmmrvmmmmtmm mam cmow xwm mmmmmmwvimmmmmmtjmmmamrsmmmmmmmmmmm , . . .
i WILLIAM iTEROLI),
j dfiilf 1 1!:
j DUY GOODS.
! FURNISHING (J()OD.s
GROCERIES OF ALL KINDS.
Lare stock of
BOOTS and SHOES
CLOSED OUT AT COST.
and iu fact everything yn e.m cat I fr in
the line of
CASH PAID FOR HIL'EH AN5 FtlW.
All kinds t'X country )!0i!i.o u.ken in e:.
change foi roods.
A. G. HATT
JUST UPENE!) AGAIN,
Ntic, Clean, First Class Jleat Shop,
onMain Street Comer cf r.tli. Plattsinoutli
FIverybodv on hand for fresh, tender meat.
Eight Mile Grove, Neb.'
Having opened a New Store at the abov '
1 call attention to mv stock, and ask the
patronage of my friends and the
Public in general.
Dry Goods, Groceries
Tinware g. Wooden wart
and General Goods of all sorts.
Call and see our Stock before going
3ily Walter Jenkins.
Wagon, Buggy, Machine and Plow re
pairing, and general jobbing
I am now prepared to do all kinds of repairing
of farm and other machinery, as there
Is a good lathe iu my shop.
The old Reliable Waon Maker
has taken charge of the wagon shop.
He is well known as a
NO. 1 WORKMAN.
Xew M'zonH and Ituiox made to
Shop on riixrli street nupnsite 'reitlit's Stable
Ml. 0UIN DAULIXG.
SOUTH REND, NEIL
DRUGS, PAINTS, OIL, ETC.,
FLOUR AND GROCERIES
Dr Darling is a'-o a Practicing Physician and
can always be found at hh. Office in
SK?cial attention paid to
OBSTERICAL CASES. 3lnC
OITII BC.D, LUIMSIU.
A Good Tinner always mi hand. Repairing
done neatly, promptly) and cheaply.
Eave-troughinc acrt Roofing also
done to order.
Remeniberthe i.an:e and. place. Hay Bros.
South Bend, Nebraska. 51im3H
AGENTS AND CANVASSERS
Make from s5 to SO per week selling
goiids for E. G. RIDEOCT & CO.. 10 Barclay
Stivt-t. New York. !Kyl
Tlie c-oiiilitinr.s of the Ilooil have
been so peculiar that though nearly
two wtcks have elapsFil since the
greater part of tlie ruin was wrouglit,
nothing but the general facts are
known in this city. And in this re
spact Yankton, Veruiillian and East
Point people were but little wider two
las tibout the safety or death of the
farmers in the flooded country almost
in sight of these towns than was
Sioux City. But now that the water
has gone down, and except in low
places the fields of treacherous ice can
be traversed on foot, some definite
account as to the number and
NEEDS OF THE DESTITUTE
can be had.
Possibly tiin nearest approximate
that can now de formed of tlie number
of the d'A-tUute is to reckon a third of
the farmers and thtir families lliat
lived on the Missouri bot'.oui between
Jefferson, twelvs miles from this city
and Niobrara. 100 miles west of Jeff
erson, as lacking everything but life,
and without present means of supply
ing their needs in shoit dependent
Most of this third reckoned as des
titute have fertile and valuable farms
but their acres are bare of anything
except ice; tneir houses wrerke-.J,
washed away, or rendered uuiil to i t v ;
iu at present; their st:c'c ;iMv;i.-d ;
their hay, grain and in tduurt, ewry
but themselves and their bare acres
destroyed by the Hood.
Judge Ki der, of Vermillion, who
is in this city waiting for some way
to return Lome, if he still has a home
left at Vermillion, is an old resident
of Dakota, and lias held court in all
the flooded counties in that territory.
He reckons that the portion of
flooded between Jefferson and the
Clay county line was the home of
1,500 people. This is not reckoning
the villages of Jefferson or Elk Point
its l hey suffered comparatively little j
and are not likely to need help. In!
Clay county, Including say 200 mat r ;
sidi'd in the lower town at Vermillion,
about 1000 people resided eu the bot- j
torn land. In Yankton county about
600 people resided on the bottom land
outside of the city of Yankton. Iu
Eon Homme county say about
300. Of the settlers on the over-1
flowed lands in Nebraska from Nlo-
brara to Ponca the Judge could not j
speak with any oertamty. Probably
not less than l.ouo people
that side from the overflow.
Here, then, is a total of 4,600 peo
ple who have suffered by the fluod, not
reckoning anything at Elk Point,
Yankton, in'Union county below Jeff
erson, or Covington, opposite this city,
in all of which there was a partial
overflow add a part of the inhabitants
diiven from their houses. Of the 4,000
people in the country flooded probably
1,500 have now no reliance except
for their bread and nightly shelter.
AS TO THE PUBLIC MEASURES
taken for their relief, it is known
that the county commissioneis in
Yankton, Clay and Union counties are
doing everything they can for the
temporary homeless. Pr;vate charity,
toa has not been wauling. The citi
zens of the unflooded parts if Yank
tn, Vermillion and Elk Point have
thrown open their doors to these un
fortunates. The farmers living on
'he bluffs that look down on the inun
dated bottoms have waited with their
teams to carry the refugees brought in
boats through the flood and ice to
their -houses where they were cared
for as tenderly as if they had been
brothers. Whether the burden of this
individual and couutv charity is not
too great to be borne is what cannot
be found out. Just when the flood;
had subsided and there w as a chance j
of getting definite information, came j
the snow blockade of yesterday, aud !
that must be broken before any help j
can be called for or sent. In the mean
time what Sioux City can do to help
those within reach is being done.
But with the low grounds still over
flowed, and the roads on higher bot
tom nearly impassable because of the
mud and snow, and the ice left by the
IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO SE.N'D RELIEF
far into the flooded coimtry
A c Hi-
zeiis'committee consisting of Messrs. j
Peavy, Beck and Berkam went out j
yesterday, and in short time collected ;
all the money, about 700, which they
thought could be properly used until
a wider field can be reached. This
money wa? partly invested in provis
ions, such as flour, bacon, beans and
coffee and will be forwarded to-diiy by
Jimmy Hagan to some twenty-five
families that te reports destitute in
Civil Bend and Jefferson townships,
mostly about the sawmdls in the tim
ber west of Jefferson. The few des
titute families -brought down to this
city when the water was coming in
CHS and low
in about Jefferson, are being cared for
here. A few ladies, headed by Mis. J.
Cm. Ogden. Mrs. E. 1). Crawford and
Mrs. II. D. Proms t have organized
themselves into a society for the re
lief of the destitute. Sioux City
Journal, April 13.
Important Announcements front Scri li
ner & Co.
American novel-writers seem ta be
unusually busy just now. Mis. Bur
nett is said so be writing two new
serial stories; Dr. Holland also lias one
iu contemplation; Mr. Howells has
two serials on the stocks; Mr. Boyesen
is writing one or two; Mr. Cable has
just finished one and is starting on tin
other; the author of "An Earnest Tri
hVr" lias recently completed a short
watt ring-place serial; Mrs. Schayer,
the author of "Tiger-Lily," is writing
her lirst novel; and the author of
"Koxy" is at woik on a new serial
though not -a fictitious one. All the
above named serials have been en
gaged for Scribner's Monthly.
The scene of "A Fearful Responsi
bility," Mr. Howells new serial, which
will begin in Scrihner for June, is laid
i in Venice. The strv is said bv the
publishers lo be in the author's bright
est vein. Mr. Howells is working also
upon a novel, which will be begun in
Scrihner some time next fall or win
ter. m$ .
There was a man in our town.
He was so wondrous wise.
He thought hi- business would run itelf
And he didn't advertise.
Will some one please poetize the re
sult. Williainsport Breakfast Table.
The Qiiittcy, Illinois, Modern Argo
replies: Anything to obige, a brother.
Our machina is not working very well,
but where its task is so very plain e
guess it will turn out at least a truth
ful job. There could be but one result:
He moped about his silent room
In sad and lonely mood,
For cii-tomer-i came not to break .
The awful solitude.
.t last his creditors pounced down
And took his goods away
A pick and shovel works he now
For ninety cents a day.
The Fut tre of the Canadian Dominion.
C nU'inp'irnry l"VtOv, Louden.
If e.nv iii-'pulo arose between Canada
and her gre;it Southern neighbor which
involved war, lie would speedily suc
cumb, and would be annexed to the
suffered on United Stales. Canada is not suflicient
. I ly permeated bv anv vigorous senti
ment of naiionalily to resist the power
fid attractive forces of the American
tlemocrsicy. She answers to Leigh
Hunt's conception of the United States:
"As a nation, I cannot get it out of my
head that the Americans are English
men with the poetry and romance tak
en out f them; and that there is one
great counter built along their coast,
from north to south, behind which they
all standing, like so many linen-dvap-ers.
They will be far otherwise, I have
no doubt in time, and this unchristian
opinion of them have come to noth
ing." Certainly 'this is a sufficiently
ludicrous picture of the Ameticans of
the present day, who are diverging
more and more from the English type,
who have the beginnings of a new liter
ature, and in whom we can already de
tect tlie germs of an altogether new na
tional .lire. But it is much in accord
with the actual condition of the Cana
dian people, who want alike the grand
eur and dignity of the old nations of
Europe and the m:trveons force and
colossal energy of the Unite I Stales.
Canada sjeins to lie stranded there
among t!se snow and ice of the North,
separate ! alike from the historic cul
ture of Europe and from the heroic as
pirations of America; sharing none of
the pive'oas traditions of England, and
untouched by the breath of democratic
freedom which sweeps through the
United Stales. It is intere -ing materi
ally to ti.o British laborer and food-consumer;
jt has not a shadow of intellectu
nl significance for the thinker. This
may nt hi its fault; it is, at an rate,
its mis ortune a misfortune which
seems to remove it from the category of
possible independent nationalities. It
may be s:dd that the United States are
being colonize 1 now rather by stom
achs than by brains; but the United
States are a nation with grand tradi
tions. The eo'oiiizaiioii of New Eng
land; the planting of Pennsylvania; the
revolution ary struggle, which, as rep-re-entiid
in Frank'lin. Samuel Adams,
Jefferson, was rather a development of
tiiegre.it intellectual movement of the
eighteenth century than a mere contest
against the English aud Parliament,
the anti-slavery contest; and, finally,
the civil war all these developments
of the great modern democratic move
ment have niad-i of America a land of
ideas, and have invested even the
young raw States of the West with a
halo of p 'try and romance. As com
pared with this, Canada has merely to
tell of upward of a century of stagnant
provincialism, relieved ouly by a third
J Qli n
TILE HOWIE M10THERS.
eventful Lives ofltvo Famous
Frontiersmen How the
First Howie KnlTe
A Desperate Duel at Natchez How Jim
Bowie Bestored order lor a
I From the San Francisco Chronicle.
The account published in tlie Chron
icle of of February 23, from the Phila
delphia Times, ot the "Invention of
tlie bow ie-ki.ile, and the duel in which
it was first used," is incorrect in so
ninny pailiculars that 1 feel constrain
ed to write out a true history. 1 stood
by the side of my father," "among u
number of citizens of the city of
Natchez, and witnessed the fight in
question, and an willing to make oath
that everything here stated is strictly
The Bowie Brothers were natives
of the state of Maryland, of a respec
table family, into which Ileverdy
Johnson, the great constitutional law
yer, married. They enigrated to Mis
sissippi in the year 1824 and engaged
in the speculation of the rich cotton
and sugar lands of 'those two states.
The utaplo of cotton at that period
bearing almost a fabulous price gave
great impetus to land monopoly, and
the Bowie brothers found themselves
confronted with another land-speculating
company, of which the Judge
Crane mentioned in the Philadelphia
Times was the organized head, both
parties having a following of about 75
or 100 men each, all men of wealth
and social position and all "on the
light." The Bowie brothers were men
of good physical stature, sinewy, and
of i good, determined cast of counten
ance. Kesin was the most considerate
of the two, but James w as brave to
desperation. It was frequently re
marked of him that he was "a Strang
er to the emotion of fear." They were
were both sportsmen, that is, they bet
against the pwpuiar game of the day,
faro, and played "brag," the twin
brothers to poker. Judge Crane was
chivalry persi nilied. He had emigrat
ed from South Carolina to Louisana.
He was tall and strong, and wholly
fearless, or seem i ugly so.
A FAMOUS FIGHT.
Now as to the light on the sandbar
opposite the city of Natchez. A chal
lenge to light a duel had passed be
tween Dr. Maddux of the Crane pi'ity
and Samuel Welis ot the Bowie party.
According lo the terms of the light
neither Judge Crane nor James Bowie
were to be present, because a deadly
feud existed between them. Bowie
doubted that Judge Cra..c would
prove faithful to the agreement, and
sent a courier to spy his action.1-. The
parties to the duel met, but friends
troin the city of Natchez went over,
and, through their influence, rcston u
amicable relations. To cement these
relations the party sent across the
river to Natchez for champagne,
brandy and Havana cigars. Circled
around a gushing spring which flowed
from thd west bank of the river, all
hostile feelings were swallowed up by
the generous liquid, aud everything
was tinged with the rainbow hue of
friendship, when Judge Crane put in
an appearance. He, too joined in the
conviviality, pleased that no blood
was to be shed. But there was an
other appearance to be made before
another hour passed. While thus
pleasantly occupied a rustling was
heard iu the willow boughs that
overhung tho steep bank that led
down to the spring", and, turning their
faces, the manly foim of James Bowie
couchant, met their eyes. His appear
ance mei.nt light and at it they went.
Judge Crane was the first man who
arose from his seat, and with his pis
tol shot Bowie, the ball passing di
rectly through his body but failed to
cut any cord which bound him to life.
Bowie fell and Judge Crane with the
spear in his sword-cane and endeav
ored to stab him. Bowie skillfully
parried the thrust of the spear, and
collecting his energies. reached up his
hand caught - Judge Crane by the
cravat, which according to the fashion
of the day, was tied securely around
the neck. He drew him down close
to his body, with his right hand se
cured the spear and ran it through
his heart, Judge Crane dying upon
the body of his prostrate foe who, in
the meantime, fainted fro the loss of
blood. As soon as Judge Crane dis
charged his pistol, the friendly feeling
which previously existed, was dis
solved as quick as a snow flake falling
on a heated furnace, and the friends of
the two parties, separated and com
menced firing upon each other. Six
were killed and fifteen wounded. The
writer hereof takes pleasure in stating
that his father was the first man who
said: "Men let us rush in between
them and t-top the fighting.
THE FIIiST UOWIE KNIFE.
James Bow ie lay for months in his
bed. iu the city of Natchez, before he
recovered from his wound. He was a
man of much mechanical ingenuity,
and while thus confined whittled from
white pine the model of a hunting
knife, which he sent to two brothers,
named Blackmail, iu the city of Nach
ez, and told them to spare no expense
in making a duplicate of it in steel.
This was the origin of the dreaded
bowie knife. It was made from a
large saw mill file and its temper after
wards improved upon by an Arkansas
blacksmith. This is all that can be
told about the origin of that death
dealing implement. Since James
Bowie became somewhat prominent
in his efforts to advance the spread of
republican institutions it is proper to
speak of what he did. He seemed to
have a natural disposition to protect
the weak from the strong. At one
time he was riding through the parish
of Concordia, La., and saw a man lash
ing his slave with his whip. Ho told
the man to desist, but he was met
with curses. He dismounted from his
horse, wies'ed the whip from the mas
ter and laid it over his shoulders. This
led to a shooting match, in w hich the
slave-owner was badly wounded.
Bowie, after submitting himself to
the law, paid the doctor's bill, purchas
ed the slave at double his value and
gave him his freedom.
At another trine the son of William
Eattitnoie, one of the Governors of
the territory of Mississippi, a religious
gentleman of literary attainments,
was sent by his father to the city of
Natchez to sell his year's crop of cot
ion. The "ropers-in" of faro games
made the acquaintance of the son, and
induced him to patronize the game of
a certain gambler named Sturdevant,
"under the hill" at Natchez. The
gambler soon had the proceeds of the
crop, in bank bills, iu his posession.
Bow ie who was standing by, a silent
spectator, said to young l.attimore;
"I know you; you don't know me, but
your father does; stand here until I
tell you to go." He then commenced
betting at Sturdevanl's game, and dis
covoring an unfair turn of the cards
told him sternly nat to attempt the
cheat again. He shortly won back
the amount young Eattimore had lost,
gave the whole amount to him, and
told him never to gamble any more.
This young Eattimore assented to,
and faithfully did he l.eep his promise.
NOT A MAX TO IJE "PLC! FEU."
This ltd to a fight between Sturde
vant and Bowie. The former hoping,
it is presumed, to "bluff" Bowie, pro
posed to fight with knives, the left
hand of' each to be lashed together,
liesin Bowie proposed to take his
brother's place, as he had severely cut
his hand in butchering a deer a short
time previous. This proposition James
Bow ie indignantly rejected. The light
took place, and at the first stroke
Bowie disabled his antagonist, but
magnanimously forboie to take his
life. In after years a Methodist preach
er told the writer this: He said he was
one of the first Methodist ministers
sent to Texas by the Methodist Con
ference. He ttaveled on horseback,
crossing the Mississippi bulow Natch
ez; that the first day after crossing the
Mississippi river he was overtaken by
a horseman dressed in buckskin, arm
ed w ith rifles, pistols, and knife. They
entered into conversation and ho
found him to be intelligent, pleasant
and well acquainted with the geogra
raphy of the country. Neither one
inquired the name or business of the
other. Both weie aiming at the same
destination,Texas. Finally the reached
anew town, filled with wild, desper
ate characters from other states. He
posted a notice that he would preach
iit the Court house the first eening of
his arrival there. At the hour named
he found the rude structure thronged
to overflowing with men only. He
gave out u hymn and all joined in
singing and sung it well, but when he
announced his text aud attempted to
preach one brayed iu imitation of an
ass, another hooted like an owl, etc.
He disliked being driven from his pur
pose and attempted again to preach,
but was stopped by the same species
of interruption. He stood silent and
still, not knowing whether to vacate
the pulpit or not. Finally his travel
ing companion, whom he did not know
was in the house, arose in the midst
and w ith stentoriotis voice said: "Men
this man has come here to preach to
you. You need preaching to, and I'll
oe if he shan't preach to you!
The next man that disturbs him shall
fight me. My name is Jim Bowie."
The preacher said that after this an
nouncement he never had a more at
tentive and respectful audience, so
much influence had Bowie over that
reckless and dangerous element.
"WHAT WILL YOU TAKE?"
One thing the writer had forgotten
to state in its proper place about
James Bow ie. The editor of a news
paper in the city of Natchez, Andrew
Masschalk, had published an article
reflecting on Bowie." Bowie went into
the editor's sanctum, aud laid upon
his table two pistols, holding in his
hand a raw hide and said, "which will
you takeV" Masschalk, with a smile
upon his fece, remarked, I take it all
back;" Bowie replied, "If you take it
all back, we'il go and take a brandy
sinasl; come along."
This singular and fearless man de
voted his life to the achievement of
of Texan Independence. lie was mod
est, and never sought place or position.
With Travis and Crockett he fell in
defending the Alamo. At the time of
the assult on the fort he was stricken
with fever. He had loaded weapons
brought to him in his little room iu
the fort, and as he lay upon his bed he
discharged them at every Mexican
who darkened the narrow door. This
is the testimony of Mrs. Dickinson
and a coloied man who were the only
human beings who escajrd. Over the
fate of these three men patriotism
will diop a tear and memory mourn
their loss as long as generous feeling
and free government exist. E, P. H.
It -.- r:it letter from I'Mil'in confirm
the report that Harriet Hosmer ha
completely abandoned art, and is devot
ing most of her time, lo the solution of
the problem of perpetual motion.
The New York Business Men's socie
ty for the encouragement of moderation
has issued a pledge binding the signer
not to drink liquor when absent from
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