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About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (April 14, 1881)
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ADVEBTIMISfl It AT KM.
PUULisnr.ji i: -civ tiJuiwuAV.
tfACK 1 w. j 2 w. j 3 w. I 1 in. 3 in. I 6 ni.j 1 yr.
1 aqr... $1 00 f 1 fto'$2 00 $2 60 $.' 00 $ 00 f 12 0
2eu.ru i mi 2ooj 275 a zr, a to lo oo leu
8ftir. 2 00 2 75 4 00 4 75 8 00 13 00 20 04
Hcol. 6 00 8 00 1000 ISO 2000 28 00 35 M
V Col. . 8 IX) 1200 1500 l00 2500 4000 GO 00
lcol... 1500 1M00 20 00 2500 4000 GOOOIIOOOI
A . -U 1A A
' 'ir.e St.. One D'ork Norili of Main,
' r'-. of t-fiW Succt.
All Advertising Bills Duo Quarterly.
(TERMS: $2.00 a Year.
JNO. A. MACMURPHY, Editor.
V& Transient AdTertUmenta most be fal
Terms in Mvanca:
One C."Mty. inn; yt...
Oae ') -i in...,. ...
PLATTSMOUTH, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, APRIL 11, 1881.
Extra Copies or tbe IIrrald for tale y
J. P. Youno, at tbe Poat-OOOee New Depot
VOLUME XVII. v
vnt -iiy. ill. e ii.niii !is.
of Clothing; adapted to the season. We are malting additions weekly to our Ininicnc stock of Men's, Youths' and
sa,. and -hope by "liberal dealing" to merit a eontlnned
sliare of the
JSTEXT DOOB TO O-AIETTTIE-HI'S HEW JEWELBY
I A L DIRECTORY.
A. S. l'Al. im'Iv. V. S. Senator, lii-atru-e.
Ai.VIN S Mn:i:s. U. S. Sniamr, Omaha.
Y. K. VAI.1..N i INK. K'ir-sf utat. West t'oiut.
A I. Ill N I N Nf'K. Oovemor. Llncolu.
S. .1. A I.K DKIl, Sirftarv of State.
.infIN V l.t.i l!. Au.iitor.' I.inrolp.
U. M. HA l;i i.i-:i"f. Treasuirr. Lini-itlii.
V. . .lU I -.Mllt. t'llillif liiniiurtioB.
.a. i. KKN ' ' 1. 1.. I ..i n it I'lHiiniioHonei.
.'. .1. 111. v i. 1 II . Attorney General.
KKV. C. f. I! A !:iIS. Chaplain of i'enitvlitiary .
UK. H. I. . 1IIKWSON. Suut. Hospital fr
the Ins:... .
S. MAXWi ..i . Chief Justice. Fremont.
;ro I'.. I.AKK. Omaha.
A M . s.v : H i:, l.ilieoln.
,St conrt Juilicial t)istriet.
S. H. rol'M'. JiHle. Miwi.ln.
.1. C. W.VIm N. rroseeutiiiK-Att'v. Nell. City. ;
W.C. SHov. , 1.1 Kit, Clerk litiiet Curt.
I'latlMi . '.it h. i
f'lunty 7iirectury. '
A. N. SI I.I I AN, Countv Jiulge.
.1. 1. IK 1 1. coi.niv Clerk.
.1. M. I'A I 1 ! .j. son'. Comity Treadirer.
i:. W. flYKI.S. .-herilT.
K. H. Wooi I. V. Co. Sup't Instruction.
(;. V. KAIM 1KI 1. Surveyor.
I'. 1'. i ASS. ( ,.niier.
i'I STV COMMISSION KKH.
SVM'L KICIi i:iSON. Alt. i'leaxant l"lfcia-t.
ISAAC Wll : . :'l:tttmnoiitli rre-l:iet.
JAMKS CUA KoKl. South Lend rn-iiiict.
I'.ulies h;ii..n hiisine.s" w;ih the County
Coiiiini-fii.il r. will fiiul litem in whm.hi I lie
! list .MotHhty .inJ Tuesday of eaeh iimiit'.i. 4ttf
f.'ilf 7)ire torv.
J. W. .loa' i-OX, Mavor.
.! M. I'A i ! ! ;:soN. I ri asiin r.
.1 l. SIM I'M!
n. t :: v Cl. rk.
VIA N. I'oUr.- .Illl-e.
. i iiii'.f of 1'olire.
i;n ii Ai:n i
u . I I .14 n r. .
F. i:. win 1 1:.
Clii-f of Kin- Dept.
COl'XCI l.M KV.
;oliiKK. C. H. I'Air.MKI.K.
. FAIKKIKI.D. .1. V. W'KCK-
I it AC M.
Mil. I l l:, THUS. 1'OLI.OCK.
A!.I.AN. I . S DAWSON.
.IN'o. Vs. M m;siialk.
U i Ward--;
o.l War.l -!
41 i W ard I
iit. ii. u v. ir..
I'ilVSII I VN ;r.i! l'K;K4)N ofl'iei- in Fi!7-
i r;,id li'.oek, v. hii-li ill he open 'lay "'K'j'j
lilt. J. I. lIi'CltKA.
lloMlKl'ATMK' PHYSICIAN. Olliee over I".
'. M.iliii-.v' Hardware Stiue, l'laUiinuth. Ne
il aska. H-1.V
ii. U. MVIXIiST. 31. t-
I HVSH IAN & smtlKON.
OFHCK IIOL'US, fnnii H a. m., to 2 p.
KxaiuiniiiU Surgeou for I'. S. Pension.
Y. 41.1 TTK.lt.
OtV.ee on Main Street over Solomon . N'a
31. a. li t ;triu.v.
TIOi:NKY AND SOi.tCI roit. Will 1'l.ie
llee in the state ami Federal Courts. l:si
ilenee, I'latlsnmu! h. Neht a-ka. tM'
U Ihh IV1K.
coll ec riv.s .v .v facia lti.
VTTOKNEY AT LAW. Heal Estate. Fire 1 11 -nrar;ee
and oHection Agency. 4 nin e 111 titz
i;eiaidS Moek. l'lattsiuoulh. Nehraska. ?i-S
i:. .3I I i II.
TI4IUNKY AT LAW and Ueul Estate iiin
ker. Special attention ixiveii to Coili-ctions
and all matters affect iim Hie title to nal estate.
Odice 011 L'd lloor over Post Oliioe. PlatUsniouih.
it. l7V HKELKR A T O.
LAW 41FFICK, Keal l"-tate. Fire and Life In
surance Agents, Plaltsinouth, Nhraska. Col
leciois, lav -payers. Have a uoinplete ahtract
uf tales, liuv and fcell ei-Uite. negotiate
loaus, &e. " 'fry
K.V?. 31. 4U1IAIV3IAX.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
nd Solicitor in Chancery. 4)tl'.ce in Fitzner
Bl.UUock, ,,, ATXSMOl TI, NEb.
II li. W lM.HAM. D. A. CAMPBELL.
Attorney at Lau. Notary Public.
1Vi:IlIA31 JL. O.IJIPBKIili.
COLLECTION AND REAL ESTATE AOENTS
4tV,ce over W. II. HaUer Jt Co's Store.
PlattMiiouth, Nebraska. -o!'
JAMSS E. MOIJISlSflX. W. L. H1SOVVNK.
3IOUKIM03. A IIKlMVb
ATTOHNKVSAT LAW. ill pra 1 Ice in Cass
and adjoining Counties ; ;i ve !i''a. attent!.;t)
to collections and abstracts it title, onicu ill
Fitfc'era'td i;iock. PlattMuiititli. Nebraska.
If you want any
Fire or Ornamental Brick,
J. T. A. HOOVER,
, 0 UISVILLE, - - X EJtHASKA.
PLAT'I S.l4l"i H. NKU.
. I IB! i si: 1..
Ii op. let or.
Eiour, Corn- Mtal f- Fud t
A?w:ivs r-:i hand a!:d lor sale at lowest cash
prices. The Li-het pi ;ees paid for Wneat ai.d
urn. Particular atti'iiMon j;iven eusiom woik.
Ail .T.M VM r.VVAKIW
M.iki- ii : t; s "' per v. 1 ek seLin jio''s for
E.li. Kll'l.i'l i;i 1 p., in uareiay irm 1. -ew
Viirk. Send ! r caiaioi'ie alijj teruis. 221 y
j. F. BAUWEISTER
Fiirisi.sheo Krli. Pure Milk,
i) 1:1.1 1 r:ii-ti 11 At i.i.
Special c;.!:s aitcM'.cd V itUil Vrv-U Al-!k
from same ct.v fur.,ihi 1 ivl.i 11 ai:tetl. -i'y
v N D
ma c ii i n 1: niors!
" " pi.A ri.M..i.Tn. 'r.
ileppirer -f su-HiV Envhits. ?-,)'-;.
Sni'" nii'i n'.s' .' '.
tifm AM r" A 1-11 !,..
t'roulit I"'" Pipe. Force anil Lit; Pip. s M. :vii
Caiifie Safety- Valve Unt vmiii-. i.t.ii ;ni
ki. 's t bras Fiijriiie F'tcr.s
ie nlieil 011 sjioit lii'liv .
F A H M M A C H I N E K s
Qi.U hEi.-I 4 . . ! ll .J t.5.
"!-Tt.,!tiM' Hlb li- litmus.
9 -SVl'i ' - . c-rrt. tO HMilt l.c
-'V, -c I . - - . 8 I SilvrryUlM
: , . i, r : r : I - . t n I eMil : Ii lie.
U i tnt !,:: : . -k '"r "-.
f,f., t torFl'l7r---'-S- M.,n lake. A-Utx.
respectfully solicat asi examination at a susse- i
can and will "undersell95 all competitors by 5
and see that we mean business.
B. & M. R. KTime Table.
Takiiuj Effect December 5. 1880.
FOK OMAHA Fli4)M PLATTSMOUTH.
l.eaes 7 :J0 a. 111. Arrives 8 :30 a. 111
2 :4.r p. in.
" 7 :4o a. 111.
4 :00 p. 111.
9 :10 a. III.
FKOM OMAHA FOK PLATTSMOUTH.
l eaves 8 :M a. 111. Arrives 1ft :0ii a. in.
" :55 p. III. " 7 :&5 p. 111.
7 ;00 " " 9 :0 " "
tOR THE WEST,
leaves Plat tsinouth :20 a. ni. Arrives Liu
colu. 12 :05 p. in. ; Arrives Kearney, 7: 40 p. 111.
I .eaves rial tsmouth at 7 :2o p. in. ; ariives at
Lincoln at J p. 111.
Fii inlit leaves at H a. 111. and at 8 :I0 p. in.
Al rive at Lincoln at 4 : C 3p. in. ami i : a. 111.
FKOM THE VKST.
leaves Kearney. 3 ;3n a. in. Leaves l.ineoln.
I .(Ki p. 111. Arrives Platlsniout... 3 :30 p. u
Leave Line, In nt 5 :1" a. mi., arrives at
Platlsii.oiil h S u. in.
1- u iglit leaves Lincoln al 12 :4)5 p. m. and 6 :Vi
p. 111. Arrives at t'lalisinuutli at :' ;i' p. in. and
I I :.Vp. mi.
Panse-iger trains leave Plattsmouih at 7 00 a.
in. s n" a. in.. 3 40 p in. and arrive at Fiicinc j
Junction al 7 a. 111., 3 a. 111. anu mi p. m.
FIIOM THE EAST.
Paei uer trainsleave Pacific Juni-tion at 8 00
a. 111.. 6 p. in., liiOO a. 111. and arrive at I'latts
1110111I1 at 9 W a. 111.. 7 15 p. in. and 10 30 a. 111.
. V. It. II. Time Table.
''. 11. tf Eftrt Sutithi'j. tifemiir .", 1kM.
:n A.: '
.J :l(tpm -
t :. o
J ; . rl
I i.t I DILI.
KKD 4 I ' l l 1.
IN A VALE.
I liA.t Kl.lN.
hl.i i IM 1 Nii I i, .
A L.11 V
1 41 :a
: A 1
iiilUVM. AMI lf.l4U Tl'lti: !'
t'i. iTT.'llll' II 31 A I I.J.
A l; It IVES.
7..'in p. III. I
!.::ii a. 111. f
s.oo a. 111. 1
:i.:a p. 111. f
II. On a m
7. .to p. in.
10.30 a m.
.:v p. in. f
ll.oo a in.
II Hi a in.
i 7.00 a. III.
1 .TIKI p. 111.
1 K..V) a. 111.
1 (;.l " p. m.
:: 00 p. in
7.1 0 a. m
I 7.1.) a. in.
2.00 p. 111.
l.oo p. in
1 .00 p. Ill
S4)L" I HK.K.V.
W EEP1N4 WATElt,
.1. W. Makshall. P. M.
F IB S T
4F PLATTSMOUTH. NEBHASKA.
IllMN FlT.ii EKA LI .
K. O. DOVEV
. W. Mrl.Affnii.iN.
JONH 4) lilll'KKK
This Bank Is now open for busines at their
iew room, comer Main and Sixtli streets, and
is prepared to transact a ueucral
Stock, 8ond. Gold, Government and Local
HOl'fJHT AND SOLD.
Deposits Received ond Interest Allow
ed on Time Certtfinatbs.
vailahle in any part of the United States and
lu all the Principal Towns and Cities
ACKXTS I'OU THIS
nman Line and Allan Line
Peron wishing to bnns; out their friends from
PURCHASE TICKETS KKOM US
Tlirouzh to I'UttHnioutli.
WEEPING WATER BANK
of .i:i itos.
This Bank Is now open lor the transaction of a
Banking Exchange Business.
Keceived. and Interest allowed on Time Certi
Drawn, and available in the principal towns
and cities of the United States and Europe.
Agents for the celebrated
liiE Line of Steamers,
Purchase your tickets from 1:3.
Through from Europe to any
Poi-it in the West.
KICED S.. 21.fi Weejiinj; W.iter. Neb.
If yon ar a man
of utl i:u-.,T.-tak-
If Ton are
man of ltt-
eninl tr t::e t-.-a:a of
T-v-r Ui:llc aroid
niKlitwoik. ti rr.
tore brain iK-iveand
ftUiiuU'HH an d uia
waste, ua Hop B.
ulTarinir from any In
uon j if you are niar
yountr. suuirintr from
intr n a bed of sick
If yon are younz and
aiu-r.-i.un or umsip
rii'd or f lnfrle. old or t
Vhorvrr yon ar.
whmcrer you fel
Tnouixiuii aio an
nually from aouie
form of ttidner
(lipase tlvtt imirirt
haTe been preenud
by a timely use of
ina vr tinnl;tlii(r,
nrwli i...iM!nir. ton-
t aire nop
b. 1. e.
ia an absolute
hi urinary cam
of iho 4.-ta,
hvtr or nerve t
Tou will or
fly weak and
it 1 it may
life. It has
dreds. t bUs cure (or
fuse of opium,
bop d 1 mis
u rn co
ItwbaUer, X. T.
k ToraU, Ont.
j i DIM Lnoii
We wbIH HDiscoinnatl; all IPfl8fiee ILSsit
KTC, ETC., ETC..
Of All Descriptions.
, METALLIC B UHIAL CASE-'
4f all sizes, ready made and sold cheap for c-isli
With maiiv thanks for past p:itron;ir .
invite all to call and examine my
LAlItJE STOCK t)F
ltf. Kl IlTI IK AM t'OFFIXS
W. D. JONES,
Succcfi-or to Join's & Ajrnew J
Again takes char ye of the Old
Brick Livery Stable,
The old Homier Stables, in PJattstnoutli. are
now leased by W. D. Jones, and he lrc
on hand New and handsome accommodations,
in the shape of
HOUSES, tJAMilAOES, BUGGIES,
I am now prepared to keep HOUSES
FOR SALE TRADE!
And w ill
Train and Break Colts
On Reasonable Terms.
That with plenty of room (that every one
knew I have) in my stable. 1 can (iet Farm
ers' etock and waijons, loac of hay, &c., under
cover, where tbcv will keep Jrv.
Thai. ki it: all tim old patrons for their liberal:
tv. I so.icit tiicir trade fortlie future, catisfieil
th .t I can iiccominodate" tliem better and do
better by them than ever before.
flOly V. P. JONES.
Sule A ppointiny Agent for
Tf I'nrl vmIDmI 5laon &. Ilainlin
XUo State Airent for the Henry F- Miller and
V. C. Emerson ('. Pianos.
at office. Sixth, one do4ir south of Main St.
Will do well to examine our
New 3Iason & Ham 1 in
Readlnqs! Recltaifons! Elocution
703Chestnul CL, fhilcielphla.
Tv.i9 rnmr i rnif-irm W'tTi the Srr'e. an-1 contain an
c Jtt-r i -.fH'i:-! IitlumuUini r." I lcaUlrc-,
c irn'iiiiiufr Snf Imrnt. Orutory. I'lUhu llttmor, I itiu
l H0pf. Piio-.. SO Ct8.. maiit-ii frv. vi hy iool:H"rs.
lircrjr boy ho t-: iht.. every rT-mber t f a l.-tprra
7ho T1TI fciOTBCtllft .N-TV t TC-l.t', FhouTl tt tle
Vj oleSt Ctih r.:t. rr. t InM 1 f Content I'i-vo.
A certain tmre for iervot''
Debility, Seminal Wea-
x s.a Beciptfjj r4 in Vractice for 5 Yea-'
- .0 an inti&ratetfoook of 60 puees ifiving fcU o
i tionsforaolf-trsatciai.t, sentfree, Addrt;
J.R. T. WILLIAMS, 433 If. Uater !.. Huwi-W ui
SEEDS ffi BEST
If nos sold m yocr town, you
. can get them by ra.nL Dron
lo?uend Prices. . r Ohirxt and mott c-cUjinve Snr-i
i'lVZS t nirrd Stale. . "-u.
i " MY FINE HE A USE I
. , ,
By .11 CD
r THE BEST !
LEAD ALL OTHERS !
Evesy Style & Price.
laproreaients ani Comtlrzc
Fir Sale In Every City n.ixd Towa
In the United Sta.tos.
an.l by IT. V. M AT I I K VS,
GROCERIES OF ALL KINDS.
Large st4ick of
BOOTS and SHOES
CLOSED OUT AT COST.
;tiiti in fact everything yon van caiiforin
CASH PAID FOK IIIDKS AND Ft US.
. All kinds of co!;!:try o!(Kli:ce l;iken in ex
chani' for jronil.
A. G. HATT
.IUST OPKXF.n At; A
New, Clean, First Class Jleat Shop,
onMaiii Street roriu-r of .11 li, Plattsmouih
EverylKuly on hainl for ficili, tcintcr meat.
ARE PAID every nolUier disat.Ioil in
' lie 'f rtiitv. by a.-ciileot or ctht-rw ii.e. A
ViOlXllifaiiT kind, los of linear, toe
cjo. lil'Pl VnE, it tut shitiit. dis
ease i. LunfT or urlcoac Vclra (rive ft
j.. ii'k'Ui i uatr new law iti('Uiaiid ars
t-ntitlej to an ir.crens if icti-icD.
iduws, orphitns anil d.pnlrr.t (utiu-rs
r mothers t.f r-,,,,T- - .) . -i in tha
rrmy fet a .oni..n. BOl'NT V L':
tli.trao fT wcun.l. in.i'iru- t.r ruplitrc.
r v,-a full hoiiTity. K'-n.itttan p f ro jtv
J'.-rttf i.tn an-l ll..'nntv Act Ad lp ..
. P. H. Fitxuer'alrl & Cr:., I .in
A in nt.. T;idiait.:i..:i. li: I. t r--'---.
. A.W.I'svi'. lv- t In. M il-. j::.i I:'
' " . nr. I l:. !'. K '-t.ii. -rf.-. I ...-t" -
Prink, u-iu cf ii.a-...naiM.:.s. :. .
JOTTTTL Kews forEovs ami Girls ! !
Tnunirand Old!! "A KEW IN
VENTION lust patented for luai:
for Home use !
Vret and Scroll Eawinn. T.irDina.
Boriny, DriUing.Orindtr'g, Polisbili,
Screw Cutting. Price $5 to tM.
Hcnd 6 cents for 100 paxes.
JEPHRALM BROWN, Loweil, MaM.
ml 8 tath c .i. .i. I.. L. . j m .1 tlxs
ivi-i.-j-t.ta .if 1 ..r .i )-....... ... -i t: .i.r.. ; .j
Tu:KJti.r. im'I, fwij t. f- ; . - n-, .-. i I .. ivi. 1 : I.I.-I lr-i',
a I I .rf v:!l U -i... . -' ! . r . ?.- n tr...t.t:i.
-i ' " i- - - .... -i 1 iO. Ai. . 1 X i:- t i : ! :..
S 1 wtriiitliiW'rrn.iiiii ..ir i .l - ..." v, ..
t -!uailT priKjucil
thijnwa t; CO., 2 CUtaa j'Zicc'. IvTW 5W.
1 ' r -
w sil jiw
FA KM KU'.S C1X V hTi ON.
AjMivssos Ih-1 voreil Itefuro Hie Farm
it's Convention tit Heejiiii!?
ttator, Jlart'Ii 2.
uv J. P.. CM ASK.
'"'litre are two 4listinct classes of
Kiae vines. 1st The European or.
easieni iintieuous to Europe, Asia or
Aluca, iiu.l otLen refer red to by the
most ancient poets ami iiissoiiaus.
Tiie American or western, foumi
growing wild by the earliest explorers
ami exiemliii over a large pul l ion of
the cuiiiiiieiil. The Eur. pean grape
has a soliU pulp cuveieil with a thin,
closely adhering sUin. ll is said t
;l;li!"is!i best wiien set alining lie l ucks
of snug hillsides, rrquii ing iitlie sup
port other than the nakt-u rcks. l itis
habit 4f growth seems tt be referred
Co i;i iiu- songs of Solomon, 2:id chap
tei , 15th verse, wheie tiie wise man
speaks of "The Foxes, the little foxes
that spoil the vines; for our vines
have tender grapes." also Aristoph
anes, a distiugui hed wiiler of An
cient Greece, compares armies of sol
diers to foxes. He says '-Invading
soldiers spoil who.e countries as the
the foxes tlo the grapes-." -These al
lusions to the destruction id' the
grapes by the foxes ami specially by
"the little foxes," would scarcely nave
been appropriate, unless the grape
vines naturally gro a very low or were
made to do so by cultivation.. The
American grape has a thick kin en-
closing ;v movable pulu that readily
slips out when the grape is slightly
j pressed. The cultivated American
! grape in all its varieties is derived
from the wild native vine which is
I naturally a great climber. I saw, in a
(Michigan fonst, a wild vine some
three inches in diameter, suspended
from the top of a tree not less than
ninety feet high. I alao saw in New
Hampshire, a cultivated vine grown
from the seed of a wild Connecticut
stock. It had been s t near a large
elm tree and had spread over a consid
erable part of it, some parts of Hi;
vine covering branches forty or fifty
feet hijli. For seventy five or eighty
years this vine had produced an av
erage annual yield of about twenty
bushels of choice fruit. Its fame had
spreail far and wide, and many a well
rooted slip Inul been parted from the
parent vine. The vine during all this
time had no cultivation, no pruning;
it weeded none; in its setting it was
given all it required, soil, protection
and room to spread. When last heard
from the old elm and vine still main
tained their youthful attachment t
each other; and,, after feeding v three
successive generations with its gener
ous clusters of delicious fru-t, it
seemed ready and willing to feed how
many more i know not. Now, from
the tenor or what has been said, it
w ill be readily perceived that there :s
no foolishness about the grape vine,
that its requirements are numerous or
expensive in considerations of its gen
erous returns. Its requirements are
four; soil, prottction, support and
room. -1st, Soil; in reference to soil, it
needs only to be remarked that it is
good enough any where in Nebraska
for grapes. 2nd., Protection ; the vines
must be protected from ''the foxes."
Underfills term must be embraced all
intruding animals whether biped or
quadruped ; in short every man ought
to have a piece of ground fenced
against all domestic animals. In this
enclosure should be set all the fruit
bearing trees and shrubs, the vi"?s
and ali the garden vegetables, and
some room left for flowers. All can
be so set or planted in rows, as to ad
mit ot most of the work being doiu
by the cultivator as in the corn field.
If farmers have children of a suffi
cient age, I would advise to give rhem,
bojs and girls, each a patch of ground
m the enclosure for their own to cul
tivate, to set fruit or flowers such as
they may choose and all ihe proceeds
H be their own. Thi3 w ill generally
prevent an inclination to join miy
gang of garden' or orchard i.eHk
thieves, and incline them rather to
lakesuch a course in youth as will de
velop into honorable maturity. The
third requirement is support; as
sliowii in the preceding remarks
the natural support of the grape vine
's a living "t re? to Hi" 'uastclies tf
.;.ii h it a! t.ii.Iifi ittii'lf by Ua trnritUs.
i he best tree for this purpose so far
f 1 kiit-iw is thi elm I prefer Ihe
white elm on account of its rapid
uvowth, superior toughness of its
wood, ihe smallmss of its leaves and
the greater spread ?r its Iiiunehes.
If trees are used for bupporting the
vine. they shiui'd be set as early as
possible in the spring and at least as
far as twenty feet apart. The vines
cm be set at the same time about
four feet from the trees and in the
line 4f the trees north and south. If
at any tinie tiie vines sliouTd spread
? ? ?
so as to be in danger uf smothering
the trees they must be cut back or
tliinueil so as lo give the trees full
growth. Stakes and trellises are usetl
for vir.e supports to a large extent.
When these ai e used there ia need of
much pruning to keep the vines from
becoming so ilense as to smother the
fruit, but in thinning do not cut away
the leaves of the bearing canes,
for they are the lungs of the plants,
and without them the fruit will re
in tin give-i till killed by the frost,
but cut out the weaker canes and sur
plus new growth.- 4ih, The vines
must have room to spread. This re
(juireinent having been sufficiently no
ticed in connection with supports, I
wiil only a !d if the vines become too
thick either prune out 4r extend the
!!y (i. II. Crijipen.
Mr. President! Ladies and Gentle
men! I regard this subject of poultry
raising as one.of no small importance
to every husbandman, but one of deep
and growing interest. To say nothing
of the convenience and pleasure of a
well Iille4l poultry yard, we regard it
as a s.)tuvi of actual profit, yielding
bacK the 4juickest returns and the
largest dividends in proportion to the
amount of capital invested, of any
other branch of husbandry. Those
who have kept an actuate account of
all expenses and incomes of their poul
try tell us that every fowl kept, will
pay for itself four times every year.
There is nothing else kept on the farm
yielding so large a per cent if profit
with so little labor.
Our object in this paper will not be
to cive you a history of the various
kinds Jof domesticated fowls; for
the i istory of their first domestication
by in in. runs so far back into the re
mote ages of antiquity, that we have
no history lo guide ns, nr tradition to
point its uncertain finger to the time,
place and circumstances of their first
domestication. All these are utterly
hist in the obscurity of the past. But
our great object will be to call atten
tion to some of -the leading tribes of
the great poultry family; ami make
some suggestions in reference to rear
ing, fattening and marketing the sai.ie.
First of all, tae great pains in the se
lection of your stock, and get none but
pure blood to breed from. Do not
keep but one variety. If you attempt
more, the result will be the intermix
ing of the two and the loss of pure
blood. Among all the Asiatic farm
lies there is but little choice. Each
has its own distinctive features, pe
culiarities, excellence and admirers.
Some excel as egg producers, some in
early maturity for market, and others
as possessing a superior flavor for the
table, one mentions the Brahma as the
most desirable and important of all
the 4liff4'rent families. Here are two
varieties, the light and the dark Brah
ma. We mention next the Penciled
Hamburg, two varieties, the Silver
Penciled and the Golden Penciled.
There are four varieties of the Cochin
family, the Buff, Partridge, Black and
the White Cochin. There are several
other varieties such as the Houdans,
.English Dorkins, Black Spanish, Dom
inique, Plymouth Hock, Lang Shangs,
Having selected your .tock provide
a warm comfortable house for them.
It need not be expensive but matle of
plain boards and covered with the
same material, if only dry awl .warm
in winter, a.ni roorn.y a;;d well ventila
ted n siuviHHl", U should always
face the eolith apcl contain plenty of
windows. The perches fchojld be on a
level and not more than two or three
feet from the mound for heavy breeds.
Everything abouc the house should
bo kept clean and neat, with a good
supply iif j.uie water a liberal supply
of food, and a large shallow box rilled
with ilust or dry ashes, for bathing
purposes as a preventative against
lice. They should always be weU
supplied with gravel. b'W-Ut Um-s,
lime, small bit,g , p.? i.iA.kVn earth n, 4r
;.l.iU-i -lug fallen from the walls of
the house. For their iliet give them a
variety buch as corn, oats, buckwheat,
w heal ami w heat screanings, also a;(
occasional meal 4f boiled (.utuiot-s
with chopped C'.ibUusi'u, nd onions
with V.Hs. of av meat,
If Cue weather is cohl give them lt t
t'o4 M 1 such us luit mush mixed very
si it?, and hut boih-i! ptatties mashed
am! well seasoned vith ground pepper
or iugi-i , to st it ni. late iiig ami pfe
vent sitiing. Ahviiis i'eeij upon the
clean ground or u vicaii board.
Carefully observe these suggestions
and follow them rigidly, and you will
never have the cholera among your
poultry, bur always have plenty of
fresh e'L's lo sell in winter when they
are scarce and the price high.
If your fowls show signs of lice by
losing their feathers from their necks,
fumigate and whitewash' your hen-lvous-e
frftiifently, and sprinkle a lixtiV
r F" " 1 1" "'1 ( 11 "'" "S f
Scotch snuff in their feathers and you
will soon be rid of them.
For setting, select hens from two to
four years old, as they make the best
mothers never set pullets if you can
possibly avoid it. Always set two at
the same time in a safe dry place and
give ali the young chicks to one of
them to nurse. Let the coops be large
and dry, well littered with clean dry
litter every day. The young chicks re
quire hearty food, such as corn meal
mixed very still' and fed frequently.
Occasionally mix a little ground pep
per in their food to prevent the gapes.
They need extra feetl and care while
feat hering out, as then the ilraiu oi
their physicial constitution is the
greatest. Hatch your chickens as ear
ly as the weather will alhiw. The
earlier the better if you design them
for market, as tiie early market pays
the best. If you fail to get them into
the first market, as a rule keep them
late, evtn until spring, when they are
fully matured and the market is al
ways st rong.
Next to the hen in importance is the
turkey. The same caution to get the
best variety should be exercised. Orig
inally there was but two varieties of
w ild turkey, the brown turkey of N.
America, and the Honduras turkey of
Central America. These have been
domesticated and breil with our com
mon turkey until we have several va
rieties. The most important of these
is the Bronzed Black Turkey. This is
the largest and best of the domestic
tribes, and is said to h ive been pro
duced by a cross of the wild male upon
our common turkey, proilucing very
large specimens, somet lines weighing
from ;iu to 40 lbs.
The turkey lias such a roving na
ture and is such a poor provider, it is
better to set her egs under a hen. Be
sides turkeys reareil by a hen are more
doineslicatttl. Set from 7 to 9 eggs
under a hen, and set two hens,
as one hen in a goou coop wiil rear all
the two will hatch. The little chicks
are very delicate ami need good care.
Give each one a kernal of whole or un
ground pepper when lirst taken from
tiie nest to prevent the gapes. Feed
them often a little at a time as they
are not hearty but delicate eaters.
They require corn meal well cooked in
a cake and pot-cheese as a change.
Give pure water or some milk for a
ilrink. When preparing for market
confine them closely, feed liberally and
they will fatten in two or three weeks.
As a rule it pays best to keep them
late and fatten well as they are solil
per pound and bring a better price.
Always keep the fine t specimens to
A few ducks and geese should be
kept on every farm. They are espec
ially valuable for their feathers as
well as eggs. The Ilouen D ick is re
commended as best adap'.cd to the
faun. They aie large size, prolific
layers ami yield a large amount of
feathers. They never. roam, and fat
ten easily. The young are easily rear
ed being hardy, good feeders anil in
veterate insect hunters. Ducks should
be put in a pen every night and de
tained until after they have laid be
fore being set at liberty. An erron
eous opinion has obtained among far
mers that ducks ami geese require a
pond or a stream of water in onler to
be successfully raised.
They only reiiuire a pool or box set
in the ground and filled with water
large enough for them to wash and
bathe in. Both experience and obser
vat ion teach us that too much water
is a detriment to them. They spend
too much time in swimming for pleas
uie and too little time in eating to
In the Goose family the Bremen
Geese are recommended the highest, as
worthy a place on every farm. They
are large, weighing "JO to 85 lbs and
pure white in color. The period of
incubation is five weeks and may be
reared by the hen. The poultry yard
is not complete without the noisy
cackle of the Guinea fowl. But a very
few of them will answer. They are
very shy and quarrelsome in their na
ture ami their young'tlLflicult to rear.
They are good layers" laying from 70
to 100 eggs in a year.
How I hey Take.
The nomination of Hobertson, wlm
led the light against Grant and Conk
ling in New York City last fall, for
Collector for the Port of New York,
City, creates surprise and ctmsiderable
?omment. The other nominations,'
like Chandler, Merritt and Phelps,
hail theeffeot of removing the feeling
among some Hepublieans that the
president was yielding to the stal
warts. The Collector of New York
has a large patronage and can wield
immense political power more than
any other Government officer in th
Stiit;'-. t'tmklh'g, it ii said, greatly
preferred not to have this power in
the hands of a man who opposeti him
so strongly a Hobertson. but it is not
believeil that Conklnlg will oppose his
couth ination as that would endanger
the cmd'ii lualion of Conkiing's friends
who have been nominated for vlaces
in New Y4irk. The action of the
president in dividing the patronage
between both factions is regarded as a
4lesire t4 harmonize the party in New
York. Merritt, Hie. present Collector,
whom Cpnkiing fought so hanl some
years airo, goes as Consul-General .to
Coining to America For. Ideas.
New Yokk. Apiil 5.-Four directors
of the Loi.don and Northwestern rail
way, aecompar.ied by one of th6 man
agers, start early for the United Slates
to inspect the American railway svs-tf-m
with a view' of introducing x.,
jMigiaiiu or some or us te.".uu.. ' '
deputation will ti-HT' "''' ",e
trunk liiiv-i in thu states from -New
"crk to t?tm Frairrta.
The following letter was mailed to
the New Y'ork Sun yesterday after
noon by one of the best known stock
men of the state:
Omaha, Neil, March 31, issi.
To 1 lie Editor uf The New York Sun :
In a late issue of your paper the
statement was made that the loss in
cattle dining the past winter upon the
western plains ami the cattle grazing
country of the Northwest has ben
about five million dollars. This is a
gross misstatement of the facts, and
tine that your valuable paper will, I
am sure, be desirous of correcting, if
you are satislitl that the statement
is wrong. "The Sun which shines
for all" has a too far reaching inllu
ence not to correct mistakes. I have
been in the cattle business upon the
plains for the last thirteen 3-ears, ami
my investment is large enough lo
prompt me to watch the matter of
cattle losses very closely. I have
made several trips lo the cattle
ranges during the winter, and have
coiiipaml notes with many others who
have visited the ranges of Nebraska,
Wyoming, Colorado and Kansas.
The number of cattle upon the ranges
of these mates ami territories last fall
was about 000,000. Their average
value is about S20 per head. This
would m ike their value twelve mill
ion dollars, and if your statement is
correct the percentage of loss would
exceed forty per cent. The fact is that
the loss of this winter does not exceed
seven (7) per ce.it., being in cattle not
more than 42,000 head, or in immey
SS43,O0(). and, by hiss, I mean not only
the direct loss by cattle dying, but the
incident hiss from lack of increase.
Tbe cattle will come into market
this spring in S4imewhat poorer flesh
than usual but on account of the
greatly increaseil moisture in the cat
tle country there will be much earlier
and better grass than we have Known
for years. The stock interests of the
far west have never been in better
prospects than at present ami I know
that you anil your readers will be
pleased to know the fact.
In regard to my own interest and
my position to know the whole truth
of the matter, I refer you tt Messrs.
Kountze Brothers, bankers. Wall st..
New York, and to Sidney Dillon Esq.
President U. P. H. H. company.
Very truly yours. '
Wm. A, Paxton
Eiibichs' Fashion Ql'aktkki.y is
like the stvallows; its coming proves
that spring is here in earnest, and
that the dreadful winter of 1880-81 has
at length receded into the past.
The Fashion Quarterly, as usual
is full of information for the fair. It
tells them what to buy and how to get
it ; what styles have gone out of fash
ion, and what are coming into vogue ;
and its copious descriptions and price
lists will enable its readers to prac
tice a wise economy, by forseeing, and
providing for every it. in of the sea
A strictly novel feature of the pres
ent number is the system, of Ladies
unmade dresses; which is intended to
enable a ladv to secure the most fash
ionable goods and patterns, without
being subjected to the charges of a
New Y'ork drossm iker. Under this
system, the Ehrichs furnish the ma
terials and patterns of the various cos
tumes illustrate in their journal, for
a fixed price: sending not only the
dress goods, but the lining, trimming,
buttons, sewing silk, and. in short,
everything but the needle and thread.
The economy of this is evilent, and it
is safe to predict for it an immense
The Fashion Quarterly is publisheil
by Eh rich Brothers, Eighth Avenue,
New York, at 50 cents a year, or 15
cents a copy.
Miduight in tha Sanctum,
nunli ti .
It wa p:e-t midnight, and the lights
in tin; -:i iic-i it.ii sIioik' brightly on the
brave im-u or ll.c si. IV then; ascnib'ed.
Ti t! news-eili or riMi-hcil over for the
brush i 'f-'.s'cu a paragraph 4lown over
"It ti.-iste to be honest," he mur
niun'fl. Especially wh4n you are .-rescissory
to the act,'' said the city editor.
"Ihi! this' said the editor, lilting the
old siove-po'ish i-nt from a pile if loose
manuscript, "is what gives the papir
weigi:t.,, "Ami this," said the ass ei.ito. hold
ing an ori:iii:d poem on "Winier" in
the "-a -jet, "lends it an airv light
ness." Nary lighlm ss it is," said the news
cdit4r, "-for there's j4iunds and pounds
of it i:i the lir.iwer."
"Take care of the i4innds," said the
city 4;ditor, "and the pencil will take
cari- of itself.''
"I should re-mark," said the proof-reaih-r,
as he i-alied for a revise.
"And 1 should ilollar," sai4l the busi
ness manager, corning iu with a hatful
"Now, youi shoutin'," sang the chor
us; "say your piece."
"I have come to co-operate with you,"
sa'ul the .business manager. "Si.-e! these
are the new adze."
"Put :i pica head on it," said the fore
man. And longi'r hail they sung, but with a
frown the funny- man impatient rose,
and, remarking that this was a noose
paper, joked off all farther debate, and
the forms went down.
Atlanta. Ga.. was named no longir
ag4 ihtui 1S1. by J. Edr--r Thontjwn,
tlll Well-known pr.--i.leut of Hi"'
erlv-ifil.-i K.-iiiiort'l ooni.-my- J Jul l. -l?ve
v '.rs Imveji.st passe-l ami I hero .1
now ..Ieveu Atlanta ia tha LuUcii