Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882, November 15, 1865, Image 1

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"7 wrn attempts to haul doicn the American Flag, shoot him on the spot." Jonx A. Dix.
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Thirty desirable business and rcsi
T-n botifand acres of prairie and tira
Ter-ni to suit cah purchasers.
1). II WIIIU.fK.
R-:il Kr:ilf Afn',
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Court H..U...., riAt;-iiiouth.
T7HITTEM0RE & CO , Proprietors,
I aj nil kinils of craln at hicht m.nrke! i. to. Tlio i
' :tvi.ti..n of Ihr wh.nt pri'wrrs of Nt-I ! a i -r..:i d :
I I the iiprrlfr taclliiirs atf iiiii'd tbei:i by Ih.'-r mil's
in rcnTfrtit.u into ciisti the wheat imrm.'.-a for iiie
"clr.lo market. ".;. 5, U.8 I
Eilit or Ten Tlioronsfh
Iired American
TifT t- re hred ky J. S. Watker, Wjrtnin? Co'inty,
. K. V and airrd h- hm fulximm vtork-hiirk
"i?i,r, - Ha,ien" wasr-ivr! ty vp- rs. ci:fires
ef .Y-mnt, and is a half hro'hcr .f l.t ceiubra,,,! !
hrt -ynnuor-r 'otri H.i!.-n" fca lu.rn ti:.! - J
"of wsol of (in. Trar"s erowtti. For further
lajjunition Inquire rf - -
'- S. X. VISE. FIattmuhtt,or
. . C. B. WALKER, Slit Crttk Font '
Medfoiid,' Mass., Oct. 8, ISG-j.'
My Dear Sir: I was so much im
pressed with our conversation of last
Tuesday, that I returned immediately
to my room and wrote down such of the
points as I could remember, and hav
ing pondered them all the way home,
am to-day, more than ever, convinced
hat, if corrected bv you and returned
to me for either public or private use, it
will go far to promote a good under
standing between you and our leading
It will also unite the public mind in
favor of your plan, so far at least as
you would carry it out without modi
fication. You are avare that I do not associ
ate much with men in political life, but
r.-uht r with those who, reprejenting the
advanced moral sense of the country?
earnestly iibor for the good of our peo
pi o, without hope of. or even desire for
cilice or oiher immediate reward. The
latter class desire earnestly to under
stand your plans, and, if possible, sup
port your administration.
I think the publication of yjur pro
cess of recoup! ruction, with the reasons
for your faith iu it, will commend itself
to tiuir candid judgment, and, as I told
you, inspire our whole Northern people
with confidence in your administration.
The report is meagre and unsatis
factory, but I think it conveys, for the
most part, the spirit of our conversation.
Therefore, although the whole tenor of
your words leu mo to believe that it
was net intended to be kept private, I
have refrained from anbwering the spe-
-c . : :.: t : . ........ IliljUIIIUS Ui UUAIUU1 lUCliu:, llliuill
1 ,utft on my way home, lest I mighi,
in some way, leave a wrong impression
on their minds. Truly your friend,
Georoe Ij. Stearns.
The President of the United States.
Washinoton, D. C, Oct. 3.
I have just returned from an inter-
j view with President Johnson, in which
j he talked for an hour on the process of
! reconstruct!'.)!! of Rebel Slates. I lis
manner was as cordial, and his conver-
satioii as free as in 1SG3, wLen I met
j him in Nashville.
His ccuntenancR is healthy, even
more so than when I first knew him.
I remarked, that the people of the
North were anxious that he process of
rt construction should be thorough, and
they wished to support him in the ar
duous work, but their idras were con
futed by the conflicting reports con
stantly circulated, and especially by the
present position of ihe Democratic par
ty. It is industriously circulated in the
Democratic Clubs that he was going
over to them. He laughingly replied,
"Major, have you never known a man
who for many years had differed from
your views because you were in ad
vance of him, claim them as his own
who he came up to your stand-point?"
I replied, I have often. He said, so
have I, and went on; the Democratic
party finds its old position untenable,
and is coming to ours; if it has come to
. 1 1 1 . i' in T n m o-1 n , 1 tf ft Vnn nnrl
I need no preparation for this conver-
s-aiion; we can talk freely on this sub
ject, for the thoughts are familiar to us;
we can be perfectly - frank with each
other. lie then commenced, with say
ing that the States are in the Union,
which is whole and indivisible.
Individuals tried to ca'rry them out,
but did not succeed, as a man may try
to cut his throat and be prevented by
the bystanders; and you cannot say he
cut his throat because he tried to do it.
Individuals may commit treason, and
be punished, and a large number of
individuals may constitute a rebellion
and be punished as traitors. Some
States tried to get out of the Union,
and we opposed it, honestly, because
we believed it to be wrong; and we
Vinv cnrrpisjfprl in rntitrr A n it- n trSo T? n-
I o
l)oJ;on. The DOWer of those reTSOnS
who made the attempt has been crush-
eu, ena cow we wani ro reconstruct tne
State Governments, and have the pow
er to do it. The State institutions are
prostrated, laid out on the ground, and
they must be taken up and adapted to
the progress of events; this cannot be
done in a moment. We are making
verv rapid procress. so rapid I some-
,tr,J at',VJ I t ' .
times cannot realize it; it appears like
a dream.
We mast not be in too much of a
! t i l. .1
nurij , i. is oeiiei 10 tei laeui i ecunsu uci
themselves than to force them to it; for
if tney go wrcng, the power is in our
Laud and we can check them at any
stage to the end,, and oblige them to
correct their errors: we must be patient
with them. I did not expect to keep
out .11 who were excluded from the
Amnesty, or even a large number of
them, but I intended they should sue for
pardon, and so realize the enormity of
the crime they had committed.
You could not have broached the
subject of equal suffrage at the North,
seven jears ago, and we must remem
ber that changes at the South have been
more rapid, and they have been obliged
to accept more unpalatable truth than
the North has; we must give them lime
to digest a part, for we cannot expect
such large nflairs will be comprehended
and digested at once. We must give
them time to understand their new po
sition. I have nothing to conceal in these
matters, and have no desire or willing
ness to take indirect courses to obtain
what we want.
Our Government is a grand and lofty
structure; in searching for its foundation
we find it rests on the broad basis of
popular right. The elective franchise
is not a natural right, but a political
right. I am opposed to giving the
States too much power, and also to a
great consolidation of power in the Cen
tral Government.
If I interfered with the vole in the
P.,ebel States, to dictate that the negro
shall vote, I might do the same thing
for my own purpose in Pennsylvania.
Our only safety lies in allowing each
State to control the right cf voting by
its own laws, and we have the power
to control the Rebel States if they go
wrong. If they rebel, .we . have the
army, and can control them by it, if
necessary, by legislation also. -If the
Great Government controls the right to
vote in the States, it may establish such
rules as will restrict the vote to a small
number of persons, and thus create a
central depotism.
My position here is different from
what it would be if I was in Tennessee.
There I should try to introduce negro
suffrage gradually, first those who have
served in the army; those who could
read and write, and perhaps a property
qualification for others, say $200 or
It would net do to let the negroes
have uciverjal suffrage now; it would
breed a war of races.
There was a time in the Southern
States when the slaves of large own
ers looked down upon n m-slavedolders
because they did not own slaves; the
larger the number of slaves their mas
ters owned, the prouder they were, and
ihis has produced hostility between the
mss of the whites and the negroes.
The outrages are mostly from non
slaveholding whites against the negro,
and from the i.egro upon the non-slave-holding
The negro will vote with the late
master whom he does not hate, rather
thtin the non-slaveholding white, whom
he does hate. Universal suffrage would
create another war, not against us, but
a war of races. ,
Another thing. This Government
is the freest and best on the earth, and
I feel sure is destined to last; but to
secure this, we must elevate and purify
the ballot. I for many years contended
at the South, that Slavery was a politi
cal weakness, but others said it was
political strength; they thought we gain
ed three-fifths representation by it; I
contend that we lost two-fifths.
If we had no slaves, we would have
had twelve Representatives more, ac
cording to the then ratio of representa
tion. Congress apportions representa
tion by States, not districts, and the
State apportions by districts.
Many years ago, I moved in the
Legislature that the apportionment of
Representatives to Congress, in Ten
nessee, should be by qualified voters.
The apportionment is now fixed until
1572; before that time we might change
the basis cf representation from popu
lation to qualified voters," North as well
as South, aad.'in due course of time,
the Slates, without regard to color,
might extend. the elective franchise to
a'L wha possessed certain menta 1, moral
or such other qualifications, as might
be determined by an enlightened pub
lie j ungment.
Boston, Oct. IS, 1SC5.
The above report was returned to me
by President Johnson with the follow
ing indorsement.
George L. Stearns.
I have bead the within commit
ATIONS. (Signed) A.J.
The following is the concluding pas
sage of an address written by the late
Daniel O'Connell, the great Irish agi
tator and patriot, to the committee of
the Irish Repeal Association of Cincin
nati, ou the subject of negro slavery in
the United States. We commend the
sentiments to his countrymen in Ne
braska: "We conclude by conjuring you, and
all other Irishmen in America, in the
name of your fatherland in the name
of humanity in the name of the God
of Mercy and Charily we conjure
you, Irishmen, and descendants of Irish
men, to abandon forever all defence of
the hideous negro slavery system. Let
it no more be said that your feelings
are made so obtuse by the air of Amer
ica that you cannot feel as Catholics
and Christians ought to feel, this truth.
this plain .truth, that one man cannot
have any property in another man.
There is not one of you who does not
recognize that principle in his own per
son. Yet we perceive and this ago
nizes us almost to madness that you,
boasting of Irish descent, should, with
out the instigation cf any pecuniary or
interested motive, but out of the sheer
and single love of wickedness and crimet
come forward as the volunteer defend
ers ot the most clegrading species ef
human slavery. Woe! Woe! Woe!
There is one consolation still amid
the pulsations tf our hearts. There
are there must be genuine Irishmen
in America--men of sound heads and
Irish hearts, who will assist us to wipe
off the foul stain that Lord Morpeth's
proven charge has inflicted on the Irish
character who will hold out the hand
of fellowship, with a heart in that hand,
to every honest man of every caste and
color who will sustain the cause of
humanity and honor, and scorn the pal
try advocates of slavery who will
show that the Irish heart in America it
as benevolent and as replete with char
itable emotions as in any other clime
on the face of the earth.
We conclude. The spirit of demo
cratic liberty is defiled by the continu
ance of negro slavery in the United
States. The United States, themselves,
are degraded below the most uncivil
ized nations, by the atrocious inconsist
ency of talking of liberty and practic
ing tyranny in its worst shape. The
Americans attempt to palliate their in
iquity by the futile excuse of personal
interest; but the Irish, who have not
even that futile excuse, and yet justify
slavery, are utterly indefensible.
Once again and for the last time
we call upon you to come out of the
councils of the slave-owners, and at all
events to free yourselves from partici
pating in their guilt.
Irishmen, I call cn you to join in
crushing slavery, and in giving Liberty
to every man of every caste, creed and
color. Signed by order,
Daniel O'Connel, j
Chairman of ihe Committee.
EQFThe New Orleans tribune, own
ed and edited by colored persons, relates
the following incident: ' When Carl
Schurz arrived in this city he became
the guests of General Canby. It was
in the evening. Next morning after
breakfait. General Schurz said he would
be pleased to look over a loyal city pa
per. "There is none," replied Gen.
Canby, "except the Tribune, which is a
negro paper."
SST"A lady in Boston last veek as
tounded a female pickpocket, who in the
crowd had thrusted her hand into her
pocket, by turning and coolly inquiring:
"Why did you put your hand in my
pocket, when I have my purse in my
L3The house -of Baring Brother &
Co., of L6rid6n,reaehed' its hundredth
yea'r 3 'few days ago. .- : -
A frtend sends the following humor
ous orer issued by an Indian Quaner
masteif. It makes some very fair hits:
Hind Quarters Indian Brigade, )
Near ft. Gibson, C. N., April 2o. $
Gctral OorJer No. 1.
I Cubs of the Quartermaster's
Department of these Hindquarters
heroes cf a thousand mud-holes and
"nary 5a fijhi" after four years ardu
ous service, marked by unsurpassed
iuk-slinging ; find uuparallelled hard
cursing, your Chief bows to the edict
of thei General Commanding, and de
clares' these Hindquarters "non combat
ibus in swamp."
I ned notjteJl you, my gallant mule
stealers, whd have to the last braved
the danger of being kicked to death,
that lihavc not thoroughly given up this
"goout egg," or consented to the result
from any distrust of their abilities, but
feeli.Tjg that itKvas worse than useless to
steal against such superior rank, I have
this day capitulated to the Post Head
quarters. -
By the terms of the agreement, you
can remain at home until exchanged,
(or sieal yourselves into the penitenti
ary,) taking with you all your private
property, such as mules, sugar and spun
truck;. I wonld suggest that the cubs
take as much sugar and coffee as pos
sible, or it will be wasted by being is
sued to the troops.
You will toke with j'ou the satisfac
tion of a "nest well feathered," and I
earnestly pray that "Old Bill" may not
catch and bless you, as you deserve, for
your noble ivijid self-sacrificing conduct.
Many have sought glory at the can
non' mouth, and s:hed their blood upon
the altar of. their country although
this glorious privilege has been denied
you, yet you .have ever had the first
picking at tne spoils, and in the hour of
batilu I hive found you at your posts
far, far in the rear.
With an increasing admiration for
the . adhesiveveness of your fiDgers to
Government property, and the wonder
ful stretching qualities of your con
sciences, coupled with a grateful re
membrance of the many things your
"aflidavy'' has enabled me to put in
"Abstract L," I bid you a sorrowful
farewell. A. L.,
Q. M., Indian Brigade.
"Caught a Tartar"
The Copperheads of Sandusky, Ohio,
undertook to seduce a soldier of the Re
publican ranks by nominating him for
office. But they offered their bride to
the army man, and got the following
stinging kick for their plans.
L'eitor Register: Whereas, with
out my knowledge or consent, the Cop
perhead.-" of Erie county, in their Con
vention at Huron, September 22d, did
there present my name as candidate for
Connty Recorder, and did actually elect
to give me the nominnation, therefore; I
hereby declare, and request my friends
(if they bear me any love) to make it
known that the proceedings of said Con
vention as regards my name, are wholly
repudiated by me. On what grounds
their expectation of my acceptance of the
nomination was founded, I am at a loss
to conjecture. If I baa remained nome
during the last four years of rebellion,
fighting the Government ly word and
bsllot, plotting the death of friends and
the overthrow of liberty, if my name
wis Vallandigham, Booth, Wirz, they
might have had a pretence, but I don't
drill in thai squad; I have been a soldier
I liave seen B!le Isle, Libby Prison,
aiid as they (the Democracy) did not
yield their- support in time of need, I re
ject their Jove now.
' A. C. Van Tine.
, Thatcao't easily be improved.
EST" Keep coffee where it will not
imbibe odur, for it takes it on readily.
Whole cargoes are sometimes lost by
the presence of allspice or rum.
CSTFghthard against a hasty tem-
per. Anger will come, dui resist it
strongly, i A spark may set a house on
fire. A fit of passion may cause you
t mourn all the days of your life.
Never revenge an injury.
ESF"In most of the French lunatic
asylums medical men make it a point
to enrourge their patients to give vent
to their oivn thought", either by writing
them down on paper, or drawing and
painting them on canvass. The results
fre most satisfactory.
The followinc is the nick names of
the different Stales which we find in an
exchange. The origin of them would
be an interesting study for the curious
in such matters:
Rhode Island,
New York,
New Jersey,
North Carolina,
South Carolina,
Green M'nt'n Boys
Bay State.
Wooden Nutmegs.
('lam Catchers.
Blue hen's chickens
Clam Thumpers.
Tar Boilers.
Corn Crackers.
Fly-up-the Creek.
Gold Hunters.
Hard Cases.
Beef Heads.
Bug- Eaters.
The English Government seems to
become more and more frightened in
regard to the supposed movements of
the Fenians. A number of detectives
from London arrived in the last steam
er to this city, with special instruction?,
it is understood, to keep an eye on the
Fenians, and inform the English Gov
ernment from time to lime of whatever
facts may come to their knowledge in
regard to them. One or more of the
detectives, it is stated, left for Chicago,
where it is believed that the Fenians
are organized in greater ttrencth than
anywhere else in America, excepting
this city and vicinity. It is understood
that the Fenians have lately adopted a
stricter secrecy in their communications
and action than formerly. A. Y. World.
A novel claim was settled by
the War Department lately. In 1863
Geu. Granger ordered all women of
ill-fame to leave the city. One hundred
and seventy-three were placed in charge
of an oflicer, with orders to leave the
cargo at Louisville or Cincinnati. The
authorities refused to allow them to
land, and the officer was kept cn the
river about a month, at the expense of
about S6.000. the Government declin
ing to furnish provisions. The claim
has just been ordered paid. JVashville
Probably the worst speculation
of the Democratic leadeis was when
they professed to ignore their platforms
and to make tenders of support to Pres
ident Johnson. They lost both ways.
If their penitence was genune, still
the Union leaders who had been tried
in the same works and not found want
ing, would be preferred. If it was
false, their own followers who knew
them best, would turn upon and dessroy
them. And so, between the distrust of
the one and the contempt of the other
side, they fell into grevious disgrace.
What is the Monroe Doctrine?
Mr. Monroe stated in his message
of December 2J, 18:23, in clear and
explicit words, as follows;
With the existing colonies or depen
dencies of any European power we
have not interfered, and shall not in
terfere. But with the Governments
who have declared their Independence
and maintained it, and whose Inde
pendence we have on great considera
tion and just principles acknowledged,
we could not view any interposition for
the purpose of oppressing them, or
controlling in any manner their desti
ny, by any European power, in any
other light than as a manifestation of
an unfriendly disposition toward the
United States.
A story is told of a vain New
York ycung lady, who, dissatisfied with
her good but irregular teeth, had fifteen
of them pulled out to make room for a
new and false set. In vain the dentist
wished to save her eye teeth. She
would have them out. Nervous pros
tration followed the operation, and she
died a victim to her pride, and leaving
the false teeth uncalled for.
Wine is not a thing made by tranat
all, only modified at most. Ii is a pro
duct of nature. In the purest and best
grape wines this is most remarkably
exhibited. The grapes are easily press
ed by a wine or even a cider press,
and can be kept separate from the lees
or allowed to ferment on them a
strength is required. Not one drop 1 f
water, not a lump even of sugar is re
quisite, although most of the wines in
this country are prepared with it. But
the fermentation is all an act of nature
herself. She it is who makes our wine,
and while the fermentation is going on
all that man can do in to watch and let
it alone. And when that has ceased,
the drawing off into a clean cask and
keeping it undisturbed in darkness and
perfect quiet Ly itself, is all that man
can do. A lump of loaf sugar in each
bottle when bottled, may give a cham
pagne freshness to it, but the simpler,
the purer, the less of cookery in wine,
the better for it and for those who have
good taste enough to prefer it thus.
The pure juice of the grape is best;in
sickness. The best grapes, and if sugar
be added, the best and purest sugar,
should alone be used. rhil. Ledger.
ty In Chicago a petition, signed
by a large number of respectable citi
zens, setting forth the danger incurred
by allowing females in the city to carry
fire arms, has been presented to the po
lice commissioners, with the requei-t
lhat they may take action thereon, and
have all females disarmed.
- - m
ESIt is said that no single instance
of a submarine telegraphic cable being
injured by fish cf any kind or size has
yet occurred. Every creature with fins
flies from It, so that it fares much better
than the wire on land in India, where
the monkeys are persuaded that the
poles anl lines are erected for them to
use in gymnastic exercises.
ESS0" Some body has estimated that
fifty thousand people will visit Europe
annually for the next two years, each
will expend on the tour two thousand
dollars, and the whole sum of one hun
dred million dollars in gold will thui
be taken out of the country.
5S?"The Herald says petititons to
Sec. Seward are circulating in Boston,
already received the signatures of some
of our largest ship owners of lhat ci y
praying him not to press our claims on
the BritishGovernment for depredations
of the anglo-rebel pirates. The peti
tions state that when England becomes
engaged in a war, which cannot be far
distant, the position that Government
has taken in regard to fitting out vessels,
if allowed to stand as a precedent, will
give us such on advance lhat we can in
flict on her commerce damage a hundre d
times greater than she has allowed to be
inflicted on ours.
JSKLucius Robinson, the Copper
head candidate for Comptroller of New
York, when a member of the Le gisla
lure in 1S60, voted for a proposition to
amend the constitution, to extend the
right of suffrage to the negroes, and
there is no public evidence that he has
yet changed his opinion.
lySyThe three latest -fancy drinks
in California are called "ladieg' tear
punch," "anti-divorce cock-tail," and
"soul stirring solace."
ESFGeorge B. McClellan, whom
our readers may remember as a Major
General in the United States Army at
the commencement of the war, is slay
ing with his wife, at th French Capitol.
Av2r"The Jackson Mississippian says:
"It is the natural right and duty of all
freemen and freedmen to Uear witness.
This rule of law prevails in the State
of Mississippi, unless there be legisla
tion to the contrary.
5FThere is in the British Museum
an almanac, written on papyrus, near
ly three thousand yeras old, which, hav
ing been used by some Egyptian of the
olden limes, was buried with him.
JgSF'One of the great Harris family
pa.s recently walked one hundred miles
in one hundred successive hours, at
New -Orleans.
tS" A Negro, particularly a dead
one, is not considered worth much in
New Orleans, judging from the follow
ing item cut from the local of a New
Orleans paper: "There is a dead .nig
ger in the River at the foot of Custom
House street.'' That is poor Sambo's
x !