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About Dakota City herald. (Dakota City, Neb.) 1857-1860 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 21, 1860)
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, l ,MS ll.vr.HTH Nfl. COMMISSION AVD Oil P-l ISO
.. ri. i)., a r-'titfi r lliU r ia tlm cluof
m,,, p, , Wilmington, Pel, an 1 Lai! ini'-re
,, i i;M V AM- CiilNfrM.'lll AT I.AAV-
.., - jXririflt.
. p., .;,... i n tt ii .-.to. I to ltin care will be
,.-.-t I t- 'h I T"p;!'tn"'S and iHmi nti-lt.
Vten'iim tvill lo ni l to ttic i
i ,,f r'vr, VI-! Roil U-tatc HlMtOW-
4 - TfMI-v-'Ai
: 7 n p A 3
jl r i'!TV.
.loiiN otnni r.B
vVAY St CURRIER,
ii.rn i nt f.aw,
"ill atf-nd to all legal business iritruv.ti il
u ih' ir care, iu western lown, m.d oast-
MARTIN H. DEVER,
7 V; .1 r,r.ui ! its I'.tl r.
-T c;iA YA.VS fTKHiT, FT. l.OUIS,
f ..mi t'y utter.. 1 to nil businrp in li's
, ht..-, loil b!'. v-..rk ex-.'outfj with m-nt
Ate - mi i -li.-j .ii.ii. Wili jfivo citil lutcntiuii
tj : iiv wmi !. ti nt wny lie cutnii-leil to bis cin e
v hi ri'.nteil.
LEAV ITT L. GOW EN,
T'-t i. I pi'-mptly to any bninei tntr
i ii' I iu in tli-'(t.urti of tlm IVrritory.
i r !!l.-k, Uuinlia Cilv, N, T.
Aijfc'unt, IS,' ;
J i) U X TAFFE,
rxrr r tvr.xstLi.oii at la ii;
I'..'. rrf.iiit'tly nticnj ull biipiness t-ntrus-
t-'lto him. OlVu'O ou Graves street,
r-i-tof the " A'liei'iirnn House;" Oiuii-
i. :.. i ri;
.i i;:ai. I'.-r ati:.
iar 1 : : r
v tli pnl tii- thHt nny bn-lni'v cuti ii rti-l
Tf vi.l in, , t witK fr-.mpt fttt.nli.'ii:
u iiit lanitf- iiitn lntiM tim-n. f-r ii.l lltt--ns
tiiyinj. H-iiin :. r.-nliiiL- r-r li-n--ltii: of n-t
"r''''S tin- l-liyilis, M-llillr loratlliK cf
- -iu mi ti nr i--r chnIi; inikinc rnlltH-d.'iii.,
-'. i x iiMiiiL- i,i rctir-N to M-riW-tnoiw i.f
nr link. i . t r t..i k ; tin- i t.tnti.inL-i.f
3 v 'l 'tj cinij uiij t. r l..ts drawu tn
' P B'.J-i mi,! J' re I.'fn
i ''; ', T'reh 'ir.y
" ' ' ' ' fi l-arl. of the tnti l.
in .v on Iihii.I a liirje ntrx-k of Dry Ontoh
i.nnil miiJ M-.iii, !,., j,,.y w j ,.n
(h. ,r -r I'k.Hii-i miv ti. II. u t.. tl.lt-. iv.t !..,
'u!l kiu-ls of drv (riKulfi. (rr-wi-ri-'H,
un i'oiiioili-i.in, for privat- or mm
X'-o:!:-. ti,r otLur iiroi-rty. CliureH
; ' N iv Y ON' DEPOSIT,
.ru ;t to i. M -..-, ,.r ,.,.nt m-t profit, pr an-
' '.in. if Ml on di-Hwit ovu 9 ilnjra.
i-'ul 1'"r"'" ''lin tn Invert should not fHil tornll
i " L'"'y ,,lkVU l'Tistt uniouiit ul raluuble
ill- low for cBt-h or rn limw.
-t I i I'lcri-n:,!- iriven if ri-.tiin-il.
.) I) M. CUOCIiWELL, Privl lint.
'i'y, August 1 1, 'M li'.ly.
i C F. EC K HART &. CO.,
RCniTLcia and buii.dk ns,
KIKOl.l ClTi; KEBRASKA,
l r"l'" pln n. (inaclfiaitiouB for lirlialanni
I' I'lllI'llO". ... I ...... ,w. F,.. "
t T Any inioruiutluo wttnteJ, iDijuir--
Jf!::''; of bMi city company.
i -fox. us sKEi.r,
TTnHNi:v anl Counstllor at Law, Omahn
-5 H ILL1AJI X. IIYKKS,
)'it?,hKAI' KVTArK ""'1 Or..rl U,i,iw.
fat 7i :','!" ''.""''' '!' N'otnry I-hihio; iiirtvom
O.ii i a t "t'rora.i'8 oiUc,un racnhax
NLb'.tASlCA. Offl-o -ul
, !''tV filVKN, flint H.-nt... Proposal, i 1,H
:f'"' '""-m.-i-of thel-i-iinty ( lerk. of lk,H
'h I'-kotaCty. until II..- 1-t -Uy ..I K- l.ruury
J ' '' o'--'o- k .-I Hi,l iliiy. l -i- tl. -r.-.-li .n .,1 i
"I II..OMH ..r ..i I C iuiiIv M lJahnta I'lti.
ff '' ' -p.-tl.-a!!. t.a t a.i I buiiimit . uu ln
l' . ol tin- i-ur.tj CI. ik.
"ill tw r. ',ui-.. t., i i tb.-ir r,,,
-t timy at wlo-u il..-y wi.l i-n'iii i. L-
a iiiii.- nnt to . .-j
'- 0 .y i, t,.,ruii, , a I. I ii
t n y .-urs ti - ii, tii,-
"'" " f r in , u r: I . l . ,n f
1' ii..-' in l...in-li
" I -t. It, mil I .,w, , ,.-
i-' t t.-rs,
-l a m slal,- i ... ,,i ! ..t u '
-I'.iui- if all C i.i.tv !
-ir lii.i? a
. ,.,v r,.,.rvi) ,h,. , j ., ,
J" ""IM;!,,,,,, , fwU ..r.,,
, '" -i.r" a I r- uu i ( . i i
' MUM with lb- t-ritih .l :li ir if.
. 1 " inpl- ti. n ul rail i.ntra-.anil th.
I Ml; r.''.',.ii by I i l ,. r, hi.I In i.-,-ai.l
' ' a.,it,K,.t.
" I lln C..UIit fuu mis. I.'li. r.
I 1 ' ! I w 1 1; M K.
D A ti 0
VAMi!ip.T.m Hrf. 27.
Tlie 1'r f r.t's M. ttttge bns lent Jtlivt rcl
The rr.t.iJoi.1, r.rtcr rxprcirg gratitmlc to
the Almighty for bles; ingu ret-eivf J throtigliout
the year, roft-rs to th recent bloo.ly occur-
r ncc at Itari ,-r's Fer.v. Thone rv.-i.ts. (.a 1
anj cruel iu thcinitvlve, dorivfl their chief
importance from thfl fi'relicn.ioiis that they
arc but fjuij toins of on incurable Jii-eiifio in
the pitlliu mini! which tuny brenk out in etii'
mure diirgiroua outrages auj to ti rminiite at
las1 in open war by tho Noith, an.l to abclitb
Blavery. W hile be hinmclf eutertuius no cuuh
i prchcnsioiiM, they oufht to allorJ a eoU-Hin
warning to u all to be reaily for the uj pruimh
lie u a :
L. t ine iinluic my counlrytiieii North bud
South to cultivate, their iiboieut feelings of
mutual fotlioiirance and good wilt towards
c cli ether, and etiive to ailnv th Jnu.-n
r ' "r''' liatro.l ;td stii ". utw aliv
iu tiie lurid.
This advice proeenls from tho heart of an
old j u'dicfiinctioniiry, who-c service Conime.
ced in Inst generation of wiser and conserva
tive statesman of that day but he indulges in
no gloomy furt-bodiiiga. lie thinWn the ullair
at Harper's l'etry will be the mentis of allay
ing tho exiating excitement an J preventing
further outbreaks. Hi: cji diuMy cunratu'uit
e Congress on the tiu.il settlement by the
Supreme Court of the question of slavery in
tho territories. The light hus been etablirh
cd for every citiz-n to take his projerty of
any kind including s'nves, into tho ten itorie,
which beloiig equally to the whole confeder
acy and to have it protected there under the
Federal Constitution. Ii either Congress, nor
the territorial legirdnture, tor any luirpn
power bun any power to annul or iuipitir this
vested light. Tnus has the state of a Terr:
t iry during the iuteriuediuto period from its
first rvtlleim-ut until it beoonics ft State, been
irrevocably tiled by the final decisiou of the
Supreme Court of the United States.
Ho then describe the mode of admission cf
a territory as a State into the L'uitn. It may
be admitted with or without slavery as their
constitution may dec ibe. This principle has
been recognized in the name form by the almost
unanimous vote of both houses of the last
The Shu t Trade.
All lawful means at hisconimind have been
employed and will continue to bo employed
ngviiat the alave trade. Our biBtory proves
hut the fathers of the Republic, in advance of
ii H other nation, coudeiuueJ tho slave
The Chinese Treaty.
Ratification of tho Chinese treaty have been
exchanged. Two supplimental oinventious
are, however, pttndirg relating to the rights
of Americans in Chiua- and the truiibit du
ties. Fureljn II luto.iw
Our diTioulties w ith l'araguny ure ?&tisfao
toriiy Hiijui ted. Oar i tlaiions with France,
Russia and all continental governments, of
Kurope Spnin perhaps excepted continue to
bo ruust friendly.
Tho President recommends that fn appro
priation be made to meet the deraunds of tho
A mil-tail claimants.
His opinion in favor of tho acquisition of
Cuba by fair means remains unchanged; there
fore, ho again iav:ten tho seiiuus attention of
Congress to this important sutject.
Grr.it rSrit iia.
lie had g-icd re i-on to believe, until recent
ly, that be would have been able to announce
our difficulties with Great liritiuu as fiually
adjusted, in a iu .nuor honorably catisfactory
to both pai tics. From cauies, however, which
Groat Iiritiun had not anticipated be had not
yet completed tho arrangements with Hondur
as and Nicaragua, in pursuance of the nuder
etanding of the two Governments. It is nev
ertheless, confidently expected this will shortly
be accomplish cd.
In relation to San Juan, ho entertained
doubt cf tha Talitity or our title. He was
happy to state that what was left to Con Scott's
discretion could not have been placed in better
hands. Oen. Bcott has successfully accom
plished his mission, and there was no longer
any reason to apprehend colliscu cf the re
spective forces during the pending of the ne
lie apeak with r"ret of the unimproved
condition of affairs in Mexico. He ejieaks ou
the sul ject at leiiLith. Outrages of the worst
doiriptiou, he says, are committed on persona
and property, and there is scarcely any form
of injury which has not been tuHered by our
citizens there during a few years past. We
are nominally iu pence with Mexico, but as
far as the int-ire ts of cur commerce, cr our
citizens there in any private capacity
ure coL-erned, yra might us well be ut
.'-'i. M.Laiic, in August la.-t, wrote : "I
h'-pe the Pre-ileiit will feel authorized to ask
fr..iu Chi, i chs fr power to enter Mexico with
military forcei at the cull ,,f the Cou.-.titu'i n
al huthD.itii-, inonlerio protect our citi --.
us an l treaty rigl.ta. Unless si. eh power
is c- ofi .-icd ou i.'.iu, the evil i mut increase
The President adds : I have been reluct
antly le I to the same opinion, and I feel
1 i uu 1 to nun iiince this conclusion to, Coiipri hi.
I i.i i a i .t'-'i i i wLivh re! ites t i U, fjiui j
C 1 1
J)AK()TA CITY, KEBKASK., SAT
as well as to the pant an! prrnent. Thraul
which bo tfnuires, and which Interrf ta all the
Cjn"nreiM totintrit, in that winch i-hou'.t K-
'on'? on' to lll povernr.icnt, not or.lv Ijr tir-
,uf of our ueighbo. Uoo.l to Mcxioo, but by vir-
1 16 rI"0 of our etftblUheJ H'""?. h,ch
''"nt with the intervention cf any
1:',r(,P'n rer In the JomcMlo coticert.n
of tho Republic and for tho tensions itat
ed. The President recommends the express pat-
eape of a law authorizing him t employ uch
a military foice to enter Mexico for the pur-
pnse of obtaining indemnity for the future.
Should volunteers be selected, fucIi a force
could easily bo raised in this country niuong
those who pympatl.iio with the sullcringa cf
our fellow-ciliicus in Mexico an I with the un
happy condition of that country. Such an
accession tj the forces of the constitutional
gnverutucut would enable it sooner to reach
He recom"'""-!" tb -i;-i. . "i
t j posts across the Mexiean lines in Sonora,
and Chihuahua for the protection of the lie
and property of Americans against Indian
He recommends the establishment of a tem
poral government in Ariiona,
He thinks the provisions of our recent
treaty with Nicaragua cannot fail te be satis
factory. He recommends a Iaw authorizing
the employment of a navul force for tho pur
pos o of protecting Amerloaus passing by the
Panama, Nicaragua ami Tehuautepec routes
and again reoommends that authority bo giv
eu to employ the naval force to protect Amer
ican commerce from seizure und confisca
tion by Mexico and the Spanish American
Ho refers to tho faiiuro of the Tost Office
i p(ii(p:iat;on, and recommtnls the passage
of a bill at tlio earliest possible day to pay
the amount duo the contiactor., with interest.
Also to make the necessary appropriation for
tho Post Office Department for tho curreut
He recommends a railway to the Pacific
for the reasons which he has heretofore giv
en. He says that it appears from the report
of the Secretary of the Treasury that it is ex
tremely doubtful whether we shall be able to
pasa through the proscnt and next fiscal year
without additional revenue. Should a deficien
cy occur be recommends that the necessnry
revenue be raised by an increase of the present
duties on on imports.
In conclusion, be recommends to the just
liberality of Cougress tho local iuteicttsof
the District of Columbia.
The Secretary of the Treasury, in his rep-.tt
does not doubt tho BOtual receipts of the
Treasury for the present and next fiscal
years will be fully e.iual to the estimates.
Tho appropriations made at the present
session need not exceed tho amount contained
in the estimi-te. It is believed they can be,
with the oidinn.iy and extraordinary receipts
already provided by law. The estimateJ ba
lance that will be in the Treasury June 301a,
is only $ 5,6 10,000, and leaves no margin for
nlditioual appropriations. If, therefore, the
appropriations should exceed the estimates
or Congress Bhould detomineto provide withiu
this period for payment of any portion of the
public debt, it will become uecossi.ry to make
provision for such contingencies. If additional
demands are created on the Treasury by legis
lation of the present Congress, provision must
be made to meet them by such increase on
the tariff duties as may be required for that
purposo, in such an evcut.
He respect fully rofera Congress to his last
report, as ooutaiuing bis views ou that sub
ject. There ia no nrevidion made for the perman
ent redemption of any portion of the J0,000 ; The necessary exi en.es which will be ineur
000 TaSi. notes, and as authority for the 1 r id for the census will require an appropriation
, , -
issuing them wiil expire on tne outn ot June ;
it will be necesaarv for Congross to extend
the law for that purpose for another per
iod. The Post master General gives an inter
esting account of affairs in bis Depart
ment. He advocates various reforms, and trusts
that Congress will cither give its sanction to
specifio ootitract fur mails between Portland
I and New Orleans, by toting the necessary ap
propriations, or will indicate for the Depart
in ent such a oourse of admiuistratiou as shall
warrant it in closing with tome one of the
proposals which have been received and are
now held under advisement.
He urges action to secure amiable Post Of
fices in New York and Philadelphia and re
commends the repeal of the clause of '.H,
whioh declares that in forwarding mails to
foreign countries, the prefurenco shall always
be given to Amerioan steamers same port
for the same destination, withiu three days
of each other. It is tho highest elomont iu
tho mission of this Dcpai tment, and hence th-.t
legislation which provides for letarding ir
stead of acclei atinp the maila miy besifily
pronoiinccl at len t einaordiuiny iu it-, char
acter. The Post OHUe Dcpattinii.t, accoi Jii g to
t e theory of its organization, ahould be self
i-ii-.li, in n;-, and because of the peculiar ckar
a;'i d of its f'lncti'ius, it ohou. I u.t be a
charge on the common treasury. He advocate
the uliolitiou of the franking privil.e anl
the an1 -tit'jli n of piiioiyioi i.t I y atamps j
wi ll I .' a. I w t
troy bel- n -
E Ii A
KKH A M ll K X ."
UK DAY MOKNlISfi, .) A NT .
o i th (iovf rni-icnt (T; c V '. by v. bom tl
wrie j-i-rj etrali-J.
The Poiretiiry nf tha Nnvy, in arenKind of
tho anece'slul termination of the Paraguay
rxpaditit ti, aya tho Coet cf maintaining tho
aeven pun-hast-J vesst ia In CuiiiinisMiou was
not tmicli pri-iiter than that of nniint a.ning a
, aingla rtriktn fi iiratr. Their aequitition ena
bha th depaitmi t.t to alojt more tfliclent
I measures f r tho aupprosiiiou of tha alave
traJc. Kinee tha octoinenoement of the prea-
; ant A Iministratinn twenty f If an vessels have
i been ad-led to the Navy, lie recommends a
.tiii further increase cf tlio navy. Imdead of
perpetuating old vessels or expcndi-ig ruillloiia
iu the construction of large ships, he earnest
ly recomn.i nds the prosecution with vigor of
the lino of policy which has been adopted by
Congress kud a much larger number of steam
ships, v.liieh osn bo obtained at acomparatlv
ly amall coi t. It ia a souroe cf ex'reme re
gret and mortification that we are now at
4l --Hpl-J - ! .j i-aovcist-lj and 9ry ia,
some foreign country, American citizens Im
prisoned, plundered and murdered lecausa
the Executive has not the means to protect or
redress them. He urges an increase in the
marine, melical and purser's departments
narrates the operation tf the various squad
rjus during the past year, and reootumeuds a
provision for assisting infirm and disabled of
ficers, As a measure of increasing tho army,
it is not deemed advisable to proceed in man
ufacturing ritlod cannon beyond those requir
ed for experimental purposes.
He speaks favorably of the breech loading
arms. It does not appear neceHsary to re
quest any considerable approj riation for ad
ditional masonry work for tho fortificatious,
such as are not strong enough to offer good
defense against i hipping, may, when an ene
my arrives, be reinforced at a amall oirpense
by earthen batteries properly combined with
them for military support, and of such an
extent ns to give an aggregate amount of
sufficient power for defense.
The army iu Utah remains inactive and
i tanJs in an nttitudo cf menacing force to
wards the oonquered nnd sullen people.
He is satisfied that the preservation of
right and justice, through the means of any
jurisprudence, however reoognized by the
the people of tho United States, is Impossible
in that Territory. There is in the present
altitude of iiir.iirs, scarcely any nocessity for
the pre.cnoo cf our troops there, and they
will be other nice dispo.-ed of during tho CuCi
png sea i' ii. """.
The above named se.i.-etarins ahow wherein
they have largely reduced (he expenditure!
and chtiiuatcs asecmparcd with previous years.
The Sicretaay of tho Interior says : During
the five quarters ending in September the
sale of lands yielded over $3,107,000.
i!17, (HlO acres were locat.-d with '.and war.
Amor.2 the general recoiumnndatisES is one
that a law bo passed iu a spirit of liberality
to settlers on occupied lands, allowing to each
two years from tho dato of filling bis declar
ation statement, within wbicb to make bis
proof und pay for bis land, and at the same
time making it incumbent for the President
to offer at public salo by proclamation, all
lands thutmuy have been surveyed by author
ity of Congrefs at any time within two years
after the plats of surveys have been approved.
He also suggests th manner of provontiug
frauds. All things considered, our relations
with tho Indian tribes continued during tha
past year satisfactory. He regrets to add
that official documents furnish sufficient evi
dence to justify the belief that an nttroolous
case of murder a lj 1 rapine charged to the ac
ccuut of the Inii. had been In reality com
mitted by white in- u wearing disguises of the
ludluus. Measiin j have been taken for the
BMiriinration of the ! linn. The policy mm
ii tc gather them inn-mil tribal reservations
tli Mb l- ast T 1 ,ovo,ciu''. a. in I'CIICICU UU.il
wise and just tocor.imcr.ee operations for the
purchase nD I distribution from the agricul
tural c"'.cc all Eush varieties ofpluntrf, sued,
cutting, -ic , us havo been introduced into the
-i I o. I, i . . , !...;.
LAW O K X K V a I'A PK 114.
1. Subscribers who do uot give expreen no
tice to the contrary, are c uiidered as wish
ii g to continue their aubscription.
2. If subscril ers order the discontinuance
i of their periodicals, tha publiahcr may con
I tmoe to sen 1 thum until ail arrearages are
I 3. If su'is.'-i ili.'-rs neV-otor Ivf'use tj lake
their eriodicaU from the office to which they
, are directed, they are held responsi hie, til;
they have settled the bill and order 1 tl.em
I. If si.bvnb-'ru remove t an -th.-r p!a -.e
witl.iut in'urtimi;; the publishers, and the
1 paj ira are sent to their for.i.i r ' iiectxr,
' they are be' I responsible-
fi. the Courts havo decidol that it.fu-iug
to ti ke ( vi'u lu als from the office, or re
uiovii R mid leaving tin m uncalled fir, is
prini i f :c i h-iicd of into ftional f'raa I.
T!. ut. . '.- i- ackuowleijgaj byCiuitaiu
tut Cited .-tat'-s.
I I t-. HAM.
your words fake I, a k,
Anl ci '.-eon Wi.-e t ifrovu;
pre 1m to tnVae y.nir eree 1 It ! 3 I
fl;.v- it i " S'i'. le of 1'roirn '
t- Al I Allot T TIIK 111)111.
Thrro are about two hundrcU biinoa In '.be
hnuaal edy, eie.iiisive of the teeth. These
benea nio ruupi-e-l ofai.imtil atnlenitlly
material", ti.j toimer pri-dniiiinal ing in ) utli
and the latter iu old age, lemleiing the l-niu-a
brittle. The most Importatit of these buna
is (he spine, which is composed id twenty
four small bones, cad ,-d t'10 vett. r'.u.r, unn
on the top of tho other, ruriomly hooka I to
gether and f islonc l by ela-itio ligaimmtt foim
ing a pillivx by which the human body is (.un
rolled. The bonoa aie moved by the musiles, tf
which theie are more than 500. The red meat
or beif, the l-u being excluded, ia thu muscu
lar f:i!iicof iheox. Then we two c of
masc'.es, one to ilr .w Ihn boiu a one way, and
another to draw them back aga n Wecannot
better desciilie the tuusclea trisn rninpiu ing
them to due elastij thread hor.u I up iu their
eases of akin. Many Muscles tera iuaio in
londoua, wh.i u are blunt cords, such as may
t a seen traversing the back of the band, Just
Without tho skiu, and which can be observed
to move when the hind Unpen er abut.
Fv.ry motion wo make, oven tho iuvoluutary
one breathing, is poiforuiod through tho aau
ey of c:u sides.
Iu adults thtre aro fiito"u qu aia of blood
inch weighing about two pounds. This blood
is of two kinds, artciial and venous. The
first la the pure blood aa it leaves the hiart Iu
uounsh tho frame, and is of a bright vernill
liou color. The last Is the bto.id as it runs to
the heal t loaded with the Impurities of the
body, to bo thero refined, and is ofa pnrplo
hue. Every pulsation of the heart sends out
two "ounces of nrterial blood, and as there are
from 70 to K) beats in a m'.nute, a hog-bead
of blood parses through the lieait every hour,
Iu fevers tl.e pulsation cro decelerated mid
consequently death ensues if tho fever is not
The slomach ia a boiler, if wo may use such
a lipjuro, vhli h drives the human engine.
Two sets ol nii-idus, crossing each other, turn
Ihn food over Ainl over, churning it up in the
gastric juice till i! has been reduced to the
coiiilstehcy r: ti.tu paste. This process
requires from tu tu four hours.
Ejiei-j'iiig from tlm stomach the food enters
the stiiitil ii.toi-lues, where ills mixidwith
tho bile and panereatio juice, and converted
into chyle. Theso aiunll Intestines are twen
ty-four feet long, closely packed of course,
anl surrounded through their whole length
with small tubes which are like sockets nnd
drawing oil the chyle, empty into a large tube
named the thoraioduct, which runs up the
back and discharges the contents Into the Ju
gular vein whence it passes to tho heart to
assist In forming the arterial blood.
The lungs are two bags connectud with thu
open air by the wind pipe, which branches Into
innumerable small tubes, all over the iusido
of the lungs, each terminating in a minute air
ooll. The outer surface of these air cells is
full of small oapllla'Ios, infinite email veins, a
thin niembran only dividing the air from
The impure portion of venous blood is car
bonio acid, which, having a atronger afliinity
for air than for blood, passes through this
meuihranre to a gaseous state, combines with
the air in tho air cells, and is expelled w ith
the next respiration. Meanwhile the oxygen
of the air unites with the blood, and becomes
purified; then passing into the heart, being
mixed with uhylo, it is forced through the
body us Hfii-giviiig and arterial blood.
The skin serves an important purpose iu
carrying atf impurities of the system. It is
travi-i nd with capillaries of tho body. It is
i'. io perforated with uountloss perspiration
tul-i, thu united length of which umouuts to
Iw.Tity eight miles, and wkich drains away
from three to four pounds of waste matter
every taeuty four hours or fivo-eighths of all
tho body discharges.
The nerves are another curious feature of
tha animal e inniy. They are, however, but
little uudeistood, They act, as feelers to tell
the w tnts of the body, and also as oon luotura
ts rill tho rr.uiclcs to sot. Tho branch out
from tho brain aud spine over the whole frame
in irilinilely Una fibres, like bri.i, oi.es or twigs
TIIK NOUTIl WliST.
Hon. H. S. Cox of Ohio, in hisspn-'h ii,
in the I'onse on the tth, thuj uliuded to tl.e
North W' t : J
When you e iiiie to the (.'rpatN'irthtve-t, j
you fiiid ouo million one 1 n idi 1 1 ii 1 tixty.
two thousan 1 voters in her seven S'utes. '
Thiiis a hi ndred tlioiisand more thai, ell the '
voters iu the Sonth, one third f the whole Uri-
ion and three times as many as New Dupl-m 1 j
I believe, sir, that mure than otic half of those
votes will I. e cast, in 1. olO for Ihe Dcmicruti)
party, for the rights of the States and the
p rn an mce f Fcteral eoncirl. You will
find those voles arm i;, favor ofthe Union
anl the f'.ti tiiutioii, who.h u tl.e oily
l.aiiii-nt w I.i' u h'i.U that Union tegi lhi r.-- ,
Voiiv i l f i. l ll.ii nt'in hrr.i nt i ,.t in. ,. y iu
our pani-' I it ati.oi,: tl.e i'ij;i,.ni wbi vme.d
foi iny ti, n l (Mr. r.-rwin) and in .ny of Ihe
Itep'lbliiailS lip-l, till (!;Hr. Look to tho
I'reat Northwest, m. 1 to it- power aa it in now,
and as it -a,! I n, r.m Ins a 1,W: and rivtr
t .linage of f,,.,r (..,., In- t!,u-iiiid tons, and
live Ihou-.iii I ii.il, s , f ,;v,.r a i,,;,. tlHt,
f'l," has -in. I . ,,. t 1. t , t l a ! i-, i
f'- ' s- ' ' II ' .. ;, .t,; .,.
and Ihn Unl -n brai.les. In lH-O'l c will hate
as tna.ii P- prr..,-ntaiit upuii t'l a S..ir aa
the whole .-i irti '. I ll.it hat , mil thr )
tnembeia tu pae lm ii Ne-v rnn'nitid. Van
Will f.tid in her a Ans"tva?;fe i.in.-nt wVnu
ill -ay to Ibr N'-rth r Ii it- f J ti r ni-.!, ui I
tilth Mouth null i rn 1 1 1 1 "in s Is ' 1 1. n ( I
ahalt lin n o, and t.o fi.rthir; hem th .ll tl
w .vi-a of iliauiiion i e r-ta-.td!"' --tl willliid
tu tha Notthm- ( -otisi r -'.. el o ilt.
which if as I n,;, t'uuii.i ..Hi j'..t.. I i
tinalti leil, ViM li-e iij. I,, the - -..it (lite
Diin.i.i it,.- l-any, a. the oiily n.!,- ti(,.-i,o-y
of that rohi'titniiotin! power by whoh tti
UoVei iui.it, t la t i la lanl,) eu.'1
.Mill III l.t t.'-s I. A- .
When I i in i im my i.:lc c' ir
A I I" i tl -.'iinen in the -i. u ,
I'll I-i.i t .reweli to i v i f..:,
i siiool tlieiu as r, y liie,
I I'ythK rep.nl of l!ii .Siiieti.r) it a. X as
j toiler, tbi'ceneiis lo t.o taken tuis tear w:d
be cotnluoled tiinlet tho l.m of IN'dl. Ana;
jpropi iatiou of ono nnlllini of di lints wi iie
: n- ci-.-sary lo . b fray the i xpetises; and iimhr
I the presttit nrrniif emcnls tho nuiribals w ll
enter rigerou -ly upon thu pel fi.rinanee ( f
j lh ir dulita on the lirtt of Juii" next.
I A Swiss pnper Htiyi Hint M..i . oc n r.fo.-.el
j pi-i luisi lon ti) Marshal McMain n to sooi-pl it
aw-rd fi'in the l-oile i-.f In li-.iul. wlu-li vina
about being ci.tliu up for him.
When the S -uthi'i n medical M ,i I.nts ti nt
left tho the Fhilnlo'.ph'i t-oller-es wrroatlL-'
ill pot, nw ailing tin- cars fur llaltimorc, one cf
I hem was sii zed by a creditor, who a-aerlcd
be ahould not lraive until ho srttlol his bill
A lady ali-o ajipj eared in the crowd In grca'.
UiBtrrsa at the departure nf a young Dianwho
had won her heart.
Archbishop Hughes baa accepted lb Invi
tation of tho Senior clai-8 of lh Univetaily
of North Carolina, to deliver tho enm men ce
uieot sermon bi fore thi-tn on the -lib. of J jiio
The rredid. nl's Hoimo, ni N.-w Year's Jay,
wae the bcciio i f iii a pre en hlo excitement.
The Foreign '-.iini-'er", Judges of the Pu
pramo nsrt, anl o!'.l..-eiH of tin) .Amy anl
Navy, first p.iid Ihrir rc-jeciti to tho Pici-d.-nt.
Then the dooia' wire th I own i pen to
Tho Coroner if White County, Id., hasof
fercd a reward of $I0l) Tor tlm arrest of 11. v.
Win. M. Finley, who eai ape I from ihn cui.idy
of an officer while being conveyed In m Out,, -ville,
on the Carmi R id, to (ho White Coun
ty Jail, on thu I'tti itikt. Fmlr) ia accused
of n.urderit'g a man in tne couuly abo-1
V i. learn from the Wctt in ;,!, i t
Michaels. Cerre, Kbeiiff of M Uoma -.,:,
and ono of tho oldest citizens of Id mi y,
died of Pneumonia, on tho 6th In: taut.
The Waukesha (Wis ) hmnrrrt eai't d i'
a man named Ebla, living rtt Tsow:it-i...a
that State, was killed by a n an natt.f I I. v i -,
while both were out hunting. Lewis r,i ; , ':
I'.ble for a deer and thol him,
Tho Legislature f Pennsylvania ti.i t ni
llarrisburg on Monday the 2d Inst. ". i : 1 -1
Lawrence waschosi u S.tuk r, and W iK'.t-.ni
Cardinal Wiseman has arrived at Rime.
He was cordially i revived by tho numbers of
tho members nf the Sacred College, a id hud
an iuterview with ihe pope.
Hon. Samuel Casey, Treasurer of t'i Uni
ted StntoH, died ut Careyville, Kentucky, u
the C-d of December last. He was born Iu
Mercer county in that Statu, in 17H(ti prac
ticed law for several years, and was cH rk of
the Courts of Union county for a long per'.o 1,
and uuiverr-ally enteemed by ull who knew
L. T. Wigfal, j.ist elected IT S Senator from
Texas, is said tile a man of considerable
ability ami a fine, orator. After bis election
be nmdo a very con-ervative speech, lie an
nounced himself opposed to tho re opening of
the slave trade, and against a slave code for
the Territories. Ho wo Id support James
Buchanan's ii li ainistration as long as be
stood upon the li inocratio platform.
The Methu lii t Miriion, at or near VV.-t-port
Mo., was recenily destroyed by fire -All
the out buildings, barns, and a lures por
tion of tho fence weie conmnird. The fire
waa the work of an ii.c.. i..lii.iy, nnd the hold
ings were fired iu four different j. laces at the
Suoif bulling Wad indulged in at Houston,
Texas, on Monday the l!d inst , and s'eighiug
on (ha 3d. Such a fall of snow bad not bicu
seen for twenty years, there, and seven years
allien a purtielrt .il ..-.. flj t-cfoi'r.
The London Times ci. itiponi!ent at O den.
says that the port of Adoo". in the Red Sea,
had been cee led to France, and a French ves-s-1
if war ii ti -uly xi ectel there to take
p 'S -i s .inn.
.i.'r. Ward, our minister to ( hina, says in
i in- of !.s li tters, that the Hn ,.i envoy was
iu Pi km at tl.e time bo . ' j. but so
stint was the aurvnl.aune of th- , i. rM.-.ent
i hut they were not permiltnl -,. - -i, (th-
ir. Tho exchange of atveial ; i t i imt.-.i
Mexican advtees t) the I'J 1. . 'are that :,U
raaioii has prolcr-te I against oor 'li il.t .t,
I.uuo'a treaty. Of ihe C'-'' i.i' ! t ;'k. n t' ;-i
Ihe eoiiducta by Marquet, Ji.U,(im t.a-1 , ,.a
restored an I forwar le-l t i Tip,.-
Tim tii'iiifieid(ll!inois)ciirespor.Ien: .(
tl.e M. Louis Republieau aats:
C'.rti ii etll'iirf hf re, dcliveied at the car,
IiNew Yoik a lew daya nnce, a Mr Hd
waid Hughs brought a Suit for damages, for
the death olhii daughter, can ed by a blast
rn.d by cue Miobtel J, Oret--, in Fifty
third hi reel, a .c r.-k B-v. flre-a is aeon
tractor, and pi. ad ii iu .!-ti!.e th .t his work
rueu observed due ili.!'Een, e in war-ibn a;,s-ers-ty
while 1 lasting. Rot the j-ry thought
othfrwise, und ro uri rd a vkr 'iu fr tho
plait.ti'r of $",0J .
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