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About Dakota City herald. (Dakota City, Neb.) 1857-1860 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 4, 1860)
Salinh (&fa $ era to
I .1 PUBLISHED
ffrs-p Slitravf Kvrir, a iVjoa ("Vy. .V. f.
T E PI M S f 7" aJve; $1 , fcr
tujottt; IOj e-i4e for thm mnitii.
oi j-fTio--i' ';iTt T H atsii IT, rK-a
ATrC? OF ADVERTISINGS
O' .''r ! tel' lies W tt"A ti.-sl iM'Ttiou (2 00
'-.:Ji uV"Vi' I Insertion 50
Oa- ,e m-'oib. A Ot-
in Hir tl r noitb, eXi
Imo eg Hire. hi iiiorvl.s, ("0
ilno m-r.. "' ' r-ar. H (XI
T ' wiuir v. WJ0
4- oo.lvnn. rwi )er, . MOO
1 1', I nilamii. oue veer, ' (ki
d- fvjr'h column, On, lit 0
Se he f n au, six mouths, 44 HI
Jn f.o-lh Oo do HI 00
lu te.f fjiu, ttr raimlha, ) 00
ilij Icnr'.h do do n 0.
fcaelite rv.le, of i Hiim or Ian. one jr, IB 00
t4ii 'n advance iil n required in ejl adverti.
mint, exc-pt where a f 1-.lr.t ountracl bin been nieV.e
in it contrary.
"Mtncaaire Apvaant . Omuunos Qoixreyise
Aas'CT " are tbe Agents t-fthle pepw Id the rtrliw of
Ibtlwt.lpbla, re., Wilmington, DnI , anJ Baltimore
ATToHSkY A COOSKLl.Olt At J-AV
VII tmsitiMi entrusted to bi euro will he
attended U wub promptness an, Jit-patch.
Particular attention will tie pnid to the Collec
tion ofolaiins; and to teal Estate matters.
O. C. TaSADTVT. JOHN CCtlRl I
TfllAOWAY tt CUfXRIER,
Altcmmt at Law,
BIOUX CITT. IOWA
llTi'.l attend to all Ugil boyine? iiiiruatrd
arn Nebraal a.
W-t. 7. '49
MARTIN H. DEVER,
rimberand Gat F.tler.
NO. 1. ST. CHA E1.I8 ETRItT, IT. 10 CIS, S10
"Vlill promptly attend to all btisiaein hie
W line, aud ail work executed with neat
hen Hiui iliitttob. Will gite epeoial attention
to an; work tbat may be entrnrtd to bin care
aad fatiafiujtioa. warranted.
LEAVITT L. BIWEN,
UHii StiiLm IHitriet lUnmy for Nubnu'm
tTTILl. tMl 1 p-O'.aT'tiy tnany hMlaM Intr
Tf UA to hun In tb tburti of tb Terrllorj.
urriC&-tVuevr Ul.ck, omha City. N.T.
jlTTOllSZr CVUXSSUOX AT LAW,
" JWj promptly at!i l all ba tines entrus
' ti J to him. OSce on UrnTi-8 nircet,
cru1 djvrea.:tof lii "Amcricua Ko'Jse:" Oma
Hi, H T.
TUB St A.!. XIIMX
Vu.kerl oii Dttltrt in Satitrn Eichj'tye,
LAND WAHkANTa A REAL K6T A7B,
WOtl I D mj to the vul.Ilc lbt aar tialnMitmtil
to their cam wt.l artt with r-rnipt altmtk.u:
i h m liyltin oat laiiitu tmo lota aa Uiwm or addttluna
tb.-n.toi th l.ufitii, aellluir, rnntlne or laarlnz uf raal
utata. kuuwa or lotm tha buying, aullln or locaUnn of
tmu warraoia. on tinia or rT canh; maKinff rotlactiona,
if to i ft, pmnlnft of rerartlaai tn parf.-elnxM of
t i to In. J or Pakoia ottr atook ; tha obtniniug t.f
H.in frua Uim li.Uota city oaioauy f..r lots drawu on
7'U making out of DeuU, BonJt and rrt-Errp
lion raftii, anl Oil receiving of
Co aMgib't t'"'rri, fur part or Uia land.
ttarlne aiao now on baud a !ro atook of Dry Ooodi
and NoHont, l.umlwr aud Hitng!, they wuuld eall
tittentlon tn thalr nUk.aiid tay to tha public that thay
am preparHt to rw-viva all kinds of dry goodi. Kroowriva,
I r.Miura mtii lumber on eouiiuinaiou, lor prtrala or aua
tlou raU,or t aJcchauK fur uthor property. Chargaa
lo and atrag frra.
MOKBV N D IPO 3 IT,
Uaarantaatnir It tn jl. ld s rx estit uat pt, per an
cum, If lift on uopoait over 60 day.
N. B Paraooa wishing tn Inira.t ph julrt not fall to call
at their rfne, ar th.y br a lare amount ot valuable
r pertv tbr a.lx I. w f r ra-h cr ou lln.o.
lbt btof rvfcxuct gl.n If rniialrnt.
J I) M UROCKSVKLl., ProaUotit.
Ckota city, Aiui 11, 'f Auly.
C. F. ECKHART & CO.,
ARCHITECTS AND BUILDERS,
PAKOTA C.'TT, XI.3RA2KA,
ILf.. prepare plane and eperlttoaltone for private am
puhiio building, and anotract for or uperinln
J'tlng the aiuna. any Information wanted, luijulr
ii. B.U-. agent of Dakut ally ettupauy.
May 6 'ftat)5r
JO.VAS SEEL T,
A TTOESEV and Csansellorat Law, Oaiab
WILLIAM . DYEIH,
D BALER JN RIAL Hr-TATE and Oeaeral Biwiniv
Agent, Conwyaooer aud Notary Pablla; (HUof
xw waatof Uia County Kaouraer'iofnre.oa einb
rat, Osaaha, K T Tint.
T AXD AQlifT, CM AU A,
I luubui atraot.
1 8 DF.RKBY 01VKN, tliat f;.ld fropnaala will ba
J Jeealved at lha oftica of the Cout.ty l l.i k, ,,f l ..km a
.Vuot', at Dakota l.'lty, until t;,e In day of Kel.ru.rr
nut, until 1U o'clock of .ild lor the .rei-il'a of a
- alrlt-k Court Houae for l l l ount) l'tk b Ciy.
:i. The plan and i'.n''iooa tor buJM'.u tan be
j aaen at the otki.e of the County ( lj
; MJJere will ba r'ulrd to utaM I i thalr jr, U
earltant lime at wh.ch th-y will u.n.plHt. r.id
r uimini , mi nmi not w fjfwl li)eer. Irwui tn
aii tat uy or ret.ruary
A. Ii. WJ
Uompenaatloo tut aal.l Work to tt Iu Couutv m l.n,
:ad'0..'1D;jM;;.'d'''1 'u'rr,l"' I
Hid tare will also etaU hiw, and at wh.ttiui.a th y I
dalra nU coinpnalon. I
lha ComuiU,oiier. of ld Coonly Iu aw. Ming a I
oontraci.aa U,i., reeivs tha rlnt of aillilng such e
un .nt r..dlil,ne to tucu o,u :r. aa they may
i"i tl' iiMi!) t, ! core, prompt i.nnuraro'-flh.r.
itOi n jt l,iit,,ii.lMi:t wltli the trnj ol thl. notice.
Tha Mine of Ike auipl,-tlun of ,,ld ooolraot. 0 I the
" ' ' T-"rt' Pn,p,iaJ by LldJa, el,, pa rierd
4 la olHt . contraia.
By vtUt ul the County rvoinla:nnnrf .
jAlihtl w. Mill p.
etala 4 I. a are. 1X.S
r'i ;.n 1 ... . l.
Ol)VEllOI(' NMUliK, Turonu
I1IK HklYBKY TILL.
VUl I'TIVI ClIAMRKR. 1
Oxauk. Jn. .
To (li JTvnoraLU, (It Owaii Srlratkn
1 areUh rtrn to jou ' An Aft to prj
bihi.t -S!nTorr," un:g , J auJ nl;h w-y ejc
Thii AC, mccosa.ily, iDv.,l,e, tie vhol
queslion of pnwiT T juriailictioD ever the
Rutjtot matter. If tlaTary ex'mta hero In
law or ia fact, to prohibit ia to atmlieb it. If
it does cot exiat, whare is tke r.eeJ for legis
lation! But I do not stop lo meanare t he?
reiklife Telne f mere wai.1", wt.ioii any be
ned, iudifTert ntly, aud for the catue olj'Cl.
.This bill, I au p fo, ia intended to iuler
dict tJarnrr, or involuntary tanitu le, wllli
ia the Territory and, 1 aaj po.-e, ia likewise
ifiteaJcd to H.Ue the tjuei-tlou nhtlher the
Territorial Legiulature cuu do it. At ail
Tents it does a.
For the purpose of considering the qucstlnn
eilh eSiftiooine m. I willflrFt eianiiua it, as it
nay or niay not be iffeoted by the treaty with
France. This Territory was part ef Loalei
nns, and all agree tlint when we acq'iiraa
I.uuiaiaoa in 1808, it was flare Territory and
slarca were proporty. The third artiole of
the treaty by which Louiriana bennme acquir
ed to tbe Unitei 8utu, is iuipnrtaut at this
point. It is a part of tht treaty compact
that " the Inhabitants of tbe ceded territory
ball be incorporated iu trie United flutes,
aid aJmiiUa aa coon as ( opMh'e, scornlinir
to the p'oritions of the Federal Co'iatitution,
li the enjny ment of all tbe lights, privileges
an 1 imiuuuities of cittsnns of the United
States; aud in the mean time they eh all bo
protected in the free enjoyment of their lib
erty, property, and the religion wl.iah they
Ai I bare hud occasion to remark in an
other oannmuniontion addressed to yon, Ne
braska, as a part of tho Louisiana purchase,
was acquired to become a Slate, and for no
other purpose. For tbh purpose, and this
alone ia there any power under the Constitu
tion to acquire foreign territory I do not
enlarge upon this, haying already discussed
it at length.
It il a stipulation in tha treaty " tbat the
inhabitants of the ceded territory ahall be In
corporuted in the Union of the United S'ates."
aud it is e?eiy whit as strong a stipulation
that " in the inenn time" they shall be pro
tected in "tht free enjoyment of their lib
any, property and the religion which they
pr.ifes " The faith of the country is pledged
to it, and it is Just as good to the inhabit
ants of Niitratka Tairitory to-day, or any
day, as it was to tbe first Inhabitants in 1608.
Mr. John Quincy Adiuns understood this per
fectly, and disposed of the q-aostion ery brief
ly and eoncluHively, when Arkau.ias was be.
for Congress fur admission, in 1S36. " Ehe
is entitled to admismn as a cUe 8tate, as
Louibitwia and Missouri have been admitu J,"
by virtue of " that artio!o ia ihe trenty for
the purchase of Lnuisi-tun, wh.ch secures to
the people) of the ceded t rrituriej, all the
rights, privileges and immunities of the orig
inal oitiiene of tbe United States, and ttipu
latee for their admission, ooiif.irmah'.o t tbat
principle, iuto tho Union.
Arkansas therefore, comes and hns
a right to come into the Union with her alaves
and her slave laws. Il is written in tba bond,
and however I tuny Inment that it was ever so
written, I fount fiiithfully perform its obliga
tions." N w what wui written in tko bond?
as it i,ol that the people y the cedej -ritorlea
arc to be sccored iu their rights of
property, pornon and religion, ns well as tbat
they ebould e admitted into tha Union, on an
equal footing with tb original States?
Iu tha Died Soott oase Mr. Justice Oitrou j
says, Lou!.. una was a province, when slar-
ery was not only !ro!, but where preperty
in slaves was the mot valuable of all peraonai
property. The Province was ceded us a unit,
with an eiial right pertaining to n!! its in
habitants, in every part thereof, to ewn .lave-,
. To enable the United States to
fu'fil tbe Treaty, additional population was
indispensable aad obviously driired, with anx
iety, en both sides, so that the whole conutry
i'ieuld, as 830U at possible, beenme States of
tke Coion. Anl far thii contemplated future
population, the treaty as eipresaly proviJed
as It did for tbe Inhabitant residing ju the
Provinoe. All thene were to be protected, in
the mean time," that ii to say, at all lime
"butween the date of tbe treuty, and the
time when the portion of the Tetritory where
tbe inhabitants re.-lioj aliaitied into the
Union as a State." " At the dte af the
rety," he further renrki, eaoh iuhabii-
ut bad the right to the free ei jojtunnt of his
property, alike with his liberty and his relig
ion, in any part of Louiaiaua."
To urui(iunt the treaty diS'uuhy, im eon
sidered worth a labored effort by Mr Jut
tie C'artu, in the lired Scott caae. hoe.
ci.pieo f jur f ill pages of his able diseenting
epmiou. II .a effort was to show, that Con
gress might prohibit slavery in the Territory
p.t. o ct. ur.ne.b
' K-oio and Nelliou, 'J Peters 114, and liar
,. t., ,., , ,,
' " L"' ' 1 aUr 6)8 he argues that the
ipulalioa in the treat a l Ira.ara iia.ll t,i tha
' . . J ' "" S1I Iu the
Politioal or Z,egielative power, and Is not a
law for the government ,f lui Court Ilia
enough to siy that the oanaa are ea.ts of
diepnlod bouudariea between nations ; auel of
eouree, fsr the Political 'lepartiueut of tha
(terasasal aa ael far Ike jM'n! Tte
DAKOTA CITY, NEBRASKA, SATUMUY MORNING, YY.W.
J1.cii m, i U)l d nrtiiirnt i f thv Unv-
rainnf to wfcieh tlm xtrtion nf i Intfrig-,
a .'t!t fircij;o powers l ecit.fl.f t " Hut an.
durt'itthiiJ mtioU', lndil,lal riUtn of pur
on, pri'i'vrt;, kill religion r (tuirnn.
te.r, an'l roity nt tie w.rt iwi; by legl,!a-
It la a!sohilJ Uit, "lha nlpulatlon m
Uwporarr, ami f catf l H aiva any afftat
i wh thB thKt, Inhabitant, of lha T.nltory .f
LoiaA, In hoa kb1f thatlpu1t.lioa wm
raadf, a.e inoorporataj iota tba ColoB."
Id other worda. tbat tba 3Ula of Uul.tana,
all K..arant.c4 by tha treaty to tbe ra.t of
the t.rtitory, it.cluiii. of aourse, AraBIaV
MiMourl, Iowa auJ MinaaaoU, hil in
Territorial condition, au.1 K.braka new -
Thie tUrtling d.oWlon tl mdi on ib
atrength of CLief J-.tioe Marnhaira opinlau
o V I'elers to kicb Mr. J untie Curtis
refers a follows "iu the oae of New Orleans
vt De Armas iCal , (9 Peters 223) theqiieatio
was, whether a title to property which existed
at the date of the treaty, continued to be pro
tected by the treaty after the State of Louis
iana was aeVn ltted into the Union. The
third article of the treaty was relied on
Mr Chief Justice ManrUnll said: This artlola
obviously contemplates twe objects. One
that Louisiana' shall be admitted Iuto tha
Union as soon as possible, ou an equal footing
with the other States-; aad the other, tbat
till snob adniisxlon. the inhabitants ef the
ceded Territory, eball be protected la tbe
free enjiyment of their libarty, property, and
religion. Had any one ef these rights been
vi'id white theae ttipulaticns continued in
f roe the individual snppei-ing hlroe!f to be
iujured, niight bare Iroeght hiseaa U.to
thie oonrt, the 25th section of the Judicial act.
f!ut this stipulation ceased to operate when
Lo'JifiBna became a member of the Cuion,
and its inhabitants were "admitted to the
enjoyment of all the rights, advantage
and immunities of the eitiicns of the United
And yet, what docs this opinion amount
to, except, aa so far as the tute cf Louisiana
itself was concerned, tt stipulation ceased to
operate, because the state had pasted beyond
the mean time" mentioned ia tbe third arti
cle of tbs treaty; and its inhabitant were -tuitled
to the "enjoyment of all the rights, ad
vantages and immunities of the cititeii. of tha
Unit ed States." , t
It is then a fair and irreslstable conclusion,
that the third articlo of tbe treaty did it -olodethe
wholo of tho Louielan pnruha
and it iB an undeniable truth, that the citizens
of the several Slates might go into any of
tbe Territories carved out of the acqnlniiirri,
and carry with - tbem their property. "The
whole territory" eaye the Supreme Court of
the United States "was acquired by the gen
oral Government, as the representative e"!
trustee of the people of the Cuit- d State ; end
it must therefore be beld in that chiu-noter,
for their common and eq'ial benelt; for it w
the people of the several States, acting
through thmr ngeut and repraanneiiliva, tha
Federal Government, who, in fact, acquired
the territory in question, and the Government
holds it for their common use, until it shall
be associated with tbe other, Btatei, as
a member of the iioion." And this Is in
perfect harmony with our whole system.
Tho Federal Governnent Is a government
of Stales, and not of individuals or of ma.'ees
People make op tho 8uteeanri States make
the Confederacy. Though thegineral Gov
ernment acts on individuals, within and with
cat the States, it ia only in the exercise of
powers, delegated by theStstes and cotiftied,
in the Constitntion.
In the Brat American Congress of 1771,
ooloules came together, through their repre
sentatives, and by a union of colonies, tbe
wrongs of Kf aseacbastts Bay, were made tke
wrnnge of Pennsylvania and Virginia. The
revolution was not a social revolution it
was politioal. It was a revolutiou ef colouiea
by cams. Tha Ccsgrees cf !7"6 was a Con
gress of ooionics, aud the Declaration wan
alive with '.ha one great truth, "that these
United Colonies art, and of right ought to
be, free and Independent States." Tbey maJe
good their Declaration, said became not eu'.y
free, bat sovereign each onetuvcieiga and
ii. dependent within itself. Tbe articles of
confederation were entered into by Stales !
the Constitution wna formed by a convention
of Sulci, each State adopting the Constitution
lor itself, thus making it, as far as applicable
'a law Unto itself." i'
All territory is acquired to become a
State; but it is likewir.e acquired for the
ommon benetlt of the existing Stated it is
theirs, and the Federal Uuvrroaient boMa II
as their trnitee. Consequently, tveiy cil im
of every Stale has a there In it. It is hij iu
tbs Bret instance, U-caure heist ct'.ziui.'
some one of th" I'ni'ed f'ates. an I be Las a
right to enter into li e Inritoiy, clothed with
bis rights aa a ciiin n r f the Slate, lie takes
his properly with. Liu, froia his owu (itatot
an 1 if be rusy hot ,.o an ihu ihe lerriioiy i
not aeqaired for tbe oouicca and equul bene
fit of tbe sevrral rute. Dora the Coiiitita
lion of the United rttatrsthen earry slaver
into the Ttriitorios? Nu; but on J or llir
Cob tiiutiou, and by villus of it, the rVier 1
tiovtriiiuenl acquire territory, for the eesi.
won and equal teueflt of everal Slates
slave-holding aad nun slave holding alike.
f eiug aoqnired, all may go into it, with their
property, of whateter kind, aud if they may
sot, tlsre 'i at terns'!". TV.' iV t ''teif u
MRvirnr? ami mr.-'
t "il l iliiu' t. An I thoi(th It rrinl lf
try t,,mcri, It ninntiniM f ilttiwi it.A
held by Ihn laws nf KontiK'Vr, e-onpes Into
Ohio; nnder the Connltntloo, re i Hill as
much property an h watl tfort. Tht U of
Rrrlnrky (!.' not rl!ow bint, nor tB It
hoM bitn witbln lbo.tt wbere alaTer ia
nrohibilrd : but tba nonntltatlnn fan. acJ
doM, Sa ,hfr, nn c.r, frc ,ha f.er
tbat oatt of Stata limit, tbe Conatltotlon
d aanert tbe Tgbt ef tbe mauh r t bU Ut
proD,rty, anJ It raaopniiea tbs relation
,ript,,"g twn tbn at lawful. It l
,pfoui proton. 1 .lmm but it mnut ba
korna U mind tbat It la not tbs -prolal pro-
wUol. mkas blm property. Ilreoog-
,,,,, ,h, rl(,hl 0f properly a already
)g wb.n thla Territory aa nrM org.DliifJ
Ull ,h, chIleoa 0f n tbaRlattb rlRtit fo
oomt Into it with their families and their
flocks? Uad the rititena of m!iirl tht
same right to enter into the enjoyment of
their csnimon estate, as the ottlunt of Iowa
and had both the right to bring wl'h them
any properly which they taw St? If tbey
might not, by what taw wera they restrained
or forbidden? Surely not by tht treaty, for
it it tealad to tho protection tf property, per
sons and rellgien altke. With It these three
are equally sacred. Not by tbe prohibition
of 1820, called In awful moae,ry the Missouri
compromise, for that was repealed, and Is
now pronounced unconstitutional m d void-
I esinme then that the oitUent of the frtste.s
owning tlavet bad tbe right te come here with
their property when the territorial Govern
ment wts ergautted. Soma few persons did
oomt with their slaves, and still fewer re
mained; fur the overruleiug reason that
Nebraska is no place for tlavo labor. Wore
the slaves of those few set free, by tht faol
of their having been brought into (his Terrl
tory ; Sorat wtre tnticed or stolen away hut
noprooeps ef law was ever invoked, or could
have been invoked, lo have them propanneed
This brings os to the question of power in
the Territorial Legislature. Uavt wa tha
power to manage our demutio affairs In our
own way, ar.d exercise the rights of legislation
as a free people) I answer we bava, beyond
pr)letitiire or doubt Dut communities,
like individual!, have relative duties, aa well
a absolute asid relative rights; we must use
onrewu rights, so that we do not injure or
tska awny the rights of othere. This is good
morals aivi ffoeJ law. The doctrino of tha
right cf thsS:a:t, litis at the very feuodation
nf ourpolitio.il fabric. To legislate against
the r'ghts cf airy one 5late, is to ttrik a mot
tsj blow at the t'glils of all.
' la this atiempttu prohibit slavery by an act
eftlie Territorial Assembly, I am constrained
to my you have overlooked tha tiueiuloni
tad inclining of tht orgauic law.
It should be remembered tbat tha restrict
ive line agaiust slavery, know at 80 80",
was designed, not only to control the Terri
tories north of that line but te exoluda slavery
f'.verer frca all Stit.s to be formed between
that lire and the tdhdegtce; thus making
the net ef Cengreet to operate on Suttee te
well as Territories. I say tbit was the dtslgn
n the act ut 1820, and Mr, Clayton proved it
in the Senate. Indeed tha great oMset
was, "to have no mora tlavt 8ta!a."
At the orgauitation of Ksnras and Kobrst
ka, the Miesoarl retiicltn was blotted out
and declared inoperative and void : -'it being
tbs tas Intent and meaning of this tot not te
legitlate Slavery into any Territory; or St&te,
nor to exclude it therefrom ; but to leave
the people thereof perfeotly free to form and
regulate their domestic institutions In their
own way, f a' ject only lo tbe Constite'iun cf
the Uuited Slates." This was triumph of
Pcputsr Sovereignty i;t"? Congressional
emutic-n : The right of tbe people to form aa 1
regulate their domestic inalitotioai in their
on way, ul.jenl only to tht Constitution of
the Uuited Stales. Surely you eea.net think
that this meant tht Trrrit.-.r;.l Legirielure
created is tht same lav aud by tha same
Cougress. Is that Popular Sovereignty?
Let us look. "And fes it further anaeted
that the Legislative fewer aud authority of
of id Territory shall be vested iu the Gov- i
eroor aud Lgiels'ia Assembly." Aod Ihe (
Governor, er Executive has a vuiue equal to '
more than a mnjoiiiy ef each Houre. I need
hardly my he is ejpi inud by the Preei. !
dvnt, and may .vrr be aeu of "the T pie'' '
before his appointment llowevrT agreeable j
it might be hi yon and to me to suppoit lost
at are "the Ptnjf.!' in the Sonne uf thl organic '
act, I fear Ibal we n.ut surrender tie soft
delusion. It ia true y,,u ate !ted l,y the
pei, pie, but they did not form tbs njt-t:n
uuJer nliich you are elected. Cni?rin nu I
the 1'ierdiiit dl 1 all that, nay n ore, t ie '
ii ped tbss system in all its details, even la
the number of rai I, Hnu, an l tho very ilayl
that the Lvgiaiature msy co-wuth in eaoh
I liitih1 Ihe uten o.-t lei-ocl, bat I uiusl say
"tht people" iiieotsoued it the llib seclii.u
tf the orguic act, never did mean and never
was int, u JeJ lo uieaa ' the ftrritorinl .laiiin.
It was te people of the Terntory, in
their ordinal aud ervei'gu capacity and they
rn'y which onud hare hern intended. The
sovereignty of a rtlnle" (-ays Judge MeLean.)
"doea notr'tilu in the pereom who fill tht
d ffeieot Leparttnenhi e f its Hovornment; bit
iu tbe peiple frooi Lotu the Government
tuns -t-f, ec-f vhv tiis-'hian tf their d.'t-
EE A L D .
cretion." Tl.ia is lu. When the pmpU a
thie Territory meet in 0wntl"n tofia'i e
a ConMtttition far a 8ta(e. the will then.
; for Ihe ftrt time, form their doiaeelie Inmli
' lions. Tbi l.a crentiTfl r'. nd tnirl e
permnnency. Thev will )ikwl-e form en I
regulate Ihe'r ilomeMio ineiis-e. Sathnr
own way, sat jct rn'y to the Oifr.ttitution ef
the Unlt 'd 8t.ta. Speaking of your pew rs
which are temporary, becaus the TMrritniinl
Government itself Is but tempiarary, (Leer
gau'.e set says, they "shall attend to all
rightful subjects of legislation eoDnl.t'nt with
the Constitution of tha United States, and
Ihe provisions efthls art."
Cut hot so when "fAs Tenyt's" are referrd
to. They are euljrc! only to tke Constitution
cf tbe United States " In creating their own
Constituted, anJ thus preparing to form and
regnlste their domestic inetlloalone. In their
own way, (not the way prescribed by Copgieas
for the mere Territorial Government,) tbey
ate not subject to tbe "prevlalvma of this a t,"
but enly to the Constitution of the UMiteJ
n l ia thus forming their own iuxtltuticos,
iu their awn way, and entetlng the Union,
with or without slavery, as they thrmtelvoa
may determine, fAs 7 ' ' vlndluate the grtal
doctrines ofState Sevsreignty and li pular
Sovereignty together, and illustrate the har
monious workings of a perfect and complete
SAMUEL W. BLACK,
r.xitvma CiAMitn, Jen y 0, 1800.
A BILL FOR AN ACT.
TO NUMB A
Constitntion ana Mate Ooverev
mini I, OUT UK tTATICUr KkUUllU A.
Hn'Tioa 1, I't it enai trd Ay tSt Council and
llwtt of RrprnntoUrtt tif (As Territory ef Xt
Ir.uhi, That an election shall be beld on the
first Monday in Maroh, A. D. 18G0, in the
Territory of Nebraska, for ielegates to a con
veation to frjme a Constitution and Itats
Government for the Slate of Nebraska,
fro. 2, At such election ewery elector ,uall
Bed aa defined by this Aot, nref vtte by ballot
"For State Goveraiuenf," or "Againet Slake
Oiiwruaien ;" and may also vote by ballot fur
such number of persons, te be delegates lo a
oonstltntlotial convention, at the county or
delegate district in which he votes msy be en
Sxo. 8, Separata ballot boice or apartments
of ballot-box shall be provided, in onaof whlob
thallbt deposited ihe ballots "For" or'Mgalnai ,
State Government, aid in tbe other the bet
lots for delegates to tht institutional conven
tion. Sio. 4, Tht Skid convention shall bt oom-
posoJ of fifty two members, te ba appartlontl
amvng tht several districts of the Territory at
Thecoautyof Richardson shall constitute
the Bitt district, aud shall elect t four delt
gates. The county cf Nomaha shall eoaiUtnte
tht second district, aoa shall elect fits deli
Tht county of Otoe shall ooaatltntt tha third
district, and shall elect eight delegates.
The ennn'y of Csesshall constitute tht tilth
d .trict, ai.d sV 1 a e l t'x delegate".
Thtcounty of Sarpy ahall coostltulsths fifth
dielrict mid shall elect four dultgattt.
Tht oounty ef Douglat shall constitute tht
riitb district aud shall elect eight djlegtles.
The county of Washington shall oosslitute
tha levrnth district and Wtll rleel three dele-
The counties ef Hurt, Coining and Iitrd
shall constitute the oight die'rict, aad shall
eleot twe delegates.
The oounty ef Dakota shall constitute tht
ninth dittriot, and shall elect three delegates.
The cnumis of Dixon, Cedar aad L tin quj
court shall ermatityita tht teeth district aa4
shall eleot two delegates.
Tht oounty of Dodge shall constitute the
eleventh distriet, and tbtll tleat one able
gate. The counilee ofl'latte, Monroe, rloffaloatd
Ual! shall con.tllule tho twelfth district, shall ,
elect two delegates.
The county nf Bi-arney aud tbs cnonliss
west eball constitute the thirtuenlh district,
aud shall el.-ct on delegste.
The comity of ('awnrerfcall er.ns'l'utt the
foorterutb district anJ shall elect one d!e
Tbe rous.tiee of John-ou, 0 ige on I Jties
shall const tot the fifteen, th district, aud shall
1, ot one di legale
Tke enu.-iitt-a of Clay, Valine, I.at.citltr
Green. Cilhoun ai:J Motler thai! roii,i,iuir
the fcix'eeotb rlietrlot, ondshall eleol out Ju
gate. ,Sc 5 If it shall appear a;ioo tha ci.ri.i
b- reinafter provided for that a tin inly -j ail
the voles on tho question of Slate Goverernui.t
hive l,e-u given "For Statu 0 iverutrent,"
the J, '., 'gates eleoted ebiill urel at the capital
t-f tha Tarrif ry. on tl.e seror, 1 Mnndiy in
A r. I A. L. UdO an I thereupon ahali have
poaea- anl nnihor.ty, and proceed to prepare
and frame u Ci.ti! jlioii for the Ihe Slate of
hi-brevka te be euhwilttd to tke electors of
thie Terriiory, for a lopiinn aad approval by
tbaia. And unlets ii shall be so submitted,
adopted an I npj rove I, at aa tlsotwui tu be ap-
pointed by Ibu Cotktitutional Ionian tlou, it
shall not for any urpoe a haaevor, tstaeemei
or beld t- be fke act of lha paopla ef Kebra-
Vt" J rf ! tba l n-.t aptwur, unoa rack
oaov, that a m.J irity of alt tba Ue pu
tho q'itetlon of State Covernnieal have ltu
gl von iu favor tt s. so'. It si ail be 4 enil and
'in-l lered that As people of ibis territory
4 ' lint d' aire lb a In lurrt af tebtaaka aa a
VUi at thi li.a and tio furl iar pi ... ,
urvjrr ai j siiljo f . : ' .
bao 7 The eiiui of th' e thoi r
huehy ajfrop Utid (t t'..v
Treasury to pay the memberr ,i
tutioHal coin, in, on, and Hie I- -pens
f eaut iwdy whicb- . ei'l
uder of tbe aenventien
MkO 8 Rvery whita trial., ; or- m ..:
S(ie of twi titv -one yearn w i -h'.!! 1 '' ,' ';
qualiueiitiiins of vn a twgnr
i i ii :. .
4 -.'.1. ; .
ihe eUil i. :,',. ...,,ui I,,. . ; . v., ,
aurh persi'it wim -i nil h i v i vi 1 . s ,,,...
Iu this Ti I i'i., i r. . ' , ,. ,
Cuu-tiy or i2lyi ' '.t . , l, : !, msy
he tu"eaj for, stall t e ai eit ie es aJaignia
from such county er ili-trict prsvltsl iu
no erson who la by say statuU of thlt ?rrl
tory rliaqualifiad to vote or hold tfQ ie thsreia
In eaasrquenee tf having been eoevlolet cf
eilme, or having violated auy law of tle Ter
ritory, shall be entitled to vote or be fligikle
aa a deVgata ao ier r kit) act
Sxc. 0 Tht returns of eaoh prestcral or flee -lldt
ttlstrint shall be made to the Clerk of tha
County In which It It situated, if there be
each a Clerk or if not, then to the Cletk of
the ooanty fret named ia the clause of this
not rntklng tuoh urgah'usd coanty a dslegate
dletrist or a pari theriof.
Sid. 10 Tha Coenty olerk to wboa such
rsturns shall be mvte, ahall forthwith land by
mail tbe attract of tht total "for" or
' against" State Government directed to tha
Secretary of the Territory olNbrai ka and l-i
any such clerk shall fail to tranmult such ab
slrajt by the earliest mull between tha county
aeatcf such county aud Omsha, Lathall to
Jeoinod gnilty of tnisdvmtan.nr, and shall, on
couvlotlon thereof, be punished by a fine not
eicesdiug five bundreddol'ars, orhy Ijiprlsnn
uieut Iu ffie county Jail not exceeding six:
months, or by btth tanb fine aad irrrj rinonment
at tht discretiou of tbt Court.
Sic. 11 The vote of which abstntet shall
be received by the Secretary, shall be imme
diately canvassed by the Governor, Cheif
Justice and Secretary, and if it shall ba found
tbat a majority at all tbt votes cant shall bt In
fnvur of a State 0 ,vernment, the Governor
shall forthwith mako known by prsclamstinn
in at least two newspapers la the Territory,
one whlob shall be published ia Omaha, tha
renu.lt of the vtte on the qaestloo of State
Government, and ai soon at tht proclamation
shall bcooma known te tbe vsriooa oounty
clerks, they shall proceed toeanvaat tha vote
for members of said oonvtntiun, at d shall is
sue certificates ofelcotton to tbt pertont hav
iog rerpeoltvely tht hightet a jmber of votes
fur delegates from (he several district", and
lucasa of a lie between two persons who have
a tulSoltat number of votes to make it neceae
ary lha oontestau's shall in tha preaanct o
tht cauva-tere, determine by lot whlob o
them thall ba Mia delegate, aud tha eouot)
clirk shall Issue aocrt ulorte of eleoiion ao
oordlngly. - y
Bi. 13 All tht pro vWloel of tht Act, ooo
aernlng elaotiona, approved Janaary 28,. A I'
18d, and of the act tniitltd an act W tmtn
ao act la relation to election! approved Jar:
28th, 1814 whicth are not lnconnUtt t wii
tbit act rball apply to the hoi hug of ti,e le
tion, making returns aud pro. dying r uur
when they shall not bt duly reoeived uoj
the provisions of thii act, and tht Jadget ao
Clorks of tha laat geoeral election, thall co
dual the tlectloa herein provide for, prcvid
that thtcounty clerk la each of tht oocnt
of tha Territory, thall bavt powtr, In tha as
vaeauolee to appoint one or mora tlsoton
act at Judges cf tht election, at providt l
in (hit act whs, whsoso appoiated, thall a
power to appoint lo east ef vacancy, Clt
of tuth elecUctii
Sxo. 1 Th t act ahull takotfTeol and h
forc from and aftor iu paisago.
Approve J Jai.'y 11 JF-fiO.
UOt. ROUE la I) T.UMY'
The Wasblngtun crrp'iadeut uf
Phlladslphia Qnttilt, referlng to tht re
iiiaeat of.Jutige I -a jr sayi: ''At hlr
traaced age every eash a t ak ia att B led
trr oai apprsheotioua, thoegh ht was hith
revival wkto hop w -t almoat abandons
For many yeara pat h's bavltb ku fct
firm and aometliaet critical. Tet ha has
formed great labor, and hat bean a re
atten Jaui uf ihe terms of tba Huprtaaa C
Hit powert of enlnranse and reeopti
have excited lurprlin with oaaoal obaer
who have only notieti his fstblt and
fiarue, ibdicaling anything bat tha rtfit
to disea't wbich ha his exhibited."
Do t' riire i.fCook ft Sargent, at 1
port, lnwa, tome six bundreJ labortr
The l'iititjrgh yw Prut, wat ao
I v tl.o Sher, If uf thalCwuaty uoleitTu
Li, "t CI. May, nnial fr hit bra'
il-e Mriiuan War, AUi in Waihirg'oo, ,
Col Johnton't Utah toam.olis to bt ,
e-1 to Arixonla in tha apriag.
To judge of tho tpetchet in Congres
Which teem every day to grow vinbl
If Inngor the choice of tbe Hoast ita
TaUlbe harder to fiud, tbsn eleot,
fytik'T. .V. Y. L
A mart n tiling of (ht Sont of Mai
1-e tieid in V'jffalo, lo retpuud to that ,
of the I'resrteai t'a Ueaaage reoorameno
aaquiaitiun of the l.laud uf Cuba.
There are in tbe Uuited States for
Catholio Arcbpi-hepa aud Ulshops, tan ,
Abbuts, and tao hundred and twent;
eavcular and religious priests.
What! bust this glorious country i
Accursed be iby tuaguel
Her sure aud siripee shall float t'
Loog after you art b jag '.'
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