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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 20, 1868)
nnowxviT-i.r, 7nunDAY. ivji. ro. isr s.
Rcr'uI)Iicari Slate Covcntion.
A Ft,; ft Convrntion will be V.eH ot Nebraska
City on Vdreday, April IJtH.lSCB.at 12 o'clck
M., to t-Jwt I'i-lpres to repre-oct the Iieptllican
party of NeV rs-ka at the National Convention, to
be bel i at CLki, May 20th, next. Also, a can
didate for Mcrber c.f ('"nrrci-. (yore rr.or. So.cre-
try of Stat, Ah I 'tor. Tr"6rjrer, 3 Presidential
tlcrt'.rs, RiiJ the delrgaira pro? opt frrm i-ach juii
c'.al disLnet wi.l nominate a jui'ablp person for
LMstrict Alttrnry, fcr their rcpoctire districts.
The Ccxventrcm will buorpaniicd as fallows:
TO CcrrCiipOnO'E:.:.?. good causa cf their master, and the corn.
On our return from the west we fcund munity does well which so liberally sup
uroa cur table feveral communications, port3 then. Ths receipts cf the evening
intended fcr publication. Many cf them must have aciounted to over S1C0; for
all cf .which tLo Rev. Mr. C-rrirton
delivered a touchirj and truly eloquent
address of thaj::ivirj ta GcJ and his
pccple, which wru responded to by J. II.
Presson on behalf of the brethren, in a
Nenvira county 5
mi J h"on I
Pawnee, Gge. JrCTcr
irn. Saline and Lan
Gape and Jefferson 5
Lnnens cr I
Cas, Sarpy. Saunders
Bettor and Seward- I
Sann lers.Sewnrl and
Piatte, Merrick, nail,
lu3ilo, Kearney and
SMiri", Li nev.!a and
Wa-sbinrfon, and Purt -
ITall.Iiu7.iloi Merrick 1
Pnrt nnd Cuming
Pixn, Cedar and L
Pu qii court
P.v'ge. Cuming. Stan
ton PnV-fita, Dixon,
Tat j- !,1
A Sta'e Central Committee is to be electrd fcr
the coming campjujrn, tho vo of holding the
niXt state Contention desigcatM, the basis of ro
prefectation for succeeding State Conventions
agreed open, and other important busmefswil be
tronght before (he Convention.
Republeans, send delegates, and let no on e coun
ty be unrepresented.
Sr. A.P.BlLCOHEE, Chairman.
Omaha, Jan. 20th-, 1SCS.
This county adjoins Neraahion the
west". It is etehtsen by twelve miles
f;uare. Rnd its present population cum
bers about two.thousand. The first set
dements therein- wcre'mnde about ten
years ago. but rery few cf the present
population hare resided there more than
five years, end a lar9 majority col lon
ger than two years.
The settlers fcare appropriated the
choice locations ae homestead?, undor the
Act cf Congress, and as we are informed
but one has proved up and obtained his
patent. It generally speaking, a well
watered prairie county, with more or less
timber alon? the banks of its numerous
streams. The land is rich, and prcdces
good crops cf corn and other grains.
The south fork cf the Little Nemaha
River and its tributaries waters the
north part of the county. The north
fork cf the Great Nemaha River, runs
diagonally through the county from the
south east to the north west, sending ctie
cf its branches from the centre of the
county up to the south west corner.
Turkey creek enter? the county on the
eouih line, and winds around in s wes
terly direction, and Lone branch reaches
the cennty on the east. These, with u
rnerous other srxiall streams, afford abun-
dance of water fox stock, water power,
and the wants cf a large population.
There is one grist and saw mil! on the
Big Nemaha, ncrth branch, at Tecum
f eh one on the same river six miles below,
aud one ten miles above, and one on the j
branch cf same river running towards the
south west corner of the county, nine
miles west of Tecumseh. Good 6tone for
building purposes can ba had for S2,o0
per cord. Brick for S12.00 per thou
sand, hardwoctS lumber for $3.50 per
hundred, and cottonwood lumber for $2.50
and good shingles from $3,50 to $5 per
Good school houses ; are located in
every settlement, and schools are cpen to
all children free, from six to ten months
in the year. The Christian,Eaptist and
Methodist societies have church organi
zations in tha various settlements, and
stated preaching. The principle pro
ductions are corn, wheat, oata and pota
toes, and one will see in passing through
the county ccrrells of fine horses, cattle
The capacity of the inhabitants to pur
chase and pay for goods, is variously es
timated at from $100,000 to $150,000.
The first sum was given by her best bu
siness men as all they ought to buy, and
the last as all they could pay for.
Comparatively there is but a small
portion cf the resource? cf the county yet
improved. Very near or quite all the
lands have been taken. There remains
but few undesirable locations still in the
hands cf the "General Government.-
There are many good improved quarter
sections which can be had by actual set
In traveling through the county we
noticed lime Lilns at various points, one
brick kiln, and several coal beds, where
a good quality of stone coal was offered
fcr sale at 30 cents per pushel,
The people cf the, county are looking
forward to the day when the Broirnville,
Ft. Kearney and Pacific Rail Read, and
a rail road from Rub up the valley cf
the Nemaha, will le completed, running
through their ccunty. These roads will
erentually be built, and will materially
enhance the value cf all real estate in
the county. We shall "be surprised if
Johnson cuunty does not become cne cf
cur best farming counties in Nebraska,
net having responsible s',;::iturEJ thereto,
were thrown into the waste basket.
Others were purely cf a personal nature.
ar.d of no 'interest to cur readers. Ve
solicit for publication all facts cf which
the public are not generally conversant; manner calculated to encourage their
news cf a general cr locaL importance, aElor 13 Pres3 onward and upward in
and matters which experience has christian life with his flock, to that
proven to be valuable to th3 farmer, r(?t awaiting tne good of all age3.
mechanic or tradesman. We iho solicit mfl gooa people cl iecumsea sub
fcr publication arguments upon disputed scribed liberally for the Advertiser, and
- 1 1C. .1 ll.-.l... I
Questions, based unon facts and fi-uree, w3 le" inere Believing mat it was a gooa
believing that iustice and rixrlit never Pace 13 li;'e in.
o 4 f w
or t .
suners in maniy encounter put wnen a We are informed by the pnM of lbe
disputant, fcr want of good: ground: to is-h, that there is a "bitterness on the
stand on, resects to abuse, W3 decline n-,rl rf fW .m;- ,nw!,rJ
me use oi our columns rcr suca exuicw Quite mistaken: Mr. Press. We think
lion cf bad passion, believing that their you a good paper acd sound oa lhe polit
puwicatica wouhj aaa nommg to me , issues f lb da and wish vou all
good morals, ref.neraeat and education of ths prosperity your enterprise deserves.
our readers, li is as important mat a : -
newspaper establish a reputation for'ver- " Hompoldt, Neb., Feb. 14th.
acity, correctnessand public confidence. Jlr' c-wr: i senaycu ror publica
as that an individual should, and for this lioD lhe followiug iiera:
reason we at least must know the name Mr- Jacob Weber, a neighboring far
of the person who writes us for pub- raer' whiIe ridin3: his horss ca Vg
licaticn. The writer's name need not be ground yesteraay, attempting to inve
ruUishpd nntPM thp'v dPfirn k: some cattle off. of the same, his horse
siipnea down ana tnrew ma ou.. ssit.
TCCarHSCll. Weber's father saw the affair at a dis
This town 13 situated on t9-norlh lance, and immediately went to the as
branch cf the Big Nemaha river, near sistance of his son, and found him sense
the centre of Johnson county, cn a line less, bleeding from the ear, head and
thirty miles directly west of Brownville. nostrils, and with the assistance of others
The river running to the west and north brought him lo the house. He is still
west, and a branch cf. the same circling senseless, and has not swallowed, any
around the town plat to the . east and thing fcr two days. The doctor says he
ncrth east, encloses the town within must die. He has a. wife and four chil
three fourths of a circle. At I'hs highest dren, and has lived here. four years. U
point cf the enclosure is the court'house he dies the community will mis him.'
rnuare. From this point the land de J He is the Tost Master at Humboldt, and
scend3 very gradually in every direction
to the river cr the branch cn the east and
north east leaving the plat of the town in
an oval shape, just sufficient for drain-
ane. The land beyond the river and
a:very responsible and useful citizen.
A. J. TINKER.
Table Rock, Neb., Feb. 14th.
Mr. Editor : The people ' of Table
Rock and those for miles to the ncrth
ranch rises gradually much higher than aD(1 south, up and down the river, col-
the pi at-of lhe town, which gives it the lected together in our quiet little town on
uppearance cf being located wide last evening, and gave a donation party
valley. Good and well improved farms to our worthy minister of the Methodist
may be observed in any direction, and denomination, the Rev. 7AI. Pritchsrd, at
timber oa lhe river for all practical pur- the school house. Everything passed off
' . ... 1 ' . I I Jl.Lt T" L I '
poses. ine town lias a tresa ana Iile- pieas&nuy nnu prouiauiy. iub pruceeus
ke appearance, which betokens vigor ot the collection and donation amounted
and enterprise, and the business men to SoO.OO.
wear thai air and restivenass which says . :The minister and. people all felt bet-
there is money ahead, 'and give to the ter after this social interview and inter-
beholder the assurance that investments change of sentiment.
here "wi!l pan out big.'
Messrs. Cady. Ward Si Co., Rhodes &
Tingle, and L. H. Woodruff, are dealers
in dry goods,. etc. Geo. W. Ramsey in
lard ware. Capt. Presson, J. H. Pres
son, H. E. Taylor, Mr. Roger, the Sher-
riff, and Messrs. Perkins and Gallespie,
attorneys at law, are the principle busi
ness men. ,
EEFOKTED EIFEES3LT FOR TXTE ADVERTISER.
Mr. J. II. Drain, of Nemaha City, is
quite indignant at the use made cf his
name in cur last weeks issue.
The London manuscript of convention
proceedings came to us whh Mr. Lar
kin's name scratched cut, and "J. H.
Drain'' written immediately over it. As
re were at the meeting we knew this lo
be wrcr.g. Mr. IIigg:n?,cf Glen Rock,
requested cs to correct it. As we were
absent frcrrt heme the entire week,
(MenJsy excepted) the foreman failed
to usJsrs'.sr.d cur instructions to him.
So the errcr appeared.
. Steacuse, N. Y, Feb. 19
The municipal election yesterday re
suited m a Republican victory by in
creased majorities over last year.
Louisville, Kt.. Feb. 19ih. The
Perhaps Peter Robertson, a Scotch Kentucky Legislature elected Thomas C
coal miner, is deservin? of as much rraise MrUreery Waited Mate3 becator in
" i i : i it i
. t , piace w uuume, resigneu. lie nas
1P ia vi.euea a Lua! iuiub va iub souiu as one of lQe firsl men ol lhe State jn.
edge of the town site, where he i3 busy tellectaally. He has never held any
m mmmg out ccaL We went, into the omce. '
tunnel for some distance and from him Mowtoomert, Ala., Feb. 19. From
I .V - I .1 . . I .,
t 3 m : . . . a - we partial returns me total vote cr tne
down from tne top, was soil and gravel ; vote is less than 3.C00. Half of the reg
next ten teet soap stone,, men came six- istration !3 eighty four thousand.
teen inches of lime stone, then thirteen Chicaccs Feb. 19. The Republican's
inches of coal, then cne foot of clay, then pTe,c.ial :lhe be& committee on
, , i i Blilitary affairs voted to return Sher-
three feet of shale rock cr slate stone. mana B tQ lh President( whh a
lhe coal crops out ot tne side of the hill, resolution declaring it inadvisable to
and Mr. Robertson follows it in from confer the rank of Brevet on two of the
this point, and says that by means of a highest grades of officers. It is stated
uaua iai nuiou ua has lie uciircis uu i ol i j . e i i
- 11.11 uerman s conuuet m rerusing mis ranK,
iou oan iwemj-uv uusueu ct coat a and has threatened to order him to the
day. I command of the department of the Pai
Wp find in thi viUarre thfi evid?nr.Ps f fi,;. bring HalFeck to Washington.
.... special says Sherman has written Grant,
nave a gooa scnooiaou.se anu a goou asking to be relieved frrm lhe command
school, a Methodist parsonage, Baptsits, of lhe new military division created by
Methodist and Christian church orrrani. me xtesident.
A bill reducing the army passed the
Senate yesterday. Senator Wilson says
if it becomes a law, it will save two mil
Lexington, Mo., Feb. 19. Rirer
zatiens, and preaching every Sunday
There was a donation for the Methodist
Pastor, the Rev. L. F. Brett, a hort
time since, which was sooken of as a
time cf much interest; and cn the even- cpened here and at Camden to-day.
me iuc ciuuuiuuuw m iue General Shermia doclinea to be breveted Oen-
villajre was filled tooverflowing vvith the erai.
citizens of the town and surrounding
country, Jo give a donation to the Rev. J.
Carrinston, of the Baptist church. The
Editor of the Advertiser being at the
Sherman House cn that evening, a com
mittee-wa3 appointed to wait upon him
. The Supreme Court declines to dismiss the He
' A bill has been introdaced into Congress to ad
mit Colorado Into the Union on the came terms as
Nebraska. Also one to deo' we that A Jabarna has
complied with the Reconstruction Laws of Coagress
and is therefore entitled to representation
The State of Gergia, 0r citizens thereof filed a
and invite hini to lhe school house, where bill setting forth that Georgia was a State in the
hp teas introduced and ccrdiallv rscpivpd Unioa nd kirS that th Military commanders
. . .. -1 I be restrained from erereisin'r theirdutieo.au per
L .1.. .nnmllrr ST. f TT I " ' V"
vy iuo cuiuo bcuCiauy. ... j net of Congress, was dismissed for want of juris.
Presson wes the manager of tne evening, diction, by the Supreme Court.
The exercis ?'? were onened bv a choir cf
, ,. , , , ,. , I . Alexander llajors speaks in the interest cf the
ldU1" uuu uivu.bcu A.& Xeb, City R.K., at JTcbraska City, neit Sat;
most excellent music, iiexi was on aa- orday.
. . I vt.r.a.j u. iC4 una BiCCUkCl OJ IBS Oiler Ui 01
iletncaiSl cnurca. XUU Ct gooa leeung Dougtaaa County last! Friday in Omaha
and fellowthin. v.ith man7 a harrv allu
, .1.. .ora ""ticon dispatches intimat9 that the Prcsi-
' 0 J I dfnt nm it r f Artr-1 n n1 f nmn nil. f3n IfOl -
e i -f 1 1 t,:? I
asiuuu . vi jtriuvv ic-cu uiuem cic lo the portion of Secretary of 7ar, instead of
the Methodist The Rev. E. D. FLillips Minister to Engtand, as reported a few days ago.
followed in a few well timed remarks, -. From our files 6 the Congressional Globe we see
after which supper Was announced, when that Mr. Tipton has presented the following Memor
ials from the State of Xeb.. .
January f th. For the relief of John S. Lemon.
January 8th. For a mail rout betweon.West
Point and D.ikota City.
January th. Fcr a icail route ba tween Niohrara
and Dakota City,
January 6th- For legislation protecting against
the bestiie Indians.
January 8th. For a Lard CUke at Lose Tree,
Nebraska. , -
January 16th. -Petition fcr a nail route la
tw en Lincoln City and Douglass Creek.
January 21st. ilemorial lor a Land OGce at
y'est Point Neb.
Januaay 27th. Memorial for a 02co at
Dea trice, Nebraska .
iunuary 3 Hi. A Bill for a R.- R.' grant cf Land
frona Brownville to Ft. Kearney with branches
from Nebraska City andltulo.
Ftluary itb. Another Petition for a mail rcutf
from Line cla City to Douglass Creek.
over three hundred people partock of
cne cf the best and richest prepared sup
pers cf th'3 west. All being satisfied,
cake after cake was sold by Mr. Cook,
cf Helena, at auction, at prices variously
ranging from one to three dcllars each.
The balance cf lhe evening was sper.t in
singing soul inspiring hymns, end in
social intercourse. The ministers pres
ent were above the average cf iheir min
isterial brethern ia the west, and im
pressed all with their christian chan cier
and with their zealous devotion ia the
Perhaps no r.ccple in the UrJiel iUtes rr n'-:.i
a --eater desira for schools thai do Uo pecjle
of Jubraslia. Ia every little stttlment c f three cr
fcur families, a sool is cr:;ni;J ; and, w hero a
s. Lool iou?o cannot ba erecteJ,rc(Ei is cttair.fd
in scmejrivate dwelling, acd'a teacher hired to
instruct the children telorirg )b tie littla cir.'.a
of settlers. . j
Now all this speaks volnniej is praise of the en
terprise aid energy cf the peni le, ar:d shows a
laudable real in the caue of eduction ; tt there
is cne danger that needs to beguirdoi a,7.inEt,
that we think is not fufilcicntly looked after, acd
that 13 the ability of tbe teacher fo reacA cur chll
dren frcprrly. We roj fcave the form without
the substarce, anl then the ecbol, instead of a
real good, becomes a po.iLive iijury; and of all
poor thing?, aa ignorant and unialiSod teacher is
the poorest and most deleterious Cheip teacert
are always lie most cettly; theyaiay go through a
lifeless routine, day after day, mi kill time, cntil
the twelve weeks pass; your dildren learn what
theyplease and as they please, aid they generally
learn more error than truth. Nov, it costs the par
ent as leucltf r the child's boks,.clotbirg end
botrd, aa .though .he went to a l.-at class teacher,
aud all the difference "to hira woull noteicei two
cr three dollars a term. Yethowfrequcnily do we
find that these two or three dollars decide the ques
tion in favor ota miserable er-olory for a. school, ia
place of one where Lis child woull te correctly in
structed and thoroughly drilled.
We re not saying one word to discourage the
young, earnest teacher. Ve-knoir that every true
teacher feels his own deficiency, and tries to remedy
it; but ii is the trat,s:nt, unsettled being, who
offers his services as teacher, because he can obtain
a little money in that way easier than with his ax
in the timber. It is the pretenst, the sham, the
thadoto, of a teacher that we object to. We honor
the true, earnest worker in th8 cjioor room, but wo
h eartily de?p ise the ignorant sycophant, who palms
himself off, cn a credulous commutity , as a teacher,
when be does not possess one real qualification for
It is t'm8 we began to insist on our teachers
knowi ng mere than the cdyhatct. They, ought, at
least, to be required to learn the multiplication ta
ils, and know whether th earth is round or Cat !
It Las ben our Ityt to bare bad some of those under
our charge as pupils, Trhora the people call flrt rat
teacher t, and we could but feel saVat the great de
ficiency exhibited in their knowledge of the most
cemmen brsLchcs, reading, spelling, and arithme
tne tic, saying nothing about grtmmar and geogra
But the great fault afterall is with the people,
We are not willing to pay wags to warrint a per
son to educate himself for his profession; an edu.
catcd teacher rcuitcome in competition with ev
ery grade, of ign o recce, and as he cannot afford to
spend his time In school for a Jess sum. than he can
make at other business, the cieap teacher usually
obtains the situation, while the truly qualified
person finds employment otherwise.
We presume that Nebraska has as competent
teachers within ber bounds as many other. States,
and yet that is not saying very much for her.
We propose discussing in our next issue some of
the qualifications neo?sary to a good teacher.
"We think onr father's fools so trite e grow,
Our truer ion no doubt will think us so."
"It is cot what we read; but what w remember,
that makes us wise.""
"A bad hand-writing ought never to be forgiven,
it is shameful indolence, indeed, sending a bad
ly written letter to a fellow-creature is as impu
dent an act as I know cf." NiEscna.
There are 60C00 public schools In the United
States, more than one-sixth of which are in New
York. ' '
According to the census of 1860 there were 1,
218,311 free white inhabitants of the U. S., over
twenty-one years cf ags, who. could not read nor
write; and over 871,000 of these were nativo born
Every teacher should be a correspondent of some
paper or Journal. Send in your item, teache
Mr. Editor : Incompliance with th
request of your "Peru Correspondent" in
your last issue, permit me to say that as
regards a proposition looking lo the
educational interets of Nemaha county.
I think that the objest can be accomplish
ed by an association of 11 the teachers of
the county, say at Brownville, when an
exchange of view could be had upon
such educational topics as might come be
fore it.' Perhaps thid movement would
have been more succssfut earlier in the
season when every district couldave
been reprcsenied, and while all lhe
schools were in session ; yet a majority of
the schools will be in operaion during the
summer months. However a permanent
organization can be affected with an
executive committee, to. propose a pro
gramme in the interval for an adjourned
session. It we would succeed.vwe must
have an organization ; and by the perfec
tion of the same we would accomplish
much. To the consideration of those
now teaching, or who intend to teach.
would, we escecally. recomend this
movement. Now the Question arises as
to the most expedient plan to be adopted,
by which every teacher, and friend of
education can be enlisted in this move
ment. Perhaps it would be advisable to
secure the co-operation of several teach
ers in the county, to prepare a programe
and call a meeting, stating the object and
subjects for discussion '.
Teachers from adjoining counties no
doubt, would meet with us and add to the
interest cf cur association. Bat if these
few suggestions are deemed inexpedient,
please make any other preposition that
may meet with general favor, Again,
self-culture and mutual improvement
wculd be derived from a correspondence
through an advertising medium inaugura-
teQhythe teachers upon various educa
tional topijs, FAIRVIEW.
The following decisions were made by the Com
missioner of the General Land Office in reply to in
quiries made by th local land ofScers at Green-
leaf, Minnesota :
First. That the Ilomrstead law reiuires rirtfe
who have initatei claims under that statute, and
enly declared their inteotiton to besoms citizen r.F
the United States, to obtain final papers of citizen
ship before patent can be issued for the land.
Second. That where a claimant becomes an actual
settler within six months cf the date cf entry, the
iito ;ti5 rrsiuence ana cuiuvation wiii be conoid
crea as ccnimencio-
PrcCf of C:.!!l2 reMI:::;
UosTF3?y,.NE3., Feb. Htb, V'3.
Jlr. ZJitori CtoervTS that your pap.:rha&3
Agricultural Dcpariaont, ani that eoce cf irj
farmer, friends 9 re witin j for publication their
slews upon, matters coming under their tlserva.
t'en, I thc-gh it not improper to wiita yo'i a fei?
f icts, and then Tears th natter at your discretion
as to whether they are of suScient itcre.:t to yur
readers to pay for publishing or not.
Farmers toil hard through the summer to rni?e
their com, wheat, oats and hay, and gather the
products into cribs in the fall, and surely ought to
realms all thay are worth cr will bring in the best
market, or should' confer them into that which
will pay them the best when sold. Our farmers, by
the p-escnt system in vug-jo, are supporting from
ihree o fcur big, stent, lazy men, in eich little
town on the rier, wh-i style themselves grain
bnycri.. Yes, I might go farther and say they are
taxed, or tax themselves, heavily, not only to fur
nish these grain-buyera with a living,, cigars,
whisky, acd fancy livery teems and top buggie3,
but they paj steam boat obtains and daok hands
large sums annually,, whioh. were bettor kept in
the .pockets of th.9 farmars, cr paid out for some
thing to iirprove the farm.
And now I propose to show you what they wculd
tax a fanner of my capacity ; but I can't " lee it.'
so I sav8 the money-' for o ;her purpose-. I had
last fall, in a good state of preservation, forty tons
of bay, and about three thousand bushels of corn
for sale, twenty-five mil is from, the Missouri river.
The river has been frozen bjj all this time, so were
I ever so much inclined, could not Like ray grain
there in the only tims of the year which I have to
spare for thaji purpose. Some other mode of dis
posing of the same must be resorted to. I took
from a drove of cattle thirty head 'f oxen, and
agreed to feed them from the first diy of Noveia
ber to the first day of Hay, all the com and hay
they will. eat. The cattle were weighed to me at
four cents per pound, and I am to weigh them back
to the owners at five cent3 per pound, gross, on the
first day cf May next. This I calculate i3 equiva
lent to nine cents .fos- each addit:onal pound I
make t"hem weigh in the spring over their fall
weight. , The additional weight per ox will at a
low estimate be three bun lred pounds I bought
sixty hogs to run in the same yard with the cattle
at five dollars a peace. Now for the figures : .
30 head of cattle at 300 & per bead, will
produce 9,005 5 of beof, at 9 eta. per lb,
contract price $310,00
60 head of hosr.at 253 Tb perhead, will pro- -
duce 15,CO0 &.of pork, which at 5 cents
per 2 wiU amount to- 750,00
ii . it . tf S k
before harrow, izv is t-$ i.ms i
does the tig '
crush icji. 9
I cm the br-: ! j
.c-.il cl ti3 to the earti.
-.l to r
; the last
int if i ' I. TIow shallow, ex--roTT,
T'::.h should be six cre'ht
feet frcia the l-e--. It should be plowed derpto
caus the xri to rxia die?, to they will not bo
interrerreJ w'.h ia UiV'J joar field crops. For
if the rcct is broken they will sprout. The next
rinent twelve inches f.'cm the grn:.iJ, and
tend as before. This year the bee will net be
much needed. Tha following iprysj catUinches
above tha last cutting, and plow oaca or tuice. Ia
the latter part of June take a bed.je or corn knife,
and trim off even in a 'rounding form tha hei-ht
you want, say four feet, trai-nerer cut the.sila
branches.. Your Iledgo is no-3 Fully mads, aid
need3 no more tending. Trim sgsia ia the latter
part of Augui. C uttack to the June cutting.and
cut in June and August 'each, year after. This
stunts the growth ; bes ides cutting t this season
while the ?prout3. are terder, they dry up and rot
leaving no thorns in thway;but if suTered to
harden, they last foryean, and are much in the
way. The SrouJs..will start igaia after -cutting,
in August, but frost alwavs catches then, while
tender, and killsthem ba,:k to tha place of start
ing. I find it much le?s trouble to keep a hedge
in order by trimming tvice a year.. Four years
is all that is required to finish a hedge, if properly
tended. Never cut only early ia the Spring,. till
your ledge is made, as it cjiexks the growth, but
afterward tha more you can a tont.it the tetter, as
it will bear ary amoaat of ca tting without any in
I aotica a correspondent who signs his nan "La
fayttta" I do not know who he is, but Lis head
is right, though he estimates the cost cf raising a
hedge a little too high. Otherwise I and he agree
If any one by experencekasa better plaa of hedg
ing, 1 should lika to hear from him.
GEO I1GS J Er.YANT.
The Trade scrplled wlta Blrti.,M.
ua to order. c" ln4. !;v,
ST. LOlTs, v.
. F. EOTD, J
iilS'ATZiZlCV. Cfi.. rf. 1 .
Total income 1,5(10,00
Cash for 60 shoals-". ' - 300.09
1.800 bushels of corn, at 40 cts per bushel- 720,00
30 tons cf hay, at $5 per ton 150,00
The expense of feeding is about the same as that of ,
. . I damage of packing so.
Farmer's Clu!) Keporl-Xo. 3.
ClIFTO.V, NitAHA C0CXTT,
February 14th, 1SC3. f
ULu Editor : My inte-nticn is to give you a brief
sketch cf the doings or the nn-doings of this club
as often as once a week, and will endeavor to do so
herafter should our proceedings still le sought for
by the Advertiser, which p apr we are gTad to see
is greatly impravicj,
'' Iloping that our discussions oa "roct gTafts"
will have a tendency to stop the great tree trade
of Imperfect trees cf Eastern origin, and cause our
enterprising eett Iers to either depend on there own
efforts to propegste cr at least procure trees of
parties they know hero in their own county. For
I notice some very hardy nursery trees both grafted
and ucgraftei near home, which can be bought at
less cost and be removed and replanted in the or
chards the same day, giving the young tree the ad-
vaitaz of tbe:r own supervision, and avoid the
haulin g grain to market.
Now, I thing this $ 3S0 is about the tax each
farmer iit Richardson county has to pay for the
support of these middle men, cr in the aggregate
about S100.OCO annually. But, thank G jd, 1 hey
dont live by the gweafof my brow, to any large
The manure they make is worth more to me than
the cost of feeding the cattle ; and you will ob
serve that this process of disposing of my hay and
grain leaves my farm still in the State of Nebraska.
Ndw as economy is my aim and study, I would be
glad if a ny of your readers would give ns a cheaper
and a better plan to ship their hay and grain to
I ara your regular subscriber,
What is understood by the term Dvarf, as it is Txrai:re
generally applied to trees 7 A treeoi deminuauve Hedge
growth, caused by being so pruned and trained, if Bieaking
The club met as usual and discussed the question
of raising fruU with rcg-irl to pofit ; a ques ion of
much importance, probably little understood ; and
I persume to say that that class of people of the
great wast who have year after year planted
their fertile fields with corn and fed it out to
hogs, cr in other words nho have followed the
"hog-hominy" system of farm ing and haa planted
out a dozen cf the short lived "rcct grfts"in their
pastures aa likely as any where else, will say bosh
this is "book farming" but when they look over
the figures of the club which 1 will give, they will
plainly see bow it is that all mankind don't want
to live and shake on "thatyer bottom." We found
the expence of an acre of orchard, when put in
lots of ten acres so as to make it, cheaper fencing
would cost all told but $32 25 per acre, for the
first ten jeirs.
not a d warf tree, as the term is generally onder-
70 trees, at li cts, co.Ur grafted or budded
8&e. Such are only so in appearance at the Flanting 2 00
time, and will cot retain that appearance unless I After eulture of trees
kept so by the pruning knife. Neither can th
same result be obtained from them. Cut a Dwarf
is raised from a bud or & graft, inserted into a I iu&n is.
plant of the samo Renins, but of deminutive At ten 7a".escl tre fiT bushels,350 bush-
srrowth, this beinjr'its natural habit, the stock
affecting the graft by an interuption of the flow of or equal w an investment oi ? i,too vv in u.3
sap, tending to produce early fruitfulness. For Bond8 Pcre,aacl les3 liable to accident or loss
instance the pear is worked cn the quince, (angers,)
the apple on paradise apple, the cherry on the
mahalst cherry, all these being shrubs in charac
ter, and the tree thus produced is derided in its
character between a tree and a shrub, and de
ands a higher prioe ; hence it is that we often
see trees that have been worked on free stocks cut
back a' time or two, and sold as Dwarfs.
besides being much easier for a widow to manage
in case of the decease of th e one who has made so
noble a start on the earth.
B. A. DAWLEY, Se c'y.
CnltelStCSTtf Jir.r,,. ,r,, "'"ev
that Stale. J1'"1:.- '
Ke n.meol the Ceirpmy '
and Fire Iasaraiice Cempiay, Cf Tz
The Capital Etcck cfThis Co i .-
The Amount cf Stocked
Caph on band n4 in fcnd e: -.nt.
Notts cakea for preaiUmt !s- I !?.
Inveed in stocks aaj u;ter iec:ri:w
RiilrociJ Furniture '
Dot CSrers. Attnls scj otaers
Loe tdjm'.ed tn.i da
Loess adjaa f1 nl not due
Losses lu S!ipenfe
Tbe Urgebi amount Injured In nt ru
po ca do jlrt
Geo. W. CUrt. Preitdpnt BJT p
of tne Western Ax:imt
Company, first Leic da !t worn rt..''. Ut:
foregoiwc ttatenietit is trne, the bi J
ele and belief. Gi:o. "W. CLiTz V
STATS C? IOTTA,
T. C. Snow, Secretary.
1S2 Fsrr.ham strgot C"nvi
TICGIL 8. IIALL, Ar-!
Forllic DcaeCt or Slielbj Cc'L,
FRANCE, SMITII& CO.,"
Will le Brazen in Ccvir.zt.n
CLASS B. Fb. U. u:
February 29th, 1SC5.
I prize of-
I Prize of
I Prize of
I Priz? of
I f riz of
I Prize of
I Prize of
I Prize of
I Prize cf
I Prize cf -
1 Priza of
I Prize of
I Prize ot
So Prizes of
loo Prizes of
l5o Prizes of ...
2oo Prizes of
9 Prizes of
9 Prizes of
9 Prizes of--9
9 Prizes cf
9 Prises, of
9 Prizes of
9 Prizes of
45 Prizes of
450 Prizes of
ers and 1,133 Frb:
Mr. Editor : In you issue of the 6th inst., we
notice an artie'e under the title of hedge culture.
The-hint I After seeing the aut ors name, G. J. Bryant, he
may not be out of place at this time. ' E. H. B.
- Written for the Advertiser.
3Iore About Ilcdslns.
Mr. Editob: Having writtena short article on
"Hedging" in reply to your correspondent whose
signature is "E. II. B.," I thought I should say
no more on the subject; but seeing that he is still
writing on this question, and that miny of his
ideas are perfectly absurd, I believe it to be my
duty to say something more.
being a man of extensive experience, and whose
observations have; extended over fourteen Ion
years, and we being somewhat intcres ted Jn h'dge
culture, as yon, Mr. Editor, may suppose,, we pe
rused said article with a degree of interest, expect
ing to see some fact3 set forth that were-practical,
instructive and nseful, and that we might add the
same to cur present limited information. But
fancy our disappointment, when instead, of the
nutritious food we anticipated, we had to put np
with a mess of hesks.
Your correspondent's perceptive faculty seems to I
I have had experience in ercwinz fence and
plants for many years, and having a greater desire b moro tba ordia ariI7 iea' " hJ h" reij
of seeing the country improve than merely that PerceiTe from our remarks that we never made a
my name should appear insthe papers, what 1 say hedS - footer states that we think a lawful
will be based on experience and act on suDoosition. fence can be m ade for 75 cents per rod. In both of
Also, my name is given in full, so that all who read tbese assertions Mr. -JJ-ntij in error. We mean
the article, may know who I am. Jast etrj what we' say. Now, in regard to the
Now. fiir.B. II. Ti. ii(immri)j tfH!n! tha Vcj many farmers bein di.-'satisfied with the hedges
plants two feet apart and trimming off the side made by contractors, and the inexperience tf the
branches ; which every one that has any experience mca ngg& ia it, we have nothing to say. These
knows is wrong. He says the Osage is a tree, not a men, a we said before, are responsible, but it is out
shrub, and wants room. If I want trees I set in of our ePhere to dal with the business of others.
1,130 Triz-s, amounting to fAZt
Tickets S12, Halves 6, Quarters si
ST5" The above "AG-incr5T iixsiE-rmirs
Lottehy will be drawa I Franc, in ComcToi,
v., by tbre.e sworn Cumans-i- ners. at 1 ':;. r. ,
I the corner of Fourth ana JljiusS S. Titlwi-tr
Stale Lotteries are d- Gift Enterprise, butrp.CM
Die Mocey Lotteries, ttiit he beei crndictrt tit
past Itirty years, anil a-e drawn nnler t!.e ntt-.;f
of a chjrttr from the State, and bond art t'.-rtito
the payment of all prizes. Tbe orficwl lst of aoaf
drawing pnen will be publ:ced in tfct N'wljr Hw
aid Cincinnatti Daily Corniaercial aud Ciitciasaii So
53"We draw two Lotteries dailv, and rtf t
be J vintage of SKLKL'TING TUEia 0WXTXi .
oeiid your addres for circuiar.
' .ddre til orders to
FRANCE, SMITH k CO ,
Box 371 CO VIS G TO.r. 17.
R. F. B ARBEIT,
Proprietor of trie
NEW STEAL! - FEHHY BOAT,
SrX J'T, aad owner cf the entire Ferry Fraoeti
Would repctfally rspreent to the Travt'inf F--
that they cin be ferriel over the lfian ii?,
Brownville, promptly aud wtthjat delay, at til ioa.-
In the day time
The capacity of the boat will accommodate
Fifteen Lsaaca Wagons and Te:J
OS. 130 HEAD Or EJEEP CATTLE,
AT OX7S THIP. aii
JOHN L. CARSON,
a grove, not in a hedge. Now, Sir, the reason why
Osage is valuable for hedging-i3 that it is hardy,
and will bear crowding and trimming, and can be
converted into a shruh, Just what we want. I
know it does well set as close as four inches, tho'
it is a wast of plants. Six or eight inches is close
enough. If set wider, they must grow two or three
years, and then be topped if yoa want a hog-tight
fence. This process makes a strong fence, but
makes it more difUcult to trim afterward and can
never be made so neat. The cheapest and best
way to make a good hedge is to commence right and
keep it right. I will give my plan of hedging, with
which I have had perfect success. I think that
those who have no-exppiecce in raising p'ants
can buy them cheaper thaa they aiford to can raise
them. Seed planted in the hedge row is time and
money lost. I should get good sound pi an U, should
prefer a common or small sized plant, as every one
knows the more root a plant has in reso ting, the
more sure it is to grow, especially if it shoald be
dry. The plant roots very d&ep. A large plant
has a root from two to three feet long, and as tbey
are not taken up more than eight inches deep, the
root is left in the ground, while the small pltnt
has nearly all the root left and grows better. I
should prefer plants grown hero to those shipped
from the East. The hedge row should be well
plowed and harrowed, but not thrown np, exeept
on wet land, then draw a straight furrow, dep.
Let one hind take the p'ants, first having them
topped within rwo or three inches of the yellow
root ; press them against the bare side of the fur
row so they will stand. Let another follow with
a hoe ; 11 the furrow level ; then tramp the dirt
tight ; then fill np again, and leaving the dirtioote
on top. Da certain to set deep enough so the rain
will not settle the earth, and leave the yellow rjot
naked. The plant may be slightly covered over
the top without doing it any barm. This leavs
the plant in a slanting position, and it is likely to
throw out several shoots, the more the better.
With tha data nf entrv . i. .. .. . i
Third. Thefrr -li M. iv-" " i : P hen tne time to cuuivaie wnen jou see me
sicni on proving np as required by the act ia force weeds Etarfc. Keep tne row ceai, but don t be in
tt the date cl his original entry. - j a hurrv to hill op, as it will be tilled high enough
-J t J J y
Exchange bouzht and sold on all the prionr!
Cities. Also, dealer in Go Li ani Svr Co
Gold Dnt and
this kind of personal controversy is not discussing j 9 AULlii. illl j JL
neczo culture, neitner can we see any goou results n -i , i, -t
,:.T -i.-. u Bevosils received, rnvalle at sig-t.
imeij vi grow outui i., ua nuut ueucut or later- l - ' i
ant has had fit'ty years of practical experience in agreement TaXiS paid for flOZrrtiiJp"2,
that business, unless the information deduced from
that experience is made known to them through
the medium of the public journal, where all intel-
lig ent farmers can judge of the merits and falacies.
and if they then fall into the wrong way, they
have no one to blame but themselves. It is of I
little use to tell thaa they have done wrong when
they see the result and be dissatisfied in the end.
Why has Mr. B. left his superior skill lay dormant
so long? Why was it not made manifest, so that
all his brother farmers could participate in the i
benefit that would acme from such instruction.
Then the y would have no cause for dissatisfaction
cr feel sorry they let tieix contract for hedging to
inexperienced men. E. H. Ii.
JOHN L. CARSOX.
JLfai Street opposite -P-henon'M
BliUWNVI I,LE- Nl-B-
LOST OR STOLEN
One while and fitted Black Slut Pap. X Libera!
Keward will pe paid for her delrvery at
, FARM FOR SALE.
TV. T- STOUT offers Lis Fartatn section 25. town 3.
Range 15, in Kichardaon connty, Sea , for sale, sita
aied eight soiiei southwest of Apiawall. It Is all
under fpiice and enltivation except 15 acres of timber.
Well watered. Persona dlring lo purchase will call ,
on Mr. Si out one mi;e south of j. . Crow's. Jdonte-
rey, Richardson county, febraiia. 21-6t
r ' 3
WANTED. Teachers, Students, and other
intelligent Men and Women, la a busings pay
IngflOO to $0O per month, ac ordin? to ability.
For particular address IF.xiiLET.. itcCUaDT St CO..
Lombard Block, Chicago. III. 12-il-ly
G. P. BERKLEY,
CAItltlAClU AND SIGN PAINTTJIt,
Grainer. Gilder. Glazier and Paper- Ilanier.
All work done on Short Notice, Favorable Term ani
Warranted. O3o Tr Tere fc Co' Stre. Main tt..
n n -s its wrr t v v t r? . c r - . . -.. .
ALSO AGEMT FOR
TO THE LADIES.
WE are selling SMs, SaI; Dry and
Hoods of every JetcripM)n also, "jj
Wan. Furniture, e. ValaUe Presents, fr01
to 15Ca, sentrep of charge to agents sociS
of tea ol upwards.
Circaiars stctfree to anv dlrj.
MES"E.N;E3 Jb to
42 U mover St., Boston, tU.
r.O. Box 2331. IMS -6m
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