Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 26, 1861)
TiiE ADVERTISER, '
fl-j'AS, LYANNA Si FISHER,
. ct,rrstrickleri Block, Main Street,
T..r it r! J in lvBre - - - - $5 00
l"-"f- .'. ',' i-,id at lie wrlof months 2 60
' ." 11 " 3 00
" " t i ,-. nre w 111 be fnrni.-ted at $1 60 per
' " V.rV-iei ii cJ acfvnipante tbe orUer, not
I S T
LIBUUTV Aim TTKIOIT, ONE AIID IKSEPEHAELE, NOW AND FOREVER.'
IVA.TE9 OP ADVrr.TISINOi
1 One square, moota, ------- 3 M
BastaessCartisof sixlinesorlessyOB year, - Co
one Column one year, - .....-60 64
Oa-balf Column on year - - 13
One fourth Column one year, ... 300a
Oneeuhth Column on yatr, - - - - ICO
One column six months, - - O
One halt Column six months .... 90 C4
One fourth Column six month . . . - 13 t
One ei?htb Column six tnoctht 0
One Column three month, ... text
One half Column three months, - - - - - HO
One fourtb Column three months, .... 19 04
OneeUhth Column three months. .... t 04
auuaciuiCiadi-4teforoa;e(laJTi!ice,)- t M
BROWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, DEC, 26, 1861.
si NESS CARDS.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
0L!CITOKS IN CHANCERY,
" Corner Firtt and ilain Streets,
R-oiiMillf. - - - Xcbraka
un j,.rr permanently located in
r:;,jVN V JLLE, NEBRASKA,
r ,rrlice of 3Ielicine and Surerj, ten
... C ,r,ic.-..ivna'i services to the afiictcd.
'c'-e'-n M'in Street. no:3v3
lWLLADA r, M. D.
,..?;ii:yiufornihie friend In Brownville and
'j-f vi".!i;ty that be ta resumed tbe practice of
floilVlne, Surgery, & Obstetrics,
. ,. p. t y tj-i.rt ittention to hit-profe-sion, to receive
1 ,',u j.atr'!ite heretofore extended tobim. In
'' 'fl wljlW-e it is iwsMMeor expedient, a prescription
"" ',... t'e-1 -ue. oaceat Cay Drugstore.
"' "F.il, '59. S5.1y
.TMKS S. BEDFORD
TT0IINEY AT LAW,
'jK-i'i f;!nr:i!.bi.ef In Chaseerv.
T. M. TALIJOTT,
.!:;! i'cl hirn.lf in li.wnvil!e, N. T.,tea
. , . .". ril ervioe to the ci-uuiuai ty.
tk!;s Watches k Jewclrv.
tr- .: iti- ua. t-to Hi ;iti7.ecs of Brownrilie
'. ;.!".. y 1 1 j a t lie l.b !.(v-.:ei hiui.-eif in
' it i"rrnv!l!?. ii.lmvea'li' keeping ful 1 a--rt.
, . 'i: liieX .bui!i wLiib will
... jw : .r ca-h. lie w;l aUo 1. ail kinds of re
i. ,:! .!,,.kv.viiUht-.i.J:erelrr. Ali "r.
. , v3nlS:y
EDWARD W. TSOMAS,
ATTORNEY AT LAV,
1 i c i t o r in Chancery.
Offl e c rner of Min and First Street.
I'KCiMKE J TIME
THE FIRES OF FALL,
rjr rrime, A. No. I Insurance,
IX IHMII El
UF 11 ART
The Fruits of the Phcanix
Are mani!e?t in the fallowing Jtatenient of Facts
tJ Kgurcs, showing the amount eunlizod to public
t'enet,in-tLe fb.t;e c.f l.-t paid in the wet and
South, durina the jt four years ; a substantia rec
Well Tried Corporation.
3.: il r"S
50 j 56
ed iu this
ne nr. a ska ....
st lieited.ani policies issnei and reiiei
Icadicg Corp-raii..u, at fair rate. by
E. W. THOMAS
He, Sept. 5, HGlh
CITY 1IFMY STA
Lr. D. i win, Bruwnville.
HjM.. SidN AM) 0KXA3IEMAL
I AM) rAI'Ea HANGER.
;..0VNV!I.L!:, N. T. t i
ami Ect 32nslc .
.1- tiini y t lie bi.--.t AiiK'iioin
.-r?. iii i" r-ira'..ir',v evi.-ry
nt'I.D .lOl'UVAl.t I'r'ii-e Four
y Mcphfu GiyVcr, aj pears ia
ROGERS & BROTHER,
AXXUTNCES to the put lie that be bas purcha.-el tbe
Li-ery bt3t'!eand St.k formerly owned by William
R..-ell ar.d added thereto fine i-t.ck, and U now prepar
el t j accouiruxlaie the putlic with.
THE TRAvIlUIIG PUBLIC
Can find at bis Stable ample accommodations for
torse, mules or cattle.
BENJAMIN' &. JOSnUA ROGERS.
BrownvilleJ Oct. 13, I860. pl6-yly
(Successor to Lushhauch & Carson.
" r TVT r. T7! 5 ?
LA.ND AXU TAX l'AVLf
Denier in Coin, Lncurreut .Money, Land
Warrants. Exchange, ai 1 Gold Dud
IIIlOi ; MJiili lSILA.
I'cvr Slioc Shop.
UR 0 JVM 1L L E, NEBRASKA,
?.: if n!!y iirf.irms he citienn of Ibis r'ace and
.: le o..ti4Pieii.H'd the matiufai't.ry of
.1 m hr. w iiville, mul b-iye '' attewi'ii
j-Md merit nbare f X Klc patroinpe. Hi
ki-a'li.f tl.e t evtqu.iliiy. an.i bi work all war
': t.'c':T atifact in or no pay."
A -vie..,i w,,ik. fr. m a N'.. 1, fine c?lf skin bot,
e tr ;an, and at rriees so low that noiia can
' -e me a rVil at my sbop. on Tirst 6treet, between
' I..S..I W'aipr.
t-'i'-iiie May 9. IS61 ly
J. WILSON BOLLINGER,
A S D
Goiniscllor at Law
enerfii nnd nt1 i Ti tr A vrrnt.
UTillCE, GA(iE CO., iNEliKAMvA.
'iLL praefiee in theiieveial Courts in Gage and
i-si ij: count ie, an 1 will give prompt attention
nin.u-iress entrust od to him. Collections prompt
Jr articular attention given to locat-;I-r,l
Ci.rrantson lauds carefully selected by
H. A TERRY,
Wholesale and Rttail Dealer in
arikzJ, rieldtiml Tlower Seeds,
g".?e viifEs, Goosrsmsirs,
Crr -.Ts, 11ft'sberri':,. Hisckhrrie.
'5 mi Orpamrntat Shrubbery Generally.
l'l;i:sCKNT CITY IOWA.
v 5 r 777
1 will pive ereldl attcr;ti..n tobuyinp ar.il sel'in-j ex
.haiivre on tbe priiicioal cities of tbe I'liiifd Sta'ciand
Ku'-oie. Cii'M Silver, ui.current Bank l'.iils, and
dv'. 1 lut, Ciilvti..ii made on all aeeeat-ie p ints,
and pr.K-ce-ts reiuitte I in excbat.ee at current iate.
lo ;.u-n received on curreut account, and interest 1
lowel ou special dejx MU.
3iaix strx:x:t. ncnrcrA the
Tclerapli and the lT. S.
R E F E R E Y C E S :
Llnd !c Brother TbiUdelpbia, Pa.
J. Y. Carson is. Co., " '
lliser. Du k K. Co. Baltimore, Md.
Youn-" i. Car-oil, " "
Jeo. Tli"tuii'n JImnn, CoVt of Port, " "
wm. T. t uu tb- 'ii, K- i.. Hanker, Wasbluptoe, D. C.
J. T. Steven. Eo., Att y at Law, " "
Jno. S. Gallaher, Late 3d Aud. L. S. T. " "
Tarior &. Rru-sh, Bankers,
.McClelland. Pye & co.t
H .n. Thouia- G. Pratt,
Hon. Jas. O. Carson.
P. B. Sinali, E-q., Pres't S. Bank,
Col. Geo. Schley. Av at Law.
Col. Sam. U.tintiletouAll'y at Law,
Jude Tbos. Perry,
Prof. 11. Tutwiler,
St. Louis, Mo.
Nov 8, lSiu-tf .
eorxciL BLUFFS, IOWA.
WILLI Ail r. KITER.
T 17, JstJ.
U A L L o
- " J Or ALL IISDI.
FAn3AMK & GREEtlLEAF,
IVJt LiliC ST.. 1I2ICAGO, '
-i corner of Xdui & Walnut fcits. St. Louis-K-BCT
ONLY THE GENUINE.
PIKES' PEAK GOLD!
I will receive Pike's Peak Gold, and advance
money upon tbe same, aud pay over balance of proceeds
as soon as Mint returns are bad. In all cares, I wi''
exhibit the printed returns of tbe United StateMin
ar Assay ufflce.
JNO. L. CARSON,
BULLION AND EXCHANGE BROKER
BROWNVILLE, N' EBB A SKA.
JLnv, Rtfvcrn Lvve and Firtt Streets.
larf leular attention triven to tlic
i'urcliatc and Sale ol Zleal
list ale, .flaking Col
I'aynient of Taxes for 'on-uesl-dents.
LAND U ARRANT S EUIi SALE, for cash and on
LAND WARRANTS LOCATED for Eastern Cap
itolists.on lands selected from personal examination,
and complete Township Map, showing Streams,
Timber, &.e forwarded with the Certificate of loca
tion. Brownvflle N. T. Jan. 3. 1S1. jl
A. C O X S T A 15
IMPOhTKll 1MI I.KALLB I!
'ON, STEEL, NAILS,
l!!iS. srULNGS, AXLES, F1LE
. T ' AND
A C KSM'I T irS TOOLS
: r UY-, "
SEMI-ANM IL STATEJ1ENT, No. 102.
CAPITOL and SURPLUS
IVXvy 1st. lOGl.
Ca-h and cash items - - -Loans
well secured - - -Beat
Estate - ...
2026 sbares Flartford Bank Stocks
225 Kew Tork " -
1010 " Boston " "
601 other ' -
Vnited State and State '
Hartid&N! Haven R.TL. bonds '
Ilartforrt City Bonds - -Conn.
River Co. it R.R. Co. Stock
ToUl Assets -
Total liabilities ...
. 15.1)00 00
- 193.350 00
100 750 00
. 63 086 00
73 367 00
- 39 700 00
36 750 00
4 COO 00
$932 302 9S
73 -244. 27
For details of investments, tee small Cardi and Cir
culars. Insurances may be effected in tbis old and substantial
Company ou very favorable terms.
Apply to . . .
JOHN L. CARSON, At-
BROWNVILLE, N T.
57" Dwellings and Farm Property insured lor a term
of years at very low rates lyno4
Johns & Crosley,
SOLE MANUFACTURERS OF THE IMPROVED
(.1 1 1 I'CIICIIA
Is the Cheapest and most durable Roofing
IT IS FIRE AND WATER PROOF
It can be applied to new and old roofs of all kinds, and
to shingle nAfs without removing tbe shingles.
Tliccost is only one-third of Tin,
and is twice as durable.
Gutta Fercha Cement
For preserving and repairing tin and other metal roofs
of everp description, from its great elasticity is not in
jured by tbe contraction and expansion of metals, and
Will not' crack in cold or Run in warm
These materials have been thoroughly tested in New
fork ami all parts of the Southern and Western states,
and we can give abundant proof of all we claim in their
They are readily applied by ordinary laborers, at trifl
"NO HEAT IS REQUIRED."
These materials arc put up ready for
use and for Shipping to all parts of the
Country, with, full printed directions for
Fall descriptive circulars will le far
nhhed on application ly mail, or in per
son, at our principal office,
(Opposite St. Ni holas Hotel.) NEW YORK,
JOHNS & CROSLEY.
Feb. 23, 18GI. AGENTS WANTED. 6 mo-
Furnitur 31 anutactoiy.
The Undersigned having opened a shop
BROWNVILLE STEAM MILL,
Are prepared to put up all kinds of
CABI MBT WORK.
To order, at short notice. We will manufacture
CHAIRS &c. &c.
We are also prepared to furnish Coffins with the ut
most dispatch. We have on hand well seafonec' Black
Walnut lumber for tbat purpose. We have tbefacili
tie of making furniture as cheap as it can be furnished
in tbis country, wben durability is taken into tbe ac
couut, as we warrant all of our work.
We solicit the patronage of tbe community.
We will take In exchange for furniture all kinds of
farm produce. The bii.-het prices for butter, esss,
and lard will be paid the entire hot season.
Brownville. May 30, ly.
CHAMBERS &. NOYES.
O V! ,1
l' V-l" I'i i I It' L .-Mi.
rrpM Itotvppit Ff'is knd Edniond.
PAIXT JOSEPH, MO.
" :'''t. he sell St. Lotus pneetfor cafn.
Vfrhest Pries raid for Scrcp Iroa.
4IlKe's l'cak, or Ilust."
DBY GOODS HOUSE.
TsTo. 11, IMaixi street,
BROWIIVILLE, II. T.
J. BBMISY Sc Co
nave Just completed tbeir new cusiness boose on
Main Street, near tbe U.S. Land Office, in Brownville
wtere they have opened out aud areoffering on tbe most
favi.raMp terms. '
Dry Goods, Provisions,
Of all Kinds,
FLOUR, CONFECTION ARIES,
GUCCX AXD mtlED TliCITS,
Choice Liquors, Cigars,
And a "tbousaad and one," other things everybody
CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK
B.-ownvilie. April 26, ly
THORN, COLEMAN, CO.,
nnounce to tbe traveling public that tbeir splendid
commodious Steam Ferry running across from
Brownville, jiifjj Nebraska.
Is one of the best in every respect on the Upper Mis
souri river. Tbe Boat makes regular trips every hour
sothat no timewillbe bwtin wailing.
The banks on both sides of tbe river are low and well
praded which renders unloading unneceesary as is tbe
case at most other ferries.
No fears need be entertained as to difficulties at or near
this crossing, as everybody in this region, on botb sides
of the river, is for the Union the strongest kind.
Our charge too an item tlie? bard limes are lower
than at any other crossing.
Traveler from K.msas to Iowaand to tbe east will find
tbis tbe nearet mid besl route i every respect.
THORN, COLEMAN & CO.
Brownville. Nebraska, Sert. 21st, 1S61.
Eieclric Weather Indicator.
This neat anl cuiious instrument furetelU the
jteather from 12 to 2-t hours in advance. Sentfree
bv mail on receipt of 50 cents by the manufacturers,
LEE k CO., Xcwark, 2 J. I ibcril discount to
Compensation of Female Teachers
It is generally conceded that the com
pensation of female teachers is not com
mensurate to the amount of labor requir
ed of them ; that while in many instan
ces mental capacities equivalent to those
of men are demanded, the pay even for
the same duties is by no means equal;
and yet, while considering all this, it is
much easier to point out the wrong than
to provide the remedy. The doctrine of
compensation is not regulated by intrin
sic values, but by the universal law of de
mand and supply. An overburdened mar
ket must, of necessity be one of depres
sion ; and the market for human labor is
not exempt from the same conditions.
Even the pay of Male teachers, es
pecially in times of mercantile depres
sion, is not unfrequently affected by an
active competion ; young lawyers with
out clients, doctors without patients, en
gineers on suspended lines of unfinish
ed railroads, with the thousand students,
theological, medical, legal, and scientific,
who must do something to aid them in
their pecuniary embarrassments, and
help themselves around a sharp angle in
the rugged road they have chosen, come
in competition with the professional
teacher, and cut down his wags. School
committees do not often enough inquire
whether or not the applicant is a profes
sional jnstructer predicating his success
in life upon his merits in that direction,
but rather who can be obtained to do the
work for the least money.
If this is the case with men amid all
the countless varieties of employment to
which they are permitted to resort, how
much more potent must be the depres
sing influences upon the narrow channels
of female labor Preach as we may
about the dignity of labor, and the impor
tance of domestic employment, even mod
erately educated American women will
not submit to the drudgery and contume
ly of domestic service. As a consequence
the ignorant, and too often vicious serv
ant, is brought into disastrous conflict
with our children in the most dangerous
and impressible period of their lives;
while the elder sister, or the maiden aunt
withdraws herself from her own appro
priate sphere, to pick up a livelihood in
one to which she may be wretchedly ad-
pted: She will declare in all serious
ness, when free from restraint, that she
hates school-teaching more than poison;'
and that she 'had as lieve be in jail as a
schoolroom any time;' but then what is
the to do for a living if she does not
tnach ? Thf re is nothing else for her
to turn her hand to unless it is to go into
domestic service, and sooner than do that
she would starve ! Hence the rank of
female teachers is filled to repletion with
incompetent members, depressing com
pensation even of the better class to the
minimum limit, and affecting disastrously
all the substrata of our educational system.
One of the most painful duties impos
ed upon our Boards of Education is the
selection of teachers from the throng of
applicants pressing their claims for ap
pointment often even with tears. With
in the writer's own knowledge, during
the present fall, for four vacancies in the
public schools of a city there were over
90 candidates who filed papers of applica
tion. Nor is thi3 by any meanssolitary in
stance. The same state of things exist
everywhere throughout the States, and
urder such circumstances, resolving that
"female teachers do not receive sufficient
compensation, will accomplish about a
much in remedying the evil, as the 9ih
resolution of the New York Democrat
ic State Convention will aid in putting
WTe must draw off the surplus labor in
other and appropriate channels. Wo
man must consent to fill the place of
clerk, saleswoman, copyist, proof read
er, telegraph operator, or any other oc
cupation that is honorable, and fit them
selves for it. She must not stop to in
quire whether or not any woman has ev
er filled the place before, but whether
he is competent to fill it herself; and if
step boldly into the position; for she
who opens a new field for female em
ployment, is deserving a queenly crown.
When a diminution of the supply of fe
male teachers to the actual wants of the
bommunity is effected by detailing the
surplus to other equally respectable em
ployments, then, and not before, will our
female friends in the profession receive
the adequate compensation. New Yotk
It is the privilege of believers to be
with the Savior. Though it be true that
He has been received up into glory, still
he may be approached in ilia spiritual
presence. Though He be invisible, yet
is he accessible. And His people avail
themselves of the blessed possibility of
intercourse with mm. mey are wun
Him as pupils to learn the lessons of His
grace ; as sheep for which he died, and
whom he protects and preserves, and
leads into sreen pastures; as soldiers
whom, as the cantain of their solvation.
He is bringing into eternal glory; as
servants with their master, aud followers
with their leader. They aie with Him
in the closet and sanctuary ; with Him by
prayer, praise, and meditation on His
word, which reveals Him to their souls;
with him in the trosnel. of which He is the
o i '
light and glory ; and with Him in His
ordinances, where He meets, banquets,
ad blesses His people.
Tile Arl or Cateiilns Horses.
A correspondent of the Valley Farmer
truly remarks that there are few things
more aggravating than to be in a hurry
to go to some place, and have a great
trouble to catch a horse. I have some
made the assertion that a horse that I
raise will never be hard to catch unless
some one spoils him. The way I man
age is to keep them gentle from colts,
handling them as often as convenient.
When young horses are running o grass,
give them salt occasionally, and let them
fondle about you, making as little show
of trying to get hold of them as possible.
There is nothing surer to spoil a horse
forever than to run as if trying to hem
him in, and yelling to him authoritative
ly, or scolding, when he can see, just as
well as you know, that he is out of your
reach. To put on the cap sheef, whip
him severely for causing trouble, and my
word for it, the next time you want to
catch him he "will not listen to the voice
of your' charming, charm you never so
Horses learn a great deal by signs.
In beginning to teach them to be caught,
go towards them on the near side, slo.vly
and cautiously, making no demonstra
tions at all. If the animal begins to
walk off, stop and whistle, or otherwise
manifest indifference, until he becomes
quiet again, then approach as before.
When you are so close as to be confident
he will not escape you. speak, kindly, and
hold out one hand ready to touch him on
the withers, aud thence pass it along the
neck until you can get gold of his head,
but do not seize him with a grab, as this
tends to excite fear afterwards. By
practing this coure, using the sign, viz.,
holdiug up the hand when you are a lit
tle further away each time, a horse may
be taught to stop and be caught, even
when in a considerable glee (playing,)
simply by holding up the hand and using
some familiar phrase, such as whoa boy,
By way of caution, however, watch his
actions and intentions closely during his
tutoring, and if at any time or from any
cause you see that he is ?oing to run, do
not by any means say anything or hold
up your hand, as the sign given and diso
beyed a few times will almost inevitably
prevent your making anything out of it
Advantages and Disadvantages of
Their advantages are as follows: A
jrood she goat will give two quarts of milk-
daily, for nearly three months after kid
ding, when the quantity will gradually
diminish, and should be permitted to cease
altogeiher for six weeks before the birth
of the next kid.
This milk is too rich to drink in a pure
state, being nearly equal to ordinary
cream. For tea aod coffee it is unrival
led in quality. It possesses, moreover,
the great advantage of not being affect
ed by the food of the animal. If a cow
gnaws a few cabbage stalks, the milk is
disgusting. I have tried the experiment
of giving a milch goat a half bushel of
onion tops over night, and could not dis
cover the least tast of the vegetable in
the morning's milk.
The cost of keeping a goat is scarcely
capable of being stated. The mere re
fuse of the garden, trimmings and cut
lings cf all kinds of plant3, even those
of a poisonous character, are eaten with
avidity, and without any injurious effects.
The disposition of the female goat is fa
miliar and gentle in the extreme, provi
ded that she is not irritated by being teas
ed. She requires no expensive accom
modations, the meanest shed serving for
shelter from the greatest severity from
winter. Moreover, the goat possesses a
great" advantage over the smallest cow, in
asmuch as the dung of the former is dry
and inoffensive, aud does not disfigure
the pasture nor require the aid of a man
to clean out from the sheJ.
Such are the advantages of the milch
goat; but, like all other tnings, there are
two sides to the question, and the di?ad
vantages have aUo to be stated. They
are, chiefly, a predilection possessed by
the animals for barking trees, eating up
the hedges, and devouring ail garden
plants to which they can pain access.
If, therefore, coats are kept in a field
enclosed by a hedge, it is absolutely re
quiset that they should be tethered ; but
if well fed, they atlord, under these cir
cumstances, even a larger amount of
milk than when allowed their full liber
There are many districts of country
where the goat would be really invaluble
to every small family; and those persons
who have kept them under puch circum
stances can testify to their quiet, domes
ticated habils, gentle and fond familiari
ty, and great advantage in an economical
point of view.
There is more in the movements of the
driver of an ox team and in carrying the
whip, than most farmers think, says the
Ohio Farmer. Oxen, however quick in
their movements, or upright m their walk-
when in yoke, soon become dull, and get
the practice of ''snoving ' or "hauhnsr.
in consequence of the driver lagging
along, or as is often the practice, going
ahead of his team, and from time to time
stepping back and whipping them. A
driver of an ox team should walk directly
opposite the yoke, walk straight, and car
ry his whip upright as a soldier would
his gan. Usp a whipstock with a short
lash, and touch the cattle only with the
lash, and never strike them on the nose
or over the eyes.
Hare You an Ice-llouse.
It can be mad very cheaply, and
when the luxury of ice in Summer is
onco enjoyed, it wiil not be readily
given up. If no better structure can
be erected, build an ice room in one
corner of the vvood house, or any shed
where room can be spared. The N.
E. corner is the best. Seta row of
upright posts one foot from the inner
sides of a building, and two rows of
posts a foot apart, for the other two
sides cf the room; make the enclos
ure say eight or ten feet square.
Cover these with rough boards or slabs
and fill the space between with saw
dust. Lav down a loose floor and cov
er a foot deep with straw. When ice
is formed, select that which is pure.
clear and hard, cut it into pieces of
convenient size, and pack it closely
in the room. Leave sis inches space
between the ice and the sides of the
room, and fill this with sawdust. Also
cover with sawdust a foot thick, and
fill up to the roof with straw. Pack
ed in this way, ice enough to supply
a fimily of average size has been kept
tfely, the season through. Agricul
Oar Own Fa nits-
Let us not be over-curious about the
ailings of oihers, bat ta!o acouat of oar
own; let us bear in mind the excellen
cies of other men, while we reckon up
our own faults, for then we shall be well
pleased to God. For he whoboksat the
faults of others, and at his own excel
lencies, is injured in two ways; by the
latter he is carried up to arrogance,
through the former to listlesness. ior
when he perceives that such an one hath
sinned, very easily he will sin himself;
when he perceives he hath in aucjht ex
celled, very easily he becometh arrogant.
He who consigns to oblivion his. own ex
cellencies, and looks at his failings only,
while he is a curious engineer of the ex
cellencies, not the sins, of others, is prof
itable in many ways. And how? I will
tell you. When he sees that such an one
hath done excellent, he is raised to emu
late the same ; when he sees that he him
self hath sinned, he is rendered humble
and modest. If we act thus, if we thus
regulate ourselves, we thall be able to
obtain th good things which we are
promised through the loving kindness of
our Lord Jesus Christ, St. Chrysodom.
Substitutes for Indigo.
Owning to the scarcity and high price
of indigo and the great demand for living
fast blue woolen cloth and flannel, a co-
temporary states that the woolen dyers in
Hampden county, Mass., are buying up
carrot tops from the farmers, paying at
the rate of twelve or fifteen dollars per
acre, and using them for dying blue.
Carrot tops yields a species ot indigo, th
same as woau, and they are used. in what
is called the "pastel-vat." The color
obtained from them is as durable, we
think, as that of indigo, but it requires a
great quantity of them to yield a small
amount of coloring matter.
It appears to us that chemists will find
what are called "the refuse products of
petroleum oils," good subjects for experi
ments to obtaiq a rich coloring substitute
for indigo. Scarlet, red, crimson, drab,
green and blue colors have been obtained
from compounds of the aniline, but these
are not fast colors. What is wanted is
some discovery to render aniline blue a
permanent color, and when it is well
known that, according to Dumas, a radi
cal salt of indigo is anyte, which is com
posed of C 16 II 5 N, the manufacture of
ind'go from coal tar is not a hypothetical
Ax Illinois Farm. The largest farm
in Illinois h ihatof lsa?c Funk, who re
sides nar nionmington, M'Lcan cotiDty.
The total number of acres occupied and
owned bv him is 39,000 one firm uf
27.000 acres, said to be w-rth S30 per
acre, and three pasture fields containing,
respectively, 8,000, 3,000 and 1.000
acres. His great crop is corn, all of
which he consumes at home, and is thus
able to market about S70.000 worth of
cattle per year at New York. His stock
on hand of horses, mules, hogs and fat
cattle is said to be worth Si, 000,000.
If you would add lustre too all your ac
complishments, study a modest behavior.
To excel in anything valuable is great ;
but to be above conceit on account of one's
accomplishments is greater. Consider,
if you have rich natural gifts, you owe
them to the divina bounty. If you have
improved your understandm, and studied
virtue, you have only done your duty.
And thus there teems little ground left
No man need fear that he will exhaust
his substance of thought, if he will only
draw his inspiration from actual human
life. There the inexhaustible Gnd pours
depths and endless varieties of truth ;
and the true thinker is but a short-hand
writer endeavoring to report the discourse
of God. Shall a child on the banks of
the Amazon fear lest he should drink up
The best thing to be done when evil
comes upon us, is not lamentation, but
action ; not to sit and suffer, but to rise
and seek the remedy.
Which arc the most PrcHtaoIc'
Discussion at the Ohio Agricultural Con
vention. Mr. Townsbend, of Loraine, said ho
was not prepared to settle this question.
It was not settled in his own mind. My
father's flock of sheep were, formerly,
Liccesters. but are now mostly CotswoIJs
Of late, however, we are gettieg back to
Liecesters again. Land with us is too
hijh to devote to wool growing, henco
we raise meat and grain for market.
Our dxk averages about six pounds cf
wool per head, and this sells at f roai twenty-five
to forty cents per pound perhaps
averages thirty-three cents. We sell all
our weathers at from two to three Tears
old, and have received as much as Slti
per head for those that would dress for
ty pounds to the duarter, when it is worth
ten cents per pound in New York. Vie
frequently sell for from five to ten dol
lars. The wool brings about as much
per fleece as fine wool. Liecestersheep
make excellent mutton. The Lincolcs
and Cotswolds are rather large and coarsa
fiVshed. My opinion is, that for north
ern Ohio the Liecesters are better thaa
any other. Southdowns give fine mut
ton, but less of it and less wool. No
sheep keep well "oa hay alone, but all
sheep pay for shelter and grain in win
ter. Chester Palmer, of Geauga county,
5aiJ he had an experience of twenty-seven
years in wool growing. He commenc
ed with the Spanish Merino, defended
from the Wells and Dickinson flo k. Ha .
gees on the principle of raising the sheep
that will g;v? the greatest yield of fine
wool to the acre. I selected my firt
flock of ev es with particular reference
to their c : r.stitutional vigor, and crcs;ed
tbe-.n wi-.h pure Silesian bucks. The re-'-suk
.vas iLt y yielded me four pounds and
two ounces per head of clean wool. No
other is raised by me. It is net fair to
sell dirt for wool, and then say your sheep
averaged so much wool. This year. I
sheared four hundred sheep, that yield
ed five pounds, wor.h fifty cents per pound
Large, sheep cannot be herded in such
numbers as small ones, without deterior
ating lasue. His experience with the
French Merino sheep has satisfied hira
that they are not the most profitable sheep
His Spanish and Silesian sheep gave 2.5
per cent more profit than sheep raised
from his largest ewes crossed with one of
Mr Bingham's best French Merino bucks
He is decidedly in favor of fin wool, and
a csoss between Sileiian and Spaniih
Mr. Chamberlain of Clark count', said
he had been breeding Spanish Mer
for a number cf years, aud claims they
have more constitution, will I ear more
exposure, and flock together letter thaa
any other I reed. . He had flocked iho
Longwools aud the French Merinos with
the Spanish, and fouud the latter always
the best. His sixty head averaged six
and three-fourths pounds per head. Ho
sowed rye to pa?ture kis ewes on at the
season of lambing, and likes the prac
tice. Mr. Quinn, of Columbiana. Very
fine wool with him had proved a failure.
He kept the Spanish and Cotswuld breeds
and the latter took on three pounds flesh
to ona of the former. They are very
quiet, eat and lie down, while the fine
wools roam about the fields to see what
they can find, and ths work off their food.
Gets about twice as much for a Cotawcll
wether as for a Merino, and Is not insul
ted wheu he takes them to market. At
five months old his long wool lambs ara
heavier than fine wool sheep ever get to
be. Mr. Palmer was asked if he caa
keep as many to the acre as of fine wool,
to which he replied in the affimative.
Mr. Pthinls he can keep three fina
wool sheep where he could keep but ona
Mr. Quinn thinks coarse wool worth
more than farmers usually get for it.
II" usually sells his forr forty-five cents.
Hj summed up by expressing the opin
ion that coarse wooled sheep are twice
as profitable as fine.
Mr. Eastoa of Huron County, says
that those who can make mo;t by raiiing
wool, should raise fine wooled sheep.
Those who can make the most by mutton
should raise the coarse wool. This de
pends partly cn nearness to market, and
partly cn the the character of the conn
Uy. On hilly land, fine wool sheep do
the best ; bu; he thinks in a level coun
try the coarse wool do the best.
Dr. Townshend remmarked that more
fine wool sheep could be kept on an acre,
but the difference was not in proportion to
their weight. A wether that weighs two
hundred or three hundred pounds, will
eat more than a small one. The Span
ish Merino sheep is very active in its
hrbits, runs about a great deal, and needs
more food than if it was quiet. The
coarse breeds of sheep have gocd diges
tion, and hence convert a large portion of
their food into fat. The Leicester ha
a splendid digestion. I think that three
coarse wooled sheep will eat about the
same as four of fine.
Unity results from compression ; union
from attraction, A barrel is a forced
unity, and falls into pieces at the break
ing of the hoop3 ; a lake is a union frcia
an inner life, and exists because every
water drop loves every other. . May or
No man's soul is alone ; Laoccca cr
Tobit. the serpent has it by the heart, cr
the angel by the hand.
Powered by Open ONI