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About Nebraska advertiser. (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View Entire Issue (March 8, 1860)
rctusnED rvxnr Thursday ur
; FUBNAS Cz LYANNA,
'geooad Story Hoadlex'a ElocJc, Main Strett,
fromtr,'lf P,lJ 5vnce, .... 2 00
if paid attbe eudof 6 niutitba 2 60
11 3 00 i
Clb of H r jre will te furtileO at $1 6o per i
,ni''B- trowmta uc uta &ip ante ll vrdti, cot
I t J
! , 5 i
i'UZ ! ! f
V: V vy Avy . , y sy
"Free to Form and Reflate ALL tliclr Domestic Institutions In tLclr om way, subject cnlj to the Constitution of the United States."
BROWN V I LLE, NEBRASKA , THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 1860.
riivrrrn 02 adv.-.
KdcU nuuijuii i;it'M;i.D, - - - -
U.!6 xjcura, nut ui'.JiUi. - - - - -Ujioe.-
CirJa or ix nut.- or less, c- J'
0H C 'I -tin trie yer, --Oue-U
nf C-jI unia jae jear, - -
O ie fuurth Cy i un:u we y f r, - - -Onecutith
Ciuiuu ui.e j er, -
Oat OiiuBin ix iuvii'M, . -
Ono hall C-'luicn six jn;jj, - -
Oae fourth C -ina :x iintt, " -Ouc
eubi C 'luuiu n - -
One C : urjirj ttsree uilIjU.3, - - - -'Je
fcilf C :"iun tLre L-i. cits, -
jae fviurtli Cjlunui ltree ii!'itit2., -DiCUhTh
Ci)!i!m:i tLrc e n T.tL. - -
- U 3
. - MJ
. S.' V
. 8 M
. S') C'l
- J J ca
- 5 C'J
u. c. Jon:soir,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY
Heal t: stale Acr.t,
b now n villi:, n. v.
B.S.Unt!y, " .
John C. Miller. Chicago, 111.
Chwleii f. Kowler,
- o V.Firni,tJfiKrnriU,N.T.
(Jabinst 6 WagonHaker
Vxin ti-o,.S. Sixth ni 8erexitlit
nnou viK, .t.
Ulti'it' f jibinet wirk Menly execnted.
lj lpilflafof wii n' etc.. prompt ly J nf.
. J. B. WESTON.
ATTORUEY AT LAW,
---0c; on Xh.a Street, one Cor abuve the
fUwnvine, Prcember 1, 1SS9.
" C. WTWHEELER,
Arcliitect and Builder.
Brownvillo U. T.
MRS. MAUY HEWUTT
U'lUHER A1ID DRESS f.lAKER.
xfti Tr turnings always on hand.
JAMBS W. GIBSON,
Second t.rert bet-ww-n Main nd Nbrk ;
T. M. TALBOTT,
Havinz lated hiraelf iu HrownviUp. N. TM tcu--4er.
tlirofion-l forrkes to tbccommun-tjr.
Jill job warranted.
Havirur permanently located in
For the practice of Medicine and Sorcery, ten-
4eri hU urofMi.n1 service to the afflicted.
Offl on Main Strret. n)Z3v3
A. S. HO L LAD AY, M V.
Kpfctfnliy Jnf..rro hiK fiJe'd in Bnwnvilie and
mn.ednif Ticiniiy ibil lie ba remnied U.e pmciire , t
Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics,
. hopen.by trict ticitijn to hiTprofenlon, to receive
4thitRfBeruipatr.m;iaetieretofo e rx'ciiJcd t hun In
ail wea where tt I pibi- r expe lient prescription
butinemi will be done Office at City Drug Slora
Keb.84.69. 25 ly
Mrs. Ili'udgen & Miss Lusk,
MILLINERS AND DRESS MAKERS,
First Street, bet. Main and Water,
Sannttt, llrad-Drtutt and Trimming cvayt on hand
L. LL JOHNSON, I.L D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office at C. C. Jobnaon" Law Offlce,
Tirt Street, between Hain and Water,
Of every description, for sale at
SCUIITZ & DEUSER'S
.Southeajtcr-er Main and Second,
TJEOWNVILLE, N. T.
Sr.t. 22.!. 1 f-n'n
JOHN W. MIDDLETON,
DnOTTXTILIa", 3T. T.
n. ItERKBT Inform tbe pnb.ic that baa
' iK-,usl hinii-elf in bU City, and W prepared
to ferve tho"e in wARt 4 anyttiinr in hU Hue.
Hf ha .elected bin stock vilb care aud will nmnrtur
Ku. 1 srtu.1 i.f earrtf,ln .-ffcred. lie deem It nn
nece.wirytoenuinerate; but m il I keep ou band evcyartl
. u.a.iy obtained In IM&0X.
Brownvtlle May 12. tu46-t'IB
w m t in.
und Emiron in
th, Br .wnfilieS eni Saw and i ift iliil. an-iMiice t
tthepui;ic tb: he i preptrci r. .cc.mim .ojir mo
i'ieu..r B.-owniil mid N'em iht C .a'y with mi
1ri.rjiiity of Umber "t all kind. Alio with tbe
Grit Mill. t e-ve all in that lln.
Tbe mtrket price at all time pld for L aidC rn
Tbeold btftne of Koet. Like. Knron wll. be
Ued br Itenry Like. All t utia bn-ineoa c nducted
V the nnderhlsne-J. KSSB VOKL.
B-nwnrllle April 7th. 186. If
sirs BOOTS il SII
JUST SUITS THE PEOPLE.
THCY ARC Or EVEUY GRADE,
Made of Good Stock.
AHD OF EVERY PRICE.
And lie ts bound to Sell f or Casli,
tor Kxchan?c tor Hides,
.Peltry. 1'aris. etc.
k:all and SEP, him if YOU WISH
TO SECURE CHOICE
L(liei..OentJeiuen Mid Children in waritof any kind
cotrni for tbe feet, nhouid iot tail t . go t lEN,
aerttbeylll Und ac iimeLe t(k ef well w-e
Et?Atjt :fl0es, 'Gaiters, and Xadie'
rch for cbpnea and excellence be r'ediCl UaJStlf
ti. U. M'flART, O. B. HEWITT. C. W. IBOJiAS.
JlcGarv, Ilowcit & Tlioinus,
ATTORKEYS AT LAW
SOLICITORS LY C1UXCERY.
'ill practice In the Court- Kebrafka,and Kortb
Xesara. Crow, McCreary A. Co.,
Hon J;ha R. Sheply,
Hon. JjQie CraiR,
fT.m. Silua v'o.-d(i n. - -
IXn. Snmuel w. Black,
S F. Nucleoli Esq.,
Cbeever Sweet & Co.,
R. W. Furna
St. Lottia, Mo.
- . Do
St. Joseph, Mo.
Brownville. X T. Oct. S3 i&ZSi.
O. It. WILCOX.
T. W BEDORl
WILCOX & BEDFORD,
a r d
EASTER IV EXCHANGE,
I 3xox'xx-7lllo, 2T. T-
Land War rants Loaned on Time
From One Month to Ten Wars,
Lind Warrant Loaned to Pre emptor; Taiet Pa;d ;
C .llecil wade; Heal Knaie BfUiibt and S.ld; Lands
L-'CNteil; and aare Investment, made for Eastern Cp-
All Lind TTarrantc sold by us are gturanted perfect
in all rcpcctl.
Acre3 of Choice Lands.
For Sale in Nemaha und Richurdiou
Thene land were elecred and latH immediately
after tbe Lund Sate, and are amoncbt tbe moot valua
ble Lmd in the Territory.
We will ell them at low price, and on lona. time to
" actual aetticrs.
WILCOX St BEDFOH.U,
Brownvllle. K. T.. Dec. 8, 1803.
JOSEPH L. ROY,
23 L 32. 33 E3
nROWWVIXLE, X. T.
Ulocks, Watches & Jewelry.
Would jnu'mnceto throitliens r,f Brawnvillc
and vicinity that be ba ii-ca'ed biinell in
K4ttkBiOwn'V)lie. alIdilltelJ keeptti a foil Hort.
Uiein l ererythtne in bis line.if bnt-inem which will
tieH.ihl low f..r i-Hb. HewMlalod all kiitits f rf
pjlrinn cl clocks, watcbe nC jewelry. All work war-
ranted. 3aiaiy. .
CITY LIVERY ST ABIE.
Announce tolbe public ihat be Ik preptrel t accoui-
m.jlaf th..i m-l.hlnff m ith f!ani:icef aiid BuCtTlCr I to-
cetber with c.d 'e blres lor comfort ainl eHelltra-
vcllinf. ne wiliaiao board hore by ihtdy. "seek or
rTERMS FA rORABLE.jgi
June 10. '68. 60tf
(Over Scigle &. (Jrecnl.MUui'a Clothing Store,)
he proprietor would rvrpectfu'lv itiform tbe pub
' st bo hajiopt-ncd npand e.tttblih d fi-r the re
tt "it of the inner mnn, at ti e almve m'-ntion'-d
place, wu.-e all can beciiumd.itrd th thebcM
of Wines and Liquo.a. and enjoj the soothing in-fluenr-e
t.f the bt qnli'y of tSearo. A firt claf
XII X-T iT A. rrf "tTiJt
1'ueUn'a I'mIciiI U'Ulii nation Cushion.-, with all the
moderm iinpn remcnta, ii ali n the prcmiea for
the enj jmi-tit if all who de'.ijrht in thin gentleinan
Ijandaci.ntifiojrame. EVAN WOUTI1INO
September 22J. 1859. nll-6m
Life Insurance Company,
Incorporated ly Vie Siaie of Connecticut.
Capital Stocli S20O.C0Q.
It invctfd undr the nctk-n and ttj proral of tbe
CoiBptroller of Public Accounts.
OlTICr.RS AND DIRECTORS:
JAMES C. WALK'.FY, IWident.
JOHN I.. IULNCE. Vice I'reaidunt.
KU iS (MIX. S.-erelary
Alfred GUI, Daniel Phillip, J r n L.Ttunce,
U. lilodget, J. A.Huller, E. D. Di -kermitn
N.Vhcatun, Sam. Coit. Nolson IL.llistcr.
S. D. riore.sfonl. M D, ConuUins rhT.ician. '
A. S. ilt'IluT M l. .Mttticai r.xnininer.
)licntiour rvei irtd bj K. W. ITKNA S. A't.
CITY TRTJIIK STORE.
FASSETT Cc CR03SLIAN,.
Traveling & Packing
VALISES, CARPET BAGS, $ C.
South West corner of Pine and 3d si's,
Saint Louis, Mo.
we are now prepared t fill all order
I tj t fin our line with promptness andonibe
' 'X&X th n"t r,,'n;'o:c teria. Onr stock i
!'1TU,T.. n(i complete ait all i.f eur own
roasuacturlng. Tho in want of article in our line,
(whole le r retail) will do wl 1 1.. Rive u a ll be-C-re
porchasina; elsewhere. A share f public ratron
afei -.iicited nl8.v?-ly
J A M KS 110(5 A N,
33 o oil- Simcierv
BLANK COOK MASUFICTUKER.
Southeast crindaud ocutsr.
ST. LOUIS, MO.
All kind of Blank B H.ks made of tbe best papfr mled
to any paticrn, and nd talAe kw (lap roved patcat
TZaA.HIES P3atODICALS. MUSIC.&c.
bouudin any tyl.nd at the aborteH notire.
Uiviup bcoa WArdod Preruitua at tle last ite
cnlct F.ir, he foj;. ouuiuent iu i3urjB lUUcUoa
to all who ni ? eiv tiB t)i.
A. CO A STABLE,
larOETEt AKD UtALttt in
IRON, STEEL, NAILS,
U.iSl'LMiS, PI.GS, AXLfciS, FiLK
BL A CKSMITH'S TOOLS
Tbl.d Street, betweeu Felix and Edmond,
SAINT JOSEPH, MO.
'WbicU beaellaai St. Liui price for cash. '
Hisbeat Price Paid for Scrap Iron.
December 1, 1S69 -ly.
ion V. r. K INSET.
CUXt. r. H0i.LT.
KINNEY & HOLLY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
N CIIll iSKA CITY, Jt T.
Will practice in he Court of ibi. Territory Collec
tion jnd .-imtnal bUMiic attended to throughout N
bratki Wcteru I wa and Mi.ourl. Will attend the
Court a; itrowtiville. 2nS3-6m
E. S. DUNDY,
ATTUUKEY AT LAW,
ARCHER, RICHARDSON CO. If. T.
WILL practice in tbe aeverai CourU of the id Jndic al
District i'iiJ iftend tiall mitter connectrd with the
Profesalon Wm McI.exxax E-i..'r N'eLrafka City,
will a.-lp-t me in ihepro.-ecutionnIlmpoiUntSi.lt.
Sept. 10. '57-1 1-1 f
OFFICE Mai St Eatof Kinney Holly' $ ojjict.
xa ora-.it a Ci-j. I . 'i
Per.onwho contemplate bni.ding can be furnished
wliUUesiftn Pi4n Specifications &c, for bnildirigfoi
aiyclafi irvtrie:y of style and the erectiin nt the
me -Tiperinteadcl if d"ired. Prompt attentloi paid
t butlue.i-f roni a distance. 6'itt
TYPE-& STEREOTYFE FOUNDRY
No. 103 Vine St.. bet. Fourth ana Fiftn.
C. F. O'UIIXSCOLL. & CO
Manufacturer and Unlfr in ew.ltiokana .lob
Tjrpu. I'rintin z Prenscf.Caget-.Hnllie .. Ac.
Inkc :n. Prinfinjr Material of Kverv Description,
STERKOTYPlNt; f tllkind Dook.- Musi.-.
Patent Medicine Dircctiocs.Jnbg. Wood Knzrevinsr?.
Ac. fc. . .
Brand and Pattern Lellcrs.varicnsstyles,
ST. JOSEPH, MO.
WILLIAM CAME HON, A. 2I. Principal.
ComDleielr oreaniied a a Mr? t class Female Bonrdln
a nd Vat School. Number limited to 125 including 25
boarder. Scholastic ye ir commenting Ornt Monday In
September For Catalogues, with (ul: particular ad-
Ire the Principal. t '
AuguM th Ib59. Tn4'f
COUNCIL BLUFFS, IOWA.
WILLIAM F. KITER,
Would re.ectfulljr inform the citirenf iu Western
Ia and Nebntfka that ho h:is oucne I a Crsi c1fs
Cinder;, aud the only one ever evtablihtd in thi.
cctioii of country. I m now prepared to dual! kinds
of work pertaining to the busine..
Ilurper .. tJnhnm a.bodcj . i'eterson a. Arthur t
ltallou'a. Frank Lc.-lio'n, Knickbocker. Wa
vcrlj, llunt'i". and Putnam'a Mnjriinc.
ew York Ledger, Itallou'r i icto-
rial. Ilarpnr'a Weekly. Scien
9 tiBo American. Vankco
Notiuna. Muica' KeTiew. Les
lie' II ustratod, Lndie Kefo.itory,
ldie Wreath, Atlantic Monthly,
JIuie, Law. Kook., and 2'ew.papcri'. or
book? of any kind, old or new, bound or r bound
in themot approTedstjle., on fhort notice and low
price. Old family Uibloj rebound so as to look and
wear cqunl to new.
August 2. 185'J. n7-ly
DKOWA & CLWTOX,
, PRODUCE DEALERS,
Forwarding & Commission
No. 78, North Levee, St. Louis. Mo.
Order for Groceries and Manufactured Articlet accu
rately filled at lowest pohRihle rate Consignment for
Kale :tnd re-bipment espectuIlT solicited. Shipment
of all kindo will be mithrully attecded to.
Mctsr. l II Rea - Co
B-rt:ett. McCtmb &Co
iibert Mile 4t Stannard
Hon. W II Uufflngton Auditor Stste of Missouri
J Q Harmon Ksn. Cairo City. 111.
Mecrf Molony, Bro' &Co Xew Orleans, LotiUlana
JDJacvin Kq., do d
Ueurt llitikle Guilds. Co, Cincinnati O.
F Hnnmsr k C' io
Bra'dell & Crawford LontTllle. Ky.
Wootlruff&IIuntlncton, thile Ala.
II. Billinas, Koq., Bear Jstown; 111.
A. D. IIIRK,
Attorney at Law,-
Land A?rat nnd Xotary I'ublic.
Rulo. Richardson Co., V. T.
WUHMcticein the C.inrti-of it dN"ebra?ka.a
f T r lin? -nd Hnnetf . VV.rkt fity
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
RZAL ESTATE AGENT
Falls 'lity. R:chard-n County Nebraska
V ' t c nrompt atteatl n tn mi irofeslont toii
ne intnsted to his rare in Ricbardsoo iml i.'j.-icicp
cotsntier; Im to the drawing i Ucedi-, r-rceniitii-i' pa
per le..e. Mvl3 '.W n4S-!tn
A. W. ELLIOTT,
Cor. Broatltvay and ITasHi Street.
ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
rrvip)r purchased the entire icarsery stock ef John
Sigperon A. Bro., I am prepared to tiler to the public
the largest and best selected Mock of Fruit Shade, and
Orr.lmcntal taee, shrubs and plant ever offered for
mlcin the West. ..Vc ; re determined toi.fTer twh in
ducements to tree planter aDd the trade as will enanre
tbeaiost entire sat Maction. Descriptive catalopucF will
be f araikbed, aud any iufortnatiou piren by vidrePblng,
A. W. KLUOTT.
Saint Lotiia, llo.
l'ovmber 35. '53-1 r.
KECRASHA CITY, ?CRn.lSKl.
T. ti. GQDDIN, Proprieior.
Repber. 29. 8M
Jmporlant to Fnmirrs.
KM'ts. Jame ;Cijl'en ii 8, n Puhii.hfr Philadel
phia .w.iil send aay Acrirultnrai Woik pi;b:ib?d in
AiCii: pofttaij, -jp. rioci;.t of tbe retail yx'.cjt.
Frcra tbe 2Icbrka Farmer
Eggs' la Winter.
Why not Lave egrs in abundaoce du
ring the winter as well as mmmer? This
question will here be clearly solred:
1st. The fowls cannot obtain insects'
meat and fo d of that nature in sufficient
quantity. 2d. They cannot obtain lime,
pounded brick, &c. to form the shell.
3d. They bare not, as a general thing,,
facilities for laying as they do in summer.
Egg hare been considered a favorite
food in all families, and still more useful
in cooking; so much so that women are
often puzzled to supply the table with
usual luxuries in the winter season. Even
men in eas-y circumstances consiJer then;
too expensive for common food.
This should not be so. Every family,
or nearly every one, can, with but little
troulle, have them in abundance during
the whole winter. Of all the animals do
mesticated for the use of man, the chicken
fowl is capable of yielding the greatest,
possible profit to the owner.
A coop five feet wiJe, six high, and
twelve long, situated on the south or east
side o' a stable or wood-house, will be
ample room for eleven hens and one cock,
which, with proper attention, will produce
six eggs daily throughout the whole win
ter; water and one qnart of corn per day
will constitute their principal food ; a
little meat, lime, and pounded brick,
should be given hem semi-occasionally ;
they shoulu have plenty of warm neats.,
and chnlk ncst-cgs from ono to three in
The eggs should be gathered every
evening, and shoulu a hen conclude to
bring forth chicks in winter, she should
be corrected of her error by a separation
of twenty-four hours. During that time
she should be imprisoned in a darkened
apartment. After being released by her
governor, she will rejoice over her liber
ation, and in a lesstirae than a week, she
will begin to sing her little tune, in about
the key of C natural, and lay eggs.
The singing hen will cerninly lay
eggs if she finds all things agreeable; but
she is as watchful as a weasel, and as
fastidious as a hypocrite. She is deter
mined to have secrecy and mystery about
her nest ; all eyes but her own must be
adverted. She is best pleased with a box
similar to a candle or hardware box,
turned upside down on the ground, with
a back-side aperture and side-door by
which she can escape un&een.
I have often heard it said that wheat is
the best grain for chicken; but I doubt
it. It may be good for young chicks, but
as my present bounds will not admit of
feeding and successful culture of chicks, I
will say that they will sing over Indiau
corn with more animation.
Laying hens nust have lime, or their
eggs will be without shells; I have often
watched the old care worn hens come in
the kitchen, as if duty bound, and pick
the lime, plastering, and old rubbish from
the wall. If 3"ou should floor your coop
with saw dust, and give them nothing of
a limed nature for two weeks, their eggs
would all be without shells; but is a dan
gerous experiment to the hens.
You should chooie eleven large fine
looking Dunghill hens about two years
old ; not Shanghais but with large heads
and combs; aUo with an ambitious and
animated look. The cock should be of a
different stock and about three years old,
with a large body, small hea I. jet black
eyes and beak, and straight spurs. Such
an one would acquire the respect and es
teem of all the hens, and be a competent
protector from intruders. He would in a
short time after reaching his new heme,
iutroduce himself to his numerous mates,
and proudly defy to the top of ,his voice
all of his kind against intruding upon his
If there should be one of his kind and
nature under the sound of his voice, he
would come forward and meet the en
battled foe, and ten chances to one he
would go back very much fatigued, and
feel the consequences of his bold adven
ture. He will not come again; if he
does, it will be only for a temporary
quarrel, which will suit the old protector
in giving himself a chance to display his
graceful maneuvers in the presence of
The above is founded upon facts and
my own experience, and if any further
information should be desired in regard
tocurin the chicken, cholera gapes. Sec,
&.c.;.nb-o:a suecessftd'culture of this de
partment of.agicullure, I will give it vith
cheerfulness. J. W.
When is a farmer v?ry juaternal?--Whea
he craJIej his graia.
Cows vs. Siiccp.
A Canadian farmer talks on this sub
ject. He tays nothing pays better than
cows, if the farmer lives near a town and
can sell milk, but farmers liring at a dis
tance from town and near arailrcad.have
a question to solve which is most profit
ablecows or sheep? He talks as fol
lows: I will take a cow valued at $20, and
calculate her year's produce in butter at
130 lbs., at 12 1 2 cents per lb. I consi
der that one cow will eat as much as five
sheep, therefore, I will take five lambs at
si2 iach; they will shear 30 lbs. of wool
at 27c. p lb., and increase in weight to
the amount of S2 each ; the capital need
ed is only one-half. Their profits would
stand as follows: ,
Ccw 130 lbs. butter, at 12 12 c. $16.25
Lambs Wool, 30 lbs. at 25c. p.
lb.; increase in value, $2 each;
interest on $10 at 10 p. cent,$l 18.50
Balance in favor of sheep 2.25
Some would say that the milk is a great
consideration. True, so is labor. What
man, woman, or child would bring the
cow from the field, milk, chum and mar
ket the butter for the milk? None.
We will take it ia another way. Sup
pose we wanted to .aise stock, the cow
would produce as much butter, and the
calf could be raised with the milk. Her
butter, at the same rate as above, would
be $16.25. Take five ewes valued at $4
each, they would raise five lambs and
shear 4 lbs. wool each at 35c, $5; at 18
months old the lambs would be worth $20.
The cow's offspring would be worth
about $12. The account would stand
something like this:
Cow First year's butter $16.25
Her offspring at 18 in. old 12.C0
wool $5. CO
5 Iambs' wool 7.50
5 lambs valued at S4 each 20.00
Balance in favor of sheep
for raising stock S 4.25
There is another consideration in favor
of sheep. In the first instance, a person
only wants half the capital, which 13 a
great consideration to some ; in the sec
ond instance, sheep at IS months old are
fit either for the butcher or for raising
stock. : The cow's ofispring. on the con
trary, is neither fit for the one or the
What Constitutes Legal Unsound
ness In. Horses.
A Knee-Sprung horse can hardly be
said to be uusound. He may be a very
fast horse, and can mcure with ease the
labor of any common, ordinary horse, al
though there is an alteration of structure
which unfits him for the race course.
This would not be likely to produce dis
ease or lameness; he would be more like
ly to grow better than worse, if used for
common purposes. But. if so bad as to
produce stumbling and falling, he would be
unsound, and a warranty should be taken
out against surh defects.
Copped Hocks cannot be considered un
soundness, if produced by an uneven sta
ble floor, or by kicking; but if produced
by a sprain, aud a permanent thickening
aud enlargment of th,e membranes, there
would be unsoundness. A special warran
ty should be required in such cases.
Contraction of the Hoof is a considera
ble deviation from the natural form of
the foot, but does not necessarily consti
tute unsoundness. It requires, however,
a most careful examination by the pur
chaser, to ascertain that there is no fever
or ossification of the cartilage ; that the
froi: is not diseased ; that the animal is
not tender footed or lame. Unless some
of these symptoms are indicated, he must
not be considered unsound. A special
warranty should be required, where the
feet are contracted.
Corns manifestly constitute unsound
ness. Although (on men lay much stress
on this malady, stiil much inconvenience,
and manv times serious difficulties, must
be encountered by them, as tbey are sel
dom thorougly cured. Many horses are
almost constantly lame with corns, through
a scrofulous habit of the system. A war
ranty against such, animals would besafe.
Trembling Knees. This cannot be con
sidered unsoundness; yet it is a precur
sory symptom of "knee sprung. Trem
bling of the knees, after a smart exer
exercise, indicates weakness, and should
be regarded as objectionable.
A Covgh consiitutes unsoundness, how
ever slight or of short standing. If a
horse is noticed to cough before the pur
chase, or immediately afterward, he is
diseased ; but if warranted sound and the
cough is not discovered till one or two
days afterward, he is cot returnable: for
a few hours is sufficient to contract a
cough, by taking cold while standing in a
damp, musty stable, or by eating differ
ent feed, musty hay, &c.
Roaring,, Wheezing or Whistling, is
unsoundness, being the result of altera
tion of structure, or disease of the air
passages. Although there have been de
cisions to the contrary, courts and juries
are often at a loss, fur the want of intel
ligent witnesses ;and if a veterinary sur
geon i? called to the stand, not haring
seen the animal, he is liable to be-ciista-ken
from .misrepresentation. Broken
Wind is still more decidedly unsound
ness. Crib Biting. A difference of opinion
exits as to this being, unsoundness, and
courts have given opposite decisions in re
spect to i. There are crjbberj that can
sea ret ly ha said to be unsound, as they
arc net perceptibly injured, and it does
no: interfere with their condition or en
durance. Others inhale and swallow a
great amount of wind ; they bloat and are
subject to colic, which interferes with there
health an i strength; this would consti
tute unsoundness. A warranty should
always be taken against injury from crib
Ling; then if he breaks his teeth or in
juries himself, recompense may be had.
Cur& constitutes unsoundness, ai long
as it lasts, and perhaps while tbe swelling
remains, ah??oi)ghno inflammation exists;
for a horse that has once thrown out a
curb, is liable to do so again on the slight
est exertion. A hor.e, howtver, should
not be returned, if he spring a curb five
minutes after purchase, for it is done in
a moment, and does not indicate any pre
Instructions for Collecting and
Birds' iests niiu
The following details will be
contain all the instructions necessary to
the preparation and preservation of oolo
Tho nests of birds are to be sought for
in all localities and in various months of
tbe year, according to the latitude, May
and June being generally the most pro
ductive. Many of the rapacious birds,
however, begin to lay much earlier in the
middle States, even in February and
When a nest containing eggs, or one
newly constructed, is discovered, it should
not be disturbed, if possible, before the
parents have, been observed hovering
around or near, and thu3 identified. It
the species cannot be otherwise positive
ly determined, a parent bird should be
secured, and either the whole skin be
prepared, or a portion as the head or
wing preserved for identification. The
-S23.25 bird may also be thrown into alcohol, and
thus easily kept.
The services of boy3 and other persons
on farms, plantations. cc, may be called
to great advantage into requisition in
collecting eggs. Whenever they hai'e
found a nest, however, it should not be
disturbed before information is commu
nicated to and the spot visited by some
one competent to determine the species,
unless the parents can be taken with the
nest. No pains should be considered too
great to secure the certain identification
of ea.h set of eggs. If this identification
should be impossible, however, the eggs
should still be preserved, as the species
can usually be approximated to, if notab-
ii t i t
soiuteiy determined, oy an expert ocicg
ht. Sometimes by removing all the eggs in
a nest, except one or two, without handl
ing those left, quite a large number can
be obtained from one pair of birds; gen
erally, however, the nest will be found
abandoned on a second visit.
The nests may not always be remova
ble. In such cases, full mention of their
position, character, &c, should be care
fully made. Nests constructed in bushes
or on trees usually nepd but slight pre
cautions for their preservation intact.
Those on the ground often require to be
secured against dropping to pieces by a
little'judicious tying together, or even by
a few coarse stitches with a thread and
A little cotton packed in the nest above
the eggs will generally keep the latter
whole until reaching home, unless sub
jected to ax violent shock. It will be saf
er, however, to enclose each one in an
envelope of cotton.
It is absolutely necessary, in all cases,
to empty every egg of its contents, in or
der to preserve the shell for cabinet pur
poses; and this should be done at the
earliest moment possible. This is accom
plished in various ways: the simplest,
when the egg does not contain a young
bird, being to prick a small aperture at
each end (or better, perhaps, on opposite
sides,) with a sharp needle, (a three
cornered one answers best,) one raiher
th larger, through which the contents
are blown by the application of the mouth
at the other. Delicate eggs, however,
when fresh, can be best emptied by suc
tion, a small quantity at a time of the
contents being drawn into the mouth, and
Should there be an embryo in the egg.
or should the contents have become thick
ened by long standing, it will be necessa
ry to make a larger aperture in the side
by pricking out a circular piece of shell
carefully with the needle. A similar hole
may then be made opposite to tbi3, at
which to apply the mouth in blowing, or
tLe embryo may be pickeJ out through a
sinnle large hole. It will be of much in
terest to preserve all embryos in alcohol
fcr further investigation.
Europeans collectors usually make two
small apertures close to each other on one
side, iastead of on opposite sides. The
dischirge of the contents of the egg is fa
cilitated by the use of a small conical
blow-pipe or tube, the smaller end so fine
as to enter the smaller aperture. A
A stream of water injected by the mouth
through the tube into the aperture will
be found an expeditious wethod of emp
tying the egg, but it must be conducted
very carefully. When a large hole is
made, the tube may be directed through
it to the opposite side of the egg.' and a
current of water forced in this will soon
riisfltarge the contents. .Whpn practica
ble, the white "mbrnr.p, the .edge cf
which usually protrudes from the open
ing after the liquids are forced out.
should be seized with a pair of forceps j
and pulled out. sis, if left, it may cjicolor
the egg, anl will always attract inserts
or by laying cue htde against a saucer cf"
water and sucking through the c:h:r, at.d
carefully rmsed'eut. Alter the water, i
acain blown cut, the egg rr.ay be
to dry by placing tho larger hclc d;wn
a t i
wards on Llottmg cr pLscrbent
replaced in the est, .cr laid carefully
away, care temg liken to egJ a numier
or other mark, showing the bcaii'.v. dile.
- 4t w
rvo remove-::, cr,
reiationsnin to an emtrvo remove:' cr.t.i
any portion of the parent preserved. Jl
will in most cases be ben to srive c-;.:'1t
the same number to
marii may be ma-ie ntat.y cn the vz:,
(best with ink and a quill pen,) cr v.i :
label carefully paclvtd with them. A re
cord book showing what has leen -uk;a
and preserved, with dates and exp'i;.a53
ry remarks, should always le kept.
In making the apertures in CL'g3 that
have peculiar markings, care shc-u'd b
taken to select seme inccnspicucua sct
that will leave the puitern cf coloration
undisturbed JCrgi that are cracked iniiy
be greatly strengthened by pasting tissue
or other thin paper along the line of in
jury, or what is easier, and in mo?t case
even better, ty brushing collodion, along
and over the cracks. It is often well to
cover thn punctures cr holes cut cut, es
pecially if large, vri;h thin paper cr c,Ii
beater's skin. If a piece be removed, it
can usually beea-ily replaced and kept ia
by pastiug ihm ppr ever it and the iua
of separation, or around the Utter. . ;;
Notwithstanding th.2 apparent fragility
of eggs, .a very little experience will en
able any one to en,c:y them cf their con
tents with great ease and safety. Th
principal accident to be guarded agr.i:t
is that of crushing the. egg by too great a
pressure between the fingers; thcs3
should be applied so as to barely hold th?
egg, and no marc. If "the operaiicn c
emptying be performed ever a full basia
of water, the occasional dropping cf th-?
egg from the linger into ihe water will
Le attended wiih no harm.
To pace eggs for transportation, eac!
cne should be wrapped iuto a light envei
lope of. cotton and layed dawn in layer's"
separated ty strata cf cottcn. They
should be kept in rather small boxes cf.
wood, or if pasteboard be used, these '
should always be transmitted in woodea
boxes, asthe eggs are thereby less likely
to be broken by a sudden jar or shock." If
the- nest is sent along, it may remain the
pggs bclcagingto it, each cne wrapped in
cotton, and tEe vacancy .ef the,nest filled
whh the same cr other light elastic mi
terial. It will be well to pin or tie .up
each nest ia.pap?r tj keep it secure, aui
to prevent entangling of the matcrialj
when several are laid together. A tem:
porary box may often be readily ccm::rr
ted ct pasteboard to contain the more de
licate or valualle ones.
Whenever practicable, the embrya cr
young found in the rgg sLci.Id be careful,
ly preserved m alcohol, great care beir
of course taken to mark the specimens
properly The better plan will be to keep
each set in a small bottle or vial, and- a
slip of stiff paper or parchment placed in-
side with the number or name. When
ever the abundant of the eggs will au:h
orize it, a hrgo number with the ycun
in different degrees of development, even
as many as fifty of a kind, should bo se
cured. The embryos in this case need
not be removed from the egg, which
should, however, be cracked at the blunt
end to facilitate the entrance of the spirit.
Researches at present in progress relat
ing to the embryology cf birds, promise
results of the high: importance ia refer
ence to ornithological classification,
Snake Worship In Africa.
According to the correspondent- cf tho
Gorton Pat, now in Africa, the people
there have some curious ideas ca rcIiou3
The chief cb-ects cf worship in WhyJuh
re snakes and a larg? ccttonwosd tree,'
The snakes are of the bca species, end
are frcm five to fifteen feet long. Voa
can almcst always see them crawling ia
the streets. When the natives see them,
they fall and kijs the earth. They arc"
pefectly harmless, as I have often sccu
the natives take them up and carry thera
back to the fetish-houie. It is not at all
unfrcquent to find them on the mat a!on"-"
side of you in the morning, a3 the hutV
are without door3. I had my I edgings
what was once called an English fcrt,.b-t'
i3 now in ruins, and is a favorite resort of.
snakes. I never found one in ny room,
but one morning upen looking ia the '
room adjoining mine, I found one almost.
seven feet long. The penalty for killing
one is for a white person the price cf
sixty slave3, now $-1,200. For a native, '
he is shut up in a bamboo house, and tie
house i3 set on fire. The poor fellow has.
the privilege of getting cut if he can aid.
run for the lagoon a distance of two miles
followed by the mob, and if he reaches"1
the water he is free. But very feiv avail .
themselves of this water cure. Jt is
great dodge with the fetish-man, i: he
knows you are averse to this kind cf god
to bring them near your house and put
them down knowing that they will en:er
and he will be sent for to lake it awav fcr :
which he gets a few strings of cowrie;!,
If not ioo small, the egg .ould then be
was there a rv'z In d !nv
cf Moses? Because there was ri'4 eu oa
ibe. l ank, and Pharaoh's d ughter with
drew a valuable deposit,
Wi.r.t color i s a.',
partly filled with :ater through the tube ! Invichte (vi.let.)
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