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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 1, 1914)
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Reliable and Full of Ufa
Marfala hMtlrfHfrwaitaliiaaa. A (.I.I1
In the Field of Agriculture
AN OBJECT LESSON IN GOOD
In an interesCing circular under
the title of "Bread From Stones," Dr.
Cyril G. Hopkins, chief of agronomy
and chemistry of the University of
Illinois agricultural experiment sta
tion, tells the story of the reclam
mation by scientific methods of a
southern Illinois farm, which he pur
chased at a cost of less than $20 an
acre in November, 1903. It com
prised 300 acres of poor gray prairie
land (the commonest type of soil in
about twenty counties in that part of
the state) and a few acres of timber
land. It was christened "Poorland
Farm" by those who knew of its im
poverished condition, and the name
finally adopted as the farm name.
In 1913 a 40-acre field of this farm
produced 1,320 bushels of wheat.
This particular forty acres was
bought at $15 an acre. It had been
agriculturally abandoned for five
years prior to 1904, and was cov
ered with a scant growth of red
sorrel, poverty grass and weeds.
During the subsequent ten years,
this field has been cropped with a
six-year rotation, including one year
each of corn, oats (or cowpeas), and
wheat, and three years of meadow
and pasture with clover and timothy.
A fairly good stand of volunteer
clover appeared with the oats in
1911 and this was allowed to pro
duce a crop of clover hay in 1912,
wheat being seeded in the fall of that
year for the 1913 crop.
During the ten years, about four
ton per acre of ground limestone
and two tons per acre of fine-ground
raw rock phosphate have been ap
plied to thirty-seven acres of this
field. Two applications have been
made of each material; the phos
phate was plowed down for the corn
crops of 1904 and 1910, and the
limestone' was applied in the fall and
winter of 3 904-5 and after the
ground 'was plowed for the wheat in
tho fall of 1912.
The 'entire 40-acre field was cov
ered tv;ith one uniform application of
six loads per acre of farm manure, a
50-bus'hel spreader being used for
A six-rod strip extending entirely
across the field (80 rods) received
the same application of manure and
thcsame rotation of crops as the re
maining 37 acres, but no phosphate
was applied to this strip, and no
limestone was applied to it until the
fall of 1912, when the regular ap
plication (about 2 tons per acre) was
made to one-half (3 rods) of the 6
Only 39 acres of this field were
seeded to wheat in the fall of 1912,
a lane having been fenced off on one
side, and the 1,320 bushels were pro
duced from the 39 acres. The actual
yields were as follows:
One and one-half acres with farm
manure alone produced 11 & bushels
per acre; iVz acres with farm ma
nure and one application of ground
I limestone produced 15 bushels per
acre; 36 acres with farm manure and
two iipiJiiuuuoiiH ol gruuuu iiiucHiune
and two of fine-ground phosphate
produced 352 bushels per acre.
Dr. Hopkins says that "Poorland
Farm" is in no sense an experiment
station, and neither is it a "show"
farm. No high-priced or artificial
commercial fertilizers are used. The
farm is operated solely from the
economic standpoint, and the results
secured show conclusively that In
telligent permanent soil improve
ment on land that must or will be
farmed is both the safest and most
profitable investment open to the
farmer and the land owner.
The average annual cost for the
limestone and phosphate spread on
the field was $1.75 per acre, and this
average annual investment resulted
in the increase of 24 bushels of wheat
per acde in 1913. Thus, It may be
said, that the previous applications
of these two natural rocks, or stones,
brought about the production in 1913
of 8C4 bushels of wheat, an amount
sufficient to furnish a year's supply
of bread for moro than a hundred
The Hinge-Door Silo
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tight, like a bottle; prevents silage
from freezing in winter and dry
ing out in summer. Doors open
and close easier than barn doors.
Can't sag, stick or freeze in. It is
the best silo and is made from the
Write Today for Our Silo
Book -Mailed Free
Features Hinge-Door and
Also famous Silberzahn Cutter
Address nearest branch, Dept. A
Woods Bros. Silo & Mfg. Co.
General Office: Lincoln, Nebraska
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Charlotte, N C.
TESTING SEED COIIX
The testing of each ear that will
be used for seed is not such a difficult
task, and may be accomplished much
more easily than imagined. This Is
done by securing a box about 30
inches square and 3 or 4 inches deep,
filling the box full of sand. Then
drive nails or tacks 2 1-2 inches apart
all. the way around the edges of the
box and over these nails stretch a
string back and forth so as to mark
the box off in 2 1-2 inch squares.
The squares are then numbered on
the edge of the box. The ears of corn
to be tested are then laid onthe floor,
if no rack is available, numbered,
and ten kernels removed from va
rious parts of the ear. They are
placed in the same point downward
so as to be about 1-2 inch below the
surface. A very good method of
numbering the ears is to pin bits of
paper to the butts of the ears. This
can bo done very easily with ordi
nary pins. The kernels from ear No.
1 are now put in square No. 1, ear
wo. a in square No. 2, etc. The box
of sand containing the corn is then
thoroughly .saturated with water at
about blood heat, covered with old
sacks or carpet, and placed near the
stove or open fire, where it is moist
ened down dally to hasten germina
tion. The temperataro should bo
kept between 75 and 90 degrees If
HOW TO RAISE EARLY POTATOES
Irish potatoes on the early market
always bring fancy prices, anywhere
from $3 to $5 per barrel. As to get
ting them early, at least a few weeks
earlier than the majority of growers,
a Virginia farmer gives an interest
ing experience in a current issue of
tho Farm Life:
"The first thing of importance is
the proper kind of soil. It should be
of a medium light, sandy nature,
neither too stiff nor too light, in a
fairly good state of fertilization.
Land which raises good cabbago will
raise good potatoes, I have found.
Experience has taught mo that there
is no use to expect a largo crop of
potatoes from poor, unfertile soH, no
matter how largo an amount of fer
tilizer wo may use. An ideal placo
for a patch is an old garden spot that
PRIZE C0LLECTIAM "jui-M'l
wWth Ifo: l,ttr, 1 ' kind, wnrtk IVr'jl
Tewiatue, II the iflnwt, worth 20c: Tamlp.il
'nplendld. worth lOoi OnUn. 8 bet varlatiM.1
wonn io: w nprinr riowfriaff llalkr.1
wortno-or varlotle In alls wort H.C9.
VUAKAHTKED TO PLEASE.
Write today t mention thla paper.
SEND 10 CENTS
I to cover mhuro and packing- and rerebre
inij innimi roiwruoa f .! pvttaaM, to-1
BUiunr wiwi rojr Dig instructive, IxMtHU
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.DM" rmini jL.ua" Heeds, riant, etc
Ilockrord flood Karma
Farm GO Kockford. ZlL
riold liberal croDA
under normal eon
dltlons.They are teat
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i i i.jr usiuiuuowiKiuiUi fur
m'kZyJ nenrly 0 years wo have aup
yPtWplied " worth-while " soeds.
iJSg Try These Sure
to become acnualnUd. Onaracfcttaaehof
Giant Mixed imli. Nntit Mind RkmI
T$,Vtlf Head Lttiuc andTwaniyDar IUdlOi. '
Each oolUctlon conu In a "coupon envalotia
worth 'lie with fntnro ordari. A total t f
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Ji AJmJLI ' " ! (WU III VVUI,UU
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quti. scenra your fxiay.-
Currie Bros. Co.
W avsi Broadway
D. W. Jenkln. Monroe.
.. wrlunir about hi rmo
of lloi; 1'aaturo Mlxteru.
rruiTB! "When the Daature was
At ita best thohoen would atar
taepaeturo Instead of cora-
r tor corn, tub miitore
proved to be Inat tho thlncr in the
tout place No fanner can make
a jHlitako by Bowing It.
Hog Pasture Mixture
prouucci in mo not or cry tnmmtt wliea
other ntuiturca nro abort mid feed la scara.
Can bo olnntcd in summer for fall feedlncr.
Great for slock of nil kind. Crowa ntilrlilv
produces bier tonnace of flno creen fodder
when it is needed most. Write today for prices
also free book of Garden And Held Boeda.
nWSWOLD SEED COMPANY
242 So. Wth St.p Lincoln, Nmk
UJPLISXJ 1 jMl
HEATS TIIK WOULD
Grown in llic (;reit Missouri Valley. & sample
packets 10c o tpn d. Circular dcxcrlbiiiK free.
L. N. CRILL SEED CO.
ELK POINT SOUTH DAKOTA
la the past 27 years we have eatlsfltd
inousanas ui cusiumcra witn our twr naaaif
the law of any togPJSXg
Our new, ,915 copy. ItvllUervetobtlp
Garden &y yon platwyourarden tliUyear.
Book mZP "' tvjA 0,i " cpy tlte' CB
it &&9 reqneat, either in EnaJUh or Geraaa.
GERMAN MURSEniEG&SEED HOUSE
4'- orrniAH BLD.(CarlSoodeTetiCT)BrATaiCf . Nita.
CHILDS' GIANT SUMMER COSMOS
is positively the moit tuperb
and beautiful ftden flower
lnorr ISIooins profutely from
J me to No., each plant pro
ducing thomaudt of Aovretl,
larger and more exquisite than
Hie fall Cosmos, white, bluth,
pink.r&se,- rimton.etc. Thrivea
anywhere fincM'cut Cower for
ates, et:. Mailed for
lO v.tu. r plit., in
cludtoz S othtr liadiff
A m eiits frtttr trial, U.:
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Cr.tit of all Asters.
Jnnar. Orchld-tld., superb new
X'rliHrnse, New Clant White.
Petunia. Hriltlant Besutr.
All thest Six le.xdins Sad Xeviltltt for ahIt JO ct.,
together with Nrtes on Cfiihiire, CaUlone. Flral Hints, etc.
Our lit CjttljfHO of Flprcrand V. Seeds, Bulbs,
Plant and rire new Vrultsrr to all to .ippljr. Ve e the
1itzrstcromln the vrorllof Cnadiolt,Onnas, Dalilias, UUs,
Iris, etc., and our atocUs are I st and clteapest. ,
10HN LEWIS CHILDS. Fkl Park, N. Y, J,