Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 1, 1914)
VOL, 14, NO. 2
' T 4
has been steadily improved from
year to year. Land where crimson
clover has been fallowed under for
several years in succession makes an
ideal place for 'spuds.' After select
ing the place for the patch it should
bo broken deeply during the month
of Decombor, If possible, If not, early
in January. Leave it after breaking,
until you are ready to plant, which
should be between the first and
fifteenth of February in this section
of the country, if weather conditions
are favorable. Wo manure the patch
broadcast with manure from the hog
pen or finely pulverized stable
manure. In this way not so much
manure will be needed In the row at
planting time. When ready to plant,
I replow the land and disk with
harrow until a finely pulverized con
dition. Then lay off the rows three
and one-half feet apart, using a one
horso turn 'plow with large-sized
mold board. As for seed, "Early
Rose" was used. We cut from one
to two eyes, using all the potato. The
larger the piece the better the germ
ination and the start the young plant
will have. Cut two eyes if possible.
Drop the pieces about twelve inches
apart in the rows, and then nearly
fill the row with good rotten manure
(manure from the hog pen pre
ferred). Then with the turn plow
throw two good furrows on the
"As soon as all indications of win
ter are past, drag down these rows
until they are level, or nearly so. As
soon as the young potatoes begin to
show above the rows, sow a good
potato fertilizer, a grade that con
tains a goodly percentage of potash,
on each side of the row at the rate of
600 to 800 pounds per acre.
"Cultivate shallow and frequently
until the crop is laid by. At the last
working, use a larger sized hoe to
throw somo soil close up to the
plants. Never throw great amounts
of soil around them."
The above methods can be adapted
to conditions in other sections of the
country by changing the date of
planting for northern or southern
latitudes. The writer points out that
in his section earlier potatoes can be
secured by planting in February than
in March. He says that potatoes
planted In February start off and be
gin to grow, If covered with two good
furrows, although the winter Is cold.
There the ground freezes down to
the manure. Although too cold for
young potatoes to come up, the
pieces sprout and roots and- young
potatoes begin to form quickly. Try
a small patch under this method and
compare results with your old way of
I'ltUXIXG THE APPLE TREE
That a knowledge of the structure
and nature of a tree is essential to
every person who undertakes to
prune, when the object of the work is
not only to shape the tree, but to di
rectly induce the same to bear fruit
of commercial value, is tho opinion
of Prof. W. H. Lawrence, horticultur
ist of the Arizona experiment station.
An examination of a bearing tree will
reveal the presence of branches of all
sizes, a large number of dormant buds
and many buds in various stages of
development. There is a constant
strife between these buds and the
branches, since there are a much
greater number of each of them than
the tree has any use for or can sup
port. Unless assistance is rendered
tho treo by the removal of these
limbs and buds, much of the strength
of the plant is wasted in the produc
tion of parts that are useless, with
the results, the frnit will be small, of
poor quality, and characteristic of
crops. To train trees perfectly they
must bo pruned at least once a year.
The amount of pruning, tho number
of times and the times of the year
that the work must be done, varies
with different climatic conditions,
soil, culture, varieties and ages of the
To secure tho desired results the
primer must be able to study the treeT
and the factors influencing It, and tell
why, how and when pruning must be
dono to correct the undesirable con-
r i ire wrmm .hhium n.i i
600,000 FLOWER FOLKS
F?Atx1 Tnrr'm MnwiiM Tlui1- ..... . -m . .
ThtThra litl, t7 flna Bitli,
n.Dii Pn.k'. 1,'ia. n...i.. . . .. .. aceus,
Park's Floral Maflazine orYtfiffi
girt?!6 brlBbt 4ra,ct,Cftl- Tho "Se"towM&htnWM,SJk
100 Gladiolus Frce.S iSi BKSVTiif lVli5,0, nnil. 1M1 M1 you-
bulb.and Marine a year. hWtJS
WWIiaiUUt.lt.I.r.. Hf, ""' ,
S lti4 ttalM. S ttlirt. IS. lll 8tft Frtt.)
LT? .WW. ""b ,' ffS" ' J" 5'pral MnRMlno 1 war and 10 packets Choice Fin. h7j. T- ,n
,.. , ., ,nw, , onlJ , c,, 8r Mh Uu M M.krti.Viih M.??.ZVSi.t"
- i "-
GEO. W.PARK. Bl. La Park, Pa.
$60 A WEEK and Expenses
Tht' tho monoy you ihouM got this ictr. I mi.n It. I n p cA. ...
.,... ""-. "" '"'i"r.: "". by." '" J'": n ". I wn Coantr KI. M.-. -i.i.
... u. nviuninwi IWIIOVO lit 1110 S(UrO Ufal. WllO Wilt EO Into nurtn.rel.ln T -.l.i. "'""-
pcrlenro nreiled. My folillne llalh Tuli tiki Tukcn , th JKu PMHjerhlp w th me. No ex
MMI roll. lutnUy n unibrolu! 1 .11 Tolt'reJt OuV-Iti n l? f. J00" VMa
.. SStSHSL S IP? r P? Month
"lnuluojj ot your own.
H. S. ROBINSON
236 Vanco St., Toledo, 0.
Walkorsvill , Ont, Canada
. - tltlla cplut
. nsMed. I grant ere-
fin. ii&i . ..&
i. iv,.?k . ,oa uP-Don' t doubt-
n"TP"crg for trM,WoOffe?0y,Klu,,Ju,t ttam
ditlons or characteristics. The most
important rules that can bo followed
are to prune regularly and lightly,
tho work to bo done at least once and
preferably twice, a year. In practic
ing both winter and summer pruning,
excellent results are obtained when
conditions are such as to require
The time to prune varies for differ
ent varieties grown under the same
conditions and the same variety
grown under different climatic condi
tions. In general, vigorous growers
and shy bearers should be pruned
during the summer, while thi slow
growing and heavy bearing ones
should be pruned during the winter.
When pruning at any time of the
year the important facts to remember
are, winter pruning has a tendency to
produce wood growth at the expense
of fruit production; both winter
pruning and heavy summer pruning,
or summer pruning done at the
wrong time, has a tendency to make
a tree non-productive, while summer
pruning, if done at tho right time,
and judiciously, will tend to produce
heavy fruit production with a corre
sponding decrease in the production
of stem and foliage.
CATTLEMEN MOST PROSPEROUS
In an address before a farmers' in
stitute, W. A. Cochel, chief animal
husbandman at the Kansas agricul
tural college, said that the reason
why cattlemen were usually the most
prosperous farmers is because they
are growing more corn, more oats,
and more hay to the acre than the
men who grow grain only. It is not
necessarily because they are making
a big profit on their beef. The rea
son why they are getting better yields
of corn and oats is because they are
building up the fertility of their
farms, the professor told the farmers.
Cattle form a market for the waste
products of grain farming. The
wheat farmer often burns straw.
The best farmer feeds it, and thus
puts his straw on the market and
also increases the fertility of his land.
Prof. Cochel urged the growing of
more live stock. There has been a
consistent, steady advance in the
price of beef for the last forty years,
he says, and there is nothing that
can be seen which indicates that beef
will be any cheaper in the future than
it is at present.
WINTER FEED FOR FOWLS
An ample as well as a varied sup
ply of green feed fed to hens during
the winter is important for the health
of the fowls. This value does not lie
in the amount of nutriment it con
tains, but as an agent of digestion.
Fowls will eat more when fed green
feed than otherwise. Vegetables in
duce increased eating, hence the in
creased egg production. Nearly all
of the common vegetables are
relished by the fowls, and they should
be fed at regular intervals. Mangels
are easy to raise and keep well. Cab
bage is a good food; the hens like it
and it does not flavor the egg. Tur
nips are an excellent vegetable for
fowls when grown right, stored and
cooked. Rape is an excellent green
food to plant in the runs. Potatoes
are good only when boiled, but as a
rule they are too expensive to feed
to poultry. Onions, when Ihey can
be had, are an excellent feed and
like lettuce, are excellent for chicks!
HOW TO MAIvE DOLLARS IN
To become skillful" and successful
in the care, feeding, selecting and
breeding of dairy cows means to be
successful in the business of dairy!
ing, is a statement by George C
Humphrey of the University of Wis!
Weigh 2806 lbs.
1 Why lose profits breeding and feeding
scrub noers. iwo or our o. I. C. Hoes
weighed 280G lbs. Will ship you sample
pair of thesofaraous hogrs on time and jive
acrency to first applicant We are origi
nators, most extensive breeders andship
pers of thoroughbred hogs In the world.
II. S. Govt. Inspected Herd
Write for Free Book.
"Tho Hog from Birth to Sale."
FREE One 15-oz. can of our celebrated
Silver Live Stock Powder for free trial.
Send for it today.
THE L. B. SILVER CO.
1539 Vkkers Boildiag Cleveland, Ohio
Established 1863-58 Years' Sacccss
This offer is made by tho Lake County
Land Owners' Association in order to se
cure new settlers ana to develop the
We WiB Take
In Full Payment for the Land
Regardlaas of the Mtze or value of the
crop, and without any cath payment
to us on yoar pqrt whatsoever.
We have very little money to spend for
advertising, but wo know what our land
will produce, and we will give a new set
tler 10 acres and take his first crop of
watermelons in full payment for same.
This crop can bo produced at small ex
pense and is marketed within a few
months. We take only the first crop. You
can raise other crops for yourself the
Our lands He on either side o three hard
roads and two railroads, with 12 stations,
including five towns and one city: they are
high, rolling, well drained, with beautiful
clear water lakes and boautlful homes
throughout district; elevation over 100
feet; Ideal climate and pure drinking
water. No bettor grapefruit or orange
land on the continent. Over one million
boxes of fruit shipped from this part of
omiowscycar, jnouern pactung nouses.
wur growers matto bg money out of tomatoes,
eyrop cane, winter vegetables, staple cropa and
lOEUUtEZannCrjinn hnOOM hOM nna anlmrf aanaAn
Como now and pick out your land while prices
wo low. Our land is Belling at $35 an acre and up
on easy terms. You can have It planted on shares
or Bet out to grapefruit, which bears in 4 years.
a lo-acro erapofruit grovo means an income for
lire old age insurance. For particulars, address
Lake County Land Ovmera'Anociation
rrmuana fork, florid Dept. E2
R. R.fare refunded to
Oumert, not agents,
"D&A" Cement Fence Post
MAKE YOUR OWN
ikd-SfVP PSTS made at onco, ualnjr "D &
A Molds. Cost loss than lCc ouch; will not
rot, rust or burn.
D& A" Single ALL STEEL MOLDS at $2,75 each
illustrated cataloRue doscrlbes tho "Shaking
S?iSr m ln lloUU1, Tollfl how t0 m,JC concrete;
rolnrqrco, cure and sot Doata and fasten fenclnff.
y. . ,,pU JAST" 24 Ry. Co.'sand land own
era In all parte of the world uo "D& A" Molds.
i.y -ur t?eaI?F dooa not soil "JJdfcA" Posts,
write for Preo Cataloguo and Prices,
BoT ,Sft D' & A. POST MOLD CO.
BOX Ifrtt Th-. laM Mfi.li.
.. f f ...
B . 1MB) D 1
I PUWfhPAwB I
I RUPTURE I I
Using A Truss
STUART'S PLA PAD-PADS
are different from the truss, being
medicine applicators mado nseW
adhesive purposely nb hold the
parts securely in place. No straps
er buckles attached no obnoxious
spring. Cannot slip, so cannot
chafe or press against tho bone.
Thousands have successfully
treated themselves at homo with
out hindrance from work most
obstinate cases cured. Sett as
velvet easy te aply Ibok
pensive. Awarded Gold Medal.
Process ! recovery Is natural,
so afterwards no f urthor use
for trusses. We prove It by
sending you Trial of Plapao
absolutely free. Write teday.
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