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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (July 20, 1906)
VOLUME 0, NUMBER 27
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The Commoner WASHINGTON CITY LETTER
WlIXIAM J .BllYAN CHAHLES W. BBYAW
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THE COMMONER, Lincoln, Neb
s. . The Fourth of July death liat reads like a
collection of a day's automobile accident news.
"Dirt is ilyjng in Panama!" exclaims an-administration
organ. It looks more like money.
Some one should gently 'hint to the editor
of' the Congressional Record that congress lias
adjourned. ; . ' ' -
.'. . : : V
V". Despite the report of the Chicago investigat
ing committee we refuse to believe that the pack
ing houses are palm gardens and rose distilleries.
The Oyster Bay date line now , starts off a
lot of talk about what congress would hava done
if it had not been so busy doing something else.
'w- Congress ground out 20,000,000 words, and"
then growled because- tho printers on the Con
Vgressiohal Record fell behind a little new and
By -making loud claims concerning th,e rate
bill the republican organs hope to conceal the
fact that it took a democrat to steer it through
A western senator complains that Secretary
Hitchcock is in his dotage. .. The secretary is so
childish" that he actually believes land thieves
should be jailed.
. A man who cjaims to know says that tho
American cigarettes sent to London are the worst
made. They must be longer than those shipped
from other countries.
Attorney Jerome is acting in (ho Thaw case
very much like a man interested in doing some
thing to distract public attention from his con
duct of the insurance cases.
A Wawoma, Cal., bandit held up and robbed
Si? t?f? n ?r (ay recently- He is wasting
his time in California. Such as he find greater
opportunities in Wall Street.
Newport society has just enjoyed a "baby
PJrty" the guests dressing and acting like babies
The next should be a "dunce party,", and then
the guests can act naturally.
iiAftei' ducting several hundred millions of
dollars for this and that, the republican party
managers manage to show that congress did not
appropriate so very much money after all.
ni,nThnn l L.uif lobDemoorat is again talking
about "50 cent dollars." Globe-Democrat readers
who profit by that sort of mental pabulum will
find plenty of that kind of pabulum n the Globed
Washington, D. C, July 16. From many
standpoints the first, or long; session of tho Fifty
first congress which came to a close Juno 30,
was an interesting one. At the wind-up the re
publicans made a big blow as to what had been
accomplished for the good of the country, and in
characteristic manner claimed all the credit for
the important legislation. As the statesmen of
that persuasion were packing up their effects
to leave the capital city, then literally baked by
the intense heat that had prevailed for more
than a week, they commenced to spread reports
they hope will curry favor with the voters next
November and possibly enable them to retain
control of the lower, or popular, branch of con
gress. Of course, they will not for a moment atl
mit that -the wisest and most important legisla
tion placed upon the statute books was due to
the stout demands that have been made for years
in democratic state and national platforms. But
the records" of this . memorable session are easily
available, and they tell the story for the guidance
of the voters at the approaching election. The
democratic congressional campaign committee will
see that the facts are placed before the country.
There will be not the slightest difficulty in prov
ing conclusively that had not the democrats under
the able and agressive leadership of Senator Till
man, aided by Senator Bailey and other well
known 'democrats, the railroad rate bill would
have been a dead letter. A more gallant and un
flinching fight was never made by a determined
minority. From the time the conflict commenced
until it was over Mr. Tillman had his armor on.
And it certainly was not his fault that the Stand
ard Oil company gained a point that the valiant
South Carolinian did not want it to have. He
was simply outvoted. However,, before depart
ing for his home, Mr. Tillman in looking back
, at what had taken place in the halls of legislation-expressed
the opinion that the rate bill was
better than might have been expected,; in view
of the fact that the republicans have such a' large
majority in both the senate and house. It is a
keen satisfaction to him and to those who bat
tled with him for the rights of the people that
; the republicans had to march up and accept the
democratic demands for the regulation of the in
terstate lines. Bitter as the dose was the lead
ing republicans could not avoid taking it.
Friends and admirers of Senator Tillman Will
be rejoiced to hear that practically all opposition
to his re-election as senator from his state for
another term has disappeared. Several of the
house delegation assert confidently he will have
what is termed a "walkover." Mr. Tillman is
now in his second term, which will expire March
4 next. His record during the past session was
such that his constituents are said to be so well
pleased with his course in congress that they will
see that he has plain sailing at the coming pri
maries. South Carolina was one of the first
states in the union to adopt a general primary
plan to settle the question of choosing United
The republicans are going to make a big
blow about the passage of the meat inspection,
the pure food and the immigration bills that were
passed at the recent session. They will, as usual,
try to claim all the credit for the measures named.
But the democrats held them to the mark and
made a record of which the minority members
are justly proud.
Mr. Tawney, of Minnesota, the chairman of
the house appropriations, committee, was put to
his wit's ends trying to show that his party did
not overstep the mark as many millions as it
might haye done. Shrewdly he attempted to
show that the increase was not "outrageously
large" as compared with the expenditures au
thorized during the fiscal year of 1906. Unfortu
nately for Chairman Tawney, Mr. Livingston, of
Georgia, the ranking democratic member of the
appropriations committee, has given to the 'coun
try a counter statement. The Georgian is a vete
ran legislator and haB served so many years on
the committee, that he was able to compile fig
ures to prove that as compared with the first Mc
Kinley administration a budgetvof $800,000,000 in
a single year is a piece of extravagance the
American people will not sanction. After stating
that in the first full fiscal year of the McKinley
administration the aggregate appropriations were
in round numbers $528,750,000 as contrasted with
the $800,000,900 votedvat the recent session gol.
Livingston gives the following facts which ought
to prove very interesting reading matter for tho
taxpayers of the United States:
"Both of these fiscal years are years in which
our country has been at peace with all the nations
of the earth. The fiscal year 1898 carried no
appropriations for the Spanish-American war,
those appropriations being chargeable to the fiscal
year 1899 and subsequent years. The year 1907
is more than six years away from the Spanish
American war. The comparison shows that we havo
appropriated at this session of congress for 1907
the sum of $351,448,222.02 more than for 1898.
By the elimination of $42,447,201.08, appropriated
this session for the construction of the isthmian
canal, which I agree is entirely fair, there yet
remains the difference of $309,001,020.94, as com
pared with the appropriations made for 1898.
Therefore, this increase can not be explained
away or charged to public improvements. Neither
can it be justified by the claim that the increase
is proportioned to the increased population of the
country. This growth in appropriations sustains
the contention heretofore made by me, and which
I now reiterate, that the republican party stands
for extravagance in public expenditures, in order
to use that extravagance as a cloak for their more
objectionable purpose of maintaining a high pro
tective tariff to favor the trust, combinations of
manufacturers of the country, A reduction of ex
penditures, they well know, "would compel a com
mensurate reduction in taxation, and to that
extent a lowering of the Chinese wall pf protec
tion that now surrounds the great body of con
sumers, who constitute the larger portion of our
population, and compel tribute from them to the
favorecl classes. Much of this extravagance grows
out of the practice prevailing with the present ad
ministration of appointing commissions to do
what congress ought to do, and what congressmen
are eleqted for and paid for, thus delegating the
powers constitutionally belonging to. congress to
others who have no particular relations 'with or
responsibilities to the public and do not render an
accounting to the taxpayers of this country."
A movement has already commenced among
Maryland republicans to induce Secretary Bona
parte to run for governor of that state next year.
ALFRED J. STOFER. .
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