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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 9, 1904)
SEPTEMBER. S. 1904
p- cT)yT? !
Do you know Yeast Foam ?
yeast i?oam is in yeast
tliatmake&tne best bread,
of the best flavor, you
evertaafed. Yeast Foam
is the yeast that never
grows lifeless, stale or
sour, but always
Bwcot and ready for use.
Yeast Foam la a dry compressed
yoaHt, 'compounded of tbo finest
malt, hops and corn, in thosjveet
est nndcleancst factory in the world.
The secret is in the yeast
All procers sell It at 5 cento a
package enaugu lomaKe w
loaves. "How to Mnko
warp in the whole trust xabric. They
are the bone and sinew-of the congres
sional lobby. They are the most pot
ent and active and universal agency In
the manipulation of elections and leg
islatures. They enter every state and
county in about the proportion of
population and are .therefore the only
influence for class legislation which
can exercise its." power in every part
of the machinery of government."
It Is contended lay eminent consti
tutional lawyers and writers that the
nCTCOTIlC Can you spare part of your tlrto
UlIlMItL for profitable Detective work?
no experience needed. Write American Detec
tive Association, Indianapolis, Iud.
Tight, Sold to the Farmer at vrkolaatta
Prtaa. FatlrWamattd Catalog ITroet
COXIiKD SPKIRQ VBMCK CO.
Bos 224 mubetrtlBdlMH,D.SA
There are other, railroads be
twoen the east and the west-
it is always well to secure the
best you dan for the money.
You should bear in mind this
remark of sti experienced trav
eler; For the excellence of its tracks, the
speed of its "trains; tfi& safety and
comfort of its patrons, the loveliness
and variety of its scenery , the number
and importance of its cities, and the,
. uniformly correct ch&racter of its
service, th&JSfem York Central & Hud
son River Railroadistfotfyrpasscaby
any similar institution 6n either side
of the Atlantic.1'
Send to UcorganXI'.atels. General
ttuuenger Agent; Grand.Ctfntral Btation,
New York,a 2-ccnt stamp for a 52-page
illustrated Catalogue of tho "Four-Track,
power to levy tolls for travel or trans
portation Is the power to levy taxes,
it perhaps follows that .as tho govern
ment says to thp railroad, "you can
have my power of eminent domain
and go forth and taTto private property
over which to construct your track."
that the power to collect rates for
transportation is likewise .a govern
ment function the same as the power
tc levy tolls or taxes. This Is tho
contention of such eminent writers as
ox-Governor Larrabee In his excel
lent book "The Hallway Question,"
(page 135), and the same is conceded
by Stickney, a railroad president, In
his book "The Railroad Problem."
However the legal question may bo
solved the people know that there is
no tax which" lays its avaricious hand
so universally upon their property as
that of" transportation charges. The
element of transportation cost enters
into every thing we use. There are
articles of manufacture which the tar
iff does not affect but freight cost is
added to almost everything we pur
chase. By this means tho money is
provided to pay interest on the cost
of construction as well as much wat
ered stock at the rate of Ave and six
per cent, when the people are able to
borrow money at two. The people
pay for the maintenance of expensive
lobbies to defeat their own measures.
They furnish the money to defeat
their own will at each election. They
pay the money necessary to elect
senators and other officers to carry
out not their will but that of the cor
porations. This power of taxation for
all these legitimate as well as vicious
purposes is in the hands of less than
one hundred men, and the number is
rapidly growing less. The tax which
they levy is four times as great as
that of the government. When this
power delegated by the government to
corporations has been so long and per
sistently abused, shall we hesitate to
recall it? For fifteen years we have
had a law prohibiting rebates (Sec. 2,
int. St. Com. Act), ana enrorcable by
heavy penalty. For many years we
have had the Sherman anti-trust law.
What virtue is there in the proposed
Jaws over and above these? Can we
hope to have attorney generals and
other officers so skillful as to detect
and so vigilant as to enforce these
statutes? I trust it may be so, but
there is nothing in history to give any
ground for such a hope. If you had
a servant to whom you had delegated
an important part of your business,
and he abused his trust you would not
be content to have him arrested and
put in jail every time he robbed you,
but you would discharge him at once
and resume control yourself.
Just a word as to the price to be
paid for the railroads. Switzerland
paid $120,000 per mile for its roads.
England, if she should purchase to
day would have to pay over $250,000
per mile. The average price as meas
ured by stocks and bonds of Euro
pean railways is about $110,000 a mile
including the narrow gauge ralways,
some as narrow as a guage of 3
feet. Perhaps the broad guage rail
ways average $140,000 per mile. The
entire capital stock, bonded and float
ing debt of the railroads oi tne uniura
States is about $63,000 per mile. Swit
zerland has demnostrated that she
can pay for her roads in sixty years.
Australia has made a saving of one
fourth the purchase price already. If
therefore our government went upon
the stock market and purchased the
railroads at market prices they would
cost much less than half Switzeiland
paid, for none of the bonds are much
oT-im nnr and the stdclc averages much
below- flar. The whole of them, of a
nominal value of twelve billions, could
he bought no doubt for ten billions
of dollars.' Our war debt was three
billion's when we had not half so many
people and perhaps net one-fourth the
real natural resources and wealth. The
war debt was presented by no asset.
The price paid for the railroads would
bo offset by an asset rapidly growing
in value and would bo self-sustaining
It not a source of great "revenue from
Tho attempt to control railroads by
a commission is as conspicuous a
failure in England as in this coun
try. The boasted results to flow from
puoncuy in the present interstate
commerce law is a grim oraon of
the failure it will bo as a remedy Tor
The general demand now existing
for criminal statutes conceaes tho ln
efflcacy of less stringent methods of
controlling railroads and trusts, but
the people know that criminal stat
utes will amount to nothing, they are
contrary to tho spirit of our insti
tutions and repugnant to every sense
of the dignity with which this great
country should approach tho settle
ment of Important questions.
Furthermore. everybody knows
criminal statutes arc tho very hardest
to enforce. Facts must Lo nroved not
by a preponderance of evidence but
beyond the reasonable doubt. Tho
criminal law is technical. It Is full
of delays and Its judgments arc more
easily avoided than civil decrees. Tho
criminal Jaw, as a remedy for trusts
and transportation oxortlons is an
Ignus fatuus of the most delusive kind.
Who would give tho carrying of tho
malls back into the hands of private
parties? Who could bo heard to say
that the handling of the malls by the
government is a socialistic measure?
The ready dissemination of the neces
saries of life is more "of a government
function than'the dissemination of in
formation, it is vastly more proper
for the government to engage In car
rying clothing, coal and bread stuffs
to the people than to engage m de
livering to them their letters.
Our people want to avoid the ne
cessity of taking any radical or revo
lutionary steps bucIi as were contem
plated by the Jenkins resolution. They
want to avoid stringent and danger
ous temporary expedients by having
a permanent policy wnich will make
such alarming contingencies impos
sible There has been but one remedy
which is at once certain to remove
all these evils and render the recur
rence of these deplorable conditions
impossible and that is the govern
ment ownership of railways. It is a
policy which means something. Thore
is nothing to be inferred. It means
government ownership of railroads
and nothing else. It is not a measure
of doubtful efficiency. It would not
be like an anti-trust law which would
depend upon its enforcement for its
value. Its greatest benefit would be,
its efficacy as a remedy for the great
est evil of the day, the rebates vand
discriminations by which trusts are
created and thrive, cities are built or
ruined, and communities made pros
perous or otherwse at tho will of some
Chairman Knapp, in the article
above referred to, says: "Government
ownership would undoubtedly remove
thesp discriminations. It would in
sure open and stable rates applied to
all alike without variation or excep
tion. - The price or transportation
would be as certain and unquestioned
as the price of postage stamps."
It would remove railroad Influence
Irom elections, particularly that of
the United States senators, ana scores
of evils I have not space to enumerate.
Its advantages would be without num
ber. Government ownership is all but
an accomplished fact. It is an Inex
orable decree of development. It is
the inevitable solution of the many
difficulties which confront us. Its
complete triumph awaits only the In
evitable break in the policy of private
ownership in England or the United
States. This may occur any day. It
can not long be delayca.
With these facts before us, with the,
tremendous problems ' of trusts, re
bates, railway extortion, and class leg
islation confronting ana pernexing us,
though not tho oldeai. Is tho
.mott popular aeparator In tho
I world to-day.
' Why? Simply bccansQ It la do
ing better work and riving crest
ei satisfaction than nnr other
can. Tbat'a why o many farm
ers hare- discarded oil others.
will fay you to ctt the bttt.
Send for our frco books on tho
"Empire Way" of dafrjlnK.
Thole's eood sense In them.
Gnpiro Cream Separator Co.
ntoomnrU, N. J.
Ckieajru, 111. M1bmU, Mlaa,
RALPH KITCHEN, Mtfr.
J $2,50 Per Day and Upwards.
I4th &FarnamSts., Omaha. J
Z Council Bluffs and South Omaha X
2 Car Lines Past the Door
I AniCO Shall nave the best and wholsouicst
LAUlLO ol nil sweets, the lUcblc'a
Manufactured of pure Colorado Honey only.
U. 8. and Canada patents granted on proccHJi In
19Q1. Prico 7r-c per large Cottle, delivered in 6
and 12 bolticfl per cane to your depot. Mail your
order for this neiv Elixir of Life, that will mako
you HtroiiR and healthy, to Colorado Honey
Wtno Co., Boulder, Colo.
WITH SOOTHING, BALMY OILS
Cancer; Tumor, Catarrh. 'Fistula, Ulcers, Kc
zemc and all Skin und Womb Discaees, Writo
for Illustrated Book. Bent free. Address
DR. BYE. &&!& Kansas City. Mo.
THE OLD LINE BANKERS LIFE
of Lincoln, Neb., can use two or thrca
more good'-jnen in northwestern terri
tory. If there are any clerks, sales
men or traveling men would like to
better their condition it would pay to
write concerning one of tliese positions.
1 ORFEEreturncd. FJIKX
raiem secureo fgsg&&sss&
and what to Intent. Tine publications luwAtt
roe distribution Patents uwuroi .by us sdrarUat
free la Patent Hecord BAMPLK COPY rtttx.
Eyani, WJHreM Co., Dept. T, Washington, V, O.
Wc arc going to sacrifice ten thous
and guns this fall at prices never
offered before. Qood Breach Load
ers f-1.00. Our Special Double
Barrel J1O.00 gun equal to others costing
130.00. Send 2 c. stamp for complete catalogue.
11. & V. xOlBOin. Alia w.,m j)mBunuj,.
allows In NATURAL COLO nd.
accurately describes 216 tarlrtie? ol
'.! Oimil fm- nnr tormn r f dtatrlumlon.
" We vast aiert dau Stark Ero's. Loabiaaa, Jb
825,00(00 made Irom half acre
Easily grown in Qerden or Farm
71 nntaanil mpfria Tnr anlft. ftand 4t
for postage and get booklet A. Q.telllngall about
It. llCDOWEU,, GlNSKWO GAUDEN, JOPLIN, MO
til 1 urr n 10 men in each State to travel, tack
nAnlLU Igns and distribute samples and
circulars of our gooda. Salary WO per month, S3
per day for expenses. KUIILMAN Co., Dept. A4
Atlas Block, Chicago.
mlttlH ii'T flfr?
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