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About The Loup City northwestern. (Loup City, Neb.) 189?-1917 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 21, 1916)
MS OF PRAISE
GENERAL PARKER COMMENDS
WORK OF BOYS ON REVIEW.
DISCUSS MONROE DOCTRINE
Items of General Interest Gathered
From Reliable Sources Around
the State House.
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
“I never saw such remarkable de
velopment as these two Nebraska reg
iments have made in the last few
weeks,’’ declared General James Park
er, as the Fourth and Fifth regiments
passed in review during an inspection
at Camp Llanio. Ten thcnsand troops
were assembled and passed the re
viewing stand in one hour and two
minutes. The fact was so remarkable
that General Parker, before leaving
the camp, addressed the following
commendatory letter to General E. M.
Lewis in command of the troops of
Indiana, Minnesota and Nebraska. The
letter is as follows:
‘‘General E. M. Lewis, Commanding
Troops.—My Dear General: On leav
ing your station after an inspection of
the 10,000 troops under your command,
comprising bridges from Minnesota.
Indiana and Nebraska, I desire to con
gratulate you on their appearance. The
improvement they have made in the
last few weeks is a revelation to me,
as it must be to all who have wit
‘The intense course of training
which they are undergoing will soon,
if not interrupted, fit the regiments
for active service in war. Very sin
cerely yours, JAMES PARKER,
General Lewis added his apprecia
tion of the work which the troops of
his command are doing in the follow
“It is gratifying that the results of
the hard work done by the command
is appreciated by the district com
mander and that fact should act as an
incentive to continued efforts toward
Wil* Discuss Monroe Doctrine.
The Nebraska high school debating
league, organized in 1908 with thirty
schools on the roll and which with a
membership of nearly a hundred last
year was the largest debating league
in the country, has chosen for its
tenth annual debate, 1916-17, the
question of abandoning the Monroe
doctrine—“Resolved, That the United
States should abandon the Monroe
In the twelve districts into which
the league is divided, the first series
debates will begin this winter and the
work of the year will be concluded at
the state debate on high school fete
day in May at the University of Ne
braska, when representatives of the
twelve schools that win the district
championship will compete for individ
ual honors. Marion B. Stahl of West
Point won the state championship in
the ninth annual debate last May,
■when Louis Wirt of the South high
school, Omaha, took second place and
Miss Nellie M. Schwab of McCook
The directors of the twelve districts
will be appointed this month by the
president of the league, Prof. M. M.
Fogg of the University of Nebraska.
Large Attendance Indicated.
Advance reports indicate the largest
attendance in the history of the state
university. The hope that the new
buildings would be ready for the stir
dents on the opening day will not be
realized. Portions of the dairy hus
bandry building are ready and the
whole structure will be completed in
sixty days. The chemistry and Bes
sey buildings will be finished by the
end of the year, but the mills prepar
ing the furnishings for the class rooms
have informed Superintendent of Con
struction Chowins they will not be
able to begin to fill the orders for
equipment until February 1.
The balance in the state general
fund is diminishing at the rate of
about $125,000 per month, on account
of the receipts being small at this
time of year, while the state’s expenses
go right on as usual. It will be three
months before new taxes start coming
in at a rate sufficient to build up the
fund again, but State Treasurer Hall
bas hopes of getting through without
falling below $100,000.
The state railway commission Is
again besieged with complaints of a
shortage of cars for the shipment of
grain and of discrimination in the dis
tribution of such cars as the railroads
can furnish. The impending strike
•which was declared off was preceded
by many complaints of a car short
age. When the strike became immin
ent no one had the courage to com
plain for the indications were that if
a strike (Same, no one .would get
any cars for some time. Now that the
strike situation has cleared the clamor
for cars has commenced.
8tate Fair a Financial Success
Secretary Mellor of the state fair
board says It is impossible just at
present to estimate the net profits of
the recent state fair because out
standing bills have not all come in.
gome estimate the amount from $35,
000 to $40,000, but Mr. Mellor says it
Is likely to be nearer $25,000. He says
the expenses of the fair are constant
ly growing. Every department de
mands more money with each recur
ring fair. The attendance was more
than 193,000 during the week, the larg
est In the history of the fair.
Holdrege Got First Place
Twenty-six towns co-operated with
the agricultural college extension ser
vice of the state university at the state
fair by displaying exhibits produced
by the boys and girls in the garden
competitions. For the best collective
exhibit the first prize went to Hold
rege. It was $5 in cash. The second
prize of $3 went to Lincoln, while
University Place took third prize
NEW FACULTY FACES
Many Changes in Department Chairs
University students who returned to
' Lincoln last week to take up again
their studies found a number of famil
iar faces on the faculty replaced by
instructors new to Nebraska. The
most important of these faculty
j changes is in the department of
zoology, Prof. J. H. Powers, for many
; years the head, having resigned.
| David D. Whitney of Middleton, Conn.,
i will take Prof. Powers’ place.
Other changes confirmed by the re
! gents are as follows:
Floyd Wambeam, agricultural editor
; to succeed Frank C. Dean.
R. C. Hibben, instructor in dairy
husbandry to succeed E. A. Markham.
J. J. Thiel, assistant professor of
Germanic languages to succeed A. J.
Dorothy Mayland, fellow in Ger
Jefferson H. Broady, professor of
law to succeed Walter L. Pope.
Shirley D. Babbitt, instructor in
Addie Reynoldson, scholar in Amer
Homer B. Latimer, instructor in
zoology to succeed Dr. Arnholt.
Aural Scott, instructor in home
economics in agricultural extension.
Earl C. Beck, instructor in English
Minnie F. Watson, instructor in nor
William Rabak, instructor in agri
Louise Meredith, instructor in home
E. L. Jenkins, instructor in animal
Walter Campbell, instructor in phys
ical education to succeed A. R. Sil
Revising This Year’s Assessment
Secretary Bernecker, of the state
board of equalization, has given out
revised and completed figures on this
year's state assesment and tax levy.
The total assessed valuation (one
fifth of actual value) is placed at
$500,927,276. of which $154,834,316 is !
personal property and $346,092,960 is |
The personal property includes the j
railroad assessment of $56,946,124, on
which states taxes will be charged
amounting to $347,371. This is ap
proximately one-ninth of the state’s j
total revenue from taxation.
The total state taxes this year, based
on a levy of 6.1 mills, are figured at
$3,055,656. They are divided as fol
For general fund, $1,703,153; univer
sity maintenance. $500,927; university
building, $375,695; normal schools,
$425,788; state aid bridges, $50,093.
May Be Home to See Ak-Sar-Ben.
That the Fourth and Fifth regii
ments might be sent home in time to
participate in the Ak-Sar-Ben program
was a rumor that has been circulating
in the two camps on the border. I
Strong credulity was given the rumor
in view of the fact that the general j
belief is that the troops will be ordered |
home between October 1 and 15. A j
request from the citizens of Nebraska \
to the war department to hasten the i
movement wculd undoubtedly result in J
the troops being sent home in time to ■
take part in the annual Ak-Sar-Ben j
Hot Weather Did Little Damage
Crop reports seem to agree that the
damage to corn in Nebraska from the
hot weather was not so serious as
was at first supposed and that, al
though there will be a considerable
drop from the yield last year, the
corn will be a better quality and
there will be little if any soft corn to
count. The government estimates the
corn crop at 199,000,000 bushels com
pared with 213,000,000 in 1915 and
with 240,000,000 in 1906, the big year.
This shows that the present yield will
evidently be the fourth largest crop
in the last 16 years,
To Fight Influenza in Horses
A campaign for the wiping out of in
fluenza among horses in Nebraska,
which has caused hundreds of thou
sands of dollars of loss to the live
stock interests of the state, has been
started by State Veterinarian Ander
son and John Dalton, a member of
the live stock sanitary board. The
first clean up will be at the barns and
yards of the Grand Island horse mar
ket. After that will come a renova
tion of the Omaha horse market, and
j every place in the state where horses
! are periodically assembled for pur
chase and sale will be given the same
kind of attention.
A new feature of the University of
Nebraska’s instruction in journalism
this year will be co-operation of ed
itors of the state in a series of ad
dresses under the auspiees of Prof. M.
M. Fogg’s courses in news writing
and newspaper editing. These ad
dresses, supplementing the regular
work of instruction, will be in vari
ous phases of the work of the jour
nalist—frcm the points of view of the i
i proprietor, the editor, the managing j
editor and the reporter.
"Old Maid” Makes Boys Happy.
Captain A. L. Burnham, Company E,
Fourth regiment, has received a let
ter enclosing a crisp $10 bill and signed
"A Nebraska Old Maid.” The money
was to be used to buy luxuries for the
boys on the border. The letter was
read to the company and a vote taken
as to what to buy with the money.
Some of the boys suggested tobacco;
some candy. but the majority wanted
ice cream and pies. So for the next j
three or four Sundays members of |
Company E will have pie a la mode for
Nebraska Boys Honored.
Two second lieutenants of Nebraska
regiments, assigned to the regulars for
instructions, have, since their assign
ment, been in temporary command of
their companies. Lientenant Sidney
Stocking, Company D, assigned to the
Twenty-sixth United States infantry at
Brownsville, and Floyd E. Ellers, Com
pany G, assigned to the Twenty-sixth
infantry at San Benito are the other
lieutenants who have been honored
OATES FOR COMING EVENTS.
Sept. 26-Oct. 7-Ak-Sar-Ben Fall Festi
val at Omaha.
Oct. 2 and 3—State Equal Suffrage as
sociation convention at Hastings.
October 2 to 7—National Swine Show
Oct 3 to 6—State Federation of Wo
men’s Clubs convention at Hastings.
October 11-12—State Meeting Grand
Lodge Degree of Honor at Lincoln.
October 17-20—I. O. O. F. State Con
vention at Lincoln.
Oct. 31—Northwestern Nebraska Med
ical Society meeting, Long Pine.
Nov. 2-5—Nebraska Christian En
deavor Union state convention at
Nov. 8-9-10—Nebraska State Teach
ers’ association meeting at Omaha.
Sheriff Hutter and Officer Kline
have been snapping up fast automo
bile drivers the last ten days and
bringing them into court, where fine
and costs are taxed. The county com
missioners have ordered the arrests,
as there have been too many accidents
of late. A case was reported of a
fake officer who has been operating
along the Omaha-Lincoln-Denver line
and acting the part of sheriff and jus
tice, but not reporting the fine assess
ed. The sheriff is looking into the
Seward county, which has long been
infested with hog cholera, has at last
become rid of that dread disease, ac
cording to recent reports. The com
bined efforts of state and county offic
ials were needed to effect this result,
and vaccination as a preventative
among spring pigs piayed the most
important part. The farmers of Sew
ard and adjoining counties are Jubi
lant over the results.
Samples of oil scum from certain
springs in Sioux county sent to the
state chemist at Lincoln have been
pronounced mineral oil. Some eastern
oil men have been investigating the
matter and have leased land for the
purpose of putting down a trial well.
The land is very similar to the Wyo
ming district a little farther west,
-where oil is abundant.
The body of Mrs. Lucy Goddard, 34,
was found in a burning house at
Grand Island. Investigation showed
bullet holes in the walls of the rooms
and a mark in the plastering made by
a thrown dish, the latter found on the
floor. Two men are now held by the
police as witnesses, pending further
It is reported that the northwestern
Nebraska potato crop will be a bump
er, even larger than last year, caused
by the abundant rains in August. Win
ter wheat was excellent but spring
wheat light and of a poor quality.
There is an abundance of feed for
stock the coming winter.
It is expected that the highway from
Grand Island to Rosebud, S. D., 236
miles, will be tagged by R. A. Woodall,
of the Auto Blue Book Publishing com
pany, of Chicago, beginning at the
Rosebud, S. D., end.
While repairing the main drive belt
of a threshing machine on the Kober
stine farm north of Hastings, Robert
Simpson was caught and seriously in
jured when his arm was carried around
Mrs. Julia Wheaton, 76, died at the
Omaha County hospital of “self-star
vation.” She had refused to eat since
placed in the hospital. Sept. 1. Efforts
to force food upon her were unsuccess
C. D. Traphagen of the Journal at
Lincoln, was elected president of the
United Typothatae and Franklin
Clubs of America at their annual ses
sion in Atlantic City, N. J.
m. x v v* uv,iuuaui«i, ouu ut a piuumit lit
farmer near Louisville, was drowned
in a sandpit north of Louisville while
in bathing. Water in the pit is 60 feet
deep in places.
A number of Gage county fanners
have imported several carloads of
Holstein cattle from Ohio for dairy
Elmer Moore, 17, was burned lo
death in a fire believed to have been
of incendiary origin, which consumed
the Latta home at Tekamah.
At the opening of the Fremont Ken
nel club show there were 381 dogs en
tered for competition.
Almost ten thousand more people
attended the Nebraska state fair this
year than ever before.
A stock company has been organ
ized by the business men of Gering
for the construction of a $40,000 thirty
eight room hotel. The entire amount
was subscribed in one day. It is
planned to have the building com
pleted by January 1.
Word has just been received that
Rev. J. P. Trites, former pastor of the
First Methodist church of Hastings,
will return soon from Sutherland,
Ore., and enter the Methodist evan
gelistic field with headquarters in
At Nebraska City school bonds to
the amount of $30,000 for the erection
of a new Fourteenth street district
building and $5,000 for repair of the
Sixth street building, passed by a vote
of 5 to 1 at a special election.
The Nebraska state fair was almost
nn auto show. Cars were every
where, and the report of Secretary
of State Pool that there is one auto
mobile in Nebraska to every twelve
people is about correct.
The B. & M. railroad has lowered
ts rates on carload shipments of sand
in the Hastings district.
Fremont has a new and strictly
modern candy factory, recently open
ed. The plant now employs four men
besides an experienced candy maker
from St. Louis, and is owned by C. J.
Marr Co. •
Howard Sexton, formerly a promi
nent attorney at Pender, Neb., took
the oath of office as assistant United
States attorney recently. He succeeds
A. W. Lane.
With Masonic grand lodge officers
from over the state in attendance, the
cornerstone of the boys’ borne was
laid at Fremo«*
At the last meeting of the directors
of the Alliance Commercial club, no
tion was taken to complete a direct
road paralleling the Burlington east
ward to Hoffland, Antioch and Lake
side. This new road will materially
shorten the distance between these
points and will put Alliance in more
direct touch with the potash mines lo
cated at those places. A large fund
is being raised to complete this road.
It is anticipated that work will com
mence immediately and that the road
will be in good shape before winter.
Kendrick Brothers of Marsland are
making some preparatory arrange
ments for putting in another big po
tato storage cave here. Albert Miller
& Co. of Chicago, whose agents have
bought potatoes here for the past
three or four seasons, are having the
big cave put in. It will be near the
old depot, and we understand will be
larger than any of those which are
Emigration Agent Howard, of the
Burlington road, believes there is
bound to be a big advance in Nebraska
land prices soon. He bases his opin
ion on the great crops this state has
enjoyed in the past few years, and the
prospects this year. His predictions
are that land selling at $40 to $50 per
acre will bring $100 to $125, and farms
now held at the latter price will be
The court room at the Federal
building has been selected as the
place in which to hold the farm loan
board’s hearing in Omaha, September
22. At that time arguments in favor
of locating one of the federal land
banks in Omaha will be presented by
representatives of local banking in
terests and civic organizations. The
bearing at Lincoln will be held Sep ,
The last lap of paving contracted to
be done this year in Kaerney has been
tied up by an injunction. A restrain
ing order was issued in the court pro
hibiting the council and mayor from
paving the five blocks on East Lin- |
coin Way, contract for which was let
to C. D. Tyner company. The city
treasurer was also enjoined from
making any payment on this work.
States taxes in Butler county for
this year are $167.15 less than last
year, on account of reduction of sev
en tenths of a mill in the levy made
by the democratic state officials whc
constitute the state board of assess
ment. The amount of state taxes rot
Butler county this year is $53,640.16
Last year the amount was $55,315.31.
The reduction for the entire state is
Though four new garage buildings
have been completed at Hastings with
in the past year, bringing the total tc
a dozen, work will start on two more
for E. A. Bandes and Sherman broth
ers. The auto business has grown by
leaps and bounds until Hastings police
are finding traffic conditions growing
alarming. Widening of business
streets, practically an impossibility, is
the only solution offered.
An election lias been called for Oc- j
tober 10 to vote on the issuance ot :
$50,000 bonds for money to be used in
paving the streets, crossings and al
leys in Fairbury. The first district
created calls for paving fifteen blocks.
The proposition stipulates that these
bonds shall be issued as needed, but
in aggregate shall not exceed the ;
amount voted. ^
The new high school building a*
Schuyler, erected at a cost of $45,000
has been turned over to the board 1
of education and will be dedicated
within a few days. The structure is |
modern throughout with equipment
for teaching domestic science ant',
manual training. The building is twc
stories high with a gymnasium in the -
Fremont merchants must not use j
the sidewalks for the display of theii I
wares hereafter, nor can an autorno :
bile be operated in that city without
a dimmer on the lights at night. These
instructions were made by the passing
of two new ordinances at a recent
In a communication filed with Sec '
retary of State Pool, Laurie J. Quin
by of Omaha announces his with ’
drawal as populist candidate for con
gress in the Second district. Mr.
Quinby comes out strong for President
Wilson, but says he wants to aid in
the prohibition fight.
While riding at a swift clip on his
motorcycle with a companion, Charles
Jensen of Omaha ran into the side of
a street car. The handlebar of the
machine was driven into Jensen’s
stomach and tore out his intestines
The other fellow was not badly hurt.
Omaha has been assured of the
1919 meeting of the National Bohe
mian Catholic Turners’ convention
Competition was keen between Balti
more and Omaha, but the latter was
chosen by a small margin. 3,000 del
egates are expected.
J. S. Jackman, a Fremont photogra
pher, two years ago bought a pound
can of metol, a chemical used in pic
ture making, at $5.00. It has nevei
been opened and now, being very
scarce and hard to obtain, is valued
at more than $100 and going up.
Farmers’ Co-operative stores are be
coming popular throughout Nebraska
West Point and Herman are the latest
to be added to the list. The one al
West Point is on the Mauritz farm,
near town, and is well stocked.
The canning factory at Beatrice has
already packed 10,000 capes of sweet
com, and is now putting up several
thousand cases of tomatoes and ap
Beatrice has called a special elec
tion for October 17, to vote $25,000
bonds to enlarge the municipal light
Charles Knight, 27, a workman on
the new county bridge near St. Paul,
was instantly killed when his arm
caught in the nigger head of the holst
er apparatus. His body was badly
torn and mangled He leaves a wife
and family at St. Paul.
Syracuse will have its annual Home
Coming Day, September 28th. A three
da^s’ Frontier Day carnival will be
held in connection with the celebra
The annual Omaha automobile show
will be held February 26 to March 3,
inclusive in 1917.
THE EUROPEAN WAR A
YEAR AGO THIS WEEK
September 18, 1915.
Austrians withdrawing in sec
tor of the Volhynian triangle of
fortresses northeast of Lem
Russians began evacuation of
German attacks on Dvinsk re
French artillery severed great
bridge across the Meuse at St.
September 19, 1915.
Germans entered Vilna.
British squadron shelled Ger
man coast defenses in Belgium.
One German submarine sank
another by mistake.
Italian dirigibles bombarded
Bulgaria announced an armed
September 20, 1915.
Hindenburg’s forces reached
German artillery shelled Ser
bian positions on south bank of
Danube near Semendria.
Artillery duels along the west
September 21, 1915.
Russian Vilna army success
Germans repulsed near Vilna
French made gains in Cham
pagne and Lorraine.
Russians sank German sub
marine in Black sea.
General mobilization ordered
British Chancellor McKenna
announced new taxation.
September 22, 1915.
Italians dislodged Austrians
from the Dolomite valley.
French aviators raided Stutt
gart, bombarding palace of king
Russian armies assumed the
September 23, 1915.
Russians reoccupied Lutsk in
Yolhynia, capturing 6,000 men.
Russians won battle at Vilei
Germans driven back near
f'insk behind Okinski canal.
Austrian garrison evacuate
Germany in note to United
States promised to observe
visit ^id search law.
Frehch aeroplanes attacked
German positions in Lorraine
and the Argonne.
September 24, 1915.
Germans made furious as
sault on Dvinsk.
French made gains at several
German submarines sank five
Greece ordered mobilization of
army and navy.
A total of more than a billion feet of
lumber was sawed by California mills
during 1015, according to statistics
compiled by the United States forest
service. The report includes figures
from 136 mills, 35 of which had cut 9
per cent of the total. Of 13 kinds of
wood sawn, redwood led with a total
of 418.824,000 feet, board measure.
With the exception of about 1,000,000
feet, board measure, it was all Califor
The per capita use of gas In Massa
chusetts showed a decline in 1915 as
compared with the previous year. The
total production of gas of all kinds
amounted to 15,780,030,000 cubic feet
In 1915, while in 1914 it was 15,536,
223,500 cubic feet, a gain of only 1.7
per cent in actual output. During the
year the population of the state in
creased about 2.5 per cent.
In the last 18 years the British elec
tric light industry has grown from 38
private companies, with a capital of
830,000,000, and 33 municipal plants,
with a capital of $10,000,000, to 276
private companies, with a capital of
$305,000,000, and 328 municipal plants,
with a capital of $260,000,000.
The Japanese are‘paying much at
tention to Australian ores suitable for
refining or smelting in Japan. A party
of Japanese engineers is about to visit
Australia to make a study of this
William Harlow Reed, professor of
geology In Wyoming university until
his recent death, had the honor of
finding what Is said to be the largest
skeleton of a dinosaur ever discovered.
The find was made in Wyoming.
New regulations of the United States
steamboat Inspection service require
persons to be twenty-one years old be
fore being licensed as masters or chief
To warn of fire damp in ndnes an
Austrian, has Invented a porous vessel
through which the gas penetrates,
makes electrical connections and rings
Most of the lead product of this
country is smelted in three states, Mis
souri, Idaho and Utah, the amounts in
1915 being, respectively, 195,634 tons,
106,6S0 tons and 106,105 tons.
Water and fireproof barrels will be
made ha Hawaii from bagasse, a sugar
mill by-product, for exporting sugar
and Importing potash.
A good deal of shark meat Is eaten
In the eastern United States by people
who think they are eating something
Bombay averages more than 72
Inches of rain a year and gets most
of It within four or five months.
Diefc 2tbte tiling ift fiir Me
5amtltenglteber, tr>el<3?e am
liebften £>eutfcfy lefen.
$Hu:ndnicn ift jefct aud) in bit
Jtampfarena eingctreten. 9iad) Ian*
gem 3o3ern f>at fid) ba$ ©alfan
Fonigreid) auf bie Seite bcr 2lQiier=
ten geftetlt. S5ie JfriegSerflarung, fo
bebauerlid) fie aud) ift, ba 9tumdni»
en§ Gingreifen uotmenbigertoeife ben
ftrieg oerldtigern toirb, ift ben 3cit,s
tralniadjten bod) nidjt unermar=
tet gefomnten. Sett SfJonaten
fdjon I)at Cefterreid) feinc ©ren*
jen befeftigen laffen. '-Bulgarten mar
ebenfaflS auf ber 2Bad)t unb t)at fiir
geniigenb £ruppenaufgcbote an ber
SDonau geforgt. 2>er Jtampf roirb
ein beifeer unb bitterer toerbcn. £ie
Sdfjigfeit ber teuionifdjen SBcrbiinbe
ten abcr mirb fid) fidjerlid) aud) bie§
mal mieber gldnaenb bemeifeit.
9iad) Dorliegenben au§briicflid)en
SGorausfagungen geljt ber Strugs*
plan ber SOerbiinbeten bal)in, bie
Dtumdncn int eigenen Canbe ju paf=
fen. 9iad)bem ber Ginbrudjsoerfud)
rumdnifcfjer Struppen iiber bie iPafie
ber Xransft)lPanifd)en Sllpen juriicf
gefdjlagen, ift bie ©ffenfibc ber
Sruppen ber 3entralmdd)te gegen
ben neuen geinb ju ertrarten.
$eutfd)e militdrifdje Sacbnerftan
bigc fdjatjen bie fiir ba§ tfdb Der
fiigbare rumanifdjc Sriegsftdrfe auf
rddjt t)bf)er al§ 400,000 SOlann unb
oett Dotpanocnen toorrat art uimm*
tiou imr fiir bie £auer Don uier bis
fiinf SBodfcn auSrcicfjenb. £ie ru*
manijdje i’Irtillerie ift 311m grbfjten
Steil mit SIruppfdjen @cfd)irt3en auS»
geriiftet, fiir toeldje fie feiitc i'huti*
tion erfjalten famt. Seit lattgerer
8eit bereitS ift bie Sufu&D Don
ffriegsmaterial jebcr S(rt nuS
£eutfd)Iattb eingeftellt toorben. So
ift and) bie Sieferung einer grofjen
5ln3at)I bon Cofomotioen, tocldie in
£eutfd)lanb auf rumdnifdie Scdp
nung gcbaut tnorben, unterblieben.
5Eie Grgreifung ber Offenfioc ge=
gen Sumanten erf '-ini nidbt nur
bom rein militdri jit Stanbpunft
gebotcn, fonbcrn .niifjte and) toci
ierc iBorteilc ergieten. SumanifdjeS
©eireibe unb petroleum foil ben
2JiitteImcid)ten entsogen merben. 2fei
einer erfolgreidjen Cffettfioe roiirben
bie fiegreidjen itruppett bie .£anb auf
bie gefamten in Sutnanien aufgefpei*
djerten Somite legen.
2ln ber toeftlidjen gront tnirb mit
roed)felnbctn ©liicf gefampft. 2>ie
Setniif)uugett ber SlUiierteu, an ber
Somme ifjre grofje Dffenfine auf
rcdjt 5U erfjalten, finb fef)lgefdjlagen.
£ic ©efamtoffenfiDc ift unb blcibt
in gin3elfampfe urn Gittjelpofitionen
jerfplittert. Grfolg, mic bie Gin=
nabmc Pott SRaurepaS bnrd) bie j
gransofen unb bie Groberung ciueS |
©rabettS £)ier unb bort bnrd) bie Sri
ten finb beftenfallS ShtgenblicfSerfoI
ge, bie ba§ giaSfo ber Gntente > Cf=
fenfibe an ber Somme uidjt itieljr
auS ber SBelt fdjaffett fonticu.
53e3eid)nenb in biefer Segtefjuttg
ift bie Sebe be§ englifdjen SiriegSmi
niftcrS itu ^arlatnetti, itt ber cS fid)
gegcn bie $ritif itn eigetten Sanbe
iiber bie Somme - Dffenfiue 311 rocl)»
ren fud)t. Gin befferer SemeiS fiir
bie iatfadje, baft bie Sommc-Cft'en*
fine cin geblfdjlag, faun matirbaftig
nidbt erbradjt merbett.
21n ber bftlidjen grout ift ber
StiSftanb anfdjeinenb ftationiir ge*
toorben. ^tt ben lenten £agen
mclbett bie 9tuffen ftfjon immer f)iiu*
figer Don beutfd)en 2lngriffeit. £ie
Sentralmiidjte burd) ben furdjtbar
ften £ntrf Don alien Seiten 3ermal>
men 311 fomten, ift enbgiiltig gefdjei
tert. ©rdfscrer 2Inftrengungen, alS
fie gcmad)t, finb bie JlHiiertcn nidjt
©3 fcfjeint immcr nod) Jlnterifaner
ju geben, bie ber furiofcn Slnfidjt
ftnb, bic ijjolen flatten e3 unter ruj
fifdjer ^ercfdjaft Jbcficr gebabi al» fic
e£ gegentnartig baben. 2Bomit fie
nut bemeifen, bafj fic non 'i'olen unb
iRufelanb nod) mtniger roiffen al§
pom iibrigen Qruropa. Seitbem if>o*
ten beutfd)c» SBefafcungsgebiet ge
tcorben ift, bat bie fflenblfcrung toic*
ber @elegcnl)cit, ibrer nationalcn
Sigenart nad) 311 Icben. JteuerbingS
baben bie beutfdjcn 33el)orben and)
bie SBiebereroffitung be& inx Sabre
1907 non ben SRuffen unterbriieften
polnifdjeit SdjuInereinS geftattet.
£em herein ift geftattet morbett, in
alien SEeilen igolen3 gtceiguiebcrlaf*
fungen, iUbiiotbcfen, ©lementar-,
iDiittel* unb bbberc Scbulen 311
griinben unb 311 unteeftiifeen, SBor
triige unb SSorlefitngen 3it neranftal* ,
ten unb piibagogifdje unb toificn
fdjaftlidje 3eitfd)riften berauSsuge
fcen. SDtan fiebt, bie £entfd)cit ba- |
ben eine eigeutiimlidje ?Irt, ibrer ,
barbarifdjcn ©efinnuttg unb ibrer |
Keigung, fd)toad)e SSblfer su unter« ;
briicfen, Slusbnid 31* geben. ,
©tdjcr mirb biefc i'ebaublung ben ,
ipolen gegeniiber 3m Hcrubigung ib
rer ©emitter beitragen uitb baS in
folge ber unfaglidjen preufjifd)en j
§eb- unb SluSrottungSpolitif tief er I
[cbiitterte SOertrauen neu befeben. 1
3apau niftct fid) in 9Jtejif® ein.
©cneral Satrait3Q bat $100,000
in ©olb au# 3apan erpalten. @#
beifet in gomt einer 2tnleil)e. 2>a
fiir bat er ^opanern bie au#fd)Iief5*
iicfjc gifcberei - ©erecbtfame Icing#
bet merifanifcbeii SBeftfiifte ouf bie
bailor Don 10 3abren oerlietjen unb
3apancrti ba§ 3?ed)t 311 banernben
Hiieberlaffungen an frrategifcfien.
^unlten bet iftiftenlinic eingeruumt.
©nblicb toirb nod) befannt, bafe man
in ffiafbington au§ amtlidjen Cuel
len Sfenntni# Don eifrigen Solonifie
rung# * ifemiibungen ber 3flpaner
in 2>fei‘ifo ^abe.
G# roare fiitblidj an glauben, bie
gn ber merifaiiifdjen &iifte fditDint*
menbeit gifd)e batten e# ben 3Qpa
nern angetau. Jer 2lppetit ber 3a
paner auf Sifcfje fann reid)Iid) an#
ibreit tjeiniifcrjen ©emaffem befrie*
bigt tnerbcn. JeSpalb braucben fie
nidjt an ba# onbere ©eftabe be#
Stillen Daean# 3u geben. ©benfo
berfcbrt mare e# 3U glauben, e# ban*
bele fid) pier urn bag rein fommer
aieUe llnternebmcn einer iapanifdjeit
^r;DatgefcHfd)aft. Jie japaniftbe fRe
gierung Ijat aubiel Jiidjtigfeit ge
aeigt, al# bag man annebmen biirf
te, fie Ijabc biesmal ibre §anb ltidbt
ittt Spiele. 2Bie alfo and) immer
bie Sdjiebimg fein mag: SSir fteben
Dor ber Jatfadje, bag 3apan fief) auf
unferent Continent eingeniflet bat.
Jie „gclbe Spinne" bat bie giibeii
ibreo Jiebe# iiber ben Stillen Daean
Gii ber ftiifte Sfmerifas befeftigt.
2?rotprcioftrigerung luirb untfrfudjt.
Sii einer petition an ben ilon
greg erbebt bie National Slffociation
of i'Jafter SBaferS bie Sorberung,
auf bie SSeigenanSfulfr folic eiit Em
bargo gelegt locrben, ba anberufalls
bas 23rot einen '|*reiS erreidfeu rocr*
be, ber fur ben $urd)fdjnitt*fdufer
uncrfdftuinglid) fein iniiffe. Sie
33unbe§ • .'jjanbels - Sommiffion
bat infolge beffen bercitS ibren
93ise-9SorfiBcnben purler) nadi (il)i*
cago, bem Sib ber genannten '-flaf*
fer-$?ereinigung gefebidt, um bie
3rage ber (trbbbnng ber SBroipreife
?,u unterfudjen, nnb borausfidjtlid)
trerben audb ba§ 9lderbau*2eparte
rnent, ba§ ?sufti3*2>epartement, unb
ber ^ongreg einf'dfreiien, um cine
mit ungcfe^Iictjcn 'JJtitteln betriebene
Steigerung ber iProlpreife 3U ber
9tegierung§ - Sadfberftdnbige finb
ber 9lnfid)t, bag non ben 311 ertoar
tenben 054,000,000 3?ufl)el& SBeijeit
ber bieSjaffrigcn ©etreibe-Grntc,
uad) ?Ib3ug non 75,000,000 Shifbel?
iiir 8aat3rocdc, nod) 34,000,000
9?u]bel» fiir ben Crrport iibrig bleibcit
rcerben. £0311 fommt nod), bag bon
ber lefetjdbrigen 9teforb-(?rnte bon
1,012,000,000 2?ufbel§ nod) je 75,*
000,000 in ben Sdieunen ber ^ar>
mer unb in ben ©etreibc-Speidjern
lagerit, fo bag bon eincr cigentlidien
Sfnappbcit an SBrotgetreibe abjolut
feine DJebe fein fann.
Stricg and) gcgen Icidjte ©ctrantc.
23 a f f) i n g t o n. Tie Sefibrben
bed Siftriftg Columbia babeu ein
SBerfabren gegen bie SBcrfaufer Don
„9icar 23car" unb dfjnlictjcr Icid)t al*
fobolifdier ©etriinfe eingeletet, bad
fiir 23raucr ini ganjen fianb eDen*
tueH Don 2?ebeutung merben faun.
Tie ©efefce erlauberi fdjeinbar ben
Ii3en3freien SBerfauf Don ©etrdnfen,
bie toeniger aid smei 2>r°3cnt 2Ilfo*
l)ol entbaiten. Tie biefigen 23ebor
ben finb aber ber 21 nfidjt, baft bad
?lf3ifegefe& alte gegobrenen, biftiaier*
ten unb 3Jia4getranfe aid „berau
fdjcnb" auffafjt gan3 gleicb mie
grog ibr 2llfobolgebalt. 2fngcfidjtd
ber inehr unb ntebr um fid) greifen
ben JcmperenjbetDcgung baben per
fd)iebenc grofje 23rouereien im gan
jen Saube unter aderbanb 9?amen
alfobolartne, bierabnlidbe ©etrhnfe
cuf ben 2Rarft gebradjt, bie einen
flarfen 2lbfab fittben, befonberd in
Cergniigungdpldfccn an ber See
itflD., loo ber SBerfauf Don fpirituo
fen ©etreinfen Derboten ober tmr gc
gen eine reguliire Sd)anfli3en3 er
[aubt mar. SoHten bie bieftgen 23c
borben mit ibrer Sludlegung bed 9ff
jifegefebed burd)bringe.n, fo merben
[Dabrfdjeinlid) anbere Sfiibte folgeit
imb bamit bie Snbuflrie fdbmer bc
b il a & e I p 0 i a. SBie man
Tier feftfteHen fonnte, baben bie
iiricgdauftrdge ber Cnbntemad)te
>ci ben inbuftriellcu 2lnlageu bftiicb
ion Chicago bie §bf)e Don $3,000,.
)OO,0OO uberfiiegen. TaDott entfal
en auf ben iBbilabelpbiaer Tifirift,
u bem and) bie Stablmerfe im meft
icbeit TcnnfglPania arifjlcn, aHein ci
te SLiiifliarbe ToHard. Seit 23egiitn
ie§ firiegeS murbe cine 9teif)e Don
iibilabelpbiacrn an 3Wittionnren
mb friiberc 2)?iHionare 3u SBJuIti
Soft mbcbte man miiufdbeu, baf;
id) bad Streiffiebcr auf bie einan
icr abfdjlacbtenben curopdifcfjen 2fr*
neen audbenen modjtc.
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