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About The Loup City northwestern. (Loup City, Neb.) 189?-1917 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1903)
PANORAMIC REVIEW OF THE YEAR 1902
Happenings of Importance During The
Twelve Months Just Ended.
CoaJ Strike the Event of the
Year of the Moat Far-Reach
ing Importance—Public Sen
timent Thoroughly Arouseu
Over the Controversy.
The year of 1902 opened with the as
sured certainty of the early coming of
peace In the Philippines and South Af
rica. and with the date for the establish
ment of an Independent government In
Cuba already determined; the Congress
of the United States was rapidly ap
proaching the favorable determination of
Its great problem of the construction of
an Isthmian ship canal, and abroad Ger
many and England were almost ready
for combined action against Venezuela
In the matter of those same debt claims
which In the concluding day of the year
have been the cause for a new strain in
the Interpretation of the Monroe doctrine.
But as the outcome proved, not even
the greatest of these matters possessed
for the people of the United States such
vital Importance as another event, which
was far from being foreseen at the time,
and which, when It came, gave at the
start little reason to suspect what Its
course and conclusion would be. This
was the great strike in the anthracite
coal mines of Pennsylvania, which lasted
through the summer mid fall.
It was not merely that this was one of
the greatest Rtrikes In the history of the
United States for the number of men en
gaged. the length of Us duration and the
obstinacy with which it was fought: nor
was 1t becausn of the mere fact of the
Inconvenience and I0S3 occasioned by it
,to the public: nor yet because In securing
Its settlement the President of the United
States was forced to take control of the
situation by acting in n manner for which
• there was nothing In the constitution or
customs of the land to give Justification.
Beyond all these things the strike was
the most pregnant event of the year, be
cause of the way it crystallized sentiment
on the part of that great body of the
American public—the consumers—who
jwere concerned In It neither as employ
ers nor as laborers, but who were forced,
by the jeopardizing of their own Inter
ests os consumers, to Intervene for their
The strike began May 12. and the min
ers did not yield an inch in their resolu
tion until they voted to return to work
Oct. 21. after arbitration had been ar
ranged for. The number of men involved
was U7.000 The price of hard coal in New
York, where the factories were accus
tomed to no other fuel, rose from $3 to
as high ns $20 a ton, with often no sup
plies to be had. The demand of the min
lera was In part for higher wages, but
fillll more for a regulated und fair meth
od of weighing and recording the product
of the men. by which the union, acting
as an organization, could protect Its
, The mln« owners, organized In the most
• thorough monopoly In tho country, and
represented by the presidents of the coal
carrying railroads, seemed to welcome
ithe strike, and contemptuously declined
all proposals of arbitration, from what
tever source. Whether their attitude was
(dictated by n desire to obtain larger hold
ings of stock In n demoralized market or
•to make possible permanent higher prices
for coal, or from a deep antagonism to
organized labor, was a nmtter only for
speculation on the part of outsiders.
Through the strike there has risen as
one of tne greatest among tho great fig
urea of Americans of the day. that of
(John Mitchell, the young lender of the
Mine Workers' Union, who June 17. at
jlndianapolla. prevented the bituminous
|coal miners from striking In sympathy,
who carried on the strike with less ac
companying violence than was ever
known In so great industrial disorganlza
'tlon before, and who, despite great per
sonal aggravation from his opponents'
rtnethods, maintained a serenity that
jhelpcd not a little In the clear-sighted
jprogress which he mado to utllmnte vic
tory. With the finding of President
[Roosevelt's commission of arbitration
(next spring will come tho end, as far
•as Us Immediate Incidents are concerned,
tof an Industrial struggle that would nev
er have begun had the representatives of
capital showed themselves as true to
Ithelr agreements and as Intelligent In
itheir views as did the representatives of
Independence of Cuba,
i Of the two great events of the'yetr In
connection with the treatment by the
United States of the Islands that fell
tinder Its Influence as n result of the
Spanish war. the first wns the Inaugura
tion of Independent government In Cuba.
CThe Cuban Independence day. when Pres
dent Palma took control of the execu
tive office, was May 20, just three days
•after young Alfonso attained his ma
jority and became king of Spain in fact.
The popular election had been held Dec.
41. 1901. and the electoral college had
chosen the Island’s president Feb. 24.
The American military governor, Qen.
"Leonard Wood, lowered the American
flag and left the Island to its own re
Peace in the Philippines.
i The Philippine Islands were declared
by proclamation of the President July
4, to bo In a state of peace and quiet and
worthy of the establishment of the civil
In place of military government, for
which Congress had provided. With this
went a proclamation of amnesty to po
litical offenders and civil administration
, The Year's Legislation.
Of national legislation during the year
there was none of more Importance to
either the commerce or the naval power
of the country than 'that authorizing
the construction of an Isthmian canal.
After much discussion of the relative
tnerits of tho Panama and the Nicara
guan routes Congress made provision
tor a $200,000,CtH) bond Issue and passed
a law which gave President Iloosevelt
the power to decide upon the route.
Of other legislation the passage of the
national Irrigation net. turning over the
revenues from the national domain for
the use of a comprehensive scheme of
irrigation, and the creation of a perma
nent census bureau are to be noted. To
relieve the congestion of an ever-accu
mulating surplus. Congress removed the
last of the war revenue taxes and passed
the largest river ar.d harbor bill In the
country's history—appropriating 3C5.000.
000. A 19-cent a pound tax on colored
oleomargarine, so heavy ns practically
to cut that Industry In half, was im
End of the Boer War.
The Boer war was brought to an end
(fay 31 by the signing at Pretoria by
the Boer representatives, together with
Lords Kitchener and Milner, of a docu
ment embodying terms of surrender.
The Boers' persistence in the conflict
had won for them the conditions on
which they had Insisted when they were
ready to yield more than a year before.
They had not been holding out for inde
pendence, but for clemency for their
leaders and for the return to South
Africa of the Boer prisoners on English
islands. They gained these things and
also the gift of $15,000,000 in cash to he
used In the restoration of their agricul
ture, and promises of further loans as
they needed them, together with the
assurance that self-government on colon
ial lines would bo rapidly granted them.
The Venezuela Imbroglio.
At the beginning of the year Oermany
and England were acting In harmony
on a plan to compel Venezuela to pay a
few millions of debts due their subjects.
It was understood they had given the
United States assurances that they
would not in any way overstep the
limits set by the United States in the
Monroe doctrine. Their plans wore
dropped during the spring and summer.
however, while President Castro of Ven
ezuela found himself busy In suppressing
a rather more than usually pretentious
revolution. In th6 last month of the
year German and English fleets sudden
ly appeared oft Venezuelan ports, sank
Venezuelan ships and announced their
intention to blockade the ports and seize
the customs to make good the debts.
Arbitration at The Hague was not
wanted by the European powers, ss they
feared Castro would pay no heed to a
decision against him, and for that rea
son a proposal was made to President
Roosevelt to become the arbitrator. The
vital feature of this demand was that
it sought to impose on the United States
some responsibility under the Monroe
doctrine, along with the authority ad
mitted to It. Upon the refusal of Presi
dent Roosevelt to act as arbitrator the
allied powers Anally yielded to his ur
gent suggestion that the matters at is
sue be referred to The Hague tribunal
Matters of General Interest.
Of matters of other than political or
Industrial import during the year two
which will be at once thought of are
Carnegie's J10.000.000 gift to the Carnegie
institution for the fostering of scientific
research and investigation and Cecil
Rhodes' great gift of his fortune by will
The sending of the first wireless mes
sage across the ocean by the Marconi
system was one of the great achieve
ments of the year. The first signals were
sent In August from Nova Scotia to
Cornwall, but In December they were
followed by complete messages from
Lord Mlnio, governor general of Canada,
to King Edward and to the king of Italy.
In the matter of the navigation of the
air some progress was made, as notably
when Stanley Spencer sailed thirty miles
across London in September,
The year witnessed one ot the greatest
disasters in history during the volcanic
activity in the West Indian islands, when
Mont Pelee's eruption on Martinique
killed, with a handful of exceptions,
every living being of the city of St.
Pierre, 40,1)00 souis. The response of
America to the story of suffering was
such a prompt creation of both govern
ment and private relief funds as to add
an additional great surprise to the many
the United States has given to the world
in the last few years.
Decrease in Lynchings.
The lynchings reported In 1902 show a
most gratifying decrease, being but nine
ty-six as compared with 135 in 1901. Of
these lynchings eighty-seven occurred
in the South and nine in the North. Of
the total number eighty-six were ne
groes. nine whites and one Indian. One
woman was lynched in South Carolina.
Fire Losses in 1902.
The total fire losses of 1902 will be
about *154.000.000. which is an improve
ment in the situation as compared with
1901. The decrease in the fire waste would
have been still more marked blit for sev
eral large fires in December. The losses
this year of *100,000 and upwards reached
a totai of *76.650.000.
Disasters in the United States.
The following table gives the loss of
life resulting from disasters of various
Terrible Disaster at Martinique the Most
kinds In this country during 1902 as re
Fires .1.540|M!nes . 813
Drowning .2, OOSj Cyclones and
Explosions .... 526| storms . 181
Falling Build- I Lightning . 206
tngs, etc. 119| Electricity . 1S1
Trusts Formed During the Year.
New trusts, with a total capital of al
most $4,OOO.OCO.OOO, were formed during
1902. Of this vast capital over seven
eighths, or approximately 13.700.000.000.
was the capital of the combines formed
In New Jersey. New York. Delaware and
Maine. The other companies were scat
tered over all the other states. The to
tal Is only about $290,000,000 below the In
corporations of 1901. when the billion dol
lar steel trust and the $400,000,000 North
ern Securities Company were formed.
King Edward’s Coronation.
What was expected to have been the
most gorgeous spectacle of modern times
was the coronation of King Edward VII.
of England at Westminster Abbey on
June 26. In anticipation of the event the
British Empire had been preparing be
REVIEW OF YEAR. THE CHIEF EVENTS
1— First election day In Cuba.
3— Steamer Walla Walla lost; 41 llsres.
6— Jean de Block, Russian economist,
7— Emperor returned to Pekin.
8— New York tunnel collision; 15 killed.
9— Nicaraguan bill passed, house.
11—Nixon, Tammany hall leader, died.
14— British warship Condor lost; 130 lives.
17—Earthquake Chilpanclnjo, Mexico; 300
21—Aubrey de Vere died, London.
24— Treaty signed ceding Danish W. I.
2T—Explosion In N. Y. subway; six killed.
25— Admiral Kimberly died, Newton.
29— Fleet St. fire, nine dead. Boston.
30— Fire at Norfolk, Va.; $500,000 loss.
$1—Prof. Williams, Ohio Wesleyan Uni
2— $2,000,000 fire, Waterbury. Conn.
8—Fire Paterson, N. J.; $6,000,000 loss.
10— Fire Springfield, Ohio; $600,000 loss.
11— Anglo-Japanese alliance.
12— Marquis of Dufferln died.
13— Flro South Mills. N. C.; $500,000 loss.
15— William West, minstrel, died.
17—Senate ratified Danish treaty.
17— War revenue reduction passed.
18— Rev. Newman Hall died. London.
18—Kellogg sanitarium. Battle Creek.
burned: $485,000 loss.
20—Troops shot rioters, Barcelona.
20— Fire New York city; $750,000 loss.
21— Bishop Latane, Baltimore, died.
22— Park Ave. hotel burned. New York.
22— "Billy" Emerson died, Boston.
23— Miss Stone freed by brigands.
23— Prince Henry reached New York.
24— Boers captured a convoy.
24— Prince Henry at White House.
25— Kaiser's yacht launched.
25— Ship Jules Jean Baptiste lost; 80 lives.
26— Victor Hugo centenary. Paris.
27— McKinley memorial service. Wash.
2— Francis W. Parker died. Miss.
4— Philippine tariff passed, house.
4—Congressman Polk, Penn., died.
7—Gen, J. J. Estey died, Vermont.
7— Boers captured Gen. Methuen.
It—Prince Henry left United States.
12— John P. Altgeld died, Illinois.
13— Gen. A. P. Martin died, Boston.
IS—Gen. Methuen freed by Boers.
15—Wages advanced 10 per cent. Fall
17—Life savers drowned. Monomoy; 7
17— Ship subsidy passed, senate.
18— Fire Hoboken. N. J.; $1,000,000 loss.
20—Judge Noah Davis died, N. Y.
22—Judge Taft of Vermont died.
24—MaJ, Gen. Otis retired.
26— Cecil Rhodes died. South Africa.
1—Thos. Dunn English died, N. J.
3— 12 hotels burned, Atlantic City; $1,000,
11—Boer war 2V4 years old.
11— Gen. Wade Hampton died, S. C.
12— Rev. T. DeWItt Talmage died, Wash
18—Cuban reciprocity passed, house.
18— Guatemala earthquake; 2.000 dead.
19— Morgan steamship trust launched.
20— Frank R. Stockton died. Washington.
20—Steamer City of Pittsburg lost; 70
20—Fire Dallas, Texas; $400,000 loss.
27— Archbishop Williams died, aged 80.
27—J. Sterling Morton died, Chicago.
27— Fire Glens Falls, N. Y.; $500,000 loss.
28— Sol Smith Russell died, Washington.
1— W. H. Moody, secretary of navy.
2— Amos J. Cummings of New York died.
4— Potter Palmer died, Chicago.
6—Archbishop Corrlgon died. New York.
5— Bret Harto died. London.
6— Admiral Sampson died, Washington.
6—Fire New Milford. Conn.; $500,000 loss.
8— Paul Ford, author, killed, New York.
8—St. Pierre destroyed by volcano; 40,
8—Volcanic eruption, St. Vincent; 2.00J
12—Coal Btrlke began.
12— Explosion naphtha, Pittsburg; 23
13— Steamer Camarta lost, Bay of Bengal;
730 live*. „
j7_Alfonso XIII crowned. Spain.
17—$400,000 fire, Houlton, Me.
18_Tornado in Texas; 160 dead.
19—Bishop Taylor died. California.
19— Mine explosion Fratervillc, Tenn.; 200
20— Natal day, republic of Cuba.
20—Palma, president of Cuba.
20— Edwin Lawrence Godkin died.
21— Bradbury piano works, Brooklyn,
burned; $500,000 loss.
22— Arthle Clarke died, Chicago.
23— Mire explosion Fernle, B. C.. 175 lives.
24— Rochambeau statue unveiled, Wash
24—Lord Pauncefote died, Washington.
26—Benjamin-Constant, French painter,
31—Boor war ended; two years seven
rronths twenty days.
3—Philippine government bill through
3— Rev. John H. Barrows died, Ohio.
4— Ard Patrick won the Derby.
5— Volcanic eruption, Guatemala; 1,000
7—M. Combes, premier of France.
7—Amnesty for Americans. Cuba.
5— Rev. G. H. Hepworth died, New York.
9—Anti-anarchy bill passed, house.
9—President Patton, Princeton, resigned.
11— West Point centennial.
13—Fire Alexander City, Ala.; $750,000 loss.
19— King Albert of Saxony died.
22—Fire Portland! Oregon; $600,000 loss.
24—King Edward's surgical operation.
24—Coronation postponed. England.
24— Henry Hopkins, president of Wil
25— Forest tires In Colorado; $1,000,000 loss.
25— Great windstorm. Indiana; $2,000,000
26— Philippine government bill through
28—Roosevelt signed canal bill.
3- Treaty of amity with Spain.
4— Peace declared in Philippines.
7—Marshall Williams. Ohio chief justice,
10—“Mrs. Alexander" died, London.
12— Kitchener back In England.
12— Archbishop Feehan died, Chicago.
13— Lord Salisbury resigned.
13—Balfour, premier of England.
13— Liang Chen Tung, minister to United
14— Gen. Davis In command. Manila.
17— Isles of Shoals. 14 drowned.
20— John W. Mackay died. London.
21— Steamer Premier sunk, Elbe river,
Germany; 60 lives.
22— Cardinal Ledochowski died. Rome.
22—Archbishop Croke died. Ireland.
25— Korea’s Independence guaranteed.
25—JefTrios whipped FitZ3lmmons.
28— Rabbi Joseph, head American ortho
dox Jews, died.
29— Fire Pittsburg, Pa.; $200,000 loss.
29— Paul Vandervoort. former O. A. R.
30— Troops out, Pennsylvania coal fields.
1—Rev. Atkinson drowned, Plymouth.
6— Outlaw Tracy dead, Oregon.
6—Col. Hooker died, Brattloboro.
6—Barcelona. Venezuela, sacked.
9—Edward VII crowned, London.
10— Benator McMillan of Michigan died.
15— Luther R. Marsh died. New York.
16— Boer generals In England.
18— Prof. Schenk died, Austria.
18—Volcano eruption Torlshlma, Japan;
20—Explosion paper mill Wilmington, Del
aware; 10 lives.
20—War maneuvers, northeast coast.
20—Cronje left St. Helena,
it—Gen. Sigel died, New York.
22—Roosevelt on New England tour.
29— Dan Patch, mile 1:59VL
30— Another eruption. Mt. Pelee.
1— Thirty-eight vessels loat. Algoa bay,
Africa; 70 lives.
2— Edward Eggleston, suthor, died.
3— Roosevelt Injured. Pittsfield.
6—Prof, Virchow died, Berlin.
6—Roosevelt on southern tour.
6— Germans sank gunboat. Haytl.
7— Magazine exploded. Governor’s Island.
8— U. 8 treasury. $574,000,000 gold.
11— United States warships sent to Pan
12— Alex. R. (“Boss") Shepherd, died.
13— Forest Ores Oregon and Washington;
loss, $12,500,000 ; 38 lives.
14— W, S. Stratton died, Colorado.
15— Judge Horace Gruy died, Nahant.
16— Nicholas Fish tailed, New York.
18—Henderson's declination, Iowa.
17— Mine explosion Bluer.eld, W. Va.; 17
18— Peary failed to reach pole.
20— Roosevelt on western trip.
21— Second eruption Mont Pelee; 1.600
24—Third eruption Mont Pelee; 2,000 lives.
26— Cyclone In Slcliy; 500 killed.
27— Hahroad wreck Arlcux. France; 21
2S—Fire Stockton. Cnl.; $500,000 loss. -I
29-Emilo Zola died, Paris. *?!!
OCTOBER. 1'"K !
1—Admiral Jouett died, Maryland.
1—Roosevelt summoned coal barons. 1
1—Schooner Sybil lost at sea; 100 lives.
1— Steamer Qulrang lost at sea; 30 lives.
3— White House coal conference.
G— Pennsylvania militia all ordered out.
7— Ex-Congressman Grout died. Vermont.
8— Miners voted to continue idle.
9— Mine accident Black Diamond, Wash
ington; 17 lives.
9—Coal conference. New York.
13—Coal barons come to terms.
15—LIpton's challenge arrived.
15—Coal commission named.
13—Admiral Selfridge died. Waverley.
15—Another eruption of Soufriere.
15—Glucose works burned, Chicago; 11
1G—Miners’ convention called.
17— Kitchener to command. India.
18— Castro won 7-days' battle.
19— Fire Albany, N. Y.; $300,000 loss.
21—Coal strike declared o(T.
-2—Denmark refuses to sell islands.
23—Coal mining resumed.
23— Congressman Russell of Connecticut
24— Coal commission at work.
25— W. Wilson, pres, of Princeton.
25— Frank Norris, author, died.
26— Elizabeth Cady Stanton died. New
27— Prince Alert, one-half mile. 57%s.
28— Volcanic eruption, Guatemala; 7.009
SI—British cable around world.
2— St. Pierre. Martinique, burned.
2—Steamer Enero lost oft English coast;
4— Fireworks explosion Madison Square,
New York; 13 lives.
8—Bond-Hay treaty signed.
8—Judge Nathan Webb died, Malnfc
10— Spanish cabinet resigned.
11— R. M. Field died, Boston.
11—Moiineux acquitted. New York.
13— Railroad raised wages.
14— Boiler explosion Swift's packing
house, Chicago; 15 lives.
14— Roosevelt hunted bear, Mississippi
15— Shots fired at King Leopold.
15— P. O. Vickery died. Maine.
16— Armour packing plant, Sioux City,
burned; loss, $900,000.
17— Building cup defender, Bristol.
21—Peace In Colombia.
21— Steamer sunk in Danube; 30 lives.
22— Wisconsin Central ore docks. Ash
land. Wls., burned; loss. $525,000.
22—Herr Krupp died, Germany.
24— Riots In Havana.
25— Thos. P. Oohlltree died, Virginia.
27—Cattle embargo. New England.
27—Steamer Sylvanua J. Macy lost. Lake
Erie; 18 lives.
27— Steamer Bannockburn lost. Lake Su
perior; 20 lives.
28— Rev. Joseph Parker died. London.
2—Holmes for United State* Suprera*
2—Message to Congress on trust*.
♦—Minuter Buck died, Japan.
6—811 vela, premier of Spain.
6— Alice Freeman Palmer died. Pari*.
7— Thos. Nast died, Ecuador.
7— Thos. B. Reed died, Washington.
8— Ultimatum to Venezuela.
9— Venezuelan ships sunk.
9—Castro arrested foreigners.
9—Fire Atlanta. Ga.; loss $1,000,000.
13— Puerto Cabello bombarded.
13— American sheet steel plant. Canal Do
ver, Ohio, burned; loss 31,000,000.
14— Mrs U. S. Grant died, Washington.
14—Laying new Pacific cable.
20—Venezuelan ports blockaded.
29— Humbert family, French swindlers,
arrested In Madrid.
20—320,000,000 fund raised by Methodists.
20— Arbitration expected, Venezuela.
21— Wirelesa message across Atlantic.
22— Dr. Temple, archbishop of Canter
22—Railroad collision Byron, Cal.; 1$
20—Mary Hartwell Catherwood, novelist,
27—Storm Copenhagen. Denmark; 12 lives.
27—Railroad collision Wanstead, Ont.; 28
30— Adventist printing plant. Battle Creek,
Mich., burned; loss. $500,000.
31— Castro agrees to arbitration Hague
Legislation of Importance Dealt
With by Congress—Shadow
Cast by the Venezuelan £m
broglio About to Be Lifted—
End of Boer War.
fore 1902 began and the end of the Boer
war was even more welcome, because It
enabled Edward Uv don his crown In a
lime of perfect peace. As the day* drew
near the Ambassadors from the farthest
ends of the earth came to London, al
ready overcrowded by visitors from all
lands. The ceremonies, retaining nearly
all the mediaeval formalities, were care
fully planned and minutely rehearsed,
while the public rushed eagerly to buy
seats erected along the line of march and.
the nobility of the realm concerned them-.
fe*ves with the ceremony in the Abbey*,
rho king catne up to London In very 113
health. On the 24th of June he took to
his bed, and on the following day a
terlo of the most eminent physicians and
surgeons of the realm determined that an
operation was necessary to save him from
death of an ailment closely resemNtng
appendicitis. On the 25th Sir Frederick
Treves performed the operation, and for
many days the King hovered between Ufa
and death. Coronation guyety gara placo
to gloom, thousands of visitors, Including
some of the ambassadors, returned home.
Hundreds of tradesmen who had antici
pated largo profits found themselves im
poverished. and an expectant sadneca
prevailed throughout the empire. Slowly,
however, the King began to Improve, and
on August 9 the ceremony took place.
Religious Movements in 1902.
There has been perhaps nothing more
striking in the religious history of the
year .lust closed than the disposition of
religious bodies of different names to
"get together” In the practical prosecu
tion of their work. Nothing decisive haa
yet come of the movement for a union
of the Methodist churches North and
South, nor of the Northern and Southern
Presbyterians, but progress has been
made. The project for bringing together
the Congregations lists. the Methodist
protestants and the United Brethren has
made hopeful advance.
Finally, the year has been one of gen
erous giving. The most remarkable single
instance Is found in the Methodist
church. Three years ago. on "watch
night,” there went out from a Spring
field church a call for a twenty-milllon
dollar fund for the development of Meth
odist religious and educational work.
Dec. 31, In the same church, to the peo
ple assembled to watch out the Old Year,
was made the official ' announcement of
the completion of this noble fund. It ia
a great achievement, which fittingly
crowns the closing year. -
The November Elections.
The general elections of November 4 re
sulted In the election of the Fifty-eighth
Congress as follows: Republicans. 208;
November 4.-Of the states In which
United Sta'ea Senators are to be chosen
the following elected Republican legisla
tures: California, Connecticut, Delaware,
Idaho, Illinois, Indiana. Kansas, Michi
gan. New Hampshire. New York, North
Dakota, Pennsylvania. South Dakota.
Utah. Washington and Wisconsin. Demo
cratic legislatures were chosen in Colo
rado. Florida, Missouri, Nevada. North
Carolina and South Carolina.
The following state governors were
elected: Alubama, William D. Jelks*
(Dem); California. Dr. George C. Par
dee (Rep.); Colorado. James H. Peabody
(Rep.); Connecticut, Abiram Chamber
lain (Rep.); Idaho. John T. Morrison
(Rep.); Kansas. Willis J. Bailey (Rep.);
Massachusetts, John L. Bates (F.ep.);
Michigan. Aaron T. Bliss* (Rep.); Minne
sota, Samuel R. Van Sant* (Rep.); Ne
braska. John II. Mickey (Rep.); Nevada,
John Sparks (Dem. Silver); New Hamp
shire. Nahum J. Bachelder (Rep.); New
York, Benjamin B. Odell. Jr.* (Rep.);
North Dakota, Frank White* (Rep.);
Pennsylvania. Samuel W. Pennypacker
(Rep.); Rhode Island, Dr. L. F. C. Gar
vin (Dem.); South Carolina. Duncan C.
Heyward (Dem.); South Dakota, Charles
N. Herreid* (Rep.); Tennessee, James
B. Frazier (Dem.); Texas. Samuel W. T.
Lanham (Dem.); Wisconsin, Robert M.
LaFollette* (Rep.); Wyoming, De Forest
New York City gave a Democratic plu
rality of 121.000.
Prince Henry’s Visit.
Four days later and on tne same day
Mrs. Stone was released. February 2t.
Prince Henry of Prussia, brother of Kais
er William of Germany, landed in New
York, and aa the nation's guest was ac
corded a grander welcome than ever
given a foreign visitor. He came to rep
resent his brother at the launching ot
hie yacht, the Meteor, built by an Ameri
can Arm and christened by Miss Alice
Roosevelt at Shooter’s Island, New York,
February 26. On the 27th the Prince, his
suite and the diplomatic corps at Wash
ington attended a session of both Houses
of Congress In the Senate Chamber, at
which Secretary of State Hay delivered
hts memorial address In eulogy of the
late President McKinley. During the re
mainder of his visit the Prince s special
train boro him westward, as far as St.
Louis, Milwaukee and Chicago, south as
far as Chattanooga, where a brief but
enthusiastic welcome awaited him at
every stop. He sailed for home on
March 11. leaving a pleasant Impression
of himself behind and bearing with him
a favorable Idea of America. A
Troubles In China. ^
To the story of 1901 belongs the bloody
"Boxer" oulmges and the retrlbutory
occupation of Tien-Tsln and Peking by
the allied forces of Russia. England,
Germany. France, Austria. United States,
Italy and Japan. The flight of the Em
press Dowager with her grandson, the
Emperor, and the rest of the Chinese
court and the tedious negotiations at
tending the settlement occurred In the
preceding year, but it was not until Jan
uary 7 that the remarkable woman who
dominates the government of China re
turn, d to Peking With all show of gra
clousness and reassuring messages to the
foreign diplomatic court reassembled
within the Forbidden City, arrangements
Were made for the payment of the Indem
nities to the powers and a withdrawal of
the allied soldiers was discussed. This
uvacuatlon was delayed because of feat
crested by Russia's attitude in Manchu
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