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Loup City Northwestern.
VOLUME XX. LOUP CITY, SHERMAN COUNTY. NEBRASKA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 23. 1903. NUMBER 11.
INDIANAPOLIS DOES HONOR TO
THE FOURTEENTH CONVENTION
Of United Mine Workers of America
Met Monday—President Mitchell
Thanks the Citizen of lndianapoli3
or Their Cordial Welcome.
INDIANAPOLIS, Inti.—The four
teenth annual convention of the United
Mine Workers of America opened
here at 10 o'clock. Every train brought
delegates from every part of the
United States. President Mitchell ar
rived shortly after 4 o’clock, and was
taken immediately to his hotel. The
delegates from the western and south
ern states have arrived. Other delega
tions which arrived were one from
Pittsburg, headed by Pat Dolan and
Uriah Bellingham, with seventy dele
gates; the anthracite delegates num
bered over 100 men, the Ohio delega
tion, headed by the officers of that
state and 200 delegates. The Ten
nessee delegation has also arrived
with many delegates, headed by the
officers of that district.
President Mitchell was met at
Greenfield by a reception committee,
representing the Central Labor union
of Indianapolis, John J. Appel, August
Kuhn and Mortimer Levering, repre
senting the citizens, and Eli Hirscta
burg and Gus W. Kevers of the Elks.
At the time the committee boarded
the train President Mitchell was at
luncheon, but left the table long
enough to meet the committee. He
was met at the depot by carriages
and, with the committee, was taken
to his hotel, where he held an informal
reception for a number of his personal
The crowd which assembled at tne
depot to welcome him was very large.
The evening was raw and cold ami the
train was nearly an hour late, but
^ notwithstanding these drawbacks the
people waited. When Mr. Mitchell
appeared he was greeted with cheers,
which continued until he had left his
carriage and entered the hotel. It was
expected by the persons who assem
bled that he would be accompanied by
President Gompers of the American
Federation of Labor. Mr. Gompers did
not arrive, however, and probably
will not find it possible to attend the
convention at all. Those who accom
panied Mr. Mitchell were Prof. Frank
Warne, instructor of political economy
of the llniverstiy of Pennsylvania, and
Harry S. Keflington of the Boot and
Shoe Makers’ union. Others who ar
rived on the same train and traveled
with Mr. Mitchell the greater part of
the journey were John Fahey, presi
dent of district No. 9 of the anthracite
workers; President W. H. Haskins,
Vice President D. H. Sullivan ana
Secretary-Treasurer G. W. Savage of
the Ohio Mine Workers’ union.
After the arrival of the president at
the hotel many of the delegates, or
ganizers and officers called to welcome
| him and to extend their greetings. At
6 o'clock a dinner was served in the
“ordinary” at the hotel for Mr.
Mitchell and the reception committte.
After dinner, John Feltman. who act
ed as toastmaster, called upon Presi
dent Levering of the Columbia Na
tional bank to welcome President
John L. Feltman, president of the
Central Labor union, called upon Mr.
Mr. Mitchell said in part:
“To live up to the measure that
has been set for me by the people of
the United States is indeed a diffi
cult one. The greater number are
prone to believe that a man whose
name has appeared in the press daily
for the past few months and whose
picture has been printed in the news
papers from one coast to the other is
a great orator. To be a great orator
A and to be able to make eloquent ut
iterances has always been my wish.
I am just a plain talker.
“I have perhaps been honored by
organizations of labor as much or
more than any one of its many lead
ers today. Whether I deserve these
’ honors or not I cannot say. I have
tried to do my duty toward the men
£ who have chosen me as their leader
T and I have striven hard for them.
"I heartily thank the people of In
:| dianapolis for the cordial wejlcome
they have extended me. I believe
% that they have the right conception
| of the purpose of organized labor.
The majority of them believe differ
ently than they did five years ago,
when the unions of the country were
blamed wholly for the many strikes
and lockouts in factories and in the
"I am not here to speak of the mer
its of the controversy between the
operators and miners In the anthra
cite fields. Strikes and lockouts, how
ever, are foreign to the purposes of
organized labor. I do not believe in
strikes. I regard them as horrible and
the creators of suffering. But I do
believe that the laboring men of the
country should never surrender the
right to strike and to protect them
selves against organized capital."
VENEZUELAN FORT IS SHELLED.
New German Minister Considers Dif
ficulty Practically Over.
PUERTO CABELLO—The German
cruiser Vineta at sunset Thursday
night fired a shell at La Vigia, the
fort crowning the hills behind this
port. The shell, which was fired be
cause men were believed to be in the
fort, exploded without causing dam
The people of Puerto Cabello were
at a loss Thursday night to under
stand the action of the German crui
ser. Early in the morning, however.
Commodore Scheder sent the follow
ing communication to the Venezuelan
"Referring to my letter of the 9th
inst., I have to inform you that I fired
a shell yesterday at Fort La Vigia
because, against my explicit prohibi
tion. the presence has been observed
there of unauthorized persons. Judg
ing from reports, those persons were
This statement is denied by the au
ABRAM HEWITT DEAD.
I Passes Away at His Home in New
NEW YORK.—Abram S. Hewitt,
former mayor of New York and for
many years representative in con
gress, died at t> o'clock Monday morn
ing in his 81st year, having been crit
ically ill for ten days. With him at
the moment of his death were his
wife, his three sons and three daugh
Mr. Hewitt, who has been in feeble
health for some months, was attacked
with obstructive jaundice on January
8, and from the first it was realized
by his attending physicians, Drs. E. L.
Keyes and E. I,, Keyes, jr., that there
was practically no hope of the aged
patient’s recovery. On the following
Sunday it was thought that Mr.
Hewitt could not survive the night,
and the members of his family were
summoned to his bedside, but his won
derful vitality kept him alive for a
week longer. On Thursday Mr.
Hewitt rallied so strongly that some
hope was entertained that he might
recover, but on the following night
a collapse occurred and it was then
evident that the end was not far off.
A slight improvement was noted on
Saturday morning, but late that night
the physleians notified Mr. Hewitt’s
son, Peter Cooper Hewitt, that death
was imminent, and that the other
children, Edward R. Hewitt, Erskine
Hewitt, Mrs. J. O. Green, Miss Sarah
Hewitt and Miss Eleanor G. Hewitt,
were summoned and, with their
mother, remained by the bed side un
til the end.
The funeral services, which will be
conducted by Bisho%> Potter, will be
held in Calvary ch/cch, of which Mr.
Hewitt was a member, on Wednesday.
Preparing the Indictments.
CHICAGO, 111.—When the grand
jury especially convened to investi
gate the coal famine in Chicago shall
make its report It is expected that
there will be thirty-nine true bills re
turned against coal dealers. The in
dictments, it is said, will charge the
coal dealers with violations of the
anti trust laws and with blacklisting.
For several hours stenographers were
at work writing up the indictments,
which will be submitted when the
grand jury shall convene.
It is asserted that there are one or
two Indictments which at least three
of the jurors are in favor of with
drawing, and there will be a vote tak
en on these bills before the report ol
the jury is made to the court.
The charges made against the coal
dealers, it is said, are of two kinds,
conspiracy to fix prices, this charge
being made against operators, and
blacklisting. The charge of blacklist
ing is made against retailers and es
pecially, it is said, against the Retail
Dealers’ association of Illinois and
FREE COAL CIVEN
BILL GRANTING REBATE OF DUTY
PASSES THE HOUSE.
HARD COAL TARIFFOFF FOR GOOD
Senate Sends Measure Back with Sin
gle Amendment, Which is Adopted—!
Cushman, Jones, Gaines, Mondell
and Patterson Vote Arairst It.
WASHINGTON.—The bills reported
from the ways and means committee
Wednesday providing a rebate on coal
for one year was passed in short or
der by the house by "53 to 5, those
voting against being Messrs. Cushman
■ and Jones (Wash.), Gaines tW. Va.),
Mondell (Wyo.), and Patterson
tPenn.), all republicans.
The only opposition came from
members representing coal states, who
expressed the fear that the admission
of Chinese-mined Canadian coal would
injure the industry of their states.
Both Mr. Dalzell (Penn.) and Mr.
Payne (N. Y.), the republican leaders,
expressed the opinion that the bill
would not relieve the existing distress,
but admitted that it would satisfy the
public demand for action and show
the disposition of congress lo do what
The democrats, although they all
supported the bill, took the view that
it did not go far enough, saying coal
should go on the free list, and when
the bill came back from the senate
with a provision which practically con
ceded this point they applauded vigor
ously. The senate amendment was
adopted without division.
Rapid progress was made with the
army appropriation bill, the most im
portant amendments being an increase
in the number of officers in the signal
corps by twenty-three, namely, one
colonel, two lieutenants, four majors,
two captains and eight first lieuten
ants, and another to prevent the dis
continuance of the army transport
service without action of congress.
The chairman of the judiciary com
mittee introduced the following reso
Resolved, That the committee on the
judiciary be and is hereby directed to
investigate and report to this house,
with all convenient speed, the opinion
of that committee as to the power of
congress to declare that a necessity
has arisen for taking possession of all
coal, coal beds, and coal mines in the
United States, and all lines of trans
portation, agencies, instruments and
vehicles of commence necessary for the
transportation of coal; and that if in
the opinion of that committee, the
power exists and the necessity for the
exercise of such power has arisen, that
the committee forthwith report to this
house a bill declaring the necessity,
providing fully and in detail the oc
casions, modes, conditions and agen
cies for said appropriation, that will
fully and completely exhrust the power
of congress in that regard.
COAL ON FREE LIST.
Ways and Means Committee Cill Pro
vides for Rebate.
WASHINGTON.—The ways and
means committee of the house decided
to report a bill providing for a rebate,
equal* to the duty now imposed, on all
kinds of coal coming from all coun
tries for a period of one year.
This bill is a substitute for the one
introduced by Representative Hill of
Connecticut, which provided for a re
bate until June 30 next. It is expected
the bill will be called up in the house
The bill adopted provide
“That the secretary of the treasury
be and is hereby authorized and re
quired to make full rebate of duties
imposed by law on coal of every form
and description imported into the
United States from foreign countries
for the period of one year from and
after the passage of this act.”
Representative Richardson (Tenn.)
proposed an amendment striking out
the words “for a period of one year,”
which was voted down. He then pro
posed an amendment placing all coals
on the free list, which was likewise
The final vote on the adoption of the
bill was unanimous.
Representatives Payne, Dalzell and
Grosvenor held a conference with the
president relative to the action which
had been taken by the committee.
The committee reported the bill, but
will not call it up in the house for
consideration today, as originally con
templated, the decision having been
reported to bring it up under a rule
The report of the committee, sub
mitted to the house by chairman
Payne, after recommending the pas
sage of the bill, says:
This is an emergency measure de
manded because of the scarcity anil
high price of coal resulting from the
recent prolonged strike in the anthra
cite coai mines.
Precedents for such action are found
in the Chicago fire and the fire at
Eatsport, Me., in which coses congress
gave rebates on the duties on lumber
used in rebuilding the burned districts.
Whether the legislation will increase
the importance or reduce the price of
coal is a question on which men differ,
but it is all congress can do in the
premises and will satisfy the demand
of many of our citizens. While there
is a threatened coal famine in any
part of tho country, we cannot turn a
deaf ear to the cries of the people.
The committee did not consider it
best to make any changes In the tariff
on coal after the period of one year
had expired, preferring to bring in this
as a purely emergency measure and
not desiring to go into the question
of tariff revision, even upon this one
article. If any relief can come to the
people from such legislation it will
be amply secured in the period pro
vided for in the bill.
Mitchell Urge* Miners to Increase the
PHILADELPHIA, Pa. — President
Mitchell of the United Mine Workers
of America issued the following circu
lar letter to all local unions in the
To the Officers and Members of Local
Unions of the United Mine Workers of
America in the Anthracite Region.—
Gentlemen: You are no doubt aware
that a serious coal famine exists in
inland and seaboard cities, due to the
shortage of the anthracite coal supply.
The situation, has reached an acute
stage nnd has resulted in great suffer
ing and hardship to the poor, whose
earnings are insufficient to enable them
to pay the excessive prices now being
charged for fuel, and it is subjecting
the general public to great incon
To relieve the situation and alleviate
as far as possible the situation now
being endured, is the duty of every
one connected with the production of
coal. With this end in view, we are
prompted to address this communica
tion to all members of our union and
request that they co-operate with the
management of the mines in an effort
to increase the production of coal.
The gravity of the situation is such
as to require that every mine worker
shall exert himself and use every ef
fort at his command to this end.
Upon reading this communication in
the columns of the daily papers local
unions should hold meetings and de
vise means by which the daily output
of the mines may be increased. These
efforts should be continued until the
weather moderates and the great nec
essity for fuel shall have passed.
President United Mine Workers of
T. D. NICHOLLS,
President Anthracite Districts.
No Crime to Steal Coal.
TOLEDO, O.—The work house board
has Issued an order setting at liberty
all prisoners held for stealing coal
from the railway yards and tracks.
The order includes directions to tho
superintendent to receive no more
prisoners from any court sending them
in for petty coal thefts. It is said that
no prosecutions for coal thefts will be
recognized by the beard during the
Hello Girls Go on Strike.
TOPEKA, Kan.—National officers of
the Telephone Workers’ union are
here looking after a strike thfft has
been begun by the Missouri and Kan
sas employes in this city.
In a statement issued the officers
say they will call a strike of all the
union telephone workers on the Bell
lines in both Missouri and Kansas un
less the demands are complied with.
Perkins Must Resign Post.
LEAVENWORTH, Kan.—The ab
sence without le&ve of Lieutenant Ed
ward O. Perkins, Fourth cavalry, Uni
ted States army, has been reported to
the war department. In case of hla
return to the post his resignation will
ENDS IN TRAGEDY
LIEUT. GOV. TILLMAN SHOOTS
WILO EXCilEMENT IN COLUMBIA
Wounded Man is Said to Be on the
Verge of Death and His Friends
Threaten to Mete Cut Vengeance
Upon His Slayer.
COLUMBIA. S. C.—In the shadow of
the South’ Carolina state house, the
lieutenant governor, James H. Till
man, shot and probably mortally
wounded Nardsso Gonzales, founder
and editor of the Columbia State, a
newspaper which has since its incep
tion bitterly opposed the Tillman fac
tion in South Carolina politics.
The two men have been sworn ene
mies for some years and Tillman’s
animosity was accentuated by Gon
zales’ pronounced editorial opposition
to him as a candidate for the nomina
tion during last fall's primary. In that
connection Gonzales made an editorial
reference to Tillman as a liar, scoun
drel and a debauchee. A challenge to
a duel followed, but Gonzales ignored
It. is rumored that the Immediate
cause of the attack was a message sent
by Gonzales to Tillman. At the Colum
bia hotel Tillman said to a group of
‘‘Gonzales has sent me word that
when we meet again we shall settle
our difficulty with pistols.”
Gonzales' friends deny that he sent
a message of any character to Till
man. Statements of eye-witnesses to
the tragedy are somewhat conflicting
and it cannot be stated positively
whether or not any words passed be
tween the men before the shot was
The condition of the wounded man
is regarded by the surgeons ns criti
cal. Tillman was arrested and is con
fined in the county jail pending the
outcome. The affair caused great ex
citement in the city, which is filled
with politicians who are here to par
ticipate In the inauguration of the new
state governor. Lieutenant Governor
Tillman's term will expire within a
Editor Gonzales was on his way to.
dinner from his office when he met
Mr. Tillman. Mr. Tillman was ac
companied by two state senators.
It is said not a wo*-d was spoken
as the editor and the lieutenant gov
ernor met face to face. Tillman in
stantly drew a revolver, it is said by
eye witnesses, and placing it close to
the body of Gonzales, fired without a
word bing spoken.
Gonzales staggered and then, catch
ing his balance, turned toward the
man who had shot him. Tillman had
the smoking revolver in his hand with
the muzzle pointed at the wounded
“Coward!” shouted Gonzales, as he
was caught by parties who had rushed
to his assistance.
Lieutenant Governor Tillman was
Immediately placed under arrest and
Mr. Gonzales was hurriedly carried to
the office of the Columbia State, where
medical aid was summoned.
In the city the wildest excitement
prevailed and thousands congregated
at the scene of the shooting and at the
Mr. Gonzales declares he has given
no recent offense for the shooting.
Dies of Yellow Fever.
PANAMA, Colombia — Lieutenant
Mitchell, a graduate of Annapolis,
who was an officer on board the Co
lombian government gunboat, died
Saturday night of yellow fever. Sev
eral of Bogota’s officers left here for
the United States about two weeks
ago. Lieutenant Micbell then was
prevzented from accompanying them
Steam Packet and Crew Lost.
LONDON—The steam packet Upupa
from Cardiff for Cork has been miss
ing since last Friday. Wreckage
which has been washed up on the
coast near Cork leaves no doubt that
tho vessel foundered during the gale.
She had a crew of twenty men and
some steerage passengers on board.
She was owned in Cork.
Don’t Try to Get Cars.
RANA, 111.—Although many were on
hand, 300 miners employed by the
Pana Coal company quit work. The
miners said the operators did not try
to get cars.
LEPER COLONY IN HAWAII.
Senate Committee Recommenda Fed
eral Control of Settlement.
WASHINGTON—The senate com-*1
mittee on Porto Rico and the Pacific
coast met to receive the report of
the sub-committee appointed at the
last session of congress to investi
gate conditions in the Hawaiian is
The sub-conrmittee consisted of Sen
ators Mitchell of Oregon, Burton ot
Kansas. Foster of Washington, Cock
rell of Missouri and Blackburn of
Kentucky. The last two named did
not visit the islands, but Senator
Blackburn joined in the recommenda
tions. numbering twenty-six.
The visit to the islands was made
last September and covered twenty
five days, during which time forty
three meetings were held and 170 wit
nesses were interrogated.
The investigation was general and
covered all questions with which the
government could possibly he concern
ed, including the laws, local and fed
eral, and their execution, the public
lauds, labor, the plantations, the har
bors, taxation, the leprosy settlement.
Queen Lilluokalani’s claims and other
The condition of affairs in the leper
settlement on the island of Molokai ex
cited the liveliest interest.
PRUSSIA RUNS FAR BEHIND.
Big Deficits for Years of 1901 and 1902
and Must Borrow for 1903.
BERLIN—Tlie Prussian diet was re
opened Tuesday. The cnancellor.
Count von Buelow, read the speech
from the throne. No mention waa
made of foreign matters nor of the
canal bill. The speech took a gloomy
view of the finances of Prussia. It
said the accounts for 1901 closed with
a deficit of 9,375,000 marks, and add
ed that it was not anticipated that
the accounts for 1902 would be ap
preciably more satisfactory. As for
1903, a demand would have to be
made on public credit for a consider
able loan, in order to establish equili
brium between the revenue and ex
penditure, as in consequence of the
depression in agriculture, trade and in
dustry a further depreciation In the
receipts of several of the administra
tive departments would result.
Bills were announced for furthering
the Germanization of the Polish prov
inces of Prussia, for their economic
development and for increasing the
salaries of officials and teachers there.
Measures to improve the administra
tion of the railroads and for the ex
tension of the state railroad system
also were proposed.
Accuses Attorney General.
WASHINGTON, D. C—In the sen
ate on Thursday Mr. Tillman contin
ued his arraignment of trusts and
monopolies, and again charged that
the attorney general wa.s responsible
primarily for lack of action against
The statehood bill was under dis
cussion for a short time, Mr. Foraker
urging the right of Oklahoma. Ariz
ona and New Mexico to be adm’tted
Into the union.
Mr. McLaurin (Miss.) called atten
tion to charges that the people of
Indlanola, Miss., had been guilty of
threats and intimidation against the
postmaster, and declared them to be
untrue, remarking that his object in
bringing the matter to the attention
of the senate was in order that his
denial might go into the Congressional
Record as an answer to those who
made the charge.
The senate at 5 o’clock adjourned
Hold Coal and People Die.
MILWAUKEE, WIs.—The charges
that there is enough anthracite coal
in local yards to relieve the famine,
temporarily, has been substatiated by
a committee of the common council.
While thousands of people in the
city have been begging for coal at
any price and have been turned away
dally from the coal offices, and while
untold suffering and illness have been
caused in the last few weeks, all for
the lack of fuel, 10.000 tons more than
was needed to end all this misery has
been lying idle in storage at the yards
of the Lehigh Valley Coal company.
Sixth and Canal streets. This, in
brief, was the discovery made by the
aldermen Wednesday. W'hether the
coal was held for high prices is not
known, as the agents decline to make
Crown Prince in St. Petersburg.
ST. PETERSBURG—The German
crown prince. Frederick William, has
arrived here on a visit to the czar.
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