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About The Loup City northwestern. (Loup City, Neb.) 189?-1917 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1903)
Loup City Northwestern.
VOLUME XX. LOUP CITY, SHERMAN COUNTY. NEBRASKA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 16. 1903. NUMBER 10.
MR. HOAR ADDRE3SSES THE SEN
ATE ON H1SJ3ILL.
ADVISES PUBLICITY AS A CURE
Nation Sees that Common Alarm is by
No Means Baseless—Officers Must
Be Held Personally Liable—Peril in
WASHINGTON — In the senate
TuQsday the Vest resolution instruct
tng the committee on finance to pre
pare and report a bill removing the
duty on anthracite coal was consid
Mr. Vest (Mo.) said the finance com
mittee could do nothing, and, there
fore, he could not see the necessity
of Mr. Aldrich’s (R. I.) motion to re
fer the resolution to the finance com
“This no longer Is a party ques
tion,’’ he said, “but a question of abso
lute humanity. We are not on the
verge of a crisis in regard to coal,
but are actually in it. Women and
‘ children have been frozen to death
and my only solicitude is to find a
remedy for this disgraceful and outra
geous condition of afTairs.”
Senators stood dumb, he added,
either afraid or unwilling to take any
action answering the appeals of the
poor, freezing women and children
with a party cry "stand pat.” Noth
ing was to be done with the sacred
elephant of the Dingley tariff law.
The senator from Massachusetts Mr.
Lodge had endeavored to administer a
homeopathic dose In the shape of a
suspension of a duty for ninety days,
but if medicine was needed at all it
was in allopathic doses. By refer
ring the resolution to the committee
it would have no chance to pass.
“Don’t we know,” he continued,
“that when we send the resolution to
f e finance commitee we send it to its
nc crmuBt'u me uiugicj iouu
said there was no more chance today
to reduce a single duty in the Dlngley
act than for him to carry off the cap
ital building on his shoulders.
Mr. Aldrich (R. I.) said he desired
to make full answer to Mr. Vest, but
as Mr. Hoar (Mass.) had given notice
that he would speak on his trust bill,
he asked that the resolution go over
until Wednesday. He took occasion,
however, to deny certain statements
by Mr. Vest, attributed to Mr. Dingley,
to the effect that the rates of the
bill were made unnecessarily high in
order that reciprocity treaties could be
Trusts Must Be Regulated.
The resolution went over and Mr.
^ Hoar addressed the senate upon his
The address of the senator was de
voted entirely to the question of
trusts and partly to an explanation of
his recently introduced anti-trust bill.
He began his address with the as
sumption that all thoughtful men are
agreed as to the necessity of legis
lation, state or national, for the con
trol of trusts.
He said that as yet there had been
only apprehension and alarm, but no
serious injury, except in the case of
the recent coal strike, on account of
trusts. On the contrary, the progress
of our material prosperity had been
greater In the past few years than
ever before had been known and our
workmen were better ofT. Still there
is, he said, actual peril and it is none
the less real because it involves only
the future and not the present.
The senator then took up the dis
cussion of the effect of the control of
vast wealth by individuals, saying
that in such a system there was much
to threaten republican liberty. Most
of the vast fortunes of the present
day had been accumulated within
‘ A ls there anything to render it un
(tkely,” he asked, “that if ono of
these vast fortunes has grown from a
hundred thousand to a hundred mil
lion or a thousand million in thirty
years, that, in the hands of the next
possessor, in another thirty or fifty
years, the hundred million may be
come a hundred thousand million? Is
..there anything to stop the accumu
lation of these snowballs? Cannot
the same power and business ability
and capital that can control ail the
petroleum in the country control all
the coal? Can it not control the rail
road and the ocean-carrying trade?
Can it not buy up and hold in one
man's grasp the agricultural and
grazing lands of new and great states
and the coal mines and silver mines
and copper mines?”
But, great as were the possibilities
of the accumulation of great wealth
by individuals, he did not find in such
accumulation the sama peril that is
found in corporate control of such
weulth. This was true, he said, be
cause the natural man dies and his
estate is distributed under the law,
while the corporation lives forever.
‘‘It never goes through the probate
court,” he said.
‘‘Internal transactions are kept
secret. It is not solleitlous for its
own honor, except so far as Its honor
or reputation is essential to its get
ting money. It has n soul and no
conscience. In general, the men wrho
are most powerful in its management
can. if they see fit, avoid personal
liability for obligations."
The senator said that now the great
corporations are in good hands, but
suppose some Napoleon of finance
should come into the control of a
thousand million dollars. Would not
that possibility be a real public dan
ger? Such a power can make wars
or prevent wars. It can threaten a
community with a coal famine, a
wheat famine and it can execute its
threats. He had no fear but that the
American people could meet such
emergencies, but it were better to
He then presented the following
outline of the restrictions imposed by
bis bill on corporations:
First—Publicity in the conduct of
their business and the constitution of
Second—The power to stop their
business altogether if they violate the
laws enacted by congress.
Third—Strict penalty on them and
their officers for such violations.
rourin—rersonai nanimy lor an
debts, obligations and wrong-doings
of the directors, officers and agents,
unless the laws be fully complied
with. This liability is secured by re
quiring the personal consent to the
provisions of this bill and acceptance
of all its obligations by such officers,
directors and agents before they en
ter upon office.
As to the effect of the measure in
case it should become a law he said:
“If this bill should become a law
I and become effective, no corporation
! engaging in the commerce which is
within the jurisdiction of congress can
keep its condition a secret. No such
corporation can do business on ficti
tious capital or watered stock. No
corporation can oppress any rival,
■whether corporate or individual, by
any unlawful practices.
“If it does it will be on the condi
tion that every one of its managers
become personally liable for its debts
and its torts, and will be liable also
to heavy criminal liability.
“This bill depends for its validity
on the constitutional power of con
gress to regulate international and in
Upon the conclusion of Mr. Hoar’s
speech Mr. Nelson (Minn.) resumed
his remarks begun yesterday in op
position to the omnibus statehood bill.
MAJOR "THREATENED DEATH.
Filipinos Forced to Act as Guides Un
der Penalty of Instant Death.
MANILA.—Two natives, former of
ficials of Calbaygo, island of Samar,
were the only witnesses at the trial
Wednesday of Major Edwin F. Glenn.
They told of Major Glen’s arrival
at Calbaygo, and said he directed the
citizens to assemble in his office.
When they appeared he read General
Smith’s order and advised them to aid
the Americans in the pacification of
the island. He said this pacification
was in their hands and directed them
to go out and confer with the in
surgents. He warned the citizens that
if the insurgents failed to surrender
they would be used as guides to con
duct the American column against tbt
WILL START MARCONI PAPER.
Enterprising Newspaper Man to Pub
lish Journal on Atlantic Lines.
LONDON—According to the Dally
Telegraph contracts have been com
pleted to start a dally paper, to be sup
plied with news by the Marconi system
of wireless telegraphy, on board a
British liner running between Liver
pool and New York. Publication will
begin about the end of this month.
Colorado Bank is Robbed.
DENVER—At Ordway, Otero coun
ty, Colo., two robbers broke Into the
private bank of Silliman, Williams &
Co. Tuesday morning, forced the safe
and secured the contents, amounting
to about $2,000. They then fled on
horses stolen from a nearby ranch.
DELAY IN TRANSIT
DEALERS AND RAILROADS FACE
AGENTS TOLD TO HOLD UP FUEL
Mine Product Is Piled Along Track to
Keep It Off Market—In Missouri
and Kansas Farmers Burn Build
ings and fences.
CHICAGO—The temperature In Chi
cago Sunday dropped 24 degrees in less
than two hours and at night hovered
around the zero mark, thus greatly
intensifying the serious suffering for
lack of coal.
The worst cases of destitution had
been provided for by charitable insti
tutions, and to this alone is attributed
the fact that no deaths were reported
during the day.
Two thousand persons in Chicago
are suffering from ailments directly
due to cold and exposure resulting
from the coal famine, according to
the weekly bulletin of the health de
partment issued Sunday. Serious re
sults are already seen in the heavy
increase in the death rate and the
health department brands those re
sponsible for the fuel shortage guilty
of constructive homicide. The death
rate last week for children under 5
years of age was 19.2 per cent greater
than in the corresponding week of
last year and among persons over GO
years of age it was 36.7 per cent
The actual search for evidence of
a combine of dealers will be undertak
en Monday by the special grand jury
empanelled Saturday. Twenty-five coal
men, some of them the heads of whole
sale firms and others chiefs in the
councils of corporations operating
mines, have been summoned to ap
pear and tel! what they know of the
It is the intention that no one but
coal men shall be examined, and un
der Mr. Deneen's direction a series
of pointed questions have been ar
ranged for each prospective witness.
Trainloads of coal cars, sidetracked
and labelled with placards instructing
railroad freight crews to hold the con
signments indefinitely, are said to have
been discovered by the parties who
caused the investigation to bp made.
It is also asserted that beyond the city
limits, on one and probably two roads,
countless tons of coal have been tak
en from the cars and heaped up on
either side of the tracks for as much
as three-quarters of a mile.
The grand jury will insist on being
informed why this coal has not been
brought into the market and put on
Burn Buildings for Fuel.
KANSAS CITY, Mo.—In many towns
of Kansas and western Missouri no
fuel of any kind can be had at any
price and everything combustible la
being burned—fruit and shade trees,
old buildings, sidewalks and fences.
In Kansas City itself there Is suffer
ing among the poor, owing to the high
price of coal, but there is no scarc
ity, the yards being better stocked
now than at any time last year.
The lowest temperature of the pres
ent cold spell in this city was 4 above
zero at 7 Sunday morning. Zero
weather was experienced last month,
but a sharp wind made Sunday the
most uncomfortable of the winter thus
far. At 7 Sunday evening the tem
perature had risen to 11 above. Sat
urday’s snowfall was one and a half
READING, Pa.—The Philadelphia &
Reading railroad officials announco
that for the week ending Sunday
night more anthracite coal was taken
down the main line than for any pre
vious week in years. The total was
10,200 of all classes of cars, or an av
erage of 1,100 carB for each working
day of the week, equal to nearly 225,
000 tons. This was distributed in the
company’s territory as far as New
York and along its branches in this
state and elsewhere.
The coal famine throughout this sec
tion has reached such an acute stage
that many industries in the smaller
towns will soon hava to close and in
the country districts the distress is
so widespread that teams have start
ed from Schuykkill county coal fields,
thirty and forty miles distant, to sup
ply pressing necessities.
ST. PAUL. Minn.—Though fuel is
both scarce and high there is no
famine here yet and consequently but
little suffering, although the ther
mometer ranged 2 degrees be!./# zero
Sunday. A high northwest wind serv
ed to greatly intensify the cold and
blew fine flurries of snow with cutting
force in the faces of pedestrians.
DETROIT.—Mayor W. C. Maybury
will issue a call for the convention
in Washington decided on in Chicago
Saturday. While he would not give
the exact date for which the conven
tion will be called, he said it would
be within the next ten days.
BLOOMINGTON, 111.—Extreme cold
weather is delaying shipments of coal
from southern Illinois to the north.
The tonnage will have to be reduced
to enable traffic to move. It is said
that while low temperatures prevail
the speed of coal trains will be re
duced from 10 to 20 per cent.
SAY8 CONSPIRACY EXISTS.
Attorney General Summons Special
Grand Jury at Chicago.
SPRINGFIELD, 111,—A special grand
jury met In Chicago Saturday to in
vestigate the alleged conspiracy be
tween coal operators, railroads and
coal dealers to increase the price of
coal on the Chicago market.
Attorney General Hamlin will lead
the investigation. The attorney gen
eral recently secured the services of
competent men whom he sent to the
mines along the Chicago & Alton road,
and also other coal producing regions,
and the reports which they have made
convinced him that the market is be
ing controlled by certain dealers and
operators. The last report made to
him was received Friday afternoon
and contained some valuable informa
While the attorney general has not
made public the evidence with which
he has been furnished, he claims it
will show that certain coal operators
and dealers, some who are interested
in mines and some who are not, en
tered into an agreement by which
they could control the coal market.
He did not state that any of the rail
ways were Interested in the alleged
combination, although he has also in
vestigated on this point. Railroad of
ficials state that they lose no time in
transporting coal from the coal-produc
ing regions to Chicago, but that the
delay is caused by the dealers there
not returning the empty cars in due
time. This furnished an important
foundation for the inquiry, and on it
several interesting statements have
Forty witnesses were named in the
subpoenas given to the sheriff.
Small dealers are not the mark at
which the state's attorney aims. While
the names on the list of witnesses are
withheld, it is known that they are
those of mine owners and wholesale
dealers In coal.
The state’s attorney in his petition
for a special jury says:
“From Information brought to him
the state's attorney has reason to be
lieve that there exists among cer
tain owners and operators of coal
mines and certain dealers in bitumin
ous coal doing business in Cook coun
ty, a combination to do an Illegal act.
Injurious to the public trade, to-wlt:
To prevent competition in the sale and
delivery of such coal in the county
and to regulate and fix the price there
of, and that such a combination has
been entered into and exists to fix
and limit the amount and quantity of
such products as are mined in this
state and also such as are mined and
produced elsewhere and brought into
the county for consumption, and to
regulate and fix the price thereof.
"It is a matter of general informa
tion that, at the present time great
quantities of such products have been
brought into the county for sale and
consumption, and that the same is sold
only at exorbitant prices, so much be
yond the cost of production and trans
portation that such owners, operators
and dealers receive unreasonable prof
its and the consumers are required to
pay exorbitant prices; that by reason
of such combination and the withhold
i ing of sales thereunder great distress
and suffering prevail among the poor
In the community, who are unable to
pay such prices for such necessities,
and great hardships exist among the
different lines of industries requiring
a continuous supply of products to
carry on their business by reason ol
the pretended Inability of the opera
tors, owners and dealers to supply the
demand at the ordinary market
T.INCOL.N—The following bills were In
troduced In the senate Wednesday and
read for the first time:
S. F. 1. by Senator Howell of Douglas—
A bill for an act to provide In cities of
the metropolitan class, viz.: (I) For the
procedure In certain cases, by the mayor
and council. In the acquisition of a mu
nicipal water plant; <2) for the creation
of a water board. Its organization. Its
powers. Its duties, and the compensa
tion of Its members and employes; (3) for
penalties for Interference with water
plant, or employes of water board In
the discharge of their duties; <4) for a
water fund. Its revenues, and the dis
bursement tehereof; and amending sec
tions 13, 16, 24. 26, 29. 32, 33. 35. 67, 72, 96.
87, 89, 93, 94, 100, 101A, 136. 138 and 140 of
the Omaha charter emergency clause.
8. F. 2, by Senator Sheldon of Cass—
An art to legalize and make valid all
orders, judgments, decrees and findings
that have been made by any district
court In the stale of Nebrnska, In action
brought by any county In said state to
foreclose ulleged liens for taxes assessed
and levied on lands and lots In said
counties for state, county, school and
municipal purposes, and which actions
were not based on tax certificates, but
on the unpaid and delinquent taxes, and
wherein said counties foreclosed for
such county and ns trustee for the state
of Nebraska iytd the scverla school dis
tricts and various municipalities enti
tled to such tux, to legalize all sheriffs'
deeds made In such proceedings, and to
repeal all acts and parts of acts Incon
sistent herewith. Emergency clause.
8. F. 3, by Senator Sheldon—Authoriz
ing county hoards In the various coun
ties to establish boards of health to pre
vent the spread of coiUaglotts diseases,
one member of such board to be a phy
8. F. 4, by Senator Sheldon—A bill for
an act to protect the public health and
prevent the spread of contagious and In
fectious diseases. Confers sanitary au
thority on the state hoard of health and
Its secretaries; authorizes It to adopt
and enforce special quarantine regula
tions; provides for the appointment of
a .state health Inspector at a salary of
$1,900; requires local officers to make
timely reports of the existence of cer
tain diseases; provides penalties and car
ries a $10,000 appropriation. Emergency
8. F. 6, l>y Senator 8heldon—To require
applicants for a permit to practice medi
cine to submit to an examination by the
slate board of health on topics “a knowl
edge of which Is commonly and generally
required of candidates for a degree of a
doctor of medicine by reputable medical
colleges," and to raise the applicant's
fee from $10 to $25, of which $20 shall be
divided among the secretaries and $5 de
voted to a fund for the prosecution of
8. F. 6. by Senator O'Neill of I.ancas
tcr—An act to amend section 4 of chapter
S4 of the compiled statutes. Removing
the limit as to the size of the state cem
etery at ldncoln.
8. F. 7. by Senator Marshall of Otoe—
To amend section 19 of chapter 10. re
lating lo “Bonds and Oaths." fixing the
bonds of sheriffs in counties of over 10,
000 inhabitants at $10,000, and of county
commissioners or supervisors when the
population does not exceed 5.000 at $1,000;
when the population Is over 5,000 and lesH
than 10,000 at $2,000; when the popula
tion exceeds 10,000 and less than 15,000,
at $5,000; when the population exceeds
15.000 and less than 20,000, at $10,000; when
the' population exceeds 20,000 and less
than 35,000. at $15,000; when the popula
tion exceeds 85,000, at $25,000, and road
overseers at $100.
S. F. 8. by Senator Marshall—To amend
sections 63 and 54, chapter 18, and entttled
“Counties and County Officers," making
county commissioners elective by a full
vote of the county, Instead of by the vote
of their respective districts, and repeal
ing the clause In section 54 relating to
the election of county commissioners In
counties • having a population of more
than 70,000 and less than 125,000.
8. F. 9, by Senator Hastings of Butler—
An act creating a board of pardons of
three members, defining their duties and
fixing their compensation at $5 per day.
and repealing all acts or parts of acts in
conflict. Emergency clause.
S. F. 10. by 8enator Marshall—To legal
ize the Issuance of bonds for the estab
lishment and maintenance of a heating
and lighting system In villages and cities
of the second class, having less than
8. F. 11, by Benator Hall of Douglas—
Extending life of supreme court commis
sioners to April 10, 1905, at the discretion
of the court, and authorizing the court.
If It wishes, to reduce the number of
commissioners and stenographers to six
8. F. 12, by Senator Hall of Douglas—
A bill for an act to provide for appeal to
the supreme court In all canes except
criminal cases, requires appeals to be
taken within six months.
8. F. 13. by Senator Beghtol of I.an
?o*ter— Relating to roads.
In the senate on Thursday very little
work of linportcnee was transacted out
side of the appointment of committees.
The following bills were Introduced;
8. F. 14, by Hastings of Butler—Act to
amend section 12 article 1, chapter 2, of
the Compiled Statutes, relating to agri
8. F. 15, by Marshall of Otoe—Act to re
peal section 3, chapter xll, entitled “Day
8. F. 16, by Marshall of Otoe—Act to
amend section 65, chapter lxxlil, entitled
"Compiled Abstracts of Title Bonds."
8. F. 17, by Marshall of Otoe—To define
scope of Deaf and Dumb school.
Senate adjourned to meet at 2 o'clock
On Wednesday morning Speaker Moek
et» rapped the house to order at 10:30.
Prayer was offered by the chaplain, Rev.
flood of Nemaha moved the appoint
ment of a committee of five to determine,
for the speaker's guidance, what and
how many house employes would he re
quired. The motion prevailed. Rouse
of Hall, Nelson of Douglas and Ander
son of Knox were appointed to act with
a like committee from the senate to no
tify the governor that the legislature
Is organized and ready to heur from him.
The speaker appointed Caldwell of Clay,
Flehback of Clay, Bweezy of Webster,
Ford of Thayer and Kggenburger of Fill
more a committee to draft suitable res
olutions on the death of Representative
John R. Mustek of Nuckolls county.
On motion of Rouse of Hall, Atwood
of Seward was excused for one week
from attending the sessions of the house,
on account of sickness. On motion of
Morsman of Douglas, J. A. C. Kennedy,
the fusion member of the Douglas dele
gation. was excused for a period of two
weeks, also on account of sickness.
The Joint committee on arrangements
reported that Governor Savage would
read his message at noon Thursday, and
that a Joint session would be held at
noon Wednesday to canvass the vote. In
pursuance to this arrangement, at. 12
sharp, “the honorable senate of the state
of Nebraska" was announced, and Hied
into Representative hall.
The joint assembly was called to order
by Lieutenant Governor Steele, who pre
sided. The secretary of state then an
nounced ttie result of the last general
election, the total vote being 198,574, di
vided among the candidates ns follows:
Governor: Mickey (R), 96,471; Thompson
(F). 91.U6; Travis (Pro.), 3,397; Higelow
(Sic.), 3,157; scattering. 2.
Lieutenant governor: McGilton (R),
98,320; Gilbert (F), 87,009; lllghtner (Pro.),
4,129; Plugh iSoc.), 3.4S2.
Secretary of state: March (R.). 99,128;
Powers (F.). 86,044; Norton (Pro.), 4,133;
Koe (Hoc.), 3,462; scattering, I.
Treasurer: Mortensen (R.), 99,944; Ly
man (F. >, 84.830; Maddox (Pro.), 4,140;
Stolley (Hoc.», 3,050.
Auuuor: weston <k.), 99,747; u« France
(F.), 8.3,960. Dale (Pro.), 4,578; Llppencott
(Soc.), 3,734; scattering, 2.
Attorney general: Protit (R.), 98,581;
Broudy (F.), 85,512; Clark (Pro.), 4,394;
Burleigh (Soc.), 3,68; scattering, 2.
Land commissioner: Follmer (R.), 99.
3*8: Brennan (F.). 84,188; Dilworth (Pro.),
4,304; Adams (Soc.), 3,817; scattering, 1.
Superintendent public Instruction: Fow
ler (R.), 99,941; Smith (F.>, 83,669: Howard
(Pro.), 4,328; Spencer (Soc.), 3,759; scat
First district: Burkett (R.), 18,534;
Hunks (F.), 11.603; Fraser (Pro.), 579;
Christensen (Soc.), 362.
Becond district: Mercer (R.), 11,669;
Hitchcock (F.), 13,509; McCaffrey (Soc.),
Third district: McCarthy (R.), 19,201;
Robinson <F.), 18,541; Beveridge (Pro.),
632; scattering, 3.
Fourth district; Hlnshaw (B), 19,337;
Stark IF.), 16,838; Furley (Pro.). 743.
Fifth district: Norris (R.), 14,927; Shal
lenberger (F.), 14,746; Stoddurd (Pro.),
496, scattering, 2.
Sixth district: Klnkald (R.), 16,699; Bar
ry (F.), 13.997; Swander (Pro.), 660; Wise
ly (Soc.), 463.
Judges, Fourth judicial dlsterlct, to 111
vacancy: Day <R.). 23,941; Read (R.), 23,
502. (No opposition.)
Constitutional amendment: For, 49,147;
On motion of Senator Harrison of Hall,
the candidates shown elected by the
tabulation prepared by the secretary of
state were declared by the speaker to
Senator Harrison moved that when the
Joint session adjourned, It be until 2
o'clock tomorrow to receive the mes
sages of the outgoing and Incoming ex
ecutives and witness the inauguration of
the state officers. The motion prevailed
and the Joint convention then adjourned.
On reconvening, the house, on motion
of Sears of Burt, adjourned for the day.
Aside from naming of house employe*
practically no business was transacted on
Thursday. A resolution on the death of
John R. Music was adopted.
On motion of RouBe of Hall It was or
dered that when the house adjourn It b*
to meet at 11 o’clock Tuesday morning.
CLAIM BABIES WERE FED.
Mr*. Tingley’s Worker* Deny Allega
tions Made in Libel Suit
SAN DIEGO, Cal—When the Ting
ley-Times trial opened Tuesday Mr.
Ixjuis Kramer, who has charge of the
kitchen and commissary department at
Point Ix>ma, said the children were
given an abundance of the best food
Dr. L. F. Wood, physician at the
homestead, was next called and was
asked haw many infants-in-arms there
were at the Institution.
“About half a dozen.”
‘Who were their mothers?”
“Some were orphans and in at leant
one instance the parents lived at the
homestead, the babies spending part of
tbe time in the colony and part with
parents at the homestead.”
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