Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905, December 21, 1899, Image 4

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British Suffer Heavy Los and Lose
Eleven Cannon One English
Regiment Cut to Pieces.
London. (Special.) General Buller.
In attempting to cross the Tugela riv
er Friday, was defeated. Finding It
Impossible to effect bis object, he or
dered a retirement In order to avoid
greater losses. He left eleven guns be
hind. The following is the text of Gen.
iral Buller' dispatch, announcing his
"Buller to Lansdowne: Chively Camp,
Dec. 15. 8:30 p. m. I regret to report
serious reverse. I moved in full
strength from our camp near Chively
at 4 this morning. There art two
fordable places in the Tugela river, and
It was my intention to force a passage
through one of them. They are about
two miles apart.
"My intention was to force one or the
other with one brigade, supported by a
central brigade. General Hart was to
attack the left drift. General Hi Id yard
the right road and General Lyttleton
was to take the center and to support
"Early in the day I saw that Gen
eral Hart would not be able to force a
passage and I directed him to with
draw. He had, however, attacked with
great gallantry and his leading battal
ion, the Connaught Rangers, I fear,
suffered a great deal. Colonel I. G.
Brooke was seriously wounded.
"I then ordered General Hildyard to
advance, which he did, and his leading
regiment, the East Surrey, occupied
Colenso station and" the houses near
the bridge. At that moment I heard
that the whole artillery I had sent to
upport the attack the Fourteenth
and Sixty-sixth field batteries and the
six naval twelve-pounder quick-firers,
under Colonel Long, had advanced
dose to the river in Long's desire to
be within effective range. It proved to
be full of the enemy, who suddenly
opened a galling fire at close range,
killing all their horses, and the gun
ners were compelled to stand to their
runs. Some of the wagon teams got
shelter for troops In a donga, and des
perate efforts were being made to get
ut the field guns. The two field bat
teries suffered severe losses.
"The fire, however, was too severe
and only two were saved by Captain
Echofleld and some drivers whose name
will furnish.
"Another most gallant attempt, with
three teams, was made by an officer
whose name I will obtain. Of the
eie-hteen horses, thirteen were killed
and as several drivers were wounded,
I would not allow another attempt, as
It seemed that they would be a shell
mark, sacrificing life to a gallant at
tempt to force the passage unsupporx
ed by artillery. I directed the troops
to withdraw, which they did In good
"Throughout the day a considerable
force of the enemy was pressing on my
right flank, but was kept back by
mounted men under Lord Dundonald
and Dart of General Barton's Dngaae
The day waa Intensely, hot and most
trying for the troops, whose conduct
was excellent. We have abandoned
ten sruns and lost by shell fire one.
"In General Hart's brigade, the loss.
I fear. Is heavy, although the propor
tion of severely wounded, l nope, is
not large. The Fourteenth and Sixty
ninth field batteries also suffered se
vere losses. We have retired to our
camp at Chively."
Tendon. (Special.) The news of
General Boiler's reverse was received
so late that morning newspaper com
ment today Is confined to perfunctory
expressions of extreme regret and dis
appointment. This latest check is re
garded as the most serious event in
Great Britain's history since the In
dian mutiny.
The Standard says:
"General Buller's dispatch Is deplor
able re Ad lag. It Is the now familiar
story of concealed Boers and of British
troops marching up blindly almost to
the very muzzles of the enemy's rifles.
It will be to aggravate our difficulties
over the whole field of operations. The
country has discovered with annoyance
and surprise that subduing the Boers
Is about the hardest work we have en
tered upon since the India nmutiny.
Their commandants have been shown
sble to give our generals useful hints
in modern tactics."
The Times says:
"Since the days of the Indian mutiny
the nation has not been confronted
with so painful and anxious a situa
tion. Plainly General Buller's advance
1s paralysed for the moment as com
pletely as Lord Methuen's and General
Oat acre's."
The depression over the defeat of
Great Britain's trusted and Idolised
commander is all the greater as dur
ing the last forty-eight hours there had
been no reports of Ladysmlth. Yes
terday the war office allowed It to be
understood that the position of affairs
In Natal was entirely satisfactory- The
reaction Is all the more pronounced cn
this account. The gloomy Information
etmt too late to reach the service clubs
and only a few Journalists and strag
glers were waiting at the war office,
ft has hardly been realised until now.
rcn after the experience of the week
that General Buller could fall. Vir
tually nothing has been allowed to leak
through regarding his preparations.but
the public waited patiently in the con
fident belief that he waa taking such
time aad precaution as would ensure
Mo indaoandent report of the en
gagement have yet been allowed to
eon through, but General Buller's own
tale tells the sad story In sufficient
outline to show that the British have
bee entrapped again by the astute
Boar. It was not anticipated that
Oeneral Buller would make a frontal
Attack. No criticisms of hi movement
are made, however, since apparently he
offered a reverse rather than a defeat
ud dM not push the attack home, but
It OS in tne miaaie, so as v
Mn aTl usilsss sacrifice of life.
It la expected that be will renew the
attack bortly.
IiasMd lately on receiving the news,
the- war otto decided to mobilise still
Mother division and to replace the
I Off artillery, Tne necessary rmm-
wltl be hwrneo- on a soon
Fifteen transports are
do to arrive at Capetown between De
cember IT and January It with about
IS 000 troops of all arm, but unless)
Oeneral Buller is enabled to renew the
attack, which Is doubtful, the British
Generals will be compelled for another
fortnight or more to remain practically
on the defensive.
The latest dispatches indicate the
continued bombardment of Ladysmlth,
whose position is now perilous. Major
General Sir Herbert Charles Chermslde
has been appointed to command the
Fourteenth brigade In the Seventh di
vision, i
The list of casualties among the
noncommissioned officers and men in
the fight at Magersfontein, just Issued,
shows fifty-five killed, 253 wounded
(twenty-one severely) and seventy-six
missing. This, however, la apparently
not a complete list.
New York. (Special.) " 'To Pretoria,'
the British cry is on a level with the
Paris cry of 1870, 'A Berlin." "
This Is an extract from a letter writ
ter by General Joubert from Lady
smlth under date of October 27 to a
contributor to the Berlin Gazette, In
which paper it was published in full.
Other passages which at this Juncture
will be. read with peculiar interest fol
low: "Ever since the infamous Jameson
raid of 1896 our government was con
vinced that some disreputable character
would urge England to war. Its mean
ing could not be mistaken. It could
have for its sole object only the an
nihilation of the Boer republic. We
were equally sure that we would have
to depend on our own resources, for
although we knew that this war would
meet with the unanimous condemna
tion of all European powers we did not
anticipate that any of them would
summon strength to come to our res
"England's arrogance and her strong
navy have so cowed the European pow
ers that they dare not bid her stop
in her despicable land grabbing, not
even where their own interests are
Involved. Knowing these circumstances
we depended solely on ourselves, Im
proved our means of defense and tried
to keep the English in the dark as to
our real preparations. To this purpose
we gave their disguised spies access to
our antiquated guns and artillery, but
were very careful to conceal from them
our modern artillery parks. Our cal
culations proved correct. The English
public credited these misleading re
ports. Their cry, 'To Pretoria,' is on
a level with the Parisian cry of 1870, 'A
Your letter lays much stress on the
numerical superiority of the English,
but, In my opinion, the example is a
different one. England cannot send
mort than 85,000 soldiers to the Trans
vaal without withdrawing all her
troops from the colonies. This Is in
Itself an imposing army, but only half
of them will be available. Granting
that England will have effected the
landing of her troops by the middle ot
December, she will have lost in tit
meantime at least 10,000 through deaths,
casualties, desertions and captures.
Their number would accordingly be re
duced to 75,000. We will try to pre
vent the Junction of the English forces
under Buller. but even If we should not
succeed the English will be unable to
put more than 35,000 men in the field
against us. The rest will be needed
for garrisons and protection of their
bases of operations.
"The scene of the war will cover Na
tal and Cape Colony, an area of say 70C
kilometers. Our own camp Is protected
by three mountain ranges, and 500 men
are amply sufficient for Its protection.
Our communication is excellent The
outposts have command of and facili
ties for destroying provisions in case
their position becomes untenable, if
the war should be carried into our
own country, for which there are no
prospects at present, our advantages
would become greater yet. For while
facing unknown conditions In the Na
tal and the south, we art quite able to
make use of the splendid opportunities
of defense which our own country of
fers. "The enemy will meet a very stub
born resistance In the Transvaal and
Orange Free State, and every Inch of
ground will cost them dear. , You cor
rectly suggest that we most likely
would resort to guerrilla tactics. A
few months will be sufficient to show
to England the impossibility of the task
she has undertaken. Her losses will
be tremendous."
London. (Special.) Of the army of
Great Britain 75.500 men are now in
South Africa. This is exclusive of all
the colonial forces raised there and in
Canada and Australia, estimated to
number 20,000. The fifth division, com
prising 10.000 men, is now embarking
or ready to embark, the sixth division
of 10,000 men Is mobilizing, orders for
the seventh division of 10,000 to be
mobilized have Just been Issued. The
total reserve this year, according to
parliamentary estimates, is 81.000.
When all the above is at the front or
mobilized. 40,000 of the reserves will
have been exhausted. There remain of
the British regular army establishment
121.000 men. Of these 45,000 are in
Egypt, at Mediterranean points and
other British garrisons throughout the
Beyond this the war office figures
show 112,000 militia. These men have
one month's training each year with a
few regular army officers scatter!
through the regimental Starrs. Ten
thousand of these have been called for
home garrison duty. Next follow 232,
000 volunteers, with some regular army
officers serving with them, but equal
In all respects to the national guard of
the United States.
Military experts on all papers agree
that Great Britain Is prepared In a
measure for any foreign attack In this,
that the only unsafe point is the Rus
sian frontier in India. The regular
force In India, exclusive of all the
above figures, was In July last 73,162.
Of these only 8,000 have been sent to
South Africa. India, experts declare, is
safe, and Great Britain's navy. If ready
III be a Me to meet ana cneca any
demonstration of any two foreign pow
ers combined, even If It takes the form
of an attack In Egypt In the effort to
partition Morocco or provide Russia
with a port In the eastern Mediterra
nean. "
Washington. D. C (Special. Secre
tary Gage has announced that he would
anticipate the Interest due on January
1, 1M0, on registered and coupon 4 per
cent consul of 1907, without rebate.
Checks to the number of 20,563 will be
mailed to holders of the registered
bonds and Interest on the coupons will
be paid on presentation of same. The
amount of the former Is $4,306,505, and
the latter $671,381. making a total of
S.067.S80, less the interest on bonds al
ready anticipated by the secretary' or
der of October 10 to pay Interest due
at any time during the present fiscal
year, with a rebate of about 1.4 per
cent. Application for Interest to be
come due under the offer of October It
must be made before January L
Amount Not as Large a the Last-
Con Succeeds Allen Stat
University News.
Lincoln, Neb. (Special.) Stat Bu
perlntendent of Education Jackson has
completed the apportionment of the
semi-annual distribution of the tern
porary school fund among the coun
ties of the state for the benefit of the
public schools. The apportionment thi
year show a larger number of chll
dren of school age than last year. The
Increase of school children Is 6,676
From decrease in revenues which have
been shown heretofore, the apportion
ment Is slightly less than It was last
year, a falling off of nearly 68,000 being
shown. This, with the Increase in the
number of children, makes the amoun
distributed per capita less than It has
been for two or three years. The table
here given shows the number of chll
dren of school age In each county and
the amount of money distributed by the
state to each county.
The certificate of the state superin
Undent to the state auditor shows, as
did the certificate of the treasurer sent
to the superintendent a few days ago,
the sources from which the temporary
achoo fund is derived.
Thi certificate shows that the fund
come from these sources:
tats tax f 77,336.72
Interest on United States bonds. 600.00
Interest on state bonds 4.500
latsrest on county bonds 72,ii ui
Intsrtst on school district bonds. C77.4S
Interest on school lands sold...... 66,317.06
Interest on school lands leased.. sl.3M.ii
Interest on saline lands sold 1,465.(0
Interest on saline lands leased... 1,630. l
Interest on slate warrants 12,5KB. 56
Pedd era' license K-4U
Buffalo County National bank... 501.00
Total amount 6232,8a. 58
The total amount of money distrlb
Oted this time is 6292,883.59. The total
number of children of school age re
ported is 372,715, thus making the per
capita distribution or rate per pupil
60.7S5747. This is the distribution by
No. of
County. Scholars.
Adams 7,035
Antelope 4,134
Banner 381
felalna 163
Boone ... 4.033
Box Butte 1,542
Boyd l.71
Brown 1.22S
Buffalo 8.150
Burt 4.504
Butler 6,83:
Cans .. 7,670
Cedar 4,320
Chase 19
Cherry 1.641
Cheyenne 1.3S4
Clay 6.068
Colfax 4,464
Cuming , 4,452
Custer 7,727
Dakota 2.3S7
Dw 2,218
Dawson 4,664
DU 733
Dtxon Z,1
Dodge 7,870
Douglas 42,320
Dundy fl
Fillmore. 6.673
Franklin 3,32
Frontier 3.387
Furnas 4,637
Gage 10.463
GarAeld 644
GoBper 1,98
Grant 198
Greeley 2.153
Hall 6,104
Hamilton 6.112
Harlan 3.5S8
Hayes 6
Hitchcock 1.774
Holt 4.252
Hooker 55
Howard ,. 4,091
Jefferson 6,630
Johnson 4,049
Kearney 3,867
Keith .' 715
Keys. Paha 1,070
Kimball 247
Knox 5,133
Lancaster 20,99,1
Lincoln 3.943
Logan 304
Loup 441
Madison 6,084
McPherson ...... S3
Warrick 3,046
Nance 2,782
Nemaha 6.2S7
i 6.S27.73
6,248. 2S
4.62 48
3.34 41
1,210 84
6,071 .47
1.781. 2
575. n
6.1S3 H3
6J 38
4,467 55
6t. 03
156. 68
3,24 i.w
8.214 49
3,1 HI. 49
ISM. 08
4,780. 4S
6.148. 7H
Nuckolls 4,565
Otoe 7,
Pawnee , 4,03
Perkins 555
Phelps ,. 3,8
Pierce 2.S17
Platte 6,554
Polk 4.067
Red Willow 3,48
Richardson 7,072
Rock 1,036
Saline 7,101
Sarpy 2,911!
Saunders 8.236
Scott's Bluff 788
Seward ; 6,620
Sheridan 2,2)1
Sherman 2,641
Sioux est
Stanton, 2,670
Thayer 6,246
Thomas 1W
Thurston 1,78
Valley 2,666
Washington 4.676
Wayne 3.435
Webster 4,W
Wheeler 527
York 6,U1
6,67V 59
9w 10
463. 56
4,415. J
1,7.17. a
W 45
2.0W 95
Totals 372,745 $292,883. 56
Gov. Poynter has appointed Doug
las Cones of Plalnview, Pierce county,
to be district Judge of the Ninth Ju
dicial district to succeed Judge W. V.
Allen, appointed to the United States
senate. Judge Cones is a democrat and
was born In 1865, In Scott county, la.
He was educated at Oberlin college and
studied law In the office of Sullivan &
Reeder at Columbus, Neb., being ad
mitted to practice In 1886. He removed
to Pierce county from Columbus soon
after and was elected county attorney
of Pierce county, serving during 1891
to 16m. A. O. Williams of Antelope
county, who has been court reporter
of the district for eversl years, will
be retained In that position by Judge
The governor ha appointed J. C.
Dahlman, R. M. Allen and Peter Jan
sen to be delegate to the annual con
vention of the National Live Stock as
sociation, which meet at Fort Worth
January !
In the report of Acting Chancellor
Bessey of the state university some or
the points which he dwells upon In his
suggestions of future policy are of
more than ordinary Interest. One sug
gestion I that probably In the next
generation most of the buildings of the
university will be located on the state
farm. This come a something of a
surprise to many who have not kept
track of the growth of the university,
but It 1 probably a proper solution
for h growing conditions of over
crowding that has already been felt
ob the campus. The erection of the
new building on the state farm, the
removal of the experiment station and
agricultural school out there are but
til beginning of what must come with
the continued growth of the several de
partment of the university.
The chancellor's recommendation foe
Improvement and strengthening of the
agricultural school la la line with the
plan of the progressive members of
the board, and Is a continuance of the
plans Inaugurated last year for a
greater scope In the Instructional
course. The Increase of the number of
students is shown by the acting chan
cellor to be a powerful argument In
favor of perfecting plans for more
room. The founders of the university
never dreamed the big institution that
now flourishes on the ground they laid
out, and it has outgrown the clothes
fashioned for It in its early youth. Act
ing Chancellor Bessey, in his report,
points out these things as necessary to
be carefully considered In the future
and the board of regents evidently ap
preciates the welgrt of his recommend.
Chairman Edmlston Issues Procla
mation to Stats Committee
Lincoln. Neb. (Special.) The call for
the populist state central committee
meeting, issued bv Chairman Edmlsten.
1. hr. irivn-
'To the State Central Committee of
the PeoDle s IndeDendent Party of the
Slate of Nebraska: You are hereby
oIIaH tn rti cat fn lh r1 v e,f T .t 11 ml M
l.ni.rv l ion t 8 n tn at the Un-
fnr tha r,nr4r.u. nf meettns
nnmKor' nf the national committee-
men ft niir no r4 v frftm rl h.r Rtatpft and
for tha ei.rthor nnrmu nf transactlna
ajiv business that mav come befors
rh.m ji....inir h future net Ion
nf th mrt. n hnih .to t nnil nation,
To this meeting is invited all of those
who are interested in the future sue-
n mi nt th na rt V
" " . .. . .
"On January 6 at 10 a. m. the staw
committee will meet In executive ses- lighting system, Waukesha, wis., pop
slon at the same place. All of the ulatlon 8.000, pays $78 per year for each
leaders and prominent men of the par-
t TnwtHi to attend these meet.
Ings and take part in their dellbera- population 8,273, furnishes itself with
Hons. The national committeemen of street arcs at a cost of $44.50 per an
Iowa. Kansas. Colorado, South Dakota num. which Includes 7V4 per cent for
and a number of committeemen or om-
r atiita nra at nct i(4 to be rtresent.
"ifinintinn. tn (Tinimnn Senator
Marion Dutler of North Carolina, and
Secretary Hon. J. A. Edgerton or Den-
vav rvtirt rtf iha nntlnnnl committee.
Vtnv hun nanf nnA it is hooed they
will be present. We have no doubt but
all who attend those meetings will feel
well paid for their time and trouDie.
Yours for a successful fight In th
state and nation in 1900.
J. H. EDM! STEM, Chairman.
F. W. WILSON, Secretary."
natrrttHo Voh While Clvde Pendar
vis and Eddie Knapp were carelessly
playing with a revolver, the weapon
was accidentally discharged, tne nan
penetrating the leg of Eddie Knapp.
The boy was brought to town and the
local surgeon cut the bullet out
Overton. Neb. A stabbing affair oc
curred at Overton Wednesday night
The quarrel started between two young
men, Harry Carr and Frank Hend
richson. Harry Carr stabbed Hend-
richson nine times in the back and
side, causing him to fall from loss or
blood. He was carried Into a barber
shop close by. Dr. E. A. Bbardman
was called and drensetl tne wounas.
The injured man Is resting easy at this
writine. Carr was arrested, naa
hearing and was bound over to the
next term of court.
Shubert, Neb. This little town has
within Its corporate limits as a citizen
one of the soldiers who received the
prize money for capturing jenerson
Davis at the close of the civil war, j.
"', " TT ,.t.,i: r r.;r ;,r,"7
five vears have passed away since the
event, Mr. wneeier is sun nearly o.m
- .... . . - .. --.a 1
bears ms years wen. mis minu is ciear
and he tells with relish the events and
Incidents preceding and after the cap
ture. He denies the story so often told
that Mr. Davis was draped In his wife's
lothing. He is a very interesting talk
er and will Interest any one who takes
an interest in the Incidents connected
with the great rebellion.
Table Rock, Neb. Surveyors are at
large In this section. They are laying
out a road south of Nebraska City, the
iaea oeing mat a. new ium i n-
plated by the Burlington & Missouri
from Auburn to Nebraska City, and
from Auburn to this place. The sur
vevors passed Just east of Julian and
near Paul, on the east. This road has
lonar been talked about in thlo section,
and some time ago surveys were made,
the idea being for the Burlington &
Missouri people to do away with the
troublesome and expensive line along
the river. It is also stated that a sta
on will be laid out at Harney, not far
from Paul. The proposed line will not
only be a money-saver for the com
pany. as It costs a small fortune eath
year to retair high water damages,
but will save several miles of travel
and afford better and safer speed.
Omaha. Neb. (Special.) John A.
Llnderman, the Adams lumber dealer
who pleaded guilty on Wednesday to
having sent a scurrilous letter through
the malls to a young wi man who work
ed In a restaurant In his town, will
hardly use the malls for that purpose
again. Judge Munger would not affix
a penalty to the offense last evening,
because, he had not seen the letter upon
which the complaint was founded,
which was In the possession of one of
the witnesses who was not In court.
District Attorney Bummers managed
to get hold of the letter, however, and
the Judge sccordlngly got a, glimpse of
Its contents. Ex-Kenator Murphy of
Beatrice, who appeared for the defend
ant, was anxious to get bark home In
the morning, and Judge Munger got
Into court about 8 o'clock to accommo
date him. The defendant and his coun
sel were doubtless somewhat abashed
when the sentence was pronounced. It
was that Llnderman should pay a fine
of 1500 and costs. The court suspended
execution of sentence for fifteen days
to allow Llnderman to raise the money.
Washlngton, D. C Mr. Pettlgrew's
resolution asking for Information as to
nether the flar of the Philippine re-
public had ever been saluted by the
American forces In the Philippines
came up. Mr. Chandler moved u lay
the resolution on the table. Pettlgrew
asked a withdrawal of the motion, but
tes was declined.
Chandler said that every work of the
resolution and speeches made upon It
would be cabled to Manila. Pettlgrew
called for the ayes and nays on the
motion to lay on the table. The vote
resulted 61 ayes to 20 nays.
The senate agreed to the house
Christmas resolution and agreed to
meet to receive report on the com-
position of Its committee for thi cen-
sus. I
City Ownership,
Under private ownership of electric
lights, Vlncennea, Ind., population 12,
000, pays fM per year per street arc.
Cost of coal per ton, 65 cents
Under city ownership of electric
lights. Bowling Green, Ky population
12,000, pays $56.03 per year (which in
cludes per cent for Interest and
depreciation) per street arc. Cost of
coal per ton, $1.28.
Under private ownership of electric
lights, Racine, Wis., population 77,000,
pays 398.50 annually for each street
arc lamp.
Under public ownership of electric
lights, Decatur, II., with a population of
27,000, pays 650 for tne same service,
which includes 7V4 per cent for In
terest and depreciation of plant.
London. O.. with a population of 6,
000. furnishes its own electric llghtln
service at a cost of $57.58 per street
arc per year, which charge Includes 7V4
per ceni ior interest aim uci.n
Cost of coal, $1.81 per ton.
Pomeroy. O.. doesn't do it that way,
, . mutk AA ..
ney pay a private vumiuj o.w
street arc per year, coai, 01 cent per
Under nrivate ownership Danville,
111.. noDulatton 16.000. pays $80 annual
rental for street arc lamps. Cost of
I COal ter tOn. 60 CentS
Under public ownership Hannibal
Mo., population 16.000, pays yearly
1 140 79 for each street arcwhicb also In
eludes 7 per cent for Interest and de
preclation of plant Coal, $1.40 per
1 ton.
I . -1 1 i..t
unaer private ownersmp ui cici-wiv
street arc
Under public ownership Marietta, O.
interest ana aepreciauuu ui ymm-
I 11 "
I Under nrlvate ownership. Lebanon
I Pa., population 18,000, pays an annual
rental of $104 lor eacn street arc mmp.
I fnn 1 ner ton. 3L65.
I T .Ti tr;i n snort. Ind.. population 18,000,
does It different, the city owns the
plant and it costs them $24.44 per street
arc per year, wnicn mciuues o per ten
Interest and depreciation of plant
charges. Coal per ton, $1.65.
Under private ownership. Big Rap
ids, Mich., population 5,200, pays 4i
rr annum for each street arc. Plant
nnernted bv water power.
TTnrier nub c ownersmp tsrameru
Minn nnnulatlon 5.701. Pays $12.50 lor
the same service, which charge Includes
5 per cent for Interest and depreciation
Water power is used.
Under private ownership of electric
lights Watertown. N. Y.. population
20,000, pays $S2.12 per annum rental for
street arcs, water power is useu.
Under public ownership, Hangar, me.
nnnulatlon 20.000. pays $58.04 per annum
for street arcs, which includes 5 per
cent for depreciation of plant. Water
power is used.
Under private ownership Fulton, N
Y nonulation 5.000. Days 660 per annum
ront ner street arc Water power Is
used. This price is too high, because
Under public ownership Nlles, Mich.,
population 5,000, pays $26.48 for the
same service, which Includes & per
ni for Interest and depreciation of
plant. Water power Is used.
Under nrivate ownership, Sacramen
to. CaX. population 35,000, pays $123 per
annum rent for each street arc. Water
nnwer is used.
Tinder Dut c ownersmp ioic.,
Kan.. Dooulation 35,000, pays $53.73 for
cent for interest and depreciation, coal
- Per lu"
..,,.. ,, ,nrh!n Dallas.
:,, tn nun novation ner
":l ni
annum rent for each street arc. Coal
! 13.75 rer ton.
Under public ownersmp oaiveston,
Tex., population 50,000, pays $84.73,
which Includes 5 per cent ior interest
and depreciation of plant Coal, $4
ner ton.
Under private ownersmp, unimcouie,
O., population 15,000, pays $75 per an
num for the light of eacn street arc
Coal $2 ner ton.
Under public ownership, Aiameaa,
population 15,000, pays $56.08 for
t),e game service, which includes 0 per
cpnt for lnterPt and depreciation of
plant. Coal, $6.25 per ton. (Six' dol
lars and twenty-five cents per ton.)
Under private ownership of electric
lights. Elyria. O., population 10,000,
pays $75 per year per street arc. Coal
per ton, $1.40.
Under city ownersmp, i;oiumous, jna.
population 10,000, pays $59.42 for the
same service, including 5 per cent in
terest and depreciation charge. Coal
per Ion, $1 69.
Under private ownership the citizens
of Bessemer, Mich:, pay $1 per monlp
for Incandescent electric lights
Under public ownership the citizens
of Stanton, Mich:, pay 50 cents for the
same service.
The citizens of Greenville. Mich., be
lleve in the private ownership Idea and
pay a corporation $1 per month ror
each Incandescent light they use. The
company utilizes water power.
People living In Marshall, Mich.,
practice city ownership and pay the
municipality 38 cents for the same serv
ice that Greenville citizens pay $1 for.
The city plant at Marshall is run by
water power.
Citizens of Calcaska, Mich., patronize
a private company purchasing electric
lights, and an Incandescent light costs
$2.50 per month.
At South Haven, Mich., the munici
pality owns the electric plant and fur
nishes the same service to citizens at
35 per lamp per month.
The electric lighting plant at Muske
gon, Mich., Is owned by a corporation
which charge $1 per month per incan
descent light.
At Three Oaks, Mich., the city owns
the plant and charges 35 cents for the
same service.
Lincoln, Neb., Dec. 19. Governor
Poynter has announced that he has se
lected for appointment a auperintend-
ent of the Industrial school for boys at
Kearney, J, N. Campbell, who Is at
present assistant superintendent, and
for assistant superintendent, Obadlah
Hull of Harlan county.
-me governor, iwfmwr , receivea
the resignation of C. W. Hoxle, the
present superintendent of the institu
lion, to take effect February 1, 1600.
The appointment take effect at that
time. '
Hull served in the legislature several
terms, and both he and Campbell have
been prominently identified with the
populist party since Its organization
In a suit to recover the price of a
bicycle sold on the Installment plan an
Albany court decided that a bicycle I
not a necessity 10 a gin under age
Lib d Irlitfrj.
Baker used ,60.09 bread label la
New York housesmlth and brtdge
men get $3 .20 for eight hours.
Button workers In Rochester, N. Y.,
have secured a substantial Increase la
St. Louis now ha a Tobacco Work
ers' union made up entirely of colored
Oout of 1,100,000 in Massachusetts en
gaged In gainful occupations, only t,7M
are employed pn tsunaays.
Reporters and newspaper writer In
Troy, N. Y., have formed a union sub
ordinate to tle International Typo
graphical union.
Eight months ago there were but
three unions In Niagara Fails, N. Y.;
today that town boasts of twenty-two
organized bodies.
Twenty-eight railroad employes re
signed at Auburn, Ind., on account of
the careless management of the com
pany, resulting In fatal accidents.
Ten carloads of mule shoe and on
carload of nails were loaded on the
Manchester City at New Orleans last
week fr shipment to South Africa for
use by the British.
Fall River cotton mills paid divi
dends amounting to 5.71 per cent last
year, the largest since 1892. Th item
I completed with the advance of 10 per
cent in the wage of 28,000 workmen.
It Is announced that the steel rail
workers In the South Chicago mills of
the Illinois Steel Works will recelv
an advance of 10 per cent on January
L They are already getting $75 to $150
a month.
De Moines. Council Bluff, Dubuque
Davenport and Ottumwa are to hava,
40-cent fuel gas within three month
and probably 60-cent illuminating gas,
accord In gto the promises of the Iowa
By-Product Coke company, capitalised
at $3,000,000.
The production of oleomargarine dur
ing the fiscal year 189S was 83.130.474
pound, In contrast with 57,510.124 dur
ing the preceding year. The record for'
last year was the best In the history
of the Industry, bringing receipts from
the tax to nearly $2,000,000.
The Iron Age reports that 28S.S2tont
of pig Iron are produced weekly In th
United States on November 1, against
278,650 October 1 and 243.510 January. 1.
The last figures show what the work
were prepared to do with Bessemer pig
quoted at $10.75 at Pittsburg and an
advance In the price there to $24.76 for
early deliveries caused an Increase of
45.000 tons a week in the output
The complications sometimes caused
by the rules of labor union are illus
trated In a case at Chicago, where the
pier for the new tslllion-dollar Mar
shall Field building after being for
warded from Maine and after being put
In place was found to encroach one
inch on the street. The Chicago build
er proceeded to cut the Inch off, when
he was Informed that unless he stopped
and got union men to do the work a
general strike would be ordered. There
upon he secured several members of ths
Soft Stone Cutlers union and they went
to work. But it appears the pier is of
granite and as soon as they heard ol
it the granite cutters of Maine tele
graphed that if the soft stone cutters
did not stop there would be a general
strike ordered on the granite work be
ing got out for the building in Maine.
The soft stone cutters were accordingly
stopped, and there for the present th
matter rests.
Some Late Inventions.
An Ohio man has patented a street
car floor which will prevent peopW
treading on sitting passengers' toe, th
edges of the floor being double, with lh
upper thickness supported at iniervaif
on brackets to lift It high enough to
allow the passengers' toes to slip under.
Liquids can be drained from hot ket
tles without burning the hands by us
ing a new apparatus, which is made of
spring wire and has a number of ad
justable clamps which grip the rim of
the kettle, with a spring to hold tne
cover on and a handle to tilt the ket
tle frra the rear.
To announce the arrival of carrier
pigeons at the home nest a whistle has
been patented for attachment to the
bird, comprising a hollow ball of light
material, with a clamp to secure It to
the tall feathers, an opening being cut
tn the front to let air into the whistle.
Distribution of germs through the
use of telephones Is prevented by a new
attachment which has a metallic ring
to At over the mouthpiece, with a cover
hinged on one side, having a bracket
on its inner race lor tne support ot a
small bottle containing an antiseptic or
In an improved filter the water can be
made to cleanse the strainer at Inter
vals, the filter being formed of a
screw-threaded sleeve, with outlets ar
ranged around the sides to pass the
water through the filtering medium, a
screw cap closing the straight outlet
until the filter is dirty.
A Pennsylvania woman has patented
a machine for fluting or plaiting cloth,
the aparatus being formed of a pair of
boards hinged together, with Inter-
meshing fiat strips of steel set on edge
n eacn tmara, in oraer mat wnen
they are closed over the cloth the lat
ter will be folded and creased.
In New York a company has been
formed for the manufacture of an ar
mor for pneumatic tires, using an un
woven, fibrous material, which Is flat
tened out Into a wide sheet and cov
ered on oni side with a loose woven
fabric to keep It In place, being then
folded over until it attains the propel
Domestic Pleasantries.
Philadelphia Record: Nell Why did
Maude get a divorce? I thought she
and George got along beautifully.
Belle So they did, but the cook took a
violent dislike to him and threatened
to leave.
Cleveland Plain Dealer: "The fa
mous young Russian violinist Petsch
nlkoff has a Stradlvarlus violin that h
calls his "fairy wife.' " "Say, It must
be pleasant to has a wife who only
talks when you take a stick to her."
Chicago Post: "Women are aueer.
What do you mean, sir?" "Before we
were married you didn't like It If I
bought you cut-rate presents, and now
you scold me If I don'l!"
Homervllle Journal: Miss Oldmavde
Charley Llghtwalte says that be Is
eepty in love with me. Mis Caust ou
Nonsense! Charley Llghtwalte la too
hallow to be deeply In loe with anv.
Homervllle Journal: Hicks Jackson
tell me that he courted that young
widow six months before he married
her. Wicks Yes, Jackson always waa
fearfully near-sighted.
Brooklyn Life: Him This adminis
tration Is as utile snd Ineffective and
useless as His Wife It Is, John, It
Is. Why there Isn't a slna-le letterbox
with a slit big enough for you to mall
working out a a domestic
Dunai oi pspers.