The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899, May 04, 1899, Image 6

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

This contributor hu no disposition
to become a Jeremiah.
. Be recognizes the (act that Jeremiahs
are useful, and the Hebrew prophet a
patriot who warned his countrymen of
the dangers coming upon them. Had
they heeded him there would have been
no sorrowful captivity and the desola
tion that made Jerusalem a heap ot
ruins. We know of the tears of the
Divine Man who wept over the re
morseless city that rejected him.
Enjoying a degree of splendor as the
cosmopolitan center of the east, with
Herod's temple gradually approaching
completion, its privileged classes twist
ed and subverted the law and ground
the poor down to the earth. It would
not heed the wornings uttered against
It, but persecuted men and hurried
them to martyrdom. Bands of robbers
roamed everywhere and made the caves
their fastnesses. Factions broke out.
The holy cHy was filed with partisans
of John and Simon, who devoted their
time to killing each other and the Ro
mans. In the year the temple of Herod was
completed the armies of Vespasian and
Titus encompassed it with trenches. The
succeeding horrors have thrilled the
centuries. The children of Israel were
decimated and plucked up by the roots.
Their land became a desolation. For
nineteen centuries Judah has been an
exile and a wanderer with no rest for
the sole of his foot, a cup of sorrow and
rrembllng in his hand, singing the songs
of Zion in a strange land. The holy,
chosen people were crushed because
they would not obey the law. But Is
rael has turned to love the law.
Turning from this notable instance of
ancient history, let us see if modern na
tions have been blameless, and If they,
too, have adhered to the mandate.
"Thou shaK love thy neighbrr as thy
self." In other words, let us see if Eng
land and France, as well as our own
land, have lived up to the rules of un
selfish love and Justice, and If In vio
lation of these principles they have
been plunged Into revolution and blood
shed. It Is unnecessary to enter Into de
tailed history. The important epoch of
England was In the reign of Charles I
Inflated with being a "king by God's
grace," James had written to the
speaker of the house of commons that
none in parliament should presume
henceforth to meddle with anything
concerning tils' government. I'nder his
reign began the colonization of New
England and Virginia, and the struggle
between the crown and the reople that
was to eventuate In civil war. the su
premacy of Cromwell and the execution
of an English king.
Disgusted with James the people Joy
ously welcomed the accession of Charles
t. He was regarded as one who would
create anew the freedom of England
But his French marrtags and the fa
vorite, Buckingham, led to his undoing.
Buckingham was assassinated. Henri
etta Maria refused to be crowned queen
of England. An inglorious war induced
the king to call his tlrst parliament to
grant supplies. In this parliament were
Eliot, Coke, Pym, Hampden and Went
worth. They were determined to re
truct the powers of the king and have
parliament exercise some of the royal
functions. The parliament sat two
months and refused to vote money to
help the French king, aided oy Charles,
gainst the Huguenots. This was the
beginning of the English revolution.
Charles attempted to carry on his
government by forced loans. Not suc
ceeding, he called another parliament,
but got no relief. It was dissolved. A
third parliament was called. In which
Oliver Cromwell appeared for the first
time After futile struggles for the peo
ple It waa also dissolved. Charles called
no other parliament for eleven years.
He governed with absolute power. The
tar chamber was employed to deprive
Englishmen of liberty and confiscate
their property The king's proclema
tlons had the force of statutes. Men's
ears were cut off freely for expressing
their opinion. The church, the nobil
ity, the privileged classes and t he
wealth of England sided with the king.
Monopolies were created. Soap, leath
er, salt and other commodities were
put under the control of commercial
oligarchies, known in our day as the
"trusts." The courts were prostituted.
Against these Influences the people ar
rayed themselves. John Hampden re
fused to pay the ship tax, but wag hope,
lessly beaten In a partial court
The Scotch covenanters Invaded Eng
land. Charles called the short parlia
ment which sat only three weeks. Crom
well appeared In thir parliament. The
king sent it borne The Scots who had
drawn back again advanced. Charles
called the long parliament. Oliver
Cromwell appeared In this parliament.
He was then 43 years old. War ensued
Cromwell organized his Ironsides with
the farmers" boys It was invincible.
It brought Charles to the block. Eng
, land became a nation of jeglcides. It
waa freed from despotism The trusts,
the corporations, the privileged classes,
th church and the king no longer held
absolute sway over the masses. Un
der Cromwell the monarchy disappear
ed. Is there no warning lesson In this
to certain classes of the American peo
ple T
Under Richelieu, France became a
centralised monarchy. The nobles were
humbled and the power of the king ele
vated In the reign of Louis XIII. During
the first years of tl.e reign of Louis
XIV. France was prosperous. It held
the moat prominent place In European
politics and civilisation. "I am the
Taiata." declared that monarch. Prov-
lace or colonies were added to the
kingdom, the ireasui y
waa full, ana
ft am.! even where victorious. The
lunar waa absolute. But misfortunes
The revocation of the edict of Nantes
exiled thousands of the people, the rev
enues decreased, the treasury was x-
housted, the country impoverished and
Louis died millions of dollars In debt
The people were discontented, but could
give no reasons for thetr discontent.
Under Louis XVI. the court ef France
was the government. There was no con
stitution. The states general had not
met for more than a century The only
valid authority was the king. He could
Interfere with the processes cf the
Office holders swarmed. He had 250.-
000 to gather the land and income tax
alone. Four thousand offices conferred
nobility on the incumbents, making
them exempt from taxation and mili
tary duty. These offices were publicly
sold as a means of raising revenue.
It cost $12,000 to become a member of
the Paris parliament and $100,000 to be
come its president. Offices were some
times sold to several persons at once.
who held them alternately for stated
periods. The people under this svslfm
consisted of the nobility and the clergy
(the privileged classes), and the third
The nobility was exempt from the
land tax and military service and paid
only an insignificant class tax They
owned more than one-half the soil, oirr
which they enjoyed certain exclusive
The church owned about one-sixth of
the soil with an income of $32,000,000
yearly, on which it paid no tax. About
$8,000,000 of this were received by the
priests and curates, the $24.0OO.0M were
bestowed by the king on the younger
members of the noble families who were
required to render no service a an
The third estate, the plain people, the
unprivileged class, had the whme bur
den and expense of the government.
Taxes were levied between tne prov
inces. On either side of the line of ad
Joining provinces different systems of
axation prevailed. Natural adjustment
between supply and demand was pre
vented In one province would be
abundance, and scarcity In another.
Public officials made enormous fortune
in speculations. In one province salt
cost 21 cents per 100 pounds. Over the
line, in the next province. It was worth
$2.20 to $3.0G. A fortune could be made
by simply hauling a wagon across toe
line This Illustrates the protective tar
iff system when carried to an extreme.
The people grew more discontented.
Voltaire, Rousseau. Diderot and others
told them what the trouble was. and
who it was that stole their food The
government was bankrupt, the people
were starving, the privileged classes
among the nobility and the churcb ran
riot over the masses. The nobility and
clergy absolutely refused to be taxed.
In 178 a hall storm destroyed the crop
In 17ss the states genera1 assembled.
The votes were polled by classes, and
the third estate was overruled. In the
following June the third constituted it
self the national assembly. The Ja
cobins appeared and Robespierre was
the apotheosis of those human tigers.
The guillotine was the executioner cf
the absolute monarchy. One million
human beings were the sacrificial vic
tims of the appalling system the French
people rose against and overwhelmed
In blood.
Is there no lesson for us to learn from
these things? Are we so sure of our
ground that we can feel certain these
things will not come to pass in our own
land? Will the revulsions of England
and France overtake us? They were law
abiding nations. So are we. They en
dured wrongs for centuries. Can we?
Are we certain the Lord Is not tramp
ing out the vintage where the grapes
of wrath are stored, and that the fate
ful lightning; of his terrible sword will
not fall upon us? When the Dutch
vessel landed a cargo of slaves on the
banks of the James river, did we real
ize tbac it would become a serpent
whose fangs would strike at the life
blood of our country? Did we suppose
the pulpit would proclaim slavery a di
vine institution? Did we dream that
when we Invaded Mexico to extend the
system of human bondage, that this
union would be nearly rent In twain,
that deatj would hold his high court
among a holocaust of victims, and that
human blood would run In streams to
expiate the awful crime?
"Let him that thlnketn he standeth,
take heed lest he fall!"
Are there no seeds ot trouble In our
government such as afflicted rFance
and England? Let us aee. The trusts
are In the saddle. The "cries of the
reapers"- the farmers who toll In the
sunshine and the rain are still heard
in the land. The sweat shops of the
cities are doing their deadly work. The
energetic, pushing, producing men of
the country have been reduced to beg.
gary. Mortgages have swept away the
homes and earnings of a lifetime. More
than half of the American families own
no homes. The wealth and capital of
the nation are passing into the hands
of the few. Nearly forty billions of
dollars of the real and personal prop
erty escape taxation. Nearly $680,000,
000 of church property pays no taxes.
Clreat companies are at work draining
the capital of the country Into the
money centers of the east to control
ani influence legislation.
Among their officials and employes
are and have been numbered a vice
president, a cabinet officer, a speaker
of the house of representatives,, a su
prme Judge of the United States, gov
ernors, senators, representatives and
other public men. Public officials are
openly charged with bribery. Judges
have been disbarred. Other Judges
have filched the treasuries and evaded
the laws the courts are sworn to en
force. It is claimed a Judge nullified
the nallonal law by changing his mind.
Millions were lost to the revenues by
the change. Tramps have swarmed
like the locusts of Egypt. Industrious
woiklng men have been thrown out of
employment. Men loving liberty are
hu.itid In the jungles of the Philip
pines. American soldiers have been
"embalmed" with the beef they eat.
Sons of nobodies have been preferred
over veteran soldiers. Favoritism Is
the rule A "pull" Is the surest way
to success.
In some of the states Inmates of the
penitent is ry hsve been doubled. A
moneyed aristocracy Is being forced
upon us.' Caesar In his palmiest days
never dreamed of suck a plight. Ars
wt drifting to Niagara? JB. T. TEST.
Advances In wages continue to be th
order of the day. Several concerns lfl
the iron industry have made a second
We have now In this country over
17,000 power looms for broad illk weav.
lng and (,000 power looms for ribbon
The Canadian Dry Goods Review
says American manufacturers of silk
and felt hats are cutting out the Eng
lish goods in the Dominion.
American silk mills now supply two
thirds of the heme market. It la, also
safe to say that the American mills now
consume at lest 25 pi cent annually
of the entire world's surplus production
of silk.
The Invention cf a machine which
will automatically fold, wrap and ad
dress newspapers is announced. It was
recently tested in New York and found
to be a phenomenal success. Two men
can operate six machines, thereby do
lng the work of twenty-four men. The
machine will soon be put on the market
Notwithstanding advanced prices
heavy contracts for the export of steel
rails are announced fium day to day.
A Baltimore dispatch announces that
the Maryland Steel works are to make
75,000 tons of rails for the Manchurian
branch of the great Siberian railway.
The Japanese have of late years be
come larger consumers of our wire
nalla. Our factories on the Pacific
coast have been kept busy making nails
specially adapted to Japanese require
ments. Only German manufacturers
have competed for this trade, but this
country has sold a hundred tons where
the Germans have been able to sell one.
The recent increase in the wages of
the cotton operatives is but one of the
many signs that prosperous times are
ahead of us. The increase of wages In
this industry will amount to more than
$75,000 weekly, writes M. A Murphy in
the New E'ngland I'rlnting Trades Jour
nal. This money will not be Idle; it
means the manufacture of more cloth
ing, shoes. In fact, everything that
tends to make the living of the wage-
earner more comfortable.
The output f metals In Canada for
1SS8 has been reported to the state de
partment at Washington. The total Is
put at $21,622,602 The gold amounted
to $13, 7 00, 000. of which $10,000,000 came
from the Yuk"n district. Silver came
to about $2.W.fKrt. copper. $2.U9,5i;
nickel, $1,620,838; lead. $1,206,333, and
iron, $152,610. The production of copper
has increased considerably, but that of
lead has fallen off So has the output
of silver and asbestos.
In an improved ear starter the lever
Is pivoted on a horizontal pin suspend
ed in two hinged members, the latter
forming a clamp m grip the rail when
pressure is applied on the lever.
In a new burglar alarm the floor in
front of the door is cushioned normally
to separate metallic contact points, the
latter closing a circuit when a person
enters the room, lighting a lamp and
ringing a bell.
A company has beep formed In Illi
nois for the manufacture of an artificial
stone resembling marble, the compo
nents of the substance being glue, wa
ter, ammonia, glycerine, alum and plas
ter of Paris.
To assist in Illustrating eclipses and
the phases of the moon, a Maine wo
man has patented a tellurian, with i
lamp attached to represent the sun,
the earth and moon revolving around It
on horizontal arms.
Doctors win appreclatt a new medl
cine case having hinged partitions with
spring clamps for the bottles, the ends
of the case dropping Into horizontal
position and exposing paper tableas foi
writing prescriptions.
A newly designed canopy support for
bed Is attached to the headboard by
brackets and Is made of stiff wire, sus
pending the weight of the canopy from
one end of the bed and leaving the foot
for the removal of clothes.
Seamstresses will appreciate a new
far. attachment for sewing machines, a
ventral shaft being set In a frame on
the machine table, with a friction wheel
at the bottom of the shaft to engage
the flywheel of the machine, an ordl
nary fan being fastened to the top of
the shaft.
Lamp shades can be easily removed
from a Dew bracket, having a channel
formed around Its outer edge for the
reception of a wire ring, the latter
bending over the flange of the shade st
Intervals, with slots formed In the
channel to pull the wire In and release
the shade.
Composer Of course, t can't write
opera that everybody will be pleased
Mansser I don't ask you to do It All
I ask you to do Is to write operas that
everybody will pretend to be pleased
Over IS rer cent of all foreign mis.
slonarles sre women.
There are 3,750.000 persons In London
who never enter a place of worship.
The International committee of the
Toung Men's Christian association de
sires supplies of good reading mattet
for the army In Cuba, Porto Rico and
the Philippine Islands. A number ol
traveling libraries consisting of fifty oi
more volumes would be appreciated by
the men In Cuba and Porto Rico, when
the regiments are divided Into small
Two stones, one from the site of th
Church of the Nativity of Bethlehem
the other from the same deposit of
stone from which the holy sepulchel
was excavsted, have been presented bj
the patriarch of Jerusalem to Blshoi
Wlgger and wilt compose lbs cornet
stone of the cathedral of the Sacred
Heart, Newark. N. J , to be laid Janet 4
There are indnaticns that after a con
slderable period ot depression the brie
lng of torses n th.s country is to be
resumed, and It is to be hoped that the
resumption will te along light lines.
We have in a number of articles Indi
cated what, In our Judgment, was the
first step in breedir.g horses as they
ought to be bred It rcnusts. in brief,
of the use ct the best tire cl the desired
type within reach, cn he best brood
mares that can be obtained. But. as
the wcrk progress, these who at
tempt to grew horses and who recog
nize the necessity for growing good
ones, should frmly fix In mind the im
portance of selection in any breeding
operations that are to be attended with
success. A decade ago the country was
full of Imported stallions of the draft
and coacher breeds, and among them
were a great many good ones. They
were used, too, In serving at least some
good brood mares, and In view of the
pains that have been taken to secure
good bleed In this way, one's first
feeling in regard to the present situ
ation is one of disappointment that
the horses of the countiy have not been
improved thereby. Examine the prac
tice, however, and the reason becomes
obvious. Those who grew good colls
permitted themselves to be tempted by
the $!0, $25 or $50 more that they would
bring than anybody was willing to pay
for the poor ones, and the consequence
was that they sold everything they had
that waa worth selling, and kept for
their own use the stuff that nobody
would buy. They parted with the cream
to the horse buyer and retained the
skim milk for their own use.
When any breeder undertakes to han
dle and Improve a herd of cattle he
keeps the best and sells the culls. The
three or four top rips that a breeder of
swine grows in a season are not for Fale
if he is a breeder who is working for
improvement. The reason is that he
knows he must retain them in order to
make Improvement. The same thing is
true In breeding horses. Suppose heavy
ones sre wanted and the farmer has
two or tbfee or four gocd mares cn
which, by the use of a sire of the right
type, he can grow colts that will aver
age 1.400 pounds. Each year he will
have one or two that will weigh 1.500
pounds at a given aire. If they are fil
lies, and he will retain them, tils aver
age from them when they come to he
of breeding age, will probably be 1,500
pounds or upwards and his tops will go
1, expounds or more; and If he will con
tinue to be guided by this Idea of selec
tion in the direction he desires to go,
he will at length reach weights as
great as he cares to have thern. This,
however. Is not what In the past the
growers of horses did. Instead of re
talnlng their 1,500-pound colts for their
own use. they probably sold, from the
top down, everything that the horse
buyer would take, and what he would
not take they kept for their own use.
This being the general practice. It is
not hard to tell why, In eplti of the
former liberal use cf Improved blood,
so little improvement Is visible In the
character of the horses kept on the
The old experience ought to furnish
Its lesson for the horse breeding opera
lions of the future If draft horses are
bred for, sell the ge'dlrgs and the culls,
but keep the rood that have draft
horse weight and substarre; If coachers
are sought, retain tfce Kill's that hsve
size, style and actlen Jvst the kind
the horse buyer will lmpt you to sell
If he can and find s market for Ihe rest
of the produce. Upon wkalsver lines
one Is working, if ary forward move
ment Is to be expected, those colts that
best fill the Ideal sought should be re
tained. Progress may then be reason
ably hoped for, but without selection It
Is vain to expect It. Homestead.
Increased attention is everywhere be
,ng paid to the Importance cf more c&re.
ful seed selection. Farmers are begin
ning to feel that the teed must. In the
first place, be clean, for on most farms
the weed crop Is already considerably
larger than serves any useful purpose.
It must also be clean In the sense that
the broken and shrunken grains be
fanned out of It. These screenings are
useful for feeding poultry and other
stock, but are worse than useless when
put Into the ground as seed. When we
grow crops we want to produce plump,
heavy grain, and, as "like produces
like," seed of the kind the crop Is de
sired to be should be planted. It is
probably true that seed somewhat
shrunken will have, other things being
equal, a somewbet higher germinating
percentage than plump grain. The
tendency of certain experiments made
with Minnesota wheat In seasons when,
on account of the unfavorable season, It
was doubtful whether it would answer
for seed. Is In this direction, and H Is
also supported by analogy. It Is a cor
ollary of the well knewn principle In
nature that the first duty of all life
Is to perpetuate Its kind. Subject any
plant to hard conditions, and while It
will lose at other points, that which
ensbles It to propagate Itself seems to
be Intensified. In the breeding of do.
mestlc animals, too, we think the scrub
Is a surer breeder, ss a rule, than the
highly Improved animal, but. the pro
duct,' whether of the plump, heavy
seed or of the Improved animal, is
nuch the more desirable. While a larg
er percentage of shrunken seeds may
germinate, providing they be not too
much shrunken, the plump seed will
make the more vigorous plant and pro
duce plump seed In Its turn.
In selecting seed, therefore. It Is Im
portant that the kind It Is desired to
repr educe should be chosen. Many
laraon babltually use a small magni-
fylng glass In selecting small grain
and grass seed, and the practice Is
good one. In cleaning small grain seed
the fanning milt should be run with a
very strong blast In oruer to blow out
all the light grains These, ot course,
ate not lost, but may be used as feed
Some farmers dump them into the bin
with he grain that la to be sold, but
this s hardly fair, and hardly ever pays
because it is likely to affect the price
more than the additional gain In quan
tity compensates for. Homestead.
By Dr John F. Grlnstead: There Is
nothing more delicious than buckwheat
cakes, thickly coated with butter and
maple syrup, but It is the most indi
gestible mass than one can eat. The
cakes form a ball In the stomach that Is
Just about as difficult for the 'digestive
apparatus to distribute through the sys
tem as if it were India rubber. To as
similate It is so great a strain on the
digestive system that frequent repeti
tions of the task are almost certain to
develop dyspepsia. We. eat enough In
digestible stuff every day through ne
cessity without adding to our woes by
eating buckwheat cakes, which are ux
urles. '
By Dr. Vincent J. Mueller: Persons
suffering from carbolic acid poisoning
may be revived with proper treatment.
A case Is cited of a 15-year-old boy, who
swallowed nearly two ounces of carbol
ic acid. He was In a limp and comatose
state, unable to move a muscle; In fact,
the pulse was Imperceptible. A pint of
cream was poured Into the stomach,
which was kneaded so as to mix thor
oughly the cream and the carbolic acid.
Dry heat was applied to the legs and
arms, which were rubbed so as to stim.
ulate blood circulation. Consciousness
returned after three hours. Cream and
unskimmed milk were administered be
tween short Intervals for several hours.
InBide of two days the patient had fully
By Pr. Henry J Scherck: Few people
properly apt ririate the rare that should
be given to small wounds of the hands
and feet. For example, cuts, tears and
splinter wounds of the extremities and
the accidental cutting of the "quick"
after raring corns too rlcsely. In many
Instances serious results follow the
absorption of septic matter, which may
cause gores, extensive Inflammation and
even blood poisoning.
The practices so often Indulged In
by some people of putting cobwebs and
other strange materials on cuts is about
the worst thing that could be done, for
such material is as a rule but a col
lector of dut and dirt Putting this on
an open cut gives It the very best
chance to become absorbed and cause
When one receives such a wound the
first and main object Is to secure ab
solute cleanliness. Washing the wound
carefully In clean water Is the very best
way to attain that result. If one has
convenient a little pure carbolic acid,
the addition ot a tablespoonful to a
quart ot water will be of benefit. Next
bandage the wound so as to exclude any
poisonous material from the outside.
Be sure that the piece of linen or cot
ton used Is clean, preferably fresh from
the wash. Avoid using pieces of cloth
torn from soiled clothing. Before allow,
lng any one to dress or wash the wound
see that he washes his bands carefully
In soap and water.
If these little hints be observed many
disagreeable results will be avoided.
By Dr. John J. Harris; Corn, wheat or
rye bread is good when properly pre
pared and cooked. Corn bread Is the
simplest and easiest prepared, and is
probably the more wholesome, but not
the most popular. Corn bread has the
advantage of being palatable and nour
ishing, when made up only with water
and salt. Some form of this bread
should be eaten at least once a day
In every family. Egg bread, water
bread (hoe cake), muffins, pancake,
fried .much, much and milk or the
crackling pone of the fathers consti
tutes a good "roughness."
Corn bread wKh buttermilk and but.
ter la the American health food, par
Wheat bread commands the most at
tention because of Its universal use.
The flour of the last generation was un
doubtedly the most wholesome product,
although not so white and fine as the
knd now generally used. The loaves we
see now have too much crumb. They
are moist and heavy and pack In the
stomach, resisting the digestive appa
ratus. The rolls and biscuits ot our
household are likewise too doughy and
pancakes too leathery.
Bread should be allowed to dry out
for about 24 hours, becoming so-called
stale bread, so that It can be cut with
a dull knife or easily broken or crum
bled between the fingers. Rolls, biscuit
and loaves should be placed In the oven
pan apart from each other, so as to
crust out brown all around. Pancakes
should be light and dry Bad bread Is
a prolific cause of Indigestion. If one Is
already afflicted with Indigestion, bad
bread will retard a cure. Hot biscuits
need not be eschewed, providing they
are "good bread" to start with.
"What has become of thst little girl
who recites "Little Drops of Water?"
asked one of the boarders. "Well," an
swered the young man with wide ears,
"with the present thsw In the streets
and the possibility of s freshet up the
river, her mother thought It would be
just ss well to keep her quiet awhile."
Blaln By the Knife With Which He)
Committed Murder.
Earllng. S. D. (Special.) Charles K
Casmer Is In Jail here, charged with
the murder of Frank W. Heppe April
t. His defense Is that the crime was
committed by a man already nearly
five years In his grave.
The residents of the neighborhood are
to firmly convinced of something super
natural in the killing that It Is doubtful
If a Jury can be found In the country
to convict a prisoner who alleges such
In the summer of 1892 Heppe and
Thomas Barber formed a partnership,
bought a bunch of cattle and engaged
In business as ranchmen. Both were
bachelors and lived In a sod house
eleven miles north of this place.
For two years they got on well to
gether. Then a dispute arose concern
ing a division of profits. Heppe left
the ranch and commenced suit against
his partner for an accounting. Before
the case came to trial a settlement was
effected, the partnership was re-established
and the men resumed housekeep
ing together.
About two months afterward Heppe
rode Into town and gave himself up
to the authorities with the explanation
that Barber had assaulted him and that
he had killed him In self-defense. On
visiting the house the officers found
Barber lying where he had fallen. He
had evidently been sitting or standing
In front of a rude fireplace and had
been killed by a knife thrust between
the shoulders. The fact that he was
stabbed in the back gave the caae an
ugly look.
Ileppe's version was that Barber was
reaching for a gun kept over the fire
place. As there was no witness to
controvert this story the prisoner was
acquitted. Public opinion was so
trongly against him, however, that he
sold his Interest In the ranch and left
the country.
While Heppe was In Jail the knife.
with which Barber was killed, disap
peared In a most mysterious manner.
The night before the rase was called
the prosecuting attorney saw the knife
in his safe. He locked the aafe and
iat down for an evening's work. Before
leaving he reopened the safe and was
astonished to discover that the knife
had disappeared. He had not left the
office during the evening nor had any-
ne but himself entered It. Nothing else
In the safe, which contained a consid
erable sum of money, was disturbed.
Soon after Heppe's departure it be
ta n to be whispered that strange things
were happening about the deserted cab
In. Passing cattlemen said that groans,
imprecations and shrieks for aid Issued
from the windows, and sometimes a
figure was seen moving inside. The
majority spurred by at top speed after
dark. The bolder scoffed at the tales,
but no one cared to investigate closely.
So far as known, the hut was never
entered from the time Heppe left It
until the night of April 13.
Heppe himself and Casmer were the
first to revisit it. After spending nearly
five years on the Texas cattle ranges
Heppe returned to the northwest and
obtained employment on a ranch nearly
100 miles north of Earllng. Winter's
ltorms drifted many head of his em
ployer's cattle to the southward, and
Heppe and Casmer, a fellow herdsman,
were detailed to "round them up."
On the 2d they entered Presno coun
ty. Toward evening a snowstorm set
In. Both men were exhausted and
blinded by snow. Casmer suggested
riding into Earling for shelter. On ths
way, Heppe led him, either by accident
of design, toward his old sod house.
Heppe proposed stopping there for the
The house was In a very dilapidated
condition, but the cowboys built a fire
on the hearth, produced their provis
ions and a flask of whisky and were
oon comfortable. It was late when
they arrived, and when, after partak
ing of their Impromptu luncheon, Heppe
seated himself on a stump In front of
the fire, on nearly the same spot where
Barber had been stabbed five years be
fore. Casmer thinks It was between
12 and 1 o'clock.
Casmer says he had stepped to the
Joor to see whether there were any
signs of a cessation of the storm when
he was startled by a yell of agony from
his companion. Rushing Inside he
found the latter lying on his face In
front of the fire, his forehead actually
in the embers and a knife sticking In
'Is back. Afraid -to stay In the house
longer, he mounted his broncho and
started for Earllng. He was unfamil
iar with the country and soon became
hopelessly lost.
Such wb the story he told when
found early the next morning, wander
ing aimlessly over the prairie. His
rescuers accompanied him to the cabin.
Heppe was still on the floor with the
knife sticking between his shoulder
blades. On drawing It out the specta
tors were horrified to discover that It
was the same weapon which had so
mysteriously disappeared from the
Presno county prosecuting attorney's.
Casmer was brought Into town and
locked up. Though he mlRht have
pleaded self-defense with at least as
good a chance of acquittal as Heppe
be Insists that the latter was killed by
an Invisible assailant. The knife has
been fully Identified as the same as thai
with which Barber was slain. Public
opinion Is strongly with the prisoner.
President Angell of the University of
Michigan recently made an Interestlni
Statement concerning the size and cur
rent expenses of large universities
Michigan, with 8.000 students, co.ti
$4X0.000 a year; Yale, $.600 students.
$000,000; Columbia, $.000 students, $'iV
M0 and a debt of $1100.000; Harvard, J.Nf
students, $1,200,000.
1 v ,
M n ""'1 jt