Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 26, 1893)
iidMloo of tte
tars v,i. Nebraska Independent
VrRT TaCKSDA V B
CB PlTCLISIirNO Co.
I M tt., Lincoln, Neb.
i or ntstoTOB.
rw. B. A. Mcbrat, Boc
hm. J. M. TuoaraoH,
OKE DOLLaK PER Yeah
HtShxx I 1.
Jon F r
K. A. HUMH'i
, Humdimi Manager
AdveiUBlUg My r
L P. A.
OUm a ce
. . ation
i .i gSept
for Six Months
riilillt.lt rt Annonni erne t.
Tbut'r'.i oprloof the Allianoi-Ih-OEPKKDfcaT
1 ! 4uar year, invariably lu ad-r-'
- ' 1 be promptly dlwootlnund
avexpi. uiiuu iri i we ald fur utiles we re
CeiVordrn u c -uilnutt.
AOHNT8 lu i-uii nine subscription should be
m er(n! m a all nmea are correctly
kpquad and pii r iKKitoMue given. Blanks
Io rt ii n -uu- ilpuonx, return envelope,
euV cu 6 b ii . i application to thla office.
Alwavh tlu nur uouie. No nuttier li,.
often you wriit- u do not neglect thin Import
ant matter Kv. ry week we receive letters
Mh lui .niiie.- Jaw:a or without algna
tuaan Hid it l- meltine difficult to locate
Ciupuboi AKi.KKAN. SubHciibers wixhing
Kcnanie their , oatolHceaddreas muiit always
(rtap tUcli' fornifi .is well as their preaent ad
Jresa wtcn cbutue will be promptly made.
AdarnHs all In th and make all remittance
A ALLIANOE PUB. (X)..
Senator C. ark of Omaha has
troduced rained hill which in
trawling a u'-Hl deal of atlentioa.
13 said to h q encollent measure.
Sxat 'Iakris' resolution con
demning frei passes came up on Tues
day and its cun idoration was postpon
efiLtlll Feb. zUh. by a vote of 17 to 16.
Tfie railroad vngure 1q no hurry.
Ia eur ucxi isuo will appear a well
wriUH ana very interesting article
frcm the pen i f of A. E. Sheldon,' edi
toeottue CntiUron Signal. The arti
cle, will d3.-eitt the principal events
c&tk catt.ciccn'o invasion of Wyom
ingftast bumun r, and tha stealing away
oft.' the wit teses who saw Bay and
Wa.aro gratified to be able to an
countM the I uowin? additions to our
v - i'
Riciious w P"" our fox '8' A- R Sheldon
wnnii.v,Mio4. first urtlclo will appear next
wekj aDd GeorKe C, Ward whose arti
cle ton "ra Binary bcienoo" appears this
RBPORM iu the matter of legislative
expenses ia' largely a matter of com
palMn. One legislature makes a great
btb&st of its reci rd for economy because
ifepends less than some other. The
mambers of tht present Nebraska leg
islattuie think they are making a great
record for economy, and they are as
compared to other Nebrabka legisla
ture. But the following from tho Non
coafitnist will show them how their
tecotu would look if measured by the
Iridftatia stai dsrd of economy;
"It js proper that the people of Indi
anajshculd understaud exactly tne ex
tern and outrasfeous steal put upon them
bjtfthe leKlsiitture in authorizing its
euaploy-s T- statute only provides
lb? 35 employes of the House of Rapre
scomivei., all told. Yet this "economic-,;'
"reform ' legislature deliberately
BpowUles for f3. which is over half as
maay as the membership of the house.
ICansas is enjoying rather more than
her-.-have of po itical excitement. Her
three- cornered legislature seems to
have. 8ettl d down 10 a regular thing.
TKo. populists aro in full contrtl of the
senate The populist house has been fully
rwognized by the senate and the gover
nor. Enough republicans who had been
seated by fraud of various kinds have
ben ousted' to give the populists a ma
jority in ;he house. But the ousted
members are acting right along in the
republican house wbich also has a ma
jority of the whole number elected. No
solution of the trouble is in sight.
This week vi have no; undertaken
to give a detailed account of the legis
lative proceedings. Nothing of special
interest ha transpired.
Tho daily sessions have been short,
and they have been mostly occupied in
pashing resolutions and reading bills.
The real progress that is being ina&o
lain the work if regular committees in
tha consideration of bills, and of special
invest tiga-ing committees. Something
like a don of theso special committees
are at work. The principal subjects of
lnrest'gaUon are: The penitentiary,
the no '-in vestment of the permanent
school fu'id, the various state depart
ments and tho ?alo of certain school
land Dwjar Lincoln to Joe burns and
The most important action yet taken
in this Una has been a provision for
the appointment o three experts , to
maka an examination of all the records
In the various state offices.
Next week we will devote a good
4 al of space ta the bills relating to
railroads and other important subjects.
I HE PERM A NEK V tCHOOL TUKD.
On of the Cr'. subjects wbich the
Douse has undertaken to investigate is
..b ..o--lnv-s nient if the imrmaaent
M-hiol fund in BUt warrants, and the
rMS -lis thertfor.
The perUtent fight which THE AL' I-AXCf-lKUEPtSDENT
has waged against
the state officers for their violation of
i he law enacted two years ago attract
ed such general attention to tbe tub-j'-ct,
that the bouse on Jan. 17th ap
nin'ed a committee of three to investi
gate tht matter. Tbe commi'tee coo
eisisof Ilorstof Polk (ind). Nelson of
nidge (dem), and Keyes of Sarpy (rep),
In view of the importance of this
matter we will give a brief summtry of
ihe facts and tbe law in tha case:
The erratne!it school fund U a large
sum of mon y (at present 13,023,340
set apart for tne f upp-Tt of the pub io
schools of the state. It has arsen
chitily from the sale and leasing of
school lands although conslderab'e
sums have come from otber sources.
Tde principal of this fu'id may under
uocircumstances be used. The con
stitution provides tha'. it shall bj in
vested in United States bon Is, s ate
and coun'y bonds and state securities.
The interest accruing goes to the sup
port of schools
Ij IS!:;), there being 1270,663 of this
fund lying idle in the treasury and
yielding the - sta'o no reverue, tho
house of representatives asked the su
preme court of tbe statu to hand down
au opinion as to whether state war
rants outst Hiding an I bearing interest
were "state securities.' O i Jan. 30, 1889,
Supreme Julge Reese handed down an
opinion, in which Coli and Maxwell
both concurred, tbe tenor of wbich will
be seen from the following extract:
It was evidently the purpose that the
evidences of indebtedness issu d by the
state, M3i ureu by me levy of taxes o
secure their payment guaran'ced and
iv r tain as they would be. should be
deemed "state "scuri ties."
We are therefore of the opinion that
state warrants drawing interest or that
may be mad to dra interest by pre
sentation to the state treasurei which
are bsuad in pursuance of an appropri-
Ht.lnn iPfnrcrl hv u lnv nf fair fm th.etr
rmvniAiit nrei "atata Hfnurltl?8 ' '.ifltnin
the provision of the section. '
This decision mav be foi--id in volume
25 of the Nebraska rep- Pa?e
All doubt aa to tr-J constitutionality
of investinff the rrmanent scnool lund
in warrants wr8 dispelled. The mem
bersof the neSl8latura eeem t0 have
considere tne niatter settled for they
tool no further action. .
JNearly two years rolled away and
the amount of the permanent school
fund uninvested grew to over half
million. Yet no steps were taken to
comnly with the decision of the su
prt-tue court. Finally October 20, 1890,
the Board of Educational lands and
M J . it -
tunas passea an oraer wnicn read as
Resolved, That the state treasurer
be, and he hereby is, directed audMn
structed to pay out of the permanent
sceool fund, the cash fo r all state war
rants presented for oavment when a
levy has been made to pay such war
This order was adopted at a regular
meeting of the board, Attorney Gene
ral Leese, Commissioner Steen, Secre
tary of State Cowdory, and Treasurer
Hill being present.
Again time rolled on. The treasure
paid no attention to the order of the
board, and not a dollar of the perma
nent school fund was invested in war
rants. Finally the "farmer legislature
ofl891 assembled." The treasurer's re
port at that time showed the enormous
sum of $o22.000 lying idle in the perma
nent Bchool fund yielding no interest to
the state. The report also showed over
$582,000 of state warrants outstanding
on which the state was paying interest
to private parties at the rate of 7 per
cent. In order to finally settle this
matter and have no room for further
dodging on the part of state officers,
the legislature then enacted an amend
ment to the law which reads as follows
provided, Ttiat when any state
warrant issued in pursuance of an ao
propriation made by tbe legislature and
secured oy tne levy of a tax for its tav
nient, shall be presented to the treas
urer for payment and there shall not be
money in the proper fund to pay said
warrant," the state treasurer shall part the
amount'due onsaid warrant from any funds
In the state treasury beloniina to the iter-
manent school fund, and shall hold said
warrant as an mvestmint of said perma
nent scnool fund."
The legislature adjourned. The mem
bers returned to their-homes feelins
that they had done their duty. Month
after month rolled away. Nothing was
said and nothing seemed to be known
as to whether the state treasurer .was
obeying the law. Finally in October
1891, the writer, who was then editing
the Nebraska Independent, went to the
state house and investigated the matter,
We found that the law was absolutely
ignored. The treasurer had not in
vested a cent of the fund in state war
rants. The minutes of the board's pro
ceedings were ransacked but not
a line or word fchowed that the board
had ever acted on the matter. The
deputy state treasurer In answer to a
question as to why the fund was not
being invested in warrants, muttered
something about the law being "uncon
stitutional." These facts were publish
ed but they attracted very little atten
tion. After another year had passed away,
we returned to the subject again. We
made another investigation, and pub- j
lished the results: We boldly charged !
that the people of the state i a.l been
robbed of $70,000 by the refusal tb
state officers to do their duty The
World-Herald also took up the fight.
Tbe independent campaign speakers
spreal the fact before the voters dur
ing the campaign. Still no impression
seemed to ba made on the public mind.
The votes of the tax-payer se-med to
endorse the course of the men who had
thusroibed t'i?m Whether this ap
parent endorsement resulted from the
apathy of the people, or from a belief
that these charges were made merely
as "campa'gn thunder"' we are unable
Now we believe we voice the senti
ment of all honest citizens of the state
when we demand that this matter be
Investigated, and if tbe state treasurer
and the members of the board of educa
tional lands and funds are prov jn.guilty
of having wilfully violated the law in
order to enrich themselves hy pocket
ing the interest on this vast sum of
monpy thi. stepi be taken to collect
from them every cent of which the state
has been robbed.
THE BOUNTY QUESTION.
Mr. Oxrard and his bounty boomers
are at work to secure the restoration of
the state bounty on sugar. Mr. Ox
nard not only has shrewd lobbyists
here' working In his interest, but 'he
has the leading daily papers of the
state engaged in booming the bounty.
While the members of the legislature
are busy with a great variety of press
ing duties, these bounty boomers are
takiog advantage of every opp rtunity
vuietly to advance their scheme.
Instead of proposing a restoration of
the bounty in its old form, they put it in
a more seductive form: They propose
that part, or even all, of the bounty be
paid to t ne 03ot raiter. t aj wj
win over to this proposition members
who could not be iirauced to vote a
bounty to the sugrr makers.
The beet ai' ar lobbyist will approach
a mef with such plausible argu
ments as this: "Now of course it
wasn't exactly fair to give all the boun
ty to tho manufacturer as it was under
the old law. We realize that. But
now we propose to correct that injus
tice by giving the farmer the benefit
of it " Then they proceed with their
great song about developing the state,
variety of crops, inducing capital to.
come in etc.
The man, be he a mamber of the leg
islature or not, who- allows himself to
be seduced by such delusive arguments
is not a wise or far-seeing man. Let
us indulge in a little analysis of this
If it is wrong in principle to give a
bounty to a manufacturer, it is, wrong
to give a bounty to a farmer. In either
case it is cla-s legislation. The farmer
who accepts the benefits of class legis
lation is effectually disarmed as an op
ponent of class legislation for the
benefit of other classes. This is a valu
able lesson w'uch the advocates of pro
tection learned masy years ago. The
protected manufacturers saw that they
could not hope to perpetuate the pro
tective system unless they took in the
farmers as partners in its special bene
fits. Hence they placed a tariff on
wool. By thifc shrewd move they se
duced millions of farmers in voting for
a system which robbed them of a dol
lar for every cent it gave them. The
farmers have never of their own motion
asked for class legislation in their ic
terest. Whatever special legislation
has been passed in the interestof farm
ers has been enacted at the instance of
others to tie the o farmer's hands r
blind them to the injustice of class
Let the farmers of Nebraska beware
how they accept a special benefit of a
few dollars for a few of their number
which may be used as an excuse and a
precedent for special favors to other
classes that will take thousands of dol-
ars out of their pockets.
doesn't benefit the farmer.
As a matter of fact, however, a
bounty on beets would not benefit the
farmer who raises the beets anymore
than would a bounty on the sugar. In
either case the bounty will inure solely
to the benefit of the manufacturer.
Mr. Oxnard and his boomers under
stand this peifectly well. Is anybody
silly enough to believe that Oxnard
would hire lobbyists,, and subsidize
newspapers to advocate a bounty for
the benefit of the farmers? Has he
Let us suppose that farmer A in Hall
county can raise beets for $5 per ton
tend make as much on an average as he
can in raisins other farm products
i nen uppo6e the state offers him a
bounty of $1 per ton. Does it follow
that he will get $0 per ton for the
beets.' Wilt Oxnard pay him $5 per
ton (all the beets are worth) and letihim
have the $1 bounty as an extra profit?
Not by any means. The beets can be
raised for $5. If farmer A doesn't want
to raise them for that, farmers B, C,
atd D will. Mr. Oxnard will simply
pay $4 per ton and let the state pay the
Thus it is clear that, even if the
farmers should raise the beets and re
ceive the bounty, Mr. Oxnard would
receive the benefit.
FACTS REGARDING BEET RAISING.
A further investigation of the facts
w ill t-ho that uch a bounty would go
just as direct to Mr. Oxnard as if It
were paid in the tugar.
What ro the facte concerning btet
raiting in Nebrat-ka? The experiment
has been more fully tried in Hall
county than any wheie eibe. The farm
ers have found out to their sorrow that
it dot t-n't pay to raire beet at the
pi hes offered by Mr Oxrard. This is
not only tbe fstitnony of the farmers
thf raselvf s, but of the men who advo
cate a bounty. One of Mr. Oxnard's
friends sta'ed In the beet sugar con
vention a y ar ago that out of about
2700 acr s raised by Hall county farm
ers not over 300 acres paid. Tbe result
has been that Mr. Oxnard has under
taken tbe raisin? of his own beets, and
and in order to cheapen the production
he has imported ch?ap Russian labor
to take tbe plce of well paid Ameri
can lab r. Of course such farmers as
und'r other conditions might have
pervered In the experimenr, will be
driven to abandon it by Mr. Oxnard's
selfish and un-American course.
The conclusion of the whole matter
is this: If tbe beet sugar industry be
comes permanent in Nebraska, the
bets will be produced on large beet
farms located near th'j factories, on d
by tbe manufacturers, and worked by
the cheapest labor obtainable either at
home or abroad. Hence it will make
no difference whatever to the manu
facturers whether the bounty is paid
on the bets or on the sugar.
CRUSH THE BOOM.
No man in Nebraska can ?cave an
reasonable objectior ro Mr. Oxnard or
any other fyapitalist investing money
n beoit sugar factories. No man can
reasonably object to any farmer raising
beets if re wants to. But every patri
otic citizen should object to having the
machinery of ur state government
used to collect mnney to pay a profit to
private individuals engaged in an un
profitable business Every lover of
good government should object to any
measure which must be pushed for
ward by a corruption fund, a paid lob
by and a subsidized pref-s. Our poll
tics are corrupt enough now. We
should reduce rather than increase the
sources of corruption. This' can be
done in no better way than by crushing
this bounty boom.
THE CONTEST OASES.
The contest cases in the house and
senate are likely to come up for settle
ment this week. The committees have
examined a vast amount of evidence,
No Intimation as to the character of
their reports have been given to the
public It is believed that the two
houses will consider and decide the
cases in a fair and non-partisan spirit,
T - . m .
o party can anora to unseat a man
who was fairly elected merely to gain
a partisan advantage. On the other
hand no member who was not fairly
elected should be allowed to hold a seat
to which he is not entitled. The only
safe course for honest members of all
parties is to "hew to the line no matter
where the chips may fall. "
JOHN H. POWERS.
In naming John H. Powers as their
first choice for United Stales senator
the independent members of the legis
lature aid wen. rney nominated a
man who is an honor to his partv, a
man who thinks, a man who is in full
sympathy with the toiling millions,
man whose honesty" is beyond possible
question, a man who will represent
Nebraska if he shall be elected
In getting together and casting a
solid vote for Towers the independents
acted most wisely. They set an ex
ample worthy to be followed by other
parties. They showed the people of
the state that they were not here to
trifle away time.- They showed that
they would not let personal preferences
stand in the way of success. John H,
Powers was the first choice of a ma
jority. ' Therefore he become the first
choic8 of every loyal independent,
If they continue to stand together
till tne end casting a solid fifty-four
votes for a true and worthy indepen
dent on every ballot we believe their
efforts will he crowned with sniv.'f su.
The daily republican press of Ne
braska just now teems with slanderous
stories and falsehoods concerning promi
nent independents. The object seems
to be to kill off candidates, actual or
possible, for United States senator.
Several days ago the State Journal
came out with a telegram from Wash
ington set up with large head-lines re
porting that General Van Wyck was in
that city and had declared himself for
John M. Thurston for United States
About the same time the Omaha Bee
came out withian attack on W L.
Green, charging among other things
that Greene had purchased fifty eight
theater tickets to take the members of
the legislature to a play.
During the past week all therepubll
can dailies have -joined in a chorus to
libel McKeighan with charges of drunk
These reports and charges are lies
from tho whole cloth. They are manu
factured by shameless tricksters, and
published by unprincipled cowards.
hKKTCHHS OF LEGISLATORS.
Short r.toraitiical Sketches of Pop
ulUt Members of the Legis
lature. As alnady announced The Alli-ance-Ikeependent
will Jay before its
readers short interesting sketches of
the populist members of the legislat ure.
The following sketches constitute the
James N. Gaffin, lately elected speak
er of the Nebraska house of representa
tives, was born at Pccaton'ca in north
ern Illinois, May 27, 1855 His father
was a farmer and tbe son was raised at
bard work on a farm attending district
school in the winters. Later he took a
course at the best high school in tbat
section of Illinois, and after a six years
course graduated. Ia 1877 he removed
to Douglas county Nebraska and began
farming and stock raising. In 1833 he
moved to his present home in Saun
ders county, where he continued the
Politically Mr. Gaffin ha-i always
b en an anti-monopoly republican, al
though he ays he never voted a
straight ticket in his life until he vot
ed the straight independent ticket in
1890. In tbat year he was elected to
the lower house of the Nebraska legis
lature, where he was known as one of
hardest working members of that body.
Via wnu nn t.h mi I mad (nmmH,ta(Ji:?r
, r uuu.
did a great deal of t(b4ie0,.k of getting
tfiB.QeCf7jTir finally ready to go
before the house.
In demeanor Mr. Gaffin is genial,
corteous, but at once iropreses you as a
a man having a mind of his own. "Gen
tleman"' is marked on every feature
and in every action of the man. He is
making one of the ablest, fairest and
most resppcted soeakers that ever pre
sided over a Nebraska house.
PORTER OF MttRRICK.
William F. Porter, the brilliant
young leader of the independents on
the floor of the house, was born in
Champaign, I'linois, Juno 1, iSGl. He
was brought up on a farm. His educa
tion consisted of that which could be
obtained at a common school. He
came to Clarks, Neb., April 5, 1879,
bought a small farm from the railroad
company, but did not live on it long.
He got a position as fireman on the U.
P. railroad, and for about a year made
the regular run from Green River,
Wyoming to Ogden, Utah. Tirine of
of this life he returned to his home in
Illinois, where he remained for about
eighteen months. Then he came back
to his farm near Clarks, Neb., where
he nas lived ever since.
Mr. Porter had never been promi
nent in any way until 1890. True he
had been a justice of the peace in his
own precinct a couple of terms, but
was not generally known over the
county. He was taken up by the alli
ance convention and nominated as a
dark horse candidate. Bat when he
got into the campaign and afterwards
in the legislature, he showed the met
tle of which he was made. He showed
that as a ready, witty and forcible de
bater, he had lew superiors in the
house. He was the author of the Aus
tralian ballot bill and with Gaffin and
John M. Moan got up the Newberry
bill. In the present session he natu
rally and easily took the place of a
leader on his side of the house. He is
chairman of the railroad committee.
As he is a young man his friends pre
dict for him a brilliant future.
BARRY OF GREELEY.
Patrick H. Barry was born in Cork,
Ireland, in 1813 His parents brought
him to America when he was 5 years
of age. They settled in Boston, Mass.
Young Barry attended the schools of
the great city until he was 12, when
the death of his father left upon his
hands the support of a mother, sister
and younger brother. But the young
man bravely bore up his part and went
into the battle of life, learning the
trade of a tinsmith.
But the remarkable part of Mr.
Barry's history is his army record. On
September 2, 1861, when 18 years old he
enlisted in Company E, of the 63d, N.
tnen .Jd regiment in Gen. Thomas
Ifrancis Mar's Irish brigade, which
went through the peninsular campaign
and made the famous charge on St.
Mary's heights in Deoember of 1862.
Mr. Barry was wounded in the right
leg at the battle of Antietam which
occasioned his discharge from the ser
vice. Here-enlisted in July 1863, in
the 12th, Mass. V. I. afterwards trans
ferred to the 39th, served under Grant
in his terrible campaign through the
wilderness on to Richmond. At Spott-
lylvania he was severely burned in the
face by gunpowder, but did not lose a
day's service. He was at the famous
mine explosion in front of Petersburg,
when he received a wound which oc
casioned the amputation of his right
arm, when he was again discharged
from the service.
Mr. Barry then returned to civil life
and engaged in business in Boston.
While here he became an ardent green
backer. He was a member of the green
back state central committee and was
prominent in the movement in Massa
chusetts until he left that state and
oime to Greeley county, Nebraska, in
Marcn lsSU. He signed the farst call
for the formation of the people's inde
pendent party in 1890 and in 1892 was
nominated and elected to the lesisla-
ture by that party. . .
Mr. Berry is white-haired, smooth
shaven, 'and of medium height. He
has already shown power of the first
order as a debater on the floor of the
STEVENS OK FCRNAS.
John Stevens was born in what is
known as the "Pan-Handle" of West
Virginia, November 10, 1839. His par
ents moved to Iowa when he was 15
years of age. Here John completed a
common school education. He lived on
a farm in Iowa until 1878, whem he came
to Webster county, Nebraska, in 1879
went to Furnas county, where he still
' In August 3, 1861, Mr. Stevens, then
23, entered the service in Mfnpany A,
10' h. Iowa. V. I. He saw 3'.t months in
the Cumberland He was twice at Cor
inth, at Iuke, Champion Hill. Viks
burg, twice at Jackson. Miss., at Miss
ion Ridge and several other battles.
In politics Mr. Stevens is one of the
'Old Guard." He voted for Peter Coop
er, in 76,J. B. Weaver, in '80 Ben But-
erin'84, A. J. Streeter in '88, and
Weaver again in '92, and says he is
proud of every vote cast.
In 1890 Mr. Stevens waa elected to the
legislature wbere he at once became
one of the notable figures! Fearless
and forcible in doVate. he met the
gladiators of other days and gave way
He wa3 re-elected to the present leg
islature and is already making his in
fluence strongly felt.
On Tuesday representative Barry
offered a resolution proposing the im
peachment of Governor Crounse for his
action in approving the bond of Mosher
and Outcalt. The resolution was laid
over till Wednesday. A substitute
will probably be adopted including
Hastings and Allen, for it is the gen
eral belief that they are the guilty
The Alliance Publishing Co. has lately
received many complaints from sub-
D,tjKava ctattnrv fViat. tVioir An nnt. ITA.
the paper at all, Jand -others tbA,e
paper does .--rirftirVv. 5
iSt. of the following week. We intend
ed to change our day of publication to
Wednesday Instead of Thursday in
order to remedy this .f possible, but
nave not been able to do so yet on
account of delay in getting our motor
repaired. We believe however that
uiuou wuiiiimie at ibo irom causes ogj
yond our reach.
With a view to correcting the evil if
possible, we request every subscriber
who has just cause for complaint in the
future to send us a written statement of
his case without delay. If it shall ap
pear that the fault is with the mail ser
vice, we will forward these statements
to the post office department at Wash
ington. WHITE TO T0UE MEMBERS.
While the thousands of producers
4. 1 I .. . 1 . .
lueir allium ai noma, ttia vnn.itinui
and combinations of all kinds have
shrewd, well dressed brainy men at the
capital to lobby for the passage of bills
in their interest, and prevent legisla
tion in the Interest of the masses. These
lobbyists are shrewd and persistent, and
they make their influence felt in many
The people have one means of mentral
izing these evil influences which they
ought to use for all it is worth:
Thtyshoutd write personal letters to their
senators and representatives.
Such letters exert a powerful influence.
They are generally read and remember
ed. Members frequently speak of let
ters they have received from constitu
ents as indications of popular sentiment.
Such letters tend to t tree? then th
weak, encourage the strong, convince
the doubtful and arouse the indifferent.
I noro Qua tnrn ni f-v-- . t- i '
m . - ... -
kmv Ta,uu wu u uui k Binunuii-
and representatives without delay:
L . a mi . i . .
The bounty boomers are trying to se
cure the restoration of the bounty as a
measure in the interest of the farmers.
The farmers who see through their
scheme should send in a flood of pro
Second, There is talk of a compromise
ah -w si a A . t . .
w a.Mwu uovxuu uy nuitu
low rates will be established on a few
principal commodities. Such a com
promise is proposed ostensibly in the
interest of the farmers, but as a mat-
nor ui iauii, ib is ooieiy in tne interest oi
Railroad men understand the rate
rt linorinn n sv-ms-i n j-inni a. a. i a. i
fivwvuu UUT 1UCOOU t3 (II IM1MT1-
nrnmtsa f nan ha oat A n W
vuou nuuiu uu buu lit'IIHrs 1 1 T.T. I A fti nt
oiui wriwsyour mem oers, urge
i.Tl P. m t.O IrAOTi nlnaa n V. . T a
.-w w "i m a kai ia,
and protest against any compromise
that will give the .people another
worthless railroad law.
We are in receiDt of th bao nnnual
Farm, Monroe County, N. Y. It is a
beauty, and contains much valuable in-
mis is une oi tne oinasr, pst.ah ia
Ann m r unhnkl l, ... . ; . r. .
tneir annual free.
No Real Rival Vet.
world famous Eli Perkins says:V
After people have gone over all the
routes to California once, they settle
down to tha U. P. ' Tais road will al
ways be the great transcontinental line.
It has the best track, the best equip-1
ment, the bast eating houses, and l
icacnes tne traveler more nistory an
geography than any other line. It
shows you historic Salt Lake and th
Mormons, takes you through the grea
Laramie plains, the Humboldt Basin
and the Grand Canyon, over the ver,
stage route that Horace Greeley ani
Artemus ward roue.
once on tne union jactnc it goes
everywhere. It runs to Portland and
Pueblo, Helena and the Yosemite,
coma and beattle, Los Angeles and
Diego, and is the only route to
t ranclsco. It has no real rivals yet,
bend lor our tjaliiornia Sights anc
Scenes. J. T. Mastin, C. T. A
E. B. SLOSSON, G. A. Lincoln, Neb,
1044, O. St,
Powered by Open ONI