Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 15, 1892)
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
LICE THAT EFFECT DOMESTIC
Kerosene Emulsion the Bet Remedy
Training Colts Fruit Fays Hor
ticultural Hints and Home
Lice oa Animals.
Colts . which have been in pasture
during summer are often found infest
ed with lice when brought to the
stable in autumn. These lice may be
long to either of three distinct species,
but they are most likely to be t he one
called the common biting1 .horse lonse,
which is the most abundant. It occurs
mostly about the head, mane and tail.
The front of its body is brownish and
the back portion (the abdomen) is yel
lowish white, with eight transverse
dark bands upon the back.
Another kind of louse occasionally
' found upon horses at once distin
guished from the former kind by its
triangular head. Of the t lire a kinds
of lice that infest cattle, one is called
the short-nosed ox-louse. This is a
slaty blue species, the female of which
is about one-sixth of an inch Ion?
when full grown, while the iua es are
somewhat smaller. Thu beaV of t!ie
louse is provided with little lio;)ks. by
which it may be firmly attached to the
skin, and within these hoo'.s there is a
slender sucking tube bavin',' a piercing
extremity, which the insect pushes
through the skin of its host and su -ks
the blood. The eggs are attache I to
the hairs of the cattle near the body,
and hatch into young lice that do n t
differ, except in size, from the adults.
The neck and shoulders of cattle are
jpostilKeFy to be.affecteu by this pest.
T!a long;nSt, ox-louse differs con
siderably from the other. It is about
one-eighth of an inch Ion?, and . is a
sucking specif. The biting horse
louse is very sb.j' ar to t!r; biting ox-louse.-
The lat'Kjr is reddish in rolor
and is a common pest, 'says the Ameri
During thelast few years the kero
sene emulsion has been found the most
satisfactory rjemedy for lice alf feting
cattle and ether domestic animals.
This is commonly prepared by adding
two gallons dt kerosene to one gallon
of a solutionanade by 'dissolving one
half pound ojt soap in one gallon of
boiling watei and churning the mix
ture, by forcing it back into the same
. vessel through a force-pump with a
rather small. nozzle, until the whole
forms a ' creamy mass, which will
thicken into a jelly-like substance on
cooling. Th4 soap solution should ba
hot when the'kerosene is added, but
of course must not be; addad near the
lire. The eniVils'uu thus made is to be
diluted befor us: ng with nine or ten
gallons t)f")ld water. Soft water
should be used in diluting. '
In case soft water Is not available.
a good emulsion can 4 be made with
hard water, ceordin to the following
directions b Prof. A. J. Cook: Dis
solve one-fourth pound of hard soap,
in two quarts of i water; add one
pint of keroslue, and! pump the mix
ture back inti) itself while hot. This
always emulsifies at once, and is per
manent witlf hard ; as well as soft
water. Thisls diluted with twice its
bulk of water! before use.
The emulsion should be applied to
the animals bj- means of a force pump
and spray no.le, rubbing it about the
roots of the hiiri. thoroughly with the
finger tips or i stout ! brush. It kills
the lice, and U the emulsion is thor
oughly preparedwith no free kero
sene it benefits rather than injures
the animals' h air. ;
In cold whiter weather, when it is
not advisable to vet the animal's coat,
the lice mayaie billed by fumigation
k with tobacco smoke) A good method
for this has ica described in a recent
bulletin of tie Iowa experiment sta
tion. It consists "ora tight box stall
just large (iioufh to admit of the
largest animal b ung treated, pne end
having a cldse-iittmg door to admit
the animal, 1
pie opposite end a stan-
chion in whio
the animal is fastened,
and covering j
the open part of this end
and made td
fit tightly around the
head lust ins
front of the horns, is a
canvas sack tpp.n at both ends, the
inner one nailed to the stall and the
outer with a Running cord to draw it
down to the animal's head, thus leav
ing the eyes and nose in open air. An
opening at the bottom of one side ad
mits the fumigating substance, sul
phur or tobadco, the latter apparently
the most effective. ' iln burning this we
used a wire sc-een to spread the to
bacco, placing thisi over a tin trough
containing a Vjuantity of alcohol. It
could be burnt, however, with coals,
Br using a small quantity of kerosene.
The time off exposure necessary will
vary some with the strength of fumes,
but one to two ounces of tobacco and
exposure of 20 to 30 minutes was found
There is nothing in the process of
procuring the t il jfroin the seeds of
the sunflower any more difficult thau
in pressing the oil, from cotton seed.
The whole seeds may be pressed in a
cotton oil mill, and in precisely the
same way. Tlie, whole seed yields
about 15 percent of oil, it gives 33 per
cent of shelled grains, which are equal
to peanuts for mating, and these yield
as lm ii r j 1.
no per cent qi on 01 me nrst quality.
The cake lefi makes a better f I for
i the cotton seed, as it is
the i highly stimulating
lie cotton oil cake. While
at the preset
this industry is in an
condition, there is no
the plant may not be
profit for domestic uses,
as the leaves itnayi; be used for fodder,
the stalks fdr fatl and the seed for
feeding sheep, jbrjultty, swine, cows
and even horscjij for Which uses it is
free from any oSjectioWble qualities.
V As an acre hasjfurnishM ten tons of
air dry stems 'kaf one ton M leaf fod-
ier with 2,500 pounds of seed these
products wilt afford a profit on its cul
ture for these purposes, and if a de
mand should arise for the oil, which is
excellent for lubricating the fine ma
chinery now coming into increasingly
extensive nss in houses and factories
and moved by electricity, the way will
be already made for the supply of all
that may be required. It has been
found that a ready supply of such pro
ducts frequently creates a demand and
use for them, and thus the culture of
this plant may be undertaken in a
small way with present profit and a
prospect of a greater one in the future.
The practice of letbing edits run wild
until they are two or thres years old
has been changed to the habit of
breaking to halter while young. Often
tliey are broken to lead before they
are weaned and are handled and petted
more or less until considered old
enough to break to harness. Many
yearling colts are a.-tually broken to
harness and driven before light
vehicles, but at this age, unless man
aged with rare judgment, injury is
liable to follow from over-exertion.
If the colt is of a nervous tempera
ment, treat kindly by feJin? grain
and teach it to eat lumps of sugar from
your hand, and soon you will be able
to rub and pH it. Spjak gently to
the colt and soon your coming will be
a welcome visit. W.ieu tying with a
halter use a strong oue, so that if it is
scared and pulls back the halter will
nut break but hold firmly. The colt
will not soon repeat that msthod of
getting away. Throughout the break
ing process, uss harness and vehicles
that are strong and safe. If a colt
once runs away it seems to watch for
a similar opportunity.
Should the colt be fretful and try
vour patien :. do not get mad and give
it an excessive drive simply to let it
know you are master, or whip and
otherwise abuse it to gain the same
point. The changes are that, if you
lell the truth about the matter after
wards, you will acknowledge your
Teach colts to instantly ob?y the
word whoa" and train tliuui to stan I
until requested tog. I'a'.l the colt by
1 its name vi?ry frequently. When used
by the side of another liars;' t le latter
should be of the gentlest disposition,
and. no matter how kin f and trusty it
has been, never leave, them without
tying both of them, as colts frequently
get into bad snarls and the mate, how
ever gentle, is often le.l to cause you
trouble and loss 'American Agricul
turist. Horticultural Hi nts.
Discard all trees that have damaged
tops or roots.
Fruit stored in the cellar needs a
good ciruclation of air.
Give each tree an abundance of
room both for its roots and the top.
Pasturing with any kind of stock
will help drive moles and mice from
Never leave more heads than the
eoots will support, if a good healthy
growth is to be secured.
Almost any kind of stock will in
jure a young orchard, keep out until
the trees are well established.
On the average farm it is a good
plan to plant out a few fruit trees
every year in order to keep up the
One of the first things to do in set
ting out trees is to head them proper
ly. Trim so as to avoid forks and head
It is best with a young orchard at
least to replace any missing trees
with good thrifty trees when a vacan
Fall is'a'good time to plant out
shade and ornamental trees, but ever
greens should not be transplanted
Cream should whip three times its
bulk, producing three quarts of whip
ped cream from one of un whipped.
The skin of new potatoes can be re
moved more quickly with a stiff vege
table brush than by scraping.
.Most vegetables are better cooked
fast, excepting potatoes, beans, cauli
flower and others which contain
starch. Cabbage should be boiled rap
idly in plenty of water; so should on
ions and young beets and turnips.
A cool room above ground is better
for milk than a cellar, and it should
always be remembered that milk
should not stand near vegetables, fish
or meat of any kind, as it invariably
absorbs the flavor of what is near it.
Doughs that stick to rolling pin,
board and hands in a hot kitchen
should be set away till thoroughly
chilled, but all trouble might have
been saved by using cold fat, flour and
liquid at first, and the texture of the
dough would have been better.
It is a great mistake to make a large
tea-biscuit. Properly speaking, a tea
biscuit should not be more than two
inches in diameter and proportionately
thick when baked. This gives a deli
cate, moist, flaky biscuit, which will
be cooked through before the outside
crust has become hard or over brown.
In boiling macaroni it is fatal to
permit it to stop boiling for a moment
until done. Have plenty of salted
water in the saucepan at the boiling
point when the sticks are added, and
when they are tender throw in a glass
of c old water to stop the cooking sud
denly, and drain at once. After that
it may be served in various ways.
Gasoline will remove spots from the
most delicate fabrics and leave no
trace behind of its use. It will also
renovate feathers and clean the plain
est or the richest lace The lace is
plunged into a small pan of gasoline
just asAone would wash it in water.
Gasoline, however, dries almost in
stantly. It is also a fine thing to use
in removing spots from woollen cloth
ing ofajl d'escriotions. .,.J. .
What Victor Ilago Said on
The poor cry tut to the wealthy.
The slaves implore their rulers, and
as much now as in the days of Spartan
I am one of them, and I add my
voice to that of the multitude that It
may reach the ears of the rich. Who
am I? One of the people. From
whence came 1? From the bottom
less pit How am I named? I am
wretchedness. My lords. I have
something to (ay to you.
My lords, you are placed high.
You havo power, opulence, pleasure,
the sun immovable at your zenitli,
unlimited authority,' enjoyment un
divided, a total forgetfulness of oth
ers. So be it. But there is something
below you; above you, perhaps. My
lords. I Impart tc you a novelty. The
human race exists.
I am he who comes from the
depths. My lords, you are the great
and the t-icli. That is perilous. You
take advantage of the night But
have a care, there is greater power
the morning. The dawn cannot be
vanquished. It has within it the
outbreak of irresistible day.
You. you are the dark clouds of
privilege. Be afraid. The true mas
ter of the house is about to knock at
What is the father of privilege?
Chance. What is his son? Abuse,
Neither chance nor abuse is endur
inc. They have both of them, an
I come to warn you. I come to
denounco 10 you your own bliss. It
is made out of the ills of others.
Your paradise is made out of hell and
of the poor.
I come to open be'ore you the
wealthy, the grand assizes of the poor
that sovereign, who is the slave,
that convict, who is the judge.
I am bowed down under what I
have to say. When to beein? I
know not 1 have picked up in the
vast trough straggling pleas. Now
what shall I do with them? They
overwhelm me and 1 throw them pell
mell before me.
I am a diver, and I bring up from
the depths a pearL the truth. I
speak because 1 know. I have ex
perience. I have seen. Suffering?
No, the word is weak, O master in
bliss! Poverty I have grown up in
it; winter 1 have shivered in it;
famine I have tasted it; scorn I
have undergone it; the plague I
have had it; shame I have drank of
I felt it requisite that I should
come among you. Why? Because
of my yesterday s rags. It was in or
der that my voice might be raised
among tho satiated that God com
mingled me with the hungered. Oh!
havo pity. Oh! you know not this
fatal world, whereto you think that
you belong. So high, you are outside
of it. I will tell you what it is.
Abandoned, an orphan, alone in a
boundless creation. I made my entry
into this gloom that you call society.
The first thing that I saw was law
under the form of a gibbet; the
second was woallh it is your wealth
under the form of a woman dead
of cold and hunger; the third was
luxury under the shape of a haunted
man chained to prison walls; the
fourth was your palaces beneath
which cowered the tramp.
The human race has been made by
you slaves and convicts. You have
made this earth a dungeon. Light is
wanting, air is wanting, virtue is
Tho workers of this world, whose
fruits you enjoy, live iu death. There
are little girls who begin at eight by
prostitution, and who end at twenty
by old age. Who among you have
been to Newcastle-on-Tyno? There
are mon in the mines there who chew
coal- to fill the stomach and cheat
hunger. Look you at Lancashire.
Want of work everywhere. Are you
aware that the Harlech fishermen eat
grass when the fishery fails? Are
you awaro that nt Burton Lazars
there are still certain lepers driven
into the woods, who are fired at if
they come out of their dens? In
reckridge they have no beds in the
hovels, and holes are dug in tho
ground for children to sleep, so that
in place of beginning with the cradle
they begin with the tomb.
Mercy, have mercy for the poor!
Oh. 1 conjure you have pity! -j
But no, you will not. I know ye
all. Devils bred in hell and dogs
with hearts of stone. Upward to
your golden thrones for ages has gone
the cry of misery, the eroan of hun
ger and the sob of despair, and ye
heeded not. What mercy thou hast
given shall be meted oat to you tin
Bear in mind that the series of
kings armed with the sword waj
interrupted by Cromwell armed with
Tremble! The incorruptible disso
lutions draw near; the clipped talons
push out again; tho torn-out tongues
take to fight; become tongues of fire
scattered to the winds of darkness,
and they howl iu tho infinite. They
who are hungry show their idle teeth.
Paradises built over hells totter.
There i9 suffering, and that which is
above leans over, and that which is
below gaps open. The shadow asks
to become light The damaed discuss
the elect It w the people who are
oncoming. I tell you it is a man who
asconds. It is the end that is begin
ning. It is the red dawn of catastro
phe? What happiness to be again ridden
and beaten and starved! What hap
piness to work forever for bread and
water! What happiness to be free
from the delusion that cake is good
and life other than misery! Was there
anything more crazy than those ideas?
Where should we be if every vaga
bond had his rights? Imagine every
body governing! Can you imagine
a city governed by those who built it?
Tbcy are the team, not the coach
man. Vhat a God-send is a rich
A VOICE FROM THE
Surely he is generous to take this
trouble for us. And then he was
brougbt up to It; be knows what it is;
it is his business, aswy
A guide U necessary for us. Being
poor, we are ignorant; being igno
rant we are blind; we need a guide.
But why are we ignorant? Because it
must be so. Ignorance is the guar
dian of virtue. He who is ignorant
is innocent It is our duty not to
think, complain or reason.
These truths are incontestable.
Society reposes on them. What is
society? Misery for you if you sup
port it Death if you dare touch it
l'e reasonable, poor man, you were
made to be a slave.
Not to be a slave is to dare and da
The pall w'' leh covered the cofflt
during the funeral service' of Lord
Tennyson was of the handspun and
handwoven Buskin linen made in Kes
wick. It is unbleached and of a warm,
rich tone of color. It bears in the cen
ter the last four lines of the poem
"Crossing the Bar," worked in gold.
Above is the laurel wreath in shades
of green; below, the baron's coronet,
with the initial "A T." in gold. The
whole ground is covered with trails of
English wild roses, worked in natural
colors. It, is lined with white silk.
The roses are emblematical of the Eng
land and the English country life the
poet so loved and sung of. The rose
with its associations of chivalry, is
also suggestive of the Arthurian
poems. Forty-two blossoms or buds
in number, these roses symbolize the
years of his Laureateship. The crown
of laurel bears the berries as typical of
the ripeness of the poet's art Tho de
signer of the pall was Mrs. Rawnsley,
wife of the Vicar of Crosthwaite, him
self a Lincolnshire man and connec
tion of the poet's family, and the son
of one of the poet's oldest friends, from
whose house the Laureate was'mar
ried. One of Kmperor Wll Ham's Toys. !
The emperor of Germany has placed
upon the wall of his study a large
photograph of which he is very proud.
It is a portrait, half life size, of the
biggest and smallest soldier of the
Prussian army standing side by side.
The former is Private Pritzchan, of
the first regiment of the Prussian
guard. He stands 6 feet 7 inches in
his boots, and when he presented him
self at Dusseldorf for examination a
special apparatus had to be provided
with which to take his waist measure.
His breadth is in proportion to his
height. The smallest soldier is the
hereditary prince. The picture is a
unique one, showing a veritable giant,
quite equal to any that figure in
"Grimme's Tales" or other books of
fables, and by his side a soldierly Lilli
putian. Gold ou the Columbia.
The Columbia is gold-bearing at any
point but none but the Chinese seem
to make it pay. A Chinaman who has
washed the bars of the river for
twelve years, tells a Wenatchee, Wash
ington paper, that any of them bear
gold; that under favorable conditions
his countrymen can make from 81.75
to S3 per day; that the reason why
white men cannot succeed is because
they do not use care enough in saving
the gold, which is exceedingly fine.
The Chinamen use a great deal of
quicksilver and run water through the
sluices very slowly; the American is in
two big a hurry, and floats away the
gold. It is quite hard work, as the
dirt must be lifted very hisrh.
Oregon, Washington and the North
The constant demand of the traveling
public to the far west for a comfortable
and at the &auie time an economical
mode of traveling, haskd te the estab
lishment of what is known as Pullman
These cars arc built on the same gen
eral plan as the regular firstrclass Pull
man Sleepers, the only difference being
that they are not upholstered.
They are furnished complete with
good comfortable hair mattresses, warm
blankets, snow white linen curtains,
plenty ef towels, combs, brushes, etc.,
which secure to the occupant of a berth
as much privacy as is to be had in first
class sleepers. There are also separate
toilet rooms lor ladies and gentlemen,
and smoking is absolutely prohibited.
For full iafoimation send for Pullman
Colonist Sleeper Leaflet.
J. T. Mastin, C. T. A. 1044 O. St.,
E. B. SLOSSON, (Jen. Agt.
Send ten cents in stmps to John Se
bastain, Gen'l Ticket and Pass. Agt,
C, It. I. & P. R'y. Chicago, for a pack
of the "Hock Island" Playing Cards.
They are acknowledged the best, and
worth five times the cost. Send money
order or postal note for 50c, and we
will send five packs by express, prepaid.
Homes and Irrigated Farms, Gardens
and Orchards in the Celebrated Bear
River Valley on the Main Lines ot the
Union Pacific and Central Pacific R. R.
near Corinne and ?gden, Utah.
Splendid location for business and in
dustries of all kinds in the well known
city of Corinne, situated in the middle
of the valley en the Central Pacific R.R.
The lands'of the Bear River valley are
now thrown open to settlement by the
construction of the mammoth system of
irrigation from the Bear lake and river,
just cempleted by the Bear River Canal
Co., at a cost of 13,008,000. Th com
pany controls 100,000 acres of these fine
anda and owns many lota asd business
locations in the city ef Corinne, and la
now prepared to sell on easy terms to
settlers and colonies. The climate, soil,
and irrigating facilities are pronouaced
unsurpassed by competent judges who
declare the valley te be tho Paradise of
the Farmer, Fruit Grower and Stock
Raiser. N ice social surroundinirs, gqod
schools and churches at Corinne City,
and Home Markets exist for every kind
of farm and garden produce in the
neighboring cities of Ogdea and Salt
Lake, and in the great mining camps.
Lands will be shown from the local of-
Percheron and French Coach
MaplaR Groyr Farm,
Champion First Premium and Sweepstakes Herd
For the States of Kansas and
The Nebraska State Fair Herd Premium, for best show, all Draft breeds com
peting, was again awarded to my horses, making the fifth year in succession
that my herd has been the recipient of this much coveted prize.
A Nebraska bred horse, raised on Maple Grove Farm, was this year, awarded 1
the First Premium and Sweepfftakei at the Kansas State Fair, in competition
with twenty-five head of horses from fi76 different states, 150 head of registered,
imported and home bred Percheron horses and mares.
A large portion of my present stock on hand, has been raised on my Farm and
Will ba SoM at prices below the reach of any importer in America.
I am in a position to give my patrons the benefit of not having paid any fixed
sum, or expensive buying and transportation charges in order to own my horses.
I cordially invite a carefnl inspection of my horses, and will guarantee the
buyer that my stock cannot be equaled in America, either in the quality or the
prices that I am asking.
Write for catalogue, and don't fail to inspect my stock before buying.
TaliPfC 11 a GOD, FBVIViefiTi
CREST CITY FARM
L. BAN It 0 WILOON.
Breeding and Importing Establishment, One Mile Irom Depo Crestoa, Iowa.
200 Full-Blocded Percheron, English Shire, English Hackney,
Belgitn Frrnoh Coach, Cleveland Bays mi Standard Bred Horses.' -
W. J. WROUGHTON & CO .
Cambridge, Furnas County, Nebraska.
IM POSTERS OP
ShireClyde, Percheron, Jlelgian,
German, and Oldenberg Coach, French Caach,
Yorkshire Coach , and ClevelandfBay Stallions.
We Handle More
Horses Than Any Firm
We Import oar own bones thus saving the customer the middle man's profit Buyers
have the advantage of comparing all breeds side by side at our stables.
We Have 40 Good Young Acclimated Horses on Hand.
Another Importation of 40 will arrive about October 1. We guarantee all our hones
every respect We make farmers companies a specialty, having a system whereby we
can organize companies and insure absolute success. .
We Will Send a Man to Any Part of the State, ,
On application to assist In organizing companies. We give long time thus enabling p&f'
chauiers to pay for hones from services. Correspondence promptly answered. Men
tion this paper. Address,
W. J. WROUGHTON & CO., Cambridge, Neb.
50 SPANISH JACKS
FULL BLOODED CATALUNA
IMPORTED SEPT., 1892,
HOGATE DAVIS & CO.
fmm 1 in R vpars
10 hands high. These Jacks were selected by Mr. J. B. Hogate the well known,
breeder, and imported by him in person. Address or call at their stables.
HOGATE, DAVIS & CO.,
Mention this paper.
Thorough Bred Horses
WAH00, NEBRASKA, JANUARY, 12TH, 1893, AT I P. M.
Owing to bad weather my sale December 7th was postponed and on Jan. 12th
mv entire Stud will be offered, consisting of Imported and American bred full-
blooded and recorded
PERCHERON AND FRENCH DRAFT STALLIONS,
MARES, COLTS AND FILLIES.
No reservation, everything goes. Terms: Two years time at 8 per cent; 5
ner cent off for cash. Send for catalogue.
COL. F, M. WOOD,
Z. S. BRANSON,
LIVE STOCK AUCTIONEER.
Makes sales In Nebraska and ther states. Best
of references. Fourteen y ars experience.
Prices reasonable, correspond 1 1 isoiicuea sua
Furnas Co. Herd,
BEAVER CITY, NEB.
Thoroughbreds exclusiTeiy. All ages, either
- KnKB hroii VfYir r friMr.npfla as repre
sented. Prices right. Mention this paper.
11. S. WlitLiJAJlOVi r.
CHEW AND SMOKED
BHTAXEB NATURAL LEAF T0BACC0.
Deet chewing 14c per lb. Best smoking c
11 1 hskc TnBaMn rs nrViM
I have the largest assortment ot En
ropean Breeds of any man in America;
1 handle none but recorded stock ; I do
not permit a mouthful of hot feed to be
given; my horses are not pampered and
are properly exercised, and fed cool
food, which I think are the main reas
ons why my horses gha?e always been
Come and visit my establishment.
I am always glad to show my stock
A FEW GOOD DRAFT HARES FOR 8Al
When arriving at Creston visitors
will please telephone to the Crest City
Farm and I will drive in after them.
I am prepared to give long time t
E vei J horse guaranteed a breeder and
must be as represented.
nld. black with mealv points. Hi to
L. H. SUTER
Breeder of fancy Po
land China swine
and P. R. fowls. Ms-
Inritv . nf niirs sired
by Free Trades Best, remainder by Paddys Chip
and Lytles Dandy. - Free Trades Best Is sired by
Free Trade, the great - show hog that was sold
far f 800, being the highest priced hog in ex
istence. Bad a full sister to Free Trade in my
herd for S years and have many fine sows from
er L. H SUTER.
The highest concentration of the
Z. S. BRANSON, Waverly, Neb.
WANTED SALESMEN TlToS
our well known Kursery Stock, Seed snd Seed Po
tatoes. Fins opening tor a few pushing men at
Soodwagea Apply ijouk, stating ge.
JL. MAT tCO., Nmseryman, Florist and
Secdmen. St Paul, Miaa.
Powered by Open ONI