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About The Alliance-independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1892-1894 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 8, 1892)
'The International Monetary Conference
RV1CES OVESt THE
Controlled by the Jews No
Chance for Bi-Metallism-
THE CEREMONIES VEST UKST.
fVSOTHSOHILD PREDICTS A PANIC
America's Gold-Bug Delegates Working
f tn Harmony With Rothschild
schemes to Degrade Silver
- , Considered in Secret
Many Men Dint uk the. Tina
cial and Kailw? World Vreeeat t
Pay Their Last Beepeete ta the
Memory of the Great Depart
d Many Late Arrivals
I'aable to Get In.
wlYLOCK TO TDE FRONT TVv . --
NO JBOSrECT OF GOOD EESULTS-
Repe-rt of the Proceedings Proposals
Made and Considered Comments
and Opinions The Roths,
childs as "Sight-Seers"
in the United States.
The present international monetary
conference really. grew out oi the agi
nation for the free coinage of silver in
the United States. The proposition to
call it took definite form about the time
of the contest over the Bland bill in
N the houae last spring. It was proposed
by President Harrison. It was also
1 favored by ex-President Cleveland, and
i ihe gold-standard leaders of his party
I Hence a resoultion providing for the
I calling of the conference passed both
' houses of congress almost without oppo-
sition. Secretary Fostt,. went to Eng-
k Jand last summer to secure the co-oper-
" ation of the British government. Cor
"Kdial invitations were sent to all the
European governments urging them to
send delegates. Mo6t of them acceded
to the requesst, and & time and place
for the meeting were set.
l The object of the present aamimstra-
Jtf tion in calling the conference was
( t without doubt to prevent, or at least
I . to postpone, the triumph of the silver
I movement in the United States,
j While the delegation appointed by
! garrison to represent the United
! Tates is unfriendly to the free and un-
limited coinage of silver at the present
L - ratio, it really favors any halfway
measure that will tend to relieve the
"0 present strain, and quiet the present
agitation of the money question in the
Other nations have sent delegates
iainly out of courtesy to the United
' In Europe as in the United States
l'or twenty years all financial legisla
tion has been in the direction of more
fully establishing a gold standard,
There is practically no agitation of the
silver question there.
Under such conditions there has
baen no reason to hope that the con
ference could accomplish any good
And no intelligent observer will be
surprised at its complete failure to ac
THE CONFERENCE MEETS.
On November 22, the conference met
Brussels, the capital of Belgium
Delegates representing the following
nations were present:
Austria-Hungary, Belgium, France,
Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Italy,
Thj9 Netherlands, Portugal, Roumania,
Russia, Servia, Spain, Sweden, Norway,
Switzerland, India, Denmark and
ilexico. The United States is repre
sented by five regular delegates as fol
lows: Senator W. B. Allison of Iowa,
Sen tor Jones of Nevada, Congressman
McCreary of Kentucky, H. W. Cannon,
president of the Chase National bank
of Chicago, and O. E. Leech, director
of the mint. Of these Jones is the
only radical free coinage man, Mc
Creary leans that way but is not very
radical. The others are strongly
opposed to free and unlimited coniage
at the present ratio. Besides these
tegular delegates, the United States is
auso represented at the conference by
E -B. Andrews, president of Brown
University, Prof. Faulkner of the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania, Thos. W,
Cutler, Thos. Keller and Jas. T. Mor
gan. Several of these men are pro
nounced gold standard men, and not
one of them is a pronounced friend of
The delegates from Great Britain
are: Sir William Houldsworth, M. P.,
V Northwest Manchester; Bertram
Irrie, partner in the bank of Messrs.
Jtjfnn, Mills, Currie & Co.; Sir Charles
Ijtnantle. K. C. H.. dflnutv irmmrnnr
: 1 , r j a ' "
,f tne mini! Alfrorl rlo T?rti
I ." - 7 -w v vv xUUOVUUU KJLL
Mr. Beernart, prime minister of Bel-
'gium called the conference together,
and delivered an address of welcome.
He spoke of the importance of the
money question, and expressed the hope
that much good would result from the
Conference. He said it was fitting that
ihe conference should be held in one of
the states belonging to the Latin Union
but it was the duty of the American
delegates to put forward their views
and explain how they proposed to carry
them into effect.
Montefiore Levi, a Jewish financier,
me of tho Belgium delegates was then
nimously chosen president.
the conference then adjourned until
iday November 26
The man who nominated Levi, the
w, for presideat of the congress, was
Hen. E. Terrell of the United
States minister to Belgium. The,
Jewish papers of Europe are rejoicing
because three of the most prominent
members of the conference are Jews.
Levi and Rothschild are two of them.
In the evening the delegates at
tended a grand banquet given by M.
On Friday the 25th, the conference
re-assembled. The fi rst difference that
arose was in regard to the sittings.
The English delegates wanted to meet
every day. The American delegates
and others opposed this. They argued
that it would be impossible for dele
gates speaking so many different
languages, to intelligently follow the
discussions, if daily meetings were
held. Time was required for transla
tion and study, also for committee
meetings. Neariy all the other dele
gates opposed the idea of daily sittings.
It was decided to meet every other day.
The effort of the English delegates
created much surprise and was thought
to indicate a desire to break up the
Senators Allison and Jones tttfn lulh
AMERICAN PROPOSAlLSf ,
They submitted a resolution declar
ing that in the opinion of the confer
ence it is desirable that means be found
for an increasing use of silver in the
currency systems of the nations. A
document prepared by the American
delegates and presented with the reso
lution explained that they wished that
an opportunity be afforded to cons'dcr
their plans. At the same time they
submitted a general plan on bimetal
lism offered by the United States
showing, first, that the establishm( nt
and maintenance of a fixed parity be
tween gold and silver and the con
tinued use of both as coined money of
full debt-paying power would be pro
ductlve of important benefit to the
world. The proposal made by the
American delegates were printed in
parallel columns, one in English and
the other fin French, and were
distributed among the delegates, each
receiving a copy as he entered the con
They called attention to the deprecia
tion in the price of silver, and violent
fluctuations in the price of gold, and
claimed that these had been injurious
tdinBIJommerclal and other economic
interests of all civilized nations, and
had caused serious inconveninces to
trade. They said the people of the
United States were almost unanimously
in favor of a full and equal use of gold
and silver at a fixed ratio to be agreed
upon by the great commercial nations.
They were aware that some other na
tions were not in accord with the Unit
ed States in this matter. As delegates
from the United States they would be
glad to hear and consider the proposals
of other nations. In order to put some
thing before the conference for conside
ration and action they submitted the
"That, in the opinion of this confer
ence, it is desirable that means be found
for increasing the use of silver in the
currency systems of the nations of tho
The delegates of other nations then
proceeded to discuss this exceedingly
Sir Charles Rivers Wilson speakirg
for the English delegates favored the
Mr. Tiernrd speaking for the French
criticised the American delegates for
their want of promptness and firmness
in setting forth their proposals.
"He wished to say for himself and his
colleagues that they had come to the
conference with an earnest desire to
consider most cordially every proposal
tending to rehabilitate silver. They
were conscious of the great injury re-
esuiHDg to me commerce or the world
from the depreciation of silver.
The Austrian and German delegates
intimated that they had been instructed
to say that they could not assent to any
modification of their existing monetary
The Dutch, Spanish, and Mexican
delegates stated that they were ready
to vote favorably on the American res
olution, while thd Russian, Roumanian
Italian, Swiss and Greek delegates de
clare that under their instructions they
were not permitted to vote on the reso
lution. The conference ultimately resolved,
in accordance with the rtauestof Senator
Allison to postpone action on the-Ameri
can proposals until a latter stage of the
proceedings and to meet Monday to con
LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY,
liier the proposals submitted by Roths- J
child of the British delegation.
The American delegates expressea
themselves as entirely satisfied with
the result of the day's proceedings.
OLD SHYLOCK SPEAKS.
On Monday November 28, the third
sitting of the conference occurred, and
Alfred de Rothschild, the Jewish
banker of London, chief of the English
delegates submitted his proposals.
Ho argued at great length that bi
metallism in Great Britain is absolutely
Imnossible. and suggested that the
question arises whether it is not pos
sible to extend the use of silver gen
nr&llv. and bv this means assist in
ftheckinE' a further fall in values. Mr
de Rothschild said he did not claim
that his proposals would prove a final
solution of the question, but he did
cluim tbat they would prove a pallia
Summed up, his proposals are that
America should continue her present
purchases of silver, and the European
powers Should continue to buy an
amount equal to 5,000,000 ($24,330,000)
sterling a year for five years at 430 (8U
cents per ounce). If silver should rise
above that price the purchases are to
be immediately suspended.
' The dl'.paoh continues as follows:
The submission of Mr. do Kothschild's
plan was preceded by an explanatory
memorandum, quoting his correspon
dence with the goveracr cf the Bank
of England. In this correspondenC6
the Governor says tb.it he is always
Opposed, on principle, to bimetallism
and that Mr. de Rothschild's plan is
merely a monetary palliative of ih
crisis which the fall in silctr has provoked.
The Governor adds tbat, nevertheless,
the expression of opinion is purely
personal. All other British delegates
except Bertram Currie are known to
approve the plan proposed by Mr.
Rothschild, and it is now confirmed that
Mr. Rothschild and the American delegates
are working together. ,
A DANISH GOLD-BUG.
A uanisn delegate, who is a mono
metalllst, will propose the coinage of
silver 5 franc, 4 shilling, or dollar
pieces, rated to gold according to
the price of silver in the year previous
to the adoption of an international
agreement, with a seignorage of 10 per
cent. He will also propose the appoint
ment of a permanent international
commission to fix the initial prices.
Should tbe price of silver fall to 5 per
cent below the coinage ratio the com
mission will have authority to fix a
new ratio and order the recoinage of
the pieces. These coins will be legal
tender internationally, banks to keep
them as a reserve against notes and to
have the right to demand gold in ex
change for them at any time from the
government issuing the particular coin
A COMMITTEE OF TWELVE.
The Russian delegate. M. Raafial,
moved that the propasal he referred to
a small committee to consider, together
wiin ooeioer s and ievrs schemes. He
wanted this committee to discuss these
proposals in secret and report to the
The Dutch delegate, Herr Bersrmas
seconded the motion and it was unani
A committee of twelve was appointed
including Sir G. freeman tie. British
Guilford L. Molesworth, India; H. W.
Cannon, United States; M. Foville,
r ranae; Jsignor simonom. italv and M
Roffolovith, with Alfred de Rothschild
and M. Levi, ex-onicio members.
The conference adjourned until t ri
I he United States was represented
on mis committee by Henry w. Can
non, president of the Chase Nationil
bank of Chicago, a. gold-bug of tne
Senator Stewart of Nevada in a speech
at Denver a few days ago spoki as
follows concerning the conference, and
the man who represents us on the com
mittee on resolutions:
'The fraudulent device which has al
ways been resorted to has been to pre
tend to settle this matter by interna
tional agreement. Every time the peo
ple becorre restless they are told that
me mometary question must be settled
by an international conference, and the
president of the United States recently
rcpeuwju mat louy. i aaid so at th
time he presented this in his inaugural
mstage. President Harrison said that
independentftction by the United States
wouiu ue injurious to us and beneficial
to the outside world. But he also said
that in any agreement it should be pro
vided that enough of silver must be put
into the established dollar to make it
equal to a gold dcllar.
The president hai appointed delega
tes to the international conference. It
is true that there are two silver men on
tho delegation. But the majority aro
gold mou ard they will declare for the
others or silence them altogether. The
United States is put before that con
gress as in favor of monometallism.
iou recollect the various propositions
which It is now shown are to be put for
ward before that coDgress. Thrjutrh a
subtle scheme it is arranged that the
memoers oi tne Relegations are not to
know what is going on but that the
business is to be talked over and decid
ed upon by commissioners, one from
Continikd on fifth Page.) ,
DECEMBER 8, 1892.
TOOK THE BONDS.
How the Wall Street Wlitaril Obtained the
Wyaudotte and Northwentero.
Kaxsas Citv, Ma. Dec 5. Superin
tendent C F. Urotherton of the Kan
sas City, Wyandotte and Northwestern
says the death of Jay Gould will not
affect the transfer of the road. It is
now practically owned by the Gould
interest, although the formal transfer
has not yet been made. The history
of this transaction is well
known. Gould was forced into
taking the road seemingly against
his will. In J 8l0 he contracted
to buy from the Northwestern con
struction company, which built the
road, a,bout $650,000 worth of the con
struction company's bonds. Of this
amount $150,000 was turned over to
him. ' The remaining $500,000 were
offered to him, but he refused to take
them on the ground that they had
been mutilated. The construction com
pany, however, claimed that Gould
knew this when he made the contract,
and it brought suit to compel him to
fulfill his contract . The attorneys
garni she;d the lissouri Pacific and
Union Pacific roads and made them
parties to the suit. This plan bade
fair to show up all of Gould s inter
ests in these two roads and make the
whole thin? public. Gould's attorneys
asked for extensions of time in vhiuh
to make answer for the two roads sev-
eral times pending an attempt at a set
tlement of th ;;:'i!8j;;,ji
Tot the construction couipauy insisted
on Gould talcing the bonds, and finally
he did so rather than have his Mis
souri Pacific and Unto Pacific hold
ings made public.
The State Hank Matte
Washington. Dac. 5. The state
bank plank in the Democratic plat
form it likely to be the cause of a
good deal more trouble than was an
ticlpated "by-' the convention which
adopted ' it Talks with a n um
bel' ot Demosratic representatives
show that & great difference exists
on this question. Many Democrats
from the East and West are absolutely
opposed to doing anything whatever
with reference . to state banks, while
many representatives voicing the de
mands of their constituents for a
larger currency insist that the
plank in the Democratic plat
form shall be given practical
effect Representative Livingston of
Georgia said to-day that he was in
favor of keeping this and every other
pledge given to the people. The peo
ple, he added, were now studying pol
itics, and the party that did not keep
its pledges would b ; left behind at the
A Ktuaas FhIi- Appropriation Sure. "
Wichita, Kan Dec. 6. W. II. Smith,
secretary to thp board cf managers of
the Kansas wo Id's fair association,
has many lettr from newly elected
members of the legislature in
response 10 a direct query as
to how each tnomberof the two houses
stood on the matter of a state appro
priation for world's fair purposes.
Governor-elect Lewelling has also , re
ceived letteTs from twenty-two
senators elect and fifty-six members
elect of the lower house, all but two
of whom have expressed themselves
as ready to support the proposed ap
propriation. A Leavenworth Pioneer at Beat.
Leavenwoeth, Kan., Dec. 5.
Dr. Samuel Few, one of Leaven
worth's pioneers, died this morning at
the age of 71 years, flo was born in
Woodstock, Va., settled here in 1854
and was one of the original incorpor
ators of Leavenworth city. H'e had
been city physician the past twelve
A Temperance Editor Dead.
Chicago, Dec. 5. A dispatch was re
ceived to-day from Tokio, Japan, an
nouncing the death, on last Thursday,
of Miss Mary Allen West, senior editor
of the Union Signal, the organ of the
W. a T. D.
An Kxtra Session Likely.
New Yokk. Dec. 5. A mong well in
formed Democrats the impression ex
ists that President-elect Cleveland has
practically made up his mind that an
extra session of congress will be nec
essary. NEWS IN BRIEF.
Joe McGrecror, an
Waynesville, Ma, has
Cardinal Gibbons has written a let
ter favoring the Sunday opening of
the world's fair.
A man at Springfield, O . surrendered
to the police, claiming he had killed
five people in 25 years.
The miners' convention at El Paso
next week will be the largest gather
ing of the kind ever held in the West.
By the accidental disjharce of a
shotgun Charles Anderson of Dover,
Ok., instantly killed his 10-year-old
Near Ealeiffh, N. C. a nesrro robber
shot and killed one aged lady, mortal
ly wounded a sister and robbed the
Thomns Henersav Hovd. editor of
the Olympic, at Olvmnia. Wash., waa
shot by his wife in a saloon after a
Jack Howland Dead.
Omaiia. Dec. 6. Jack Howland,
worthless sort of a fellow, who eked
out an existence by doing odd jobs
about saloons, was found dead in
shanty on the alley between Fifteenth
and Sixteenth and Webster and Burt
streets. John Mack, a character
similar to himself, was his roommate
and the shanty has been occupied
jointly by the two men for some time
It contained one room and one bed. and
when Howland's bod? was found yes
terday morning he was sitting on the
floor with his hsad leaning against the
bed. About noon Sergeants Hayes and
Graves were informed that a man had
been seen dragging Howland's body
into the shanty enrly yesterday morn
lug, They set out to Investigate and
as a result John Mack . Is' in the oity
jail awaiting the preferment of the
charge of murder. The offloeri rOund
Mack In a saloon at Twenty-fourth
and Cuming streets ant considerably
the worso for liquor. The bartender
said Mack had been there since 8
o'clock. He seoluded himself in a
dark corner and did not seem anxious
to be interviewed by tho officers. It
was from his own story that the offi
cers concluded that be might be the
murderer of bis partner.
Jye Hnoflred Dollar Lfe,
- Omaha, Dec. 6. A quiet investiga
tion by interested parties develops the
fact that Clara Allen, who swore she
saw Charles Hayes shoot Mayor Mil
ler, has fled from the, probablo conse
quences of perjury. She left the court
room Saturday, telling her friends she
was going to visit her old home in
Jowa, and . has not been seen since.
Deputy Sheriff Thompson, who has
tmiAPd ni hi,.' lover, went to the Bouse
where the Allen froma iaien BtBIV
ing and toid net- landlady ucr baffffnf 9
would be called for today, but tip to a
lato hour tonight no one has called tot
it. Several of Allen's associates in the
burnt district eay she told she was to
get $500 for swearing she saw Hayes
kill Miller, and that she offered at
least two others like sums if they
would join her in her perjury. Lew
Scott, who keeps the house where
Allen was staying at tho time of the
murder, saji thi??! wttftMf was at
breakfast in the basement at' the time
she said she saw the shooting.
On Bogus Notes.
Sciicyler, Neb., Dec. S.-'-Thesher
in oi umax county iook zrs a very
peuitent man with hiui lal nigbl, to-
wit, F. W. Duvorak of Schuyler. The
yOUrig man is quite a politician and is
very well known in Colfax county. He
was charged with having swindled a
number of his friends on bogus notes
Duvorak came to this city some weeks
ago and after a little detective work he
was located at 23 West Madison street.
where be gave up without a struggle.
The young man has a wife living in
Schuyler. There are five separate
charges against him.
A Family Row.
Grand Island, Dec. 6. Mrs. R. E.
Hudson of Snohomish, Wash., has
been visiting her brother and mother
in this city for some weeks. Saturday
night a family row took place, during
which her brother ordered her out of
the bouse. She then swallowed an
ounce of arsenio which she had been
using for her complexion, walked to the
Jamison house, a distance of over half
a mile, went to bed and informed the
management of her situation. Physi
cians wore called, applied a stomach
pump, administered an antidote and
the woman is now out of danger. Her
husband lives in Washington.
Saved Her Daughter.
Arapahoe, Neb., Dec. 6. The
five-year-old daughter of William Pax
ton of this city, while playing with
otber children around a pile of burn
ing rubbish, got so near the blaze
that her clothes caught fire, which
burned her severely about the hips and
back before it was extinguished. Her
mother's hands were badly burned In
the attempt to save her child, who in
a few moments more woukl have been
burned beyond recovery.
Abont January 4.
Hastings, Neb., Dec. 6. Cards
have been issued announcing the
wedding of Mr. Abe Hirsh of Quincy,
111., to Miss Rosa Weinberg, the ac
complished daughter ofM. Weinburg
of this city. The wedding occurs
January 4, at the Bostwick hotel, and
will bo followed by a grand banquet
and reception. Over 500 invitations
have been issued. It promises to be
the most elaborate event of the season.
President Ileidt of the lfeidt lum.
ber company of Birmingham, Ala., was
found dead in his otfice: a bullet
through his head and a pistol by his
side. It is not known, whether it was
suicide or an accident.
New Yokk. Dec. 4. Men distiiv
guished in financial centers and pow
ers in the railroad world gathered at
the late residence oi th master of
them all, this afternoon at 4 o'clock,
to do honor to the great financier and
magnate. The rooms were too wall
to contain the gathering and many of
the later arrivals were unable to evea
listen to t remonies.
The hou. .v as undraped aad only
the parlors .n the center of which,
tho coffin reposed gave evidence ot
mourning. In these were some of tha
magnificent palms in which the de
ceased took great pride and there were)
also many most beautiful plants. Out
side of this there was no display of any
kind. The casket was of plain oak
covered with black broadcloth and,
was severe in its simplicity.
The family mourners were Mr. and
Mrs. George J. Gould, Mr. and Mrs.
Edwin Gould, Miss Helen M. Gould,
Mr. Howard Uould, Miss Annie Gould,
Frank Gould, the children and Abra
ham Gould, the brother, and Mrs.
Malen and Mrs. Harris, Bisters
who live near Philadelphia. Many
prominent railroad men of the Gould
system of the West, including S. 1L H.
Clark, president of the Union Pacific,
railroad, were present at the funeraL
Every effort was made to carry out
the wishes of Mr. Gould that the fu
neral would be plain and unostenta
tious in every way.
The services began at 4 o'clock. The
family and intimate friends of the
deceased financier were in, the front
parlor and the adjoining dinning
room. The music was at the foot of
the stairway. The Kev. Johq B. Pax
ton, the pastor of the West Presby
terian church, was the officiating
clergyman. The pFOgFsmmt was a
follows: ; ,--.r... li;
JkPjft,B; anthem. "Blessed Are the
Diia.ii uo Die in the lord."
2 Invocation by tho R;v. Dr. Roderick
Terry of the South Reformed church.
8. The reading of a portion of the EpUco-
Sal service for the dead, including the
4. Cardinal Newman's hymn, "Lead
6. Conclusion of the burial sarvloo with
the reading of ihe nfteonth chapter of the
6. Praver by Chancellor McCracken,
7. "Nearer My God to Tbee." , ,
8. Benediction by Dr. Paxton.
After the funeral srWs t rjj?m- .
r Derf of the family tdolf their lust loon
at the feature of the deaa nsanw1 -
To-morrow morning the body ' mil
be taken to Woodlawa cemetery: and
placed in the family vault beside that
of his wife, whose death he never
ceased to mourn.
the Graven Appeal Arcaed.
Denver, Col.; Dec 6 The Decem
ber term of the supreme court con
vened at noon to-day with L. M. God- -dard,
the new jndge, as chief justice.
The case of Dr. Graves, tho famous
poisoner, now nnder sentence of death,
came up for argument at 2 o'clock this
afternoon on the motion for an appeal
to the supreme court.
eii raro Vlu an Impoit tot Cut.
Washington, Dec 6. The United
States supreme court to-day affirmed
the judgment of the circuit court in
the Chicago lake front cases. The
lower court decided in favor of the
local authorities and held the Illinois
Central did not have a right to use the
submerged lands along the lake front
for wharves and piers. ,
Missouri Pacific Employe Mourn.
Atchison, Kan., Dec 6. The Mis
souri Pacific employes here held serr
lies this afternoon in memory of the
late Jay Gould. Several addresses
were made and appropriate resolutions
adopted. The headquarters of the
company here are draped In mourning.
A Llszle Borden Reporter Dead.
Hamilton, O., Dec. 6 Eenry
Trickey, the Boston reporter, who
wrote the sensational story about the
Lizzie Borden murder case and was
under indictment, was killed in at
tempting to catch a moving train at
the Grand Trunk station here yester
day. . '
Osborne Still Holds the Fort.
Cheyenne, Wyo., Dec. 6 Governor
elect Osborne is spending day and
night in the executive rooms, a bed
having been put in through the win
dow by which he entered.
A Millionaire Coal Slan Dead.
Pittsburg, Pa., Dec 6. Joseph
Walton, the millionaire coal operator,
died suddenly of appolexy at 10:45
this morning at his home in Alleghe-
any, tie was 7 ') years oi age
Senator Clbson Very Low.
Hot Springs, Ark., Dec. 6. Senator
Gibson of Louisiana is barely alive.
and that is all that can be said of his
condition. The doctors think he can
not possibly live another day.
Embezzler Kerr Reaches New York.
New York, Dec 6. Kerr, the Kan
sas City defaulter, is on board the
steamer Aurania, which arrived this
morning from Liverpool Ho is in
charge of a Chicago dete.tive.
. rrison Officer Will Not Strike,
Leavenworth, Kan., Dec 6. Offi
cers at the state penitentiary deny
most positively that they propose to
walk out in a body whenever Warden
A Leavenworth Candidate for Marshal.
Leavenworth, Kan., Dec 1. Under
Sheriff Chauncey Flora is a candidate
for United States marshal nnder the
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