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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1891)
THE FAKMERS' ALLIANCE, LINCOLN, XEBM SATURDAY, APR. 18, 1691.
The Farmers' Alliance,
rCBUSHED WtlAXT AT
CORNER 11TH AND M STREETS,
ENLARGED AND IMPROVED.
J. BURROWS, Editor.
J. M. THOMPSON. Business Ma'gr.
Wil frret our reader thia week with Tn
9J ALU AC enlarged to nearly double tu
Piocbjct ' W Intend to add to its value
editorially much w bare to lu tte.
Wt too to be able further to eolarreit to a
aevea column quarto, and will Jo km soon
a our patronage JurtifSrt ;t,
The Alliance one year and
Looking Backward post paid.... $1 50
Ditto and Labor and Capital by
Kellogg 1 0
Ditto and Cicsar's Column 1 60
Our Republican Mon
archy by Vcnler Voldo... 140
The above books for ale at this office
Ditto and Cushlng's Manuel pa-
1 per covers 1 80
Cloth covera 1 &0
tft aent post paid as followi;
Looking Backward ..50cts.
Caesar's Column 50cts.
Labor and Capital 20cU.
Our Republican Monarchy ..... 23ctt.
Cushing's Manuel, paper covera. ,25cts.
cloth " ...50cts.
Alliance It s. Co Lincoln Neb.
The Heart-Song of Humanity.
Fob Thb Farmihs' Alliani .
The bird may siug, the south winds
The rosea bloom where once was snow;
The silv'ry rill leap down the vales
Where aoft dews weep aud moonlight
Tho' every joy may call to me.
My heart-song be "Humanity."
I saw to-day the budding spring
Where willow tassels sway and swing,
Where older trees give drip and flow
To all the eager bees below;
And wild peas lift their feathery s'tems
That soon shall wear such ruby gems,
While Nature brings her beauty hand
And turns to beauty all the land.
Yet voices sing in minor key
The heart-song of humanity.
The prairie hills are green again,
The azure mist Is o'er the glen;
Tho prairie chickens wake the morn
When farmers plow long rows for corn.
In groves of ours are hurrying quails
Whose whistled cry the rain bewails,
Tet every wordless psalm or song
Comes like a wall of human wrong
A note that sings to you and me
The heart song of humanity,
Mart Baibd Fikch.
Clearwater, Neb , April ti, 101.
The Gage County Mutual Insurance
Odell, Neb., April 1, 1801.
Editor Axuakce: Of late I have fre
qently seen several articles relative to
mutual insurance. As we have such an
organization In this (Gage) county, I
thought I would let the brethren know
something of its workings. We organ
ised as an association (and not as a
company) May 25, 18-9. .We now have
13S policies issued. Total amount of
insurance at date, 124,70, with 14,000
cancelled policies besides. We have no
atate law to comply with, thereby sav
ing the fees that ordinary mutual com
panies are compelled to pay. Farmers
are getting awake to this insurance bus
iness and the majority in this section,
vill in a few years belong to this asso
ciation. Any brother, anywhere, wishing to
see our constitution au.'JjyJaw s, 1 will
gladly send them to any address, upon
receipt of a postage stamp. Yours for
reform, T. P.'Teaoakden, Sec'y.
A Plea from a Lady. .
Driftwood Precinct, McCook, Neb.,
April 2, 1891.
Emtor Alliance: There are a great
many of our people shouting the battle
cry of freedom, and it Is high time too
that they were shouting it in good earn
est, for the slavery that is closing In
around the laboring class of people in
the United States is worse than African
slavery ever was. You who fought and
bled to free the black slaves, what are
y going to do to help the whiteslaves?
What are you gomg to do, my brothers?
Stand still, and take stock?
We may meet every week and discuss
the situation thoroughly, hut unless the
Alliance people work together for the
ascendency over the old parties, there
will be no good done. United we stand,
let it be united to down monopolies,
trusts and combioes. united to save our
children from the yoke of bondage. The
farmers and laborers are the strong
holds of this nation, and when enough
of them speak at once they will be
heard. Yours for freedom.
Jclia A. . Hakkis.
Answer to "Uncle Jake."
8th. Paternalism. There U danger of
being misunderstood here. Many, I
fear, will so regard these articles. There
is no paternalism beyond ihe Divine
boundary. That much Is always safe.
Then how much Is there of that? Just
thls-thogift of my Udng-tnyself to
myself. Then air, light, water, land
and seed. The tool I mint find or
make, and the work I nn;t do. for: "In
the sweat of thy face ihou shall eat
bread all the day of thy life." Put the
gift and the work together, aud you
have the exact boundary of paternalism
kud Individualism. Here toiu may
tLlbk Utilf the world will fall mti be
rotns paupers. Not a word of It, for
"If any men will t,ot work, neither shall
he tat." That etlU l. Give him hi
fall ibum et tb Father' mercy and hit
Ut saeuMi U goo. A tramp,' beggar,
Ik thief, ft sluggard and ah ( n-re are
left without etruee. it it r4ci U
mmteri;. If then he will sum, lU
world It better off without ths mature.
Horn may fear for young iuk Just rom
tt Uslr maj rlty. Nrr tear aUat
it. There will even be a greater de
mand for labor than there is now. He
can work as long as be wishes to before
claiming his homestead. Others will
say that w ought .to buyout these
rested rights. Not in land. The vested
rights expire by limitation, and that
means no national debt, and that means
no tax on labor to pay interest. I in
cline to think we would have to pay a
fair price for some railroad, telegraphs,
etc. Otherswere paid for long since.
7th. Enterprise. Some will be
alarmed for fear it will kill all enter
prise, and a nation without enterprise
would be nothing in the Nineteenth
century. Let ns see about this. There
Is the broad ocean, rivers of water, com
merce, the yet unknown in science and
mechanical art, the right to acquire
deed in fee simple in all incorporated
towns and cities and raise brick blocks
to his heart's content, the whole rail
road field to be occupied, and, finally,
the priv ilege of building and improving
bis home to any extent he might choose.
He might build a home and barn of
marble if he wished to do it. How will
that do for a field for enterprise? Not
much would enterprise be limited or
injured. Every probability looks the
other way. Hundreds of thousands of
men who now add nothing to the gen
eral wealth in a year would at once be
transformed into valuable producers
and consumers as well.
Fear it! Nay rather bail the auspicious
day and proclaim a jubilee to all the in
habitants of the land.
th. The mines. I am all tho time
aware that 1 do not liuii.li up these di
visions, but then I cannot and must not
exteud. The mines are needed for the
whole )eopie. They can be reserved
and neither sold nor pass In any form
to personal ownership. Civil engineers
and coinjieient agents or ofllcers can
superintend them, be held accountable
for the manner in which they are oper
ate.d, prevent waste and destruction,
aud the miner paid for the risk he takes
in securing their treasures. Perhaps,
pensions to wives aud children in case
of death from injury iu operating them.
A share of results might be given the
miner instead of wages.
(iold aud silver might be reserved as
a money metal, coal, tin, iron, aud all
others sold as they are uow. An
nual statistics could ascertain very
nearly the amount likely to be needed,
and the output be arranged to meet it.
It is impossible to say how much, if any,
these articles could be thus cheapened
to the consumer. It is uot at all likely
that the cost need 4e increased in any
thing, and in many things it is reason
able to expect reduction. But monop
oly would surely come to in end in ail
mining. The people, aud the whole peo
ple, would be secured against that. At
mines are uot universal like land and
Water, safety to the whole people would
lake it necessary to reserve them, and
ever sell them. Leases might do. But
i men of all this ground could only be
1 roperly determined and averaged
t irough experience. We know the
1 ivseut arrangement Is oppressive.
0th. Etrhange. This is the last item
I shall touch now. AH writers see that
i crease of population increases coin pi i
iticn in exchange. If the human race
insisted of ten tamilies and no more,
e question would be easily disposed
. But with 1,010,000,000 of souls it
rows to a mountain. Time and exper-
nce may snow the necessity for exact
nual returns trom all producers prop-
Iv sworu to. giving bushels, bounds.
irds, etc., in each ami every kind of
oduction. Government reports of ue-
ind to meet the market aud the sup-
on hand to meet it, may became a
uessity. Possibly a license in form of
proclamation may have to nx a tor-
eentage allowed to be sold In a given
year. The Increase of production by
Improved methods may compel some
thing of the kind, but if It does come to
that it will be new and take time and
experience to perfect it. Certain it is
thjtt a small manufacturer of shoes,
najls, cotton cloths, woolen cloths, etc.,
mdst be protected from his big brother
who cau till the market of the world
from his one stock on hand. Whether
agriculture will need anything of the
kuid is uncertain, but it is least likely
of all things to need it. It is only now
forthe first time in six thousand years
that men have thought of such a thing.
But they must think of it now, and pre
pare to meet it, too. Conditions are
already revolutionized, and this must
be met by new adjustments to meet the
new relations, or the change will de
stroy us. That much we cau see now.
And we can also see that every new dis
covery and valuable invention only in
creases the wealth of the rich, and the
poverty of tho poor. The thing grows
worse each year. Already drastic meas
ures have become a necessity. If Ly
curgus, Solon and Washington were to
come out of their graves the world
would need all of them, and then not
have enough such men. But we have
(iod and nature to go to, and the great
dead bad no more. We see how starva
tion may be stopped. Ten acres of good
land can feed a family, and insure a
home. Hunger is the lirst great dauger,
then nakedness aud cold. This danger
must be lirst met. Busing the constitu
tion there, we can fill out the details.
And now, "Uncle Jake" this is what I
would do with your multitude out of
work, and I verily believe if Jesus
Christ were here U speak, he would ap
prove my starting point, and perhaps
some of the details. J. M. Snyder,
Verdurotte, Neb., March 2. 1M.
DENOUNCING THE VETO.
Resolutions Passed by Hartwel) Alliance
The following resolutions were pass
ed by Hartwell Alliauce No. 1.171 at
their regular meeting held April 4th,
Whereas, Ja. K. Boyd thealleu gov
ernor of this state has forfeited all richt
to claim fellowship with the people of
mis suite naving trampicit on ttie will
of the lione and sinew of Nebraska by
hls veto of the Newberry bill, Therefore
AVWmA That the Farmers' Alliance
of Hartwell, Neb., renew their efforts
to overthrow the hydra headed monster
k now n as ine iH'ino Hcpublicaii is, in
line. Be It further
Ktsolttd, Thai we will not tupiHUt any
man for anr office In this coontv i,r
state who affiliate with ueh an accurs
ed crew as the above Jat. E. Boyd rep.
V. II. lieiU M. W, Gi km.,
Endorsing Me sirs. aht!p sad Stevens
11 41T1 1UK, Seb., April.
XttutrtJ. That lS WaltsvilL AVtmire
No. U;, la regular wt.niii, tndr to
Menr Ht help aud '.mcu ft veto of
taulk fi,r 'fie Hold and i.rmlo ;m.d
tHy t.ae uVo In Iwhal) c the ixHple
they are rrpreeeutlrg ih leila',ure.
4 H IV a i ix
J, i i A
Call at OrttweUt for Arid garden aud
trv sred, 1 W $, ihb N , lluculn.
President EUiatt and the Western Farm
Bill, Hitebeoek Co., Neb. April 2.
Emiok Alliasce: We desire to use
a limited portion of your valuable space
to call the attention of the Farmers of
Nebraska to some portion of an ad
dress delivered by President Elliott, of
Harvard college, on the floor of the
Merchants' Exchange of St. Louis, Mo.,
as reported by the Chicago Inter-(kean.
After some opening remarks Mr. Elliott
said: ! Lave been traveling in the
west five weeks, studying the social.
political, Unsocial and commercial
questions which Lave recently come up.
First of these is the currency question,"
said be. "It is not to much currency
as confidence that is wanted. Prosperi
ty is 'ounded on confidence, not more
or ! of the circulating medium, but
in the payment of interest and debts
Sucn a statement may lie clear to a
president of a college, but is totally at
variance with the mode of paying debts
in Nebraska. Our experieuee has been
and is now that it takes money to pay
debts; and we suggest to Bro. Elliott
that il he has invented some scheme to
pay debts without money, 'to get it
pateuted and come west aud sell county
riitht and get rich. We would say
further, that if Bro. Elliott can induce
the eastern holders of westeru mort
gages to accept confidence in lieu of
currency, we will pay all our Interest
in full before another week has passed.
Said he, "The prompt settlement of
debts creates confidence." True, but
how cau the thing be created without a
Again the professor says, "I have
been studying the (treat waves ol pub
lic opinion tiiat overwhelm the ballot
box in the west, and I liud that they
come from the farmer and laborer that
works with his hands. We of the east
are not subject to such sudden waves of
misinformed public opinion." We in
fer that he turned aud pointed toward
The Fa km Kits' Alliance at Lincoln,
for proof of the statement, and like his
predecessor said, "(iod, 1 thank Thee
that i am not as other men, especially
these ignorant sunburned toilers of the
Misinformed! Oil, yes; 'tis true!
These poor misinformed idiots have the
idea that they are American citizens,
and that they have the right to vote as
they think will best serve their inter
ests. Agiin he says, "If you cannot get a
paper to answer your purpose get a
leaflet or tract; but you must relieve
the minds of these westeru people of
their erroneous idea." Just so, broth
er professor. Fetch on your confidence
game so wecan pay oil our interest; and
if it works to the satisfaction of eastern
holders of mortgages by the game pro
cess, and the Farmers' Alliance aud the
Knights of Labor will unite and elect
you president of the Uuited States aud
should this be insullicieiit we will pro
claim you the greatest inventor and
genius of this or any other age.
A. II. Balleh.
' THE MONEY QUESTION.
Homst men wanted.
Editor Farmers' Alliance: Legis
lation on the money question and a rem
edy for hard times, is the greatest prob
lem of the present day. The greatest
inlanders and would-be advisers are
agitating the remedy for hard times by
telling us we must uot meddle with the
usury or the 3 per cent interest that has
robbed the people of the western states
more than all other monopolies com
bined. If it had not been tor the loan
sharks that have been allowed to rob
the people for the last twenty-five years
the farmers of this country could tide
drouth without asking aid.
A few years ago there was compara
tively few farms under mortgage. But
how k it to day? Nearly every farmer,
every school district, every county,
state and nation is groaning under the
burden of an enormous debt. Aud why,
I would ask, does this state of affairs
exist? The answer is simple and easy.
Because a few traitors to the best in
terests of our country have been allow
ed to manipulate the money of thecoun
try. George Washington the Father of
his country, with his little spartan band
half fed, half clothed, marked their path
by blood from their shoeless feet that
we might have liberty. Calhoun said
in referring to the slavery question:
"We have the wolf by the ears, but can
not hold on nor safely let him go." But
when the time come there was a Lin
coln come up out of the ranks of the
common people who had backbone
enough to proclaim to the world that
this nation could not exist half slave,
half free; so he issued his great Eman
cipation Proclamation, and the work
was done by the soldier aud sailor he
roes of the civil war, not by the mil
lionaires nor gold or silver larons, the
same class who have their hirelings in
the shape of newspaper editors all over
this land advising the common people
to not meddle with the great questions
of the day. But I say the great plain
people must take hold of these hard
times aud depressed condition of the
people The merchant and business
man prosper best when times are good.
The mechanic and laborer is better paid
when money is plenty. Therefore we
ask each aud every one of you to fall in
w ith us and help roll this wheel of re
form to success and all reap a golden
harvest. We want men men who have
nerve, and that have honesty of pur
pose, and that will uot lie intimidated
by the threats of loan agents, banks or
any other monoply that has ruined the
hopet aud blighted the prosperity id
this once five jn'ople. Shall we like the
common cur lick the hand that smites
us, and curl down at his Jeel in fenr?
I say no! Let utbo men Instead, and
come boldly to the front.
The (too.uoo railroad emplovet, the
mechanics, the merchant, the alsirern,
the women and the clergy are all on
our side of this ereat mowmelit. So let
u lay avhle all minor question and
unite on two or three of the main que
tiono, from Maine to Calilorula, Horn
Mimisou to Tea. Then bold monop.
ly will withdraw from the contest nheli
victory will come, A Kvaxs
Finnic Neb., April 10
F.DiruB ALLIANCE: I am -do wit from
Illinois a vUitlu' tome uv my trend
and they tell me so much ah ml the m ay
tlie republican U runolu lu ng, that it
make me want to lind tut whether
they be true r nut, I hey known you
away Us and know you wie ollwayt
owcit, and xi I wlM site y and Hid
ic.t. l,f v o'dwayt voled the republi
can tH Vet, bNtmw m daddy ature use
voted It, and )lln"M Ihlngt are bard
fortne to believV They do tell me
that them appftttitUnt that eoegieM
made the pie iWt to W Urd for
that, Aadthi'iu t a uioauiiiwnta wtiai
a put up to thrin S meit travel the
people mi taied Inlay llwm. Ami
toat con gi en bat bmit kaf of l.ilnuit.
Anin a man die. if he lives in !
rrtim! ami thenhTy'vote'hls women 1
a big pension and tax the people for
that, if that is tru I wish oil or us
lived in Washington. And yet they tell
me Congress dont waot to give the
poor dried up sufferers any thing inl
Kansas and ebra.ssa ana tncy tell
me the Rail Roads had men a peddelin i
passes just before election to all them !
what would vote for the republican I
party to keep In power.
Now I no vou are an Alliance man
but I caut trust the ornaha bee papers rence of Mr. Stebbins, who claims that
because they are Dimmest but i no you ; jt was entireiy insufficient as far as the
are onest and wil act the Gentlemen j ut treMlir, WM concerned. The re
andanser these questions in your pa- j u
per. And if they are tru I wil never ! Port utterly ignores any causes of corn
vote for the republican party again, al-1 plaint as to the management of the state
though I have voted for thirty years. treasury. We publish Mr. Stebbins'
szT'1 Thich t rr,
tbemthingsasldont me.idle in polo- j before the committee, but not included
ticks much. 1 vote when it comes time in the report:
and vote as ray daddy voted. I think Hising to a question of privilege, Mr.
women could as intelligent as me, fori-, .
they no more about it than i do. Just j steWj,rl ,ail- ...
put a little answer in your paper some i f ne report of the committee of invest-
place and I will see it, and oblige. ' igation into the condition of the execu-
Colov, Neb., Marsh 20, Wil.
Editor Alliance: In reply to teach
er, I say shake, happy to meet you.
Well we surely have got over being a
new country. Your picture is a fae ,
timile pen picture of the Nebraska
school house. Our school lands give a
large sum for education, our taxes are
high and most sections in debt. M hy? I
I say too many months school and too
little education; t-to, $-10 and HI per
month has been given to every, girl too
lazy to work so she went to teaching
(so called i then to dressing while her
mother labored till the fell at work and
the neighbors had to run to the rescue.
What future good is all this to the said
girl and what benefit to parents or the
state. Suppose we stop the 2 mile
tramps to the school hous" till a proper
house can be bui't and a Co 1 made ed
ucator in power, one who don't need ; o
study at night to understand human na
ture. Teachers are so plentiful that 0 to 10
are after one situation; 220 Teachers
for 10 school in Saunders county.
There are good teachers. Yes we have
had two in sixteen years. Money is no
object with parents who are for the best
interests o' the rising generation, lint
there must be something linaucially
amiss with a teacher who can't live and
make niouey at $10 to "0 per month.
No farinerorhborerget-iuore than ha'f
of aid sum for long hours ami h ml
tudy to meet demands. And I speak
of district schools where all the future
law makers are to come from (see sta
tistics of cities), it don't take much
learning to teach 9 li s. as of old and 1
dare any one to say that the general
pupil of Nebraska cau read, spell or
write with his mother who went a few
winter terms and a few trips to spell
ing school. Oh, how my heart bleeds
for the little Nebraskan as I go back to
tbe pretty school house on a whole acre
play ground dotted with trees, swings,
a well and other amuHenieuts. How
school began and closed by prayer and
song. All could read music and sing
which is a powerful aid to government.
You are right the superintendents are
to blame for most of said evils and there
real ignorance is remarkable. They go
arouud gatheiing up statistics which no
one cares to study. Why not mark all
ineflicient teachers and cut them back
or cancel their certificate a soon as
possible and so give the faithful educa
tors the benelit and save the youth of
our country from mental starvation.
Let u all agitate. Truth is alino. t dead
justice not at home. Learning is per
verted and used for base purposes so
what shall we all do to save the rising
generation. If every teacher felt the
responsibility as you do, God would help
them to bring in a better day.
Who Bought Taylor?
Whose 5,000 took the game? Was it
railroad boodle? Why was poor Taylor
bought? Why was one senator worth
13,000? Was it not because they lacked
one "cat" in the demo-rep-cal camp, to
defeat the "Iowa Freight Bill?" Citi
zens of Nebraska will we continue to
wonder why the railroads have been
able to defeat a reduction in freights
these many years? Did not a small dose
of extortion tie one independent Lieu
tenant Tom, and every "cat" in the
senate into a seventy-nine hour opposi
tion? Citizens, do we thoroughly under
stand that had uot the independents
forced "Tom" to take water, aud let
the constitution stand, we would have
had the present extortionate rates two
Is not this victory due entirely to the
seventy-niue hour honor of independ
ents? Will the "Supreme-Denio-Uep-What
is it" veto? Or will he read the "Hand
writing on the wall" "Death?"'
Are whipped eats (like dogs) always
full of explanations? Citizens, arc you
ready to !e stuffed? Or are you full of
Demo-rep-cats having lived, loved and
5rew fat in each others eubractt to
efeat your common enemy, how will
you shake off your loving ties, when an
other election day rolls around?
Fifty thousand citizens in Nebraska
demand satisfactory answers to the
above questions, honest republieausaud
democrats, each ready with a silver
dollar for an honest and satisfactory
1 therefore offer a reward of tf 10,000
for satisfactory replies.
The supreme court having attained
to too much greatness, for common
comprehension are hereby excluded
Resolutions of Antelope County Alliance.
On above date Anti'lone IVuutv Al
liance In convention assembled ad'outed
j the follow ing resolution.
j Heali.ing the opposition of all legit-j
j latioa of any great worth t the farmer
and lal-en r ol the state of Nebraska by I
tun demo republican loniUne IVe
desire to t hunk (he ludclidci)t im-iti-
liers 111 senate and house w ho kav e in
j the fat e of nil iiiqHisitioii stooil In in in
the pi liicitdoo; right and justice. Mid
c nihl not bit bought by raili :,.! or any
i other moiKollfl' ruiubliie. And fur.
J ther we ic. i nitie such principles highly
; exemplilied li ir rtretrntittlve II C'
j Bartholomew Mud W. A. I'uynU-r, eu
i Anu'irJ. that a copy of the I . . I u
! lions be eii o Iiik Fakmim Al.
i tiiM t for pollution.
J. hHLANi, Secretary,
RESOLUTION OK CONDOLENCE.
SptingCittk Alhsnct No, 1114
M iliar It hat pWl the AtlWUe
Huli'l ol thu I'ukvviwt to remove limit
our midst ike i el our setrvtary, G. I ,
AWi., That we rV.mi our sincere
YIMIwUlitu In l,rhrr )t!loua.in ami
j family la tult tticlr great ailiie itou, vid
irvi-gaUe the Baud id Hint who dovlhail
I Hoy MKANl 11,
hiiAH Baa all.,
Cva.miitrei a lUauluCeut.
HHITnT 1 CMII VP pCUflUT
H ill 1 LI I AMU AU IlLl Ull I
THE STATE TREASURY.
A committee consisting of Senators
Mattes and Kountz, and Representa-
tives Egglestoa, Schappel, Kohan and
stebbins, was appointed to investigate
,u . .,. ,.
the state executive departments, f ts
report was made without the concur-
which has been published by order ot
the senate, purports to have been agreed
to and signed by myself a a member
of that i-tmiuuittee. I desire to state
that I did cot sign that report nor agree
to the same in it present form, aud that
no person or persons have at anytime
been authorized by me to attach my
name to it. And 1 desire more partic-
ularly at this time to cau the attention
of tbis house to the following testi
mony of State Treasurer Hill, taken be
fore the committee:
'j. I want to ask about the condition
of the rchool fund. Here is a table that
shows 1H2. ooo.oO outstanding warrants
on page 10 of the auditor's report, I
want to ask you how you pay interest
on those warrants?
A. These are warrants that were pre
sented at the time when ttiere were no
i. But where did you pay the inter
est on them?
A. The interest is paid when they
are presented for payment.
(I. Here is eight ilollars out of the
warrant of I! or the issue of lirC?
A. Yes, sir: that warrant has not been
Here is (14.00 of 1807?
A. I think that is the same as in our
Q. These warrant are probably lost
aud never will be presented?
A. I presume they are lost.
J. Here are those of lSl or 184,
the.se you do not expect to be presented,
but you come down to 1 there is
$117,(OJ.OO and 10 221.0OO.0O?
A., I would line for the book-keeper
to explain that; he can do it more satis
factorily. Q. Then in regard to this permanent
school fund here, 122,;i-Jt) K5, when wai
this report made? There was that much
invested as I understand it? Not in
vested. A. Yes, at the time that that report
ti. Do vou keep that on deposit here
in the banks?
A. I have it in banks, that is the
larger part of It.
Q. Do the banks pay interest on it?
A. They are not supposed to pay in
terest. Q. In fact, do they pay interest?
A. I give a bond here for two million
dollars for the safe keeping of this fund
in my possession, and it is a question
that J decline to answer.
(2 la what banks is it deposited?
A. In good banks throughout the
state, aud banks approved by my
Q. Will you name those banks?
A. I presume 1 could name some of
the banks of course throughout the
Q. I would like to know what banks
it is deposited 'in?
A. It varies. Some days we draw
out of some banks and put in others.
Of course, I have to give two millions
of bonds, in fact, my bond represents
nearly three millions of good men and
1 am held responsible for all money
that comes into my hands.
. Then you refuse to give a list of
A. Under what resolution are you
Here Mr. Steb'jins reads the resolu
tion: Mr. Hill: This money is ready to be
paid on presentation of the proper
vouchers when presented, every cent of
it. I could not afford to keep tho mon
ey iu the vaults here becaus it would
not be here twenty-four hours. We
have no place to keep it and 1 give bonds
for its safe keeping, and it will be paid
out on presentation of vouchers.
Q. Then you refuse to tell in what
banks that school fund is deposited?
A. Yes, I do.
Q. What interest is the banks paying
for the use of it?
A. There is no such thing a interest
recognized ollicially iu my otlice.
(I. Dont they pay you "for the use of
it in some way, the banks?
A. I am responsible tor the amount
of money paid iu aud I pay out that
1 desire to state also that tho follow
l ig entry appears on the records of the
bJbrd of educational lands and funds:
Educational Boaid Record. Page 440.
October 20th, IMM).
Present: B. K. Cowdery, secretary
of state; Win. Lecse. attorney general;
Jno. Steen. commissioner of public
lands and buildings; J. E. Hill, state
The following resolution was adopted:
Hesolred, That the state treasurer be
and is hereby he is directed ami In
structed to pay out of the permanent
school fund the cash for all state war
rants presented for payment when a
levy has been made to, pay such war
rants. Note: The record here designated
as the educat'oiial board record is the
record of the board of educational lands
In reply to further questions relating
to this matter, treasurer Hill testified
By Mr. Siebbliu Mr. Hill, there is
sumelliliig I would like lo ask ou
about. This resolution vvat adopted
tlct, 2oth, l'.!: AV.W. that the state
treasurer U- and he hereby It direct
ed aud Instructed to pay out of
the permanent school fund the
cash fr all ttate warrants wheu a levy
has Ilmmi ninde to pay auch w rrul.
Now, have ymi paid i.td any ol th per
manent nehool fund A directed by that
A. No, I have not, that I lemeinber
I t You vou have- your hutriie
j tions In re, and wit pteeiit
I A, Yt't air. I am l' pritaeliled at btdlig
1 utMunii at that liuif but at Ihut ditle f
tint 1 r M at 1 ran prove-, sod I
ttvr knew therw was auch an i rder
until rci-enily fr I oriainlv would
have tool my' Uok kper and deputy
If I knew auch auotdrr had twxii made,
t hat U len or twelve days In-fore elee
lion, and I wat not hre, and I wet 10 t
ewaro tuch an ordr had Wen made.
t) thai y ur rrm for nm tuet
log Im utu warrant?
A. No. lilt tt, for tbo warrant
have la ( pre (eMail before I be board
and an order made by theiu tn purchase
l hi in. I never kiitw anything ait
tuch ft retvluliou until All. lewder?
told me about it a few days ago, and I
says, "Ben. 1 was not at that meeting ."
atd he says. "I think you were. ou
are reported present." and 1 sayt, "I
know better, for I wonld have remem
bered such a resolution as that." I
never did receive any official notice of
it, and if the board wished anything of
that kind 1 should have received some
notice of it it.
cBy Mr. Rohan: You claim that you
have not h&d any official notice of that
A. No, I haven't had any official
notice of it. With regard to what I
would do. The .'ward cf educational
lands and funds has tbe only authority
to make the purchase, and of course I
would hare to consult with them, and
I don't regard a warrant as security
within the meaning of the constitution.
Q. You don't regard a warrant a se
curity? A. No, I don't regard it as a bond, by
By Mr. Stebbins: But the supreme
court's decision in the 23th Nebraska
sayt it is.
A. I never saw that. How will you
get a state warrant from a man if he
has it in bis possession? If be bring
it to my otlice and wants to sell it, that
will be all right, but I cannot compel
him to bring it.
Q. But you do pay state warrants?
A. Yes. sir; when a man brings in a
warrant I pay it. a
Q. Can't you pay it out cf the school
A. I cannot tiansfer the school fund.
H. There are certain state warrants
that are brought in here and you stamp
them, "Not paid forwautof funds"?
A. Why, yes sir.
y And those go out and you don't
know w here they are?
A Those that are in the general
Q- In accordance with this order, in
stead of stamping them "Not paid for
want of funds-," could not you pay out
the permanent school fund on those
A. If a man brings a warrant in and
it could uot be paid for want of funds,
that must go before the board of edu
cational lauds and funds, if he wants to
sell it. I cannot take that warrant my
self, neither can the board make me do
t. Under the statute and under this
supreme court decision you can pay
him out of the permanent 'school fund?
A. I cannot. I don't care anything
about a general order as far as that is
concerned. I cannot pay it out of the
permanent school fund unless the war
rant is presented before the board. I
cannot do it as an individual; the board
has got to get together.
Q. But here is the board. It has
been together, and here is your order.
A. 1 ell the board cannot say they
cannot compel me to buy bonds they
cannot issue a warrant that the state
treasurer must buy all county bonds
presented; I cannot do it individually,
but tbe board of educational lands ami
funds mus' buy them.
I desire to have this explanation made
a part of the record.
r "oceedings of Dodge County Alliance.
The County Alliance met at 1 p. m. in
Lowrey & Markey's hall. Owing to a
misunderstanding as to date of holding
the meeting there was but eleven Al
liances represented. President Bixler
announced that under the new consti
tution the present delegates were to hold
over until after the June convention and
hereafter will be elected twice a year, in
.January and Juue. A committee of
three were appointed ou resolutions.
"WnEHEAS,The legislation of the state
of Nebraska has beeu ever since the or
ganization of the state in 1S07, one of
tame subservency to corporate power,
and especialy to railroad corporations,
Whereas, So far as heretofore evi
denced by their vote?, there has been no
material difference between republi
cans and democrats in the legislature in
their cordial support of what ever
measures railroad corperationt may
have desired for the furtherance of their
domination regardless of tbe rights and
best interests of the masses of the peo
ple of the state of Nebraska, and
Whereas, The present local rates for
freight transportation is exorbitant and
unjust, aud based up-jn receiving eai n
ings upon three times the actual capi
tal employed in constructing and main
ingthe roads and their working ma
Whereas, The present bill now be
fore the legislature known as the New
berry bill is in all essentials a copy of
the railroad law now in force in the
state ef Iowa, an which in tbe main has
been very satisfactory to both consum
ere and producers in that state, and
which after a careful study and iuveiti
f:ation in the present legislatureis be--ieved
to be just aud fair to the people
and the railroad corporations of the
state of Nebraska, and has received
the cordial endorsement of the inde
pendent party as represented by its
members in the present legislature, and
Whereas, The independent party is
the lirst and only party that has up to
this date given liny legislation for the
relief of the people from corporate
power: therefore be it
Rewired, By the County Alliance of
the County of Dodge in regular stssiou
assembled, that the thanks of this so
ciety are hereby tendered to the inde
pendent members of the legislature for
the noble work accomplished in the
passage of the bill, ami for their faithful
adherauce to pledges made prior to elec
tion. Resolred, That in the future we will
labor for the control of the corporate
power iu our state, to the end of ob
taining just and fair rates for transpor
tation of freight and passengers; for
lower prices for telegraph mid tele
phone service, ami for honest assess
ments for taxation of all corporate
Raotred. That copies of this preamble
; and reioliitious be furnished I met arm
i ms' AlLlANCK anil tlio Dodge County
J l.'tnler lor publication.
j Resolutions of Pohocct Alliance No. 68
: Wiiekka, the supivmn court of the
state ha unjustly and through a usnr
: pa'lon of its power deprived the people
, of their ehoh-e for the state olllcers, and
1 W in hi.as, By such usurpation it ha
allowed an alien to hold tbe aighe t of
lien In the t:it through lh must crlll
, cal r!od of the term In which l.w may
; d b at all j'it legislation, and
i Wnt.K:t li his gone Uvvml It
urudtctloii In astumlugtod ct4te toour
legislature- lnce that honorable body
, hi convened. Therefore I II
j AvWiW, Thai we are thoroughly con
j vlneed thai tim ;Meul aiiprrme court
i U a iinMutce to ihe bU-riy and pros
perity of I hi) people, and the tuoher tit
oicoiUs retire to private life the heller,
! AVMWr, Thai te rrmgnUe In J. II
Pow-i ami W. II I, h, leadvrt of
whH h any political party tnighl l pret
ty proud, and who ai worthy the high
tl ullice I4 ihe glt of the ptple.
ktuh'trt, 'Jhl w heavtily endorse
the act,, utt ol tmr reprt litai)vrt and
AVithW. Thai a copy 0! lhr r!ii
Hon be M-m tn the , .vn aim ink
r AKMI.lt' AllUVK for IntbtUativ ft.
C. II Mitwiil,
R, '. JiHISWX.
p, J. Cam,
The following resolutions were passed
by Pleasant Hill Alliance No. 13. c f
Jefferson county. Neb , at their regular
meeting held March SUt, 1M11.
Resolred. That we hereoy tender con
gratulations and best wishes to the
senators and representatives of this
state who have so nobly stood by the
people in the late struggle against the
railroads and monopoly.
Resolrtd, That we condemn the actios
of Taylor and Collins, and all others
that used their influence to obstruct
legislation, in the interest of corporate
Retired. That a copy of these resolu
tions be sent to the Liberator and The.
Farmers' Alliance for publication,,
and also spread on tbe books of this.
W. . Water.
K. of L. Principles.
The alarming development and ag
gressiveness cf the power of great capi
talists and corporations under the pres
ent industrial system will inevitably
lead to the pauperization and hopeless
degradation of the toiling masses. It is
imperative, if we desire to enjoy tho
full blessings of life, that unjust accu
mulation aud this power for evil of ag
gregated wealth shall be prevented.
This mueh-dcired object can be accom
plished only by the uuited efforts of
those who cbey the Divine injunction,
"In the sweat of thy face shalt thou
eat bread." Therefore we have formed
the Order of tbe Knights of Labor for
the purpose of organizing, educating
and directing the power of the indus
Itisnota political party, it is moref
for in it are crystalized sentiments and
measures for the benefit of the
whole people; but it should lie borne
in mind, when exercising the right of
suffrage, that most of the objects herein
set forth can only be obtained through
legislation, and that It is the duty, re
gardless of party, of all to assist in
nominating and supporting with thrir
votes sucti candidates as will sup-
tiort these measures. No otie shall,
lowever, be compelled to vote with the
Calling upon all who Iielieve in secur
ing "the greatest good to the greatest
number" to join and assist us, we de
clare to our world that our aims are:
I. To make industrial anil moral
worth, not wealth, the true standard of
individual aud l.atioual greatness.
II. To secure to the workers the
full enjoyment of the wealth they
create; sullicient leisure in w hich to de
velop their intellectual, moral and
social faculties; all of the benefits, rec
reations aud pleasures of association;
in a word, to enable them to share in
the gains aud honors of advancing civil
ization. Iu order to 6ecure these results we
demand at the hands of the law-making
power of the State aud Nation.
III. The establishment of Bureaus
of labor statistics, that we may arrive
at a correct kuowledge of the educa
tional, moral and financial condition of
the laboring masses.
IV. The land, including all the nat
ural sources of wealth, is the heritage
of all the people, and should not be
subject to speculative traffic. Occu
pancy and use should be the only title
to possession of land. The taxes upon
land should be levied upon its full value
for use, exclusive of improvements,
and should he sufficient to take for the
community all unearned increment.
V. The abrogation ef all laws that
do not bear equally upon capitalists aud
laborers, and the removal of unjust
technicalities, delays and discrimina
tions in the admivbtration of justice.
VI. The adoption of measures pro
viding for the health and safety of those
engaged in mining, manufacturing aud
building industries, and for indemnifi
cation to those engaged therein for in
juries received throughQiack of neces
sary safe guards.
VII. The recognition, by incorpor
ation, of trade unions, order. and
such other associations organized by
the workers to improve their condition
and tn protect their right.
VIII. The enactment of laws to
compel corporations to pay their em
ployes weekly, in lawful money, for the
labor of the preceding week, and giving
mechanics ami laborers a first lien upou
the product of their labor to the extent
of their full wages.
IX. The abolition of the contract
system ou national, state and municipal
X. The enactment of laws providing
for arbitration between employers aud
employed, and to enforce the decision
of the arbitrators.
XI. The prohibition by law of the
employment of children under lifteeu
years of age.
XII. lb prohibit the hiring out of
convict labor ja workshops, mines aud
XIII. That a graduated income tax
XIV. The establishment of a national
monetary system, in which a circulating
medium in necessary quantity shall Issue
directly to the people, without the in
tervention of banks; that all the na
tional issue shall be full legal ten
der in payment of all debts, public and
private; and that the government shall
not guarantee or recognize any private
banks or create any banking corpora
tions. XV. That interest bearing bouds,''
bills of credit or notes shall never lo
issued by the government; but that
when need arises, the emergency shall
be met by issue of legal-tender, non-in-terest
I waring niouey.
XVI. That the importation of foreign
labor under contract be prohibited.
XVII. That in connection with the
postoflice, the government shall organ
ize financial exchanges, safe dcusit
and facilities for deposits of saving of
the people in small sums.
XVHI, That the government shall
obtain ly jHiseion, by purchase, un
der the right of eminent domain, of all
teli graph, telephone and railroads;
and that hereafter 110 charter or license
Ih Issued to any corporation for con
struction or operation ol any means i f
transporting Intelligence, passenger or
And while niaklrg the foregoing de
nmiid upon the stain and uitlioiial gov
ernment, Mill endeavor to aioclai
our own latxir:
XIX, To MtablNh co nn'rntive Insti
lotion, such a will lend to np"rt'dt
the wage t 10, by Ihe Ihtrmhuthui 01
a -o.iNMtiVv Industrial svsteiii
NX 'Iu M'cuie lor Udli M'vr equal
pay for t iual woik-
XXt Tu shorten ih hour of UU r
by a general rtfusal lu work for uioi
than eight hour.
XX U. To g'in totiie of the benefit
of Ulmr tavlLg niacin nciy by Ihe re
duction ol the hour of tabtir l eight
XXIII. To prmuail employer to
agree lo arbitrate all itiitt rr whU-i
inay arise U imni them and llu lr eiu
- . , In tn U-r that Us-Wool ef iin-
iMiAf beiwei H tbeiu tur be strength
I ami ihst strike may he vui rwl
J, II MiMurtry, rl rMl t,ot
loan, iMrut and notary, fb Vfurtry
Mm , loin,tif Al:iaiss hi- li uitt
vvrbtr i4 tth ai m wi
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