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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1891)
THE FARMERS1 ALLIANCE. LINCOLN, NEB., SATURDAY, APR. 18, 1891.
DECLARATION OF Pl'BPOSEi.
Profoundly lmprewd that we. tie National
Farmers' Alliance, united by tie strong ties
of common interest. nhou.J ' forth our
declaration of intentions; we therefor re
To strive to secure the establishment of
right and justice to ourselves and our pos
terity. To labor for the education of the agricul
tural eleses in the science of economical ov
trnment in a tncily non-partitan spirit.
To endorse tbe motto, "la thin, essential,
unit y : in alt things, charity."
To aeeure purity of tbe election franchise,
to induce all voters to intelHs-eutly exercire
it lor tbe enactment and execution of laws
which (ball exprrs the jut and equal rights
of all clan ol citizens.
'I o develop a better state, mentally, morally,
aociallr ana financially.
To constantly strive to secure entire har
mony and e-ood will among all mankind aud
brnt&erly love anions: ourwlve.
To suppress personal, local, sectional aud
national prejudices, all unhealthy rivalry
and ail seidth ambition.
Article I. This organization shall be known
a the National Karint rs' Alliance, aud shall
have power to icake laws tor tnc general gov
ernuientot tbe Unite Alliances subordinate
to tbe National, and shall make all taws and
rules necestary for its own government.
Art. II. bee. 1. The National Alliance shall
faoid aa annual meeting in January or each
year, which meeting shall constitute tb? legis
hoc. 3. It shall be composed of Its officers,
twe delegates at large from each state or ter
ritory baviDg a state organization: and one
delegate for every nfty subordinate Alliances
or major traction thereof. In good stundlng
In each of the states ; and one delegate from
eacb Mlty Alliances lu the states having no
Art. III. Bed. Each annual meetingshall
elect the nafonal olbcers tor the ensuing
year, which ottlcers shall consist of a presi
dent, one vire-pretltlent from each state hav
ing astate alliance, secretary, tieasurer, lec
ture!, aud two assistant lecturers; and thise
shall constitute lliu national executive noin
uittee.of whom a majority snail beaiiuoruin,
and tbe president and secretary shall be pres
ident and secretary of the executive commit
Bee. S. Tbere shall be an auditing commit
tee, consisting of three uieuiiiers, elected by
each annual meeting to audit aud report
tiM)U all accounts.
Hue.:!. The election of olllccrs and the
adoption of changes in the constitution, shall
te by roil call ot the states. The delegates
present shall be entitled to cast tbe full vote
of their stale, a majority of the whole num
ber of votes cast being necessary for the elec
tion ol each officer.
Sec. 4. The national officers, or any one of
them, shall hold their othces until their sue
cessors are duly elected, qualified and in
stalled. Art. IV. Bee. I. The president shall pre
side at tbe annual or culled meetings of the
National Alliance aud at tne meeting of the
executive committee: se shall tie the keeper
of the secret work and shall deliver and ex
pound tbe same to tbe Alliances, and see that
it Is protected from exposure: shall sign all
charters aud shall have geHcral supervision
of all Alliance work.
bee. a. The vice presidents shall take pre
cedence In the order of the duly accredited
representation of their respective states, and
shall, In the absence of tbe president, per
form the duty of bis ollice,
Bee. a The secretary shall have charge of
all the clerical work of the Alliance aud ex
ecutive committee, and shall keep a correct
record of the annual meeting and tbe acts of
the executive committee, shall keep a correct
account of the receipt and expenditures,
shall receive and turn over to the treasurer
upon proper receipt ail tbo funds of the Al
liance, shall cause to be printed and distrib
uted tne national constitution and proceed
ings, and shall Issue aud sign all charters.
Bee. 4. The treasurer shall have charge of
the money of tbe National Alliance under
such conditions and regulations as may be
prescribed by theexeoutlve committee.
becfi. The lecturer shall have charge of
the organizing work, snail nave advisory su
pervision of state organizers or lecturers
elected or appointed by the respective Hate
allfanccs, and shall have full control f the
work of organization in states where state or
ganizations have not been perfected until
such time as tbe state orgiiul.atlon may be
perfected; be shall attend the annual meet
ings of eacb state, and shall have extended to
him by tbe state organization the lull privi
leges of a delegate, except the vote, and the
courUBy due the representative of tbe Na
tional Alliance, and he shall report all irregu
larities in the state organization to the na
tional executive committee.
Bee. 8. Tbe executive committee shall have
full charge of the executive work, shall tlx
the compensation of the secretary and lec
turer, shall require the secretary Rod treas
urer to give tultlciunt bonds, shall till all va
cancies occurring in the executive committee,
may remove any otlicer for Incompetency or
other Just cause, may delegate to the presi
dent, secretary and lecturer the executive
functions, shall allow all bills, shall make a
full report to the annual meeting of all tran
sactions of the executive committee or any
olticers of the National Alliance.
Art. 5. Sec. 1. No olheex or member of the
executive committee, except the secretary
and lecturer, shall receive compensation for
thelrservices, provided that the executive
committee may allow a perdlem to Itself or
any of its members for any special work re
quiring sacrifice of time, and the necessary
railroad and hotel expenses of the members
of theexeoutlve committeeahall be paid from
tne treasury of the National alliance.
bee. i. The execut ive committee shall meet
Immediately upon their election and qualifi
cation and arrange the work for the year.
They shall meet again In June, provided a
majority of the committee deem It advisable.
Nootber meetings of the full executive com
mittee shall be held unless called by the pres
ident and secretary to provide for unfore
Art. VI. Bee. 1. The secretary of each
state alllunce shall pav Into the treasury of
the National Alliance fifty cents for each sub
ordinate alliance in good standing in t lie
state, the same lobe paid In June each year,
and the supplementary dues Irom new organ
izations shall be paid by .anuary 1st follow
ing. Sec. 3. Where no state organization exists
the dues shall be titty cents for each mule
Sec. 8. Each slate alliance shall submit
through Its secretary to the annual meeting
of the National Alliance a full report of the
membership and condition of their state alli
ance. Art. VII. Pro rata representation shall be
based upon the proportionate dues paid, and
no state shall be entitled to the two delegates
at lurge unless fees have been paid for not
less than one pro rata delegate; provided this
niic shall not apply lu cases of states but r
Art. VIII. Sec. 1. Fees shall accompany
ail applications tor charters to the national
secretary from unorganized states.
Bee. 3 All charters for state alliances shall
be issued by the National Alliance to the
suites, signet by the niUlmiiil president and
Art. IX. Sec. 1. In states where no stute
uUitmce has been formed charter shall he
Issued from the National Alliance upon prop
er appliculion ol not less than seven practical
and operative tanners, their wives ami
daughters, accompanied by the nuniiul does
(in this case the initiation due of ally cental.
Bee, 3. After the organization of the alli
ance eligibility of im-iiilHirKhip may be ex
tended to such other classes of the rural pop
ii li. t ion whose interests o not clash with the
Varan -rs- Alliance, but who would be conge
nial and valuable additions to the local
Sec. U. r ue subordinate alliances lu any
county may organize aeounly aniiiiice.
Sect. In any slate containing seven
enmity alliance., or fifty subordinate al
liances, a state alliance may be organized
Ceo. 'Hie call lor Ihe meeting to organ
ize the state alliance .ball eiummic from the
national lecturer, and be .bail tlx the ratio or
Art. X, Bee. I. Tho stale alliance .hall
have power to make their own coiiMitutioti
and law, pro hliil not long therein shall be In
. millet with the tans ot the National Alli
ance. Bee. 3. Charters shsil be buued to the slate
alliance upon loroiat application of ts slate
secretary -eievl. slating the name of the stale
iirttcers. the alliances ri'pieeiite.. and ill no
lug that the membership of IB dale alliance
aad In lams sd.m'e I are In coiiloruutr with
le pro iMiis ol I lie coiistilution ol the
llunai A!lii. . ,
Art. XI. " I. iihorttnat AlU.n.e.
raarlerrd b im Nlionai A 'tunc shall n
ouirs el Ihcir member the following pledge!
, a - II do that I uli'ttud
ttl. ,.ji ami purpoa ol taw farmer.'
Aiu.me and I Ml I li.iti! approve ill Ihe
..iia. tlh.l i tt turned Ihe a;oaut' "' ir
S fiv lll, and iil lr.nu at n IWh, H
proper or pi.Mt.aw inir. nii'f i ny
ii.iklo hi i M.i I, up-.ii m a red huttor, l-i la
in ararlnr lu sxNtwpii.h lb' putp-w ol lh
SiUai ad t waiuiwiu obodoic am
'! to t'lllul .lie ltd II IH flil'll lo
i.i ilurm . lau swot id ml abllllf ! dull
aat maf b aofd a. a an n,tt of it.
..Liu In px.Mici r l'r i ilw prottdvd
t-r Ntoi ). aM lu i hi part
' ! wu.uiferii'l .t.m Midii iMtioii
1 1 III. ! Wurkoirf o ID.- ai.eaiMi .
th T 5MI ai sio i.mi IM if
U"HkV ht saoic pu d.v.
Art XII, ! p t'l annua! aua liti
shad Iw Sir-t si aispirity n". vl tas dc.t -a.ir.
prMvl, fchl U- 4 J"iei skau
I il h th uti f4imtiiiv.
Art XIII. tk's (MliltiUod nf l
w.ielaxl sKilnh.vl si uiiiiat b.ih Iii.
It S iwiaM il ttw 4c pfw.
A'l. XIV, aw. I I a pni at M
ttsf .! p eat pv( ' !' )'Mh
1 la Ik J'ii S ! Iiul.a n(
wiihi of if rt.ia.x.i A .mw is in
naatair wrf a4 il.i.x ift lixki
Muita HvWvtl rt'lr u( l'l ' ' Ska-I
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
HOW TO CET BETTER PAY FOR
Tba Returai for III llrain Work are tar
More Important Ihaa Any Other
Coa.lderation to Ihe lro
itraln Work On The Farm.
There are wveral faetors which en
ter into the material which the farmer
oilers to the world for which the re
munerations differ widely. First, there
Is the plant fond in hi product. That,
in the virgin soil, is the direct prod
uct of the forces if nature, and u not
very highly valued in the markets of
the world. This plant food is larpely
air and water, and mankind is not din
posed U pay much for what is no abun
dant everywhere. Small proportions
of this plant food are minerals, which
have some value in market, and nitro
gen, which, although one of the most
abundant ingredient of the air. I so
olusivo that tho forces of nature fail to
utilize it to a largo extent in product,
and that in the market command a
food price. It i very doubtful wheth
er the average farmer receive much
remuneration for the plant food ot
which hi product are compounded.
2. There i the capital the farmer
ha invented in hi farm, in .acquiring
the title from government, in clearing
hi land; in fencing it, in draining it,
in build'.ng nhelter for hi tock and
store-house for hi product; in stock
ing hi farm with live animal and
with the necessary implement and ma
chinery for it cultivation and for tho
transportation of it products to mar
ket. Now the farmer ought to receive
enough from tho prolit of the farm to
pay interest on theno investments and
deterioration through use and age. Are
farmers certain that they receivo what
they are entitled to here?
8. Then most of our farmers do a
great (leal of severe manual labor,
working mo.-e hours In the day than
almost any other class of laborer. Ko
far as this is mere manual labor, such
a hired laborers could perform, it is
rated at about the lowest rate paid to
any class of laborers in the country,
and it is to be feared that this is about
the only kind of labor that some of our
farmer have to offer in markets. Jt is
not surprising that such farmer find
themselves poorly paid and running be
hind in this age of tho world.
4. Another factor which farmers
put into their market products is brain
energy, and this is the most valuable
of all that the farmer ha to offer in
the market of the world. Thin energy
is expended in solocting and purchasing
a farm, in planning its division so as to
promote convenience, in fencing it
with the most economical material,
and to no greater extfmt than it is
necessary, in locating, planning and
erecting tho necessary buildings, in
stocking the farm with tho most useful
and profitable animals and the most
necessary implements and machinery,
in adopting and carrying out the best
rotation of crops for each individual
farm, in selecting the best varieties of
the different species of crops, in saving
and applying fertilizers, in the best
cultivation for the particular soil, in
planning and directing every day's
labor, in selecting and employing as
sistance, in converting the crude pro
ducts into tho most profitable forms
practicable, under existing circum
stances, and in placing all marketable
products upon the best markets at the
best timo. What a vast opportunity
for the profitable employment of brain
energy, the most valuable kind of
energy man possesses. Doe any one
doubt that the farmer who employes
tho most of this factor makes the most
money, achieves the greatest success?
This species of energy is just as im
portant in converting the crude pro
ducts of the soil into more valuable
forms ot use, before offering them in
tho markets, us in growing tho crops,
and in a future issue we will essay to
how how the farmer can increase his
income in that direction. The great
majority of our fanners are doing quite
enough, in fact, too much, mere physi
cal labor; they should xtudy how to
use more skilled educated labor, so
that they may receive more of the
remuneration which the world cheer
fully awards to such labor.
I. line for l'eler.v.
Those who have a heavy soil to deal
with, says Popular (iardeiiing. in
growing this crop will have no ditti
culty in obtaining robust plants. The
crop looks well until it is dug and
washed, when it is often damaged by
small black slugs. Many are the
plans recommended for the prevention
of this evil, coal ashes, etc., us well
as iihing quantities of soot in earthlng
up and tiNo enveloping each stick in
drain pipon. The Snipping the stems
with paper plan is suocosnful, but too
tedious. The failing which many
heavy soils as well as many old garden
which tire ilrc-.od with leaves and
litter, is exhau-dioii of calcareous mat
ter. The remedy for this W the fiv
u.i of lime, W'v have tried all anti
dotes, now I'i'Siirt to lime for the whole
of the celery crop. Ibist it ever the
ground, milking bo'li celery and ground
quite liitii a ila or i i o before buiik
llig, mid this we tin about three times
dining the season, or u day or two in
tulvittiee of the llral, second and final
eai'llilng II)". Since ne have adopted
this phut we Imve hail no tmsiet
alamt the i!iinl. as they linve alwti
coma out clean and fr' from dUliwure
llieiil. Nut only doe tho line' kill Hi"
vein. in, but it iiiiiuiivc the snil ill
i favor of future cropping.
Il.iw l lel auaAr-llrwt tufuruiaibiM.
I Anyone it of netting tlmivitjiii
Information teurding soy iir-bcl cu! -tutc
i iii iilitii'n it In u.lilri'.siht; lie
l'. 1 1. p irliuetit ot ,t'lcul!,i at
tthillj,''oll. I. I. Hut bulletin will
rvtlc tni ll lb.' t'liiiinuc ioinliii.ui
ftivot nbi lu tho yrottllt of tlii,r....
tho vai U'lie. xut fci lljler. roliiMiiii.
j picpaialloiv of the laiol, I oil i.' mimI
! all lliu delnU. ft cu'!. ire ti ntel In
i I'ludltljf ti l' ha' l e.l,.l J ud deil . el- (if
this s..rr.tMi (tl Uoi lai'li y. r.U
i nil ar 'uni of I'm ki of iu,'
iai 1-is-ij lu .i .. i. i,ir' of otte r
i COUIillt.'.. ilea Wtol ; t.l,tu.ll ktiu
j SoM.O ittf(d:nli and iMi'i liudt.ilt tit
I rvjTfc4 Iti Sh liiBiiol' ti,i' el mnr nl
it iinliirn to t of hiteie.' to a', for
: yf Ibis crop ;.) snuni ia'iet. ;J liifwr
Uiatlvft s.es I n lliu vVupaialUtf do
J o".(jUHiit of tin i . a'i'i tiisi
tlvliMll Um, Uihr ttU (!t colt.
ea ptlon l t?tt lu Uiu pi ludjuii
JWiJ.ljJ It J4V UIU, l. 4
' apodal table showing tbe oont!mptio
I in the l'niid Statai. Ther are wu-r-a!
ill ut ratiims prrsfntintf the various
implements best adapted to the fulture
of the aiiffar beet.
Fill the mind of the boys and girl
with knowledge about agriculture, and
the farm w ill not be deserted.
The fanner who combine with hi
own experience that of other will out
strip the farmer w ho relies exclusively
on hi own experience.
Sunshine, to a medium degree, t
very beneficial to poultry, but if they
are exposed too p-.uch and too long to
the hot sun, without Immediate shade,
they become diseased and die.
The hay and other material in hen'
nests should be changed at least once
a week. A soon a a setting hen
bring out her brood clean out the nest
carefully and burn all tho material.
A few pig can be kept and fattened
with very slight expense merely by
feeding them what would otherwise be
wasted, and giving them in addition
what one would feed to a large,
A New Hampshire paper, the Man
chester Union, suggest the propriety
of letting bigness of strawberries rest
until flavor come in sight of it. "If
size Is all that Is wanted, we can use
apple or pumpkins."
One-third kerosoim and two-third
old gtwaso, old grease and a small
quiirtity of carbolie acid, and strong
tobacco water are gooil remedies for
lice o. stock. If these pests exist in
quantity cattle can not tlirive.
The farmer lake not only cost btt
his living out of hi receipt before
ho begin to count the prolit. The
merchant counts a prolit the difference
between the buying Biid selling price,
less the cost of the transaction, and
then lives on his prolit.
Country Gentleman: Among tho
great multitude of named varieties of
plant offered for sale throughout the
country, most of them will in a very
few year drop Into tho gulf of utter
oblivion, leaving a small number, per
haps one in fifty or a hundred, worthy
American farmers when they were
all Independent land owner and work
er, grounded our nation on a sure
basis, and raised it to a prosperity that
made it a high example and lesson for
a graduul bettering of all other nations.
Hut now thousands of our farmers are
poor tenants. What will that lead to?
It is commonly claimed that the
sheep yields its owners two harvest
per year wool and lambs. An essay
ist, at a recent farmers' meeting prop
erly claimed three wool, lambs and
mutton. To keep up this supply, be
careful not to sell all the buck for
lambs, or there will soon be a poor va
riety of mutton.
Michigan Farmer: J. ii. llamsdell
applies the term "smothoratlon" to
tho lack of proper pruning and thining
of trees and grape vinos. He believes
in continuous pruning and thinning of
trees and grape vines. Ho believes In
continuous pruning and thinning of
superlltious branches and foliage, ad
mitting air and sunlight for perfect
The expenses of the farm and family
go on through the year. It i almost
impossible to mako profit unless there
is equal continuity in selling. There
may be and should be special crops
that furnish the bulk of money received
from the farm; but if this is drawn upon
by a continual drain not relieved by
any new supply, it will be drawn down
to nothing. For years southern farm
ers have depended wholly on their sales
of cotton, and though this is one of the
most profitable crops grown it has been
impossible for southern planters to keep
out of debt until they adopted the north
ern plan of growing a diversity of crops.
Iliuls for the Household.
Tho best thing to clean tinware is
common soda; rub on briskly with a
damp cloth, after which wipe dry.
Why should you bo ashamed to be
getting old? It, is a sign it is prima
facie evidence that you have behaved
tolerably well or you would not have
lived to this time.
Always scrape otl all old paper from
walls before hanging new; it, is not de
lightful labor, but preferable to the
illness that may result from successive
layers of mouldy paper.
If a woman was as careful in select
ing a husband to match her disposition
us she is in selecting a dress to match
her complexion there would be fewer
marriage troubles than there aie.
Western Rural: The more you think
of the ".science" of medicine the more
ridiculous the whole thing appears.
The less poisonous drugs you put into
your system the better you are off. and
what is true of yourself in this respect
is true of your animals.
White paint should bo cleaned with
whiting and water. llaril-tiiiished
walls may be washed with soil) suds
and then wiped with a soft dry cloth.
1'se cold ten for cleaning grained wood,
and remove the moisture with it piece
of llanitel. An old wool uiiileiA est is
excellent for w iping over th" graining.
Mis. Tennaiit, mother ol Mr. Stan
ley, sa,, s to au interviewer: - Jn
America in in I'.tigluiul. there n:s-tbotisiind-i
and thousands of sweet,
lovely, win thy girls who are fmli'.g
awa liecuuso there nr.. no husbands
for th in. This is really deplorable,
and a question of fur men' lmjnrtaucc,
In iiij mind, than the lalsir prohlmn."
Weslerii Uttrtil: If wall are l lie
whitewashed or katatiui'iii'i!. starch or
lilii" v nler slit red inl-i the lliue will
prevent it rut bins; Wh-'ii while.
M ushed ill! Itlo ! lie pu"'l'ed. W llsh
ihcitimei with ilnegnr. Fill holes
with thick lime Cover smoked ur.
face with gitln shelhie, ami a eo.it of
knUollitne or p.iliil will conceit! tin.
I'll) i'tMi ! order Isrcf for in
valids Hint e.uikcd veiy btt'e la
older 1 tt il loin of Iho loon islittH lit lit
lheilie.it limy la. dried tta). 1'iiri
l f ground In a not. huio. ..ilted to
lii'to, iii.iI" into cakes and broiled Jul
enough In lenit. -!!..f, .e nn,
It ii to whom the dm tor hit fi-iid id'a
v -get able. p iem la health p. ly
n't ): i
H)tuf'el l.tlio debiiilalid tai w
tU"C oi ttttiW'j cut pi, nu of ftxH,
HI li'uit H4 ttiOiHe, i')Mft.liilie
oiojj; drink lciiiotii. v, a id wiuti
titiU.oal'r filtigiud, h. jit U'forvi fc
tii h'k'. iti ibll ft i;' eof lutlin a hut tu
r.1 lo taken tit U. -i sip. Wa s!
re. !) , mn Wp in put tlr. If
few days ol Oils. Mil nl homo treat.
lti,'Hl (jiU t. t ttiif cp body n.
udiel ta their proper loton, i-si'l la jvvr
wWuf :i4 MW LU 4k.
THE HUMBUG OF PROVERB.
Assawlog to Is th K.weac of Wl.dom,
Thay An ortea I'awU.
A proverb ha been defined a the
wisdom of many and the wit of one.
Into many proverb are packed pithy
suggestion a to conduct and general
ized e.K-rience of mankind. They are
sarcastic, hortative, minatory, mirth
provoking, but they are not wiser than
the jieoplo that make them. Hence,
many of them, some of them most
widely current, are arrant humbugs.
If they were once true to experience,
under certain condition, they aro true
no longer. To say this 1 flat contra
diction of that well-known proverb,
Xolwdy 1 wiser than everybody."
but even that i one of the humbug.
It not infrequently happen that a
single man i wiser than hi whole
generation. Such men become first
the leadeisj, then the martyr, of their
age, but aro the saint and heroes of
the age that follow. A a flagrant In
stance of proverbial unwiadom and
humbug, take the distich that ha been
dinned into the ear of unnumbered
generation of children:
Karly to bed, and early to rise.
Make a man healthy, wealthy and wise.
This is li tei-se and witty generalization
of a pastoral community, where to get
on in the world it wa necessary to
work in the field from "sun up" to
"sun down." It ho no application
w hatever to town life. Tho wealthy
and wise mon of town aro men who
work late and rise- late; and as to
health, It 1 notorious that no part of our
population so suffer from all manner
of disease as farmer and their fam
ilies. Yet how many have been de
prived of their natural sleep by a
superstition, begot of this wretched
rhyme, thut early rising i conducive
to health. It is only in recent years
that pooplo have had the courago to
take tho sleep tnat nature demanded.
The man who did so a generation ago
was called "lazy" tho most intoler
able of all epithets. Franklin nover
aimed a proverb at him: "Men need
five hours' sleep, women six, children
and fool seven."
Nowadays, the man who takes less
than eight i a fool. Take some of the
maxim inculcating shrewd business
policy: "A penny saved is a penny
earned" has ruined many a man who
could not persuade himself to spend
money with judicious lavishness in en
larging hi business. The penny saved
was so large in his eye tiial it hid the
dollar lost by hi foolish economy.
"Out of debt, out of danger," and
"Better go to bed supperless than rise
in debt" are a precious pair that have
brought many to the poor house. Debt
is the only salvation of many a man.
Not debt recklessly Incurred by ex
travagant living beyond his moans,
but debt incurred In the purchase of a
home or tho establishing of a business.
Where would modern commercial af
fairs be but for credit. Hut credit
means debt; for if A trusts B, B must
owe A. Debt makes many a man
careful and saving, who would spend
all he gets if ho had no p.-essing
obligations to meet. So he is forced,
as it were in spite of himself, to pro-
ide for sickness and old age. New
Small articles made of malleable iron
are now finished and . polished bright
by being placed in revolving drums
with curriers shavings, from which
they emerge with all of tho rough
edges smoothed and the surface highly
The Lancet (London) relates a num
ber of unmistakable eases of eczema
produced from gathering leaves of the
Virginia creeper, Tho effect, rash,
heat and Irritation of the skin, i the
samo as that caused by ivy and dog
wood on some persons.
The blackened teeth of the Malays
and Siamese are not produced, as has
been supposed heretofore, by coating
them with a mixture of betel and lime,
but by rubbing the teeth with a paste
made from charred coeoanitt kernels.
This is carefully applied to tho teeth
again and again, until a black varnish
hides the natural white.
Dr. Joseph Leidy, who has roeently
examined some fossil remains from
Morehead phosphate beds from Reaco
Creek, Fla, . decides ono to be from a
Ilippotherium hitherto undescribed,
which ho names H. princeps. He con
chides that this animal must have been
fully as largo as the best specimens of
ear modern domestic, horses, to which
it is related. A number of species of
rhinoceros also existed there in those
days: tho remains of ono hitherto un
described were also found in the phos
When the Century lleliia.
How many people there are whose
ideas are misty as to the time when the
j century begins am! ends! The writer
! lias seen at least twice in reputable
! publications the statem-nt that Ceorge
I Bancroft, who was born in lHou, was
j born in the "first ) ear in the present
i century." A moment's consideration
j must convince ev'en a mind of more
than average stupidity that 1 MHO wa
, the last year of the last century, and
not the opening year of tho present
i one. The first century comprised 100
, tears, and did not end with the Jeur
; '.'.'; it wu not completed until the lust
1 moment of the last day of the year lis"!.
' The same blunder is likely to crop out
i again and again as the close of tho
present centum draw near, and one
j of Ihe most freiiieti( inquiries addres.
j ed to tjio omniscient editor by tho In
telligent i-oi'ivsiMuidoitt will la. a to
whether the twentieth century begin
wilb I'.ioii (: I;o.
frire tu Ml lh Ism,
1 r I I- hn i your Prlc)
f tr notir in a cn t tiu )iniiig Mun t.
Keep i.w i Ji .i'.i I iv PiviliLo A
U ll'l M "
For svit'utii:ai !ol.cilicuinU Ilka
Yicu it hiv four' iinll.ii line, rv a
lues) Mii'o Join itdi.
. . -,
j M stat a tu'lll
j ' r ou r . nick. Sidney"'
; as'setl the liitnUy 4'h-tor. iiimday. 1'r.
; Mrl'ftl they. I Ml pel feet!) II p tied hJ
' Jour k it, iiu'll yi .I nn, I i t.
I J'lioe Itmt )o. toilet tiial Iv's Hldrd),"
,wtho reply,-Kit'-D lieli's WttU
j ! . .1 ,..
j twuMtt'i lt I t pas ledj,
f tht liil fSv vaf tacbt, , a
j Ann ib ylrl Ii4 itiarr.! t'tiua
; inwa, ami it U n .n. i!n In only rtvn
' ! th.) l,!i ltl tUail
band ley viid iuvu'.U, ,
i. : '
- - -
Can and see me, visitors welcome. 4:tf
' ".i. mn
Every bottle warranted to Dehorn Ono
Hundred calves three weeks old or un
der without injury to the calves.
Agents' Wanted lu every county
SINGLE BOTTEL SENT PRE-PAID
on receipt of price where there Is no
agent. HATCH BROS..
40-3iu Gordon. Neb.
State agents for Kansas, Nebraska
It Will Prevent Hog Cholera.
Western Stock Food
Is th frestest dlscorery of th ags for .
Horses, Cattle, Sheep. Hogs and Poultry.
It Is s natural retnedT and prsrentatlrs ol
11 diseases of tbe blood sod dlKestlve oraans,
It acts freely on the liver and kidneys; tends
to tone up the whole atilmnl system aud Is a
sure preventative of Hog cholera. 1 lb., llb
and 51b. boxes at 2So, 60o. and $1.00 respec
tively. Mauufaotured only by
WI8TEBN 8T00K FOOD COMPANT,
We will furnish modlcTjie to cure One Herd
of blck Hoirs In each Township in the U. 8.
free. Give express ofllce and numhrrof hogs
THE HALL MKDIOINK CO.
4w21. 109 Nurtb 12th Set, 8. LOUIS, MO
The Iowa SUam Tssd
The most praotlcal, most
convenient, most soouomi
cal, and in everyway the
BK8T STEAM FK BD COOK
EU MADE. A glance at
the construction of It is
enouirh to oonvlnoe any
man that It Is far superior
to any other. For descrip
tive circulars and prices apply to Mahtih
Steam Feed Cmokek Co., Omaha, Neb. Atf
J. M. ROBINSON
KENESAW, ADAMS CO., NEB.
Breeder and shln-
fer of recorded Po
and China botrs.
Choice breed! nf
stock for sale.
Write for wants.
One Short norn Dull and one Holsteln Bull,
both rt'irlstered. A few choice
Will sell cheap. Call on or address,
S. W. PERRIN,
Colleire Farm, - - ' Lincoln. Neb.
Stock the Very Best.
Price rcasonal'lc. Addrewt,
Mil. W. A. PoVNTf.K,
!17-7t Albion. Nelirn.k'
lURE BRED POULTRY.
I Whltf Plymouth Kiak II. each: Ton lose
ii'i'iM. f I. er .ir; aiso esas In aoll
from White ti.llin-. i'fkill liucks St I. mt
II earefiillr pai kcti
Miw W. A. II A I l:M Jr., i remonl. Melt.
EGGS FOR BEEEDINQ.
Slntileeninb, While Lechorn't sirs t'l forfl Iti
" llmwn ' " " " J
Marrc I Plymouth tim s. " " I W
I', kin Duik ' " " I W
Mamiuoih limns Turkey's " " t W
h poll. si liiiiiira " II "fill
HMII II IIMim.. I.in.-o ll. arli.,
Ilreli-rs and tuu ol ilioroiishbrrd
pomiry 13 In
Greenwood Horse Co.,
m i.hi ii:
Th 1rl i.hm'.iliu llstkaef 'l I Hrl retut
iitti l'o. li hiafe. aay aa or hivcl si M.'h,
itir in ! Itihli t A M I' It II V,
n)Mt"l l' linwasimt tlul I Mill !
Ik M-tMii nl 11 al liiH.ln Kara in
t,teH,4 Xrlt, 1 M IIMUrv.
laTW ;in A--tTM .rs J - fei I
A ROBBER OR THIEF
Jones $60. 5 Ten Wagon Seals
. S lt-l"l le. ! -t"" ' SSI SM.IH,
I .M (r l . ,! t?ri. ( ' '
UMit Biai-jatH W.ictoa, I.!,
O. O. HEFNER,
SHIRE AND HACKNEY HORSES.
THE LARGEST IMPORTER IN THE WEST. ,
Stock Companies can Purchase Horses Absolutely
on their own time.
Every horn imported registered, and guaranteed a sure foal getter. I buy the b
and do not handle cull. Nor do I have a partner to sit in the corner and grin aud take
ball the prelita. I give my customers the benelit of small profits aud first cuts stock.
THE BEST CLASS BUYERS BUY FROM MY ESTABLISHMENT.
No horses peddled. . Dontrun a lottery, nor drop a nickel in the slot and see what
you get business. Horses of fine style, action, bone and pedigree for sale.
U. U. UbrlSfcK. Impoucr, wncoin, .neDrasics.
F. B. RIX
SHIRE, PERCHERON, CLYDESDALE AND COACH HORSES.
Suprrlnr horses, lona time, low Interest, moderate prices. No other Arm In America sella to
Stork com oa tile under the same wrtct system that we do, which insures to companies
square acaunir, auccessiui nrocucrs ana atniute micx-oss. we nave -at
prt'H'iit in uurstablus tbe winncrsof 101 prizes lu Europe and
Our record last fall at MlMourl State Pair, and
ral fair and Kansas Plate Fair was twenty-two
ond nrlwi and six swtettstakr.
CeT Write) fir Illustrated cMtatniriie.
F A 11 M A M l MTA III.K-Two miles east of Hlr"
F. D. RIX & CO., Propr's Imp1
Crete, Salina Co,, Nebra
Importer of EnglisINESS HOUSES.
I have as One a collection of this noted breed
all of them Imported by myself In person. Aa.
ants from the best strains of blood that Rnirlii
Tkhms kijii Al, TO ANV. Will sell half an Mimv ,u"' !!-!' "if ." Ti.
nrlx..a Hi 111 NMliraaka KIMtM ITuI ami I Imialm t
stock ilinwn. Come and seethem.
ai.su macumJi Py 'cash? If
Saddles, Nets, Bla
i33 so. eth in buy from us
ised with your
Last year we issued a circular that op- riTs1 rsraiL rrk-i-iis
before, Foryears the iuanufucturershat.il clllll liCL yUlll
with Manilla and Sisal, appropriating thi i T i
result of "Noginr Around" wan we learnt fl trial ailtl W6
once shared it with our patrons. In the
in our celebrated circular letter of May lti. 1-j -i-.lf.oerii Yan
This year there is a quarrel among the Jill UlCtloC? VUW
ready to take advantage of It. We learn J , 4
still further, a method of bleaching havin'lrsV .'if ... r
calculated to "deceive even the elect." lylJ ' "
be able to make all sorts of quotations, jrw-fi'iillwy'
Our frieuds as always can depend on uJ(l lUlly a
reached we will quote prices. q l - -r
Judgino; from information already obtal-f fc- r A I l lj
than last year. s axihUi
OOTTy u h
I II I IllllU
asskasft mm W iw rw
1413 3ST. 11C
icSZ I wf
ELKHART carriage and harness r.ro.
2 BO V, '.- I.'. -m ya
aia aaarr. mS sla .
i.fia. bi. iM-iiii
.U vl I4 ilU
JM fc la, w s
ONK PRICE ONLY
MO (K.1 M UXI
fhartM. a I III
t la Mm4 I n
1 11 I'u.M,
ksie iimi aiit.i.a ai )f t II sltrwt, tin iai4 si will p tl i t hsv4 U
v'.vu.m r l.in.i.a stiam. imr mm silt f AaHI if t
mm iitw l 'h.ilii hi, ai-l van utif ihvII aiixnltt.a l ih nam rt-t uiiia;tt.
us IS r . llitl t a' liiou wlt ntl vuluiilh Iw ,il.i sMirMi'
TH'S will ku.4 wt4 mI 'll lia la iariw. .. so suMwt wf
lj Sir. r 'il-si'j, A 'l ti.lt sls rt tilv (javwa, rA.
HIGHLAND STOCK FARM
& CO., PROPRIETORS.
IMPOBTERS AND BBEEDEB3 Of
prizes, fourtre sec
. ...... . . , ,.,. J,"
. , m. up..- r.c i . .
let on everrthlnir lu niyllne. First-class work
- vtim win i. mo. wATTEHMa-.
jn every description of valuables, Callo ml
cm any food, IMl liK D. Nrr
I. Ourstock Is replete witj everythln In Ike
Ices to suit the times. N, P. Cuhtis. Co.
i ht to buv Drv
r trade, we sen
at the same
- . &'-. COOPER,
' Aa-ents for the
1 PERKINS MILLS,
Pnuis of every descrip
tion fretn tbe old siyle
piunirer, wood and chain
. pumps ta the latest sin
trie and double actlna;
actiny force pumps.
Brass Lined and
At prices to suit Ihe pur
uou. Cor. Sib 41 St..
Lincoln, : : Neb.
IA. hi Ireiahl
H llf tMna m ,
Ml KU-1M t
a m4u. and stn
- I 1 .1 .
au lt M SUM,
i aw r
kV B PRATT ttrrvhm riVlllT. IL
iii n iiaiiiiriiuiiM""i"'
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