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About The farmers' alliance. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1889-1892 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 22, 1890)
LINCOLN, NEB., SATURDAY, NOV. 22, 1890.
. VI III
Notice to Subscribers.
AJ tb easiest and cheapest mean of notl-
Srlnjr subscribers of the date of their exnira
ons we will mark this notice with a blue or
ed pencil.oa the date at wbicb their subscrip
tion expires. We will send the paper two
weeke after expiratin. If not renewed by
taatthne it will be dibcontinued.
A FAIRY LAND TALC
A Beaatlfal Pietare of the ClltnmU af Saathera
Winter as wo understand it east of
the Rockies does not exisi. I scarcely
know how to divide the seasons.
There are at most, but threa. Spring'
may be said to begin with December
and end in April; summer, with May
(whose days, however, areoTten cooler
than those of January), and end with
September; while October an! Novem
ber are a mild autumn, whan nature
takes a partial ret, and the leaves of
the deciduous trees are gons. But
bo?7 shall we classify a climita in
which the strawberry (none yat in my
experience equal to the Eastera berry)
uiaybe eaten in every month of the
year, and ripe fijs may be pic eel from
July to March? What shall I say of
a frost (an aSfair of only an hour just'
before sunrise) which is hardly any
where ssvere enough to disturb the
delicate helitropa, and even in the
deepest valleys whare it in ty chill ths
orange, will respact the bio jm of that
fruit on contiguous grouid fifty or a
hundred feet higher? We boast about
many things in the United States,
about our blizzards and our cyclones,
our inundation and our areas of low
pressure, our hottest aud our coldest
places in the world, but what can we
say for this little corner which is
practically frostlois, and yet never
had a sunstroke, knows nothing of
thunder-storms and lightning, never
experienced a cyclone, which is 60
warm that the year round one is
tempted to live out-of-doors, and so
cold that wooleu garments are never
ancomfortable? Nature here, in this
protected :md petted area, has the
knack of being genial without being
enervating, of being stimulating with
out ''bracing:1' a person into the tomb.
I think it conducive to equanimity of
spirit and to longevity to sit in an
eransre grove and eat the fruit and
inhale the fragrance of it while gazing
upon a sn.w mountain. C.Tarle Dad
ley Warner, in Harpsrs's Magazine.
No oily substance, poultice or lini
ment should be put into the ear, be
cause great injury is liable to be done.
Warm water is the best possible and
about the only safe wash. Do not
scratch the oars with any metal; pin
heads, hairpins or ear picks should be
tabooed. Do not sere m if an insect
enters the ear; warm water will drown
it and wash out the remains. The ear
is not ne rly so liable to injury from
the intruder as from frantic offorts to
dislodge it. Do not put anything cold
into the ear; even cold water should.be
avoided, especially if there is any af
fection of the hearing. Do not put
cotton in the ears if there is any dis
charge of pus from them. Use warm
water as frequently as may be neces
sary to keep them cle m. but do not
force the foul matter back into the
delicate machinery. If ny small
hard substance falls into the ear, do
not attempt to "dig it out." If not
readily removable, allow it to remain
in quiet, and have a physician take
care of it when convenient it is not
likely to do any serious barm unlets
tampered with. Anything which is
soluble may bo washed out, with a
little patience, by the use of a syringe
and warm water; if not soluble it is
harmless. Deafness may sometimes
bo caused by an excess of ear-wax,
which has become hardened and ob
structs the action of the membrane.
Either havo careful hand apply
warm water through a proper syringe,
or a piece of cotton wadding wet with
essence of peppermint may ba intro
duced, which will dissolve and absorb
the hardened wax in a few hours.
Hail's Journal of Health,
Kuih Is Musi.
Tbe struggle of childhood with
synonymous terms is illustrated in the
ease of a five-year old Tioga hoy, who
was recently visiting an ;iunt in the
"Jack, take this mug into the dining
room and put it on the buffet' said his
aunt one afternoon. J..ck m irebed
bravely off, though evidently mystified.
"J know what buffet is, auntie," he
remarked as ho came back; "why, it's
The next morning at tbe breakfast
table fried mush was served.
"Auntie, what is mush? asicei Ja"kt
"Mush? Why, mush is mush," was
Then a moment later ho murmured:
"Buffet is sideboard, mush is mush;
wonder what h tm is?" Philadelphia
It Tnnn the "World.
The ballot is the greatest thing "
That man within his gift controls,
For if it's looked at fair and square '
The whole earth turns upon the poles.
K;t In It
"Well.' said Jonah, as he stood on
the shore and watched the whale swim
away, "for once I'm fflud I'm not in
it.' Brooklyn Life.
You can do no better service to
a good cause than to get up a club for
The Alliance We want to enlarge by
Jan. 1, and will if well supported.
It My Wire Taught School.
TlThml a nlfV'nt hmri.t i.ui t nnM
1 o fur away c nrtries. J'j .i from tiie P
in a jray pnooiifr an the r"ab o m v oar
would bo lit-ard by the native around Singa
pore. If my wife tmis-'it r cbool
I wcuhr. wouldn't you?
Er wou'dii't yiih?
Enny way what would you do?
ff I hnd a vife at Urn-Jit bcoo1 T wou'd jret
Something- fiae in the shape of a furniture
If I c u d pay my boi.rd and siio could pay
Tuer e a good many nice little things I eould
If my wife tnveht fcliooL
1 would, wouldn t you?
Er wouldn't yuh?
Anyway what would you do?
If my w ife taug-ht school you can net I would
like a condor. I'd roost pretty mlddlln' high:
I'd wear a Bik tl'e un1 own bosses. I vow,
Asd do lots o' thing II at ain't doia' now.
If tny wife tnuu-ht FciiooL
1 would, wi iii!u'fe jou?
Er wouldn't yuh?
Anyway what would yen do?
If my wife taiifrht school like rome women do
And I could earn quiie enouprli for us two.
I'd go in the barnyard, without any fuss.
1 would blew out my bra; us witii a big bios
If my wife taught school.
. 1 would, w u'dn'tyou?
Er wouldn't yuh?
Anyway what would rou do?
JOE ROGER'S MOTHER.
If yon have never been in the valley
of the Tennessee I mean that part of
the famous valley that stretches south
westward from the 'great Sand Mount
ain to the picturesque table lands of
Mount Sauo you have missed a scene
fairest of all iu that country of fair
scenes." I will not attempt to describe J
it. I can not do it justice. No one
can. It is the paradise of North Ala
bama, and in the heart of that far
Southern district, devastated by war,
and yet, thanks to its protecting bul
wark of mountains, its pleasant homes
and well tilled lands, escaped almost
Not many mile to the north is Look
out Mountain and the battle-fields of
Mission Ridge and Chickamauga. Fur
ther to the south and west, ou tne same
great trunk line that passes within the
shadow of the heights ou which Hooker
fought the "battle in the clouds," is
that already famous young city of
phenomenal growth. Decatur, and be
yond that the new Sheffield and war
But while this corner of the great
Talley saw little of either blue coats or
gray except, perhaps, an occasional
foraging party that chance led away
from the railroad and into the garde u
laud between the big hills the valley
gave its best blood for the cause of the
Confederacy, and sons and brothers
left the cotton unpicked in the field to
join . Brarg and his gathering hosts
across the border line of Tennessee, or
to follow the fortunes of Morgan or
Stuart on their cavalry raids to the
Back from the Tennessee, in a cove
Erotected from the northers by the
road back of Monte Sano, a hardy
mountaiu farmer had built a house of
uncut stone a poor place at best, but
a home for the sake of what was in it.
It was not a tyuical Southern home.
for the good wife and mother was
housekeeper, dairymaid and gardener
all in otto, while, the two strapping
boys, with their father, did the work
which on other plantations fell to the
task of the negro slaves. At the near
est store, at Maysville. old John Rogers
was. with indiscriminate courtesy,
dubbed "Colonel." Why, he never
knew. Perhaps no one else did. Even
before the war military titles were
popular in Dixie. Now they are all
colonels. So few privates escaped the
"Among the negroes "Colonel" John
was looked upon with some disdain.
A man who "worked" his farm with
out a single black "boy" was not likely
to win the respect of "the quarters" at
the big plantations on the river. Farm
ers who worked were uoor-ah white
trash" in those days of easy indolence.
But "Colonel" John thrived for all
that, and never a home in all the broad
valley was happier in the iittle cove
under the shadow of Monte Sano.
News travels slowly in the country.
In those days few newspapers found
their way into the Tanuessee "Valley of
Alabama, and the first shock of war at
Fort Sumter was too far away to affect
the tranquility of the people by the
great river. Then came the frantic
call for troops by the government at
Montgomery, and the great valloy was
at last awakened to the horrors of war.
A recruiting office was opened at
Ilttntsville, ten miles away, on tho
other side of Monte Sano, and hus
bands and fathers and sons left their
homes and people went away to the
war. The valley of the Tennessee was
desolate. The negroes went flocking
northward in search of the army of.
emancipation, and the cotton was left
in the bolls to spoil. There came a
time when even food was scarce, and
beef was worth its weight in the
strange new scrip the Confederate
government had issued.
Colonel" John fared worse than
man-, although for months after the
boys of tho lower valley had gone
away into Tennessee his sons yielded
to the wish of the old folks and stayed
at home. The time came, however,
when honor compelled them to go, and
they went; but the eyes of the nged
mother were wet with tears and the
face of the white-haired "00101161"
John was strangely old when they
bade their boys good"-by.
There are brave hearts here at home
who remember those sad farewells,
when the boys in blue went far away
to light and die on these Southern
battlefields. There were the same sad
partings in many a Southern home.
and tho war left hundreds of decimateu
families in that fair valley.
Months passed, and then years.
Occasionally letters from the absent
soldier boys came to the old folks in
the cove, but they were few and very
far between. They had gone north
and enlisted in tho "Army of Virginia.
They had been at Bull Run. anil had
been on the Peninsula iu the checker
board operat ions of , McClellan's cam
paign! The latest letter, scribbled in
pencil and wjitten in haste, aud read
in that little home with aching vet
thankful hearts, told of good health
and Con federate success. Side by snie
the brothers had foti ;ln. as yet unhurt..
Nw they wern n - aU Lee iuto the
land of promise the rich, corn-growing
valleys of Pennsylvania.
Gettysburg came, and the Army of
Virginia, rudely awakened from iU
victorious security, was hurled back
across Maryland and into Virginia
again by &w military genius of Meade.
In the carnage of the first day tho older
brother was" killed. The younger,
while retreating , with his decimated
regiment from au unsuccessful charge,
was taken prisoner. In company with
several other Alabama soldier, young
Rogers, even then a mere boy, was
brought to Philadelphia, and fnra
there sent to Fort Delaware as a pris
oner of war. There he remained un
til the surrender of Lee at Appomattox
The sad news of the battle of Gettys
burg was slow in reaching the little
home by Monte Sano. but when it did
come it broke thepiritof "Colonel"
John and turned still whiter tho head
of the sweet-faced mother: for it was
said that in the battle both boys had
falleu under the shower of Federal
balls. It was not long before there
was a "burying" from the house in the
cove, and tho body of "Colonel" John
was laid to rest among the pines he
loved so well.
And the mother? She too would
gladly have died, but nature was too
strong. The time came, moreover,
when she was glad that death had
spared her. for there came to her from
far away Fort Delaware a letter from
her surviving boy, telling of tho oltler
brother's death and thevyounger one's
imprisonment. S!ie read the letter
many times, and as the te;rs rolled
down her sunkeu cheeks she fell on
her knees and thanked God that oue
son at least had been spared to her. A
sudden resolution possessed her. She
would leave the little home in the cove
and go away to the North. She would
go to Fort Delaware, and they would
not refuse to let a mother see her son
even a 'Confederate" mother. Once
she had looked upon his face again she
would have courage to wait for his
Traveling was slow. Weeks passed
before she was enabled to get through
the opposing lines and into Washing
ton. At last, dying from want, sorrow
and fatigue, she stood in the command
ant's rooms at Fort Delaware with
written permission to see and speak
with the boy she loved so well.'
Tney tell" sad stories of Fort Dela
ware in the South. They call it the
Libby Prison of the North. I don't
like to believe .it. Neither do you.
They say that after a certain engage
ment the Northern generals accused
the Confederates of outrageous cruelty,
and in retaliation a score or more
prisoners were taken from the fort and
ignominiously hanged. Perhaps they
were mistaken, and that there. were
better grounds for hanging than that.
- liy some means a rumor had gained
credence in the prisoner's barracks
that something of the kind was to take
place, while, the impression prevailed
that special vengeance was to be meted
out to the soldiers of Alabama, because
of alleged outrages committed by regi
ments from that state. Young Rogers
was not a coward, but he had no desire
to meet so unsoldierly a death. With
that inventive genius which develops
so rapidly among those held in con
finement, the prisoners in Rogers'
"gang" dug out the stonework and
earth under one of the banks, and thus
secured not only a comparatively safe
hiding place for pilfered provisions,
but also for one or more of their num
ber when occasion demanded that they
should keep under cover for a time.
The rumor that retaliatory measures
were in order struck consternation to
many a brave heart, and when, for any
reason, a Federal orderly came to the
prisoners' barracks and called the
name of "Johnny Reb." there was a
general feeling of misgiving, and an
effort made, when possible, to discover
for what purpose the prisoner was
wanted before answering to his name.
So that when one day the barracks
were excited to a fever point by the
calling of a dozen names or more, and
the name of "Joe Rogers" rang with
startling distinctness in the ears of
that young Alabamiau. he did not wait
to be seen, but hurriedly crawled into
the "grub" hole and held his brea h
for fear of discovery aud the conse
quences that would follow. Three
times the orderly called.
"Joe Rogers! Joe Rogers! Joe Rog
ers!" rang through the long corridor.
Tiien the prisoners crowded around,
and the orderly seemed to be unaware
that Rogers had failed to answer to bis
name. He went away, anil on the rec
ords it was writteu that Joe Rogers
had been transferred as even the
officers thought to he hanged.
A sad look came over the face of the
commanding officer when the white
haired woman gave him the slip of
paper that to her meant so much.
"Rogers is not here now." he said
She looked at him, dazed by the in
telligence. "Not here?"
"No; he has been transferred."
The ollicer had a heart.
"I I do not know," he said. He
could not tell the sad-eyed woman
what he believed to be the truth.
. But he could not deceive her.
"He is dead!" she cried, wildly, and
tottering forward she clasped her
hands across her breast and sank into
"My poor boy!" sho sobbed. "I
loved you too. and yet I was too later'
The parched lips closed over the sad
grey eyes; the tired head fell forward;
the nervous fingers relaxed their hold.
Come," said the officer "kindly,
"you must go now. 1 can not permit
you to remain here."
There was no answer.
"I am waiting" he began, and then
he pa use1 abruptly. Something strange
in her appearance startled him. and li6
stooped down and peered into her face.
As he did so tears came into his eyes.
The sweet-faced mother would never
see the valley of the Tennessee again.
She was dead.
News flies in jails as it flies else
where. In his hiding-place that flight
young Rogers was told the story of hi
mother's death. Strong man 'though
he was. the shock was almost more,
than he eould bear, and he grieved
bitterly at the thought that. 8ven dead,
he might not look upon hr face, but
he waa jjlad for on-. tMnjjf. There
were fcfnci nenrts among the boys In
blue, and they took the body of the
dead mother across to New Castle, and
there in the old church yard reveren
tially laid it to rest.
Rogers managed to esrape detection
for the few weeks remaining before the
c ose of the war. After the surrender
he was liberated and returned to Ala
bama. There he lives aud there I met
him. He told me this story, and I
repeat it because it comes so near
home. It interested me and I think it
will you. tliiliulclphia Neves.
STARTING A PIPE LIME.'
Exeltlnjr. Phenomnni Attending: thm ICeW
Flan for th Triimaportation f Oil.
When the first pipe line waa started
in its work of convejing oil from the
vicinity of tho wells in Pennsylvania
to the seaboard some peculiar phenom
ena were noted. The prospect that
oil may soon be transported ltt a sim
ilar manner to Denver, not oniy from
Morrison, but also from the Florence
oil fields, will add interest to the
recital of these phenomena. Tbe story
is told by John Ward, one of the
watchmen on duty aloug the new pipe
line. He was cautioned to Watch a
certain hollow where the pipe.; coming
over one emineuce. passed "down
through it and up over a mountain to
the eastward. f
H tells how ho heard the oil gur
gling past, and as all seemed safe he
followed the line two miles before
turning back into this hollow. He
"Imagine my astonishment when I
saw the place 1 had left a short time
before so tame now hissing at ten
thousand points. Jets of oil were fly
ing twenty feet high and hundreds of
barrels were flowing downHiner's
Run. uever to see a market. I
"I thought the pipe was gone up,
sure. At first I was afraid to approach
it. but soon grew valiant, ana with, a
calking chisel I set to work to stop the
leaks. I made poor headway; it was
a dark night and I dared have no light.
1 had taken off my coat, the whizzing
oil carried a way my hat, and I very
soon became drenched with oil. My
pockets, my hair and my eyes were
full, and if I was not then an oil man I
would like to knovr what constitutes
one. I at length grew sick, and sup
posed I would have to give up and all
would be lost, and instead of an out
pressure I could hear an in-drawing, a
suction of air.
"I now realized the fact that the oil
bad been climbing the np-grde. but
.vas now on the descent for Pjne Bot
:om Run. This caused a suction and
relieved the hollow at the springs.
"I again waited sovne time, when I
received word to hasten to Haneyville.
that the pipe was bursting.; When I
arrived there the people were greatly
excited. The pipe was throbbing and
wheezing at every pore.",rMcClure
Spring was nowhere. The. oil was
spouting from the pipe for miles. I
knew from experience that the oil bad
reached and was climbing another
high mountain, and the pressure was
so great that 1 feared every moment
the pipe would burst.
"Wo all stood still and looked on.
Suddenly, as quick as thought, all
motion ceased except a sucking in of
air, and I heard the oil passing rapidly
along the pipe. I knew that it had
crossed the last mountain and that the
oil line was an established fact."
Tbe Coming Ocean Steamer.
Here is a verv clever picture from
the Pall Mall 'OazeUez She will be
over a quarter of a mile in longth. and
will do the passage from Sandy Hook
to Liverpool in thirty-six hours, being
oue night out. She will be driven by
electricity and in such a fashion as to
keep railway time despite storm or fog.
Passage can be secured by flash
photo Edison's patent and the ticket
will include an opera stall or a concert
ticket or a seat in a church pew. the
opera house, concert hall and church
being all on board. A covered ring
for horse exercise will be provided and
a racing track for fast trotters. A
base ball ground and tennis courts will
also form a portion of the attractions.
For business men a stock exchange
will be operated, the quotations being
posted from the tickers every two
minutes, on the vibration system. The
leading papers of all countries will be
reprinted each morning by the electrio
A spacious conservatory, containing
the choicest flowers of all climates,
will afford an agreeable lounging place,
and bouquets will be provided gratis.
As at Monaco and Monte Carlo, a suite
of apartments will be laid out for play,
to be kept open all night a sumptuous
supper with the costliest wines free.
English tailors and shoemakers will be
in attendance, and clothes will be
made and finished during the passage.
The millinery department will con
tain the French fashions of tbe previous
day, and costumes will be confectoned
while the ship is en route and delivered
complete on arrival at dock. Accom
modation will be furnished for 10.000
passengers. . . .
A. Story or Josh Billing.
A few years ago. riding up town in
a Madison Avenue car, I was seated
opposite the gentleman who is best re
membered as Josh Billings. The rear
platform was .somewhat crowded, and
iu the course of' our ' ride one of the
passengers stepped off and on several
times, in order toassltt the lady passen
gers. Finally, when the car was just
comfortably tilled, and the courteous
gentleman had taken his seat inside.
Josh "ngs, seeing an opportunity
for a joke, beckoned to the conductor,
and pointing to the stranger, said.
-Don't vou charge for every ride on
"Yes, sir." answered he.
"Well. I've seen that fellow get or
this car six times, and you have col
lected only one fare from him." Har
Walldorf and tbe Astora.
The little town of Walldorf, near
Heidelberg, where John Jacob As tor,
tiio first, was born, has received, ac
cording to the German papers. 50,000
m irks from Wiliiam Walldorf Astor.
The mouey is to be applied the Astor
memorial in the memory of Mr. As tor's
father. William Walldorf Astor has
'been eloeted an honorary citizen of the
by Thomas C Brofht.
The law-making body of the nation or
state should !e a portraiture of the pop
ular body the people; or, as Mirabeau
once said in a speech before the Constit
uent Assembly, it should be to the na
tion what a chart is for the physical con-1
figuration of its soil, presenting a re
duced picture of the people, their opin-;
iOus.aspirations and wishes, -and bearing
. . A. I ,
tne relative proportions to tne original,
precisely as a map brings before us
mountains and dales. The problem be
fore us is to displace old and worn-out
. i i . i
macmnery witn mat wiucu is new aim
better, aud to discover how to consti
tute popular representative assemblies
in a form and on a basis that will make
them an aid to civilization instead ofa
clog to humau advancement.
I or this object a number of schemes
have been proposed and, to a limited ex
tent, put into practice in this country
and Europe. The point is to provide a
method of suffrage by which, to alj
classes of opinious aud to all material in
terests, shall be secured, in some pro
portion, a voice in legislative councils
The plans proposed undertake to do
away with the , absurdity of permitting
10,001 votes to' over-ride 9.999 and mo
nopolize the political power of 20,000.
As is obvious, where representatives
for legislative bodies are chosen in any
constituency, a majority of one can
elect the representatives and leave the
minority utterly without representation.
This is a manifest injustice and a posi
tive political evil, and all the more un
justifiable as it is seen to be unnecessary.
To obtain a fair view of the situation
it is essential to form a correct estimate
of the powers of voters. It has been
thoughtlessly assumed that any one
qualified to "cast a ballot has but one
vote. This is an error. The voter is
entitled to give as many votes as there
are candidates to be elected. If there
are four candidates, and one voluntari
ly votes for onlv three, the full power
of suffrage is not exercised. We must
therefore acknowledge that a voter has
five votes, or ten, or fifteen; as many as
there are offices to be filled It is on
this indisputable fact that all plans thus
far suggested for reforming the process
of elections have been bascu. It is seen
to be possible and feasible so to regulate
matters that the citizen can mass or dis
tribute as he pleases the entire number
of votes to which he is entitled. Give
each voter this right, and a minority of
voters, if it amounts to a fourth part of
the whole number, can have it always in
its power to secure a representative. It
is not intimated of course that by any
just system a minority of the popular
vote could become a majority of a de
liberative body; but it would not be con
demned to everlasting silence. Its voice
would be heard in the halls of legisla
tion, where it is assumed in theory, and
sometimes happens in practice, that
"good reasons must preforce give place
- It is to he remembered that political
conditions are continnually changing.
Old issues die out and new questions
come to the front. The hope of pro
gress iu any generation is founded iu the
newer and later thought. And this
thought is always found with the minori
ty. A majority is never seen in the van
of human advancement. And the
higher interests of humanity demand
nothing more urgently than that the re
generating idea be early proclaimed in
the halls where the representatives of
the people meet to deliberate for the
good of the whole, both for legislative
and educational purposes. This is the
fittest arena for the conflict of opinion
and for "the victory by the better rea
son." So that in the idea of minority or
proportional representation are in
volved the best aspirations and hopes of
the race. The following are some of
the plans proposed:
1. The Preferential Vote. By this it is
proposed that each voter signify his first,
second, and third choice, aud so on, of
the candidates for whom he votes.
2. The Limited Vote. By this method
the citizen votes for a less number of
candidates than there are representa
tives to be elected; so that the minority
can always be sure of electing at least
one. The objection to this plan seems
to be that it deprives the voter of a part
of the votes to weich he is entitled.
3. The Free or Cumulative Vote. This
secures to the voter his full number of
votes, but permits him to cast them as
he sees fit. either to distribute them
among the whole number of candidates
to be chosen, to divide them among a
part, or to concentrate them on one.
Under this system, in any district where
three representatives are to be chosen, a
minority of one-fourth the whole can al
ways elect a candidate. Before this sys
tem was tried in this country it was ob
jected (1) that it would make no differ
ence in the general result, because
throughout a state the party that gained
a minority member in one district would
lose one in another district where it hap
pened to be in the majority; and. there
fore, the gains and losses" would equal
each other; and (2) that a party might
lose by knowing its strength.
All objections are best answered by
results. In Illinois the members of the
house of representatives are chosen un
der the operation of the cumulative vote,
in fifty-one districts ot which every one
elects three members. The details of
the first trial of the system in 1872 were
carefully collected and analyzed, and
all the conclusions were entirely in fa
vor of the new method. Of the 51 dis
tricts 34 had a republican majority.
Under the old system the republicans
would have naturally elected 102 repre
sentatives and tbe democrats 51: but, as
a matter of fact, the former elected 85
and the democrats G6. There was a
small number throughout the state who
did not vote with either of these parties
and who, under the old system, would
have been left entirely unrepresented,
but by the operation of the cumulative
vote they were able to elect two repre
sentatives. Massing the vote of the sec
tions respectively throughout the state
it was found that the republicans elected
three more than their proportion, and the
democrats one more, and the independ
ents four fewer. The results were not
secured with mathematical exactness;
but what election under the old system
has not shown results immensely more
inequitable than these? Taking I he vote
of the state as a whole, it appears that
under the old system 247.573 voters
wonld have been represented, and the
vast number of 184,733 would have been
left utterly without representation; but.
as it turned out in this election, 407,844
voters were represented and only the
comparatively small number of 19,257
were left unrepresented. .
A system which comes so near securing
a just representation cannot fail to com
mand the attention and approbation of
intelligent and fair-minded citizens
The objection most commonly urge! is
that the idea of "minority .representa
tion" is opposed to the fundamental
doctrines of a republic that the "ma
jority must rule." If there ever was
any iertinency in this objection, it has
no force whatever to-day. We long ago
abandoned the majority doctrine when
we ordained by law the plurality custom
which prevails at present nearly every-
t . i i rri !
wncre in tne country, xm; minority
idea is now established by law, but it
must be affirmed in its most offensive
form. The issue is not between a ma
jority and a minority system, for the
minority system already obtains, it is
whether it is or not more decent ami
just that three groups of people, each
witn preferences uiMiuct iiuui uuy oiucr
should each be represented than that a
minority of one-third plus one should
override the convictions of almost two
thirds of the district.
The subject of just representation was
more generally agitated fifteen years ago
than it has been in later years In every
age men of generous instincts have
sought to reform abuses in the civic or
social system, and of late the evils have
appealed so strongly to the friends of
progress for redress that the iniquities
in the matter of popular representation
have temporarily dropped out of sight.
But the revolving wheel brings them
again into view. Ballot reform now
challenges the attention of the oonntry,
and it is leginning to be preceived that
this will be ineffective if not accompa
nied by its twin representative reform.
It will" be of little avail to secure to the
citizen a secret ballot and an independ
ent vote if a vicious system of represen
tation cempels him to vote iniquitously
at best. We must not only give him
the right of the ballot freed from the
acts of the politicians and the touch of
the briber, but we must also secure to
him the opportunity of giving the utmost
offect to his individual choice. Ballot
reform is unavailing without a system
of just representation.
To Whomsoever this mat Concern.
In the matter of one A. H. Bush, census
enumerator, aud Coliu McCrea, accused,
both of Farmers' Township, Franklin
Cconty, Nebraska: .
K'hereas, Said enumerator has reported
and caused said Colin McCrea to be ar
rested as a criminal for refusing to an
swer the questions as asked by said
Resulted, That we, the neighbors and
voters, after thorough investigation in
the case, do find that said enumerator
entered into controversy with said C.
McCrea and utterly failed to do his duty
in asking the questions as enumerator
and officer, therefore, we do condemn
the action of said enumerator in his re
porting C. McCrea, as we further know
of said enumerator - calling on others
three times for report and still others
that be never called on, and we further
know C. McCrea to be a good, law-abiding
Robert Dow. Jos. II. Quinn.
Geo. W. Clapp. J- L. Ryckman.
C. P. Utter. Wm. M. Gilmore.
Geo. Vnce. W. R. Robinson. .
William Ruhl. A. R. Almonrode.
C. D. Rowland. D. S. Heath.
John Bates. D. H. Utter.
Thos. Magirl. Wilson Johnson.
Isaac Croley, O. H. Blamka.
Casper Y Boswell. R. F. Walker.
G. H. Bashford. J. A. Smith.
M. Hart. O. O. Reed.
D. F. Billings. George Mitchell.
Geo. S. Gillard. Jacob Wohleb.
J. M. Ray. John Schwilke.
George liirsch. E. S. Luke.
W. E. Mitchell. E S. Rosa.
Jacob Graft. Wm. H. Marsh.
Henry Boswell, M. Graft. ,
Henry Bennett. W. D. Madison.
R. G. Douglas. Leonard Miller.
J. A Wistrand. Thomas Walker.
L. E. Johnson. B. Gschwendtner.
W. F. Ryckman. Math Frieden.
II. Q. Walters. T. Bond.
S. F. Kelly.
STATE OF NEBRASKA.,
CouNTr of Franklin, C
Isaac Croley, being first dulv sworn,
says that he is a resident of Franklin
County, Nebraska, and that the forego
ing is a true copy now in my possession.
Subscribed and sworn to before me
this 8th day of November, 1890.
John S. Ray.
seal. Notary Public.
AT ITS OLD TRICKS.
The Bee now that the election is over
and its preferred candidate Boyd does
not need any more assistance, is return
ing to its old trade of trickery and du
plicity. In the daily edition of that
paper that is read in cities and towns
and especially in Omaha where demo
crats most abound, editorials denounc
ing the independents, damning Burrows,
reeking with abuse of the farmer move
ment and denouncing every decent man
who would not bow to the saloons, ap
pear with due regularity from dav to
day. But it is not so in the weekly
edition of the Omaha Bee. In the week
ly edition all these denunciatingjartieles
are suppressed. They are not published
where farmers can see them, but in
place of them Rosewater fawns at the
farrier like a whipped puppy aud tells
them in editorials that appear only in
the weekly edition of the Bee, that he
is with them in their struggle, that he
has been greatly in sympathy all
through the fight, but owing to the fact
that his time was taken up by the
amendment campaign he could not do
all that he desired. Thus the slimy and
treacherous editor of the Bee attempts
to curry favor with the farmers and get
in their confidence by declaring that
the Bee agrees with them for what they
are fighting, and that it proposes now
to be found in the line of battle with
them for their work iu the legislature.
All this shows that the organ of the
saloon hxsiness in the state, the orgtn
of treachery to the republican party and
the organ that in its daily editiou de
nounces the farmers and their work, is
trying to sneak in under the tent
through editorials in its weekly and
get in position to sell them out or be
ane iarmers, however, as well as
decent people all over the state have
learned Rosewater and his paper as
nver belore; nis scheming deceit and
shal'ow pretenses are thoroughly
understood and they have no more use
for him. It has taken the people of the
state a good while to thorougly under
stand the Bee, its motives and its treach
ery, but the day is past in which they
will agaiu be hoodwinked by it and its
two-faced pretences. Daily CM.
FATE COULD NOT HARM.
Cta Fellc "f Security rt M VfT
Lira Waa Iniared Fw IO.
They are tearing down old houses all
over the city to make room for tbe
more modern house. While these
nouses are being demolished there It
usually a class of people who crowd
around, eager to pick up all stray
pieces of wood which come in their
direction. Colored people generally
fired o in iu ate in this class, aud many a
antily is thus supplied with lueL
While tearing down a bonne in the
northwest section of the city recently
the worknieu were very much bothered
by these "wood hustlers." as they terra
The "wood hustlers" In the case
were composed, with but one except
ion of small negroes. This exc"'io
was an old negro who had one .eg
shorter than the other, and was nearly
bent double, but whether with ago or
not no one knew. . He looked as if he
had worked hard a 1 his life, but ap
pearances are deceitful.
The workmen became so incensed al
the "wood bustlers" that they drove
them all away excepting the old man.
After a while'lho old man became more
bold, and endangered himself ia try
ing to get pieces of wood. One of the
workmen spoke to him about it telling
him be would be hurt if he persisted la
getting in rie way. The old maa
mumbled out something but paid no
attention to tho naming.
Finally he got close to the wall and
stooped to pick up a piece of a beam.
Just as he was stooping a brick fell la
front of him, and he narrowly, escaped
being hit. Seeing this, a workman
"Look oat, ole man, or you'll be
"I doan't kare,H replied the old man.)
and he continued to confiscate all the1
wood that came within his reach.
Again he barely escaped being hit with
another brick, and again the workman
"1 done tole yer onst to git away
from dere. The fust thing you knovr
you won't know nothing." j
"I doan't kare," reiterated the old
man, looking around for more wood(
and, seeing some ia the interior of the
building, he went for it. He had hard
ly passed the door when a heavy beam
fell in the place he had just vacated,'
enveloping him in a cloud of dust.!
Several workmen, thiuking that the
heavy beam had pinioued the old man'
to the ground, jumped down to render,
all the assistance possible. Imagine
Ihoir surprise when, ed reachiug the'
place, they found the old man gather
ing the wood as unconcernedly at
thongh nothing had happened. The
workmen were speechless for a while,
aad then one said:
"Look a' bar. ole man, you'll hare
to get out o' this. We don't care 'bout
losin' time er carryln' yer korpua
through the street."
The old maa looked contemptuously
at the speaker, and then said in a dou't-give-a-conti
"G'war. niggers, I don't cans. I list
had my life 'surod fo' foty dollars."
To Escape From Tornadoes.
When trying to escape from a tor
nado never run to the northeast, east,
dt southeast. Never take refuge in a
forest or a grove of trees, or near any
object that may be overturned by tbe
wiud. A frame building is safer thaa
one' built of brick or stone. The form,
er is more elastic and holds together
longer; the Utter goes down in the
first craah, and the debris is whirled
into a heap in center of tbe foundation.
In a frame structure the cellar is the
safest place, but in a brick or stone
building it is the most perilous. In
the former case the debris is carried
away from the foundation, while in the
latter instance tbe cellar is tilled with
The tornado cave offers absolute
security to life and limb, and do means
of protection can replace it for thai
purpose. As regards protection to
property, no buiMing can be made
sufficiently large, strong, high, or low
to resist the force of the tornado's vor
tex. There is no changing the path of
the tornado by the employment of ex
plosives or by any artificial barrier.
To contemplate tbe 'disprion of the
cloud by tbe use of any electrical con
trivaece is also idle. All buildings
should be constructed as would be
done without tbe knowledge of the
tornado, and then protected by legiti
mate insurance. Protection must be
accomplished by organized capital, the
safety of one being assured by the
legitimate and successful ce-operatioa
of many. .
The writer strongly advocated this
method of protection during his tor
nado investigations in tbe West in 1879,
end now several million dollars' worth
of property are thus iusured ever
Joe Jefferson's Joke.
General Sherman relates an Inter
estitig story about Joseph Jefferson.
Joe came to my room in the Fifth
Avenue hotel. New York, recently, and
he chatted at the window there one
summer afternoon. He had with him
a light, thin overcoat which he threw
over a chair. After he had gone I
found under the chair a roll of papei
tied with it piece of red tape tho old
red tape that I know sowed. I picked
it up. inspected it, and then I said,
"Tii is is uot mine." and ran out to
catch Joe. I ran to the elevator,
shouting. Joe, Joe!"
I saw him two stairs below, but mj
voice wouldn't go down, it would only
go up. so I had to run down, and I
finally overtook him.
"Joe.did you drop this roll of paper?
He turned to me with a look full o!
joy. "My God, Sherman, you have
saved my I ife I"
"What do you mean, how have 1
aved your life?" ,
"Why." replied Jefferson, with that
familiar twinkle in his eye. "I ani
publishing my life, and that is the first
pet doe at a Missouri penitentiary
pire birth soveral days ago to twins,
This is said by those u ho are up In
natural history to be of -very rare oo
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