Omaha, Nebraska (189?-189?)
- Pokrok západu. : (Omaha, Nebraska) 189?-189?
- Place of publication:
- Omaha, Nebraska
- Geographic coverage:
- Dates of publication:
- Czech American newspapers.
- Czech Americans--Newspapers.
- Czech Americans.--fast--(OCoLC)fst00886333
- Czech-American newspapers.--fast--(OCoLC)fst00886452
- Czechs--United States--Newspapers.
- Omaha (Neb.)--Newspapers.
- United States.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01204155
- Archived issues are available in digital format from the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
- Description based on: Ročník. 22, číslos 9 (21. r̆íjna 1892); title from masthead.
- Edition of: Pokrok západu.
- Latest issue consulted: Ročník. 22, číslos 12 (1. listopadu 1892).
- Related Titles:
- Related Links:
Pokrok Západu, 1871-1920
Beginning on August 1, 1871, Pokrok Západu, or “Progress of the West,” was published as a weekly Czech-language newspaper in Omaha, Nebraska, by the well-known publisher and editor of the Omaha Daily Bee, Edward Rosewater (1841-1906). Born in Bohemia, Rosewater immigrated to the United States in 1854. Known for his feisty temper, Rosewater aggressively espoused in his papers Republican Party views on issues such as slavery and immigration. The success of Pokrok Západu was immediate, in part because one in five immigrants of Czech descent lived in Omaha and other Nebraska communities. Sold at $2.20 per year, the paper often included works of fiction and poetry, articles on farming, reminiscences of the old country, as well as news of the day. Pokrok Západu was a large format paper at 15” x 22” and had a circulation of 20,000 by 1880.
In March 1876, Jan Rosický (1845-1910), also originally from Bohemia, became the editor of the paper, purchasing it from Rosewater in 1877. Previously, Rosický had edited the Hospodář (“Farmer”), an important agricultural magazine that encouraged Czechs to immigrate to the United States. Under his leadership, the Pokrok Publishing Company was formed, and gradually Pokrok Západu became an important regional newspaper for Czech communities in Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, and the Dakotas. In the years that followed, the Pokrok Publishing Company produced various local editions of the newspaper. They included: Creteský Pokrok (Omaha & Crete, Nebraska), or “Progress of Crete,” 1905-19??; Pokrok (Clarkson, Schuyler & Omaha, Nebraska), or “Progress,” 1903-20; Kansaský Pokrok (Wilson, Kansas), or “Progress of Kansas,” 19??- 20; Iowský Pokrok (Cedar Rapids, Iowa), or “Progress of Iowa,” 1906-19??; Minnesotský Pokrok (Minneapolis, St. Paul & Omaha), or “Progress of Minnesota,” 1908-20 (formerly St. Paul’s Minnesotské Noviny, or “Minnesota Newspaper,” 1904-19??); and, finally, Dakotský Pokrok (Tindall, South Dakota), or “Progress of the Dakotas,” 19??-19??.
Following Jan Rosický’s death in 1910, the publishing enterprise continued under the direction of his daughter, Rose Rosický (1875-1954). Pokrok Západu and its extant local editions were finally absorbed into Chicago’s Hlasatel, or “Newsreader,” in 1920. Rose Rosický later published A History of Czechs in Nebraska in which she praised her father as a pioneer and leading newspaperman of his day.