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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1901)
- j henceforth attract immigrants chiefly
TW NrU.u.t. anmi at -bt:aipUi j froxn tLe humLler strata of east Euro
4 or i tiritjr ci iIm rur pean peoples. Yet while there are here
f nr j problems that only hlf h statesmanship
. . . can solve, I believe there is at the
Use nrttt taoaal mtins o. te Am- j prt PCllt moment no people in the world
erlcan acadtniy I political and focUI ' that Is rr.an for man equal to the Am
stieace oa la Pbilad'lrMa April 71th crirans In capacity and efficiency. We
asd continued In session for to day, j a mom-r.f when the
...... process of selective migrations has
There to a fall auen'aac. Th t-n- fX,rari.?tod it3 vork. Tl(? tonic selec-
eral topic for discission "AumI- J tlon? of the ficntier have clone for us
V Bare Problems. and thr rnaj s!! tiJ?r csn.
phases of that subject wc:e -,!y d!i- j .?r": InstJ!ut5c,?an! "T1 !du
. . , . . . er.tion nate keyed to the highest ten-
tr kuov r:;e ctrin- j Mori th(V aml.;tior.s of the American,
try over. The anscal ddr' was de- ; He has been chiefly farmer and is only
HttTtC ht prof. Edward A. Ro?, for- I beginning to expose bini&elf to the
merly oT Lclani Stanford, jr.. univer
sity, acd bow a member of the far.
ally f the Lsiverfty of Nebraska,
woo zpoke oa "The Caus of Bice
Sapvriority." He spoke in part as fol
low: The sap-riorftics that, at given
time, one people may diptay over
other pop!. are net necessarily rac
ial. Physical inferiorities that dif ap
pear as tie peoples are qual'zed in
diet and dwelling; mental loferlori
ies that, disappear when the peoples
. leveled up in respect to culture and
aans 3f education, are due not to
rac but to condition, not to blood,
but to surroundings, la accounting
for disparities among peoples there
re. ia fact, two opposite errors into
which we may falL There is the equal
ity fallacy Inherited from the earlier
thoagtt of the last century, which be
littles race difference and has a ro
bust faith ia tie power of intercourse
and school instruction to life np a
backward folk to the level of the best.
Then there is the counter fallacy
grows up since Darwin, which exag
gerates the race factor and regards
the actual "tfferences of peoples as
hereiitary and fixed.
"The first cause of race superiority
to which I Invite your attention is a
physiological trait, namely, climatic
adaptability. Just mow it Is a gran
question whether- the flourishing and
teeming peoples of the north temper
ate mm can provide outlets for their
surplus population ia the rich but un
developed lands of the tropics. Their
superiority, economic and military,
ever the people under the vertical
sua is beyond caviL Bat caa they as
sert and profit by this superiority save
by imposing oa the natives of the trop
ica the odious and demoralizing ser
vile relation? Caa the white man
work and multiply la the tropics or
will Ma role be limited to commercial
and Industrial exploitation at a safe
distarce toy raeana of a changing male
costingest of soldiers, off dais, trail
uers agents planters and overseers?
"The answer is mot yet sure, bat the
farts bearing oa acclimatization are
not comforting to our race. Immun
ity from the Tevers that waste men In
hot humid climates seems to be la in
verse ratio to energy. The French are
nor succesAfui ia tropical scttlemerts
tbaa the Germans or the English. The
Spanish, Portuguese and Italians snr
p&m the French ia almost equal meas
ure. When, it comes to settling Africa
instead of merely exploring or sub
duing it, the peoples may unexpected
ly change their roles. With all their
energy and thUr numbers the Anglo
Saxons appear to be physiologically
inelastic and incapable of making of
Guam or the Philippines a borne such
as they have made ia New Zealand or
Minnesota. In the tropics their very
virtues tbir push, their uacoroprom
isirg standards, their aversion to In
trmarrUge with, the natives are
-Ominons on the otter hand i the
extraordinary power cf accaai&ioda
tioa njcyed by the Mongolians. Says
Professor Hlp'.ey: The Chine suc
ceed !a Gaina where the white man Ttcbti ConutatiBi ConTtia iu-
-.lnot tlte; td tiitj tnrv t am S, f Jct th PUtt IisoloUrn
beria where the mean temperature is i Wbtt Nrsi?
below freezing, to Singapore on the j By a vote of 21 to 2 the Cuban con
!Xtutor." There are even ome who Utitutional comention on Saturday
blieve that the Chinaman is destined j formally rejected the "Piatt amend
to dispossess the Malay in Muthw-t- roent. This action was preceded by
rn Asia and Islands of the PaeiSc, and i the voting down of the two comprom
the Indian ia the tropical parts of So. j ise measures proposed by the two
America. j members of the convention who have
"Without a social ladder, without ia- I been throughout disposed not to hold
fectioa from a leisure clas that keys j the government of the Utited States
up its standard of comfort, a body to the letter of the Teller resolution,
f yeomen set Ufcg la a new and fer- This action is mot significant of Cu-
tile land will be content with th sim- !
sluggish t prevails tow among the j
Boers a it prevailed among the first j
ttra beyond the Alleghesies. If. on
th other hand, there Is a o iai lad- :
dr. but It is occupied by those of a
raimary or nerecitary position, as in
the Spssith cotamuciti of the south
west, there is likewise no stimulus to
eeergy. Bat if vigorous men from new
coram snitiMi la close enoj?h' touch
with rich and old communities to ac
cept their exactirg standards of com
fort, without at the same time ac
erpiizz their social ranking, each man
baa th greatest poill incentive to
fwprore his condition. Such has been
tb riitioa of America to England,
and of th west to the east.
This is why America spoils' eppor
tasity. lnpired by hope and ambition
the last two generations of Americans
fcat amazed the world by the breato
spd with wbkh they have sub-
doM the westers half of th continent,
asc niied the wilderness with homes
and titles. Never baa the world -en
fnth prodigies of labor, such miracles
of enterprise as the crcatloa within a
fcingle lifetime of a van ordered, civ
iliied I:! between the MisSFippl and
"It I certain that if f venture to
aptly to th American pop of today
the sri t tets of sup riori'y I have
st forth to yott at sua Iagth. the re
sult U most gratifying to our ji'tde. It
is true that o-ur average of energy and
rbxractfr is low r red by the presence
in tfc sotith of several millions of an
ls'crior rate. It is trxe that the last
twecty years hate dilated us with
masses of fecund but leatn huraaclty
frca tit Levels ct lir Lolard7 or
j Gaiicia, It is true that our free -land
: 13 gone and our opnortcnltles will
deteriorating Influences of city and fac
tory. He i now probably at the cli
mes of hlz energy and every thing
premises th?t in the centuries to come
he is destined to play a brilliant and
iesdirg role on the stage of history."
Samuel McCane Lindsay, president
of the academy, preceded Professor
Tln with an address reviewing the
work of the academy during the past
At the opening session at which Tal
cott Williams of Philadelphia presid
ed, the principal theme was "The
f Races of the Pacific" Those who
spoke were Dr. Titus Munson Coan of
! New York on "The Native of Hawaii
The Rev. Charles C. Pierce, D. D., on
"The Race of the Philippines," and the
Rev. O. C. Miller, D. D chaplain U.
The speakers and gest3 were tend
ered a reception fcy the ladies recep
tion committee and the members of
This very condensed telegraphic re
port, much fairer than what we usual
ly find in the reports of the Associated
press, will be interesting reading to
the old. fighting populists of this state.
In it they will find the scientific state
ment of the theories for which they
have been fighting. They believe that
the environment makes the man, that
the city and the factory are distinctly
deteriorating influences upon the race
and the resultant commercialism
which has been the influence controll
ing all departments of the government
for the last decade will result in dis
aster. The greed for gold and glory
has had no followers in the populist
party. No populist ever believed in
the extreme view of heredity 4 advo
cated by some pseudo scientists. They
have claimed that the wretches of the
alums were made so by their environ
ment, that that Kind of men were bred
by economic conditions, and. if-placed
ia the right sort of environment they
would become energetic, self-supporting
citizens. The most that they ever
would allow to heredity was a strong
tendency. They have said that the
concentration of wealth in a few hands
and the congestion of population Jn
great cities was producing degenera
tion. Therefore in their political ac
tion they have opposed the concentra
tion of wealth, discouraged the flight
from the farm to the city and all the
plutocratic tendencies of the times.
Now come the scientists preaching the
same ; doctrines. " They are heard,
whereas the populists were called luna
tics. We have believed in the equality be
fore the law of every man, bnt not in
the foolish Idea that all men are equal
in physical or mental endowments. We
have demanded equal opportunity, not
special privileges. These scientists
who assembled at Philadelphia grant
the fundamental principles of popul
ism, make them the premises upon
which they base their arguments. Call
it science and it Is respectable. Call it
populism and it is lunacy.
THEY WON'T DO IT
ban public sentiment. If the members
were under American supervision, and
acting as thev were with General
Wood in direct contact with them day
by dav. voted thus overwhelmingly,
what must be'the feeling of the Cuban
The claim to a part of the island of
Cube itself, the Isle of Pines, .which
has always been a division of the pro
vince of Havana.
The right to Interfere In Cuba's in
ternal affairs when we might see fit
as If we would not iaterfere without
permission if it became vitally neces
sary to onr own welfare so to do.
The Cuban convention's action does
not mn that the "negotiation" Is
closed. But it does mean It is ' a
warning that negotiation should be
conducted as negotiation, not as dicta
tion, and with politeness and forbear
ance; that the administration can get
1 notMiig from Cuba with the consent
j and approval of the Cuban people' by
using thinly veiled threats delivered
by a military man with his hand upon
the hilt of bis sword. New York
World. ' . - :
The republican redeemer legislature
has provided lor plunging the state a
quarter of a million dollars further in
debt. Under an efficient and econom
ical government such as the populists
gave Uic people, the state would have
Deen out of deot in five years and the
common schools and university would
hav prosperei and lecorae the pride
of the whole nation." The last legisla
ture was tv.e most Incompetent that
ever assembled at the capitoL The re
publican party has proved t.iat it is
not nt to govern.
Ways and Means Committee Makes
AH Friends of Reform.
- - .' : .-!-'. .. ' : ', . ,,.' . i
To Contributors and . to those who
have not contributed: As secretary of
ways and means committee, I have
been laboring diligently ever since the
24th day of last January attempting
to accomplish what was generally con
ceded to be an uphill undertaking:
I. e., the collection of funds to pay off
a campaign debt, after the campaign
had closed and the election gone
against us. - It was a matter of "pay
ing for a dead horse." as the saying
goes; and I was frequently encouraged
by such remarks as: "you will find it
like pulling eye teeth." Yet, notwith
standing, I have lost no opportunity
of calling to the attention of our. peo
ple that this, debt must be paid if we
are to maintain our organization as a
party. It was contracted near the close
of the last campaign when it was sim
ply a question of go In debt or close up
headquarters, and,, although "pay as
you go" is a good motto, circum
stances sometimes arise when one
must go whether be-can pay of not.
Occasionally the ' action of the state
committee is criticised and doubt1 is
expressed as to the wisdom of its hav
ing contracted certain of the items.
Such criticism is proper in Its place
but should not be used to prevent pay
ment of the claims. Whether any cer
tain expenditure is wise or foolish is
wholly a matter of personal judgment
and it is difficult to find any consid
erable number of persons who would
agree on everything. Certain it is,
that had . our campaign been success
ful there would not now be any ques
tions raised as to whether the expendi
tures were wise or otherwise. It is
sufficient to know that there are debts
unpaid and owing by the state com
mittee: that, these debts were con
tracted in good faith; and that, with
possibly a , few minor exceptions, all
the claims are just and .. ought to be
paid. Now ia not the time for "post
mortems;" it! is a time for action.
Something must be done and - done
qu!ckly-if we clear fup tbe: debts of-the
last campaign before another is upon
us.v iJrery cent -of the debts could be
pad off. and a snug little sum placed
in the committee treasury for the com
ing campaign,' if every .man who voted
for Governor Poynter last fall, would
"drop a nickel in the slot." ;: The same
thing could be accomplished1 if one out
of every five - of those voters ga ve : a
silver, quarter.; Or,, 5,600 of them giv
ing a dollar apiece, could, swing, it. ; It
it possible that there arevnot 6,000 pop
ulists in Nebraska who are able and
willing to give each a dollar to . main
tain the party organization?
I find ,6'y toniultirig ; my, records- cnal
since the' 1st day of February I have
sent , out nearly. 11, 000 letters and cir
cular letters; and, including this
week's paper,' nearly 20,000 copies - on
The - Independent all for the purpose
of keeping the voters in touch with-the
work' being done by .our committee.!
The table which appears 4 in another
column shows that out of T.466 letters!
sent to individuals, tisking a. personal
contribution, 821 r spouses - have -bf enj
received xi p to last weelc (or 815 up to
Tuesday noon), understand, this ; is!
not the total number of contributors;
frequently one person sends in for!
three or four of "ihis- neighbors, ..to!
whom - letters had not been : sent. . and
this counts as but one response. ; Some
thing over 6,000 persons to whom th'esej
.letters were sent, , have , failed to re
spond, whether on account of inability
or. disinclination to contribute, or i
cause of carelessness and a disposition
to put oft until tomorrow what, ought
..to done today, I am unable to say J
Atijui) one or pes? p'w. ,
, Ana now a word as to wno ought to
pay, and who ought rot: There has
been a growing tendency in our party
the past few years to allow the office
holders to bear most of the burden of
making the stale campaigns. It makes
little, difference now just what caused
this tendency. The question is: is it
a good tendency? Now, it seems to me
that every member of the people's par
ty who is benefitted by having that
party in power, ought to be willing to
contribute according to his ability to
ward maintaining the party organiza
tion and fighting the party's battles.
Office-holders certainly ought to con
tribute liberally toward keeping up the
organization which placed them In
office but there is such a thing as go
ing to extremes in the matter. The
farmer or business, man who is ben
efitted by economical populist "govern
ment ought to' be - willing to contri
bute something also. And, as, we have
seen, if only one-fifth of our voters
should each, contribute a silver, quar
ter, the burden could be borne without
being' felt by anyone.
,The difficult question. . however, is to
reach the ; voters. True, we have an
organization in nearly every voting
precinct in the stat! have something
over 1,400 , precinct committeemen;
and it would seem that it ought not to
be- a difficult task to : reach 20,000 to
25,000 of our voters through these com
mitteemen, and do it quickly. But let
the inexperienced man try It! He will
be astonished to learn that not more
than 50 or 40 of them will answer his
communication in the first three weeks
and after that the replies will come in
in such a straggling manner that he
will give up; hope and agree with me
that for first-class procrastination, no
man living, excels the average populist
precinct committeeman. , Apparently
about 80 per cent of these commlttee-
i men believe they were selected for
dress ' parade purposes, to look wise,
and talk knowingly but work! Never.
I freely admit that we have a goodly
number of energetic .committeemen
and my;jmarks are not intended ', to
apply. to them., .
There Is but one successful way. to
raise' a campaign fund by -popular, sub
scription: that is to go directly to the
people themselves and not depend upon
a committeeman 'to do the ;work,iUn
less .you bave personal knowledge that
be is a worker. -f. Acting on the knowl
edge gained in a futile attempt to get
the precinct committeemen to .work (I
speak of. . the thousand or , more who
have done notbing-rabsolutely nothing
and not of the comparatively .small
number who did nobly). I sent out the
7,466 letters mentloned in the table ap
pended. . Eleven per cent of responses
is very fair but. Ja this particular
matter there ;is no reason why fully
50 per: cent should not respond. The
habit; of putting off runtil tomorrow
what ought to be- done today. Is one
which has a firm hold on thousands of
people it is nearly as vexatious as
the drink habit. I firmly believe that
3,000 letters . containing .contributions
ought to reach me before . the first of
May,,; if only those who, are ? delaying
will . act promptly Are. YOU one of
the procrastinators? .
I am pleased to see thai Brother Eric
Johnson of the Saunders County New
Era, Waboo,. has - taken , up the cam
paign fund, matter in bis county. The
very first- week be 'pushed Saunders
county tc the top of the list. He has
voluntarily offered to donate one-half
of every new, paid-in-advance, yearly
subscription received before the 25th
of this month. s Saunders county pop
ulists ought to take advantage of this
liberal ; offer. -It killsi. several birds
with one stone: gives the subscriber a
good newspaper; gives; the New Era
another "good subscriber; and helps
out the campaign fund; Populist pa
pers : in ; other counties might take ' a
bint from, this. 5 f i r " v;
, In th feytnneetion, f have made ar4
j raugemeatS;' witn u :ae. J ndependettt
VPuMisliinsiCompany :tmr a .similar deal!
on-aew 'subscriptions received for Thel
independent.. Every populist. ought to
fake as iniaqyi reform -papers, as. "his
"means will justify and he can find time
to read, I should say(l) that he ought
to take his lotml reform county. paper;
N2) that he outbt to take the. Nebras
ka Independent. -If. you are ndta s'ub-
teeriber to TJie Independent, send me :a.
dollar, and. the ipaper: willi be '.'m'ailed
lyouregularly for one year; fifty,, cents
of that amount will be placed in thej
campaign fund.- If, however, you are
a subscriber,-get your-neighbor to take
it; send me his dollar (or yours) and
"have:him;read the doctrine that cures
'mulletheadism." l!se : the blank which
lb conclusion: This is the last.vig
orous effort I. shall make In behalf of
the ways and means committee, be
cause other duties now demand my at
tention. The weekly reports, however,
will be continued as long as receipts
justify: using the space. There is no
good reason why at least a thousand
new subscriptions should fail to reach
me iu the next two weeks. If you have
already contributed, speak : to your
nelghbot who has not done so If you
have neglected the matter well, bet
ter late than never; the eleventh, hour
will do, but don't wait till high noon.
With none but the kindliest feelings,
for the eight hundred and more corre
spondents I have bad the past three
months, and urging a prompt response
irom you, if you intend 5 to respond,
am, yours for success.
, CHARLES Q. DE FRANCE,
v Secy Ways and Means Com.
" 1836 So. 25th St,' Lincoln, Neb.
In report of March 14,. deduct 50c
from Madison county and add to Pierce
for Elmer Saltz contribution.
In" report of April 11, deduct 50e
from Franklin county, account of Jas.
Carpenter -contribution. (Carpenter
sent $2, but being an old subscriber, $1
was. for the fund and $1 for the paper,
instead of $1.50 for the fund as
credited.) . . ,
Previously - acknowledged $863 31
To Tuesday noon .............. 41 80
C.'Q. DeFrance, Lincoln, Neb.
V Enclosed rind f... . ..... for-which
following: names and addresses one year,
People's Party Campaign Fund, credit
Name -of Sender,. .................. .
P.O., Precinct,.. J.. .......
yrAvrrs - posxoffick , - j state
. ' . - ' . - t -: :" i - . . .' .- . .... ; :
' ' - - ,, ' ... 1 - - 1 1: ' - .s .'-.-
' " .' ' " - 111 " "" "-' 1 "' "1 1 "
, : . , - . 1
- ; ; -. ; - ' '.''-'" '''" '' ", . ' ' ' V
M t' ,t y: ' '"", M . ' r,n',f nm 1 'i, ,... u,. ,,, , ,;-.;,. 'jrNj..i..ini ,-' 1 Mi.li.n'-' i-'i " ' w-.mri-., n'-,,,. - 'tn hi . . . i '- im - w
1 " "' - ' -J ,
- . . . - - - y 1, ...i .. .1 in. m mail i nvnin m iinmni. ,M - mm
a Final Appeal to
v ......... 4 . . ... ., . ., ,
BY COUNTIES. .
. (Contributions of 23c. each, unless
otherwise specified.!- jf " . ; -
Adams Previously .acknowledged,
$11.37; collection of $3 by M. B. Foote,
S1.10, Ayr, r for Ayr township. (C. W.
Foote. G. C. Foote, J. Sheets, J. C.
Woodworth, J. A. Franks A. Gardner,
H. Boelke, W. H. Brown, 5c, E. Smith,
5c, E. N. George. 5c,) all Ayr. Total,
$14.37. v r v i:. :; C :
I Antelope $33.63; no receipts. .
Boone $22.75; no receipts.
Box Butte--Previously acknowledged
$7.83; collection of $15 by Frank
Caba, Iawn. - (John VLortscher, John
Caha, Joseph Caha, 50c, Lawn: Ed
ward Larson, -v Hemlngford). Total,
$9.08.'. - -
Boyd Previously "- acknowledged,
$3.75; "Cash," Lynch. Totals $4. ; .
: Buffalo-rPreviously ( acknowledged,
$4.55; 1 F. Stark, 50c, -Nantasket. To
tal, $3.05. . ;" -
1 Burt $10.05; no receipts. -
Butler Previously acknowledged,
$15.33; Lewis Swanson, Surprise; B.
Boyers. Ware, $1 for; Independent col
lection. .. Total, $16.08. '
t Cass Previously acknowledged,
$9.73; collection of $3 by J. W. Hollen
beck, Elm wood.- for Stove, Creek pre
cinct, (no names submitted) ; collec
tion of $1 by Z. S. Welliever (Ingerson,
Setb Covel, Sours) all Weeping Water;
also $1 for lndependent collection, pa
per to be sent William Stockham. To
Cedar $2.78; no receipts.
Chase 25c; no receipts,
f Cherry $9.25; no receipts.
Cheyenne $1.35; no receipts.
Clay Previously acknowledged,
J. W. Smith, Ongr collection of
$1.25 by Frank Lange (Henry Weber,
John Buttell, Herman Wachter, E.
Fleming) all Sutton. Total, $26.93.
11 Colfax $2;, no receipts. '
Cuming $440; no receipts.
Custer Previously acknowledged,
$37.95; Andreir Allen; 50Westerville.
Total; :385: y . - ,:- . : :
Dakota Prevlonsly acknowledged.
Tf:B. Slocnmrtl, Sotrth'SIour
City TotaV $3.95r I
: Dawes $5.50; no receipts. -; 1
; Dawson Previously r acknowledged,
$5.50; Otto 'Wiederanders, watchmaker
and jeweler, Gotbenburg..T Total, $5.75.
! Dixon $2.50 ; no : receipts, t
. Dodge $3.50; no receipts. --
Douglas $3.50; no receipts.
Dundy Previously acknowledged.
;$1; G. W. Parnell, 50c, Benkelman.
To,v ' .
Fillmore $15.75; no receipts.
; Franklin $10.75; deduct 50c; total,
Furnas Previously acknowledged,
$6.75; Wm. T. Manahan, Arapahoe;
Jeff McKown,, 40c, Hendley; Wm. As
key, 50c, Oxford. Total. $7.90.
Gage $3.30 ; no receipts. -Garfield
50c; no receipts.
' Gosper Previously . acknowledged,
$4.90; S. W. Spring, 50c, Bertrand. To
tal, $5.40. -i- -.-.-;.v : V :
Greeley $4.50: no receipts.
i Hall Previously acknowledged,
$24.25; E. WTiitebead,' Cairo, $2 for In
dependent collection (himself and W.
J. Porter). Total, $25.25. ,
Hamilton Previously acknowledged
$13.75; collection of $1-by J. L. Evans,
Aurora, for "Orrille precinct; Cbas.
Fedderson, Hans J. Olsen, 50c, ; Mar
quette. - Total, $15.50.- , -
4 Harlan Previously acknowledged,
$16; J. M. Sbull, Ragan; Wm. Doak,
Republican City. - Total, $16.50.
Hayes JEreviously acknowledged,
$15; Geo. J. Hahn, Hudson. Total,
$1.50. .." - : .
Hitchcock Previously acknowl
edged, $1;.N- T. Hall, 50c, G. W. Ben
jamin. 50c, . Trenton. Total, $2.
Holt $10.25; no i-eceipts. ;
Howard $24.45; no receipts.
Jefferson Previously acknowledged,
$13.55 T. M. James, 20c, Powell. To
tal; $13.75.,' .'. :.'.,-.-,
Johnson 9.05 ; no receipts.
Kearney $47.50; no receipts. -;
Keith Previously acknowledged, $1;
A. "Baker, 70c, Ogalalla. -Total, $1.70.
Keya Paha $2.50; nc receipts.
Kimball 25c; no receipts.
Knox $10.60 r 00 receipts.
Lancaster Previously r.cknowl
edged, $30.75; collection of $2 by Gid
eon Purbaugh. 50c, (C L. Momenson,
50c,. John Buckley 50c, Levi Wilhelm.
send The Nebraska Independent to the
- and "place one-half of said sum in the
50c,) all Havelock for North Bluff
precinct; Nels Rasmussen, Lincoln.
Collection of $1.50 by Owsley Wilson
(lawyer), $1, (John Love, r W. L.
Breese) all Lincoln. Total, $34.50.
Lincoln $2.30; no receipts.
Loup Previously acknowledged,
$2.50; Lyman Lydall, Lucius Lydall,
Taylor. Total, $3. .
McPherson 25c; no receipts.
Madison $3.50; deduct 50c; total $3.
Merrick $3.25; no receipts.
! Nance $7; no receipts.
Nemaha Previously acknowledged,
$7.50; Joseph Leahy, Julian; contribu
tion of $1.50 from Nemaha precinct by
C.-.W." Roberts. F. M. Anderson, Wm.
Hawxby, committeemen, Nemaha. To
tal, $9.25. ":: ; .
Nuckolls Previously acknowledged,
$3.73; R. N. Simonton, Superior. To-'
ui. $4. :. :'-;: - r:;
Otoe $17.35; no receipts.
Pa wnee-Prfvibusly acknowledged,
$7.75; collection Of $L5u by. Barney
Bergman (C Holle, Herman Soellner
C. Hungath, Albert S. Cox. W. L. Til
ler), all Pawnee City. Total, $9.23.
Phelps Previously acknowledged,
$5.75; H. Pickering. $1, ; Atlanta, for
Industry township; A. White, Loomis;
Chas. E. Staberg, Westmark. Total,
$7.25. -.V; . J ,
Pierce $1.25; add 50c; total. $1.75.
Platte Previously acknowledged,
$11; collection, of $1 by J. W. James,
50c (E. D. James, F. S. James) all Co
lumbus. Total, $12.
Polk $37.80; no receipts.
Red Willow Previously acknowl
edged, $6.55; add .50c for Stelnmetz
subscription; Chas. Hopt, 50c, Cam
bridge; B. A. Jones, 30c, Indianola.
Total, $7.85. s ' ,
. Richardson $9.60; no receipts
Rock 25c; no receipts.
Saline Previously acknowledged,
$20.15; collection of $4.25 by Peter
Johnson, Wilbcr. Total, $24.40.
Sarpj $S; no receipts.
- Saunders Previously acknowledged.
$43.93; F.vO. Olson, Colon; collection
of $3.50 by Eric Johnson, editor Saun
ders County New Era. Wahoo, (J. A.
Olson, $!, Colon; A. J Johnson, 50c.
Mettd; John Hansen, 50c, Wahoo: Olof
Mattsen, 50c, Ceresco; $1 as half of
two ?. sew,, subscription's to the New
Era)., Hurrah for Saunders she heads
the list. - Total JJITTO. ;
. Scotts Bluff $2; no receipts.
; Seward $18J0; no receipts.
i; Sheridan $1.95; no receipts. -
- Sherman Previously acknowledged,
$5.50; Chas. F..Krehmke, Rockville, $1
for. Independent collection. Total,. $6.
Stanton $7.50; no receipts.
-Tbayer $3.40; 1, no receipts. - :
Thurston 75c; no receipts.
; Valley $6.9F; : no receipts.'
': Washington $37.11; " no receipts,
I Wayne $4.55; no receipts. . ,
" Webster Previously acknowledged,
$16.90 ; A. D. Baker, Blue Hill. Total,
$17.15. v . .. ; .
: W heeler Previously acknowledged,
$6.96; - John Ferguson,1 50c,. Brewster.
Total. $7.46. ' " .
York $32.15: no receipts.
Unknown 50c; no receipts.
' Showing the quota which each' coun
ty ought to pay, calculated on the basis
of 5c for each vote cast for Governor
Poynter last' fall, dropping the odd
change and making it even dollars; the
amount which has been received by the
(Continued On Page Two.)
Mr. James N. Miller, writing to a
Chicago paper in regard to the cap
ture of Aguinaldo, says:
"During the latter part of the civil
war a company of confederate soldiers
dashed Into Cumberland, Md., one
night -and captured Generals Crook
and Kelly, taking them from their
beds at a hotel. It was a deed of dar
ing bravery, well planned and ably
executed. But when General Robert
E. Lee heard of it he ordered the pris
oners sent back to our lines, saying he
did not approve of this style of war
fare. He did not consider it honor
"Admitting all the reckless bravery
of General FuDston's exploit in cap
turing Aguinaldo, in what respect did
it differ from that of the capture of
these Union generals? The story of the
recent capture says: . 'They were now
so weak that it was necessary to send
to Aguinaldo's camp for food. Aguin
aldo dispatched supplies and directed
that the American prisoners be kindly
treated. After having their lives thus
preserved, they were enabled to march
on and meet their preserver under an
assumed guise, and by false pretense
capture him at a time when he was un
armed. ' 'v:.. ;-' i:..''-'.
"Perhaps General Lee was wrong in
bis notion of military honor."
.The populists have constantly been
enunciating some very weighty scien
tific truths. The only attention that
they attracted from the would be wise,
resulted in denunciation. and the only
reply that was mads was . to call the
populi3ts lunatics. It seems that when
a man who has "Prof." before bis
name and a long list of capital letters
after it says the same things, that is
an altogether different matter. Then
it becomes science and is no longer
lunacy... Prof. Max Haushofer, the emi
nent Vienese sociologist, says; "I am
not an alarmist, ; but am free to say
that in the course of time it will be
impossible to provide enough insane
asylums, jails and hospitals for. the
degenerated and useless, if people are
not made to understand that the high
est service that can possibly be ren
dered to . humanity is to give to the
world well-behaved, intelligent, sound
and active children." - ; .
Ten years ago populists talked in
the same way and said the same thing;
But they were called long-haired, wild
eyed and crazy. Now the most emi
nent scientists are saying what they
said ten years ago.
THE PORTO RICANS
A Case Where the Censorship Didn't Work
Satisfactorily Awful Sufteritig- De- '
scribed by a Missionary
Porto . Rico is too near our own
shore to work the censorship satisfac
torily. When the laboring men of that
island sent a man to petition the Em
peror, of Porto Rico for relief for the
starving inhabitants with a document
signed by 6,000 of the inhabitants, all
that it was thought necessary to do
was for. .a carpet-bag official to de
nounce him as a disturber and walking
delegate. But other things are creep
ing into the papers that have an ea
tremely ugly look. Rev. E. S.,Tead
who is the Porto Rican representative
of the American missionary society,
reports as follows: v
- "In some of . the towns where the
greatest poverty exists Spaniards live
who are worth "all tft way from $100.
000 to $1,000,000, but' they are not
touched by this condition of the poor,
nor are efforts made to alleviate a Is
tress. Beggary is common and in some
of the stores little baskets of coppers
ou the shelf hold the amount which the
merchant Intends to dispense that day.
All sorts of bodily deformities and dist
ease are displayed by these beggars,
such as blindness, twisted feet, dropsy,
sores, bruised legs, paralysis, women
carried in carts or hobbling along on
their haunches or men seated by the
wayside holding up a maimed limb
and begging for a pittance.
"The need of the island is a general
hospital equipped " with modern ap-.
pliances. A hospital could be built and
equipped at comparatively , small ex
pense. Dr. Atkins, a woman connected
with the Presbyterian - church of Sau
Juan, has twenty-five to forty calls a
day from patients who need hospital
treatment, many of whose lives, are
lost because of the lack of it." ,
The plutocratic press has a fashion
of denouncing every private citizen
who reports a fact that interferes with
their methods of exploitation in such
vituperative terms that ordinary men
are deterred from bearing testimony.'
a private letter was sent to tne editor
of The Independent written by an Am
erican citizen who was in Pcrto Rico
under the most positive instructions
that it was not to be. printed or the
name of the writer made known. He
says that he could not stand the tirade
of foul words that would be poured
out upon him if the letter was pub
lished and that bis wife is in delicate
health. and such abuse would endanger
her life.. The readers of The Indepen
dent can rely upon the fact that there
is a most horrible condition' of tblugs
in , Porto Rico, that "hundreds ' are dy
ing for, the lack of the most' common
necessaries of life. Meantime the Por
to Ricans are taxed as no community
in the United States was ever taxed.
McKinley is , playing the same game
there that the British have played in
India. . .,
It is pitiful to see the struggle for a
little land upon which to labor and die.
The contest for the land that is to be
opened for settlement In the Indian
territory is likely to be so fierce that
various propositions are being sub
mitted to the government to avoid the
terrible contest that is sure to ensuu.
The Oklahoma State Register has the
following upon that subject: i
"Thousands of petitions are sent to
the government praying to the .'powers
that be not to open up the new coun
try with a horse race. Most of the
homeless petitioners ask that. the 16,
000 homesteads be distributed by
drawing lots. That method would pre
vent bloodshed, , and infinite litiga
tion, and the wiley sooner nor bluffing
clalm-jum per would be "in it." It is
hoped that the government will heed
the fervent prayer of landless citizens,
and not allow another breakneck
horse race for a few acres of mother
earth." . "' - - .- . ; ',
It's Coming, Sure
Editor Independent: I am just now
snow-bound and so having the time
will attempt to invade the editorial
sanctum of The Independent. I have
been a careful reader of your paper as
well as of current events in otht t a
pers the past few years and I wish to
say as briefly as possible that in all
human events, if any one thing is more
sure than another, that one thing will
be the taking over of some of our huge
corporations by the people to be owned
by them, that being in fact the only
remedy for present economic evilsf I
believe that the great mass of voters
who have given the subject any ser
ious thought have arrived and can ar
rive at no other conclusion as being
the true solution of the greatest of our
difficulties. "' ..
The plundering of the public by "po
litical bushwhackers" will be reduced
to a minimum and the second largest
economic evil will be eliminated. Now
this new order is coming whether vou
will or no, and I only write these few
lines that it possible you may help it
along. ',;. """ ' .
The people who advocate legislating
the trusts and combines out of exist
ence and stfll believe in keeping within
constitutional, law, are blind leaders
of the blind. Ju&t wach and see. V
C M. OILLETT
" Pullman, Neb.
(The position of The Independent Is
now and alwa5's has been that the pub
lic should own all the public, utilities,
such as street railways, telegraphs, tel
ephones and railroads. It further be
lieves that when any combination be
comes a monopoly so that It can con
trol .production and regulate prices,
that there is power in the states and
general government to suppress it. To
exercise that power with force and ex
pediency that we should have the in
itiative and referendum.) -
- '- . ' I.
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