The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902, June 08, 1899, Page 3, Image 3

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    June 81899
10,000 Trial Treat menti
0 b. f It.O awt of the OEM! rtLT, CVBUB, whlcl
iu ha dmh over 25 jrari m a iiwciflo for ll kludi 0
lit iu tbt telltb, rrwcfc and ttmm trmiwi
Knd your ntmx and P. 0. edirM, dciorlptlon ol
Jlumnt and Jo. Muni for raturo mall. For SI a
ws will be Mot uu aevomanl.d bjr BoaiM. guar
Jiim is ear or refund th. moief. Aanrau 111.
MM MI0I0AL CO. SIS K. 14 SI UaaUaaU,
Coop.ratl Craewrlee In Ireland.
me New Zealand Dairyman Bays
Students of agricultural '60-eperatlon
Dave, In the present wave of that move.
ment which It passing over Ireland,
most Interesting study.- The war in
which co-operative butter factories
have extended is in strong contrast to
the complete apathy displayed by the
English dairy farmer in the same dl
rectlon. From a one-time prosperous
agricultural country the "Unhappy
Isle" had dwindled down In rural pop
ulatlon to such an extent that It seemed
M if they would ultimately be a mere
handful of people, barely enough to
tend cattle for John Bull to eat. With
the departure of so many of her beet
agriculturists to America and these
colonies the quality of her produce be
came woefully poor; in fact, things
were drifting Into each straits that it
was problematical what the end would
be. Some thoughtful Irishmen earn to
the rescue, however, and, binding them
selres together, preached co-operation
co-c-eretloo In every branch of the
farmer's business. , Success did not at
tend their efforts at first, and It was
not until fifty meetings bad been held
that an attempt was made by the
farmers to test the new doctrine. Ones
co-operation had proved Itself, how
ever. It rapidly spread; In fact so much
so that whereas in 1190 there was only
on co-operative factory, the number
had Increased to 138 at the beglnnlnf
: of last year. ,
The principal body at work Is tht
Irish Agricultural Organisation Socie
ty, which was formed In 1894, and. be
Ing Quite non-polltloal In Its objects.
men of all shades of opinion are on Its
cpamlttee. They nave sensibly laid
aside their differences in order to aid
their unfortunate countrymen. The
society employs about a dosen organ
Isers end experts, who are kept con
stantly at work lecturing, organising
and instructing. As the Hon. H.
Plunkett, writing on the subject In the
Mark Lane Express Almanac, says:
"They preach the doctrine of self-help
and show the farmers how they can
practically help themselves, and the
manly spirit of the people has wel
corned It In a wholesome reaction from
the other doctrine which lays all their
sins of impecunlosity upon the govern
Numerically 'the most important of
the societies are the co-operative
creameries. The establishment of these
has led to an enormous Improvement
In the quality of Irian butter, and the
suppliers have, as a result, obtained
fully 80 per cent more profit from their
cows than formerly. Then, of course,
the profits of the undertaking have
been also secured to the members, who
utilise their societies in many ways,
such, for Instance, as the wholesale
purchase of feeding stuffs, fertilisers
and Implements; also for the combined
sale of cattle, pigs, poultry and eggs
A few of them are establishing credit
societies and libraries as adjuncts.
Then a number of the creameries
formed a federation In 1893 to enable
them to more effectually control the
markets In their own Interests and to
establish a national brand of Irish
creamery butter,
I Car of Tork.y Coo pa.
A turkey hates to get Into her coop
at night unless It has been moved dur
lng the day, writes Miss B. J. Pine in
"Turkeys and How to Grow them." If
It is changed every day she soon re
gards It as a safe place to keep her
Mttle family over night. Should It rain
in the night, change It that It may be
clean for the day. Filth Is a deadly
foe to a young turkey In confinement
I have always kept my coops on the
ground. An experienced raiser who
has tried floors prefers the ground, as
It Is more natural and healthful. I
think It Is a good plan to keep a box
skunk trap set at night near the coops.
When the turkeys get large enough to
fly over a stone wall, they will wander
further away, and there Is danger from
hawks and foxes. 1 keep track of their
whereabouts as well as I ran. which
lakes ue outdoors no more than Is nec
essary for my good health. I have had
them to wild thai they have caused me
considerable trouble, but It was camel
by iBtriMlutlug hew bluud through
strange hens tuatead of the gobbler.
The Utter Is the better way.
Oetrti4r i'a.-The v kh lays an
Sf tmy third day. ego are
large, Mitf live lo U int-he through
the long dU.tu.ter, and welsh (run
tkrea la Ave pounds each. The ekrll
U iMually very thick. omeilnie im
attlevpta of aa l k. The ruat.itii
reusable that t( a ken's vg. aaJ
aotuuat la fwt laid uioca. Tae
prM ttf lticuUUa la erlt!f ghta
at t''W tMrtf.ikt ta (urtf (aiU)
an JouM dr.a U ut-m tu t Hai
ti if 4 utvlM'tit uf taw hu k. a
ev la t'aJIMfil U iMrtreli
i'i . Ike tu ii kU k till l k wJ
tn lit tke't 4 Wl It i
U ;iu ewrf ta a't t
tkkk in tfktM Ike .Vi!.
flute t'eet I. !ttaU Tt
.! "Ike .lailrwluiral t:if liut
MtiMa t 'ahtrtiiy tt liitewlt, I btt
.l, yfuHMa tt Nfetk 4 wf etf t
t i'tkrt with Itultuttiuae tM
rlai. free if ekarie ew l a Ue
etl U.i, Im teal lU of Ike Ul
fc aVeM k-ae ataiaU4 witk
Ike aaUie f Ik trvfc tad k IU
tera aai!i hi keelt U IM ff aa
el), nuilN l be lakea a'M4te
( i.ftiiv sal mm I t tke ttptti'
Kat !(.. alt tktfge treaald -
I kivemty tet Hiw
eolation la Horeebre.itlng
F. J. Berry says: "Notwithstanding
the great depression of 1893 to 1897,
while prices ruled so low that it drove
farmers and breeders nearly out of
the business, within the last year great
changes have come and breeding has
commenced in earnest, every one be
ginning to feel and realize the neces
sity of breeding and raising the best
quality of horses for the market, Car.
rlage and coach horses are as high as
they ever were; also the best grades of
heavy draft sell for as much money
as they did in high-priced times, with
a strong demand and good prices for
biocky, smooth horses from 1,100 up
While these great changes have been
going on di ring the last ten years,
the horse-breeding industry has been
entirely revolutionized. Since 1893 the
great expert demand has been Intro
duced for the best classes and quality
of American horses, and this demand
which has been the life of our trade
and has been a great outlet for our
horse mark, s, has at the same time
fixed a specific type and defined the
different classes that are In demand
for export horses, and as the Ameri
can demand has so changed through
the evolutions of the last ten years, or
since the early 90's, the same classes
that are in demand for export are the
only kinds that are profitable to raiss
xor American as well as export mar
kets. Thus the great evolut on of the
last ten years has changed the whole
norse-breedlng problem, and although
costly object leeson to farmers and
breeders of horses, it has sot been
altogether without Its benefits It has
tsugbt us a lesson. While in former
times breeding was done nromlscu
ously, , without proper consideration or
forethought of the kinds of horses the
market demanded, and In this way all
linos of horses were produced, from
the best down to the most worthless,
me smau and ordinary horses com
prised the larger per cent of the num
bers produced. The American horse
preeoers have bad a severe lesson. It
has taught them that every horse
should be, bred for a certain purpose
and of a certain type and of a speclflo
ciass, with an the size, shape and
quality that the market demands. The
small horse is a thing of the past It
has proven a failure and an unsatis
factory Investment The grade has
been raised every year during the last
few years, and each successive year
requires a larger horse and one of bet'
ter quality to meet the demands of the
market, and he must be a horse of his
own class and be an up-to-date market
The Treatment of Boas la England.
in ungiana tne brood sows are
usually given plenty of run on grass In
good weather; they have very little to
be called severe, so that practically the
nrooa sows run out most of the time,
This exercise and freedom give them
a very healthy, thrifty appearance, and
as a rule you find them right up on
tneir toes, strong on their legs and
regular breeders of two litters per
year, says a contributor to Swineherd.
The stock boars there are as a rule
kept in thinner condition than they
are in this country, and thinner than
their brood sows. Usually after a boar
nas been shown one season or seldom
more than two seasons he is reduced
down thin and turned In with sows
especially selected as being suitable to
breed to him. After those sows are
bred he Is put In a pen (or what they
call a sty), and kept on a low ration,
to at to not increase his flesh.' They
teem to depend more on "active con
dition" in their boars than they do in
"breeding boxes" (as we do here with
our heavy boars) hence the necessity
of keeping the boar as thin as possible,
so he may not be encumbered with
flesh in his duties at the head of the
breeding herd. And while speaking of
this way of using their herd boars,
we would also say we admire one fea
ture of tbelr breeding there, and that
when they find a sire that has
proved a good one and a producer of
winners, tbey keep him, instead of
changing sires every year, at to many
do in thlt country.
The Profitable Feeder. The charac
teristics that make the profitable feed
er are naturally more difficult to detect
In animals in stock condition than
when fattened, but notwithstanding
this there are a number of Indications
that are fairly reliable. Though the
young steer may be comparatively thin
In flesh and temporarily lacking the
thick, even covering of the bark and
ribs so eseatlal la tht finished tar-
rata, be must nevertheless present that
blocky frame and stoutness of build,
accompanied by short, straight legs.
wide tack and lota, well-sprung rtba,
fullneea bark of shoulders and ta
flanks, prominent brleket. full neck
vein, wide tht and well-rounded tar
ret, together a 1th a good, soft, mellow
handling ikla an I floe, silky kalr, gW-
!ag akal Is tef t4 the thlt k, motj
eiHl, without, and with It alt
gvu strung, vlsoruus head, tlear,
full tie, and quiet tHiftanint. Tke
Iwirtsact r-f aa etta roverlag of 8"fc
a l ftHHid kaa-UiNg aualli tan krd'y
t vrtlmid -I'rtil, f, Curtis,
'Big t guw . A t rr (!
Jrw iNfue at the OkUhou
i:i-ifl HutH mat g.ta t
tn lit. la iu wtkt, aa tttrase ut
! I l' 'Hv, I' mIi.4 UU llmt S
f tm pmi4 le k I ft lii. M la
it t!tt ! e.s M nia-l Ua f is
IU t4. hni M f V.. J,
Ike '4 m Ika Urtakiag teti hi.-
I If l rt ) a k.
( kUJa ly tee " ai ttafetanhtMl ta
tk Jm I adW Im Jttatt.!. Tke
Hrlaiva) ae alrk ag a4 altrw
Hie, ea-t autvitt I k war
t aid h i ta k lee tky
See M Ika wii4 kU4rae lkaj
Headauarters for Good Lumbe
ai iow prices.
F. W.
Pranlag and Transplanting- Tonus Traas
From Farmers' Review: A large
proportion of the trees fiat are lost
in resetting die because they have been
injured when they were taken up. Iu
digging up the trees the surface soil
should be removed to the root system,
then a trench dug around the tree out
Bide the mass of roots; then by cutting
under the roots with a sharp spade
on eaoh side, the tree may be loosened
from the soil with a good supply of
young, growing roo. If te tree
large, the treach mutt be made around
the roots to the depth of .the lowest.
and the roots gradually loosened and
freed from the soil. No matter bow
carefully a tree Is dag, ma -j of the
young feeding roots will be Injured
or destroyed. - Thus op'y a small
amount of sap can be surp'led to the
branches and buds, which trvtrtheless
continue to evaporate a large amrvat
of water; thus the tree often starts
very slowly, and sometimes falls en
tirely. By removing the branches and
buds in proportion to the Injury of the
roots a batanee is maintained. All In
jured roots should be cut off clean
with a knife, and the wounds of large
roots should be painted over with some
waterproof covering. When trees are
planted the roots should have a line,
mellow, bed of soil, which should be
pressed firmly in contact with every
liber, leaving no air space around them,
and all should be spread out la nat
ural position. The soil should be
pressed very firmly around all the
roots, so that the new roots will be
encouraged to make a rapid growth
It the soil In which the tree Is planted
is the sams as. the one from which it
is taken, the tree should be set the
same depth as It was before it was re
moved. If the soil It heavier, the tree
thould be shallower; if lighter, it
should be placed deeper. The surface
of the soli which it over the roots
should be line and light, because the
capllarlty is then broken up and the
moisture cannot escape.
The Lost Crop.
From Farmers' Review: The los
ing of this year's crop may not be an
unmitigated calamity to tbe fruit
grower. If be glvet hit orcnardt tne
right kind of treatment, In a year
from now lie will tee that tbey will be
in better condition for further bearing
than they would have been had they
been allowed to go on and bear tbelr
usual heavy crop. But this will large
ly depend upon how the orchard It
managed, and there are a number of
things that must be attended to. '
First all the dead wood mutt be cut
away, and tome that Is not dead, in
order that tbe remaining parts of the
tree may be able to make a more vig
orous start in tbe spring.
Second, all the pruned-off wood.
whether In the orchard or small fruit
plantation, should be burned to de
stroy any Insect or disease that may
infect It .
Third, the spraying mutt not be
abandoned became the crop hat fail
ed. Begin in time and tpray Jutt as
faithfully at though expecting a big
crop of fruit Spraying Is likely to be
very effective this year, If the direc
tions on pruning and burning are car
ried out, because the parts of the tree
carrying the diseases and insects have
been largely destroyed. There will be,
consequently, fewer enemiea left to
Fourth, the cultivation should be
thorough and good. This Is necessary In
order that the tree may have sufficient
food supply for the vigorous growth
which It should make.
These attentions are all necessary
to assist tbe tree In Its recuperation.
Kedsle's Ppraylng Mixture. The
spraying mixture formula by Profes
sor Kedsle of the Michigan agricul
tural college is as follows: Boll two
pounds of white arsenic and four
pounds of salsoda for fifteen minutes
In two gallons of ws'er. Put Into a
Jug and label "poison." and lock It up.
When you wish to spray slake two
pounds of lime and stir It Into forty
gallons of water, adding a pint of the
mixture from the Jug. The mixture U
the Jng will roet 43 een , and this Is
enough for too gallons or SO barrels of
apray. These 20 barrel will require
40 pounds of time, whlci. will cost to
rents more, making the total coal IS
eeata for SO barrels, or V-i cents per
iwauty as Well as Prt.ftt-1 tktak
nsay pple " f? or'ai pleasure la
cu)tHail. their gardr b a'i
Ikty rr their plants only from a
huetee standpoint, and da nut spare
elate them aa ttlcts of beauty. A
loag at it ftttte but ItlMa, Ut a 4!it
tate Ike Me foe tke btiitfil. or the
e.tketU of our aatura. While
prkp Ike tuiwl (tf u In ut; war k or
Utw and efds t tka uftisl
bRint, t we atar ofta. when 'at
Int fur Hull. Ua that It ai'l t
rf4kaul ia eurece. We shtlt
ft mure ea raal frt mt wurk.
aad euf D'a wilt k bltf f ktilul
talUt4 a latie fv tka koautitui aa t
attftla I saUf-MlhUaa I'sra
(Iraftiei IMum a4 hrrlra ) 4
N trarted a la Mana a il taa
a a.., rHWat ul the a'tet
iaat Mixaa. I hat. trafe4 la ta
rrar aad tka air r Uiw
i.m altrarl ApvLe eaa h 'ati4
later. t WM Ike Ii4t start J.
r DtD rn
Ion won't be ashamed of shirts' you
boy here. They'll e righ in the height
ol style, and they'll wear a long time.
We offer one lot of shirts bought at 60o
on ine aouar, which were made to sell
75c; sale price, each 3Q0
Our regular 78c Laundered Shirts with
5 attached and detached collart, A7a
, sale price, each..... .U I U
fl.OO Laundered Shlrto with and with-
onyollars, sale price, OCO
Lot 1 Worth up to lie per yard; Ija
sale price, per yard I V
Lot 2-Worth up to 18o
Lot 8 Worth up to $5o per
yaro; sate price per yaro.,
In offering to oar customers The New
Idea Pattern, we do so feeling that the
saving to them of from 10 to 90 cents
on a paper pattern Is something that
will be appreciated, ana aiso win ne re
cognised as In keeping with onr general
kiMliuu nnllflinar nf tnrnlahlnir nnf
customers with tbe greatest valus we
can for ths lowest prioe. New Idea Pat
term, ail teiuor, any etyie, any in
ties ........ I WW
981 O Stroot, OppoDito PostoHlco,
For one 7eelr wo will ofibr Ilon'o
Wheelo at reduced prices. Wo havo
$ 7 CA ONE Second-hand AJAA
Jv wheel in good repair.
Clfl AA whave 2 2d-hand wheels
PlloUU at this figure, in good repair.
CI C A A One new wheel at this price.
towweewe eeeeee
, ! irs a Winner.
1124 6
' a
I Q -L
I rir 1 . i
At Prices That Will Make Your Heart Glad.
None better, no matter bow much you ' .
fny, Monthly Fashion Shoot can be had
HEi at our store.
i . Percale. ' .
Madras Goth.
and Gingham.
25 pieoet 83 inob Percale, regular 7o,
sAlt) rloe. CA
per yard.. VV
88 Plw5M Perca'lne Franealse, a full yd.,
wide, extra fine, regular A 1 Oa
lie, sale price, per yd eeeeaetee
13 pieces Bclndle Madras Cloth, regular
18)40, sale price, - lift
per yard .1........... I IU
80 pieces French Gingham, regular lOo,
p....:.. 0 3-40
75c Hammocks,
i. i
- mmtm uri.................. ............
fl.OO Hammocks,
sals price.
'.... ..........M.lia.f t.tfim,..,
$1.95 Hammocks,,
sais pnoe...
$1.75 Hammocks,
sale price,
Regular price $9.35, $8.00 and $4.00 at
Cf.CO 02.70 6 JJ3.C0
34 pairs kid laee ladles shoes, tan, pat
snttlpooln toe, 2 to 8, revnlar $3,
per pair
97 naira ladles kid. laee and button.
stock and patent tip, eoia toe, to
t up, i
7, regular $2.60, sals price,
lA naJr Udlea kid. tan. stock tin. coin
toe. broken lots. regular ftt JA
$8, sals price, per pair... PfisW
Complete Hoe of Ladles' Optra slippers
and Lace Oxforde. 'anjrto in pilot
irom............... .tri itii
Lincoln Steel Itee
aad W. foar de a aa4 taanly WareaateJ the
tntwl irte e4tkii suit laade. e ae la haal
et,i4 t.uwd fat WvW4 i4,aad liae evry Aaage
ill) aebaetus) a4 tie), ahiea aka tt laHMMihai to
eel Irs ta tear I e. laey are aa laa. alir !,
asp-taMlata ta rtkf aad 4at:. tall akkat irisaawai,
H aut taa say i4 u4 la! aiU laat 0 lN
v4 amtr, ewJ4 aa ati, Te
kt e e!i la ai taa Mae ttm aiatm."
It uaf aWe tit al kaa4l kat he
ekaa gra taiaiaka. Vlrtwi ta aa aad
aul i-rvtkka a eaj ut hi Ut l ee al
reMHaakM elm
UtickiuM Dros, Mfj. Co
f alrmtite hae Uda.(ry-aaia la Hheat
lav WMef M tttKiaka UiSsMaw lUakt
aavl Kifetaae CwsMMea at li4a, asd
aaaaie aa.e haea Man4al ak
-tttaa Vm Uv4 aad eWlaeraai Uatlw
Assortment somewhat broken, bit
still a good many tlses left; vetyebeap.
Child's lace Osforde, 5, 6ft , for fA
only, per palr...,..........w.....N... w J
Child's laee Oxforde and Strap laadrle.
black and tan, rlf
a pair eeeeeetteteeesetetteefee W w
biases' laee Oxfords and Strap z3'.s,
blaok and tan, r-a
A ptlJrs tte ettt4eeMMMeeeeM4teeti'- V W1 wsf
Cadlta'laot Oxfords, 3 to i, were
$1.85 to $1.75, no.., T'W
pair V w J
Meo'eOr. Congress spring heel plow
shoes at reduoed prloes.
men's piow pace, a oompieM assort
If you could have the goods tcf-i
yon as yon read these prices, yoo wo-J
get aa nndentandlng of what Is feofj
offered, ;
95 dosen Child's ribbed hose, food q-rJ
ity, sale prior, f'l
per palr.................................m....C J
60 dosen child's seamless, doable best
and tos, 5 to 9, regular 8 l-8e, tn
sale price, per pair ............ I U
80 dosen child's hose, doable ktse, 8 to
. W,..0 1-C3
Lincoln. ITobrccIri
tla. . Ac.
We will sell a limited num
ber $27.50 wheels at $22.50
TQ A A A As a leader, a few Issperbh
4a)U.UU fitted with G.J.Tlfcs.
tjor AA We have one new pattern
4) J JeUU 30-in. wheel at this price.
c D.nifTffs his. nth st
Ttath etlrMteJ vlteoat t-aia, ,
1'iteealaia I'UH
iUM t'rwaaa aad vatfc.
tla adatlataterwl ur tka
tiaWaestraetkMi 4 teeth.
MulTwtk, X
AH vwk rraatt.
V i fear' tiriees
Lincoln tlcbraslia
eiii.iiiijiipiiiiiiiii.jijeiiwiiji.i.iiiiiii 1 iiiiMiuijiiiiiiiiiJiiiiiii.iHiiaiij.iiiiajta
W4.I an II. I ta4 lailiea
tritt Dili K IV, May t-l taaa
Iwmts ae 1 1 1. a4 a ywwaat krwtVee,
alUrea f traaH ll, a tiurUaa
la tie mtliwwr, tea wa-Ur aervaV
tke f(r koiagi tkarg4 alt taaeder
lf k. fatkee. gSa aWk htaa Urvma-v
Ik h4 aktta k aWpi laa taaa
eiw.l tj ki rij, H Uta-1
aa! f atal ted taaek t lk la