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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (July 9, 1896)
July 9, 1896.
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT.
The Great Debate on the Crete Chau
tauqa Ground W.J. Bryan vs.
J P. Irish.
The day was lovely, clear and bright.
cool and comfortable. - The great attrac
tion was the Bilver debate between
Bryan and Irish. Surely the silver ques
tion is not "dying out", at least not in
Lincoln as ten car loads of hearers to
the grounds, Saturday morning, attes
ted. Other trains came loaded from dif
ferent parts of the state until the vast
throng numbered many thousands.
Loug before the hour for the debate the
vast auditorium was filled from the cen
ter.far out beyond the seats and standing
room was at a premium.
The two political combatants were on
hand at the moment looking hail and
hearty. Each first complimented the
other as beiug a foeman worthy of his
steel. Bryan led and laid the founda
tion of his argument deep and well, lie
said the free coinage men wanted some
thing and they specified what they wan
ted, and it was no new thing, no experi
ment, it had been tried and worked well
for thousands of years. The other side
simply opposed having it. It was clear
that nine-tenths of the crowd were with
the first speaker in sentiment. Without
doubt, if a large porportion had been
Wall street bankers the ci.eering would
have been for the other mau and the sen
timents he uttered. The man who was out
of debt and bad the means of producing
his own living and that of his family was
not effected either way but the man who
was in debt must work twice as hard to
gather up twice as much wealth to pay
his interest or his debt, while the man to
whom the debt is due gets twice as much
as belongs to him. The gold dollar in
creases in value because it has to fill the
place of silver and gold both. Double
demand always increases price.
Mr. Irish's argument was, that statu
tory law could not override natural law,
that of Bupply and demand, but he did
not tell us why the gold bugs chose to
trust statutory law in 1873. They were
not willing to trust nature then. Now,
of cou rse, after the th roat of the sil ver dol
lar had been cut they are willing to let
nature do the healing. The McKinley
republicaus did not cheer when Mr. Irish
stigmatised international bimetallism
"a myth." And yet thousands will vote
the republican ticket believing the myth.
The debate was the most enjoyable,
intellectul combat we ever witnessed.
There was nothing to drape or mar in
the least. Both sides sparkled with wit
and overflowed with eloquence. Our fel
low townsman lost nothing by compari
son with the Pacific coast.
We had a talk with one of the twenty
three reporters and sub-editors on the
Chicago Times Herald, one of the great
republican journals. He told me that
not one of the twenty-three would vote
for McKinley on the gold platform, and
yet tbey all had to minify silver and -silver
news and exalt McKinley and his
platform or lose their places. This is
but another proof that editors have to
dance when outside powers pull the
string. Not a man connected with the
three great 'dailies of Lincoln dare to
express his own honest opinion, or even
Never have we voted for a democratic
president or felt any great interest in a
democratic convention until now. The
Chicago convention is a matter of deep
interest this year. It is to be one of the
first skirmishes in the second great civil
war in the United States. The common
people for freedom aud equality before
the law on one side and the moneyed
slave driver on the other. The great
Waterloo is to follow. Already the air
is filled with blood-curdling threats and
howling prophecies of what they will do
and what dire calamity will follow. Po
litical ghosts with gold plated paws are
pulling the chesnuts out of the fire for
Wall street. Let-'em-pull.
Already the picture is hung upon the
wall: McKinley is defeated; Cleveland has
sent the navy into the Chinese sea; all
the guns and ammunition from the wes
tern forts are piled up on Wall street and
the picture is not yet done. How many
honest farmers will scare at such pictures.
One republican tells us that free coinage
will flood the country, knee deep, and
money will become.like confederate scrip,
worthless. Another tells us it will drive
all the gold out and we will have no
money to da business with and such a
panic will come as the world never
dreamed of. One tells us that we must
have the gold standard to facilitate
foreign trade and build up American
commerce. Another we must have a
high protective tariff to cut off foreign
1 trade at home. Then the doctrines of
high protection and reciprocity are
mixed. One means tax every body who
buys any thing abroad, the other means
we will let any nation trade with us free
that will let us trade with them free.
The moneyed men are not fools. They
know that if silver is reinstated in its
old place that the dollar will go down
and every species of property will go up.
Hence every loose dollar will be put into
property as soon as the election indicates
that silver is to take the throne. At
once confidence will be restored, but not
of the John Sherman kind, business will
move on and good times will settledown
over the country. H. W. Hardy.
Senator Teller made a Fourth of July
address in Denver which was pure popu
lism from beginning to end. The follow
ing are extrac.s from it:
"If somebody tells you that you want
a bigger tariff, let me tell you that you
have got a bigger tariff now than you
had under the republican tariff of 1683.
You have not got now a democratic tar
iff; you have a tariff for protection and
not for revenue. You all know it is not
a question of tariff; it is a question of
the monetary system."
"Pray will somebody tell me if it is
not the financial system that is at fault,
what is it? You prospered under a tar
iff less favorable than this. You carried
on a great war in which you took from
the ranks of industry more thau three
millions of men, and yet had prosperity
such as you have not got toduy and
such as no intelligent statesman can
hope for until the financial system shall
be revised. (Applause.)
"The skies have been as bountiful, the
seasons as seasonable, but yet in this fa
vored land of ours there is discontent,
there is want and there is distress. Grant
that this will always exist in every coun.
try under the sun: grant that they exist
iu other countries to a degree greater
than here, but I deny tonight that there
is any just or reasonable cause existing
in nature for the present distress, the
present discontent, the present prevail
ing want of employment or profitable
opportunities for the people (applause)
expt in the vicious legislation that has
existed in this country concerning our
monetary system fortbelast twenty odd
"I believe that liberty is safer in the
hands of the hardy sons of toil than it is
in the hands of any other class of Amer
ican men. It has ever been so and it
will ever be so; to that class of men we
must look for the final preservation of
the liberties of the people."
L,dts of Them Leaving.
Caldwell, Neb., June 29, 1896.
Editor Independent: I write you be
cause I am pleased to see that the paper
has taken a stand for Henry M. Teller.
I heard a democrat say that Teller was
his choice to lead the party to victory.
Teller and Butler would create a cyclone
that would knock' out the gold bugs.
Butler would carry the south and Teller
I have just been to Alliance, Nebraska.
Lots of men there have left the demo
cratic and republican parties and say
that they want to vote this fall for a
free silver ticket. I left the republican
party four years ago because it was for
the gold standard. John Ray.
Not McKinley but Hanna.
McKinley himself is neither strong
enough nor weak enough to be dauger
ous. The agencies behind him are what
make him a menace to the well being of
the republic. The millionaires who ex
tricated him from a bankruptcy have
kept him iu their clutches in a fashion
which brings him only discredit. They
would make him president not for his
sake, but for their own. He owes to
them an allegiance, a duty which he can
not ignore. If he be installed in the
White House, Hanna and his associates
will abide there also. New York. Jour
nal. One of the Old Guard.
Warren Foster, who has been nomina
ted for congress by the populists of Utah
.Ilk. A..1. . I.. Lr 4-n
WU UUW Ui LUD liiou U1CU 111 IXUUOUO LU
break away from the republican party.
T . 11- 1 1 A 1 til? i"1 ii - L
lie estaousnea tne Alliance uazette an
Hutchinson in 1890. In 1894 he visited
Utah and made the first people's party
speech ever delivered in Salt Lake City.
A few months later he established the
Inter-Mountain Advocate in that city,
the first true-blue populist paper pub
lished in the then territory.
Mr. Foster is one of the best cam
paigners in the west.
Duty of the Populist Party.
The Beacon insists that the populist
party ought to adopt its own platform
and nominate candidates at St. Louis
regardless of what any other party may
do. If the democrats are patriotic
enough to nominate some man likeSena
tor Teller, the populist can afford to be
magnanimous, but if the democrats make
no concessions and nominate some old
line democrat, then the plain duty of the
populists is to let them severely alone in
their forlorn hope. Custer county Bea
con. Good Bye Old Party.
The Detroit Tribune, which repudiated
the republican platform adopted at St.
Louis, says: "The platform on the only
important issue before- the country is
damnably unpatriotic and unrepubli
can." The Tribune has been the leading
republican paper of the state for years
and it now advises "active campaigning
against gold monometallism congres
St. Louis Headquarters.
The Reform Press association will es
tablish headquarters at the St. James
hotel, opposite the Southern, during the
national convention iu St. Louis. The
St. James will also be made headquar
ters for Missouri, Arkansas, Nebraska
and several other state delegations. The
uniform rate for rooms and board is
$2 per day.
Oh t What a Fool t
Canton, Ohio, June 26 Today Chas.
Elmore Smith of Philadelphia and Chris
McGee of Pittsburg are here and the
matter of the advisory committee was
discussed with them. Mr. McDougall
said: "There is but one issue and that
is the tariff."
Don't Scare Worth a Cent.
Repudiation and national credit will
frighten the people about as much as the
campaign cry in Nebraska two years
ago. They said: "Elect ilolcomb and
the state will lose its credit. Holcomb
was elected and state warrants and city
bonds are worth more than ever, York
The Women Wake Up.
At the Colorado state convention held
Denver July 6, a state association of
populist women was formed, after the
order of the Woman's association of
Denver. The members of the association
are expected to increase the liveliness of
the campaigning all over the state.
Sergeant-at-Arms J. II. McDowell and
his assistants are hard at work arrang
ing details for the national convention.
Everything necessary for the comfort of
delegates and visitors will be provided
and from the present outlook the attend
ance will be enormous.
"Tlie Battle of the Standards," by
Senator Henry M. Teller and James fl.
Teller, is a new book on the silver side of
the money question just issued by the
Schulte Publishing Co., of Chicago which
promises to have a very wide sale.
An Old Patriot Dies.
Lyman Trumbell, the eminent jurist,
ex-senator from Illinois and great pop
ulist, is dead.
HERE ARE TRUE POPULISTS.
Resolutions Adopted by the Dawet
County Populist Convention
We call the attention of the voters of
Dawes county to the flagrant violation
of law by w hich nearly $ 4000 of the pub
lic money is lost to the people. For four
years the public funds of Dawes county
have been deposited in banks contrary
to the law and without interest to the
people. When a deficit occurred and one
of these banks was no longer able to
meet its liabilities, when in fact the
money was gone, then a depository
bond was taken to secure the money
that was not there, which bond is now
being fought in the courts by the men
who signed it as illegal. We place the
blame for this transaction where It be
longsupon republican officials of this
We reaffirm our adherence to the prin
ciples of the Omaha platform, and de
clare that we are unalterably opposed to
any abandonment of the same.
We favor a union in one party, under
one flag, of all the forces opposed to
bank monopoly, gold standard and
bonds. This uuion cannot be had in
either the democratic or republican
parties, for they have proven false to
the people. We favor instructing the
Nebraska delegates to the St. Louis con
vention to vote for the nomination of
no candidate for president who holds al
legiance to old party organizations.
We commend the brave and patriotic
course of Senator Henry M. Teller of Col
orado, and of his colleagues, in breaking
old party ties for the sake of principle,
and hail their example as one to be fol
lowed by millions.
We declare that the demonetization of
silver in 1873 was not merely a senti
mental crime, but an express breach of
the constitution, and as such, an act of
political treason against the American
people, and that the names of the men
who secretly planned aud secretly exe
cuted it, as well as the later traitors who
now endeavor to perpetuate it, ought to
be embalmed with that of Jeff Davis in
the public execration; that the money
plank of the St. Louis republican con
vention is an unblushing and graceless
surrender to foreign influence and alien
interests of aristocracy, disloyal to
American free institutions and aimed as
a deadly blow at the supremacy of the
American people among the nations of
We favor a restatement of the finan
cial plank of the Omaha platform so
that it shall express with axiomatic cer
tainty the true principles of monetary
science as adapted to the constitution,
namely: that gold and silver shall be
coined at the ratio of 16 to 1 and treated
by law and by every deDartment of the
government on terms of exact equality;
that the entire circulating medium, gold
silver and paper, shall be issued directly
by the government, and all of such cir
culation shall have equal legal tender
We refer with deepest satisfaction and
pride to the faithful public service and
record of Senator H G. Stewart, and we
unanimously urge his nomination for
congress from the sixth district, and our
delegates to the congressional conven
tion are hereby instructed to vote in said
convention as a unit and to support his
candidacy to the last.
Our fellow citizen, Captain J. J. Adams,
is our unanimous choice for delegate
from this district to the national con
Word From the Workers.
Besides the single subscriptions, the
following parties sent in clubs for the
week ending July 2.
B. N. Cleveland Fremont, 4.
Frank B. Hubbard Irvington, 12."
J. C. Leonardson Brandon, 5. v
J. A. Oriffes Braidentown, Fla., 4.
J. S. Hutton Stuart. 5.
Charles Williams Ashland, 2.
Daniel Brown Utica, 8.
B. N. Cleveland Fremont, 4.
J. S. Freeman Columbus, 4.
F. A. Wirsig Taylor, 2.
For the week ending July 9:
J. W. Ireland Shickley, 4.
, J. F. Carrell Monmouth, III., 2.
H. F. Cooper Guide Rock, 8.
J. II . Dorsey Arborville 2.
- Paul G. Meyer North Platte, 2.
Tom Quinn Oxford, 3.
D. W. Lanterman Broken Bow, 10.
T. W. Eaton Arapahoe, 3.
Tpkamah, Neb., May 30, '96.
Editor Independent: I wish you
would answer this question through
your paper: Did the Harrison adminis-
tration prepare to issue bonds? If so,
what for .Republicans in my neighbor
hood claim that bonds were not thought
oi until I leveland took the chair.
mean those gold bonds that we hear bo
much about. lours truly,
G. M. Austin.
Answer Bonds were printed before
Harrison went out of office. Secretary
Foster went before a committee and tes
tified that under the McKinley law there
would be a deficitof $50,000,000. John
Sherman introduced a bill to issue bonds,
The whole matter was discussed and all
the official documents printed in the In
dependent of March 26 and June 4, to
which Air. Austin is referred.
The Only Way.
The name of . Henry M. Teller presents
the only possible solution of the problem
how to get the free silver forces together
this year. Signal-Recorder.
Is absolutely essential to health. It is Impos
sible to get it from so-called " nerve tonics "
and opiate compounds. They have tempo
rary, sleeping effects, but do not CUKE. To
have pure blood and good health, take
Hood's Sarsaparllla, which has first, last,
and all the time, been advertised as Just
what it is the best medicine for the blood
ever produced. In fact,
Is the One True Blood Purifier. All druggists. t.
mm , r'ii assist Digestion and cure
rlOOa S PUIS Constipation. 26 cents.
People's Slate Nominating Convention.
A state nominating convention f the
People's Independent Party of Nebraska
will meet at the city of Hastings, Ne
braska, on Weduesday, Aug. 5th, at. 10
o'clock a. m., for the purpose of placing
in nomination candidates for the follow
ing state offices, viz.:
Secretary of State.
Auditor of Public Accounts.
Superintendent of Public Instruction.
Commissioner of Public Lands and
One Judge of the Supreme Court t
One Judge of the Supreme Court 2
One Regent of the State University to
Eight (8) Presidential Electors.
And to transact such other business as
may properly come before the conven
tion. Each county will be entitled to one de
legate at large and one additional delft
gate for each one hundred votes, or
majority fraction thereof, cast at the
general election of 1895 for Samuel Max
well, for judare of the supreme court,
which gives the following representation
Adams ...n jodsrson a
Aiitulope.. 11 Johnson 7
Bnuoer 1 Kearney 11
Blaine 1 Keith , X
Hoon IS Kwya fall a.,. S
Box Butte 6 Klmhall 3
Boyd 8 Knox .......12
Brown II Lancaster 27
Buffalo 10 Lincoln It
Bnrt l.oitan i
Bntler 14 l.nup 2
Cass 14 MmllBon 11
Cedar..,.. 9 Md'herson 1
Chase 3 Mwrlclt
Cherry 8 Nance 9
Cheyenne..... 4 Nemaha IS
Clav 14 Nuckolls 12
Colfax Otoe 12
Cuming 7 Pawnee 8
Custer IS Perkins 8
Dakota R I'helps 13
Dawes...,. 8 I'ieres 8
Dawson 14 l'latte 12
Deuel 8 Polk 18
Dixon Red Willow 9
Dodge IS Richardson 7
Dontclas 4a Hock S
Dnndy 4 Saline 10
Fillmore 14 Sarpy 8
Franklin 9 Saunders 21
Frontier 9 Ncotts Bluff., 2
Furnas 11 Reward ..........10
Oaire 14 Sheridan 9
Garfield.... B Sherman 7
Gosper ... 8 Sioux 2
Grant 2 Stanton 4
Greeley...., 8 Thayer 8
Hall 14 Thomas 1
Hamilton 18 Thurston 3
Harlan 10 Valley 8
Haves 8 Washington 8
Hitchcock 8 Wayne , S
Holt 13 Webster 10
Hooker 1 Wheeler 8
Howard V York .....14
It is recommended that no proxies be
admitted, but that the delegates present
cast the full vote to which their respect
ive counties are entitled.!
By order of the State Central Com
mittee. J. A. Edgeuton,
F.D. Eager, Chairman.
POPULISTS STAND FIRM.
There will be no Prosperity While Banks
of Issue Exist.
Violet, Neb., July 4, 1896
H.D1TOK independent: These are
times that try men's souls and certainly
call for" a remedy.
Gradually prices have tended down
ward for twenty-five years until today.
No one is safe in making the least effort
in business of any kind. Debts are on
the increase while commodities calculat
ed .to pay them are decreasing in price.'
Money, the medium for exchanging
values has been so monopolized that to
obtain a sufficient amount of it requires
an enormous quantity of labor or its
product to make the exchange. For ex
ample, suppose ray taxes in 1885 were
$100. At that time an ordinary horse
woule bring enough money to exchauge
for the tax. Today the expenses of gov
ernment being no less the price of horses
being one-filth of that of 1885 it takes
five horses to pay the tax. Thus I am
compelled to exert myself five times as
much or do five times as much labor in
order to have the protection of a gov
ernment with no better advantages while
the official whose compensation is fixed,
is getting equal to five times the value
by such an exchange, because the f 100
horse is not capable of producing any
more tnan one of the five exacted of me.
When the president's salary was made
f 50,000 a year it would buy 25,000
bushelsaol wheat: today it will buy 100,
000 or four times as much and and a
bushel of wheat now will make just as
much bread as before the salary was in
creased. The utility or intrinsic value
in wheat remains the same, while the pur
chasing power of the exchange has quad
rupled. What has made it so? My an
swer is legislation. First by contracting
or destroying greenback money. Second
crippling silver by making gold alone
the measure of exchange. Third by in
creasing the power of national banks,
giving them the control of all circulation.
These banks associate and so manipu
late currency as to defy their creators
and ruin industry.
Now Mr. Editor, I am a populist and
while I am willing to join hands with all
who ask the free coinage of silver at the
present ratio, I am of the opinion that
national banks of issue stand directly
in the way, and unless abolished and all
money issued under control of the gov
ernment, the end is no nearer. Let us
have gold, silver and Government paper,
in sufficient amount to carry on trade in
cash. iNo contracting, no exnandins be
yond a healthy circulation, no bonds
and a protection that will protect labor
as well as manufacturer and prosperity
It is very cunning in the republicans
to jot the workingmen on the back with
a protective tariff that protects the man
ufacturer, yet at the same time allows
the Itallian to come free and take the
place of the laborer and the western
democrats may think it cunning to cry
silver while yet upholding national
Populist stand firm. Now is the try
ing time. Nerve for the conflict: Swerve
neither to the right or left. Go to St.
iiOins determined to uphold principle
and we must win. Cater to the wiley
enemy and disaster will as surelv follow.
Strangled iudustry is waitinir. Christ
ianity Is praying for men full of patriot
ism and wisdom. W. C, Starkey.
Consumers Purchasing agency, will buy
anything you want at cheapest possible
price. I). Clem Deaver,
Room 9 Granite blk., Omaha, Neb.
Portiere and Wall Paper That Will Cow
tribute to m Cool Effect.
New furnishings are the most effec
tive balm to apply to the wounded spir
its of the family after spring renova
tions have had their uncomfortable
sway, says the New York World.
After all the disagreeable cleaning that
may be considered necessary has been
gone through with nothing so obliter
ates the painful memory as a few suc
cessful efforts to give a cool, summer
ish air to a well-scrubbed house. If
the old furniture was shabby, so much
the better. That gives scope for entire
refurnishing. And the furnisher who
really knows what she is about may ar
range charming summer rooms with no
violation whatever of her strictly eco
nomical principles. A cool sitting
room or library should not be carpeted
during the summer months, If ever. If
the floor Is such as to admit of it a few
rugs are the best covering. Otherwise
plain denim, blue or green, answers the
purpose surprisingly well. Heavy por
tieres and lace window curtains should
be speedily banished. Denim, white
bordered, comes again Into play and
makes wonderfully pretty curtains.
With hangings of this sort there Is a
new style of furniture, the woodwork
of which resembles wedgewood, that is
exceedingly pretty. It Is enameled In
either green or blue, with small raised
figures In white, and the upholstering
should be of some simple, durable cot
For a large morning-room or a ve
randa nothing makes such an attractive
substitute for rattan aa the green, rush
furniture. It is artistic as well as r-ool-looklng
and has the further merit of
being quite new. Bright cushions,
which are bo useful to throw about on
chairs and lounges of rattan, are pret
tiest when covered with Persian or In
dian stuff. Pillows covered with
meerut, an Indian, cotton, may be ob
tained In the large furniture shops for
$1 each, and will be found to wear quite
as long as those made of more costly
materials. Wall papers are coming In all sorts of
pretty flowered patterns and when
wisely chosen may be made more deco
rative than any other article of fur
nishing. - Plain cartridge papers are,
however, most appropriate for rooms
that aru at all massively furnished, and
artlstlo decorators still cling to dark
red paper as the best background for
pictures and setting for the entire dec
oration of the room.
A Question ot Contrast.
"Hot, sir?" said the engine driver,
with what might have been either a
shiver or a shrug. "No, sir, I don't
think this hot; warm, maybe, but hot
"Well," I panted, "I should like to
know what you would call hot it this is
only warm. Why, here's the mercury
climbing up into the hundred and twen
ties, the leaves are scorching on the
trees and there isn't a breath of wind
or a drop of cool water on earth. Real
ly, I don't think you'll find much hotter
weather than this at least not in this
"But I have had it," he said, a trifle
testily, as though he didn't quite like
the allusion. "Why, I was driving an
engine once on a 6tretch . of line in
South America where it was so hot that
we used to throw the furnace door open
and stand up close to it so as to get
that side of us cool cool by contrast,
sir. Good day!"
Then he sauntered off, whistling soft
ly, and climbed into the cab of his
engine, presumably to have a warm.
Deer Iceboat Ball Ends In Capture.
Early one morning recently Oscar
Pinkham and James McGuire, two
young men of Dover Point, while walk
ing on the beach near the residence of
the former, discovered a half-grown
deer sitting on a cake of ice and leis
urely floating down the Piscataqua
river. As soon as they recovered from
their surprise they gave chase and with
assistance succeeded, after much effort,
in launching a boat from the ice-bound
shore. The deer was soon forced to
take to the short on the Newington
side, but a sudden Impulse again
changed his course and for a second
time he took to the icy water of the
river, this time to be captured with the
assistance of other boatmen in the vi
cinity. The animal is now on exhibi
tion at the residence of Hon. Woodbury
Langdon, in Fox Point, in Newington,
and bears his strange experience and
captivity well. Portsmouth (N. H.)
The New Version.
New York Editor See here! don't
you know executions by electricity are
the law now?
New Man Certainly.
"Then, sir, what do you mean by us
ing this old-time, chestnutty, moldy
quotation: Give a rogue rope enough
and he will hang himself?' What do
you mean, sir? We are not living in
the middle ages."
"What substitute would you sug
gest?" "Say, 'Let a rogue go on shocking
society and he will get shocked him
self.' "New York Weekly.
Patriots are not made by parade and
fustian, by impassioned applause ot
stock Jingo sentiments and supersti
tious obeisance to any symbol. The
roots of true patriotism are the prin
ciples of honor, manliness and Justice.
To cultivate these in the public school
is of more value than to raise the flag
over it Rev. Frank Crane.
More Than Home Comforts.
Tommy (surprised) Why, papa, I
thought that one spoonful of sugar was
always enough for my coffee t Tommy's
Papa This is a restaurant, my son.
Take all the sugar you want Grand
GOLD ERA IN SOUTH AFRICA.
The Telegraph Ha Advanced Even
More Speedily Than the Railway.
In measuring the advance of a new
country we look naturally In the first
place to the development of its publio
works, says the Nineteenth Century.
The establishment of the gold industry
on the Randt has proved a most effect
lve stimulus to railway construction in
South Africa. To-day Johannesburg
built on land which in 1S86 was part ot
an absolutely barren waste is ap
proached by three distinct lines which
connect it directly with the four chief
ports of South Africa Delagao Bay,
Durban, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town
and of these lines, the earliest, which
traverses the Free State from end to
end and links the Randt with the Cape
Colony, was not opened until July,
1892. The Pretorla-Delagoa Bay line
was completed in the autumn of 1894,
and the extension of the Randt railway
to Charlestown, the connecting point
with the Natal line, was only effected
a few months ago. These, together
with some subsidiary lines, represent
a total of 1,000 miles of railway con
structed mainly under the stimulus ot
the gold industry in the Transvaal.
To this total two considerable pieces
of railway construction, accomplished
in the Interest of the gold industry
in the Chartered company's territories,
must be added. Of these, the first ex
tended the main trunk line ot Africa
from Kimberley successively toVryburg
and Mafeking, in 1890 and 1894, and
the second, the Beira line, by securing
a rapid passage through the "fly coun
try," brought Salisbury Into easy com
munication with the east coast of Af
rica at the port so named. Taken to
gether, they measure 342 miles. It
should be added also that the extension
of the trunk line from Mafeking to
ward Buluwayo is in process of con
struction. To have driven 1,350 miles
of railway in six years is a remarkable
achievement for a country in which the
European population is still consider
ably under three-quarters of a million,
and which has not hitherto been char
acterized by the rapidity of its prog
ress. The telegraph has advanced fur
ther and more speedily than the rail
way. Here the chief gain has been
in the vast regions northward of Lim
popo, opened up by the Chartered com
pany. The wires were carried from
Mafeking to Victoria in December,
1891; they reached Salisbury, 819 miles
beyond Mafeking, in February, 1892,
and to-day telegraphic communication
has been established between Salisbury
and Blantyre, in Nyasaland.
A Pocketful of Pets.
The famous naturalist, Mr. Frank
Buckland, very seldom wore an over
coat, but when he did so it was more
because of the extra pockets it con
tained than for warmth. When he re
turned from France on one occasion
he had his overcoat stuffed with nat
ural history specimens of all sorts, dead
and alive. Among them was a mon
key, which was placed in the large
breast pocket When Mr. Buckland
was getting the ticket - the monkey
thrust his head out and attracted the
attention of the booking clerk, who
"You must take an extra ticket for
"Dog!" said the naturalist. "It Is no
But the clerk said:
"You must pay for it."'
The naturalist took a tortoise out of
his pocket and said:
"Perhaps you call this a dog?"
"No," said the clerk. "We make no
charges for them; they're insects!"
Wasp Resort to Suicide.
A short time ago M. Henry, being
curious to see the effect of benzine on
a wasp, put some of it under a glass in
which one was Imprisoned. The wasp
immediately showed signs of great an
noyance and anger, darting, at a piece
of paper which had introduced the ben
zine into his cell. By and by he seems
to have given up the unequal struggle
in despair, for he lay down on his back,
and, bending up his abdomen,' planted
his sting thrice into his body and then
died. M. Henry allowed his scientific
Interest to overcome his humanity so
far as to repeat the experiment with
three wasps, only to find that the other
two did likewise. He is therefore of
opinion that wasps, under desperate cir-
cumstances, commit suicide. Popular
Need of Molar Exercise.
Customer "That, meal T bought here
last, Mr. Cleaver, was frightfully
tough." Butcher "D'ye know, marm,
that one reason why there are so
many poor teeth nowadays is because
they do not have enough exercise?"
Customer "But that steak couldn't be
cut with a knife." Butcher "Yes,
there is some mighty poor cutlery in
the market now. Did you say five"
pounds, marm?" Boston Transcript
At First She Was Angry.
"H'm!" said Mr. Wickwire. "That
dress reminds me of the half-witted
girl that waits on me at the res
"Yep; it is simple, but fetching."
Mother Willie, you have been rub
bing your hands on Uncle John's
clothes again. Uncle Yes. The dear
little cherub reminds me of one of those
accommodation tailor shops "trousers
greased while you wait." Indianapolla
"With Year Bis Love Became Immortal.
Husband and wife on the train: they
have been married several years. Sh
"Let me see, for Just a minute, th
paper you are reading." He "Yes, mj
dear; when we reach the next tunnel
LTllustre de Poche.
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