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About The Nebraska independent. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1896-1902 | View Entire Issue (July 9, 1896)
THE NEBRASKA INDEPENDENT
July g, 1896.
Bl Nebraska Snbtpcnbtnt
THE WEALTH MAKERS m4 LINCOLN
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY
IndepBijdeiji Publishing Go.
At 1120 M Street,
LINCOLN, - NEBRASKA.
$1.00 per Year in Advance,
Address all communication to, and maks all
drafts, money order, etc., payable to
THE INDEPENDENT PUB. CO..
The Independent is the only free sil
ver paper published at the state capital
The Chicago con vention might as well
renominate McKinley as to put up an
The first official utterance of the St
Louis convention was by Rabbi Sale,
when he said: "Let us prey."
There lies before us a country paper
in which are six editorials, all stolen ver
batim from the Independent. Isn't
that going it a little strong?
The State Journal, Bud Lindsey, and
the reservation are still trying to hold
up the republican party in Lincoln, but
they are having a desperate time of it.
The rag-tag and bob-tail of the repub
lican party, not one of whom has had a
ten-dollar bill in his pocket for five years,
are all frightened at the thought of "too
much money." .
Some one trying to celebrate fired a
shotgun across 0 street on the Fourth
and killed a yellow dog. The last repub
lican on that street has now gone to his
When a gold bug democrat declares
that he will support a free silver demo
crat if nominated at Chicago, he brands
himself as recreant to every true prin
ciple of manhood, and lies besides, for
be will never do it. .
In the newspaper world in Lincoln, the
Independent stands to the number of
its opponents in about the same ratio
that Allen did in the senate. If it can
acquit itself as well in the small field as
Allen did in the larger, it will be satisfied.
t The McKinley ites,backed by every cor
poration, trust, combine and money
lender 'in the country, from now on will
engage in a hell-scramble to subjugate
the world to their control. It will come
near being the battle of Armageddon for
The republican platform has changed
the constitution so that it now reads:
"Congress shall have no power to coin
money or regulate the value thereof with
out the consent of Great Britain and the
enlightened monarchies and despotisms
According to his own statement Par
son Andrews is a traitor to his country.
He said that any man who would vote
for bonds in times of peace was a traitor.
Parson Andrews voted for bonds in time
of peace. Now he' wauts the loyal citi
zens of Nebraska to send a traitor to
congress. But they won't do it.
There was a suggestion in Senator Tel
ler's speech at Denver that Wolcott
should resign when he said: "It has been
my great object and purpose to repre
sent the people of this state honestly
and conscientiously advocating the
principles that they entertain when I
cannot do that, I shall say so to you
frankly, that you may select some one
The State Journal says that "tenant
farming is not such an awful symptom
after all." Of course not. It is a very
good "symptom" in the eyes of a pluto
crat, as a matter 01 met, tenancy is
often a step upward," it goes on to as
sure us. Of course it is. When the gold
standard has mademillions so poor that
they can't pay even the rent on one room
and therefore sleep at the police station
The Lincoln Typographical Union, just
before going into regular session the
other night, took a vote on the silver
question. The membership of the union
is three to one republican, but when the
ballots were counted the vote was found
to be three to one for free silver. Bud
Lindsey, the State Journal and the res
ervation will have to get a hustle on
themselves or they can't hold the fort
Another gold standard paper has been
started in Lincoln. It is called the Trib
nne, and will be issued Sunday mornings,
. There were already six or seven gold bug
.v papers in the city before it was "borned.'
The Independent is the only free silver
paper published at the capital, and,
there was as much good management
about some of these free silver people as
there is protestation and defiance, they
would see to it that the Independent
reached several thousand more peopl
in this county than it now dqes
MEN WITH FIXED SALARIES.
The great dailies have abandoned the
claim thev made a while airo that the
free coinage of silver would drive gold
out of the country, produce contraction
and a further fall in prices, and now ad
mitthat the free coinage of silver will
double prices, and they make a special
plea to men employed by the great cor
porations with fixed salaries, and to
wage workers with salaries which they
claim are also fixed. The following is a
specimen of their writing:
Oa $1,200 a year be Is living in comfort. He
baa a pleasant borne; be has a table which !
never wlthoat fresh meat once a day, and often
twice a uay; be wean (rood clothes, and la ear.
Ing money. Can It be possible that h wants to
1 prices of all kinds rents, provisions, cloth
-rinnhlndT Or cm It De Dossiuie lunv uc
thinks that as soon as the eonntry went on to
silver basis the corporation which employ blm
would give blm 92,400 a year?
W do not believe b thinks any such thing.
Neither do we believe that be and such as he will
be found voting for any 60 ceat dollars. They
know on which side their bread Is buttered
Thev n as well satisfied with their lot as mil
lionaires are with theirs, and both stand, ana
one no mors than th other for sound currency
and an honest dollar,
No one denies that the gold standard
and low prices are a benefit to men of
large fixed salaries, such as the heads
and general officers of great corpora
tions and office holders generally. That
is admitted. That is the thing of which
we complain. But to say that it is for
the benefit of a clerk getting $20 or $25
week and living in a city where high
rent must be paid, is an absurdity. A
change of management, a change of
ownership, the appointment of a receiver,
a thousand and one things may throw
him out of his place and he will find him
self one of that immense throng seeking
work and no one to hire him. If he holds
bis place, he is as a serf attached to the
soil. Ue cannot change his residence.
He must live and die where he is. Is that
a bright prospect for a free born A uieri-
With rising prices, new industries
would start in every part of the country.
Anywhere and everywhere would be
openings for energetic men. He would
not have to toil on, fearing to say that
his soul was his own lest he might offend
those in authority over bim and lose his
place. Now he is a sycophant, and must
be one. Then he would be a free Ameri
can citizen in truth and not in name
. THE ANXIOUS BANKERS. I
The state Journal says of the late re
publican state convention: "Two in
fluences made themselves manifest from
the outset. These were senatorial ambi
tions of possible candidates and the
truggle of the banks for control of the
state funds. The whole contest largely
hinged round the state treasurership
There it is. An open confession is good
for the soul. "The whole contest large,
ly hinged around the state treasurer
ship." It was "a struggle of the banks."
That is what the Independent has been
saying. That $000,000 of school
money which the books show is in the
hands of the state treasury, and yet no
one knows where it is! No wonder the
bankers "struggle." A call for that mon
ey to invest it, as the law and constitu
tion provides, would show in the place
of it certificates of deposit from these
bankers, and behind these certificates
6f deposit wind. The citizens of this
state would better settle this matter
now. To elect another lot of boodlers
part of them the same old boodlers who
do not hesitate to override the law, the
constitution and the supreme court, will
not mend matters, but make them
The bankers who come to the republi
can state convention and "struggle" and
fight are not there to protect the school
children of Nebraska. They are there
in their own interests.
This time the whole crew will be kicked
out, the books will be examined, and, if
the money is gone, the men who squan
dered it will have a harder time keeping
out of the penitentiary than some of the
public thieves of late years have had.
The great economist, Wolowski, wrote
a book in 1868 in which he said be had
hecome convinced that the money pow
er of the world would succeed in their at
tempt to contract the volume of money
oue-half by the demonetization of silver.
Then he went on to tell what would re
sult from such a contraction, foretelling
exactly what has since occurred.
He said that the cause of the distress
that would come upon the nations of the
earth would bo attributed by the money
power to everything but the right thing.
They would say that it was over-production,
scientific advancement, new ma
chinery, and every one of the things that
the gold bugs have said.
Among economists this chapter is al
ways referred to as "Wolowski's proph.
ecy," and it has been claimed that he
specifically mentioned every thing that
has been assigned by the goldites as a
reason for the hard times.
But Wolowski did not know the Lin
coln economists. They found a reason
for the hard times that the great econo
mist did not mention. The Lincoln
economists, a year or so ago, came to
the conclusion that the cause of the
hard times in this city was not the gold
standard at all, but tr.o want of more
gamblingand prostitution. They raised
an issue on that, and actually carried
the city on the claim that if we should
let the gambling dens and brothels run
wide open, good times would come back
to the city.
The Lincoln economists are the aston
ishment of the world, and their fame has
gone to the very ends of it. Last week
we received a paper, printed in far off
Tasmania, giving an account of these
scientists of Lincoln, in which it was said
that the church people of this barbarous
state actually advocated gambling and
prostitution as a remedy for hard times.
.And so Lincoln economists havegained
a world-wide reputation.
The trend of the arguments to beused
by the gold standard advocates in this
campaign can be plainly seen whenever a
glance is taken at the eastern dailies.
They are making a desperate appeal to
wage workers to induce them to vote for
the gold standard by telling them that
prices will rise and their wages will not,
and in that event they will all starve.
They always speak of wages as if they
were fixed never to be altered again, and
they ask a working man who gets $40 a
mouth: "How are you going to live when
you have to pay twice as much as you
do now for meat and flour?" To them
they say: "The rise in price only benefits
the land owners." Of course they have
no remarks to make about the millions
of men who can get no work and no
wages at all on account of prices being
so low that no one can afford to hire
To the farmer they talk in another
way.- 1 ney say: "As tue price ot Dutter
and etrgs is, by hypothesis, to advance,
so will the prices of reapers and mowers,
scythes and hoes and plows and rakes.
So will the flour the farmer buys, his su
gar, molasses, salt and pepper. So will
his clothing and that of every member
of his family; his boots and shoes; his
kerosene, and his interest."
Suppose that the price of reapers and
mowers, of scythes and rakes, of plows
and hoes, of sugar, molasses, salt and
pepper, should be . double. That would
be a mere bagatelle to the farmer if the
price of his own products should double.
A farmer who would raise 1,000 bush
els of wheat, 5,000 bushels of corn, 10
head of cattle, and 50 head of hogs to
sell, would get $1,700 more for them
than he does now. With that he could
buy enough sugar and salt and other
things to last him a long time. At pres
ent, after he pays his hired hand and
taxes, he cannot buy any at all.
The principle of political economy
which asserts that every producer sells
four or five times as many commodities
as he buys, is true. If it were not, so
many non-producers could not live in
luxury and do nothiug. It therefore fol
lows that a rise in price will be a benefit
to all those who produce. That is, to
all workers, and it will prevent the non
producer and idle rich from absorbing
so much of the wealth of the world. To
that statement every standard writer on
political economy in the whole world
ONE DOLLAR AS GOOD AS ANOTHER.
Whether the people have many dollars
or no dollars at all, whether s prices rise
or fall, whether wheat is worth one dol
lar or whether it is worth ten cents a
bushel, the McKinleyites assure us that
we shall have a full measure of national
prosperity if only "one dollar is as good
as any other dollar." One dollar may
be as good as any other dollar, and the
currency be so contracted that prices
would fall to a point where it would take
the whole product of a farm to pay the
The volume of money could be so con
tracted that it would take twenty bush
els of wheat or one hundred bushels of
corn to get a dollar and still every dol
lar be as good as any other dollar.
Would that bring prosperity? Under
those conditions every farm would be
sold for taxes and all the people, save
only those who had cornered the money,
would become landless paupers.
The people should thoroughly examine
all the "catch phrases" of the gold bug
daily press before they aliow their minds
to be influenced by them. These words
have been embodied in the goldite plat
forms of both old parties for years.
They were inserted there to deceive and
to enslave. '
GEN. DAN DIDN'T FIND IT.
The Peoples Messenger, (Miss.) says:
Cyclone Davis in a joint discussion with
Gen. Dan Jones, nominee for governor
ot Arkansas, last week laid on the stand
Jefferson's complete works and proposed
if he (Jones) would find anything in the
lids of the seven volumes, from which the
present national democratic platform
was compiled in whole or in part, he
(Davis) would vote the democratic tick
et. Gen. Dan didn't find it.
The "Cyclone" then proposed if he
would name a single principle of the
Omaha platform, for which he conld not
produce authority from the same vol
umes he would abandon populism and
return to the democratic fold. Gen.
Jones couldn't name it. Nor can any
one else for that matter. Yet these dem
ocratic office-seekers will continue to
prate about Jefferson and Jackson as if
they had something in common with
those patriotic men.
THE LIAR'S BELT.
The Nebraska Independent will please
pass the liar's belt to Ex-Congressman
Valentine, the committee on resolutions,
and the fellows who voted to adopt the
resolutions declaring that the party is
not ashamed of its record, and is com
pelled to abandon no article of its
ancient faith. The Granger.
There is right where it goes this week.
GOLD BUG PROPH ETH.
While one goldite paper is asserting
that th free coinage of silver would
double the amount of money and double
prices, to the detriment of all those who
receive wages aua salaries, another de
clares that there would be an immediate
contraction of $600,000,000, because
gold would go out of the country, a
panic would ensue, and we would have
practically no money at all.
One of them, in answer to a correspon
The gold In this country is now say 600 mi!
lions of dollars. The moment you resolve to
open the mints to the free coinage ot silver at a
ratio of 16 to one, that moment all this gold be
comes a commodity, and seeks a market where
it can get 31 to 1. We nearly had a panic short
ly after the war over a small monthly contrac
tion of greenbacks Pray, what do yon think
would be the effect of a contraction ot 600 mil
lions in a single day?
For arrogance and ignorance that
paragraph would be hard to equal. In
the first place there is not $600,000,000
of gold in this country, not even $300,
000,000. There is about $100,000,000 in
the banks according to their official re
ports and $100,000,000 in the U.S.
Now this sage says the moment free
coinage becomes effective, some one, he
does not say who, will gather up all this
gold that is in the United States treas
ury, in the banks and what little is scat
tered around among the people, take it
off somewhere, and exchange it for silver
at the ratio of "31 to 1".
We would like to know who the fellow
is that is going to do that awful deed.
We would like to know how he is going
to get that 100,000,000 dollars in gold
out of the treasury, how he will get what
the banks and the people have?
The writer speaks of gold as an ani
mate thing, that would get up and walk
off, of its own volition and seek some
country where it could swap itself off at
the rate of 31 ounces of silver for one
ounce of itself. Suppose all that is true.
After it had changed itself into silver
what would it do then. There would'nt
be any more silver and gold in the world
after these miraculous things had hap
pened than there is now. There would
be no change in the volume of money in
the world for there is not 5,000,000
ounces of uncoined silver bullion in the
whole world today. All the silver coin
in Europe is worth in gold from $1.32 to
$1.37 an ounce. This American gold
going over there would find it impossible
to exchange itself for that coin at "31 to
to 1," for it is coined, and is a legal ten
der for greater or less amounts at 15 or
15 to 1, and in some cases, smaller coins
at about 14 to 1.
To make assertions of what is going to
happen as if every body were agreed, is
a trick of these gold bug writers. This
writer asserts that all the gold would go,
as if it were accepted by all men and no
one denied it. But it is only a gold bug
prophecy, and not one of them ever did
or ever will come true. John Sherman
stood up in the senate and prophesied
that if the Sherman Act was repealed
prosperity would return m "ten days"
They have been foretelling the return of
prosperity for the last three years, and
their predictions have come to naught
just as those of the above writer's will.
Gold bug prophets are at a big discount
in this country.
It would have been much more manly
and have made more votes for the re
publican party if their state convention
had demanded the repeal of the valued
policy law, instead of passing the sneak
ing, cowardly resolution that makes
part of their state platform. But they
have become so rotten that it seems to
be impossible for them to make an hon
est, manly statement on an., subject.
The valued policy law reads as follows:
Whenever any policy of Insurance shall be
written to Insure any real property In the state
against loss by Are, tornado or lightning and
the property insured shall be wholly destroyed
without criminal fault on the part of the in
sured or bis assigns, the amount of the insur
ance written In such policy shall be taken con
clusively to be the true value of the property in
sured and the true amount of loss and measure
That the republicans intend to repeal
that law if they get into power, there is
not a particle of doubt, but they were
too cowardly to say so. So they put
this plank in their platform.
The valued policy act should not be repealed
or modified In any way that will destroy the
equity of its provisions.
If they had not been God-hated cow
ards, they would have said: "The val
ued policy should not be repealed," or,
"The valued policy law should be re
pealed." When a republican legislature gets in
to power they will have a very different
idea of the "equity of its provisions"
from what they care to express now.
A CHEERFUL FAREWELL.
The editor of the Independent wrote
a verv large part of the matter printed
in the Nonconformist for three years,
During that time it acquired a national
reputation and nearly quadrupled its
subscription list. .He continued to write
for it until he received a letter from the
munnmnwnt to stoD writing on the
monev Question for there was nothing
in it. A week or so ufterward, the man
agement, which had been building up its
subscription on his Washington corre
spondence, began to denounce him and
has kept it up ever since, not by name,
for it dare not do that to the old read
ers of the paper, who stood by it, when
Henrv Vincent was editor and he fol-
enltivatorbv day and
wrote articles for it by night.
The old farmers who helped to make it
what it was have retired from it. Stock
well who wrote the "Bad Boy" stories
and Tom East and his neighbor long
since ceased to have any connection
with it. It is edited by a newspaper re
porter who was picked up on the
streets of Indianapolis, and who has
never read a standard work on political
economy in his life.
The old workers in Indiana who have
stood by us since the days of Peter
Cooper, like M. C. Rankin, Capt. Powers
and Dr. Robinson have been driven to
despair by its recent course. One of them
writes us that it has well nigh wrecked
the party in the state of Indiana.
With this bit of history we bid it a
The gold bugs are widely circulating
an article which appeared in the Forum
some time since written by one Beaulieu,
a Frenchman. M. Beaulieu says: "The
financiers and capitalists that is to say
the only persons competent to express
an opinion are almost unanimously for
a single gold standard." Now that
greatly pleases the McKinleyites. They
long since gave up the effort to think
and reason, and they circulate this
Frenchman's statement that no one but
financiers and capitalists are "compe
tent" to reason about or think upon the
money question, with great satisfaction.
While every one, the merchant, the
minister, the lawyer, the physician, the
professor, the farmer, the laborer, is
alike interested in this subject, not one
of these vast millions, educated, schol
arly, brainey meu though they be, is
competent" to investigate, come to a
conclusion, or express it if he does, on the
Never was a claim so preposterous
set up in all the world before. But all
the McKinleyites subscribe to it. .
DON'T GET EXCITED.
The Independent has no sympathy
with those honest but excited individu
als who go about proclaiming that if we
do not win this election and overthrow
the gold standard, the nation is forever
ruined. It knows as well as they, the
suffering that will ensue, but the people
will not rise up and destroy this govern
ment. They will reform it. If not at
this election, then at the next. A further
fall in prices will cause most of the prop
erty in this state to go into the hands of
the Shylocks, but once let us get control
of this government and its monetary
policy and it will not stay in the robber's
hands very long.
This state will raise enough this year
to feed its inhabitants clear into the
next century. Prices are so low and rail
road rates so high now, that it cannot
be shipped out. So we shall have enough
to eat throughout another gold bug ad
ministration. By that time the people
will be in a mood to wipe the xhole gold
bug outfit off the face of the earth with
their ballots. So don't get excited. We
are in this fight to win and we will win.
WILLIAM P. ST. JOHN. "
William P. St. John in resigning the
presidency of the Merchantile National
bank of N, Y., has endeared himself to
the heart of every American patriot. His
name is already a nousenoio wora in
thousands of humble homes scattered all
over the plains of the west and vine-clad
hills of the south. Long after the Mor
gans and the Belmonts have Decome a
hissing, and a bye word for infamy and
greed, the name of William P. St. John
will be held in loving remembrance by
millions of the great common people who
toil for their daily bread.
Money could not buy him, threats
could not intimidate him, ridicule could
not move him. From first to last he
has been a brave, honest, pure American
The money power has done its worst
to him. It has driven him out of busi
ness and put their powerful boycott up
on him. The people will now take him
up and make him their secretary of the
treasury. The Independent says:
"Three cheers and a tiger for Wm. P.
FIRST OF ALL.
Everywhere, when the United States
senators who recently left the old party
reached their respective states, they
were greeted with loud applause and by
immense throngs of people. It was dif
ferent when the first senator defied the
old party and left it. No public demon
strations were made, when far in ad
vance of them all, Senator VanWycke
declared for the common people. No
crowds, no applause, no brass bands,
no fire works, no roaring canuon cheered
him on when he defied the money power
aud the corporations and resolved to
cast in his lot with common people. But
when the roll of honoris finally made up,
thename'of Gen. Chas. H. VanWycke will
stand at the head, for he was first of
them all. Nebraska had then the only
bolting U. S. senator. It has today the
only populist governor.
Some of the McKinley goldite writers
are getting badly mixed up. In writing
on the rise in prices caused by free coin
age of silver, they say: "To sum up, the
producer gets a part of the advance; the
whole of the advance falls on tue con
sumer." But in writing on the rise in
prices caused by a high protective tariff,
they say: "The consumer does not pay
it; the foreigner pays it.
ANNIN COMES BACK.
All lovers of fairy tales and Munchau
sen stories will be glad to know that W
E. Annin is back in Nebraska. We have
not seen him but we know he is here.
We are very positive that be is here. In
fact we are perfectly certain that he is
here. In support of the assertion the
following proofs are submitted:
The republicans undertook to hold a.
McKinley ratification meeting, and pa
rade. While thousands of dollars were
spent in fire works and nearly the whole
population turned out to see the show,
the sidewalks being packed with people,,
it was noticable that nobody would
cheer. The next morning the State
Journal had the following description of
And everywhere was heard the shout for "Mc
Kinley and Hobart," and aver And anon as the
hoar head of some well known Nebraska man
would be seen, the air was rent with hurrahs ot
the most vigorous type. And as the many can
didates for the state offices passed along they
received the applaust and shouts of the multi
tude. Now is that not proof positive that
Annin is back in Lincoln? Could a rea
sonable man ask for more convincing
Republican hypocrisy was never dis
played in a more glaring light than in
the resolutions of their state convention'
where they demanded the investment of
the permanent school fund, while $660,-
000 of it is lying in the hands of repub
lican' state officials, which they have per
sistently refused to invest. If this had
not been hypocrecy, if they really in
tended and wanted it invested, they
would have called the delinquent officials
to account. But instead of that, they
endorsed the course of these officials, and
renominated some of them, which means
that the said officials are to go on steal
ing the little children's interest money .
with the sanction of the republican party..
Those who desire to be thoroughly
posted on the great issues now before
the country cannot afford to be without
the July Arena. The question which un
doubtedly takes precedence over all
other questions at the present time is
the money question. This subject is ex
exhaustively dealt with, the editor, Mr.
B. 0. Flower, in addition' to some stir- '
ring editorials, contributes two remark
ably strong papers to the controversy,
one of which embodies the views of such
prominent and authoritive thinkers as
the noted financier and banker, Jay
Cooke, Wm. P. St. John, president of
the Mercantile National bank of New
York, and Judge Walter Clark, LL. D.,.
of the Supreme Bench of North Carolina.. -
H. F. Bartine, in a closely reasoned and
well-written paper, replies to a recent ar
ticle in the Forum, by M. Paul Leroy
Beaulieu, in favor of gold monometal
lism. Mr. Bartine makes a strong case -for
the white metal and refutes M. Beau-
lieu's arguments in a clear and logical
manner that is caculated to bring con
viction to unprejudiced minds. Other
economic and social problems are dis
cussed by live thinkers in this number of
the Arena. . .
We favor the strict enforcement of the
laws against trusts and the enactment
of such additional legislation as will ef
fectually terminate their existence.
Trusts are vipers and should be treated
as such. They have been fostered by
falling prices and the dominance of the
moneyed interests in politics; reverse the
conditions as to falling prices and domi
nation in politics, and see what will
quickly become of their "brood."
We wish to say to the reform press -
and free silver papers that they are at
liberty to reprint the whole of each issue
of the Nebraska Independent if they so
desire, but to steal more than three col
umns at a time without credit does not
John U. P. Thurston was just the sama- '
corporation gold bug when he was can-
vassing the state for the senate and talk
ing silver that he is now, but a lot 1
fools in this state could not be made toV
Strong for Teller.
From the tone of many of the reform
papers and communications reacning-
hep.dquarters from leading populists
throughout the country, there is evi
dently a strongsentiment in favor of the
nomination of Senator Teller, of Colo
rado, for president by the peoples party
convention, at St. Louis on July 22.
Sound Money Prices.
Oats five cents and corn nine cents per
bushel; hogs $2.40. Hurrah for the
present gold standard of values! Bert
Essay on Bags.
Hazard, Neb., July 2, 1896.
Editor Independent: We have ad---ministration
bugs viz: Gold bugs, big
bugs, tumble bugs and Btraddle bugs.
Then we have the black bugs and the po-
tato bugs that are exclusively republi
can in their origin. The latter came the
last of Lincoln's administration, but did
not hurt much, but came in full force in
Grant's day. The black bugs were cre
ated in Grant's day for the purpose of
keeping the other bugs in line, all to live
off the fanner. Putting them all togeth
er they are a happy set, and the farmer
is correspondingly miserable. I have
kept the potato butts off my potatoes
this summer and will do my best to de
stroy all the other bugs in November.
I believe you are doing your part. Luck
to you. Success to Governor Holcomb..
Mr. Bug Killer.
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