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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 15, 1909)
NEWS-HERALD PUD. CO. Publisher!
By L. Frank Baum
(CoiyrlKlit, bv I ho Mobhu-Merrill l'o.
'(Copyright, by I,. Frank Uaum & W. W.
Dorothy lived In Kanrnis with Aun Em
end Uncle Henry. A ryrlonn lifted their
liomo Into tho Hlr, Dorothy fullinir nnleep
amlUwt thn rxeltetnent. A cthhIi awakeneil
her. Tho hoiiKo liml landed In a rounlry
of marvelous beauty. liruupa of ciuwr
little people Rreeted her to the I.nml of
Miinehklrm. Tho holme had killed their
rni-iny, the wicked witch of Knst. lnr
othy took the wltrh'a Hllver bIioom. She
wtnrted for the Kmeruld City to tlnd the
Wizard of Ox, who, alia wiia pronilned,
rnlKht find a way to aond her back to
Kaunas. Dorothy releaned a aenrecrow,
kIvIiir him life. He wua desirous of a
quiring brains nnd atartcd with her to
tho wizard to gut them. The acarecrow
told Ida hiBtory. They met a tin wood
mnn who longed for a heart. Ho also
Joined them. They came upon a terrible
lion. Tho lion confessed ho had no oour
ace. He decided to aecompony them to
the Wizard of 0 to get aoine. The scare
crow In pushing the raft became' Im
paled upon his polo In the middle of the
river. The scarecrow was rescued by a
friendly stork. They entered a poppy
field, which caused Dorothy to full
asleep. The scarecrow nnd tin woodman
rescued her and her dog from the dendly
tlowera. The lion foil asleep and being ton
lieavy to lift, wua left. On tho anarch for
the rood of yellow brick which led to the
Kmeruld Cltv they met a wild cat and
Held in loo. The woodman killed the wild
cat. Tho queen mouse became friendly.
Hhe sent thousands of her mice auhjerta
to draw the Hon away from the poppy
field. Dorothy awoko from her long
Bleep. They started again on the Emer
ald City road. They came to a fence,
painted preen, Thero were farmers of
r;reen, houses of green and people dressed
n green. It waa the Land of O. They
met the guardian of tho gntea. Jin dn
acrlbed tlie power of tho Wizard of Oa.
All put on green spectacles na the bright
ness and glory of Kmerald City blinded
them. Thn wizard decided to receive ono
of the pnrty each day. All were put In
green rooms. Dorothy went to the throne
room. In a chair spnrkllng with emer
alds ahn beheld an enormous bead with
out body, legs or arms, bigger than tho
biggest giant. "I am Uz. the great and
terrible," sold the head. Oz told hnr that
when she killed thn wicked witch of tho
Kast he would send her home. The scare-
row, admitted to the presence of a beau
tiful lady, who said she was the wizard,
waa promised bralna when ho killed the
witch. The woodman beheld a terrlhln
beast with a head of a rhinoceros and
CHAPTER XI. Continued.
Oz gave a low growl at this, but
"If you Indeed desire a heart, you
must earn It."
,"How?" asked tho Woodman.
"Help Dorothy to kill the Wicked
Witch of the West," replied the beast.
"When tho Witch Is dead, come to me,
and I will then give, you the biggest
and kindest nnd most loving heart In
all the Land of Oz."
So tho Tin Woodman was forced to
return sorrowfully to his friends and
tell them of the terrlblo beast ho had
seen. They all wondered greatly at
tho mnny forms tho great Wizard
could take upon himself, and tho Lion
"If ho Is a beast when I go to see
him, I shall roar my loudest, and so
frighten him that he will grant all I
ask. And if ho is the lovely lady, I
shall pretend to spring upon her, and
bo compel her to do my bidding. And
If ho is the great hend, he will bo at
my mercy; for I will roll this head
all about tho room until '.10 promises
to glvo us what we desire. So be of
good cheer, my friends, for all will yet
Tho Lion at once passed through
tho door, nnd, glancing aounl, saw,
to his surprise, that before the throne
was a ball of fire so fierce and glow
ing he could scarcely bear to ' gaze
upon it. Ills first thought was that
Oz had by accident caught on Are and
was burning up; but, when ho tried to
go nearer, tho heat was so Intense that
It singed his whiskers, and ho crept
back tremblingly to a spot nearer the
Then a low, quiet voice enme from
the ball of fire, and these wero tho
words it spoke:
"I am Oz, tho Great and Terrlblo.
Who are you, and why do you seek
me?" And the Lion answered: '
"I am a Cowardly Lion, afraid of
everything. I como to you to beg that
you give mo courage, so that in reality
I may become tho king of beasts, as
men call me."
"Why should I glvo you courage?"
"Because of all Wizards you are
the greatest, and alone have power
to grant my request," answered tho
The ball of Are burned fiercely for a
time, and the voice said:
"Bring me proof that the Wicked
Witch Is dead, and that moment I
will give you courage. But so long as
the Witch lives you must remain a
The Lion, was angry nt this speech,
but could say nothing in reply, and
while he stood silently gazing at the
ball of lire It becamo so furiously hot
that he turned tall and rushed from
the room. He was glad to . find his
friends waiting for him, and told thera
of his terrible Interview with the
"What shall we do now?" asked Dor
"There Is only ono thing wo can
do," returned the Lion, "and that Is to
go to the land of tho Winkles, seek
out the Wicked Witch, and destroy
"nut suppose we cannot?" said the
'Then I shall never have courage,"
declared tho Lion.
"And I shall never have brains,"
added tho Scarecrow.
"And I shall never have a heart,"
spoke the Tin Woodman.
"And I shall never see Aunt Em and
Uncle Henry," said Dorothy, begin
ning to cry.
"He careful!" cried the green girl,
"the tears will fall on your green silk
gown, and spot it."
So Dorothy dried her eyes and said:
. "I suppose we must try It; but I am
sure I do not want to kill anybody,
even to see Aunt Em again."
"I will go with you; but I'm too
much of a coward to kill tho Witch,"
said the Lion.
"I will go, too," declared tho Scare
crow; "but I shall not bo of much help
to you, I am such a fool."
"I haven't tho heart to harm even
a Witch," remarked the Tin Wood
man; "but If you go I certainly shall
go with you."
Therefore It was decided to start
upon their Journey the next morning,
and tho Woodman sharpened hU ax
on a green grindstone and had all his
Joints properly oiled. The Scarecrow
stuffed himself with fresh straw and
Dorothy put new paint on his eyes
that he might see better. The green
girl, who was very kind to them, filled
Dorothy's basket with good things to
eat, and fastened a little bell around
Tote's neck with a green ribbon.
They went to bed quito early and
slpt soundly until daylight, when
they were awakened by the crowing
of a green cock that lived In the back
yard of the palace, and the cackling, of
a hen that bad laid a green egg.
The soldier with the green whiskers
led them through the streets of the
Emerald City until they reached the
room where the Guardian of the Gates
lived. This officer unlocked their spec
tacles to put thera back In his great
box, and then ho politely opened the
gate for our friends.
"Which road leads to the Wicked
Witch of the West?" asked Dorothy.
"There is no road," answered the
Guardian of the Gates; "no one ever
wishes to go that way."
"How, then, are we to find her?"
Inquired the girl.
"That will be easy," replied the
man; "for when she knows you are In
tho Country of the Winkles she will
find you, and make you all her slaves."
"Perhaps not," said the Scarecrow,
"for we mean to destroy .her."
"Oh, that Is different," said the
Guardian of tho Gates. "No one has
ever destroyed her before, so I natur
ally thought she would make slaves
of you, as she has of all the rest. But
take care; for she Is wicked and fierce,
The Wicked Witch of the West.
and may not allow you to destroy her
Keep to the west, whore the sun sets,
and you cannot fall to find her."
Now the Wicked Witch of the West
had but one eye, yet that was as pow
erful as a telescope, and could set
everywhere. So, as she sat in tht
door of her castle, she happened tc
look around and saw Dorothy lying
asleep, with her friends all about her
They were a long distance off, but the
Wicked Witch was angry to And then!
In her country; so she blew upon t
silver whlstlo that hung around hei
At once there came running to het
from all directions a pack of greai
wolves. They had long legs and fierce
eyes and sharp teeth.
"Go to those people," said the
Witch, "and tear them to pieces."
"Are you not going to make then
your slaves?" asked the wolf leader.
"No," 6he answered, "one Is of tin
and one of straw; one Is a girl and
another a Lion. None of them is fit
to work, so you may tear them intc
"Very well," said tho wolf, and he
dashed away at full speed, followed bj
It was lucky the Scarecrow and the
Woodman were wide awako and heard
the wolves coming.
"This Is my fight," said the Wood
man; "so get behind me and I will
meet them as they come."
He seized his ax, which ho had
made very sharp, and as the leader ol
the wolves came on the Tin Woodmac
swung his arm and chopped the wolfi
head from Its body, so that It Immedi
ately died. As soon as he could raise
his ax another wolf came up, and he
also fell under the sharp edge of the
Tin Woodman's weapon. There were
40 wolves, and 40 times a wolf was;
killed; so that at last they all lay'
dead In a heap before the Woodman.
Then he put down his ax and sat
beside the Scarecrow, who said:
"It was a good fight, friend."
They waited until Dorothy awoke
the next morning. The little girl was
quite frightened when she saw the
great pile of shaggy wolves, but the
Tin Woodman told her all. She
thanked him for saving them and sat
down to breakfast, after which they
started again upon their Journey.
Now this same morning tho Wicked
Witch came to tho door of her castle
and looked out with her one eye that
could see afar off. She saw all her
wolves lying dead, and the strangers
still traveling through her country.
This mado her angrier than before,
and she blew her silver whlstlo twice.
Straightway a great flock of wild
crows came flying toward her, enough
to darken the sky. And tho Wicked
Witch said to tho King Crow:
"Fly at once to the strangers; peck
out their eyes and tear them to
The wild crows flew In one great
flock toward Dorothy and her com
panions. When the little girl saw them
coming she was afraid. But the Scare
"Thl3 Is my battle; so lio down be
side mo and you will not be harmed."
So they all lay upon the ground ex
cept the Scarecrow, and he stood up
and stretched out his arms. And when
the crows saw him they were fright
ened, as these birds always are by
scarecrows, and did not dare to come
any nearer. But the King Crow said:
"It Is only a stuffed man. I will
peck his eyes out."
Tho King Crow flew at the Scare
crow, who caught it by the head and
twisted Its neck until It died. And
then another crow flew at him, and
the Scarecrow twisted its neck also.
There were 40 crows and 40 times
tho Scarecrow twisted a neck, until at
last all were lying dead beside him.
Then he called to his companions to
rise, and again they went upon their
When the Wicked Witch looked out
again and saw all her crows lying in
a heap, she got into a terrible rage,
and blew three times upon her silver
Forthwith there was heard a great
buzzing in the air, and a swarm of
black bees came flying towards her.
"Go to the Btrangers and sting them
to death!" commanded the Witch, and
the bees turned and flew rapidly until
they came to where Dorothy and her
friends were walking. But tho Wood
man had seen them coming and the
Scarecrow had decided what to do.
"Take out my straw and scatter it
over the little girl and the dog and the
Hon," he said to the Woodman, "and
the bees cannot sting them." This the
Woodman did, and as Dorothy lay
close beside the Lion and held Toto
In her arms, the straw covered them
The bees came and found no one
but the Woodman to sting, so they flew
at him and broke off all their stings
against the tin, without hurting the
Woodman at all. And as bees cannot
live when their stings are broken that
was the end of the black bees, and
they lay scattered thick about the
Woodman, like little heaps of fine
Then Dorothy and the Lion got up,
and the girl helped the Tin Woodman
put the straw back into the Scare
crow again, until ho was as good as
ever. So they started upon their Jour
ney once more.
The Wicked Witch was so angry
when she saw her black bees in little
heaps like fine coal that she stamped
her foot and tore her hair and gnashed
her teeth. And then she called a
dozen of her slaves, who were tho
Winkles, and gave them sharp spears,
telling them to go to the strangers and
The Winkles were not a brave peo
ple, but they had to do as they were
told; so they marched away until they
came near to Dorothy. Then the Lion
gave a great roar and sprang toward
them, and the poor Winkles were bo
frightened that they ran back as fast
as they could.
When they returned to the castlo
the Wicked Witch beat them well with
a strap, and sent them back to their
wont, arter wnich she eat down to
think what she should do next. She
could not understand how all her
plans to destroy these strangers had
failed; but she was a powerful
Witch, as well as a wicked one. and
she soon made up her mind how to act.
Thero was, In her cupboard, a gold
en cap, with a circle of diamonds
and rubles running round it. This gold
en cap had a charm. Whoever owned
it could call three times upon the
Winged Monkeys, who would obey any
order they were given. But no per
son could command these strange crea
tures more than three times. Twice
already the Wicked Witch had used
the charm of the cap. Once was when
she had made the Winkles her slaves,
and set herself to rule over their coun
try. The Winged Monkeys had helped
her do this. The second time was
when she had fought against the Great
Oz himself, and driven him out of the
land of the West. The Winged Mon
keys had also helped her In doing this.
Only once more could she use this
golden cap, for which reason she did
not like to do bo until all her other
powers were exhausted. But now that
her fierce wolves and her wild crows
and her stinging bees were gone, and
her slaves had been scared away by
the Cowardly Lion, she saw there was
only one way left to destroy Dorothy
and hor friends.
(TO JBE CONTINUED.)
HOW BLOCK SIGNALS WORK
Operation of Ingenious System That
Insures the Safety of Railroad
Comparatively few people know
Just what is meant by block signals
when they read that a railroad has es
tablished the system on Its lines.
The block is a length of track which,
on double track roads, has at Its en
trance a post and movable arm, and
on single track lines one at each end.
To say that a line has every Inch
protected by this system means that
the entire line Is divided into consec
utive blocks. Only one line from Chi
cago to New York is thus protected,
and of the total in the United States,
one-third is on the Union and South
The operation of the block system
Is simple but absolute. In a few
words, It means that a train cannot
move from one block Into the next
until the latter block is empty. As a
train moves forward, the signal arm
Is set to show that the block Just left
may be entered by the next train
following. When a train enters a
block it so affects the en
ergy that 1b a part of sig
naling that the sema
phore arm remains hor!-
zontal until the block Is
vacated, when the arm
automatically drops and
points diagonally toward
the ground. Therefore,
as long as the engineer
sees only drooping sig
nals he can keep on go
ing, but the instant be
finds the arm stretching
out over the track, he
must come to a stop,
knowing that that block Is occupied
by another train.
The energy mentioned above is elec
tricity, the current being obtained
from a battery near each post. ' The
rails of each block are made as if all
of one piece by connecting the Joints
with wire. The extreme ends are then
connected and thus a circuit Is formed
In which the current flows. When no
train Is in the block, the mechanism
operated by the current pulls the arm
down and holds it there. When a
train enters the block the wheels and
axles, combined with the rails, form a
shorter circuit, the energy that held
the arm down Is withdrawn and up it
swings to a horizontal position.
Each block Is independent of all
other blocks. When the last wheels
of a train leave it, the current re
sumes its flow and the signal arm
at the entrance Is pulled down to the
"proceed" position. But before the
hind wheels have finished doing this,
the front wheels of the locomotive
have entered the next block and
caused the arm there to rise to the
For a single track line the auto
matic arrangement Is the same, but
there Is a signal at each end of the
block. To prevent two trains on a
single track line entering a block at
the same time from opposite ends, be
fore the entrance to a single track
block is reached the train sets a stop
signal at the far end of that block,
and as it enters it seta the entrance
signal to stop Just as Is done on
double track. Half a mile or more
before reaching the entrance signal of
each block the engineer comes to
what Is called the "distant," which
tells hlra how the other or "home"
signal Is set.
As the automatic signal Is con
structed, It cannot show "go ahead"
unless the entire combination of rails,
wire, current, magnet, etc., Is work
ing perfectly. If a wire parts, a rail
breaks, a battery
fails, a switch point
opens the slightest,
fails and the re
leased arm re
sumes the hori
zontal position. So,
when the engineer
sees the stop sig
nal, he knows that
there may be a
train on the block,
an open switch, or
a broken rail or
ratus. At night colored lights are display
ed on the same posts. The lamps
will burn eight days without replen
ishing, but are refilled every four or
five days. When the home signal la
at stop, the engineer sees the flame
through a red glass. The caution light
on the distant is yellow. A green
lights means go ahead and is used
on both the home and distant signals
Where two or more lines cross at
grade the general plan of semaphore
arms for day and colored light for
night Is the same, but owing to the
complications all signals are con
trolled by levers operated by men
from a central station. The crossing
and contiguous tracks are governed
by the Interlocking system. When
this is In perfect order and the cross
tng unoccupied, it displays "stop" to
every track approaching the crossing.
Any change must be made by the sig
nalman, and to display "proceed" ha
must first lock all other approaches
with the stop signal.
There are now about 11,000 miles
of railway equipped with the block
system. The only lino thus protected
every Inch from Chicago to California
4s via the Northwestern, Union and
Southern Faclflc. One-third of the
11,000 miles of automatic signaling Is
on tho Harrlman lines and the North
western has more miles of double
track automatic than an other rait
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All pertinent facts must be consid
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great problem of prosperity. Would
you put the plus or minus sign before
the item that the county Jail has a
great falling off In patronage? De
troit Free Prexs.
Wigg Scribbler's stories all have
such sad endings.
Wagg Yes, they generally find their
way Into the wastebasket. Philadel
The Wizard of Horticulture
Hon. Luther Burbank
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Trice 23c, 50c, and $1.00 at AU Dealer,
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Out Much Uukhmt Suffering:
Tilt ItST KMCM TOU (gUWSQS
Girt iiu ntjcf-wolhei tod hwlt tU littla
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Quaker Oats 1
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Assorted china In tht Family Slit Package
Paper-Hangers & Painters
on (TMtlr Incrriinc yonr bnitnrae with BO tl.
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