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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 11, 1909)
e Is Risen
By CHARLES EDWARD HEWITT
(Copyright, by XV. O. Chapman.)
Pimiys m muym.y
jrHftiir diATiQti at PULACAYo, BOLimy vfi I r lf
p3E32roj3 A RESULT of having lost Us Paclflo jfl tlIl Ibvi'
A! seaboard provinces of Antofagasta, follow- v-'l l "-iyid
lng tho war with Chile in 1879. Bolivia $2? Rf
found Itself shut off from tho sea and do- Y"Jvi W
1 pendent upon Its neighbor for an outlet &&4''f , f )s
to tho grout world. I WVu W M-'-'"
Croat as was the blow to national '. p tN ' I SI B iV
'vf$W4l pr,do' for th0 "olivlana felt tho loss of , Jr & t ? I V ' V si?V; 1
Antofagasta moro keenly than even the rjCT 71 Wt
Fre,,ch that f tho Rhine provinces, and - t HsA H Wfe
serious aa was the loss to the national U itffrXW&f i' -VSM
treasury of the revenues derived from H Cfe
3 & of the lost province. V gf& A WCSU V $?HS5J
the Dollvinns themselves then thought. V'- rf"i
1 LAYING XtTzMmBC v
An Impending stillness brooded it
was Good Friday morning and Mary
Deyo the elder viciously manipulated
Ingredients for a batch of hot-cross-buns
from tho sheer habit of a cus
tom handed down from her New Eng
land forefathers. Mary, her nieco,
was tremulously awaiting the words
that would next Come from her guard
ian's tight-drawn lips. There was a
uiurked resemblance between the two
women, the one'8 angular thinness
and hard-showing features symboliz
ing a main stem that has run to seed,
whoso well-pruned off-shoot takes
upon Itself the comliness of youth
"I 'low ye shan't marry a preacher;
there's 'nough said on't," camo the
rasping sentence at last.
The flush of excitement that had
previously suffused the young girl's
delicate checks now gave place to a
pallor which drew unto Itself even
the Ironical glance of the maker of
buns. "Aunt Mary," she said slowly.
"You would have married a preachor
long ago, and now you arc punishing
John and mo for that other's sin."
"Land to goodness!" ejaculated the
spinster as her nelce stalked from the
kitchen. "It's a blessed thing I sot
my foot down now elseTd bo'n clean
run from tho house. That John Wil
son's a high stoppia' critter," sho con
tinued to herself. "See what he's
j'lsted into that gal already. Marry
a preacher, Indeed! hypocrites tho
hull passell of 'em. And there's De.
kin Sims; and every psalm-singin'
sister In tho Meetin' house. What do
acinic outvlew nnd pushed it forward Into lines of de
velopment which In all probability would otherwise '
tavo been delayed for many years. Even prior to 18TD
(ho nitrate fields were for tho most part owned by for
clgnors, tho Bolivians themselves being engaged In gold
end silver mining. Hut the ta,xes from nitrate produc
tion paid In a largo measure the expenses of gov
ernment nnd with the loss of this revenue tho
etate was forced into consideration of the eco
nomic development of the country In other Hues
than gold nnd silver production olone.
' The settled part of Iiollvla was then and Is
to n huge extent yet, that high table-land, one of
tho most spacious and elevated plateaux to be
found on the globo, which lies between the west
ern nnd tho eastern Andes. This table-land ex
tends from about the Argentine border in tho
couth Into Peru on tho northwest, and Is from
0 to 150 miles in width.
On the Chilean border the western Cordillera
13 In reality less a mountain range
thau a lino of huge cliffs. The table
land Is itself 12,000 to 13.000 feet
nbove sea level and slopes gradually
2.000 or 3,000 feet up to the crest of
the western hills and then falls away
Abruptly nearly threo miles down,
35,000 feet, to the desert land lying
between the foot of this Immense lino
nf cliffs and tho Pacific ocean. To
the east of tho tableland lies tho
high Andes, tho Cordillera Ileal, ris
ing In lllampu, Illimanl, Aneochuma
and Sajama over 21,000 feet. North,
cant and south from tho Cordillera
Real the land falls away to tho great
Amazon nnd Parana plains. This
country, three-fourths of llolivla In
f.rea, Is but little settled, but is in
natural resources nnd soli ono of the
richest parts of tho world.
! It could easily sustain an agricul
tural population grcnter than the
fl'l-.ole present population of South
! The first and most pressing need
to Bolivia is railways. This need was recognized
to a certain extent prior to the war with Chile.
As far back as June. 18G3, the national assembly
authorized the president to enter Into contracts
for the building of railways, and In 18C8 a con
cession was granted to a citizen of tho Uulted
States to build a railway from Cobljl to PotosI
vith a government guaranty of seven per cent,
cn the capital Invested. In addition, tho co.nces
flon carried a grant of land one league on each
tide of the line. A number of other concessions
y,ore inado In 1SG9, 1873, 1874. 1877, 1878 and 1879.
I In 1004 the Bolivian national office of lmmi
cratlon and statistics Issued a volume of nearly
400 pages containing the nets, decrees nnd con
cessions In aid of railways, covering the years
1SS0 to 1904. Every effort was niado by the gov
ernment during this period to Induce capital to
Invest In railway construction in the country.
Perhaps nowhere else In the world were such In
ducements held out by any country to secure tho
cnd Bought as by Bolivia, following the termina
tion of the war with Chile. Thcso Inducements
Svere offers of land, mines, exemption from taxa
tion and customs duties, government guaranties,
f.nanclal aid and exclusive privileges. But unfor
tunately for Bolivia the offers were not made In
tho right quarter. In Its eagerness to secure re
cults, concessions were granted to and contracts
made with the most irresponsible parties, In
many cases mere adventurers without capital or
Influence. The net result was naturally to retard
rather than to help railroad construction.
! In 1904 all that Bolivia had to show in rail
ways as a result of 40 years' legislation and In
numerable contracts were the GuaquI and the
Antofagasta roads. The former gave an outlet
from La Paz to Lake TIticaca, whence passengers
and freight were transported across the lake by
boat to the Peruvian port of Puno and tbcuco by
(he Peruvian railway to Nollendo on the Pacific.
The total length of the road from Alto of La
Paz to GuaquI on Lake Titlcaca was 87 kilometers
(54 miles). The gaugo was one meter (39.37
cluslvely settle all the questions arising
therefrom, that on October ?0, 1904, at San
tiago, plenipotentiaries of the two countries
signed tho treaty of peace and friendship
which put a final end to all disputes between
llolivla and Chile and secured in addition
concessions to tho former.
In the proceding year, 1903, was signed
tho treaty of Rio de Janeiro with Brazil.
Under this treaty an exchange of territories
between the two countries was effected. Bo
livia acquired on the southeast the strip of
I , 11 It 1
, - fix
' L f
territory lying between Us boundary and the
Paruguny river, and Brazil acquired Bolivia's
claim to the Acre region on the northeast. The
latter territory being considered the moro valu
able, Brazil stipulated to pay a cash indemnity
of 2.000,000 sterling.
These two treaties were of Immense conse
quence to Bolivia: first, In relieving her from
the old railway and mining entanglements; sec
ond. In securing the construction ot tho Arlca
La Paz railway; third, through the loan of Chi
lean credit .in Internal railway construction; and.
fourth, In providing a cash fund of 2.300,000
with which to guarantee or to begin the actual
construction of the trunk lines.
Following the ratification of the treaties ne
gotiations were opened with prominent European
and American capitalists and on May 19, 1900,
a contract was signed with the National City
bank and Speyer & Co., of New York. The con
tract was signed in La Paz by a representative
of the concessionaires and additional stipulations
were made on May 22.
Under article III of the contract the conces
sionaires oblige themselves within a period of
10 years to construct the following railway sys
tems: (a) From Oruro to Vlacha, with a branch to
tho river Desaguadoro, connecting with ths Arlca
(b) From Oruro to Cochabamba.
(c) From Oruro to PotosI.
(d) From PotosI to Tupizi, by Calsa and Cata
galta. (e) From Uyunl to PotosI.
(f) From La Paz to Puerto Pando.
All of these roads aro to be one-meter gauge
except the last two mentioned, which, in the dis
cretion of the concessionaires, may be of 75 cen
The cost of the railways Is estimated at 5,.
600,000 sterling. Including 1,200,000 allowed for
tho LaPai-Puerto Pando line.
The concessionaires are authorized to isoue
t )UM.OA0ING PAILS
& AT GUAQUI, BOLIVIA
bear six per cent, interest and the 1
terest will not be guaranteed by the
government. The Bccond-mortgngc or
Income bonds run for 23 years, bear
fivo per cent, intercrt aud nro a sec
ond lien on the roads.
Under an agreement made In Ixn
don in 1007 by tho Antofagasta end
Bolivia Railway Company, which is a
British corporation, and Speyer &
Co., the Antofagasta Railway Conv
pany agreed to guarantee the Inter
est on tho lino from Oruro to Vlacha
and In addition to make a payment
to tho concessionaires for a majority
of the line's stock. This ngreemeut
niado necessary tho law, mentioned
nbove, signed by President Montca
on December 1, 19C8. Tho purpose
of this ngroement is to make the new
lines serve as feeders to tho Antofagasta line In
stead of playing tho part of competing lines, as
would have been tho caso had the original pro
gram of construction been carried out.
The Oruro to PotosI line of the original plan
would partly parallel the Antofagatta line. It Ij
very probable that a complete merger of tho in
terests of tho Antofagasta and Bolivia Railway
Company and tho American concessionaires wi!)
A STOUT THING
Miss Burden was not devoid of good seme, but
she hnd brooded over her neighbor's treatment of
her until it seemed both Intolerable and lawloss. It
Involved a question of shares in the privileges of
a certain spring of water and of rights in a certain
path, and disagreement over these had led to
other differences, small nnd large, until tho main
issuo seemed hopelessly confused.
Finally Miss Burden resolved to consult a law
yer, to ascertain If there might not be comfortlcs
relief for her feelings in a lawsuit. When a wom
an's exasperation reaches tho point where b1:o is
ready to resort to tho law, sho Is to be dreaded!
and MIfs Burden went to Lnwyer Falrman's ofllca
with a long and spirited story of her wrongs
Unfortunately for her plan, these wrongs were
rather of word than of deed, and rather of fancy
than of record. What the neighbor wanted to do
and talked about doing, and even what he meant
to do at some future time, did not greatly impress
Mr. Falrraan. He gently suggested to the angry
client that her mood was unjustified by what had
actually happened and concluded his advice with
some words which sho never forgot
"Don't go to law, my dear lndy, until you havs
some facts to take with you. Law by itself is a
Inches) and the rails weighed 18 kilograms per two classes of bonds first mortgage and second 'V0T McnA but 6 fact's a Btout thll)S-a fact's a
mortgage, or income bonds. Tho first mortgage
bonds,' which are a first lien, are authorized to
the amount of 3,700,000 sterling, bear fivo per
cent, Interest and are payable in 20 years. The
Interest for 20 years Is guaranteed by the gov
ernment of Bolivia.
A further Issue of additional first mortgage
bonds to the amount ot 2,000.000 sterling Is
authorized in case the sum of 5,600,000 proves
Insufficient to build the Hues. These bonds will
meter about 12 pounds per foot
Tht Antofagasta, Bolivia's first railway, had a
total mileage of 925 kilometers (573 miles), a
gauge ot 75 centimeters (29.53 Inches) and rails
weighing 17.40 kilograms per meter, or about
11 pounds per foot.
! It was not until 25 years after tho outbreak of
the war with Chile and 20 years after the signing
'of the agreement of April 4, 1884, which marked
(tha close ot that war, although It did not con-
Tho country lawyer's wisdom is sound philoso
phy for every day in the year. Fancy gives birth
to a long train of children, good and bad, and they
all have legs and arms of characteristic slender-
ness and a grasp on llfo too gentle to be control
ling. Set them in line ot battlo and Master Fsct
will scatter tLem nil like dry loaves for In deed
and In truth a fact is a stout thing! Youth's Cou
Gut His Dancing Eyes Sobered at the
Motion of Her Head.
they keer ef I go to perdition, or jest
turn into a hopper-toad as some id-
erts claims dead people becomes?"
The Irritated woman here slammed
down a freshly baked pan of delica
cies to emphasize her thoughts. IkT
mind was afloat on a theme with
which it had wrestled for many a
dreary year; and being over bofd frcin
long familiarity It drew to depths that
have held to destruction many an u&
"Bah! with such religion," It whls
pered. "It pears tor me, Mary Deyo,
ef God had ever been flesh and blood,
nnd was truly gone back to Heaven,
ho wouldn't have let you git jilted and
people act that-a-way In Ills house."
Something happened at this point;
the mighty heredity bestowed by a
line of God-fearing forebears clutched
for tho spirit that was aloft on tho
balances; and in tho act of forming
a sugar cross, the wrinkled hand
started a-trcmbling as from an ague.
May the Almighty forgive me,"
moaned the woman, and swept the
buns unsugarcd Into the closet.
Mary, the younger, passed a mlsera-
blo existence through tho following
hours. The young minister who had
but recently come to tho village was
expected that evening to sue for her
hand, and unless tho proverbial worm
should turn and take matters to it
self, his outlook was anything but
bright. The elder Mary's demeanor
was moro morose than combative dur
the day; her termagant tongue giv
ing utterance to no admonitions cr
rebukes, which circumstance would
have called from the girl great won
derment nt any other time. Spring
had nlready breathed over the vil
lage lowlands, and the air was primed
with that fragrant aroma which tcll3
so surely to man that he was not
meant to live alone. But the chirping
peepers in the distant swamp seemed
a melancholy chorus to Mary Deyo
as sho awaited in tho fast-deepening
twilight her lover's coming. On t)
morrow he was to lead tho'Eastvr serv
ices the old Meeting house; and
how' joyously pho bad anticipated this
as the fit occasion to publish her hap
piness. "If we can not marry I will
stop going to meeting," sho uncon
sciously resolved, the delicate lines
taking to themselves something ot
tho other Mary's hardness; but they
quickly softened as rapid steps could
bo hoard approaching.
"Hello, Girl! Is it good news you
have to tell this wonderful eve of Eas
ter?" cheerily greeted John Wilson.
nut his dancing eyes sobered nt the
notion of her head. "Come, stop a bit
nd talk It over," he said gently; and
is-tho depth of tho splnater'B preju
:!ce was mado clear to him tho man
bummed a few uotes of a favorlto
hymn, ns was his wont in perplexing
moments.... "See here, littic, girl!"
he spoko after a bit. "The troublo
lies in that your aunt has lost faith
both In God and man; those sancti
monious hypocrites at tho Meeting
house are greatly to blame for it too.
Now this Is Easter Tide, when nil peo
pie should rejoice together, so I shall
write on this slip of paper the most
cherished kuowhlcgo of my soul; and
will you give her It this night end
say: 'John Wilson wants that you
should partake of his joy even though
he may not share yours.' "
"But John!, that will not bring our
marriage any nearer," whispered" tho
girl, turning aside lest he should catch
the quaver in her volco.
A strong arm drew her close, "You
ask her again about me, Girlie, in the
morning; thero Is a miracle In my
joy." And pressing tho folded slip
to her bosom Mary Deyo prayed for
the showing of the miracle.
"Is Josus Christ In Heaven truly?"
over and over again did a seducing
voice inquire, and mock and disclaim,
to a meagre stern faced little woman
who strove vainly to elude it. "Wrota
ter me did he?" she snapped, as the
note was timidly given her. "For two
pins I'd pitch it into tho hearth!" But
late that night the crumpled slip was
still held In trembling grasp.
Twenty years the old family BIblo
had lain unused In tho spare closet.
"Wo'll see if It backs up this noto o'
Ihat trlflin' preacher," muttered Mary
tho elder nt near on to "midnight. Her
eyes showed cold and glinting as sho
opened the Great- Book; but soon the
liardness melted beforo that which
has ransomed the guilt of eternity.
"Could a man pray fer them that nails
Him to a tree?" she marveled. "And
the Story sure reads likely: Ef He
did, hadn't I oughter pray fer Deekin
Sims and the rest of 'em? and
mebby fer him that deserted me? Oh
You Preacher! You thai prayed for
them that nailed Ye! Ask the Al- v
mighty Father to forgive a sduful
The hours passed by unnoted by the
elder Mary, and as gilded waves
swelled upwards from the oast, she
glanced from her chamber window
and saw a girlish figure steal from
the house and start ascending a hill
which overlooked the village. "Land
to gracious! It's Mary a-gofiV to git
a look at where he's a-stoppin'," sho
ejaculated, and then the Wondrous
Story that her eyes had but read in
the Book unfolded to her soul in tho
mightiness of It3 Truth. "It must
have bo'n sech a mornln' when that
Other Mary went to see His Grave,"
she whispered. "And then She found
THIS: "nnd the crumpled slip of
paper was smoothed in tho lamp's
fast fading light. "I sco it! My poor
old eyes see it," cried the woman, now
on her knees. "And I must set the
gal a seeia' of it too."
Down stairs shuffled tho little wom
an, near falling in hor feverish hasto.
"There! That plagued door ain't
shot," she gasped. "Never mind, with
tho lord's help this old hand o'mtne
'ill stay to the plow and I won't turn
It was a steep ascent and tho pant
ing pursuer called wildly to the other.
"Wait fer me, gal, I want to tell yer
about tho note." But the object of
her beseechlngs thought enmity was
In the motive and quickened the pace
to a run. A mighty wonder had mean
while gathered In the east, whose
translucent halo, glowed and deepened
with the subllmo travailing of the
morn, and lo! There was born to the
quickening earth a ball of molten
gold; by whose spendor night's sor-
row sweat was changed to Iridescent
glory. For some reason the glowing
radiance-dazzled the fleeing girl, and
her foot caught upon a stone.
"Let mo help yer Mary, child," rant
ed the other woman, in a voice sur
prising even herself in its gentleness.
"I only wanted to show yo what thai
thero preacher of yourn wrote ter
me. I've be'n a miserable crlttur all
these years, but now I thank tho Al
mighty that He has One Good Son,
and that mebby ye have found ono
that takes after Him some."
Tho younger Mary read the crum
pled note, and then glanced at the
shining cast. "1e words nro true,"
sho murmured. "God also has said
in yonder sky, 'HE IS RISEN,' "
Stolen Picture Found.
Thero Is much Joy over tho retnrn
of Vnndyck's celebrated canvas, "Lift
ing of tho Cross," to the church ot
Notre Dame, In the ancient city of
Courtral, Belgium. Two years ago
the picture was stolen and only recov
ered recently. It was so roughly han
dled by the thieves that It was neces
sary to send it to Antwerp for restora
tion. This week it was carried back
to Courtral In triumph. A long pro
cession of prominent citizens nnd lo
cal societies followed It reverently
through the streets, nnd It was In
stalled In Us former placo to the ac
companiment of choral masses. "
"Seems to mo your play runs too
much to epigram.
"I'm leading up to a new form of
thrill. Instead of dodging destruction
i y locomotive, buzzsaw or pilediiver,
i. y hero narrowly escapes belug talked
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