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About Capital city courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1885-1893 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 1, 1891)
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CAPITAL CITY COURIER, SATURDAY, AUGUST i, 1891
Thk Old Rkliamlk
U still I lemlqtini tern (or
Ices, Cakes, Candles, Etc.
Our Special order depart
ment for catering to private
residence and parties is the
most popular in the city
"Prompt delivery, pure oods
and reasonable prices" is our
ICE CREAM PARLOR NOW OPEN.
1307 0 St. Telephone 601
Wo beg to Inform joti (lint our Slock of
Spring aid Summer
It now ready (or juur Inspection ami
comprises nil thu
Finest French I English
Eferj Garment Strictly First-Class I
Guckert & McDonald,
317 S. 15th St. Corrttpondence Solicited
May be produced by tlio me or MRS. OKA
HAM'H Eugenie Enamel ami her Homo
Bloom. The complexion and color are made
Krfoct, mul the closest scrutiny couUI noi do
3t one Kruln or powder or the leant Indlcn
Uon or nrtlttclal color. I will stake my rep
utation that on any fuco I cnu Hive the most
delightful complexion and color with Eu
genie Kuamol and Koe Uliwsoiu, and
that no on could possibly tell tliat
the uolor or complexion were nrtltlc
ial. TliU U high art In cosmetic. Thoy
arc each more harmless than any other cos
metic In tlio world, bocauno they nre each ills,
solving In their nature, and thus doe not
clog up tlic pore. When imIur these Hiipurb
coatnntlc you may wipe the dust or porspl
rmttoii from tlio face without marring their
delicate beauty. They rvmuln on all day, or
nntll washed on".
Price or each II; tho two scut iinvuhcrofor
H. For sale, by IIOWAKIV8 DIAMOND
PHARMACY, Northwest Corner N and VJth
Mr. Graham, 104 Toot it., Ban Francisco,
treat laities for all defect or bleiuWIiei ot
face or figure. Send stamp for her little book
How to Re Heautirul."
HOW IN HEW QUARTERS !
Lincoln Trunk Factory
Where we will be glad to tee all old
friend and customers and nt many new
one as can get Into the store.
O. K. WIR1CK,
WIRICK & HOPPER.
JL VEAE I I lindcriAk a k.lM.
Jk Villi " " ma mmI wrtw.tiul Hbo,
Mil 1 1 1 1 ln.t laiirutiloa. will rli ladumHii:
32 Tr'' yhl "" kMM Dalian a
iMrt Mim lrlltl,krr'r Iktjr ll.t.l III tlio frnltk
JM atUaiba Mail.ijravl,al Kblcli )u no ram Ibal anal.
M m fcr m aUB MccaatAjtM aUit. tally tail quickly
I mw. I ttn Uii sa arorkw from nch dl.irUi orrouair, I
tkWJwtdjrlnnai tt pmld4 alia mi loi lumi in.
Master, wkatnmaklacottr in i(.lnHKW
.. ALLkN, Has . Ami Ml, Ml),
tack r tlilf lull llf tnl rk a , f ,m,
rf Hums Gf-uuiC
They are intelligent, faithful
and well disciplined.
Onei the I'retlilenl Himself Appointed
Them How They Are) I'ald Inttanrei
of I'ennnal llrntrry OriiMiiUnlloii of
thn 8erlci Coal of Unci Hnm'i l.lght.
WABitiNOTON, July U!). Ill my letter
tlio other dity on tlio llglithouso nervlce
of the United Stntca I had not thu npace
to write ott that branch of the mihject
which la of uqtial Intercut to that of the
llKhthoiiao Mnietiires theinnelvca the
lrxoiinel of thu e.itibllhincnt, The
ilKlithonse koepern form iiiltc n little
nnny in thettuelvca The llrst light
keeper In thloountry,of whoso appoint
nient there lennthontlo Information, was
George Worthyhike, aged forty-throw
yearn, who vih made kecer of the light
hotiso on Llttlo Ilruwoter Island In Uov
ton harbor in 17I0. Iliit eonipensatlon
wiui fifty pounds n year.
When the federal government took
charge of thu llglithouso establishment
thonppolntnient of keepers win made by
the president, and imltu a uttmlor of
commlsslotiR bear the idgnnturo of Ueorgo
Washington himself, who took great in
terest in lighthousu affairs. Ono of the
llrst official acts Washington ns presi
dent crforined, was to write to thu
keeper of Sandy Hook light, directing
htm to keep it burning until congress
had opportunity to provide for Its con
tinuance. Jefferson also took personal
interest in lighthouse a Hairs and in it
personnel. There nru hanging in thu
office- of tho lighthouse toard in this city
n mtmlcr of letters from Washington
and Jefferson on llglithouso matters.
But us thu number of lighthousu keep
ers increased presidential interest In
their welfare ceased also. Now tho up
polutmentH nru nil tuadu by collectors of
customs subject to thu approval of thu
treasury department. There nru some
thing like l, '-MX) llglithouso keepers now
in tho employ of tho government. While
it does not require u high order of talent
to become u lighthousu keejier, It does
reipilro intelligence, faithfulness, strict
sobriety and u willingness to lend n life
of isolation, often accompanied by dan
gers and hardships. The appointment
of lighthouse keeper U restricted to per
sons between thu ages of eighteen and
fifty. They must be able to read, writo
iiud keep accounts and do thu requisite
manual labor. Thoy must be able to
pull and sail a boat, and have enough
mechanical ability to keep the premises
in repair and in order.
Keepers aro forbidden to engago in any
business which can interfuro with their
presence at their stations, but it is no
unusual thing to find n keeper working
at his station as a shoemaker, tailor or
in some similar capacity, and there nru
light keepers who fill the neighboring
pulpit, who hold commissions as justices
of tho peace, and there are still others
who do duty aa school teachers without
neglecting their lighthouses.
Llglithouso keepers and their families
are tnado very comfortable. Their pretty
anil substantial houses are often sur
rounded with ground enough for garden
and poultry raising or any other light
business. When they aro bo far distant
from market as to mnko the carriago of
tho necessaries of life a burdensomo tax,
tho government provides them with fuel
anil provisions. Every keeper has his
boat, usually n very handsome llttlo
yacht, and the government also builds
him a barn for his cattle and horses.
Something is also done for tho Intellect
ual needs of himself and family, Tho
board has provided over 000 circulating
libraries. These libraries aru arranged
in cases so constructed that they make
rather a neat nppenrancu when set upright
on a table, and they only need le closed
and locked to be ready for transporta
tion. Each library contains an average of
fifty books, historical, scientific, poeti
cal and good novels, together with a
Bible and a Vrayer book. Ono of these
libraries is left at a station for some
three months, when it is exchanged, and
the first is .Missed on to another station.
8o each of tho stations to which libraries
are furnished Bees some 250 different
books each year. Lighthouse keepers
are paid all tho way from $100 to fl.OOO
it year, according to the nature and im
portance of their services. The latter
figure, with the perquisites, such as
house rent, etc., which go with it, make
it a very respectable income. The dis
cipline of the service is rigid nnd severe
anil has been from the beginning. A
keeper found iutoxicateil is not only
summarily dismissed tho service, but he
is instantly ejected from tho station; nnd
a keeper who allows his light to go out
is dismissed without excuse or regard to
his previous good conduct
The board considers it the duty of ev
ery lighthouse keeper to stand by his
ngntasiong as thu llglithouso stands,
and that for him to desert it when in
danger is as cowardly as for a soldier to
leavo his guns on the advance of tho
enemy. Hia failure to keep his light
burning, especially In time of dnngcr,
may cause tho wreck of vessels looking
for it and result in tho loss of much
property nnd many lives.
Keepers are trained to consider the
light nnd tho lighthouse property their
paramount duty beyond any personal
consideration, nnd the esprit du corps Is
such that instances have happened
where the keepers on duty have, as iu
the case of the first light on Mlnot's
ledge, gone down with their lighthouse
and died nt their post; others, where the
keeper has saved his lens, letting his
family Bhift for themselves, and there
aro repeated instances where the keeper
has saved tho lighthouse property and
lost his own.
An instance of heroism is that of the
keeper of Sliarp'a Island lighthouse, in
Chesapeake bay. It was lifted from its
foundation, thrown over on it side and
carried away by ice early in February,
1891. The keeper and hia assistant clung
to the fallen house, and, although one of
their boata remained uninjured, they
were adrift in the bay sixteen and a half
hours without flre or food, always in im
minent danger, as the heavy floating Ice
constantly threatened '.to swamp the
hotiso. It grounded, howevor, on nn is
land shortly after midnight, nt high tide,
and was full of water. Being satisfied
that It would not float ofT again, the two
keepers went ashoro In their boat, nnd
when tho tide had fallen they returned,
saved nnd took to thu shore the lens, Its
pedestal, thu oil, the library, much dam
aged by water, nnd even tho empty oil
cans. Meantime thu keepers of another
lighthouse, fearing thu Ice, had desorted
their jiost and gone nshoro, Those were
promptly dismissed from thi service,
anil tlio two keeper who had spent thesu
terrible hours afloat and finally saved
their apparatus weru highly compli
mented by a letter from the toanl and
wro apjKilnted to thu deserters' places.
All thu keeper in tho sixteen light
(muse distrfcts aro under u llglithouso
Inspector, one for each district Tho
lighthousu Inspector Is always a naval
officer, usually of tho rank of commander.
Ho is detailed to this duty for a iterlod
of three years, This detail is regarded
as thu softest shore duty that a naval
officer can have, and it is eagerly sought
after. It is thu duty of an Inspector to
attend to supplying thu tights of their
resxctivo dlntrlctst to keep up the dis
cipline of thu light keepers; to inspect
thu light stations, lightships and light
tenders, and all the lighthouse people
and property in his district each quar
ter; to attend to thu examinations, pro
motion and transfer of tho keepers; to
act as purchasing and disbursing officer,
and to pay each keeper his salary each
quarter. As a disbursing officer ho is
responsible for very largo sums of monoy,
but no pecuniary bond is required of
him, as his commission in thu navy is at
etako for thu proiier performance of his
duty. It may bo said hero with credit
to thu officers that thu government has
nover lost n cent Intrusted to any of them.
But tho officer on duty as lighthousu
Inspector, as was said before, has a very
pleasurable assignment. Ho is iiermit
ted to Hvo In any portion of his district
thai ho may choose. Ho has nbi-oluto
control of tho lighthouse tendor, which
Is n vessel fitted up llko a millionaire's
yacht. Ho patrols his district Ih this
vessel nt will, and in tho summer time,
as may well bo imagined, ho keeps her
very busy. Ho is nmenablo to no au
thority but tho treasury department.
Associated with tho naval lighthousu
Inspector in each district is a lighthouse
engineer, who is always an officer of the
engineer corps of tho army. It Is his
duty to prepare plans for llghtlwuso
structures, to purchaso tho innterial, ar
raugu for tho labor and take chargo of
their erection. He nnd tho naval In
spector usually Hvo in tho same portion
of their district, and with the naval in
spector ho has equal enjoyment of the
beautiful steam yacht at their disposal.
Thudutiea of tho insiwctorsand engineers
are not only difficult, but often danger
ous. Two inspectors recently lost their
lives while on duty Lieutenant Com
mander Wright by yellow fever and
Commander McDougal by drowning
and General O. E. Babcock, of whisky
ring fame, was also drownod while try
ing to land at the she of u lighthouse
which was being built under hi charge.
There are 0,050 nautical miles of light
ed coast on the ocean, gulf, bay, sound,
laku and river shores, not counting tho
Ohio, Mississippi and Missouri rivers,
which are lighted on a different nnd
cheaper plan. Tho sums actually expend
ed in lighting and buoying these 0,050
miles of coast during tho year ending
Juno 00, 1880, was ?2,U00,000. Tho average-
sum paid for maintaining an aver
ago light station during the eamo yenr
was from 3,845 for stations of tho first
class, to $559 for stations of tho sixth
class, bor maintaining a lightship the
average cost was $5,000 per annum, for
the averago fog signal $3,200 per an
num, and for maintaining each steam
tender or yacht $15,000 per annum.
A question having iirUen as to the
length of our coast lino, thu lighthouse
board recently asked tho coast and geo
detic survey to furnish it with a state-
jinentof the length, in statute miles, of
iuo general Beacoasi or tno Atlantic,
Gulf, Pacific and Alaskan waters, and
also the coast line in statute miles of the
same coasts, including Islands, bays,
rivers, etc., to the head of tide water.
In reply to this the' coast and geodetic
survey sent the following statement:
OKNKIMI. SfcACOAST OF TUB UNITED STATU.
Atlantic Ocean 2,043
Gulf or Mexico 13s
Pacific Ocean ...,1,810
tNCMJOIKO liiaNns, bavs. n I vers, trc., TO
TIIK HEAD or TIDR WATtll.
Atlantic Ocean 00,510
Oulf or Mexico 10,113
Pacific Ocean p.ooo
Alaska.... , S0,3T0
This mileago does not include the more
than 8,000 miles of lako coasts, nor the
nearly 5,000 miles of rivers which are
lighted, but it does include tho Alaskan
coasts, which aro not lighted.
Still Vigorous at Eighty.
Pope Leo XIU selected Archbishop
Kenrick, who is soon to celebrate his
golden jubilee, to confer in his nnmo the
red hat on Most Rev. James Gibbons,
archbishop of Baltimore. Tho cardinal in
his sermon nt the time oxpressed delight
at the selection. "We venerate you as
tho senior of us nil In years," said tho
cardinal, turning to Archbishop Ken
rick, "as well ns in episcopal ordina
tion; but still more do wu revere you
for your learning, your piety, your un
flagging zeal in a word, for nil those
virtues of a bishop which havo for so
many years made you an oxamplo and
shining light to our steps in the work of
rullug our dioceses, nnd feeding the
flocks committed to us with the food of
And yet, despite the fact that thishutn
inary of his career might lend one to be
lieve he must bo a feeblo old man today,
Archbishop Kenrick is younger look
ing and more activo than iu 1872 when
Archbishop Ryan, now of Philadelphia,
was his coadjutor. In 1884 Archbishop
Ryan was transferred, and Dr. Kenrick
ha alone managed the affairs of the tee
if St. Louis since.
A Man Mho Knew t.lnrnln nnd Practices
l.itw at the Age of Ninety .one.
Colonel Isaac H, Greene, of Louisville,
Is ninety-one yearn old, in firm health
or bod)' and mind,
and still active
ami successful In
tho practice of
law He enJo)s
lite, too, nnd Is a
All this Is good,
but the chief point
of Interest In the
old gentleman Is
the close,, personal
enjoted with nil
ureal orators from
COLONEL J, It. OIIKF.NR.
1&33 to 1 SCO, and when lie fs fn a reminiscent
mood his talk more fascinating than
poetry or romance.
. Henry Clay, Hen Hardin nnd Tom Mar
hnll are his favorites, but he tins pleasant
recollections also of S. S, Prctitlis, Jo Holt
and Abraham Lincoln. He wiun boy com
panion of Lincoln's, and met the future
liberator again man) )er later when
IkiHi were soldiers Iu thu so called Hlaclc
Hawk war. In boyhood ho was often put
up to ntco with Lincoln, and it ivasnu even
thing between them, but when they met In
thu "war he was nowhere. Lincoln easily
outran every ninn in the command, and In
a wrest Iu there were but few who could
matoh him. llecoulJ also throw tho Iron
bar farther than any competitor. "But It
was in story telling," says Colonel Greene,
"that Lincoln won the admiration ot all.
Night after night his tent was crowded,
nnd wu nil forgot his homeliness when he
began to talk. Wo agreed ho would grow
to bo considerable of a llgure in thu world,
but nonu of us dreamed he would become
ni great as he did or In the way he did."
Colonel Greene wns born on a farm near
Albany and tilled thu soil at various west
ern places to the age of twenty-eight, when
ho went to Kentucky. When tho Black
Hawk war ended ho uuuaged In collecting
claims for his fellow soldiers ami was so
successful nt It that his friends advised
him to study law. Tho 8400 he had earned
as a claim agent was expended in getting
his law kuowlciluu and his library, and In
1831 he began to practice In Louisville,
where lie has ever since resided, He takes
long unit Ions, however, hu and his nged
wife spending thu hot weather with their
daughter In Chicago
NEARLY FORTY YEARS IN OFFICE.
A Mluoiirl Man Who linn tlceu I'oit
nutter Since riereo'n Time.
Probably the oldest postmaster In tho
United States Is Elijah Watson, of Kusli
vltle, Buchanan county, Mo Hu was up
pointed postmaster by President Frankl' 1
Pierce in June, 1853, and has held thu office
continuously until the present time. Mr.
Watson is a Democrat, but no objection
has ever been made to him on tccount of
politics, although he has served under
mote Hcpubllcnn than Democratic presi
dents Hushvllle Is a village of less than 300 In
habitants, yet six railroads pnss the place,
and Postmaster Watson, who is now
seventy-live years old, "makes" twenty
four tnall trains dally, carrying thu sacks
on his back nearly half a mile, In his
thirty-eight years' service ho has not lost a
single letter. Onco during the wnr bush
whackers broku Into the office and robbed
It of the supply of stamps, and nt another
time Kucrrlllas attempted his life. Mr.
Watson is of Kentucky birth, as is also bis
wife. They have had twelve children, six
of whom are living. April 15 last, ten days
before their birthday, Mr. Watson's twin
brother Ellslta died. They had lived in the
same vicinity slnco IS 12.
Irrigation In Utah.
A recent ceusus bulletin says that in the
territory of Utah thero are D.T24 farms that
are Irrigated out of a total number of 10,
757. The averaae size of the irrigated
farms, or more strictly, of those portions
of farms on which irrigation is practiced,
is twenty-seven acres. The average first
cost of water right is $10,53 per acre, nnd
the average cost of preparing the soil
for cultivation, including the purchase
price of the land, is (10.10 per acre. The
average present value of the irrigated land
ot the territory, including buildings, etc.,
is reported ns 3S4.23 per acre, showing an
apparent profit, less cost of buildings, of
157.00 per acre. The average annual cost
of water is (0.01 per acre, which deducted
from the averago annual value ot products
per acre, leaves an average annual return
of (17.12 per acre.
Her 1 1 11 ib ami Struck Oil.
People are not always ashamed of the
source of their wealth. Witness the case
recently reported from Pennsylvania.
Among those who rose from poverty to
nfllueuce by the discovery of coal oil upon
their farms was a family named McCune,
living Just outside of Pittsburg. When
the husband died the wife expended more
than (10,000 in n burial plot and Its decora
tion, and she has now erected a monument
coktiug (40,000 more, upon which Is cut nn
immense oil derrick, as she desires, she
says, that her heirs und friends shall re
member the means by which she was en
ablcd to fully enjoy this life.
A New llrauiu by Duma.
A comedy on which Alexandre Dumas
has been at work for more than a year Is
now approaching completion. Last win
ter the brilliant dramatist spent several
weeks at Monte Carlo, wheru he watched
intently the operations of the gaming ta
bles, and it Is conjectured that tho casino
will figure among tho scenes of tho forth
coming piny, but It Is not likely that his
Monte Carlo will equal his father's Monte
Cristo In general Interest.
A seeker after curious and little known
facts has discovered that nil tho presidents
ot the United States save Willlnm Henry
Harrison had blue eyes
OptseJ Jan, 1, '91.
TKItMH-UAUTO f ,(i
be latter price IiiiIuiIik IImIIi,
First-Class in Every Respect!
ItHliqiietK, IIiiIIh mill II crept lima.
Wenie miei'lally well piepnrcd to enter
lain lnrKciir Mnnll ituthriinvH nt ItnniiiietH,
Hulls, lleeei'tloim, Kte. ltnlis nnd full Infor
mation cheerlnlly ulen at Ihi-nltice.
Cor I 1 nilii Sis.
FAST MAIL ROUTE !
2 DAILY TRAINS 2
AtchNon, Leaxenworth, fit. Joseph, Kansas
City, St. Louis and all Points South,
East and West.
The direct line to Ft. Scott, Paisons
Wichita, ' Hutchinson nnd all p-hclpal
points in Kansas.
The only road to the Great Hot Springs
of Arknnsn. Pullman Sleepers ai'l FVee
Reclining Cbnlr Cms on nil train.
J. E. R. MILLAR, R V. R MILLAR,
City Ticket Agt UsVI ijmt
SIDEWALK AND BUILDING
Notary Public and Real Estate Dealer in Gity and Farm Property
rtUnl I'UII lUt.
North German-Lloyd Steamship Co.,
Hamburg-American Packet Co., and Baltic Lines.
Also Raihoad Agent for the different Companies Knst and West
Southampton, Havre, Hamburg, Stctten, London, Paris, Norway, Plymouth, Ilicmen,
Sweden, and any point In Europe.
Post Orders and Foreign F.xchange issued to all prominent points in Europe.
Having liirne facilities east with tlio bltjurust Hanks mid Having Institutions, I inn pro
pared to make all kinds ol (.onus on First ileal Estate Mortuaex, Cltv or Farm 1'iopeity,
Irom 1 toS year, nt the lowest Intoiest I also deal hi School llomls, State, Comity anil City
Warrants, nlo In State, County and City Cor tilled Claims, and will uluiijg pay tint highest
market price. Call ami ee mo or Coriespond with me,
L. MEYER, ioS North Tenth Street.
UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT.
The - Bond.
J. G. BURPEE, Proprietor.
This beautiful new house under Its present management will bo conducted In
thorough first class style on the American plan, rates $2.00. It has
ALL MODERN CONVENIENCES
Including passenger elevators and bath room on ever floor. Tho sleeping
apartments are large and elegantly furnished and may be had either single or en
suite. We have reserved a limited number of rooms for city patrons and are pre
pared to give excellent table board with or without rooms at reasonable rates.
Call and see us,
C. K. Montgomery. President.
Herman It. HclmborK, Vlco Prest.
.Trianlili ll.int,.iii. r',.l.ln-
.-,.. .."..,. (it;, , t,1t;a
H O. J. Wilcox, Ami. Cnshlor.
,' German National Bank,
Capital . .. $100,000.00
Surplus . . . 30,000.00
Transacts a General Banking Business
lilies pttei,(,rt.rt,,rawilinfion all iiarls
or the world. PBtii collections a specialty.
Nebraska's Leading Hotel.
Cor. Hth anil Harney Hu.,
All Modem Improvement and
B. 8ILL0WAY, Pro-rletor.
IRA HIOBY, Principal Olerk
Cor. iath and Q.
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