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About Capital city courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1885-1893 | View Entire Issue (July 4, 1891)
CAPITAL' CITY COURIER, SATURDAY JULY ., iS9t
MR DEPEWS ADDRESS.
HIS EXPLANATION AND
TlOfl OF HIS GALENA
REMARKS. Ha Bays Washington, Hamilton, Webster,
Lincoln and Orant Will He lleraam
bereri, Ileojuto They Wero Coiiitruetlvp,
Longer Than Many Other Great Men.
New Yomc, Juno 18. When Chauncoy
M. Depow returned from Galena, ho was
surprised to find that already n discus
slon hud begun respecting soino of tho
assertions which ho mndo in tho speech
of Juno 8. Mr. Dopew wns invited to
deliver the oration at tho dedication of
tho monument erected in memory of
General Grant by tho citizens of Galena,
aided by n Chicago admirer of Grant's
career. No request which ho has re
ceived in recent years appealed so
strongly to Mr. Dopow's sympathies.
Ho thoroforo prepared his oration with
great care and tho published report of it
printed from advance slips has been
widely rend with tho commont that Mr.
Depow lias never oxcelled this specimen
of his powor as a dedicatory orator.
In tho course of his speech Mr. Depow
declared thut a thousand years honco
these flvo names wore tho only ones
which would bo remembered by tho mul
titude of all tho men who had to do witli
tho establishment of tho American na
tionWashington, Hamilton, Webster,
Lincoln and Grant. It is this statement
which has created discussion. Eminent
men havo taken issuo with Mr. Depow,
and when ho returned ho found his desk
already laden with letters and with
newspaper extracts which, whilo compli
menting his speech, were disposed in
many cases to extend friendly criticism
in regard to this assertion.
CIIAUNCEY M. DEPEW.
At Mr. Depew's invitation tho writer
called upon him, and, as u result, an ex
perience of extraordinary Interest oc
curred. Mr. Depow had no thought
when ho began tho remarks, which are
quoted below, of any publication of them,
but they seem so important, so interest
ing and so likely to extend discussion
which may bo of value, speculative, al
though it is, that ho was asked if they
might bo mado public uso of, and ho
He pointed, with u half amused smile,
to tho lotters and to tho nowspnper ex
tracts, and he said that ho was surprised,
but ho must confess not displeased, with
tho discussion and interest which had
been arousod in respect to tho Galena
speech. He also said that it happened
that tho speech, as ho delivered It, varied
from tho speech which ho had prepared,
and of which two slips were sent to tho
dally nowspipers throughout tho coun
try. "I found myself facing a very enthusi
astic throng of some 2d, 000 persons, and
tho impulho camo to say certain things
which occurred to me at tlio moment,
and I yielded to it. Therefore tho print
ed speech and tho delivered speech are
nnliko in somo respects, Somo of those
who both heard and read tho speech
havo written to mo intimating that tho
oration as I delivered it was a more sat
isfactory effort in their opinion, perhaps,
than tho printed oration was. That is
for them to determine.
"In regard to tho assertion -which 1
mado respecting tho names which would
be remembered a thousand years hence
and I mean by n thousand years a re
mote period In tho future when several
centuries havo elapsed sinco tlio founda
tion of tho government of course in an
oration of that kind it was impossible to
elnborato and to explain. In tho old
days when Webster and Clay spoke, their
speeches required from three hours up
ward to deliver. They had a formnl
opening, a careful lino of argument
skillfully elaborated and then a formal
peroration, composed after tho models
of oratory which wero suggested by tho
successful speakers of tho past. But I
learned somo years ago that tlio modem
tendency is for a briefer oration.
"My formal speeches I so compose that
they will require not more than forty
five minutes in tho delivery. This meth
od of composition makes it necessary
that a speech should lo a series of epi
grams and of categorical statements. It
does not afford opiortunity for elaborate
and exteusivo explanation. For that
reason I was content simply to assert that
Washington and Hamilton for tho early
period, Wobstor for tho mlddlo period,
and Lincoln and Grant for tho closing
period of tho first century, wero tho only
men whoso names would bo remembered
by tho multitude a thousand years hence.
"Now I will explain exactly why 1
made that btatemont, and why I beliove
it to bo true. In the first place, tho men
of each century, thoso who carry on tlio
burdens of tho government and do their
part In maintaining it, absorb contem
poraneous interest; thoroforo tho tend
ency is that tho reputation of men of a
previous generation or century in ob
scured by tho prominenco of thoso of tho
Immediato day, and by this process oi
elimination only thoso of conspicuous,
extraordinary, permanent servico to tho
nation remain to bo remembered by tho
"A generation ago, for instance, tho idol
of a largo iortion of tho jiooplo, tho man
whose name was synonymous with un-
bounded popularity, was Horatio Sey
mour. Yet I presumo that not one in ten of
tho school children of today could toll who
Seymour wai or what ho did. So in Mio
remoter past tho splendid achievement
of Do Witt Clinton mado him of Illus
trious fnmo, and yet today tho younger
generation mnst turn to tlwlr school
books and their histories to discover who
"Just so in tho past nges, tho man of
tho multltudo knows Julius dinar's
famo and that of Ctcoro, but of all tho
other heroes of tho Roman empire, who
is there that is known except to tho
Bcholars and tlio historians? So, too, tho i
men of Greece whom tlio multitude now
know are Demosthenes, who spoko to
preserve tho nation, and Miltiados, who
fought with his little baud at Marathon
and saved tho republic. Theso men wero
tho constructive citizens; they built mid
they preserved, and that is the principle
which I recognize when I say that tho
five men whoso names 1 mentioned will
bo tho only ones of tho first century of
American life that will bo household
names, so to speak, centuries hence.
"It is not necessary to arguo in do
fenso of Washington's permanent fame.
His naino stands alone. In tho field lie
brought the nation forth, and as Its first
executive ofllcer ho did thoso things
which taught examplo to )osterity and
by which It has boon In so great measure
maintained. With him was Hamilton.
Ue aided in constructing, in building tliu
nation. It was his conception of what
tho form of government should bo which
ho maintained by thoso wonderful es
says, which Ikscaiho embodied in tho
constitution, and which are to this day
tho strength of that instrument
"To this viow wo owo our permanence
as a nation. And then, having thus aided
in constructing tho organic body and
giving to it a vital instrument which is
its corner stone, ho afterward created its
treasury department so perfectly that it
has existed for 100 years, almost without
chango, upon tho lines ho thon laid
down. Therefore theso two men, Wash
ington and Hamilton, wero tho construct
ors. Tho men whoso work in building
tho nation was visiblo then, is visible
now, and must bo over plain. For that
reason I say that theso two will in tho
future generations bo known to tho
multitudes as they are today.
"It has been said that if I mention
Hamilton I should also speak of Jeffer
son, but I think not, and I believe my
reason is sound. Jefferson, it is true,
wroto the Declaration of Independence,
and that act, of course, gave him con
temporaneous fame. Yet tho immortal
phrase where it is sot forth 'that all men
are created equal' was of itself a lie;
Jefferson himself was a slaveholder. 1
leavo him out because Ids achievements
wero not constructive.
"Tho doctrine ho taught camo to ho
accepted by tho whole south and by two
thirds of the north. Calhoun advocated
it It was a destructive doctrino, so far
as tho nation was concerned, and not
constructive. Wo went on for thirty
years with three-quarters of the jwoplo
holding to this deluding notion. Then
there camo Webster, and in a single
speech ho showed us that wo wero a na
tion. His reply to Hayne was a demon
stration, couclusivoaud permanent, that
tho United 3tates wero not and could
not bo a confederacy; that tho constitu
tion contemplated no such fragilo rela
tion, and that tho United States wero,
and of necessity must be, u nation with
tho ability to maintain its national in
tegrity. "Webster was therefore ono of tho
constructive men of tlio first century.
Ho took up the work which Washington
and Hamilton had begun.
"That was Webster's supremo service, i
and it was because of that, that his uauio
will go down through tho ages and will I
bo a namo of tho households a thousand
"Somo say i should havo included
Clay becauso ho is tho fathor of tho
American protectivo system. That
claim cannot bo sustained. Tlio protect- j
ivo system is tho policy of tho day, of tho
hour; a thousand years hence tho stu
dent and historian will know of it, but
to tho great multitude tho doctrino of
protection will bo as unfamiliar as wero
tho fiscal policies of tho Greeks. Long
before that tinio tho protectivo system
will have done its valuable work for tho
"Washington and Hamilton had found- '
ed, Webster had formulated, and it re
mained only to fortify. Tlio supremo
test of American nationality was to bo '
tnado onco for all. In that supremo cri
sis, coming, as it did, in tho closing years i
of tho first century, two men stand out '
conspicuous alKJve all others, just as two t
men wero thus conspicuous at tlio begin
ning, These are Lincoln and Grant.
They preserved, they finished the con
structive work, so far as the building
and formation or the nation was con
cerned, and it is for thut reason that
their names will go on through tho cen
turies while tho process of elimination
causes all of tho other noble and great
and patriotic men to bo obliterated from
"It should bo borno lit mind that I do
not mean to Hay that nono but these
whom 1 havo mentioned will bo known.
The student, tho historian, tho antiquary
will, during all tho centuries, study the
career of Jefferson, no doubt; Clay will
doubtless lo a fascinating subject for the
historian, aud so of tho other great men
who in their day aud generation have
performed Incalculable service for the
American nation. They will not bo for
gotten by the scholar, aud ho who reads
history will, of course, know of them;
but tho great masses, tho multitudes,
thoso who are busy with tlio affairs of
their day, tho porsous of daily activities
these are the ones who will know
Washington aud Hamilton, Webster,
Lincoln nnd Grant as wo know them."
I havo quoted Mr. Depow with sub
stantial accuracy, and it seems to me
that his remarks will bo of great interest
oven to those who may differ radically
with his conclusions. No report of this
most interesting exposition can suggest
the earnestness, the interest and thr. true
eloquence which were imparted to it by
Mr. Depew's perconality as lie said these
words. 13. J. EmvAitim.
MR. AND MRU DOWSER.
Ilow-er'n l.lltle l.mioii anil How He
"Mm. Downer," began Mr. Dowser, a ho
caiiio down stair tho other morning, "Id
this Ikhimu run on a system or I everything
expected fo take care of itself?"
"What do you mean ?" tho nuked.
"I menu tlmL I havo lieon lonklnii for n
1 shoeMrliik' for tlio last hour ntul a half, ami
I that nothing of the sort la to ho foiliiill"
I "No; I don't believe there Is one in the
I "I presumo notl I presume tho two hun
' dred pairs I bought In Detroit tliu day Isi-
fore wo left havo all been cliowcd up ny
t, cnt r sold to the rngiunn. If there's
a worse run house than ours In America
I'd like to see III"
"Why, Mr. Dowser, you only brought
homo three shoestrings, and you used two
of those to tie up your papers!1'
"Well, whero's tlio other?"
"I can't tell. We may havo lost it in
moving and unpacking."
"Dou'tdotibt it In the least. While nslion
string Is not as big as a piano or ns value.
bio as a clock, the loss of It shows a want
of system, a reckless extravagance truly
discouraging. Have you got a piece ot
clothes line In the house?"
"I I don't think so," she stammered.
"Probably notl Probably gone to Join
the shocHttltigl I must have something
to tie up my shoo with, however, and I
will Use a pkee of Btoveplpe wile,"
After breakfast, when ready to go out, lie
"Mrs. Dowser, 1 Imik you will take this
lesson to heart. Carelessness In a wife Is a
very reprehensible trait."
"You are Just as careless as I ami" she
"No, ma'ami No, ma'am. I never nils
lay anything, forget anything or lose any
thing! Very few husbands do. 1 will go
1 around tho world with a pin in my vest
and bring the same ono back with me. If
I you go out on tho street today you had bet-
I ter have a policeman go with you. If not
you'll lose your puna or be robbed of your
I When Mr. Dowser came up to luncheon
ho entered the house with a smile on his
face and the doormat in his hand, and
1 "I found a boy walking off with this
, matl lias any one taken tho range out of
tho basement? It's a wonder to mo they
haven't come in after the carpets!"
"That's a mat the girl put out in the bar
rel to be carted away," she explained.
"Oh! It is! More reckless extravagance,
I seel Mrs. Dowser, I want to sit down
with you some day and have a long talk.
I think you mean well, but you are defi
cient in judgment, and your kuowledgu of
tho world Is very, very limited."
"Do you know everything?" she sarcas
"Mrs. Dowser," ho replied, as hu folded
his hands under his coat tails and assumed
Ills favorite attitude, "there are probably
one or two things I don't know! I don't
claim to know it all, and I don't say you
know nothing whatever. The husband
who does not, however, know forty times
as much as his wife would be considered a
stick of a man Did you go out this morn
ing?" "I did."
"Was your bonnet taken ott your head?"
"Lucky very lucky! You are to Ins con
gratulated. I don't"
"Mr. Dowser, whero's your watch?" she
"My watch, Mrs. Dowser my watch is
He dropped his hand to find the chain,
but it was not tbeie. He felt for the
watch, but it was gone.
"Did you leave It at the jeweler's?" she
asked, as he stood with open mouth and
stared at her.
"Jeweler's! No! It'sgono! I've lost it!
I've been robbed!" lie shouted, as he danced
"It can't be. Feel your pockets."
"Pockets! Pockets! Do you 'sposo 1
carry my watch in my coattall pocket? I
tell you I've been robbedl"
"Well, don't take on so. Your wallet is
safe, isn't It?"
"G-goue!" ho gasped , as he put his haud
up "watch and wallet both gone!"
"You must havo been robbed In some
crowd," she suggested.
"Hobbcdl Crowd! Hobbodl Of course
I've been robbed!" be shouted as he pranced
about. "Git that Infernal cat oil that
lounge and leuiuiu lay down, for I'm so
weak I cau't stand up! Where is that cam
She ran for the bottle as he Hopped down,
and for the next three minutes he had his
nose in the opening.
"You ought to go to the police at once,"
she finally said.
"G-gouel G-gouel" hu gaspedv
"Dut how could you have been roblied?"
"I diiuiiol Hold the bottlu a little high
er!" "You are so careful, you know,"
"You never mislay anything or forget
' "And never lose anything, and have so
much worldly wisdom."
i "Ohl my head!"
I "I can't make it out. I am to careless
that 1 might lose a shoestring In moving
here from Detroit, but you"
"Don't talk to met Over $000 gouul"
"A woman tried to steal my reticulo in
DutTalo and 1 had her arrested, but it
seems that you"
"Gone! Gone!" he groaned.
"Haven't you no Idea of when it was
taken?" the persisted.
"Well, I am sorry, but this will Imj a
great lesson to you. You will be more"
"Mrs. Dowser!" ho Interrupted, as he
suddenly sat up, "I seu through it all now.
It's ns plain as daylight!"
"What do you mean?"
"I thought it uecesMiry this morning to
give you a llttlu advice. I felt It to be my
duty as a husband. This Is your way of
"Why, Mr. Dowser!"
.,,, W thllt ci,'llir over there!
Don't why Mr. Dowser mo! It's aa
I "How could I rob you or tell any ono
else to?" she demanded.
"Never you mliidl 1 see it all! It's all
right, Mrs. Dowser all right! Just let go
this camphor nottlu nnd take a scat in the
other room! A husband will bear a great
deal from the woman ho loves, but when
crowded too far ho turns at bay. I have
turned. As soon as I feel a llttlo bit letter
we will come to an understanding, and
you can probably take the noon train for
your mother's In Detroit. Kobbedl Plun
dered I Dut I see through It and know my
duty!" M. Quad in Now York World.
A Hail Citu of Mnui l'rltjlit.
Sock Did you ever have tho sensation of
Iluskin Yes, once.
Sock When was that?
Duskln Onco when I was on the Dead
wood couch, and It was held up.-Boston
THE FLAG THAT'S WAVED A HUNDRED YEARS.
A FOURTH OF JULY SELECTION.
Used ly permission
An'aYlflafl by Prof. ISADOntt
Pit n. - f - - f - r - f -
1. There' a ling that tells of Mb - cr-ty tlio sto
S3. On Its iiilgnt-y folds tlio slurs aro still ln-crens
fi. 'Tis tlio Iwa con-light of ieneo for-ov cr beam
lilnoj There's a
bwny; Still It
o'er; 'Tis tho
to its cmiio wo'ro ov
years aio roll-lug on
tcr ror to tho foo
Etlll fclmll hold Its sta
lutn hi a shall sot
nov er shnll sur ren
Let tho ban-ncr wnvu nnd
I n - I
( syj: g fcAbgh' J fcg
( 4 crts. j0" p Uggtero.
. 3 Z eres ff ten. p
J"T ' ' g ' ' ' " jdrrz
uu - - tlon. When they battled on 'innlst hopes and fenrs;
ev - er 'Tis their mem-'ry now tlmt flag en dears ;
Bpleu - - - - dor, Thcro's a ling thnt ov-cry heart ro vcrcsj
-M.g ; . --r-jrsrnpsj-i t . J- "J r-sw m
" I ' " ' - j aaaaaama ' I- ami i !. . -i
t Ji m r crtt. ff dim. p
rMzhsJs KA . ft. . I -m-r I Mf
ii, j t J -l- n fr-i ' N h- - r m:rig
W vM '" w ' T -a-
'jgjfcsrjrJL f .
'Tis tho bnt - tlo song of grand Columbia's Son,
Moving Household Goods and Pianos a Specialty
of Hitchcock u9 AfcCargo Publishing
Worda nnd Mualo
.a 4 '
"W T T
fing whoso stars nro glenm-lug In their
floats with-in rlio van with fnmo tin
sol dlor's Joy In (lnm lug unt tlo
: p dole.
'Tis tho flag
'Twin tho ban-
Let nil oth -
- - tlon. Tis tho Hag that's waved
. - er Tho .. ling that's waved
- der, 'Tis tho ling that's waved
float i"vto tho sky. Freedom's banner
f lbr-ga: ; ' fcis-i r
Copyright, 1659, by Ue.nj. W. Uitciicock.
BBBailBaKSBBBaaaaBBaBBBBtlaflLaK aC TJ
Co,, New York.
by MOHnott H, nOSENFRLD.
.. :' V
T T T T Ta
" W ' "a- i
It flat tors now In yon dcr
tho world it I10I1I1 Its no bin
a hope to nil tlio wlilo world
glo - - ry, And tin-
cens - - Ing, Whilo tho
stream - ing, Aud n
tlmt led tlio ho rocs of our
tier of our farther. and for-
cr na tlons bontt their ling of
Till tho doom ot Tlmo it
Foo nor ty-rnnt from Co
Thcro's a bun ncr thnt wo
a hun dred yenrsl
a hun dred years I
a hun dred years I
proud anil high i
marc. ""5; 3
ble.. .. Wosli-lng-ton
1001 0 Street.
1 1 1
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