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About Capital city courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1885-1893 | View Entire Issue (June 20, 1891)
CAPITAL CITY COURIER, SATURDAY JUNE 20, 189T
THE WORLDS FAIR TREl
0ESCMPT4O Of THE BIO SEQUOIA
THAT 18 TO BE AT CHICAGO.
A Land f 'Olanta Magnlltcent Urove
6,000 rent Above 'the Ocean The Ole
rlooa Mountain Wlltferneaa of the Net?
Sam Fbanoisco, Juno 0. Tho InrgoM
troca In tho world grow in tho California
Sierras. Australia haa iotoo oucalyptus
A TYriCAX BKQOOIA -flTANMNO IN n
that aro tailor; Africnhns basbabs .that
have a greater girth; but, nevertheless,
the superb sequoias of 'California are
unique in -tho 'realm of vegetable life.
A section of one of tho great sequoias
U to bo on exhibition at tho coming
World's fair at Chicago. Tho history of
tho enterprise is (therefore titnoly, and
of general interest
Pew persons, ovon .in California, know
tho great -sequoia in its own Sierra
home. It is a rare tree, found in only a
few groups or small 'forests of a few
acres, in the midst of pino, cedar and
other mountain trees. Tho groves of
sequoia aro all mnped, and lntvo been
described byompotentobscrvora. Thoy
are scattered along the axis of tho
Sierras for soino 1100 miles; some aro
loss than .twenty acres in extent, and
others cover nearly a thousand acres.
Tho total acreago is small, and, worse
'than all, tho species is slowly dying out
in its own homo. There nre more speci
mens of young sequoias in England to
day, twice orer. than in all America.
The forests are hard trampled by cattle,
and few young trees .iuauagoto survive.
CUTTING TUB CfUCAOO TJIKE.
So much for the general view. As
oou as there was talk of a World's fair
a young man from the south, named
Van Doorman, began to consider a
scheme of exhibiting a sequoia. Ilo did
sot know Unit about 18G0 a Californian
had tried tho same thing and had failed
completely. This Californian cut down
ono of tho largest trees then known, hoi
lowed out a section and shipped it to the
Atlantic beaboard. When put togcthei
it was shown in the larger cities, but tho
experiment proved a completo failure.
No ono was prepared to believe in a treo
trunk twenty feet in diameter.
Van Doorman, howover, had been a
dime museum proprietor, and knew tho
valuo of "ono of the largest trees in tho
world." Uo went into Tulare county,
in tho Ban Joaquin valley, and began
inquiries. There were groves of
sequoias in the eastern part of that
county. People called them "red
woods,'' and felled them for firewood
ONE-HALF OK TUB SECTION COT.
Portorvillo is the railroad station for
tho district. It is a new colony on the
eastern verge of tho broad valley, and
tho growth of fruit is tho leading indus
try. Some time in 1888 Mr. Doorman,
with his assistants, visited Porterville,
and finally heard of a particularly fine
tree that stood where it was accessible
with wagons. Thoy bought thin tree
from the rancher who owned the land,
paying him $1,000, and then engaged
teams and men for the work, in hand.
Tho treo chosen stood thirty-five miles
from Porterville, on a high ridge between
two mountain streams, and surrounded
with splendid sugar pines. Tho altitude
of the place was 0,!W5 feet above tho sea.
Tho particular treo chosen was 312 feet
high aud 00 feet in circumference at the
base. Forest fires had eaten deeply into
the huge buttresses of tho giant treo, aud
o it was necessary to cut n section higher
p, twenty-eight feet from tke .ground,
in fact, at which oint It was than
sixty foot In circumference.
All that was dono after the tree wm
felled was to secure a seotioa ill eet is
diameter and 9 foet In heigat, also a
olid section 1 foot high for tho base and
a similar section for tho roof. Tho rest
of tho treo, oxceptlng a small fart used
for ornamental purposes, was practically
wasted. The wood of tho giant sequoia
la much like red cedar; it takes a fine
polish, works easily and Is a favorite
with wood turners and cabinot makers.
When a section of tho tree was ob
tained it was hollowed out, or rather
there were immense staves cut from tho
outside, leaving tho bark intact In this
wny a room was formed that held 100
or mora people at one tltno. It was
set on carved pedestals, lit with electric
lights, aud steps were built leading to it.
It was then taken apart, tho staves num
bered, and all the sections were loaded
on huge mountain wagons aud hauled to
Porterville. Tho weight of the sections
was more than 70,000 pounds. Nearly
20,000 pounds of this represented tho
weight of the base.
Thirty men had camped for six months
in the mountains, felling tho giant and
hewing out the staves of tho hollow sec
tion; thoy had built roads aud loaded
great wagons. At hist, in tho spring of
1800, tho teamsters began to move. After
many mishaps tho treo was lauded safely
at Porterville and loaded upon the
freight cars The entire enterprise had
involved an expenditure of more than
$5,000 long before a dollar of returns
was in Bight. Tho section was taken to
San Froucisoo and placed on exhibition;
thenco it wont to the Atlantic states,
and it is booked for tho Chicago fair.
Larger trees than tho ono 1 have de
scribed tho Doormau treo aro found
In tho Tulare forests, on tho headwaters
of tho Kern, Kings and Kawcah rivers,
but uo more of them will bo allowed to
bo cut One of the largest over meas
ured in California has been named "Gen
eral Grant," aud has a girth of 110 feet.
Last summer a largo (tarty of campers
from Visalia, Tulou City and Porterville
"dUNKKAI. ORANT," WK I.AltOKST TJIKK
IN TUI-AUK. WITH CAMFBItS, UTC.
visited this tree, and a photograph taken
by ono of tho number shows more than
fifty men seated on the rough projections
of tho vast, buttressed tree trunk. If
tho base of this giant tree could bo hol
lowed out a room would bo obtained of
a third greater sine than that in tho
Doorman tree section. Hut it would bo
criminal folly to sacrifice tho largest treo
in tho United States to tho ambitions of
an exhibitor or tho exegiticica of a
World's Tair. The tree that haa been
secured is large enough.
Ciiaiu.ks Howard Siiinn.
Nkw Youk, Juno U. Tho "gran
dezza" was first instituted by Charles
V in 1620, just after his return to
Spain from Germany, where ho had
been crowned emperor. Desirous of imi
tating Charlemagne in everything, ho
created at tho time of his coronation
twelve )cers or grandees, whoso number
has gradually been increased to tho pres
ent llguro of 2-13. Admission to tho
"grandezza" is exceedingly difficult to
obtain, for it is necessary to prove such
a long lino of bluo blooded ancestry, un
sullied either on tho paternal or on tho
maternal sido by any plebeian strain, that
few venture to become postulants for tho
honor. Tho ancient ceremony of con
ferring tho grandezza is termed an "Al
mohada," which literally translated
means "taking the pillow," and is not
only extremely quaint and interesting,
but also exceedingly rare. Queen Chris
tina has held butouosiuco her husband's
death, while there were three, ono of
which 1 witnessed, during the roign of
King Alfonso XII. ,
It took place in tho srmtljjtjjirpno rcroin
of tho royal palaco at Mndrnl? Tho Wn
of grandeo rauk were to tho right df the
dais, and the ladies to the left On tho
king exclaiming, "Do seated," tlwjy all
took their places upon tnboure'.s, or
stools of carved wood, topped wih largo
purple velvet cushions, livery lx dy elso,
such as the members of tho diplomatic
corps and of the royal household, re
mained standing Then the doors at the
further end of the room o'HMied, and pre
ceded by a herald and two chamber
lains, aud accompanied by tho two gran
dees acting as sitonsora. the postulant for
admission to the "grandezza" appeared,
aud approached the throne with three
A tabouret, with purple cushion, hav
ing been brought and placed on tho low
est of tho steps leading up to tho throne,
the king commanded tho candidate to be
seated, and thereupon addressed a few
complimentary words to him, recalling
the services of his family to the dynasty
in bygono ages. Alfonso concluded his
littlo speech by exteuding his hand to be
kissed, nt the same tuno directing him
to take his placo among his peers. Re
tiring backwr.rd from tho royal presence,
tho newly fledged grandee was conducted
by his sponsors to the bide of tho hall oc
cupied by tho ladies of the grandee rank,
to whom he made a low bow, and then
to that of the men, whom lie saluted in
tho same manner. He thereupon put his
hat upon his head, his example being in
stantaneously followed by every grandee
present, who all remained covered until,
his Btool and cushion having been re
moved from tho steps of tho throno and
placed beside those of his peers, ho had
seated himself thereon. This brought to
a close tho actual ceremony of tho "Al
uiolmda," which wm rendered extraordi
narily picturesque by tho superb toilets
of the ladles, by tho gorgeous tabards of
tho royal heralds, mid by the brilliant uni
forms of the generals, tho court olllcials,
tho ministers or state, and last, but not
least, by those of the diplomats.
II nw In llrew Tea.
The old English fashion in browing
tea is this: Heat tho teaK)t which must
bo perfectly dry to about tho tempera
ture of boiling water, then put in tho
ten, tho proper quantity being ono tea-
! spoonful for every cup of witter and ono
1 additional spoonful. The dry tea is al-
lowed to rest in the pot for a few min
utes, atter wmeii tnu uoiitng water is
added. After this tho tenpot is to be
kept on tho fire, but the decoction must
not lie allowed to boil again for eight to
ten minutes. It is then ready for tho
' table; but It is always well to keep a
I "cozy" over tho teajnit to keep It at a
! projier temperature. If, after the water
i is poured on tho leaves, it is allowed to
boil, tho tanniu is extracted and tho bev
erage rendered bitter and unpleasant.
An earthenware pot is always the best
How to Iteuiove the Smell iif Oiiliim.
Parsley eaten with vinegar will re
move tho unpleasant effects of eating
How to (11 vi, ii Theater Party,
Say it is given by three young men to
three young ladies. Each young man
should write to the young lndy ho Is to
escort a note of invitation in" the third
person. Hero is a form considered good
in the city of New York:
Mr. John Smith prevnts Ills compliments to
MIm Clara Jones, and riHiicsti tliu ilvasuro of
her company uu Tliursdiiy ovcnlnc January
thirtieth. Maillson SUiiro theater. Currlwro
will call at ocvoii o'clock.
As a rule the number of tho house
should be at the top, and the date at the
bottom. Inclosed in the note should
be the cards of the other gentlemen.
Plain white paper, unruled, is the only
correct form. On the street each gentle
man should offer the lady his right arm,
aud never tnke hers. He should precede
her down the aisle of the theater, and
should endeavor to quickly remove his
coat in the lobby beforehand. This pre
vents unnecessary confusion in the sent
If the party are to bo seated in tho box
the gentleman should be careful to ar
range tho chairs for tho ladies. If there
is a chnperone, she should bo given tho
place of honor invariably. It should
never appear to her or any ono elso that
she is simply tolerated.
How to Stop Shoe Sipicnklne.
Drivo a peg into the middle of tho sole.
Leather saturated with castor oil be
How a Corpus la Cremated.
There aro several methods of crema
tion. Among the most practical is that
of Dr. Polli, of Italy, who obtains com
plete incineration or calcination by the
two of coal gas mixed with atmospheric
air, applied to a cylindrical retort of re-
, fractingclay, so as to consume the gaseous
products of combustion. This process
occupies two hours. In the Sieinen's ro
generatlvo furnace, which has been ap
proved by several high authorities, only
tho hot blast is used, tho body supplying
hydrogen and curbon; or a stream of
heated hydrocarbon mixed with heated
air is sent from a gasometer supplied
with coal, charcoal, peat or wood, the
brick or iron cased chamber bcitig thus
heated to a high degree before crema
Uow Long It Wo u hi Tuke u Trala to
lU'itch thn Sun.
If a railway were built to the sun, and
trains were to run without intermission
upon it nt the rate of sixty miles per
hour, it would require 175 years to make
, the journey to the sun, which is 02,000,
000 miles distant.
' How to Mukn Milk Tomt.
Melt two ounces of butter in ono quart
of milk; add a teaspoouful of flour wet
, with a littlo cold milk, and then beat it
inilialf a cupful of tho hot milk before
adding It to tho remainder. Beat two
eggs in a portion of tho hot milk, aud
, then stir them well in tho mixture.
I Strain tho cream and return it to the
oiuu, ui-uvii ii. buruiuuy lllllll it cuuics
to tho boiling point and thickens. Send
thin slices of well browned toast to the
table dipped in this cream, and ladle tho
remaining cream over each slice as it is
How to Miike I'lstitrhlii Ice Cruuui,
Blanch two ounces of pistachio nuts
in exactly the same way us you would
almonds. Lay them ou a plate in the
oven to brown a littlo: then put them in
a mortar with a tablespoouful of sugar
and pound them to a paste. Add a pint
of sweet cream gradually and 6tir the
mixture carefully. Prepare a custard
with a pint of rich boiling milk and half
n pound of sugar, beaten with tho yelks
of four eggs. Set the bowl containing
the custard in a basin of boiling water,
and stir till it begins to thicken; then
add a salts-ioouful of salt aud finally the
cream and pistachio paste. When tho
cream is nearly cold freeze It.
How to Mkiihi; llrouiiM,
By wetting brooms in boiling suds
onoo a week they will become very tough
and will not cut a carpet. They will
also lost much longer and always sweep
like a now broom.
How anil Where to Uu n Toothplrk,
It is never coiume il taut to use a tooth
pick at the dinner table, but it is essen
tially vulgar to uso one and endeavor to
hide your ill manners by covering the
operation with a table napkin. It an
accident arises that necessitates your
usiag one at table do so ojenly; tho ne
cessity will excuso you; tho napkin hid
ing trick would only attract attention.
When tho covers nro removed and the
ladies gone it is pardonable to use tooth
picks. Out their constant uso, which
Dome individuals indulge, is not alone
unmannerly but injurious. When thoy
must bo used, wooden ones are less in
jurious than quills or gold
Arr. by E. JONGHMANS.
ts Tempo di Mania.
fight ench oth-cr's bnt-tlts.
rades ov - or slnco wo
P 6 rf--
oth cr's joys.
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.am BaMlHlHs?EIralMaW? ""
Moving Household Goods and Pianos a Specialty
100 Finest Engraved
Calling Cards, $2.50
Wessel Printing Co.
Wordfl nntl MubIo by FELIX MoQLENNON.
m m.- a, m m "W
Wo from childhood plny'd to-gotlicr, MyitcarcoinradoJaok and I, .. . Wo would
To cneh oth-cr's aid wo'd fly.
Shar-lng each oth
Comrades, when manhood was dawn Ing, Faithful wlmt-o'er might bo
threatened, my dnr-ling old com-rodo was
jl -. . .: . ..
L - i r-aRTZ
CHORUS. Tempo il Vain.
Com rndes, coin
cr's sor rows, shar-lngcncli
tlicro by my sldo
a 11 1 rr
1001 0 Street.
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