Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The frontier. (O'Neill City, Holt County, Neb.) 1880-1965 | View Entire Issue (April 16, 1942)
Farm Youths Guard ‘Home Front'
Above photo shows one way thousands of rural youths from coast
to coast are learning new trades this year under a $15,000,000 “out
mf-school" training program being supervised by the U. S. office of
education. (hie pur
pose of the project is
to train young men
uho can take the
place in civilian jobs
of skilled workmen
being called for serv
ice in America’s fast
ex ponding war indus
try program. Second
ary aims are to pro
l>are farm and small
town youths to work
in agriculture as it
and to fit them for
mechanical work in
the army should they
be called for service.
Almost every state in
the Union is now of
under direction of a
state vocational of
Left: A youth at
a power hack saw.
Metalworking, forging, woodworking, operation and repair of
motors are t-mong the courses being offered. Above, students learn
how to cut metal at the Schenley company's machine shop at Frank
fort, Ky., where these pictures were taken. Plant technicians donate
their services as instructors.
At left, youths learn how to use a power drill, while student at
right is getting his first lesson in forging. Officials estimate that 75
per cent of courses are being given in rural areas, because big city
youths ian usually secure similar training at regular trade schools.
Youth ia being trained today for a mechanized tomorrow.
By MEREDITH SCHOLL
Associated Newspapers—WNU Service
THE late twilight enshrouded
Lorraine as she sat on the
hammock on the porch.
Kenneth came up the walk.
She called out to him and he came
eagerly toward her
•‘Lorraine!'' He sat down, grop
ing for her hand.
"Mom says Roger is coming
"Roger?” A chil! swept through
him. "Roger?” he repeated. "My
"Mom says your mom had a let
ter and he's coming for two weeks."
Kenneth released her hand! He
sat cold and rigid. "He’s here," he
said. "He came an hour ago. He's
over at the house now.”
Her excitement was like a living
something there in the darkness,
like a barrier suddenly looming be
"Here?” She caught her breath.
Kenneth turned on her savagely.
"So that's it? So it’s Roger you
love—want—after all? It wasn’t
me? All you wanted in me was
what belonged to him. All these
months that he's been away, you
haven’t loved me at all. It's him
And Kenneth struck again, a
savage jah that caught his brother
under the chin.
you wanted, him you planned to get,
"That’s it! I know now. I should
have known all along. But I
wouldn't let myself believe it. I
wanted you to love me. I wanted
to think you did. I made myself
think you did!”
"Kenneth, please! It isn’t that.
It isn't! I—I—knew> you were lone
some, and so was I and—and—and
we did have good times together,
"You’re lying! You're lying now
the way you've lied all these months
—to me. Leading me on. Letting me '
think you cared! I should have
known, but I loved you too much to
let myself believe. I was weak.
Weak like I’ve always been.”
"Kenneth, don't. You're not as
He laughed harshly, standing up,
clutching at the hammock chains
for support, staring into the dark
‘Because I'm Afraid.’
“He's coming over. He’ll be here
any minute. He’ll take you in his
arms and kiss your lips—and you'll
want him to.” He paused, not hear
ing the girl’s quick breathing. "He'll
take you from me. like he's taken
everything else. Ever since we’ve
been kids. Because he’s big and
strong and fun-loving and everyone
approves. And I’ll let him. I’ll
stand by and grin with that hero
worship look on my face—-because
He started toward the steps,
lurching drunkenly, a strange, hard
whimper coming from between his
lips. Lorraine followed him,
clutched at his arm.
“Kenneth, don't! I can't stand it
to see you this way. You shouldn’t
take on so. Kenneth! Please!”
He shook her off violently. "I’m
not blaming you! Not blaming you
at all. Nobody loves a coward. Only,”
his words tightened, "you shouldn't
have let me think as—you—did.”
Footsteps sounded on the concrete
walk. A cheery greeting came to
them out of the darkness. “Hell-o,
Lorraine!" It was Roger. Big,
strong, handsome Roger. Coming
toward them through the gloom.
The two on the steps waited, si
lent, dreading his coming, yet grate
ful for it, afraid of what might hap
The big man materialized out of
the darkness. He was grinning, hur
rying along, but he stopped at sight
of them on the steps; the grin faded,
because he sensed, with seeing the
look in his brother's eyes.
•'Kenneth!" he cried, trying to
sound good natured. "What the heck
are you doing over at my girl's,
you danged little runt?”
"She's not your girL She’s mine!
She's been mine ever since you went
away. Mine! Do you hear! Mine!"
"Yours. Lord, son, what's come
over you? Yours? Lorraine yours?
A little runt like you!"
"Ask her!” Kenneth said tightly.
"Ask her how we've been carrying
on." Behind him, Lorraine moved;
her fingers pressed into his shoul
Roger's face was suddenly dark.
"Listen, you little squirt. Lorraine
belongs to me. She always has. She
wouldn't waste time on a weakling
'Then come and get her! Come
take her like you have everything
else of mine that you wanted. Let’s
see you try!”
A moment the big man hesitated.
Then in the gloom he smiled and
came up the steps ''That’s what
I’m aiming to do. shaver. Now
Kenneth swung blindly. The
force of the blow surprised him,
awakened in him a spirit of con
fidence and faith in his own
strength. The feel of his
knuckles against Roger’s jaw
was good. Sight of Roger stag
gering back brought a sense of
joy and delight.
“Why, you—” Roger came at
him, his face contorted, his hands
reaching out. But Kenneth stepped
down, under the reaching hands,
and swung once more. The blow
sunk deep into Roger’s middle. The
big man grunted and bent forward
a little. And Kenneth struck again,
a savage jab that caught his broth
er under the chin. And he followed
this blow with another.
“You’ve always taken what you
wanted. Never considered me. Al
ways laughed and scoffed and joked
when I protested." His voice was
low and vibrant and harsh, filled
with passion and hatred. In that
moment he wasn’t Kenneth the
weakling, the small, puny, laughed
at younger brother. All the humilia
tion and anger and hatred he had
known and stored in his soul until
there was no longer room for more
was investing him with an unnatural
strength. It was the spirit of what
he had always longed to be asserting
Presently it was over. Roger lay
at his feet, bleeding from a half
dozen wounds. Kenneth stood over
him, his lips drawn back, sensing
for the first time the sweet content
ment and exultation that is the re
ward of victory in physical combat.
As from a great distance he heard
Lorraine’s voice. “Kenneth. Oh,
my darling! My dear! However
could you have thought it wasn’t
you I loved?’*
He became conscious of her hands
clutching at him. He turned to face
her, cold, aloof, triumphant.
“You fool! Keep your hands off
She staggered back beneath his
thrust. "Kenneth!” Her cheeks
were white, her eyes incredulous.
“You do—love me! You said I was
yours—you proved that no one could
take me from you. Oh, I was a fool
not to have known before it was you
I wanted, needed.”
But Kenneth had turned away,
was being lost in the gloom. His
laugh, hard and unreal, came drift
ing back to her. She heard his
“And I should have known it was
you—I didn’t want nor need. I
thought you possessed what I was
seeking, but now I know that I was
wrong. For I’ve found it, and it
was in me, not you.”
Donkeys From AH Parts
Of World Doctor’s Hobby
“You remind me of a donkey!”
This remark made by a friend is
vividly recalled to Dr. Comer M.
Woodward, professor of sociology at
Emory university, because from it
grew the idea which resulted in his
Dr. Woodward has accumulated
more than 150 miniature donkeys
from all parts of the world.
When Dr. Woodward is asked why
this collection interests him, he
laughs and says: “Seeing these don
keys constantly reminds me of the
times I have made a jackass of my
self and warns me to be more care
ful in the future."
In a more serious mood, he con
tinues: "Whe* I look at these don
keys I am reminded of many peo
ple in this world. The donkey has
always been a burden bearer, and
many people feel that they carry the
burden of the world on their shoul
ders. The slow, stubborn donkey
may also be likened to the human
race as it has sought to progress
through the ages.”
A set of eight brightly colored
horses are valued highly by Profes
sor Woodward. They are called
“Ming" horses, and are replicas of
some that date back to the Ming
Dynasty in China. Because the Em
peror Ming liked brightly colored
horses, he often had his horses
painted. Little replicas were made
by the Chinese and used in their
homes for decorative purposes
much as we use toy animals today.
A set of these toy horses was given
to Dr. Woodward by another friend
who became interested in his col
The genial professor of sociology
also has a donkey carved by the
man who plays the part of John in
the "Passion Play” at Oberammer
gau. an addition to the collection
made by a former student on his
return from Europe.
Interest in the donkeys does not
stop with his collection. All through
Dr. Woodward’s home evidences of
the little critters are found. His day
begins and ends with donkeys. On
his breakfast cream pitcher is the
image of a donkey, the books he
reads are held in place by donkey
book ends, and his pipe rests in a
donkey holder. Moreover, Dr. Wood
ward collects humorous stories and
anecdotes concerning donkeys.
With a chuckle, the Emory pro
fessor remarks that when he gets
old and doesn’t have anything to do,
he can look at his collection and it
will serve to recall some of his
accomplishments, people he has
known, and the impression he has
left with certain persons.
RUBBER ON FARM
MUST HAVE CARE
Rural Food Production
Increased Use of Rubber.
By M. R. BENTLEY
(Agricultural Engineer, Texas A A Id
Motorists—and aren’t we all?— j
have been so busy worrying about
the tires on their cars that rubber
on the farm has not received much
Rubber has played an increasing
ly important part in food produc
tion in recent years. Rubber tires
for tractors and farm implements;
rubber tubing in milking machines;
rubber rings for canning in glass
jars—the list is almost endless.
Here are suggestions for care of
rubber on the farm:
Block up the wheels to keep
weight off the tires when machines
and implements are out of the fields
for any considerable period.
If rubber-tired implements are
stored on cinder floors, block up
the tires or place planks under
them. The sulphur in the cinders
breaks down the rubber.
Tractor Tire Slippage.
Excessive slippage of tractor tires
causes heavy wear, just as skids and
quick stops do on automobile tires.
Over-loading the tractor is one cause
of slippage, and pulling in snow or
mud without chains is another.
Keep rubber-tired implements out
of the sun when not in use.
Under-inflation damages both rub
ber and fabric in the tires.
A solution of calcium chloride to
prevent freezing is recommended
for northern areas if water is used
in tractor tires to add weight.
Rubber tubing in milking ma
chines will last longer if it is kept
clean. After each cleaning and ster
ilization, the tubes should be hung
up to drain and dry.
By FLORENCE C. WEED
Goat Herd Value
“The poor man’s cow” has al
ways had a variety of uses. In Tex
as, New Mexico, Arizona and Ore
gon, goats run in sizeable herds.
Often 300 to a farm. They grow
fat on coarse vegetation on which
other animals would starve. In
these western states, the clip
amounts to about 16,000,000 pounds
of goat hair each year. This does
not nearly supply the raw material
for plush fabrics for upholstering
furniture and automobiles. Texas
has more than 3,000,000 goats
clipped annually while New Mexico
is next with 201,000.
Goat and kid skins make fine
leather for shoes, book bindings,
• leather purses and cases. Our goat
herds do not yield enough to supply
the need and 68,000,000 pounds of
skins are imported annually.
A milk goat herd, maintained by
the U. S. bureau of animal industry
at Beltsville, Md., has proved that
the Toggenberg and Saanen breeds ;
supply milk similar to the Holstein
cow. Goat milk has the advantage
of more vitamin B, a softer curd
and smaller sized fat globules and
is highly recommended for invalids
and people with delicate digestions.
The milk is widely used for mak
ing Swiss cheese. The meat is nu
tritious but is little used in America
except when the flesh of the angora
is sold for mutton.
Domesticated goats are thought to
be descended from the wild goats
of Persia. Wild goats are found only
in Europe, northern Africa and the
With so many automobiles at rest
much of the time, many garages
will find their usual work curtailed.
However, according to the U. S. de
partment of agriculture, garages,
particularly those In the country,
are likely to pick up much general
repair work for farmers and others.
Garage mechanics may be called on
to exercise ingenuity in making
parts normally supplied through oth
• # •
According to census figures, the
average acreage per farm in the
United States in 1940 was 174, com
pared with 154.8 in 1935 and 156.9
• • •
Save Baling Wire
Farmers use between 90,000 and
100,000 tons of baling wire a year
equal in weight to three large
warships—for baling hay, straw and
other forage crops, the U. S. depart
ment of agriculture reported in urg
ing farmers, dairymen, stockyard
operators and livestock producers
to conserve baling wire.
• • *
Watermelons Are Africans
Watermelons, summer-time deli
cacy, are believed to be natives of
\\T ITH this one pattern you can
* * outfit your youngster with as
fine a set of play clothes as the
most pampered child in the world
could own! The pattern includes a
smock—full cut, fitted through the
shoulders, topped with a round col
lar and appliqued with two bright
red apples which turn out to be
pockets—overalls of sturdy pro
portions and very brief rompers—
these again to be appliqued with
the cunning pockets. Decidedly
an invitation to start sewing at
once, isn’t it?
* * •
Pattern No. 8120 is for children of 2. 3,
4, 5 and 6 years. Size 3 smock, 1%
yards 32-inch material; over all Hi yards,
romper V» yard. Appliques 4x12 inch
piece plus 4x10 contrast. 21/a yards ric
rac for rompers.
Send your order to:
SEWING CIRCLE PATTERN DEPT.
211 West Wacker Dr. Chicago
Enclose 20 cents In coins for each
Pattern No.*.. Size.
-M. JOYCE MIINTER
k WCfK STARTIM*
^ April 17*
— x» ORCHESTRA
~ui STA6E REVUE
sot hn- wmoMtirrum
bI'NT * BEMKTT
MUFFINS. EASY TO
They really are the most delicious muf
fins that ever melted a pat of butter!
Made with crisp, toasted shreds of
KELLOGG'S ALL-BRAN, they have a
texture and flavor that have made them
famous all over America.
KELLOGG'S ALL-BRAN MUFFINS
2 tablespoons % cup milk
shortening 1 cup flour
% cup sugar Vi teaspoon salt
1 egg 2 Vi teaspoons
1 cup All-Bran baking powder
Cream shortening and sugar; add egg
and beat well. Stir In All-Bran and
milk; let soak until most of moisture
Is taken up. Sift flour with salt and
baking powder; add to first mixture
and stir only until flour disappears. Pill
greased muffin pans two-thirds full and
bake In moderately hot oven (400CF.)
about 30 minutes. Yield; 6 large muf
fins, 3 Inches In diameter, or 12 small
muffins, 254 Inches In diameter.
More "health''per glass
in California juica
The deeper color and more
delicious flavor of Califor
nia orange juice come from
Science proves this means
more vitamins C and A, and
calcium in every glass!
Seedless Navel oranges are
easy to peel, slice and sec
tion forrecipes, lunch boxes
and all-round eating.
Those stamped “Sunkist”
are the finest from 14,000
Copyright, 1041, California Fruit Grower* Exchange
Do Your Part by
Saving Your Tires
AND, YOUNG LADY, REMEMBER, IF YOU
BAKE AT HOME, THE ONLY YEAST WITH
ALL THESE* VITAMINS IS FLEISCHMANN'S
*Per Cake: Vitamin A-2000 Units (Ini.) Vitamin B,-150 Unit* (hi.)
Vitamin 0—350 Unit* (Inf.) Vitamin 0—40*50 Units (Sb. Bout.)
All of these vitamins go right into your bread; they are not appreciably
lost to the oven. Ask for Fleischmann’* Fresh Yeast—with the yellow labeL
fine roll - your
in every handy /
pocketcan of I
j DESIGNED FOR
^PERFECT ROLLED SMOKES!
IV & 10 P0&t«cA
PRINCE ALBERT’S BEEN
My TONGUE'S FRIEND
18 YEARS —WHAT COOL
MILDNESS, RICH YET MELLOW
TASTE! EASY, FAST ON ^
f THE ROLL,TOO- NO
OUT, OR WASTE
R. J. ReTTK>ld» Tabasco t)o., Win .ten-Salem. H. C.
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