The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, June 18, 1920, Image 5

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WHICH G. 0. P.
Party's Principles Enunciated by
National Convention at
iPlank Covering the League of Nations
l Considered In the Nature of a
Compromise Strong Stand
on Mexico.
Hero Is the platform adopted by the
Jtepubllcan national convention In ses
sion at Chicago:
The Itepublican party, assembled In
representative national convention, ro
amrms Its unyielding devotion to the
Constitution of the United 8tates and
to the guarantees of civil, political, and
religious liberty therein contained. It
will resist all attempts to overthrow
the foundations of tho government or
to weaken the force of its controlling
principles and Ideals, whether these
atempts be mado In tho form of In
ternational policy or domestic agitation.
For seven years the national govern
ment has been controlled by the Dem
ocratic party. During that period a
war of unparalleled magnitude has Bhak
en the foundations of civilization, deci
mated tho population of Europe, and
Heft In its train economic misery and
suffering second only to war itself.
Unpreparedness for War.
The outstanding features of tho Dem
ocratic administration have been com
plete unpreparedness for war anu com
plete unpreparedness for peace.
Inexcusable failure to make timely
preparation Is the chief Indictment
against tho Democratic administration
in tho conduct of tho war, Had not
our associates protected us, both on land
and sea. during the final twelve months
of our participation, and furnished us
to the very day of the armlstlco with
munitions, planes, and artlllory, this fail
ure would have been punished with
disaster. It directly resulted In unnec
essary losses to our gallant troops. In
tho Imporllment of victory Itself, nnd In
. Jin enormous waste of public funds llt
erally poured Into the breach created
liy gross neglect. Today It Is reflected
in our hugo tux burden and in the high
cost of living.
Unpreparedness for Peace.
Peace found the administration as un
prepared for peace as war found It un
prepared for war. Tho vital needs of
the country demanded nn early and
systematic return to a peace time basis.
This called for vision, leadership and
Intelligent planning. All three have been
Jacking. While the country has been
left to shift for Itself, the government
has continued on a war time basis.
The administration lias not demobilized
the army of place holders. It continued
a method of financing which was in
defensible during the period of recon
struction. It has used legislation passed
to meet the emergency of war to con
tinue Its arbitrary and inquisitorial con
trol over the life of the people In time
of peace, and to carry confusion Into
industrial life.
"Flounders Hopelessly."
Under the despot's plea of necessity or
superior wisdom, executive usurpation of
legislation and Judicial functions still
undermines our Institutions. Eighteen
months after the nrmlstlce, with It? war
time powers unabridged, its w-ir-tlmo
departments undischarged. Its war-tlmo
Army of place holders still mobilized, the
administration continues to flounder help
lessly. The demonstrated Incapacity of the
Democratic party has destroyed public
confidence, weakened tho authority of
government, and produced a feeling of
distrust and hesitation so universal as
to increase enormously the difficulties of
readjustment and to delay the return
to normal conditions.
Vever has our nation been confronted
'With graver problems. The peoplo are
untitled to know in definite terms how
the parties purpose solving these prob
iems. To that end, tho Itepublican party
declares its policies and program to bo
as follows-
Constitutional Government.
We undertake to end executive au
' tocracy and to restore to tho peoplo the
constitutional government.
The policies herein declared will be
carried out by tho federal nnd state
governments, each acting within Its con
stitutional powers.
Congress and Reconstruction.
Despite the unconstitutional and dicta
torial course of tho president and tho
partisan obstruction of tho Democratic
congressional minority, the Itepublican
majority has enacted a program of con
rstructive legislation which. In great part,
however, 1ms been nullified by tho 'vindic
tive vetoes of the president.
The Hepubllcnn congress hai met the
problems presented by the administra
tion unprepared for peaco. It has re
pealed the greater part of tho vexatious
war legislation, it has enacted a trans
portation net, making possible the re
habilitation of the railroad system of
the country, tho operation of which tin
nier tho present Democratic administra
tion has been extravagant and wasteful
in tho highest degree. The transporta
tion net made provision for tho peace
ful settlement of wago disputes, partial
ly nullified, however, by tho president s
felay In appointing the wage board cre
ated bv tho act. This delay precipitated
tho outlaw railroad strike.
Wo stopped the flood of public treas
ure recklessly poured Into the lap of
an inept shipping board, and laid- the
foundations for tho crentlon of a great
merchant marine. Wo took from the
incompetent Democratic administration
the administration of the telegraph and
telephone lines of tho country, and re
turned them to private ownership. We
reduced tho cost of postage nnd Increased
the pay of the postal employees tho
poorest paid of all public servants. We
provided pensions for superannuated nnd
retired civil servants, nnd for nn Inorcnss
in pav for soldiers and sailors. Wo re
organized them on a peace footing and
provided for the-malntenanro of a pow
erful and ofllclent naw
Passed Suffrage Amendment.
The Itepublican congress established by
law a permanent women's burenu In the
department of labor. We submitted to
tho country the constitutional amend
ment for woman's suffrage, and fur
nished 29 of tho 23 legislatures which rat
ified It to date.
Legislation for tho relief of the con
sumers of print paper, for the extension
of the powers of tho government under
tho food control act. for broadening
the scope of tho war risk Insurance act.
better provision for the dwindling num
ber of aged veterans of the Civil war.
and for the better support of the
maimed and Injured of the great war.
and for mnklng practical the vocational
rehabilitation act that has been enacted
uy the Republican congress.
We passed an oil lenslng and water
power bill to unlock for the public good
tho great pent-up resources of tho coun
try; we have sought to check the pro
fligacy of the administration, to realize
upon the nsscts of the government, and
to husband the revenues derived from
taxation. The 'Republicans In congress
have boon responsible for cuts In the es
timates for government expenditure or
nearly 13.000.000,000 since the signing of
tho armlstlco.
We enacted n national executive budg
et law; we strengthened the federal re
serve act. to permit banks to lend need
ed assistance to farmers; we authorized
-financial corporations to develop export
trade, and. flnnlly, amended tho rules of
the senate and house, which will re
form evils In procedure and guarantee
more efficient and responsible govern
ment. Agriculture.
A large and contented body of farm
proprietors Is tho backbone of the na
tion. National greatness nnd economic
Independence demand a population dis
tributed between Industry and the farm,
nnd sharing on equal terms the pros
perity which Is vjholly dependent on
the efforts of both. Neither can pros
per at the expense of the other without
Inviting joint disaster.
The crux of tho present agricultural
condition lies In price, labor, and credit.
Tho Itepublican party believes that
this condition can bo Improved and ug
i!"Ultural production encouraged by the
right to form co-operative associations
for marketing their products subject to
regulation by federal authority: tho sci
entific study of agricultural prices, with
a view to reducing tho frequency of ab
normal lluctuatlons; tho authorization of
associations for tho extension of per
sonal credit; a national Inquiry on the
co-ordlnatI" of rail, water, and motor
transportation with adequate facilities
for receiving, handling, and marketing
food; the encouragement of our cxpor,
trade, nnd the encouragement of the
production and Importation of fertiliz
ing material and of Its extenslvo use,
Tho federal farm loan act should bo
so administered as to facilitate tho ac
quisition of farm land by those desir
ing to become owners nnd proprietors,
and thus minimize- the evils of farm
Industrial Relations.
There are two different conceptions
of the relations, of capital and labor.
The one Is contractual, and emphasizes
tho diversity of Interests of employer
and employee. The other Is that co
partnership In a common task.
We rocognlzo the Justlcef collectlvo
bargaining as a means of promoting
good will, establishing closer and more
harmonious relations between employ
ers and employees, and realizing the
true ends of Industrial Justice.
The strike or the lockout, as a meanB
of settling Industrial disputes. Inflicts
such Iost nnd suffering on tho community
as to Justify government Initiative to
reduce Its frequency and limit Its con
sequences. We deny the right to strike against
the government; but the rights and In
terests of all government employees must
be safeguarded by Impartial laws and
Public Utilities.
In public utilities wo favor the estab
lishment of an Impartial tribunal to
make an Investigation of the facts and
to render n declson to the end that
there may bo no organized Interruption
of service necessary to the lives and
health and welfare of tho people. The
decisions of the tribunals should be mor
ally but not legally binding, and an In
formed public sentiment be relied on to
secure their acceptance. Tho tribunals,
however, should refuse to accept Juris
diction except for the' purpose of In
vestigation, as long as tho public service
be Interrupted. For public utilities we
favor the type of tribunal provided for
In the transportation act of 19:X.
In private Industries we do not advo
cate the principle of compulsory arbi
tration, but we favor Impartial com
missions nnd better facilities for volun
tary mediation, conciliation, and arbi
tration, supplemented by that full pub
licity which will enlist the Influence of
an aroused public opinion. Tho govern
ment should take the Initiative In Invit
ing the establishment -of tribunals or
commissions for tho purpose of voluntary
arbitration and of Investigation of dis
puted Issues.
We demand tho exclusion from Inter
state commerce of the products of con
vict labor.
National Economy.
A Republican congress reduced tho
estimates submitted by tho administra
tis for the fiscal year 1920 almost three
billion dollars, and tor the fiscal year 1921
over a billion and a quarter dollars. Ureat
er economies could have been effected
had It not been for the stubborn refusal
nf tho Administration to co-operate with
congress In an economy program. The
universal demand for an exocutlve bud
get Is a recognition of the Incontroverti
ble fact that leauersnip anu sincere hb
slstance on tho part of the executive
department are essential to effective econ
omy and constructive retrenchment.
Ino overman act Invested tho presi
dent of the United States with all the
authority und power necessary to re
store the federal government to a nor
mal peaco basis and to reorganize, re
ttunch, and demobilize. The dominant
fact Is that elghtoen months after tho
armlstlco the United States government
is still on a wartime basis, and the ex
penditure program of the executive re
flects wartime extravagance rather than
rigid peaco time economy.
Failure to Retrench.
! As an example of the falluro to re
trench which has characterized the
pool-war policy of the administration,
we cite the fact that, not including the
war and navy departments, tho execu
tive departments and other establish
ments nt Washington actually record
an increase subsequent to tlp armistice
of 2,184 employees. The net decrease
In pay roll costs contnlned in tho 1921
demands submitted by the administra
tion Is only 1 per cent under that of
1020. Tho annual expenses of federal
operation can bu reduced hundreds of
millions of dollars without Impairing
the efficiency of the public service.
We pledge ourselves to a carofully
planned readjustment to a pence-time
basis and to a policy of rigid economy,
to the hotter co-ordination of depart
mental activities, to the elimination of
unnecessary otttclals and employees,
and to the raising of the standard of
individual efficiency.
An Executive Budget,
We congratulate the Republican con
gress on tbo enactment of a law pro
viding for the establishment of an
executive budget as a necessary In
strument for a sound und business
like administration of tho national
finances, and we condemn tho veto of the
president which defeated this great
financial reform.
Reorganization of Federal Depart
ments and bureaus.
We advocate a tl. .rough Investiga
tion of the present organization of the
federal departments And bureaus, with
a view to securing consolidation, a
more businesslike distribution of func
tions, the elimination of duplication.
delays, und overlapping of work, und
the establishing uf an up to date and
efficient administrative organization.
War Powers of the President.
Tho president clings tenaciously to
his autocratic war-time powers. IIIh
veto of the resolution declaring pouco
and his refusal to sign tho bill repeal
Ins war-time legislation, no longer
necessary, evidence his determination
not to restore to the nation and to the
stntes tho form of government provided
for by the Constitution. This usurpa
tion Is Intolerable and deserves the
severest condemnation.
The burden of tuxation Imposod upon
tho American people Is staggering;
but In presenting a true statomunt nf
the situation we must face the fact that
while the character of the taxes can
and should be changed, an early reduc
tion of the amount of revenue to be
rained Is not to bo expected. The next
Republlcnn administration will Inherit
from Its Democratic predecessor a
floating Indebtedness of over 3.000.000.
000. the prompt liquidation of which
Is demanded by sound financial con
siderations. Reduction In Tax.
Moreover, the whole fiscal policy of
the government must be deeply Influ
enced by the necessity of meeting obli
gations In excess of J1. 000. 000.000 which
mature In 1923 Hut sound policy
equally demnnds tho early accomplish
ment of that real reduction of the tax
burden which mav he achieved by sub
stituting simple for complex tnx laws
and procedure, prompt and certain de
termination of tho tax liability for de
lay and uncertainty, tnx laws which do
not for tax lawn which do excessively
mulct the consumer or needlessly repress
enterprise and thrift.
We odvooate tho Issuance of a sim
plified form of Income return; author
izing the treasury department to make
changes in regulations effective only
from the date of their approval: em
powering tho commissioner ot Inter
nal revenuo, with tho consent of the
taxpayer, to make final and conclusive
settlements at tax claims nnd assess
ments, barring fraud, and the creation
of a tax board consisting ot nt least
threo representatives of the taxpaylng
public and the bends of the principal
divisions ot tho burenu ot Internal
rove'nuo to act as a standing committee
on tho simplification of forms, pro
cedure and law, and to make recom
mendations to the congress.
Banking and Currency.
The fact Is that tho war, to a great
oxtont. wns financed by a policy of
Inflation through certificate borrowing
from tho banks, nnd bonds Issued ,nt
artificial rates sustained by the low
discount rates established by tho fed
eral reserve board. Tho contlnunnce
of this policy since tho armlstlco lays
the administration open to sovoro criti
cism. Almost up to tho prcsont time
the practices of tho federal reservu
board us to credit control havo been
frankly dominated by tho convenience
of the treasury.
Tho results have been a greatly In
creased war cost, a serious loss to tho
millions of people who In good faith
bought Liberty bonds nnd Victory
notes nt par, nnd extensive post-war
speculation, followed today by n re
stricted credit for legitimate Industrial
expansion. As a matter ot public pol
icy wo urge all banks to give credit
preference to essentlul industries.
Tho federal reserve system should be
free from political Influence, which Is
quite as Important as Its independence
of domination by financial combina
tions, The High Cost of Living.
The prime cause of tho "high cost
of living" hns been, first and1 foremost,
a 50 per cent depreciation In the pur
chasing power of the dollar, due to
u gross expansion ot our currency nnd
crodlt. Reduced production, burden
some taxation, swollen profits, und the
Increased demand for goods arising
from a fictitious but enlarged buying
power havo been contributing causes
to a greater or loss degree.
Wo condemn the unsound fiscal poli
cies of tho Democratic administration
which havo brought these things to
paBs, and their attempts to Impute the
consequences to minor and secondary
causes. Much of tho Injury wrought
Is Irrepnrable. There Ik no short way
out and wo decline to deceive the peo
plo with vain promises or quack rem
edies. Hut na the political party that
throughout Us history has stood for
honest money nnd sound finance, wo
pledge ourselves to earnest and con
sistent attack upon tho high coat nf
living by vigorous avoldanco of further
Inflation In our government borrowing,
by courageous but Intelligent deflation
of overexpanded credit and currency,
by encouragement and heightened pro
duction of goods and services, by pre
vention of unreasonable profits, by ex
ercise of public economy and stimula
tion of private thrift, nnd by revision
of war Imposed taxes unsuttcd to peace
time economy,
, Profiteering,
We condemn the Democratic admin
istration for failure impartially to on
forco the antl-proflteerlng laws enacted
by the Republican congress. '
We are opposed to government own
ership and operation or employee op
eration of the railroads. In view of the
conditions prevailing In this country,
the experience of the Inst two years,
and the conclusions which may fairly
be drawn from nn observation of the
transportation systems of other coun
tries. It Is clear that ndeqii'U'O trans
portation service both for tiro present
nnd future cun bo furnished more cer
tainly, economically, and efficiently
through private ownership and opera
tion under proper regulation nnd con
trol. There should be no speculative profit
In rendering the service of transporta
tion, but In order to do Justice to tho
capital nlready Invested In railway en
terprises, to restore rnllway credit, to
Induce future Investments nt a reason
able rate, and to furnish enlarged facll.
Itlcs to meet the requirements of tho
constantly Increnslng development and
llstrlliiitlnh. a Mir return unon nctunl
value of tho railway proporty used In
transportation should bo mode reason
ably sure, and at the same time to pro
vide, constant employment to those en
gaged In trnnsnortntlon service, with
fair hours nnd favorable working con
ditions nt wages or compensation at
lonnt pnunl tn thnqn nrevilllnir In slm-
llar lines of Industry. Wo Indorse the
trnnsnortntlon net nf 1920 onnetod bv
the Republican congress ns a most con
structive legislative achievement.
We declare It to be our policy to en
courage and develop water transport" -tlon
service nnd facilities" In connection
with the commerce or the United
Requisition of Industry and Commerce.
Wo nporovo In general tho existing
federal legislation against monnpolv
nnd combinations In restraint of trade.
but since the known certainty of n law
Is the safety of alt, wo advocate such
amendment ns will provide American
business men with better means of de
termining In advance whether n pro
nosed combination Is or Is not unlaw
ful. The federal trade commission, un
tier a Democratic administration. In
not accomplished the purpose fir
which It was ('rented Tins commission
nroperlv orrranlzpd nnd Its duties efficient
ly administered should nffo-d protec
tion to tho public and legitimate business
International Trade and Tariff.
The uncertain nnd unsettled condi
tion ot Internntlnnnl lmlnnce. the ab
normal economic and trade situation of
the world, nnd the Impossibility of
forecasting nfrur" tel.v ovon tlin Tien
futnr. preclude tho formulation nf a
definite program tn meet conditions n
year hence. Rut the Republlcnn party
reaffirms It belief In the protective prin
ciple nnd pledges Itself to n revision of
the tariff as oon ns conditions shall
make It necespnry for tho preservation
of the home market for American labor,
ngrlculturo. and Industry.
Merchant Marine.
The national defense ond our foreign
commence requlro n merchant marine t
tho best tvno of modern ship flying the
American flag and manned by American
penmen, owned bv private capital, nnl
operated bv private energy
Wo Indorse the pound legislation re
cently enacted by the Republlcnn con
gress that will Insure the nromotlon
nnd maintenance of the American mer
chant marine.
Wo favor tho application of tho work
men's compensation acts to tho mer
chant marine.
Wo recommend that all ships engaged
In coistwlse trade and all vcssl of tl
American merchant mnrlne shnll pa"
through the Pannmn canal without pav
rnent of tolls.
The stnndard of living and tho stand
ard of citizenship of n nntlon are Its
mr- nrecloiig TVSBoftBlon, nnd the pres
ervation and olevatlon of thoo standards
li the firm dutv of our government.
Tho Immigration policy nf tho Unit
ed Stntes should bo Hiich as to Insun
that the number nf foreigners In ft'"
country nt any one time shall not ex
coed Hint which can bo assimilated with
reasonable rapidity, and tn favnr Imtnl
grants whoso standard are similar t
ours. '
The selective tests that nrn at present
applied should bo improved by requiring
a higher phvslrnl standard, a more com
plete exclusion of mental dofootlvns ami
criminals, and a more effective Inspec
tion applied as near the snurco nf Immi
gration as possible, ns well as tho port
of entry. Justice to the foreigner and
tn ourselves demands provision for the
guidance, protection and better oconom'''
distribution nf our alien population. To
facilitate government supervision, nil al
iens should bn required to roglBtor an
nually until they become naturalized.
The existing policy of the Unlte'i
Slates for tho practical exclusion t
Asiatic Immigrants Is sound, nnd should
be maintained.
There Is urgent need of Improvement
In our naturalization law. No alien
should become a citizen until he has be
come genuinely American, nnd adequate
tests for determining the alien's fitness
for American citizenship should be pro
vided fpr by law.
Wo advocate, In addition, the Inde
pendent naturalization of married worn
c.i. An American woman should not lose
her citizenship by mnrrlago to nn allin
resident In the United States.
Free Speech and Allen Agitation.
We demand that every American citi
zen shall enjoy tho ancient and consti
tutional right of free speech, free press,
nnd free assembly, nnd tho no less
sacred right of tho qualified voter to bo
represented by his duly chosen repre
sentatives, but no man muy advoiate
resistance to the law, and no man mny
ndvocnto violent overthrow of tho gov
ernment. Aliens within the Jurisdiction of the
United Stntos are not entitled of right
to liberty of agitation directed ugnlnst
the government or American Institu
tions. '
Kvery government hns the power to
exclude and deport those nllons wlul
constitute a real menace to Us peace
ful existence. Hut In view ot tho large
numbers of people nfTcctcd by tho Immi
gration acts and In view of the vlp rolls
malpractice of tho departments of jus
tice and labor, nn adequate puollc heat
ing before n competent ndmlnlstratlvo
tribunal should be usaurod to all.
We urge congress to consider tho most
effectlvo means to end lynching In this
country, which continues to bo n terrible
blot on our American clvlllzutlon.
Law and Order.
The equality of all Citizens under the
law has always been a policy of the Ho
publican party. Without obedience to
law und maintenance ot order our Amer
ican Institutions must perish. Our laws
muat bo Impartially enforced and speedy
justice should be secured.
With regard to the sale and mnufue
turo of Intoxicating beverages, the Re
publican party will Btand for the tnfproe
mont of tho constitution of the United
States as It shall be declared by tho bu
preme court,
Public Roads and Highways.
Wo favor liberal appropriations In co
operation with the states for tho con
struction of highways, which will bring
about u reduction of transportation costs,
bettor marketing of farm productB. Im
provement In rural postal delivery, ub
well ns meet tho needs of military do
fOUBO. , ...
In determining the proportion ot fed
eial aid for road, construction among tho
states tho sums lost In taxation to the
respective Btates by tho sotting apart of
largo portions of tholr area as forest res
ervations, shall be considered -as u con
trolling fuctor.
Conservation Ib a Republican policy. It
begun with the pussngo ot tho reclama
tion net signed by President Roosevelt.
Tho recent passage of tho coal, oil, and
phosphate leiiBlng bill by a Republican
congress, and the enactment of the water
power bill, fashioned In accordance with
tho same principle, arc cotiBlstent land
marks In the development ot tho conser
vation of our national resources. We de
nounce tho refusal of tho president to
sign the water power bill passed after
ten years of controversy. Tho Repub
lican party has taken an especially hon
orablo part In saving our national forests
qnd In the effort to establish a national
forest policy. Our most pressing conser
vation question rotates to our forests. We
nro using our forest resources fnster than
they ore bolng renewed. Tho result Is to
rnlse unduly tho cost of forest products
to consumers and especially fanners,
who uso more than hnlf the lumber pro
duced In America, and In the end to ere.
ate a timber famine. The federal gov
ernment, tho stateB and prtvato Interests
must unite In devising means to meet the
The Servjce Men.
We hold In -Imperishable rcmcmbrnnco
the valor and the patriotism of the sol
diers and sailors of America who fought
In the great war for human liberty, ami
we pledge ourselves to discharge to tho
fullest the obligations which a grateful
nation Justly should fulfill. In nppropla
' tlon of the services rendered by Its de
fenders on sen and on land.
Republicans are not ungratorul.
Throughout tholr history they have
shown their gratitude toward the na
tion's defenders on land and sea. Lib
eral legislation for the enre of the dls
abled and Infirm and tholr dependents
hns ever markod Republican policy
toward the soldier and snllor of all tho
wars In which our country hns partici
pated. The present congress has appro
priated generously for the dlsnbled of
the world war. Tho amounts nlreudy up
nlli.d nnd authorized for the fiscal year
1920-21 for this purpose reached the stu
pendous sum Of 1.1S0,8.I.K93. i PIS leglB-
lotion Is significant of tho party'B pur
pose In generously cnrlng for the maimed
and disabled men of tho recent war.
Civil Service.
Wo renew our reneated declaration Hint
tho civil service law shall be thoroughly
and honestly enforced and extcnocti
wi,..rnvnr nrnptlonhle. Tho recent nctlon
of congress In cnnctlng a comprehensive
civil service retirement law nno in wont
ing out n comprehensive employment nnd
wage policy that will guarantee equal
,.,i 1 1 nit trnntmnnt to tho nrtnv of gov
ernment workers, and In centralizing tho
ndminlotrntlnn of the new and prngres-
nlun omnlnvmnnt nnllcv in. tho hnnds of
the-civil service commission Ih worthy of
all pramo.
Postal Service.
Wo onndomn the nreselit ndmlnlstra
tlon for Its destruction of the elllrloney
nf the postal service when controlled by
tho government, nnd for Its fnlluro to
properly componsato employees whose
expert knowledge Ifl essential to tho
proper conduct of the affairs of tho pos
tal system. We commend the Republican
congress for the enactment of legislation
Inernnidnir the nav nf postal employee.
who up to that tlmo were the poorest
paid in toe government service.
Woman Suffrage.
Wo welcome women Into full participa
tion In the affairs nf government and the
activities of tho Republican party. AVe
tirgo Republican governors whoso states
have not yet octed upon the suffrage
amendment to Immediately can special
Koxnlnnn nf their legislatures for tho pur
pose of ratifying said amendment, to the
ond that nil of tho women of the nation
of voting ugo mav participate In tho elec
tion which Is so Important to tho welfare
of our country.
Social Progress.
Tho supremo duty of tho nation Is the
conservation of human resources inrnugn
nn nnllehtoncd measure of social and In
dustrial Justice. Although the federal
luilsdlctlnn over snclnl problems Is lim
ited, they Hffect the welfare and Interests
ot tho nation ns a whole, we pledge too
Uonubllcnn narty t" the solution of those
problems through national and state leg
iMlilt Ion In accordance with the best pro
gressive thought of too country.
Women In Industry.
Wmnon Iibvo sneclnl problems of em
nlovment which mnie neensnflry special
studv. Wo commend congress for the
permanent establishment of the women's
bureau In the united states nnpni-tmen
of labor to serve as n source nf Infnrmn
Hon to the states and tn contfresM
The principle of equal puv for equn
service Hhnuld be npplled throughout all
brunches of the federal government In
which women ore employed.
Wo demand federal legislation to llnl
the hours of employment of women en
gaged In Intonslve Industry, the produe
of which enters into lntertnto rntnmerce
The League of Nations.
Wo favor n liberal and generous for
elgn policy founded upon definite moral
nnd political principles, elm motorized by
cio-ir underHinnning or ami tirm miner
once tn nur right, and unfailing ronpec
for tho rights of others. Wo should nf
ford full and adequate protection for tin
life, llbertv nnd proporty, nnd nil Inter
national rights of every American eltl
zen. and should require a proper resnec
for the American flag: but we should bo
oqunlly careful to manifest a Just regard
for the rights of other nations. A scru
pulous observance of our International
engagements, when lawfully usumed, Is
essentls. to our own honor nnd self-respect
nnd the respect of other notions.
Subject to a due regard for International
obligations, wa should leave our country
rrce to develop its civilization along linos
most conducive to tho welfare and hap
piness of tho people, nnd to cast Its In
fluence on the side ot Justice and right
should occasion require.
The Itepublican party stands for agree
ment among the nations who prcservo
the peaco of the world. We bellevo that
such nn International association must be
based upon International Justice nnd
must provide methods which shnll mnln.
tain the rule of public right by tho de
velopment of law nnd the. decision of Im
partial courts, nnd which Bhnll secure
Instant nnd general Internntlnnnl confer
ence whenever rcaeo shnll bo threatened,
so mm me nations pledged to no anu in
sist upon what Is Just nnd fair may exer
cise their tnilueiico nnd power for the
prevention of the wnr. Wo bellevo that
all this con bo done without tho compro
mise ot national Independence, without
depriving the people of the United States
in auvnnce or tno right to determine ror
themselves what Is JubI nnd fair when
the occasion arisen, nnd without Involv
ing them ns participants, nnd not ua
peacemakers In n multitude of quarrels,
tho morlts of which they nro unable to
Tho Ineffective nnllcv nf " tho nroitent
administration In Mexican matters has
been largely responsible for tho con
tinued loss of American lives In that
country nnd upon our border; for tho
enormous loss of American nnd for
eign property, for the towering of
American standards of morality and so
cial relations with Mexicans, nnd for
the bringing of American Ideals of Jus
tlco und national honor nnd political In
tegrity inio contempt ana ridicule in
Mexico and throughout tho world.
Written Protests Decried.
The policy of wordy, futllo. written
protests against tho acts of Mexican
officials, explained the following day by
me president Himself ns being meaning
less nnd not Intended to be considered
seriously or In force, has but added In
degreo to that contempt, nnd hns earned
ror us the sneers and Jeers of Mexican
bandits, mid ndded Insult upon Insult
ngnlnst our natlnnnl honor mid dignity.
Wo should not recognize nny Mexi
can government unless It be a responsi
ble government willing nnd able to give
Hiilllcletit guarantees that tho lives nnd
rights of American citizens are respected
nnd protected; that wrongs will bo
promptly corrected and Just compensa
tion will be mado tor Injury sustained.
The Republican party pledges Itself to
n consistent, firm nnd effective policy
toward Mexico that shall enforce respect
tor the American flag and that shall
protect the rights of American cltlzons
lawfully In Mexico to security of llfo
and enjoyment of property In accord
ance with established principles of Inter
national law nnd our treaty rights,
The Republican party Is tho sincero
frlond of tho Mexican noopte. In Ita In
sistence upon the maintenance of order
for tho protection of American citizeiw
within Us borders u great service will
he rendered the Mexican peoplo thorn
aelves. for the continuation of present
conditions means disaster to their Intor-
cHta and patriotic aspirations.
Mandate kfor Armenia.
Wo condemn President Wilson for ask
ing congress to empower him to accept
a mandate for Armenia. Wo commend
tho Republican sonato for refusing tno
nrimldiint'H ronllPMt tn nmilOWCr him to
accept n mnndnto for Armenia. Tho
acceptance pf such mandate would throw
tho United Btntes Into the vcrv maet
Rtrom of European quarrels. According
to the cstlmute of tho Hnrbord comnils
hlon organized by authority of President
Wilson. Wo would be called upon to Bond
E9.000 American boys to police Armenia
nntl to expend J270.000.000 In tho first year
und $750,000,000 in live years. ruis us-
tlmato Is made upon tno oasis umi wu
would havo only roving bands to fight,
lint In r-.iu. nt HerlnU trouble With tllO
Turks or with Russia, a forco exceed
ing 200.0CO would be necassary.
Dlsreoiixd of Life Claimed.
Nn tnnm rlklnir Illustration can bo
fr.,,,i nr iroldont WUhoii's disregard
of the ilvos of American boys or of
American Interests,
w.. ,ii..,t,iv Hvmnnthlzo with the peo
pie of Armenia and stand ready to help
thorn In nil proper ways, but the Re
publican party will oppose now and tioro
after tho acceptance of a mandate for
nny country In Kuropo or amiu.
For Association of Nations.
Tl,., lfnt.niiiirnn nnrtv Htnnds lor agree
ment among the nations to preserve the
peaco of the world. W'o bellevo that
such an International association must
be based upon International Justice and
provldo methods which Bliall maintain
the rule or puiuic tikih mu n
....... r I.,,,, ,, tin. itnrdaliin nf Irnimrtlal
courtB, and which shall Bocuro Instant and
general International conference when
ever peace shnll bo threatened, bo that
tile nations pieugou 10 ' :V T
what Is Just and fair may exorcise theli
Influence und power for the prevention
of war,
We bellevo that all this can bo done
without tho compromise of national Indo
pendence without depriving the people
of tho United States In advance of tho
right to determine for themselves what
Is Just and fair when tho occasion arises
and without Involving them ns partlc -
pants and not ns poacejnaiuirn in mul
titude or quarrels iiih inuum ui ""-"
they are unable to Judgo.
mi' .,,..,, mi iiv thn nrusldont
. Mrla r,,lln,1 nltrnnllv tn llCCOinnllsll till H
great purpose and contains stipulations
not only inmioruuiu un i,.,i.v......
people but cortaln to produce the In
justice, hostility nnd controversy nmong
nations which it prnp"eu
Praloes Senatoru' Actions.
That covenant repudiated to a ,oKreo
wholly unnecessary and unjustifiable tno
l.nn.l.,,,irrml unlloV In fllVHT Of neOCO dO-
rlarod by Washington and Jefferson and
Monroe and pursued uy an aiubi h""
mlnlHtrators for mnro than a century, anil
It Ignored tho universal sentlmont of
America for generations past In favor of
International law and arbitration and It
rested tho hope of tho future upon more
expedients nnd negotiations.
The unfortunate Insistence of tho
president upon having his own way
without any change and without nny
regard tn thn opinions of tho majority
of tho senate, which shares with him
tho treaty-making power, and tho pres
ident's demand that tho treaty Hhould
be ratified without any modification,
created n Bltuntlon In which senators
wero required to voto upon their con
sciences and their oaths according tn
their Judgment against tho treaty ns
It was presented or submit to tho com
mand nf a dictator In a matter where
th nuthorlty ami responsibility under
tho Constitution" wore theirs nnd not
ti, oi.nntnro riorfnrmcd tholr duties
fnlthfullT. Wo approve their conduct
and honor their courngo nnd fidelity,
and we pledge the coming Republican
administration tn such agreement with
the other nations of tho world ns shall
mm.t llio full duties nf America to clv-
lllzntlon sod humanity In nccordnnce
with American lilcnis, ntm witnout sur
ramiorliiir the right nf the Amerlcnn
penpli- to exercise Its Judgment and Its
power III mvor or jusiidh mm puuun.
Will Reform Taxeo.
Pointing to Its history und relying
nn Its fundamental nrlnclnles. we de
clare tho Republican party has tho
gcniiiM. courage, and cnnsiruciive aim
It v to cud executive usurpation and ro
store constitutional government to ful
fill our world obligations without sac
rificing our national Independence: tn
rnlse the untlonal standards of educa
tion ond general welfare; to ro-ostah-
llsh h poacotimo administration and to
substitute economy and efficiency for
extravagance nnd chaos, to restore and
ninlniitln the iiatlnuat credit: to reform
unequal and burdensome taxes; to free
business from Hi'intrary anu unnecos
sarv official control; to suppress disloy
alty without denlnl of Justlco: to re
peal the firrogsnt cluillongo of any
clnss, and to maintain u government of
all tho peoplo ns contrasted with gov
ernment for some of the peoplo, and
finally, to allay unrost. suspicion, nntl
strife and to seourtt tho oo-oporatlon
nnd nnltv nf all citizens In the solution
of tho complex problems of tho day, to
tho end that our country, happy and
prosperous, proud of Its past, suro of
Itself and of Its Institutions, muy look
forward witn connuonco to tno luturo,
"All." snld MntlioV Sliccp, "tho mnli
mcr Is lioro nntl wo nro nut wliero
(hero Is green grans nntl whore thoro
nro nice inondows nnd where there nro
cooling streams, ami where the sun
"My bountiful biiliy Laura Lntuh,"
she sitltl. "you must follow the lend
er. Wo nlwnyx follow the lender.
We're Rontle ami we're quiet. We're)
nitlior timid, too. We don't think h
Ki-ont tlonl for ourselves
"They nay," Mother Sheep contin
ued, "that when folks' cnunot sloop
they mnku believe they nro seeing
fheep, nnd that they are counting them
lining through a gate. That Is because
sheep follow 'each other, and if ono
wore going through a gate the others
would be going through, too,
'Oh, they get tired, you see, of)
counting the sheep they can uinke be
lieve that they seiH And so they go
to sleep I
"And you see what n help we nro to
peoplo when we do such things, so
that they can see us In their minds go
lug through a gate one after the
"You see, my Laura Lamb, If sheep
should go different ways then people
couldn't be helped toward sloop by
"They Come and Pet Us."
us, und It Is nice to think of helping
people to sleep, for we're gentle, kind
souls, nnd It Is nice to help.
"So, Laura Lamb, you, too, always
follow the loader. Don,'t go through
one gate yourself and have, your cous
ins going through another ami soma
other cousins through the opening In
the fence und the others perhnps go
ing under tho fence.
"We must nil go together, we sheep."
Ami Laura Lamb bleated nnd said:
"na-unu-ban-aaa, Mother Sheep! I will
do as yon say. Kor I would not feel
bravo enough to do any other way. I
would not want to be n lender, nnd I
nm glad to have a leader. I wouldn't
want to go off on my own account. I
would wiyit to keep around with tho
others. I would bo nfrald to go hurry
ing across tho road the way l'vo seen
tho hens and tfiosters doing.
"No, T euro more to do us the other
sheep do, to enjoy the lovely summer
time, to bleat and to baa and to talk
ami to smile In n quiet, gentle way
upon tho people who look at me.
"I don't cure to shriek at them nnd
talk to them as the turkeys will so
often do. but I like to look nt them
when they niV nice nntl quiet nnd when
they smile nt me.
"That's what I live to do when peo
plo smile nt me," snld Laura Lnmb.
"Yes," said Mother Sheep, "and re
member, too. Hint the children of tho
farmer who owns Ibis farm and nil of
the nnlmals upon It, nro very kind to
us. They come nntl pet ns nnd wo
need not bo afraid of them. We can
be very tamo and yon will become tamo
as I nm tame with them.
"'They como nnd pet us nnd kiss our
bends and ears and we must bleat ami
bau and tell them we love them, too.
nnd that we think they're sp sweet
to be gentlo with us, for they know
that Is what wo like so much.
"Hut nlways remember above all
things, Laura Lnmb. "thnt we must
follow tho leader, especially when tho
lender has us follow him through a
gate, for we must remember what n
help that Is to peoplo when they can't
sleep. They can think of us. nnd If
they thought of us nil going In differ
ent directions It would be so confusing
they couldn't sleep, ns I told you be
fore. "Remember that, dear Laura Lamb.
Ah, my lovely lamb child, how I lovo
you !"
"Hlent. blent, b-l-e-a-t." said Laura
Lamb. "I will do as you say about
the following of our leader. Ah, thero
come some of the farmer's children."
"Yes, there they come, they lovo the
sheep aii'd the lambs," said Mother
And as they came near thoy walked
quietly nnd talked to the sheep nnd
the lambs In soft, gentlo voices, and
the lambs and the sheep followed
them about and snld: "I!nu-lmii,
b-l-o-a-t, we so love you, for you tire
so good und kind to us, and our little
lnmb hearts and our big sheep hearts
are very grateful."
And their eyes, too, told how much
lliey loved the children, who never
frightened them, but who loved them,
ami who understood their gentle ways.
Absent-minded Father.
"Now perhaps you'll realize hbw
naughty you were to-er-to-er let me
hce, what am I spanking you fort"
Boys' Life.