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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 18, 1915)
THE 8EMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
PICTURESQUE CANAL COMMISSARY IN EGYPT
Tlic camel Is used extensively by tlio Hrltlnh forces in I3gvp. The, photograph shows tho camel commissary
of tho New Zealand troops at their camp In tho land of tho Pharaohs.
Contrast Between Germany and
Austria Is Marked.
Little War Talk Is Heard City Is
Flooded With Jewish Refugees
From Bukowlna and Gallcla
No Fear of Famine.
Vienna. Thcro Is consldcrablo se
crecy about tho military preparations
all around Vienna. Excursions arc en
tirely suspended to tho forests and to
the populnr Kahle'nbcrg and Lcopolds
berg, two hills rising about 1,600 feet
and sloping down precipitously to tho
Dantbe. Tho guns mounted in and
around tho old monastery on tho sum
mit of tho Leopoldsbcrg could hurl
down death into tho broad valley of
tho Danubo and tho approaches of
Vienna. So far they merely frown.
Tho tono hero is very unliko tho
Berlin note. From optimistic Germany
tho transition to an almost phlegmat
ic Austria is most marked. In Ger
many somo war conversation was al
ways going on loud enough to bo heard
by everybody in tho compartment, but
in Austria I traveled at least four
consecutivo 'hours without hearing a
slnglo serious referenco to tho war.
In Pnssau, at tho frontier, wo nil
bought Austrian papers. Tho "Nouo
Preio Prcsse," Austria's leading Jour
nal, mado Itself tho echo of littlo com
plaints about oxcesslvo exports of
foodstuffs to Germany. My vls-a-vls,
a lad, assured mo that flour was at
86 hellers, about 15 conts, Instead of
40 hollors In poaco tlmo.
Tho other day I was chatting with
a surgeon in tho landstunn. lie had
been stationed In Moravia in a littlo
town of 12,000 Inhabitants. Many
hundreds of wounded and sick at
tended at his hospital, and most piti
able being tho cases of frozon limbs.
"Most of our soldiers," said ho,
"onjoy hard frozen snow. Even our
Vlenncso boys speak well of It. Tholr
horror is the blush of tho Gnllcian
roads. Austrian prisoners sent to
Siberia wcro insufllclently equipped
to meet tho cold. Tho mortality among
thqm is enormous."
With him I strolled down tho Maria
hllferstrnsse, which tho Vlennoso claim
to bo tho finest shopping street in tho
world. It was sunny, and ovorythlng
seemed smiling. Thoro wero hardly
any men about, but tho Vionnoso
ladles camo out In groat numbors:
Many society people have dismissed
tholr servants, und tho housowivea
A court ouulpago passed, and I
USING HAND GRENADES
The British troops in tho trenchos
have recently been using a sort of
bomb that resembles an Indian club,
It consists of n stick about two feet
In length, with a black ball tilled with
a deadly explosive at tho cud. If ban'
djed correctly tho bomb will explodo
upon hitting tho trenches and will
scatter small shot in every direction
noticed the men taking off their hats
and somo ladlos waving their hand
kerchlefo to tho occupant. It was
Archduko Eugene, perhaps tho most
popular prlnco of tho imperial house,
coming from Schoenbrunn, tho emper
Tho best hotels horo aro filled with
rich Gallclan landowners and Jewish
manufacturers from Bukowlna and
Gallcla. The minor hotels aro crowd
ed with middle-class refugees, but
theso latter aro being drafted into
smaller towns In tho other crown
When I lokcd down from my win
dow on that boautlful Ilingstrnsse,
tho Vienna grand boulevard, I could
hardly beliovo my oyos. Where In
usual times tho smnrt corso of cen
tral Europo moves, one long and sad
procession of Polish, Jowish, and other
10 USE WOOD-WASTE
Latest Business Aid Service In
stituted by Government.
Enables Wood-Using Industries to
Utilize Each Other's Waste to
Mutual Advantage Exchange
Washington. Tho latest business-
aid service instituted by tho govern
ment is a wood-waste exchange It
enables lumbermen and manufactur
ers in tho various wood-using indus
tries to utlllzo each othcr'B wasto to
mutual advantage, aiming to effect a
largo saving in forest material as well
as in money.
Tho wood-wasto exchange is being
conducted by tho forest Bcrvlco of tho
department of agriculture. More than
forty manufacturers of wooden arti
cles already have asked to be listed
nu having certain kinds of waste wood
for sale, or as- desiring to obtain their
raw material in tho rough or in semi-
finished form from mill or factory
Twice a month tho exchange scuds
out a circular headed, "Opportunities
to Buy Wnste," containing tho names
nnd addresses of factories having
waBto wood for salo, with exact In
formation as to species, sizes, forms
and quantities. Similarly, another cir
cular headed, "Opportunities to Sell
Waste," gives tho specific require
ments of wood-using plants which do-
Biro to buy wasto material.
Ono of tho first wasto problems
solved has been that of a furnlturo
maker who wrote to tho forest servico
asking how to dispose of sugar maplo
blocks and sticks which wero cut oft
in tho process of furniture making
nnd which ho had to sell merely ns
fuel. Samples wcro obtained from
him nnd tho forcBt service then lo
cated a scrubbing-brush manufacturer
who used small maplo blocks for brush
backs. Tho result was that tho furnl
turo maker wus ennbled to soil his
wasto at a much higher prlco than it
had brought as firewood, whllo tho
brush maker was enabled to buy brush
back material In suitable sizes nt a
much lower figure than It had been
costing him to buy maplo lumber nnd
cut It up.
KlrniB which havo been put Into
touch with each othor through tho ex
change are expected to notify tho for
est service, when tholr requirements
havo been mot; then their names nro
removed from tho lists. In this way
several concerns which early took ad
vuntngo of tho plan havo dropped off
tho lists; but as moro and moro manu
facturera loam of tho wood-wasto ox
chango tho llsta aro steadily growing.
Bread Cheap In Berlin.
Berlin. Tho Dorlln authorities havo
llxed tho maximum prlco of bread at
approximately four and threo-qunrtor
cents a pound, nnd bakeries in tho
poorer quarters p.ro selling nt still
less. Tho Now York prlco Is about
six conts a pound.
A Spartan Mother.
Paris. Whon two French
returned to Paris and couldn't give a
good reason for it, tho niothor of ono
locked tb.om In a room nnd called tho
police. They wero arrested us do
refugcos passed Incessantly. Just un
der our window were tho most ox
penslvo shops of Vienna nnd It waB
a strango sight to seo Polish Jews
with their long coats nnd fildo curls
gazing Into tho most extravagant art
and florist shops Vienna possesses.
"Famine? I do not believe thoro
will bo such a thing. You havo read
of riots in tho foreign press! Well,
they wcro scrambles of housewives in
front of two or three bakers' shopB.
Tho pinch is undoubtedly felt in tho
lower mlddlo class, tho professional
class. Wo Viennese aro not a saving
people, nnd love our amusements and
our fine pastry. When tho latter
camo to bo scarce terrible stories
wero circulated by tho Vicnneso con
cierge and our housewives got a bit
nervous. They nro calming down now
and recovering their humor."
-As to feeling In general, 1 find there
Is no great Ill-will towards England,
aud nono towards France.
"Our war is with Russia, not with
Franco or England," they say.
PLAN GEOLOGIC EXPEDITION
Harvard Men, Headed by Professor
Atwood, to Visit Ouray,
Cambridge, Mass. A party of Har
vard students who havo been study
ing geology In Cambridge will trans
fer their studies to tho mountains of
Colorado in August. Having had tho
theory expounded by classroom lec
ture and textbook, and by bucu speci
mens as tho geological laboratory af
fords, thoy will spend several weeks
of tho summer In field work.
Colorado seemed to offer tho best
opportunity for such explorations. Tho
class has arranged to meet nt Ouray.
Wallaco W. Atwood will bo in charge
of tho exposition. Three weeks will
bo spent In a systematic study of tho
geological aspects of the San Juan re
gion. At tho end of this timo tho younu
geologists will go on a long trip
through the higher mountains of Colo
rudo und will make somo flrst-hnnd
investigations into tho structure nnd
layout of tho backbone of tho con
CURE FOR DIVORCE EVIL
Mrs. Walter Pulitzer of Now York,
wife of tho well-known author and
journnllst, has received an Invitation
from tho Pnclflc coast to como to
San Francisco to head n movement to
establish a mammoth dance palace for
socloty folk during tho exposition. If
it proves na successful ns Mrs. Pulitz
er's Now York dances, which wero
held ut tho Hotel Hlltmoro, It may be
come a permanent feature.
MrB. Pulitzer was ono of tho first to
seo the possibilities .of tho dance
voguo nnd hor dances, on account of,
their distinctiveness and original fea
tures, havo been tho talk of t,ho smart
people In tho East. She says that the
present dnnco crazo will ultimately
provo a cure for tho divorce evil, as,
with greater frcodom In tho partici
pation of harmless paBtlmo (such as
ballroom dancing) fewer Husbands
and wives will go wrong
It In when our budding hopes nro
nipped beyond recovery. Unit wo nro
tho most deposed to plcturo wlmt
flowers they Jnlttht huvo borno If they
It Is n melancholy (ruth thnt oven
Krcat men havo their poor relations.
Those who nro able to make good
baking powder biscuits havo any num
ber of kinda of hot
cakes to offer with
littlo extra work.
A most delicious
pudding of fresh or
canned fruit may
bo mndo by cover
ing the fruit with
a thin crust of bak
ing powder biscuit. Then when served
turn upside down, season with nut
meg, add bits of butter nnd BUgar, if
needed, and n bird's-nest pudding is
A most delicious hot bread 1b made
by rolling out the dough, spreading
with butter and sprinkling with maplo
BUgar grated, roll up and cut in pin
wheels, sprinkle with cinnamon and
bake. These will delight the littlo
people. Nuts and brown sugar may
be substituted for the maple if so de
sired. Cheeso sticks aro made in the
same way only tho dough rolled thin,
spread with cheeso and cut in nurrow
strips and baked.
Biscuit mixture mixed, rich and soft,
and dropped into greased muffin pans
to bake, giving them n nice brown
crust with very little Inner crumb, are
delicious sorved with honey or iwjth
orange marmalade. They may bo bro
ken open, buttered and a littlo mar
malade added and then serve with
Nuts added to baking powder mix
ture, or botii nuts and raisins, and
baked in a loaf, make most appetizing
sandwiches when cut a day old.
Turnover pies of various kinds,
using nny small bits of left-over fruit,
is another uso to bo made of this samo
mixture. Tarts cut in the old-fnsh-lined
way that our grandmothers
mndo them, and filled with a jewel of
Jelly will delight nny palate.
Prunes, flgs, dntcs and raisins added
to a loaf of the mixture makes a good
fruit bread that is a pleasant change
from tho everyday kind.
Rolled thin like ccokies and cut
with a cookie cutter, two put together
with a filling of cooked dates and
baked is another delicious cake.
Cinnamon bars, sugar and butter
spread, over a thinly rolled bnking
powder crust, cut in narrow strips and
baked makes n nice little cako to
serve with a Balad or a cup of tea or
A hot muflln or gem at breakfast Is
always a welcome addition to the
Egoless Corn Muffins.
Mix nnd sift ono cup
ful of granulated corn
meal, one half cupful of
flour, one-fourth of a
cupful of sugar, two tea
spoonfuls of baking pow
der, one teaspoonful of
salt; then add gradually,
whllo stirring constant
ly, ono cupful of milk. Heat ono min-
uto nnd add two tablcspoonfuls of
melted butter. Hako in a hot oven
Cucumbers en Surprise Wipe nnd
pare long cucumbers cut in halves
longthwiso and remove the seeds and
somo of tho pulp. Mix salmon with
equal parts of celery and tho chopped
centers of tho cucumbers, season with
any desired snlnd dressing and 1111 tho
boats with tho mixture. Arrange tho
cucumbers on a bed of lettuce nnd
Bervo with the salad dressing.
Raised Crullers. Mix threo nnd
one-half tnblcspoonfuls of sugar and
ono teaspoonful of salt, pour on it one
cupful of scalded milk, add two table
Bpoonfuls of Inrd. When tho mlxturo
Ib lukewarm add one-half a yeast
cake which has been softened In two
tablespoontulB of water, add ono cup
ful of flour. Cover and let rise until
light, knead and let rlso again. Roll
out tad cut in strips four Inches wide
and eight Inphes long. Cover nmriet
rlso. Twist four times, pinch ends
together, drop in deop fat and when
brown, drain and roll In powdered
Pepper Rell.ah. Vnnh nnd remove
tho seods from six red nnd six green
poppers. Add six onions nnd put all
through a meat chopper. Put Into a
saucepan nnd cover with boiling wa
ter, let stand five minutes; drain nnd
add one cupful -of sugar, two table
spoonfuls of salt, and ono ami a half
cupfuls of vinegar. 1111 over tho heat
und boll twenty mlnutos. This will
If You Want to Stop a Yawn.
Press your thumb (Irmly into tho
soft part undornenth your chin. There
Ib tho jawbone nt each side, but you
must not proas this. You must take
tho soft mlddlo part, und press up
ward Into the root of your tongue.
You can rta this without being no
ticed at all, This is a very useful
trick to know when you have to sit
through long, dull lectureB, or llBten
to conversation In which you aro not
Interested, but by which you aro really
bored to tears.
keep and makes n fine relish to servt
with meats or fish.
As the first spring greens appear,
they should bo served dally In some
form; The first tender
shoots of dandelion
make a most appetiz
ing salad. Wash and
pick them over careful
ly and cut ilno. As
many of tho little whlto
buds as you can find
should be added. Mince
a Binall green onion and
servo nil well mixed
with a good French dressing.
Chives, chervil, borago, sorrel, cress,
pepper grass and mustard aro nil
such good salad greeiiB and may bo
used in combination with lettuce oe
A shredded green pepper adds
much to the flavor of any salad ap
well as its appearance.
Make nests of curly endive and ar
range balls of cream cheeso rolled In
chopped nuts. Add any preferred
Baked Bananas. Remove the peel
ing from a half dozen bananas. Scrape
to remove all of tho coqrso threads
and lay in ,a well-buttered baking
dish. Grato the rind of an orange
nnd a half a lemon, mix together the
Juice of half'a lemon and tho Juice of
the orange nnd half tho lemon and
three-fourths of a cupful of sugar.
Pour over the bananas, dot with two
tablpspoonfuls of butter and bake un
til the banana is tender.
Potato Salad. To a quart of cold
cooked potatoes cut in cubes; chop
fine half a green pepper, two tablo
spoonfuls of chives, five olives, , two
tablespoonfuls of capers, all finely
chopped. Add to the potato wUh half
a cupful of shredded almonds or the
same of fresh grated cocoanut, six
tablespoonfuls of oil, a small green
onion, chopped, and half a cupful ol
minced parsley, a teaspoonful of salt
three tablespoonfuls of vinegar and a
few dashes of' cayenne pepper. Mix
and heap in a mound, Servo on let
It Is not work, but friction, that
wears out the machine, nnd thnt. Is
even moro true of tho human machine
than of nny other.
Vegetarian dishes, if the combina
tions aro nutritious, are desirable not
only as meatless
dlshds but add va
riety to the'menu.
Cook macaroni in
fcr.'ilpg salted wa
ter, drain and -pour
over a quart of
cold water which keeps the macaroni
from sticking together, put into a but
tered baking dish and cover with a
white sauce mado of three and a half
tablespoonfuls of peanut but,ter, two
of flour, blended together, and two
cupfuls of milk, season with salt and
pepper and pour over the macaroni.
Cover and bake half an hour, then cov
er with buttered crumbs and brown.
A littlo grated cheese may be added
jist before the coating of crumbs is
added If so desired.
Beets With Spinach. Pick over and,
wash half a peck of spinach. Cook
uncovered with boiling salted water
in which a third of a teaspoonful of
soda and a teaspoonful of sugar has
been added, When tender drain and
chop, and ndd threo tablespoonfuls ol
butter, ono tnblcspqonful of flour and
one-half cupful of cream. Reheat and
pack Into a border mold and let stand
In a pan of hot water to keep warm.
Servo with well-buttered beets in the
center; gnrnish the platter with hard
cooked eggs, cut In eighths lengthwise.
The color Is especially pleasing and
tho combination Is also good.
Rice Croquettesj Pick over a half
cupful of rice, cover with cold water
nnd stand over night. Drain, pom
over a half cupful of boiling watei
and cook in a double boiler until the
rice has absorbed all tho water; then
add one nnd n quarter .cupfuls of milk,
threo tablcspoonfuls of cream, two
tablespoonfuls of rnnn'ed red peppers
salt and popper to tnste. Turn on a
shallow plate to cool. Shape, dip In
egg crumbs and fry In deep fnt. Serve
with cheeso tauce.
Cheese Sauce. Melt three tablo
spoonfuls of butter, ndd four of flour
aud ono nnd n half cupfuls of milk
cook until smooth, senson with salt
nnd cayenno and ndd half a cupful ol
soft cheeso cut In small pieces. Stir
until tho cheese melts.
Wlfo (angrily) I'm sorry I ever met
Jlusbnnd (calmly) Tho sorrow If
mutual, my dear. Hut what could one
expect under the circumstances?
Wife What circumstances?
Husband Why, tho circumstances
of our meeting. Don't you remember
Wife No, 1 don't
Husband Well, I do. It was at a
dinner party and there were thirteen
at tho table
EXPENSE OF BUILDING ROADS
Over $200,000,000 Spent on Highways,
Up to January 1, 191531,000
Moro than $200,000,000 of stato ap
propriations havo been expended to
January 1, 1915, and an approximate
total of 31,000 miles of Burfnco high
way constructed under 6tato supervi
sion since the Inauguration of the pol
icy" known as "stato nld,'" according to
tho Good Roads Year Book for 1915,
issued by tho American Highway as
sociation from Its Washington office.
Only seven states, Florida, Georgia,
Indiana, Mississippi, South Carolina,
Tennesseo and Texas, havo no form,
of stato highway department what
ever, although Georgia grants aid to
tho counties for road improvement by
lending tho services of tho entiro male
stato convict force.
Legislatures aro devoting much at
tention to road legislation and unques
tionably several new highway depart-
Convicts Building a Good Road.
ments will result. North Carolina wilt
probably establish nn Independent
highyvay department In lieu of "the
work. now dono by tho stato geological
survey relating to highways.
New Jersey in 1891 was the pioneer
state In providing stato aid for public
highways. Massachusetts and Con
necticut adopted tho policy shortly aft
er, but only during the last ten years
has tho state-aid policy been In ef
fect on a consldcrablo scale, i About
5,000 miles of stato highways were
completed in 1913 and about 6,000
miles in 1914, so that tho last two
years havo been responsible for more
than one-third of tho entire stato
highway mileage. Tho state highways
in America now exceed by G.000 miles
the national road system of France.
To havo stato highway departments
placed under non-partisant efficient
control; skilled supervision required
in all construction work; a proper
classification of highway to insure In
telligent distribution of improve
ments; an ndequato provision for
maintenance of highways from the
day of their completion theso are
among tho objects for which the
American Highway association Is wag
ing a vigorous campaign.
PRACTICAL GOOD ROADS TEXT.
Probably Three-Fourths of Difficulties
Experienced in Season Could
How much better to drag the roads
In early spring than to let tho roads,
themselves becomo a "drag" next sum
mer, when heavy teams, loaded with
produce must be hauled to market.
Probably three-fourths of the dirt
road difficulties experienced during,
tho season could bo eliminated by n
littlo industry right now.
Tho p'leasuro later on of hauling
over roads free from ruts and gigan
tic mud puddles after tho summer
shower, will make up for any extra,
work this spring.
Here is a practical good roads text
that will bo carried out by many pro
gressive communities this year.
Making Hard Roadbed.
To make a hard roadbed tho soil
must contain a fair amount of mois
ture. Tho control of tho molsturo re
quires that tho roadbed bo higher In
tho mlddlo and smooth so that water
cannot stand on It but will run oft.
If water can stand on tho road, ruts
will' result, and when these aro ground
down, dust forms and finally a loose
The Road Drag.
Tho road drag Is tho simplest and
least expensive contrivance yet de
vised for maintaining earth roads.
Roadbed Above Water.
Whero there Is standing water tho
roadbed should bo kept at least n foot
abovo tho water ourfaco and 18 Inches
Is better. Tho nature of tho soil and
the length of tlmo that tho water
atomic ninni, th rnnd -will to a decree
determine how high the roadbed must
bo abovo the water.
Keeping Roadbed Crowned.
Keeping tho roadbed well crowned
and smooth will hold tho moisture In
it so that it will pack hard.
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