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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 9, 1913)
THE NORTH PLATTE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
SPRAYING, PROPERLY DONE MINIMIZES
AMOUNT OF INJURY BY THE LEAF-HOPPER
AN IMMENSE NEW INDUSTRIAL PLANT FOR CHICAGO
I The Prosperous!
Grapes Affected by Insect Show a Decrease in Sugar and an In
crease in Acid Two Important Factors j'n Determining
Quality of Product One Spray Formula.
Br REV. PARLEY E. ZARTMANN. D.D.
Secret try of Extension Dcpattmral
Moody BibU Irutitute, Chicago
T13XT Hlcssou Is tho man . . . Whatso
ever lie rioetli shall prosper . . . Not bo
the ungodly . . . Hut tho way of tho
Wicked shall perish. l'snlm 1:1, 3, K, C.
(By V. HAUTZKLU)
Tho grapo loaf-hopper belongs to
tho group of Insects that obtain tholr
food by sucking tho Juices of plants.
They uro soldotn found on tho upper
surfaces of tho leaves, but they uau-
Tho book of tho
Psalms has been
called tho Inner
most sanctuary of
tho Christian life.
Tho study of
theso pooms Is a
source of nover
ondlng d o 1 i g h t
and profit. Iloro
wo havo tho
wholo music of
tho heart of man,
svcpt by tho
hand of his mak
er. "Hero wo
hear the burst of
h 1 b tenderness,
the moan of his penitence, the pathos
of his sorrow, tho triumph of his vic
tory, tho despair of his dofeat, tho
firmness of his confldenco, and tho
rapture of his assured hope." In theso
psalms many travelers of ovory ago
and cllmo have found rivers of re
freshment and wells of consolation.
Hero God opens the door, shows us
his secret dwelling place, and tells us
how we may get closo to him In fel
lowship. Here ho speaks to us; but
more, hero wo speak, tolling our own
experiences and anon crying to God;
we have written many of tho psalms
out of tho experiences of our own
This first psalm is regarded as a
sort of prefaco to tho entire collection,
specially It is a plcturo of tho pros
perous life, and by sharp contrast a
picture of tho llfo without God in it.
Thero is really only ono. llfo worth
considering or cultivating; that Is tho
life hid with Christ in God, and It
should be our utmoBt concern to make
that llfo blessed. Consldor tho. ele
ments of Euch a llfo as set forth In
tho entlro psalm.
The prosperous life Is sheltered be
hind 'a wall. Verses 1-3 sot forth tho
great character, and It Is marked by
a great refusal. 1. Evil practice:
walketh not In tho counsel of the un
godly; 2. Evil habit nor standeth In
tho way of sinners; 3. Evil charac
ter nor sltteth in tho scat of tho
scornful. The prosperous llfo must
not think wrongly, nor speak wrongly.
If God Is not In all your thoughts,
looso thinking soon will lead to loose
living, and things that would cat away
tho fiber of will and conscience and
feeling. Oh! the blessedness the
happiness of the man who can say, I
will not defllo myself; who will not
tako these three downward stops In
tho evolution of sin; and God pity
the man who has taken the third de
greo in sin.
Bui refusal of evil thought, practice,
and habit is not enough. Ono does
not acquire physical health, vigor and
power simply by refusal to oat poi
sonous foods or drink damaging liq
uors. Tho physical llfo requires food.
The soul grows beautiful and strong,
and the llfo prosperous and useful not
only by Its great refusal. but by tho
reception of all things that aro full of
nourishment-Mho pure, tho honest,
the lovely, the things of good report.
God not only brings us away from
Egypt; ho leads us Into Canaana
land flowing with milk and honey.
Tho llfo that refuses tho evil and
received the good will bo crowned
with glorious blessings. They aro
stated so plainly in this psalm. (I am
indebted to a friend for those brief sug
gestions.) Noble growth "like a
tree," (and that figure meant much in
Palestine) ; propitious placing
"planted ;" sustenance-"by the rivers
of water;" fruitfulness "that bring
eth forth its fruit In Ita season;"
heauty of character "his leaf also
shall not wither;" real prosperity
"whatsoever ho doeth shall prosper."
This result Is measured by God's
standard "all things Iwork together
for good to them that love God." Yes,
above all conditions apparently unfa
forable and all results temporarily dis
tressing, this Is God's way of reward
ing tho man who trusts him, who
waits upon God for sustenance, who
delights himself In God, and who
makes God's will not only tho law of
his life, or the joy of his llfo, but real
ly his life.
Ix)ok at this picture Blessed Is the
man, whatsoever ho doeth shall pros
por; then on this "Not eo tho ungod
ly, not so." And by this sharp con
trast and ouddon change tho pBalmlst
Increases the emphaslB on tho ele
ments that constitute a prosperous
life, and tho blessfngs that attend It.
Notice the character tho ungodly,
simply the man who does not live in
tho way God demands; notico his
character like tho chaff; notico his
doom which tho wind drlvoth away.
I call you by tho persuasion of this
psalm to chooso tho prosperous llfo.
Nothing elso Is worth whllo, nothing
elso abides. "For tho Ixrd knowoth
tho way of tho righteous, but tho way
of tho ungodly shall perish." What
God knows, lasts; what ho does not
know, parishes. Choose now your
place, and decide your character, your
usefulness, and your destiny. Which
shall It be treo, or chaff?
Borne Hibernating Places of Leaf
Hoppers. ally seek tho under Bides and there
do practically all their feeding.
Whllo lmmaturo tho insects nro
called nymphs. Tho ndultB aro more
conspicuous than tho nymphs aud aro
especially noticeable at tho time tho
grapes are being hnrvested. They aro
then very annoying because they get
into tho mouths, cars and noses of
tho pickers. At this time they fly
about especially on warm and calm
days during the latter part of tho sea
son, and drift to othor vines or to
grass fields, brush land and thickots.
In fact, they seek any place that will
shelter them during tho winter.
Tho leaf-hopper survives tho winter
in greatest numbers in dry localities
and is absent from low-lying lands,
such as clay and some of tho loam
soils. On tho higher soils there is
no winter flooding and tho rains soon
drain away, thus offering tho most
dcslrablo winter quarters. Hero tho
That certain vineyards aro more
susceptible to attacks by tho leaf
hopper Is a common observation. Tho
dogroo of Infestation of vineyards is,
however, not n matter of chanco.
Situations In which dead weeds or
stream, blackberries and rnspborrlos,
dotormlno tho relative amount of
loaf-hopper injury to tho vines.
When tho nymphs and adults of tho
summer brood inlllct much Injury,
owing to numbers, considerable dam
ago Is dono by tho hibernating adults
in tho spring sl.ico thoy attack tho
young foliage, causing yellowing of
tho leaves. This damago to tho young
grapo follago by tho adults is needless,
howover, and can largely bo prevented
by burning ovor tho winter quarters
of tho insects, which will destroy tho
greater portion of thom.
Gnomical analysis of grapes taken
from sprayed and unsprayed vines
show that tho fruit from vinos pro
tected from tho leaf-hopper Is superior
to fruit from vinos subjected to
tho attacks of this pest. Analyses of
grapes from sprayed vines give a gain
of from 8 to C8 per cont. in sugar ovor
thoso from untreated vines, whllo tho
ill '"' '"'-' :" !'$
Whon complotod, tho now plant of
tho Calumet Baking Powder Company,
now under course of construction, at
South 41st nvenuo and Flllmoro
street, will provo a fitting monument
to tho ability, honesty and progrcs
slvoness which hnvo rondored possl
bio tho tremendous growth of ono of
Chlcngu'tf most prominent industrial
This immense plant, tho ostlmntcd
cos, of which Is $250,000, la a strictly
modern flvo-story and basement, flro
proof, ro-onforced concroto building.
Size, 2C0xl00 Toot. Ono of tho novel
and interesting features of this, tho
largest and most efficiently equipped
Dnklng Powdor plant In oxlstonco,
will bo a cantllovor shipping platform
projecting ovor to a Bwltch track on
a lovol with tho second floor.
Automntlo machlnory, modorn ap
pliances mid passenger nnd freight
clovntora of tho latest typo will bo
Installed nnd omployod in manufac
turing and handling tho company's
Plans which make posslblo a maxi
mum amount of glass nrca nnd tho
highest degreo of sanitation hnvo
boon carofully nnd scientifically pro
parod. Spacious and splondldly ap
pointed rest rooms nro provided for
Ono ontlro floor will bo dovoted to
laboratory and research equipment.
Tho Installation of a modorn bakery
for oxporlmont purposes lusurcs tho
maintonnnco of tho high standard of
cxcollcnco for which Calumot Caking
Powder Is fntnod.
Tho Calumet Raking Powdor Com
pany was organized a qunrtor of a
century ago by Mr. Win. M. Wright
Tho company first began tho rannu
facturo of baking powdor In n com
paratively small way, with limited
capital. Modorn methods, combined
with high grndo materials nnd an un
wavorlng determination to produco
an artlclo of Btiporlor qunltty havo
created a demand which necessitated
tho orcctlou of tho now Calumot plant
havo mado tho Calumot Company n
substantial factor In tho Industrial
llfo of Chicago, nnd won for it a pat
ronage which Is a benefit and a cred-
I it to tho city. Adv.
Every timo a woman takes tho con
colt out of n man she adds to her own.
Vineyard Surroundings Which Make
Control of Leaf Hoppers Dlffcult
grasses abound or whero leaves from
trees collect, provide tho very best
conditions for the wintering of tho
leaf-hoppers. Tho proximity of por
tions of tho vineyard to grasB fields,
grassy headlands, wooded banks of a
OF DRY ROT LOSS
Grape Foliage When Feeding by "Hop
unsprayed grapes had from 0 to 10. G
per cent, more acid than tho sprayed
grapes. Tho color of tho grapes from
sprayed vines was darker and richer.
This shows that spraying, properly
dono, will minimize the Injury by tho
leaf-hopper. Experiments In Now
York during 1912 showed that "Dlack
Leaf 10" (50 por cent, ntcotlno), ono
part to 1,600 parts of water or bor
deaux mixture, lsfan efficient spray
for tho leaf-hopper. Tho spraying
must bo dono at tho tlmo when tho
maximum number of nymphs aro pres
ent. Ono must Judgo tho tlmo by
watching tho development of tho In
sects. Sufficient spray mlxturo muBt
bo used to drench the Insects and tho
under sides of the leaves must bo
thoroughly hit by tho spray. Spray
ing at low pressuro Is a wasto of tlmo
BED FOR WHEAT
Mrs.Wlnslow'n Soothing Syrup for Children
toctlilu?, Boftcna tho Ruins, reduce lullammi
tlon.allayu palu.curca wind collo,!2a a bottle.M
Nearly everybody In a small town
protends to desplso an amateur show
yet nearly everybody goon.
What It Costs.
"Politeness costs nothing."
"Nothing, eh? Coats mo my scat
twice a day," declared tho tired Btrap
Eliminating Mr. and Mrs.
A correspondent of tho London
Dally Citizen BUggosta that tho un
necessary and unpleaslng prefix "Mr."
should bo eliminated from tho super
scription of letters. Tho deprivation
of this prefix was ono of tho penalties
enforced In our American colonies
during tho seventeenth century. Tho
records of Massachusetts show that
in 1C80 Josias Plalstowo was con
damned "for Btoallng four baskets of
corn from tho Indians, to return thom
eight baskets ngaln, to bo fined 5,
and hereafter to bo called Josias, not
Mr., as ho used to bo." Tho Massa
chusetts penal code also provided for
docking women of tho prefix of Mrs.,
but thero la no record of this olauso
having boon enforced.
THE CROPS IN
Optimism Throughout the Provr
inccs of Manitoba, Sas
katchewan and Alberta.
During tho prcsont Bummor a nun
bcr of Important delegation havo vis-
Hod tho Canadian Wrost for tho pur
P080 of securing Information na to
tho crop conditions nnd tho conditions
Tho quality of Western Canada
wheat 1b recognized ovdrywhoro.
Tho latest corsus returns show that
In tho Provlnco of Mnnltoba, which
stands out na ono of groat woalth and
wondorful opportunity, tho land area
under whent Increased from 1,9(55,200
acres In 1900 to 2,700,171 acres In 1910,
being an Increase of 40,46 por cont. In
tho decado. Tho wheat area of 1911
!b Broator than thnt of 1910 by 331,401
acres. Thoro aro Incroaaos In tho area
of production of all ceroalB for 1910
ovor 1900, oxcoptlng poao and mixed
Of corcnla grown in 1910 tho largest
gross monetary return por ucro was
given by peas with $20.51, followed by
tlOUB UUU IUU (JUHUIUUllo I b"" "J J..J..U ...v.. Y-..W-, -.
goncrnlly. For somo'bonnB with $16.37, fall wheat with
Best Results Secured at the Ne
braska Station by Use of
Extenslvo experiments havo been
conducted by tho Nebraska station to
learn if any treatment might bo ap
plied bpfore tho potatoes were stored
that would rcduco tho amount of loss
duo to dry rot. Theso experiments
havo clearly demonstrated that dry
rot may bo held In check through
treatment of tho tubers before being
placed In tho storage cellars.
For this purpose tho best results
wero secured through tho use of
either formalin dip, formalin vapor,
or tho lime-sulphur wash. Not only
did the tubers In theso lots show a
very small percentage of dry rot, but
thoy wero In excellent condition other
wise when removed In April. Tho
storage tlmo, It should bo remem
bered, employed In this experiment
Is longer than would ordinarily bo
employed by tho average farmer,
and this gave tho treatments a Bovere
Under ordinary farm conditions tho
development of the formalin vapors is
not easily secured, and thereforo tho
station would particularly recommend
tho use of formalin -dip as the easiest
mothod to employ, and one that ehould
glvo excellent results Is practice
This formalin treatment referred to
consists of placing the tubers in sacks
and Immersing for two hours In a
solution of ono pint of 40 per cenU
formalin in a barrel of water. The
tubers are the, dried beforo being
placed In storage.
Shipping Live Poultry.
Tho' treatment of llvo fowls during
shipment Is receiving somo attention
from tho National Humane associa
tion. It Is urged that a regulation
shipping coop bo adopted which would
prevent damage through rough ban
"Heaving" Is Due to Loosenes?
and Cloddiness of Lower
Layer of Bed.
Careful farmers aro already prepar
ing tho seed bed for tho wheat that
goes in this fall. Ono of tho greatest
factors that limits the production of
wheat ordinarily la tho poorly pro
pared Beed bed.
Prof. M. F. Miller of tho Agron
omy Department of tho University of
Missouri describes tho "heaving" of
wheat to tho looaenosa and cloddiness
of tho lower layer of tho bed. If tho
surface Is plowed and allowed to
stand qulto a whllo, then Is har
rowed, tho top will appear to bo
smooth and In good condition, while
tho part a few Inches underneath will
bo made of largo clods and openings.
These openings not only cut off tho
supply of water which should rise
from tho subsoil, but In a wot tlmo
they will fill with and lift when a
Tho simplest remedy, and the most
effective ono, for this coarseness In
tho lower part of tho seedbed, Is to
disk tho ground thoroughly beforo
plowing It. Then there will bo no
clods that cannot bo reached and
dealt with. Furthermore, tho disked
surface will plow, with Iobb horse
power, and tho wueda will turn under
Two things then, aro extras ily Im
portant In preparing wheat la'.d: Ono
Is to disk beforo breaking; tho other
Is to do It soon enough so that tho
seedbed will ho started up and the
seedbed will havo tlmo to sottlo well
beforo seeding tlmo. Tho molBturo
will bo started up and tho seed will
havo tho best kind of a start.
"A Man, My Son."
Tho fellow who acquires tho phys
ical strength to handlo a big plow and
to manage a mulo; who learns to lovo
nn honest furrow; who gets tho moral
courago to kill grass, In splto of tho
shade trees thnt Invito him, nnd who
can bo patient, realizing that ho 1b be
coming, day by day, a real man, haB a
thousand things, more to thank God
for than tho fellow who hasn't tho
physical strength to carry a walking
cano unless ono ond of it is in his
mouth; who hasn't learned to draw a
lino without a straight edgo to go by;
who hasn't tho moral courago to got
out of bed boforo 10 a. m., and who Is
Impatient bocauso ho thinks tho "gov
ernor" Is too hard on him. Atlanta
months tho financial Btrcsa was folt
throughout tho Provinces of Manitoba,
Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Co
lumbia as well as In othor portions of
tho country. With a dovolopmont tak
ing plnco thoro, Buch aa has novor
boforo been known, It wna to bo
$15.G7, corn for husking with $12.03,
flax $11.15, buckwheat $11.00, Bprlng
wheat $10.34. Tho smallest roturna
wero obtnlhod from oats, ryo and bar
loy In tho order named.
Tho avcrago valuo por farm holding
of Hold crops, vogotabloa nnd fruit
raffikoM' 'r.t . frvjfc. ' jtt vrrrmat. v . 4
The Dairy Herds Throughout Canada Aro of the Beat.
LIGHT BREAKS IN
dllng and would keep tho birds from planting. Tho advice is to pot all
nutting tholr heads through tho top,
thus receiving Injury from other pack
ages placed above. It Is also recom
mended that shipments of squab
plguons under six weeks of ago bo
Planting of All Bulbs.
A bit of gratis wisdom concerning
forcing bulbs Is to tho effect that most
of the falluros como from too lato
bulbs as oarly as possible, which prob
ably means as early as they are ob
tainable. Some of tho forolgngrown
bulbs do not ripen early onough to be
obtainable with tho first consignments
to our dealers.
Many pcoplo oxlst in a moro or loss
hazy condition nnd it often takes years
beforo they realize that tea and cof
fee aro often tho cause of tho cloudi
ness, and that thoro is a almplo way
to let tho light break In.
A worthy farmor had such an oxpor
lonco and tells about It, in a letter. Ho
"For nbout forty years, I havo had
indigestion and stomach troublo In
various form3. During tho last 25
years I would not moro than get ovor
ono spell of bilious colic until another
would bo upon inc.
"Tho best doctors I could got and
all tho medicines I could buy, only
gave mo temporary relief.
"Chnngo of climate wnB tried with
out results. I could not sleep nights,
had rheumatism nnd my heart would
palpltato at times so that It Boomed
It would Jump out of my body.
"I camo to tho conclusion that thoro
was no relief for mo nnd that I was
ubout wound up, whon I saw a Postum
advertisement. I had always boon a
coffeo drinker, nnd got an Idea from
tho ad. that maybe coffeo was the
causo of my troublo.
"I began to uso Postum Instead of
coffeo and In lesa than three weoks I
folt llko a now man. Tho rheumatism
loft mo, and I havo never had a upell
of bilious colic slnco.
"My nppotlto Is good, my dlgostlon
novor was battor and I can do moro
work than beforo for 40 years.
"I haven't tasted coffeo Blnco I be
gan with Postum. My wlfo makes It
according to dlroctioiiB and I relish It
nB well aa I ever did coffee, and I was
certainly a slavo to coffeo."
Name given by Postum Co., Ilattlo
Creek, Mich. Wrlto for copy of tho lit
tle book. "Tho Hoad to Wollvlllo."
Postum comos In two forma:
Regular Postum must bo well boiled.
Instant Postum la a solublo powdor.
A teaspoonful dissolves quickly In a
cup of hot wntor and, with tho addi
tion of cronm nnd sugar, makos a do
llclous beverage Instantly.
"There's a reason" for Postum.
expected that when tho money bags
wero tlghtoncd that thla would bo tho
caso. Tho fact la that monoy could
not koop paco with tho development
natural to demands of 400,000 now pco
plo a year. Towns and cltloa had to
bo built to tako caro of tho country
nnd cnpltal had not mado sufficient
But tho cropAof 1913 will reatoro
condltlona to a normal otato, and tho
natural and reasonable dovolopmont
Owing to a wot fall In 1912, and a
heavy snowfall during tho past winter
thoro was n largo area which it was
difficult to seed at tho usual tlmo tho
past spring. Thoroforo na a gonoral
thing seeding was later than uaual. A
trip through tho country In tho early
part of August showed that thla was
no drawback. Wheat that had boon
seeded In May waB already ripening,
nnd had a stand fully no good aB any
country had ovor produced; tho hoada
wero largo and tho prospects wero of
was $1,024.71 In 1910, na ngalnat
$518,03 In 1900, bolng an Inoroaso of
79.18 por cont. In tho decado.
Coming back to tho cropa of 1913, It
may Bafoly bo aald that tho yield of
wheat In Saskatchewan will bo nbout
115,000,000 busholB, with an nvorngo
yield of over 22 bushels por ncro.
Oats, which aro but a fair crop, will
yield an avorago equal to that of last
year. Barloy Is oxcollont, whllo flax,
of which tho avorago Ib connldornbly
Icbs than last year, will producq a
greater avorago than for yenrs. What
la said of theso crops will apply to all
Under dato of August 12th, a report
comes from Roglna which anys:
"Unlosa somo dlro calamity occurs
in tho noxt fow dnya farmors of tho
Itoglna district will reap tho grontost
wheat crop ovor recorded In tho West.
"A correspondent mado an automo
bllo trip to tho north and west of tho
city, ovor twonty-sovon mllca bolng
covered. Several floldB woro aeon
Wheatficld In Stook, Western Canada.
tho brightest. It wna not only In
wheat but In flax, oatu and barloy, tho
snmo splendid conditions obtained.
ItalnB In all parts of tho country camo
at tho right tlmo and tho best of
woathcr throughout tho season pro
vallod in all parts.
Tho hay crop was oxcollont. Al
falfa, clover and timothy .grassoa woro
good, and many fnrmorB nro now cul
tivating thoso uplendld fodders.
Tho homestead shnck la giving placo
to comfortablo rcaldoncea. Largo
barns nro being orccted whoro tho Im
provised log and mud atnblo gave ahol
tor to tho fow head of cattlo that tho
oarly sottlor may havo had In his pos
session. Fields aro fonced, roads con
structed and groat fields of grain and
pusturo lund aro nhvaya In ovldonco.
which woro almost rlpo onough for tho
blndor. Others requlro about a week
moro warm weather, but ovorywhoro
was tho Indication of a phonomoual
yield. Oato do not avorago up with
tho whout, but several good fields wero
scon. This tlmo noxt wcok tho hum
of tho blndor should be tho prevalent
music around Ilcgina.
"Ono farm was paaocd on which
thero was one squuro mllo of tho finest
wheat lmaglnnblo. It la Just turning
yellow nnd will run forty bushels to
In Alberta thero will bo a high
yield of all grains. Wheat will be a
hoavlor avorago than last year. Oats
about tho same, flax heavier aud bar
ley about tho same. Adv.
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