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About The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 7, 1913)
fir t. ,
Hens llko vegetables.
'A water hoator 1b handy.
Keep tho coltB In 'box stalls.
It la wise to raise your own brood
During Inclement weather fowls aro
biJUcr Indoors than out.
; Winter or summor, a crowded poul
try Iioubo Is bad for tho flock's health.
i. Soil for soy beans "should receive
aatuorough preparation as land for
-,. Af"present prices for seed, the soy
'boun is one of the most valuable farm
As a monoy crop broom corn Is
ono of the most satisfactory that can
Tho stallion that Is worked regu
larly cvtiry day will got tho most and
host colts. "
Ryo makes a fair grade of silage
nnd-should bo cut when tho seeds aro
In the milk.
Any man who will strike a horso
In -tho head should never bo allowed
to touch one again.
. A water heater will cost much less
than tho loss of flesh occasioned by
cattlo drinking ice water.
Tho lovolness with which a horse
walks is ono of the best evidences
that his legs aro In harmony.
No farmer who has to pump water
for half a" dozen head of stock can
afford to bo without a wind mill.
After a day's work clean tho work
horses thoroughly, wash their legB
from tho knees down and rub dry.
Life Is too short and too atrcnuous
to mako now breeds of to dairy with
''cows not of tho dairy form and tem
perament. Tho careful dairyman has a good
supply of roughage In or near the barn
so as to be beforehund in case of a
Farm horses that are not to be used
through the winter -should have a
roomy paddock in which to exercise
every fair day.
See to It that tho colt does not be
como constipated. A small doso of
castor oil is a good thing to get the
Early cut clover or alfalfa, cured
under caps and grown as thick on tho
ground as possible, makes the best
hay for dairy cattlo.
Tho breeding bull should not only
be tho son of a cow with ,a large milk
record, but the son of thlp cow possess-
ing the truo dairy form'.
' Tho man who tempts his hogs with
-weak fences has only himself to
blame If they cause trouble by break
ing Into the cultivated fields.
. -uxmtxu - &Ant -
t Whlto"Of "thecg(r Is recommended
! In cases of fracture in chickens, for
soaking the bandages, thus binding
thnm tnirnthnr nnrt nMfffinlrip?"' 1
Many dairymen feed their chop or
meal with Bilagporpjilped roots. By
so doing they claim' tho ground grain
Is mado better uso ofancT less Is lost.
A nice, big, fat hen will support In
luxurious comfort sevoral hundred
llco for awhlleutfihcTcpufildn't bo
expected to lay" any eggs while do-
Drop tho point of your plow so that
Jt will bring up an inch or two of soil
that has nojyboon croppedtp death.
It will add greatly to'your crops and
do It speedily; "" "
t The value of roots as a reed for
llvo stock is wjjII known to every
farmer, and many of the moBt expert
stockmen grow an are of roots for
.this purpose each year.
Stud-books ma7 bo guarantees of
good breeding, but they are not al
ways guarantees of Individual merit,
and a horse that has not a combina
tion of both these essential features
should not be kept as a breeder.
Feeds for tho hog should bo select
ed primarily with (ho end In view of
furnishing tho propor quantity of di
gestible nutrients In a palatable form,
as follows: Water, protein, carbohy
drates, ether extract, mineral matter
and bulky matter. Home-grown feeds
should bo used where possible, but
whore these aro not available commer
cial feeds may be substituted.
Tho dairy must bo clean.
Keep tho hen houso light
GIvo tho cow succulent feed.
Keop tho breeding sows clean.
Savo all tho pumpklnmnnd mako use!
of thorn. f
Give tho hogs every day all tho clov
er hay they wilt eat.
Ashoa or dry earth scattered under
roo8ts make good absorbents.
Mu)clilng breaks the force-of ralhs,
and provonts compacting tho soil.
Horses must bo up-hoaded, havo
spirit and finish, nnd bo fast walkers.
Try to nrrango to glvo each horso
on tho farm a three-weeks' vacation.
A good orchard requires as good
land and as thorough preparation as
Lack of exercise Is ono of the fac
tors that cut Into tho profit In feeding
Hogs, llko men, degenerato unless
they havo good care nnd the right
kind of feed. '
Cabbage, sugar beets, oats, clover
and potatoes havo been found a good
flvo'year rotation, " -
Tho pig's main aim lnllfo is to grow
nnd got fat. Glvo him plenty of good
feed and some exercise.
Good milling wheat must bo froo
from all mustinoss or bad odor and
should bo sound nnd dry.
A rainy day Isa good tlmo toropalr
and oil up the 'extra harnesses used
during tho harvest season.
The expense of putting the third 100
pounds on tho hog makes tho 200
rpoUnd limit most profitable.
Sweet clover and alfalfa" feed heav
ily on the lime, which accounts for
tho larger growth of young stock.
Cows that do not possess tho dairy
form aro unablo to endow their pro
geny with the dairy temperament.
Those old hens may bo valuable as
"keepsakes," but tho young nnd vigor
ous ones will produce tho most eggs.
If tho poultry houso Is overcrowded,
kill off some of tho older birds. Keep
stocked up with young, thrifty layers.
The pig Ib n meat producing nnlmal
and the more ho is fed with good
judgment the moro meat he will pro
duce. Drop everything to help a horse or
a cow that is in trouble, no matter
whether it is your own or your neigh
bor's. Aro you keeping a lot of horBcs for
which you havo no special need? Let
the other fellow have them at pres
At tho present high prices of feed
it takes a good feeder to get ahead of
tho game, even with hogs and cattlo
If tho sows aro expected to raise
two litters a year tho pigs Bhould bo
weaned when they are from oight to
ton weeks old.
With tho mow full' of hay and a
silo full of corn, tho farmer can aleep
on cold winter nights with a heart
full of content.
Grapes grown In a clayey soil aro
darker on gravelly land; but the
sweetest and richest tasted grapes
are grown on gravelly Boll.
Green ducks aro shipped to market
undrawn and with tho heads on. Thoy
are picked down one-half of tho neck
and to the first wing Joint.
The obJectrof a horso stablo Is not
to get vl certain amount of air In tho
stablo and to keep tho snmo inclosed
In tho stabjejall tho winter.
" lt Is moro profitable to havo the
hens In laying condition for tho per
iod when prices are high than It Is
to attempt tq preserve-eggs until lhat
time, i h A V,
Market-prices ofxraln and feed ar,o
pretty -well downJtho scale thla In
ter, but they still bring tho same top
prices when mnrketed through the
cream can.. 'y
Sandy loam with n clay subsoil
makes excellent orchard land, whllo
hillsides, improperly" treated, can bo
turned from barren wastes Into profit
able fruit crops.
Tho individuality of tho cow is the.
koynoto of success In dairying, a
man who understands how to cater to
each member of bis hord is tho man
who gets tho largest returns.
Perhups you have heard nn undue
commotion among tho hens nt roost
ing timo. Thoy were scrapping for
tho higher places, so build them on a
level, and never havo ono placed over
Busy hens are not only tho boat
egg producers, but their eggu nhov
tho best fertility, In order to keop
them engaged at work strew tho floor
of the pen with hay or straw and
scatter tho grain in this.
IMPORANT ESSENTIALS IN BREEDING
SHIRE HORSE FOR GENERAL FARM WORK
No Amount of Descriptive Writing
Characteristics in Horse or
Be Exercised in Feeding
The first thing a farmer must try to
get is a mare or two of Just the right
Eort to begin With. The age to buy
is not of so much importance; by
buying fillies at ono to two years old
thoy havo tho full length of their
breeding life before them, but at the
Bamo tlmo thcro is the risk of their
proving non-breodors, or Inferior
breeders, whllo by buying a mare that
has bred a foal or two successfully
wo discount tho risk; but havo to pay
a higher price, and loso as much of
her life as has passed. The mare that
has begun to breed Is tho safest spec
ulation. In selecting tho brood maro tho
character, symmetry, stylo, constitu
tion, soundness and typo are of even
greater importance than pedigree. It
Is well to havo a typo of perfection
In ono'B eye, and to get as near that
Tho head and eyes should betoken
docility, Intelligence and courage. It
la only by close observation that any
ono can acqulro the art of rocognlz
Ing character In a maro. No amount
of descriptive writing can tench ono
how to Judgo these characteristics In
horso or man. Tho loin, of course,
should bo strong, nnd tho tall well set
up, In lino with tho back,' not droop
ing. In a brood maro a strong, healthy
constitution is of the utmost Impor
tance. As for size, a maro standing sixteen
hands high, and built in proportion,
Is big enough. Color may bo selected
according to taste, but a brown or
bay animal Is always moro salable
than a black or any of tho lighter
When buying every precaution
should be taken to lnsuro soundness
that is, absence of all hereditary dis
ease, and a few dollars extra should
not prevent a bargain being mado If
tho maro approaches anywhere near
tho Ideal abovo described.
Groat care should be taken In feed
ing all animals, particularly stallions.
RYE FIELD USED
THREE GOOD WAYS'
Acre or Two of Rich Land Will
Produce Large Amount of
Early Green Feed.
(By WAT-TEH 13 I-CUTZ )
Uyo which Is sown In tho fall for
green, feed during cold weather may
bo economically used in at least threo
ways tho next oprlng and tho early
summer. Ono of these ways is to uso
it for pasture, Another way is to ubo
It for a summer soiling crop for milk
cowb. An ncro or two on -rich land
will produce a large amount of earlyJ
green reeu anu tno crop can be used
for nearly three months To use ryo
as a Boiling crop, keep thu stock on
It In tho spring and when It Is tall
enough to cut take tho mower to the
patch and cut enoughXar two days
feeding. Hake this and storo It In
the barn and feed out, Thou mow
enough moro for another two days
feeding and continue tho same method
till tho patch la all mown. By this
tlmo tho ryo of the first mowing will
havo grown up enough for a second
cutting and In succession It may bo
cut soveral times during the early
spring and summer In this way a
great number of cowa may be kept
on a limited area of pasture
. Cost of Dutter Fat.
Cow Tester II. D. Wethercll, Somer
set county. Mo., reporting 1G herds of
95 milking cowa In all, finds the nvcr
ago feed cost for ono pound of butter
fat 22 cents. Highest cost was 30
cents in ono herd, and tho lowest cost
U 7 cents In another herd
Broken limbs should all be attended
to now. Some may bo saved by hoist
ing back to place and 'bolting thnm to
tho main trunks. Those that cannot
bo saved should bo cut off and tho
wounds painted with white lead ami
Can Teach One' to Judge Good
ManGreat Care Should
of Farm Animal.
which nro moro sensltlvo than maro
or goldlnga. Hoi sea should bo fed
very regularly. Feeding tlmo should
not vary ten mlnUtoa from a stated
hour. Tho stomach Is a boiibIUvo or
gan and soon becomes oducatod to
expect food nt certain hours. If thai
expectation In regularly gratified the
animal tin Ives better. My method
of feeding horses Is: Morning food nt
C'45 o'clock; noon food nt 11:45, und
night feed at 6:30 In winter, C:4R In
summer. This sch'cdulo la strictly
adhered to at all times.
Tho amount of food to glvo a stal
lion, except during the btud Benson,
Is about threo quarts of oats in tho
morning, two quarts of crushed oats
and two quarts of bran nt noon; threo
quarts of boiled oats, ono qunrt of
bran nnd ono tablospoon of oil inoul
at night. Tho stallion should havo
fiom fifteen to eighteen pounds of hay
each day tho year round. Ho Bhould
bo given n light feed of hay (say flvo
pounds) In. tho morning, the balunco
In tho evening.
After tho stud senson commencos,
about March 1, 'I add two quarts of
boiled barley to tho evening feed. Tho
barley strengthens the stallion In
flesh and semen and makes him a
surer getter. During a 'heavy stud
season mix a half-dozen raw eggs with
the evening feed.
Tho stnlllon should bo wntercd bo
fore feeding. Let him drink all ho
wants. Wnter him after feeding nlso.
Wo now como to tho actual act of
bleeding. I advise that tho stnlllon
visit tlux. maro after four o'clock in
the afternoon, or even after six. It
la quieter then, and neither maro nor
stnlllon is so liable to becomo uneaBy
The stnlllon should bo led to the
breeding pen as quietly aa possible to
avoid nervousness. Kverythlng Bhould
bo ready. Do not keep him walling
I would adviso hobbling tho mare on
all occasions In ordor to protect the
horso fiom flight nnd accident.
CARROTS DO WELL
ON -FRIABLE SOIL
Gardener Should Endeavor tc
Grow Plant Quickly to Se
cure Best Results.
(Dy ALTON n. dOSSO.)
Carrots do well on most any garden
land but they prefer n moist, deep,
loamy, frlabto soli. The gardener
should try to grow tho carrot quickly
In order to securo tender, sweet, unl
form specimens. Avoid hard, dry,
crusty soil. Seeds may bo sown iti
rows by using a hand drill. Havo tho
rows wldo enough to admit horso oul
tivatlon. When the plants' have
grown thieo to four Inches high, thin
nlng should bo dono, leaving only the
laiger plants In tho row from four ta
six Inches apart. The seed should be
thickly town for many may noi ger
minate Carrots should bo sowr
early, aa tha crop, especially tho late
varieties requlro a long season. The
carrot, llko most all root crops, ro
sponds readily to frequent cultivation
Only the tablu varieties should bo
giown In a homo garden. By Judicious
choice of varieties, cariots may bo en
Joyed for n long Benson. Tho lato va
rieties can bo left In tho ground until
lato when thoy should be dug nnd
stored In tho cellar or burled In tho
fleld similar to cabbugo.
Core of Plants In Winter.
Look to the Dahlia and Cauna tu
bers stored in tho collar. If It Is too
damp mold will havo formed and
cause decay If not removed. Spread
tho tubers out whero tho air Is dry
and sopfiiate tho porfoctly jood roots
from tho80 touched with mold. If,
on tho contrary, the roots look shriv
eled, put them near tho floor in a
damp corner of tho cellar. Ventila
tion must bo given tho collar during
tho winter to keep it dry.
lio very suro that thoro aro no
crncks or loose window panes to lot
In draft and frost.
POULTRY HOUSE ABOUT RIGHT
Building Described and Illustrated
That Is Well Arranged to Admit
I hnvo a poultry houso I think Is
about right. It Is 12-by"1lG foot, nnd
will houso 75 blrdS with oaso, WTltea
Mrs,7Rl03jtlIamtnerll In tho Farmers
Mall rind tBrpozb. It Is four fedt high
on tho horfll and slx.e,cton tho."s6Uth.
Tho roof lino a nine-foot slope oii tho
north and a flvo-foot alopo on tho
south. , Studding wore sot ovory two
feet and drop Biding was used, toboard
up tho walls. Tho roof la shingled.
Thoro nro four windows qiv tho south
each with n douulo sash 22 by 28
Inches In bIzo nnd nrrnuged so tho top
ones may bo lowered. Wo did not
I i' ' i t Ur"iu
Exterior of Hen House.
want tho open front stylo bb wo want
od it tight for fumigating nnd also to
keop out beating storms. Tho upper
bbbIi aro lowered moat of tho tlmo,
nnd during cold weather wo havo a
muslin curtain to lowor over tho open
ing. Boosts aro hinged to tho north
sldo and may bo rniscd und fastened
to tho celling whero thoy aro out 6f
tho way for cleaning, etc, A good
dropping board below kcops tho floor
In good condition Nests nro placed
along tho enst and wost sides. This
houso has n good cement floor which
keeps out rats.
This houso admits . plenty of sun
light and wo havo not had a frozon
comb or alck chicken all winter.
CARE OF DUCKS IN WINTER
Any Kind of Green Stuff That Hap.
pens to Be Handy Makes Excel
lent Feed for Fowls.
During winter I feed my ducks nny
green Btuff that I happen to havo
handy. Turnip, parsnip and carrot
tops, cabbage leaves, beet loaves, on
onion tops, purslano, pigweed, tendor
crab grass, lettuce, radish, mustard,
cut fine, all make good bulky feod.
These aro dried In tho shade during
tho summer and stored llko hay.
When I want to feed thorn n quantity
Is boiled for twelve hours and mixed
with finely cut roots, such as potato,
turnip, parsnip, carrot, onion and
boot. ApplcB aro also used, aaya n
writer In tho Orango Judd Farmer.
Theso are all cooked.
Not much of one kind of plant Is
given nt a time. Four measures, of
any ono with f5ur of corn chop to
each of wheat bran, red wheat shortfl
and boiled fresh meat nro fed as a
mash all the ducks will eat It up
clean In a few minutes, If any of tho
mash la left, it la nt once removed to
aVold Ub getting sour. Thla feed Is
given twlco dnlly during tho winter
nnd three times In spring. It has al
ways proved satisfactory.
Clean soiled eggo.
Set a reputation for selling fresh
Do not keop eggs In a cellar or
Let tho old roosters go before thoy
eat their heads off.
About ten ducks aro required to
mako a pound of feathers.
If chlckon keeping doesn't pay don't
bo In too big n liurry to blamo tho
Goose fcathors bolng moro oily nro
apt to sooner turn rancid than chick
Crudo carbolic acid and coal oil
make a flno disinfectant. Uso n con
A sovereign remedy for llmbornock
Ib four drops of turpentine In a tea
spoonful ot water
Charcoal la n wonderful tonlo at
this time. Seo that tho fowls got nil
thoy want of It to eat.
Poultry breeders need to know as
much of tho. breeding worth of a fowl
as cattle lirecders ot a bull.
Tho man with a fine lot of young
chickens to soil, now Is tho one who
has a smllo that won't como off.
Ono sick chlckon soon Infects a
whole flock. It la always safest to rc
movo n bird at first signs of Illness.
Tho essentials of poultry raising
aro cleanliness and closo attention,
coupled with hard work and com
Supply hens with plenty of crushed
syster shell Tho shells costs little and
moans much If It's winter eggs you
aro working for.
Tho hens relish green food of somo
aort ami will amply repay you for tho
troublo of chopping up cabbago, pota
to peelings, turnlpB, etc.
Any ogg eaters In tho Hock? Mako
the nests aa dark as posBlblo; that
will help If that doesn't dlscourago
tho culprit, sharpen up tho nx,
In the long continuous poultry build
ing It Is deBlrablo that an alley way
bo provided for tho sako of conveni
ence In passing through the building.
' ! ; ..
When pa was my oro ho was glad
To do Just na thoy tolil him:
Ho never mado bin parents and,
Thoy nover hud to bcoUI him;
tie never, never (Unobeyed,
Nor punched bin llttlo brother.
And dny nnd nlKht ho always miido
ThtneD pleasant for his mother.
When pa was my ago ho would c;lcan
Ills shoes when they were muddy!
He nover thought hlH folks were mean
Because they innde him study;
He always tried his best to bo
For Koadncns celebrated,
And ho wob prnlsec by all but, ceo!
How pa's dcBoncrtodl
Tho glvor Ib nlways cheorful when
thcro la a crowd.
A doctor nover is ill and a lawyer
never bucs anybody.
Most of uh will bellovo alio nnd In
sist on proof of tho truth. "
A reformer always seems to bo dis
appointed when his reform Is adopted.
Deforo you bogln worrying about
something todny remember what you
worried nbout yesterday,
Somo folks hnvo n skeleton in tho
closet, but hnvo Judgment enough to
uso It for a clothes hanger.
Tho man who raises bantam chick
ens wquld (question your sanity If you
raised a herd of pet elophants.,
As soon as n man UegliiB to mako
monoy ho commences to talk about
tho advancement of civilization.
Think of nn egg staying in cold
storago for years and years wpndor
Ing if it will finish, as an omolctto or
When a henpecked man goes to
heayen ho must bo always worrying
tibout tho day when his wlfo will ar
rive on tho scone.
An optimist Is a man who tello you
how much wors.o luck you might havo
had; a pessimist Is n man who tolls
you how much Worse luck ho has. .
For Jlttlo bbyB a lie Is a "story,"
for oldor people it Is a "falsehood,"
fpr politicians It Is a "root back," nnd
for dignified folk It is a "misapplica
tion of tho factH" but Jt la Just as
big a Ho nil tho tlmo. - j
Winter 9fln?itt - J
A stream Is rippling through a valloy
It rippled twenty thousand years
And probably when It began to flow
Somo pebbles it is washing now woro
And doubtless, as the stream ran past
Green - strotches to tho greater
It gladdened somo ono who, with
Bat by Its shore, a stranger to all
Out what caro I If others by tha
Once listottod to tho tinkling tuno II
Or gladly s&t and saw tho pebbloa
Or watched the shadows that ncros!
I alt In easy comfort, warmed by
And dlctnto to a girl who Is a dream
"Cholly I.allypop has been In verj
poor health rocontly, I hoar."
"Indeed? What has been tho mat
ter with him?"
"Ho says tho doctors toll him ho nai
too much acid In his system."
"Oh, I suppose that la ono of tht
results of tho largo supply of lemon
that are handed to him."
"Yes," said the clerk, as ho dipped
his pen In the ink and prepared to fill
out tho blank. "Your name, pleaoe."
"Married or unmarried?"
Ill 'IIIM aMiggaeiMBMMMW
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