The courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1894-1903, January 25, 1902, Page 9, Image 9

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    THE COURIER
POSSIBILITIES OP IRRIGATION
(Continued from page 1.)
may be gleaned from the following
from Secretary Dobson:
"At a very conservative estimate,
this land. If used for general farming,
raising alfalfa, corn, oats, wheat, etc.,
will produce $10 per acre per annum
above what could be produced on the
same land without irrigation. This
would add over $15,000,000 annually to
the products of the state, and it must
be remembered that a large part of
the irrigated land In this state is sur
rounded by an immense grazing coun
try and the production of hay and feed
on the Irrigated land adds to the value
of every acre of grazing land in its vi
cinity by rendering It possible to carry
the stock through the winter season
without the loss that is sure to be in
curred where no provision is made for
winter feed. This value of products
raised annually can be multiplied sev
eral times by intensive farming and
making the best use of the land and
water."
practically valueless in watering her
plains. Whether or not the conserva
tive eastern representatives and sena
tors can be diverted so far from their
own immediate environment as to vote
for a measure that must appropriate
millions of dollars for something they
know practically nothing about, is
amazingly uncertain.
One of the chief alms of western rep
resentatives is to secure appropriations
for the creation and maintenance of
giant reservoirs which shall catch and
hold great quantities of water during
the wet seasons to be gradually dis
seminated during drier periods. The
national treasury has been drawn on
for millions of dollars in years past to
erect dikes and levees to protect land
along the banks of rivers from Inunda
tion at the time of Hoods. Should this
same money be expended for storage
reservoirs along the source of the
stream, the overcharge of water could
be caught and held, protecting resi
dents from overflows and turning what
was an evil Into a positive good by
thousands Zbot 60 . .
. . . . Zip in Smoke
Fancy the smoke of all the cigars
consumed every day In Lincoln con
centrated in one volume and the glow
of all the cigars at the base of It all!
I'laco the vision in the center of the
city and see the mad rush of tlremen
and the trailing ranks of the curious
multitude' Thnt Is Just what would
happen were It possible for this con
centration to be brought about for
there are burned In round numbers,
12.000 cigars a day In Lincoln and this
Is no exaggeration. If anything It Is
conservative. Say there are twelve
thousand men and boys of the smoking
age in the city. Surely half the num
ber love their cigars, at least once a
day, in most cases twice and in many,
from half a dozen to fifteen or twenty.
If that does not average 12,000 a day.
mark It a very poor guess.
r
Mfc-r-fir jii if -- " flMto 'ii ' imririHMMi
Pumping Water for Irrigation. John H. Kersenbrock's Plant on Blue River in Seward Count
J
With the agitation that has struck
the national capital concerning irri
gation in the west, and the unanimity
of western congressmen and senators
in support of some measure looking
forward toward national aid, and per
haps national control, there has grown
up an added interest in the possibilities
of irrigation throughout Nebraska. The
chief question agitating congress is
whether the national government or
the respective states shall have control.
So far as Nebraska is concerned, under
a decision rendered by the supreme
court, which stands unmodified up to
date, there is strong reason for hoping
that the nation will assume control
and not delegate the power to the
states.
In Nebraska the old common law on
riparian rights has been held operative.
It decrees that the owner of land ad
jacent to a stream has the right to the
use of the water running in it, "undi
luted, unpolluted and undiminished in
quantity." This permits the use of
water by the man up the stream for
no other than the ordinary purposes of
life, if the fellow below objects. A mill
owner can therefore stop a man above
him from diverting any quantity of
water for irrigation of barren acres.
If the nation takes a hand, the federal
law will be supreme and this doctrine
modified to meet the demands of the
situation.
Another reason for nation. il uper
vision Is found in the control o.
streams that How through more than
one state, as for example, the Platte.
Wyoming, under state supervision,
might so drain the stream before it
reaches Nebraska that it would be
letting out this same captive water at
later and drier seasons when it might
be needed.
Nebraska has already accomplished
much through individual effort. Much
more can be accomplished through the
same medium. The general results can
be multiplied almost to infinity by na
tional aid
r v
WUVirtJ.N OUCO OiWJC
Russell Sage, the famous finan
cier, is now playing the role of de
fendant in a suit for $75,000 brought
against him by the Manhioness D'
Ajuria, a miniature painter of note.
The complaint is based upon the
millionaire's alleged misconduct to
wards her eighteen years ago
But the guess may be supplemented
by a few figures that are fairly re
liable. In fact it was these which led
to the guess. In the city there are five
purely wholesale dealers in cigars and
tobacco; there are ten firms which
manufacture cigars and sell ihem
both at wholesale and retail, besides
twenty dealers in cigars, tobacco and
news. These handle, along with much
of this product, as much more and In
some cases a good deal more of the
imported product. This is saying noth
ing of the innumerable groceries, drug
stores, hotels and restaurants that deal
in cigars, the figures for whose sales
are practically impossible of accumu
lation and compilation.
Four of the ten cigar makers aver
age a product of 250,000 cigars a year,
besides bundling 500,000 imported cigars
in the same time. For these four then
a record of 3.000.000 a year may be
jotted down. A third of this is dis
posed of out or town, leaving 2.000.0K
for the city. The seven remaining
makers are largely small concerns,
many of them being mn of families
who make cigars in the back rooms of
their mansions. seldom employing
more than their own deft fingers
though some have the help of another
man. The average of t'.eir product is
C0.000 cigars a month. That mak-s
360.000 a year. Adding this to the two
millions made by the larger factories
makes the total for a year 2.360.000.
Three of the principal igar stores
make weekly sales approximating 5.000.
This is 6S0.000 a year Figuring the
other seventeen at 1.000 a week their
total is the sum of SS4.000 a year.
Halving this to avoid tounting twice
on local product we have altogether
3,112,000 cigars a year, excluding the
hotels, drug stores, restaurants, and
groceries. Figuring this down to days
the result is S.60S for every day in the
year. Adding to this the approximated
sales of the foregoing places it does
not appear to be a bad guess that
12.000 cigars dally find suction In the
faces of the smoking element.
Think of paying duties on tobacco
that more than equal Its original price'
That accounts largely for the expense
On some grades more Is paid per pound
for entry Into the United States than
Is paid for the tobacco Itself. It de
pends on the texture of the goods. Su
matra tobacco, for Instance, is a very
line article, silky and fearfully expen
sive. A bale, about two by one by
four feet In dimensions will not pass
the customs officer without the pay
ment of over $350 by the Importer ami
this In addition to the price paid the
producer.
For the best all around cigar tobacco
look to Havana. That's where the
makers focus their optics. The Porto
Rico weed Is truly a weed. Near as
that Island Is to Cuba it Is a very poor,
coarse article that springs from Us
soil. There Is something in the sun
aixl ground that makes goo.J tobacco
leaf and that is where Cuba shines.
American grown tobacco Is not very
popular though there Is a continual
enlargement in its culture, the use of
hot houses coming widely into favor
of late. Aroma and tradition, how
ever, stand in favor of the Havana
growth and doubtless always will.
Expressions of wonder are very fre
quently heard by f:e non-smokers
who would like to know why it Is that
mine users of the weed prefer dark
coloied ligars and others light colored.
It does not always make much differ
ence. The dark colored wrapper Is
stronger in taste than its octoroon
brother but the tilling is the same in
both. The difference therefore Is but
slight, so far as color is concerned,
and the choice resolves itself to a
question of taste in appearance. It Is
little else than caprice or habit on the
part of the smoker. The difference in
cost of a cigar depends not only on the
grade or leaf used but also In its style
of construction. A hand made cigar
always costs more than one made by
machinery and it can always be told
by thi round corner on it. The ma
chine made article possesses a telltale
square corn. r. It Is a rare five cent
cigar that is made by hand. When a
clga.- draws poorly It Is safe to say
it was put together by machinery.
Some of the dealers, those who cater
to the more transient trade, sell four
times as many five cent cigars as ten
centers. When the war tarifT was
placed on cigars it had the effect of
turning a great part of the live cent
trade to ten cent igars. How the
dealers explained it sis only by tin
fact that the people suspected there
would be even less than the customary
care in the preparation of the cheap
grad-s. But whereas some dealers
have a better five than ten cent trade,
with others it is exactly the reverse.
Wages or cigar linkers are not so
bad. They are jiaid' from twelve to
eighteen dollars a week after they
have served their apprenticeship, the
size of the wad depending on the num
ber they are able to roll out in that
length or time. It is a very scarce
American, however, who can roll cigars
as the Cubans do. Native to the art.
some or these men in New York an 1
other places make as high as $150 a
month and sport about with all the
airs or aristocracy. A strange thing is
noted or late years by tobacco dealers.
It is that whereas the aristocracy is
turning more to cigarettes the sporting
element that once so generally smoked
them is going more and more arter the
ten center.
t -V .
His Objections
"Was your Interview with that young
candidate satisfactory" '
"Not at all," answered the practical
politician.
"Couldn't you arrangi a deal''"
' Yes, a deal's Just what he wants He
objects to my holding all the cards in
my own hand." Washington Star