The courier. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1894-1903, September 28, 1901, Page 9, Image 9

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EXTERIOR OF THE THE NEW CARNEGIE LIBRARY.
THE NEW LIBRARY.
S. L. GEISTIIARDT.
In preparing the preliminary plans
for the library to which architects were
required to conform, certain features
were regarded as indispensable and
made the foundation of the design; first,
the building must be Ore-proof; second,
it must afford accommodations for all
the departments of a modern library;
third, it must be adapted to economical
administration; fourth, there must bean
abundance of natural light in all por
tions of the building. The requirement
of economical administration at once
imposed limitations from which the ma
jority of libraries have been free. With
that end in view it was decided
to bring all the essential departments
of a library together on one floor, leav
ing the incidental features to be pro
vided for either on a second 'floor or in a
basement.
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The proper construction of the build
ing from an architectural point of view,
and the fpct that certain apartmonts
could be located nowhere except in a
basement, made a basement of some
kind indispensable. The addition of a
second story, therefore, would have
diminished the floor space of the main
story to such an extent as to make it im
possible to provide for all the essential
features upon that floor. It was there
fore determined to elevate the main floor
and to develop the basement to its full
est extent, making it practically a first
story. This is the plan which has been
found most satisfactory wherever tried
in libraries of this size.
The arrangement of apartments on
the main floor is the determining feat
ure of the building, to which all other
details are made subordinate.
Jn selecting the material of which the
building was to be constructed it was
determined to eliminate all sham and
imitation of every kind, and as far as
poesihle to have all material the best of
its kind. The basement is faced with
blue Bedford limestone. This is much
softer than granite, but it has been
found equal to granite in resisting the
weather, and far superior in case of ex
posure to fire; while its cost is much
less than that of granite.
For the superstructure a gray pressed
composition brick was selected, with
light terra cotta trimmings. The roof
is to be covered with red tile, and the
dome with copper.
In designing the elevations it was the
aim of the architects to give an abund
ance of window space and yet create an
appearance of solidity. This was accom
plished by building the outside walls in
the form of pilasters and placing the
windows in recesses, the abruptness of
which is relieved by a framing of molded
brick.
The ornamental features of the build
ing are confined almost wholly to the
entrance and the space over the win
dows. The windows are surmounted by
corbels of terra cotta, and around the
entire building near the top extends a
broad terra cotta cornice supported by
dentils and modillions. The walls have
an ornamental crest of terra cotta.
The entrance is the rich and distinct
ive feature of the building. The exte-
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